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Andrea Medina-Smith, Kimberly A Tryka, Barbara P Silcox, Robert J Hanisch
PURPOSE: This study looks at the changing way in which the Information Services Office (ISO) at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) provides services to NIST scientific and technical staff throughout their research and publishing cycles. These services include the more traditional services of a research library as well as publishing NIST technical reports and The Journal of Research of NIST, and preserving and exhibiting scientific instruments and other artifacts...
2016: Digit Libr Perspect
Peter C Wever, Mike B J M Korst, Maarten Otte
In December 1913, a board of medical officers was appointed to adapt new U.S. Army equipment to the needs of the Hospital Corps. One of the improvements concerned substitution of the satchel-like Hospital Corps pouch used to carry first aid equipment. A waist belt with 10 pockets, known as the medical belt, was devised, and supplied with a tourniquet, adhesive plaster, safety pins, iodine swabs, sublimated gauze, individual dressing packets, gauze bandages, aromatic spirit of ammonia, and common pins. In addition, an ax carrier accommodating a hand ax, a canteen hanger, and a pouch to carry diagnosis tags and instruments were attached to the medical belt...
October 2016: Military Medicine
Jenni Inkinen, Riika Mäkinen, Minna M Keinänen-Toivola, Katrina Nordström, Merja Ahonen
The present study was performed in real life settings in different facilities (hospital, kindergarten, retirement home, office building) with copper and copper alloy touch surface products (floor drain lids, toilet flush buttons, door handles, light switches, closet touch surfaces, corridor hand rails, front door handles, and toilet support rails) parallel to reference products. Pure copper surfaces supported lower total bacterial counts (16 ± 45 vs 105 ± 430 CFU cm(-2) , N = 214, P < 0.001) and lower occurrence of Staphylococcus aureus (2...
October 8, 2016: Letters in Applied Microbiology
Ivica Balen, Marica Jandrić-Balen
There is a profound and permanent connection between Franciscans and Slavonski Brod (formerly known as Brod na Savi). It has lasted for centuries, as Franciscans were present in the town even during the Turkish occupation. They were the first town pastors after its independence from the Turks in 1691 and are present today with churches, monasteries, and the Franciscan High School, which opened in 1995. Their chronicles describing the events from 1706 to 1932 are an important source of historical information, especially for local historians...
November 2015: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
Robert P Olympia, Jodi Brady
Abdominal pain is a common chief complaint encountered by school nurses. This article explains the etiology of abdominal pain in children and adolescents, describes the office assessment, and delineates life-threatening conditions associated with severe abdominal pain that may prompt the school nurse to transfer the student to a local emergency department.
September 2016: NASN School Nurse
Kayte Spector-Bagdady
PURPOSE: 23andMe is back on the market as the first direct-to-consumer genetic testing company that "includes reports that meet Food and Drug Administration (FDA) standards…." But, whereas its front-end product is selling individual genetic tests online, its back-end business model is amassing one of the largest privately owned genetic databases in the world. What is the effect, however, of the private control of bio/databases on genetic epidemiology and public health research? METHODS: The recent federal government notices of proposed rulemaking for: (1) revisions to regulations governing human subjects research and (2) whether certain direct-to-consumer genetic tests should require premarket FDA review, were reviewed and related to the 23andMe product, business model, and consumer agreements...
July 2016: Annals of Epidemiology
Kelsey M Schwei, Ryan Cooper, Andrea N Mahnke, Zhan Ye, Amit Acharya
BACKGROUND: A workflow is defined as a predefined set of work steps and partial ordering of these steps in any environment to achieve the expected outcome. Few studies have investigated the workflow of providers in a dental office. It is important to understand the interaction of dental providers with the existing technologies at point of care to assess breakdown in the workflow which could contribute to better technology designs. OBJECTIVE: The study objective was to assess electronic dental record (EDR) workflows using time and motion methodology in order to identify breakdowns and opportunities for process improvement...
2016: Applied Clinical Informatics
Nick Crofts, David Patterson
World leaders have committed to ending AIDS by 2030, but stigma and discrimination remain significant obstacles. In particular, police are critical, front-line determinants of risk for many people living with HIV (PLHIV) and members of other key affected populations (KAPs). The negative impact of adverse police behaviours and practices on HIV risk is well documented, and these risks undermine global efforts to end AIDS. Far less well documented, and less common, are attempts to ameliorate this impact by working to change police behaviours...
2016: Journal of the International AIDS Society
Natalia Antonova
AIM: The aim of the study was to analyze accessibility of medical assistance in Russian polyclinics (a case study of the city of Ekaterinburg). METHODS: The research included an anonymous survey of patients in five polyclinics of Ekaterinburg (N=500) conducted by applying a specially developed standardised interview. RESULTS: The following factors of medical care accessibility were analyzed: the patient's financial status and administrative and managerial resources of medical institutions...
June 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
Nilesh Chandrakant Gawde, Prashika R Kurlikar
CONTEXT: Non-communicable diseases have emerged as a global health issue. Role of occupation in pathogenesis of non-communicable diseases has not been explored much especially in the hospitality industry. AIMS: Objectives of this study include finding risk factor prevalence among hotel workers and studying relationship between occupational group and chronic disease risk factors chiefly high body mass index. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted among non-managerial employees from classified hotels in India...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Gregory M Anstead
In 1915, a British medical officer on the Western Front reported on a soldier with relapsing fever, headache, dizziness, lumbago, and shin pain. Within months, additional cases were described, mostly in frontline troops, and the new disease was called trench fever. More than 1 million troops were infected with trench fever during World War 1, with each affected soldier unfit for duty for more than 60 days. Diagnosis was challenging, because there were no pathognomonic signs and symptoms and the causative organism could not be cultured...
