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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294741/factors-associated-with-police-decisions-on-immediate-responses-to-intimate-partner-violence
#1
Merete Berg Nesset, Johan Håkon Bjørngaard, Jim Aage Nøttestad, Richard Whittington, Cecilie Lynum, Cand Psychol, Tom Palmstierna
Police officers are often the first responders to intimate partner violence. The aim of the study was to examine the association between structured police assessments on-site in cases of intimate partner violence, and decisions about immediate arrest of the perpetrator and/or relocation of the victim. Data were extracted from police reports on 124 emergency visits in cases of intimate partner violence perpetrated by men toward women. Six out of totally 15 items of the intimate partner violence risk assessment measure B-SAFER were used by the front line police officers as the basis for decisions on whether or not to arrest the perpetrator or relocate the victim...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241477/insights-from-the-front-lines-a-collection-of-stories-of-hta-impact-from-inahta-member-agencies
#2
Tara Schuller, Sophie Söderholm Werkö
This mini-theme contains six stories of health technology assessment (HTA) impact from member agencies of The International Network of Agencies for Health Technology Assessment (INAHTA), which were originally shared at the 2015 and 2016 INAHTA Congresses. The INAHTA impact story sharing is an innovative network activity where member agency representatives share experiences of HTA impact in a loosely structured story format. Through this process, members gain insights from other agencies on new ways of thinking about and approaching HTA impact assessment...
January 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182886/school-nurses-on-the-front-lines-of-medicine-take-a-breath-the-approach-to-a-student-with-respiratory-distress
#3
Morgann Loaec, Robert P Olympia
Students presenting with varying degrees of respiratory symptoms and distress occur commonly in the school setting. It is important to develop a differential diagnosis for respiratory distress, to initiate stabilization of the student with life-threatening symptoms, and to triage these students to an appropriate level of care (back to the classroom, home with their guardian with follow up at their primary health care provider's office, or directly to the closest emergency department via Emergency Medical Services)...
November 1, 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144156/upmc-prescription-for-wellness-a-quality-improvement-case-study-for-supporting-patient-engagement-and-health-behavior-change
#4
Rebecca J Maners, Eric Bakow, Michael D Parkinson, Gary S Fischer, Geoffrey R Camp
Addressing patient health and care behaviors that underlie much of chronic disease continues to challenge providers, medical practices, health systems, and insurers. Improving health and care as described by the Quadruple Aim requires innovation at the front lines of clinical care: the doctor-patient interaction and office practice. This article describes the use of Lean Six Sigma in a quality improvement (QI) effort to design an effective and scalable method for physicians to prescribe health coaching for healthy behaviors in a primary care medical home within a large integrated delivery and financing system...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Medical Quality: the Official Journal of the American College of Medical Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046985/new-devices-and-technologies-for-the-management-of-overactive-bladder
#5
REVIEW
Juan M Guzman-Negron, Howard B Goldman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Overactive bladder (OAB) affects millions of people in the USA and has a significant impact on their quality of life. Despite having a number of safe and effective ways of managing refractory OAB patients, there are many promising new technologies actively being studied and developed for the treatment of this population. This review examines current new devices and technologies under study for the treatment of OAB. RECENT FINDINGS: Modifications to already established therapies such as sacral nerve stimulation (SNS) or tibial nerve stimulation (TNS) are currently being studied for refractory OAB...
October 18, 2017: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982836/randomised-clinical-trial-of-cryoballoon-versus-irrigated-radio-frequency-catheter-ablation-for-atrial-fibrillation-the-effect-of-double-short-versus-standard-exposure-cryoablation-duration-during-pulmonary-vein-isolation-circa-dose-methods-and-rationale
#6
Jason G Andrade, Marc W Deyell, Mariano Badra, Jean Champagne, Marc Dubuc, Peter Leong-Sit, Laurent Macle, Paul Novak, Jean-Francois Roux, John Sapp, Anthony Tang, Atul Verma, George A Wells, Paul Khairy
INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) is an effective therapy for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF), but it has limitations. The two most significant recent advances have centred on the integration of real-time quantitative assessment of catheter contact force into focal radio frequency (RF) ablation catheters and the development of dedicated ablation tools capable of achieving PVI with a single ablation lesion (Arctic Front cryoballoon, Medtronic, Minneapolis, MN, USA). Although each of these holds promise for improving the clinical success of catheter ablation of AF, there has not been a rigorous comparison of these advanced ablation technologies...
