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adverse event emergency endotracheal intubation

Yang Li-Qiao, Zhang Jian-Wei, Li Jing-Jie, Zhang Cheng-Mi
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the risk factors of intraoperative anesthesia adverse events (IAAEs) in children with laryngeal diseases. METHODS: We retrospectively recruited 118 children with laryngeal diseases who underwent surgical therapy. Based on medical history and preoperative imaging diagnosis, the baseline data, including sex, age, weight, onset age, the number of operation, the degree of airway obstruction, the nature of disease, the location of disease, complications, tracheotomy, and trachea intubation, were defined and recorded...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Lucas Van Oeveren, Julie Donner, Andrea Fantegrossi, Nicholas M Mohr, Calvin A Brown
BACKGROUND: Intubation in rural emergency departments (EDs) is a high-risk procedure, often with little or no specialty support. Rural EDs are utilizing real-time telemedicine links, connecting providers to an ED physician who may provide clinical guidance. INTRODUCTION: We endeavored to describe telemedicine-assisted intubation in rural EDs that are served by an ED telemedicine network. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective data were collected on all patients who had an intubation attempt while on the video telemedicine link from May 1, 2014 to April 30, 2015...
September 27, 2016: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
Yuko Ono, Takuya Sugiyama, Yasuyuki Chida, Tetsuya Sato, Hiroaki Kikuchi, Daiji Suzuki, Masakazu Ikeda, Koichi Tanigawa, Kazuaki Shinohara
BACKGROUND: A reduction in medical staff such as occurs in hospitals during nights and weekends (off hours) is associated with a worse outcome in patients with several unanticipated critical conditions. Although difficult airway management (DAM) requires the simultaneous assistance of several appropriately trained medical caregivers, data are scarce regarding the association between off-hour presentation and endotracheal intubation (ETI)-related adverse events, especially in the trauma population...
2016: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
Adam Bullock, James M Dodington, Aaron J Donoghue, Melissa L Langhan
OBJECTIVE: Capnography is indicated as a guide to assess and monitor both endotracheal intubation and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Our primary objective was to determine the effect of the 2010 American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines on the frequency of capnography use during critical events in children in the emergency department (ED). Our secondary objective was to examine associations between patient characteristics and capnography use among these patients. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on children aged 0 to 21 years who were intubated or received CPR in 2 academic children's hospital EDs between January 2009 and December 2012...
July 23, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Hamidreza Saber, Brian Silver, Alejandro Santillan, Mahmoud R Azarpazhooh, Vivek Misra, Réza Behrouz
OBJECTIVE: To use data from a large multicenter trial to assess the role and significance of chest radiograph (CXR) in the initial evaluation of acute stroke. METHODS: Predefined clinical characteristics of patients who had recorded data on CXR examination during the initial evaluation were collected. We compared features of patients who had a CXR done before IV thrombolytics with those who did not. Rates of adverse cardiopulmonary events, intubation, and in-hospital mortality were also compared...
August 23, 2016: Neurology
Pamela Hiltunen, Helena Jäntti, Tom Silfvast, Markku Kuisma, Jouni Kurola
BACKGROUND: Though airway management methods during out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) remain controversial, no studies on the topic from Finland have examined adherence to OHCA recommendations in real life. In response, the aim of this study was to document the interventions, success rates, and adverse events in airway management processes in OHCA, as well as to analyse survival at hospital discharge and at follow-up a year later. METHODS: During a 6-month study period in 2010, data regarding all patients with OHCA and attempted resuscitation in southern and eastern Finland were prospectively collected...
2016: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
Henry E Wang, David K Prince, Shannon W Stephens, Heather Herren, Mohamud Daya, Neal Richmond, Jestin Carlson, Craig Warden, M Riccardo Colella, Ashley Brienza, Tom P Aufderheide, Ahamed H Idris, Robert Schmicker, Susanne May, Graham Nichol
Airway management is an important component of resuscitation from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). The optimal approach to advanced airway management is unknown. The Pragmatic Airway Resuscitation Trial (PART) will compare the effectiveness of endotracheal intubation (ETI) and Laryngeal Tube (LT) insertion upon 72-h survival in adult OHCA. Encompassing United States Emergency Medical Services agencies affiliated with the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium (ROC), PART will use a cluster-crossover randomized design...
