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Molar pregnancy

Yoshihito Iijima, Hirohiko Akiyama, Yuki Nakajima, Hiroyasu Kinoshita, Iwao Mikami, Hidetaka Uramoto, Tomomi Hirata
INTRODUCTION: Recently, the opportunity to encounter lung metastasis from choriocarcinoma has become very rare for thoracic surgeons, since chemotherapy works very well and the operative indications for lung metastasis are limited. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 45-year-old woman with a past history of hydatidiform mole six years previously was found to have a nodulous chest shadow in the right middle lung field on a chest radiography. She was also suspected of having an ovarian tumor and underwent a total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy...
September 30, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Malihe Hasanzadeh, Ftemeh Vahid Roodsari, Shahnaz Ahmadi, Masoumeh Gavedan Mehr, Tabari Azadeh
BACKGROUND: Gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN) is a curable disease that involves the development of malignant tumor in the woman after a normal or molar pregnancy. The position of surgery in GTN is not properly specified and is changing due to new chemotherapy protocols. However, the role of surgery is highlighted in chemotherapy-resistant GTN. Other indications of surgery in trophoblastic diseases are drug toxicity and uterine perforation. Based on the fact that most women in certain age tend to preserve fertility, this study reported 4 cases of successful treatment after fertility sparing surgery...
September 2016: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
Jose Mauro Madi, Antonio Rodrigues Braga, Machline Paim Paganella, Isnard Elman Litvin, Eliana Márcia Da Ros Wendland
BACKGROUND: Distinguishing hydatidiform moles (HMs) from non-molar specimens and the subclassification of HM are important because complete hydatidiform mole (CHM) is associated with an increased risk of gestational trophoblastic neoplasia. However, diagnosis based solely on morphology has poor interobserver reproducibility. Recent studies have demonstrated that the use of p57(KIP2) immunostaining improves diagnostic accuracy for CHM. METHODS: We will conduct a systematic review of prospective and retrospective studies to evaluate the accuracy of p57(KIP2) immunostaining compared with molecular genotyping for the diagnosis of CHM...
October 4, 2016: Systematic Reviews
Malihe Hasanzadeh, Norrie Sharifi, Marjaneh Farazestanian, Seyed Saman Nazemian, Faezeh Madani Sani
BACKGROUND: Finding a tumor marker to predict the aggressive behavior of molar pregnancy in early stages has yet been a topic for studies. OBJECTIVES: In this survey we planned to study patients with molar pregnancy to 1) assess the p53 and c-erbB-2 expression in trophoblastic tissue, 2) to study the relationship between their expression intensity and progression of a molar pregnancy to gestational trophoblastic neoplasia, and 3) to determine a cut off value for the amount of p53 and c-erbB-2 expression which might correlate with aggressive behavior of molar pregnancy...
June 2016: Iranian Journal of Cancer Prevention
Julia L Savage, Katherine E Maturen, Erika L Mowers, Katherine B Pasque, Ashish P Wasnik, Vanessa K Dalton, Jason D Bell
PURPOSE: To assess the prospective sonographic diagnosis of molar pregnancy and compare sonographic features of complete versus partial molar pregnancy. METHODS: This institutional review board--approved retrospective chart review conducted between 2001 and 2011 identified 70 women with a histopathologic diagnosis of molar pregnancy and with available sonograms. Clinical data, images, and reports were reviewed, and features enumerated by radiologists blinded to the final diagnosis...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
Maryam Niknejadi, Firoozeh Ahmadi, Farnaz Akhbari
Placental site trophoblastic tumor (PSTT) is a very rare variant of gestational trophoblastic tumor. It can occur after normal termination of pregnancy or spontaneous abortion and ectopic or molar pregnancy. There is a wide range of clinical manifestations from a benign condition to an aggressive disease with fatal outcome. One of the most important characteristics of PSTT, unlike other forms of gestational trophoblastic diseases (GTD) is the presence of low beta-subunit of human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) levels because it is a neoplastic proliferation of intermediate trophoblastic cells...
April 2016: Iranian Journal of Radiology: a Quarterly Journal Published By the Iranian Radiological Society
Yasushi Yamada, Satoshi Ohira, Teruyuki Yamazaki, Tanri Shiozawa
Ectopic molar pregnancy is extremely rare, and preoperative diagnosis is difficult. Our literature search found only one report of molar pregnancy diagnosed preoperatively. Moreover, there is no English literature depicting magnetic resonance image (MRI) findings of ectopic molar pregnancy. We report a case of ectopic molar pregnancy preoperatively diagnosed using MRI. A literature review of 31 cases of ectopic molar pregnancy demonstrated that lesions have been found in the fallopian tube (19 cases, 61%), ovary (5 cases, 16%), cornu (3 cases, 10%), peritoneum (2 cases, 6%), uterine cervix (1 case, 3%), and cesarean scar (1 case, 3%)...