October 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858966/using-technology-to-support-data-analytics-a-chief-nursing-officer-accountability-scorecard
#7
Shea Polancich, Terri Poe, Natalie Hackney, Jason Williamson
Accountability for health system improvement is a requirement for nursing leadership in practice. However, to be accountable for organizational goals, nurse leaders need the tools to identify gaps in their microsystems of care. The purpose of this article was to provide a case study example of chief nursing officer (CNO) leadership in using a technology solution to develop a CNO accountability scorecard. This project highlights the HQ Essential for data analytics using an innovative technological approach to drive improvement at the front line of clinical care...
September 2017: Journal for Healthcare Quality: Official Publication of the National Association for Healthcare Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715674/the-presence-of-licit-and-illicit-drugs-in-police-stations-and-their-implications-for-workplace-drug-testing
#8
Gregory S Doran, Ralph Deans, Carlo De Filippis, Chris Kostakis, Julia A Howitt
The presence of licit and illicit drug residues on surfaces was studied in 10 police stations and a central drug evidence store in New South Wales, Australia, with the results compared to similar surfaces in four public buildings (to establish a community baseline). The results of almost 850 workplace surface swabs were also compared to the outcome of drug analysis in urine and hair samples volunteered by police officers. Surfaces were swabbed with alcohol and the swabs were extracted and analysed by LC-MS/MS...
September 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703148/the-first-dentists-sent-to-the-western-front-during-the-first-world-war
#9
F S S Gray
At the outbreak of the First World War there was insufficient dental provision for serving military personnel. No army dental specialists were available overseas when the troops joined the British Expeditionary Force (BEF). However, the pain of toothache together with the ensuing limited mastication was debilitating and demoralising for the British soldiers. The result was that men were being withdrawn from the front for treatment at base hospitals. This was limited to extractions by medical officers, which frequently incurred unnecessary loss of dentition when restorative work would have been preferable...
June 9, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661393/botulism-in-italy-1986-to-2015
#10
Fabrizio Anniballi, Bruna Auricchio, Alfonsina Fiore, Davide Lonati, Carlo Alessandro Locatelli, Florigio Lista, Silvia Fillo, Giuseppina Mandarino, Dario De Medici
Botulism is a rare but severe neuroparalytic disease caused by botulinum toxins. Because of its high potential impact on public health, botulism is a closely monitored communicable disease in Europe. In Italy, which has one of the highest incidence rates in Europe (0.03 cases per 100,000 population), botulism is monitored through a case-based passive surveillance system: the front-line physician who diagnoses a suspected case must notify the Local Health Units immediately, and the Ministry of Health's office within 12 hours...
June 15, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601615/psychometric-analysis-and-qualitative-review%C3%A2-of-an-outpatient-radiology-specific-patient-satisfaction-survey-a-call-for-collaboration-in-validating-a-survey-instrument
#11
Elizabeth H Dibble, Grayson L Baird, David W Swenson, Terrance T Healey
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to perform a psychometric analysis of the constructs and reliability of an outpatient radiology-specific patient satisfaction survey and identify factors that drive patient experience so that radiology practices can improve the quality of their diagnostic imaging services. METHODS: This retrospective study examined responses to eight patient satisfaction questions from a survey originally developed by a nascent marketing team and then administered at five outpatient imaging centers from January 7, 2013, to November 11, 2015...
June 7, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422618/school-nurses-on-the-front-lines-of-medicine-connecting-the-dots-scripts-for-success-in-the-evaluation-of-pediatric-rashes
#12
Robert P Olympia
Although skin rashes may not necessarily prompt a visit to the school nurse's office, a rash associated with other systemic symptoms, such as fever, headache, difficulty swallowing or breathing, weakness, or abdominal pain, may cause a child to visit your office. This article describes the initial assessment and management of skin rashes in children and adolescents and delineates reasons that may prompt the school nurse to transfer a student with a rash to a local emergency department.
May 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404613/risk-factors-of-non-specific-neck-pain-and-low-back-pain-in-computer-using-office-workers-in-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Sunyue Ye, Qinglei Jing, Chen Wei, Jie Lu
OBJECTIVES: Several studies have found that inappropriate workstations are associated with musculoskeletal disorders. The present cross-sectional study aimed to identify the risk factors of non-specific neck pain (NP) and low back pain (LBP) among computer-using workers. DESIGN: Observational study with a cross-sectional sample. SETTING: This study surveyed 15 companies in Zhejiang province, China. PARTICIPANTS: After excluding participants with missing variables, 417 office workers, including 163 men and 254 women, were analyzed...