April 2016: Resuscitation
Chuanzhong Yang, Xiaoyu Zhu, Weibin Lin, Qianshen Zhang, Jinqiong Su, Bingchun Lin, Hongmao Ye, Renjie Yu
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to study the feasibility, efficacy and safety of using laryngeal mask (LM) ventilation compared with endotracheal intubation (ETI) during neonatal resuscitation. METHODS: Neonates with a heart rate below 60 beats per minute despite 30 s of face mask ventilation were assigned quasi-randomly (odd/even birth date) to LM (n = 36) or ETI (n = 32) ventilation. Differences in first attempt insertion success, insertion time, Apgar score, resuscitation outcome, and adverse effects were compared...
2016: BMC Pediatrics
Robert S Green, Michael B Butler
BACKGROUND: Postintubation hypotension (PIH) is an adverse event associated with poor outcomes in emergency department endotracheal intubations. Study objective was to determine the incidence of PIH and its impact on outcomes following tracheal intubation in a general anesthesia population. METHODS: Structured chart audit of adult patients intubated for a vascular surgery procedure at a tertiary care center over a 3-year period. Outcomes included in-hospital mortality, extended intensive care unit length of stay (ICU LOS), and requirement for postoperative (postop) hemodialysis or mechanical ventilation...
July 27, 2015: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
L Dupree Hatch, Peter H Grubb, Amanda S Lea, William F Walsh, Melinda H Markham, Gina M Whitney, James C Slaughter, Ann R Stark, E Wesley Ely
OBJECTIVE: To determine the rate of adverse events associated with endotracheal intubation in newborns and modifiable factors contributing to these events. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a prospective, observational study in a 100-bed, academic, level IV neonatal intensive care unit from September 2013 through June 2014. We collected data on intubations using standardized data collection instruments with validation by medical record review. Intubations in the delivery or operating rooms were excluded...
January 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
Steven Deem, David Yanez, Laura Sissons-Ross, Jo Ann Elrod Broeckel, Stephen Daniel, Miriam Treggiari
RATIONALE: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a prevalent and costly nosocomial infection related to instrumentation of the airway with an endotracheal tube (ETT), enabling microaspiration of contaminated secretions. Modification of the ETT design to reduce microaspiration and/or biofilm formation may play an important role in VAP prevention. However, there is insufficient evidence to provide strong recommendations regarding the use of modified ETT and unaddressed safety concerns...
January 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
Israel Green-Hopkins, Heidi Werner, Michael C Monuteaux, Joshua Nagler
OBJECTIVES: Using recordings of endotracheal intubation attempts obtained with a video-enabled laryngoscope with Miller and Macintosh blades, the authors sought to evaluate the association between laryngoscopic approach (right-sided vs. midline) and intubation success, as well as adverse event rates in the pediatric emergency department (ED). METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of children younger than 21 years who underwent endotracheal intubation with a C-MAC video laryngoscope in a tertiary care ED between August 2009 and May 2013...
November 2015: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Jean-Michel Liet, Thierry Ducruet, Vineet Gupta, Gilles Cambonie
BACKGROUND: Bronchiolitis is the leading cause of hospitalisation among infants in high-income countries. Acute viral bronchiolitis is associated with airway obstruction and turbulent gas flow. Heliox, a mixture of oxygen and the inert gas helium, may improve gas flow through high-resistance airways and decrease the work of breathing. In this review, we selected trials that objectively assessed the effect of the addition of heliox to standard medical care for acute bronchiolitis. OBJECTIVES: To assess heliox inhalation therapy in addition to standard medical care for acute bronchiolitis in infants with respiratory distress, as measured by clinical endpoints (in particular the rate of endotracheal intubation, the rate of emergency department discharge, the length of treatment for respiratory distress) and pulmonary function testing (mainly clinical respiratory scores)...