August 2016: Lancet Infectious Diseases
Johnny C Tenegra, Bobby Leebold
One of the more prevalent and often undiagnosed problems seen by primary care clinicians is substance misuse. Resulting in increased morbidity and mortality, loss of productivity, and increased health care costs, substance misuse in our society remains a significant public health issue. Primary care physicians are on the front lines of medical care, and as such, are in a distinctive position to recognize potential problems in this area and assist. This article outlines office-based screening approaches and strategies for managing and treating this complex issue confronting primary care...
June 2016: Primary Care
Marshall B Kapp
The author describes his own negative series of encounters with the front office staff of a large specialty medical practice during a recent lengthy episode of significant medical distress. The author suggests several reasons, including legal risk management, that medical students should be exposed as part of their education to the interactions of patients with front office staffs (not just physicians) to get a fuller picture of patients' actual experiences with the health care system.
March 16, 2016: International Journal of Risk & Safety in Medicine
Hitomi Teramachi
Gifu Pharmaceutical University Pharmacy was established in front of Gifu University Hospital (GUH) as a pharmacy attached to the university, the first in Japan in 1998. When GUH moved in 2004, Gifu Pharmaceutical University Pharmacy was built in its current location. One of the priorities of the design of the new facility was easy access to those with disabilities. For example, ramps, wheelchair accessible restrooms, and handicap-friendly waiting-room chairs were installed. In cooperation with GUH, we introduced a two-dimensional bar code system for prescriptions...
2016: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
Katherine A DeCelles, Michael I Norton
We posit that the modern airplane is a social microcosm of class-based society, and that the increasing incidence of "air rage" can be understood through the lens of inequality. Research on inequality typically examines the effects of relatively fixed, macrostructural forms of inequality, such as socioeconomic status; we examine how temporary exposure to both physical and situational inequality, induced by the design of environments, can foster antisocial behavior. We use a complete set of all onboard air rage incidents over several years from a large, international airline to test our predictions...
May 17, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Robert P Olympia
Fever and sore throat are common chief complaints encountered by school nurses. This article explains the etiology of both fever and sore throat in children, describes the office assessment, and delineates life-threatening complications associated with fever and sore throat that may prompt the school nurse to transfer the child to a local emergency department.
May 2016: NASN School Nurse
(no author information available yet)
This volume contains the proceedings of the Special Topic Conference (STC) of the European Federation for Medical Informatics (EFMI). The organisation of the STC is part of a long tradition of EFMI working groups to organise scientific events focused on important trends in medical informatics and eHealth. In 2016, the special topic is "Transforming Healthcare with the Internet of Things" in relation to the EFMI working group Personal Portable Devices (PPD). STC 2016 takes place in Paris, France, organised by the Laboratoire d'Informatique Médicale et d'Ingénierie des Connaissances en e-Santé (LIMICS) under the auspices of EFMI and the French Association for Medical Informatics (AIM)...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Michelle M Boisen, Jamie L Lesnock, Scott D Richard, Sushil Beriwal, Joseph L Kelley, Kristin K Zorn, Robert P Edwards
OBJECTIVE: Only 3% of patients with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) have a longer treatment-free interval (TFI) after second-line intravenous (IV) platinum chemotherapy than with frontline IV therapy. We sought to examine what impact second-line combination IV/intraperitoneal (IV/IP) platinum therapy might have on the ratio of second-line to first-line TFI in patients treated with second-line IP platinum chemotherapy for first recurrence after front-line IV therapy. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of women who received combination platinum-based IV/IP chemotherapy for recurrent EOC between January 2005 and March 2011 was conducted...
May 2016: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
German Henostroza, Jennifer B Harris, Nzali Kancheya, Venerandah Nhandu, Stable Besa, Robert Musopole, Annika Krüüner, Chisela Chileshe, Ian J Dunn, Stewart E Reid
BACKGROUND: In Zambia the vast majority of chest radiographs (CXR) are read by clinical officers who have limited training and varied interpretation experience, meaning lower inter-rater reliability and limiting the usefulness of CXR as a diagnostic tool. In 2010-11, the Zambian Prison Service and Ministry of Health established TB and HIV screening programs in six prisons; screening included digital radiography for all participants. Using front-line clinicians we evaluated sensitivity, specificity and inter-rater agreement for digital CXR interpretation using the Chest Radiograph Reading and Recording System (CRRS)...
March 23, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Annemie Somers, Barbara Claus, Koen Vandewoude, Mirko Petrovic
This article summarizes the experience with the development of clinical pharmacy services in the Ghent University Hospital in Belgium. Implementation of clinical pharmacy services in Belgian hospitals has not been evident because these activities were initially not structurally financed. The aim is to describe the strengths and weaknesses of the clinical pharmacy development process, and the milestones that enhanced the progress. Furthermore, the organisation of clinical pharmacy in the Ghent University Hospital is explained, including back- and front-office activities, seamless pharmaceutical care and medication safety improvement...
March 2016: Drugs & Aging
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