April 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395854/using-the-microsoft-kinect%C3%A2-to-assess-3-d-shoulder-kinematics-during-computer-use
#14
Xu Xu, Michelle Robertson, Karen B Chen, Jia-Hua Lin, Raymond W McGorry
Shoulder joint kinematics has been used as a representative indicator to investigate musculoskeletal symptoms among computer users for office ergonomics studies. The traditional measurement of shoulder kinematics normally requires a laboratory-based motion tracking system which limits the field studies. In the current study, a portable, low cost, and marker-less Microsoft Kinect™ sensor was examined for its feasibility on shoulder kinematics measurement during computer tasks. Eleven healthy participants performed a standardized computer task, and their shoulder kinematics data were measured by a Kinect sensor and a motion tracking system concurrently...
November 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378912/a-comparison-between-tracer-gas-and-aerosol-particles-distribution-indoors-the-impact-of-ventilation-rate-interaction-of-airflows-and-presence-of-objects
#15
M Bivolarova, J Ondráček, A Melikov, V Ždímal
The study investigated the separate and combined effects of ventilation rate, free convection flow produced by a thermal manikin, and the presence of objects on the distribution of tracer gas and particles in indoor air. The concentration of aerosol particles and tracer gas was measured in a test room with mixing ventilation. Three layouts were arranged: an empty room, an office room with an occupant sitting in front of a table, and a single-bed hospital room. The room occupant was simulated by a thermal manikin...
November 2017: Indoor Air
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336521/defending-strong-tobacco-packaging-and-labelling-regulations-in-uruguay-transnational-tobacco-control-network-versus-philip-morris-international
#16
Eric Crosbie, Particia Sosa, Stanton A Glantz
OBJECTIVE: Describe the process of enacting and defending strong tobacco packaging and labelling regulations in Uruguay amid Philip Morris International's (PMI) legal threats and challenges. METHODS: Triangulated government legislation, news sources and interviews with policy-makers and health advocates in Uruguay. RESULTS: In 2008 and 2009, the Uruguayan government enacted at the time the world's largest pictorial health warning labels (80% of front and back of package) and prohibited different packaging or presentations for cigarettes sold under a given brand...
March 23, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327371/longitudinal-changes-in-linguistic-complexity-among-professional-football-players
#17
Visar Berisha, Shuai Wang, Amy LaCross, Julie Liss, Pamela Garcia-Filion
Reductions in spoken language complexity have been associated with the onset of various neurological disorders. The objective of this study is to analyze whether similar trends are found in professional football players who are at risk for chronic traumatic encephalopathy. We compare changes in linguistic complexity (as indexed by the type-to-token ratio and lexical density) measured from the interview transcripts of players in the National Football League (NFL) to those measured from interview transcripts of coaches and/or front-office NFL executives who have never played professional football...
June 2017: Brain and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294035/under-pressure-a-day-in-the-life-of-front-line-nurses
#18
Liz Alderton, Jason Gray O'Connor, Hilda Hayo
7.10am: In office to finish previous day's paperwork.
March 15, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284813/blood-pressure-differences-between-one-automatic-measurement-and-the-mean-value-of-3-automatic-measurements-sprint-trial
#19
Luis Rodríguez Padial, Antonio Segura Fragoso, Francisco Javier Alonso Moreno, Miguel A Arias, Alejandro Villarín Castro, Gustavo Cristóbal Rodríguez Roca
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There are discrepancies regarding how to measure blood pressure (BP). The goal of this study was to determine the differences between one automatic BP measurement and the mean of 3 automatic BP measurements. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Two patient populations were used. A sample population (n=1,337) in which the measurement was performed by a nurse at the health center, and a consecutive series of patients (n=200) who had the measurement performed in front of the doctor in the office...
July 21, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220086/students-wearing-police-uniforms-exhibit-biased-attention-toward-individuals-wearing-hoodies
#20
Ciro Civile, Sukhvinder S Obhi
Police provide an essential public service and they often operate in difficult circumstances, requiring high-speed cognition. Recent incidents involving apparent profiling and aggressive behavior have led to accusations that the police are sometimes biased. Given that previous research has shown a link between clothing and cognition, we investigated the question of whether the police uniform itself might induce a bias in social attention. To address this question, and using a Canadian university student sample, we assessed whether wearing a police uniform biases attention toward black faces compared to white faces, and low-status individuals compared to high-status individuals...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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