September 18, 2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Chaoliang Tang, Xiaoqing Chai, Fang Kang, Xiang Huang, Tao Hou, Fei Tang, Juan Li
BACKGROUND: The adverse events induced by intubation and extubation may cause intracranial hemorrhage and increase of intracranial pressure, especially in posterior fossa surgery patients. In this study, we proposed that I-gel combined with tracheal intubation could reduce the stress response of posterior fossa surgery patients. METHODS: Sixty-six posterior fossa surgery patients were randomly allocated to receive either tracheal tube intubation (Group TT) or I-gel facilitated endotracheal tube intubation (Group TI)...
2015: Mediators of Inflammation
Yuko Ono, Hiroaki Kikuchi, Katsuhiko Hashimoto, Tetsu Sasaki, Jyunya Ishii, Choichiro Tase, Kazuaki Shinohara
PURPOSE: Airway management in severe bronchial asthma exacerbation (BAE) carries very high risk and should be performed by experienced providers. However, no objective data are available on the association between the laryngoscopist's specialty and endotracheal intubation (ETI)-related adverse events in patients with severe bronchial asthma. In this paper, we compare emergency ETI-related adverse events in patients with severe BAE between anesthesiologists and other specialists. METHODS: This historical cohort study was conducted at a Japanese teaching hospital...
October 2015: Journal of Anesthesia
Luis F Lara, Andrew Ukleja, Ronnie Pimentel, Roger J Charles
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Adverse events associated with overtube-assisted enteroscopy are similar to those with routine endoscopy. Our endoscopy quality program identified a number of respiratory adverse events resulting in emergency resuscitation efforts. The aim is to report all adverse events identified by quality monitoring and outcomes of adverse events associated with overtube-assisted enteroscopy. METHODS: A retrospective study used data prospectively obtained from consecutive patients undergoing overtube-assisted enteroscopy between December 2008 and July 2012...
November 2014: Endoscopy
Elliot Long, Stefan Sabato, Franz E Babl
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Prospective safety data on emergency department (ED) intubation in children are limited. We aimed to describe the practice and adverse events associated with endotracheal intubation in a large urban pediatric ED. METHODS: Prospective observational study at a tertiary pediatric ED with an annual census of 82,000. The primary outcome measure was the adverse event rate. Secondary outcome measures were incidence of difficult laryngoscopy and first pass success rate without desaturation or hypotension...
December 2014: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Reinhard Strametz, Christoph Pachler, Johanna F Kramer, Christian Byhahn, Andrea Siebenhofer, Tobias Weberschock
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy (PDT) is one of the most common bedside surgical procedures performed in critically ill adult patients on intensive care units (ICUs) who require long-term ventilation. PDT is generally associated with relevant life-threatening complications (e.g. cuff rupture leading to possible hypoxia or aspiration, puncture of the oesophagus, accidental extubation, mediastinitis, pneumothorax, emphysema). The patient's airway can be secured with an endotracheal tube (ETT) or a laryngeal mask airway (LMA)...
2014: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
J C Garzón Sánchez, T López Correa, J A Sastre Rincón
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Supraglottic airway devices are increasingly used in anesthesia and emergency medicine as a rescue for intubation and ventilation. This study was designed to investigate the air-Q(®) supralaryngeal device and compare it with the ILMA-Fastrach™ for airway rescue and intubation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The devices were inserted in 80 patients (40 patients in each group) according to manufacturer' instructions. An inspiration pressure of 20cmH2O was applied through a ventilator for checking air leaks...
April 2014: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
Joonghee Kim, Kyuseok Kim, Taeyun Kim, Joong Eui Rhee, You Hwan Jo, Jae Hyuk Lee, Yu Jin Kim, Chan Jong Park, Hea-Jin Chung, Seung Sik Hwang
OBJECTIVE: Advanced airway management is one of the fundamental skills of advanced cardiac life support (ACLS). A failed initial intubation attempt (FIIA) is common and has shown to be associated with adverse events. We analysed the association between FIIA and the overall effectiveness of ACLS. METHODS: Using emergency department (ED) out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) registry data from 2008 to 2012, non-traumatic ED-resuscitated adult OHCA patients on whom endotracheal intubation was initially tried were identified...
May 2014: Resuscitation
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