2016: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Helena Kopp Kallner, Kristina Gemzell Danielsson
Preservation of fertility and optimizing health before pregnancy is becoming increasingly important in societies where childbirth often is postponed. Research shows that as women postpone childbirth they achieve higher levels of education and higher incomes. This leads to advantages for their children and for society. However, as women postpone childbearing they are at risk for contracting conditions which may affect fertility and/or pregnancies, pregnancy outcome, and the newborn child. Preconception counseling is therefore becoming increasingly important...
September 20, 2016: Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences
Antonio Braga, Berenice Torres, Marcelo Burlá, Izildinha Maestá, Sue Yazaki Sun, Lawrence Lin, José Mauro Madi, Elza Uberti, Maurício Viggiano, Kevin M Elias, Ross S Berkowitz
OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcomes of Brazilian patients with molar pregnancy who continue human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) surveillance with those treated with chemotherapy when hCG was still positive, but falling at 6months after uterine evacuation. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of 12,526 patients with hydatidiform mole treated at one of nine Brazilian reference centers from January 1990 to May 2016. RESULTS: At 6months from uterine evacuation, 96 (0...
September 15, 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
Ayman A Al-Talib
OBJECTIVES: To study the clinical presentation and treatment outcome of molar pregnancy at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Dammam, Saudi Arabia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Reviewed medical records of all molar pregnancy cases among all the deliveries at a tertiary care hospital in Dammam from 2005 to 2014, after approval by institutional ethical review committee. Data abstracted included patient's age, parity, presenting symptoms, gestational age at diagnosis, uterine size, ultrasonographic findings, BhCG level at the time of diagnosis and at follow-up after evacuation, and blood loss during evacuation...
September 2016: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
Maryam Rezaei, Ngoc Minh Phuong Nguyen, Leila Foroughinia, Pratima Dash, Fatemeh Ahmadpour, Ishwar Chandra Verma, Rima Slim, Majid Fardaei
Recurrent hydatidiform mole (RHM) is defined by the occurrence of repeated molar pregnancies in affected women. Two genes, NLRP7 and KHDC3L, play a causal role in RHM and are responsible for 48-80% and 5% of cases, respectively. Here, we report the results of screening these two genes for mutations in one Iranian and one Indian patient with RHM. No mutations in NLRP7 were identified in the two patients. KHDC3L sequencing identified two novel protein-truncating mutations in a homozygous state, a 4-bp deletion, c...
2016: Human Genome Variation
Helbert Eustáquio Cardoso da Silva, Erika do Socorro Ramos Costa, Antônio Carlos Quintão Medeiros, Paulo Sérgio Dos Santos Pereira
BACKGROUND: Ameloblastomas are rarely found in pregnant women, with only two cases reported in the scientific literature. We report the first case of ameloblastoma in a pregnant woman in Brazil. CASE PRESENTATION: A 27-year-old white woman, 12-weeks pregnant, presented with a large mass in her right posterior mandible. Panoramic radiography revealed a lesion involving her mandibular right first molar with displacement of her mandibular right third molar and impairment of the mandibular bone base...
2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Min Zhao, Yongxiang Yin, Jia Wei, Man Wu, Chaokuan Yang, Qi Chen
INTRODUCTION: Preeclampsia is currently thought to be induced by a placental factor that triggers maternal endothelial activation. It is now well known that trophoblastic debris shed from the placenta into the maternal blood is associated with this disease. Hydatidiform mole is a pathological pregnancy characterised by hyperplastic trophoblast with little or no fetal development. Women with molar pregnancies may exhibit symptoms resembling preeclampsia. Deportation of trophoblastic debris occurs in molar pregnancies but, whether trophoblastic debris from molar pregnancies expresses pathogenic signals or activates endothelial cells is unknown...
September 2016: Placenta
Jasmina Begum, Pallavee Palai, Seetesh Ghose
Gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD) is an abnormal proliferation of trophoblastic tissue during pregnancy. It is a disease of reproductive age, and a few cases have also been seen in women with advanced age, although it is extremely rare in postmenopausal women. Here, we describe an uncommon case of complete hydatidiform mole (CHM) in a postmenopausal woman, who has presented to us with complaints of bleeding per vagina, vomiting with 22 weeks size gravid uterus. Ultrasound finding along with raised serum beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-HCG) 400,000 mIU/ml suggested the diagnosis of CHM...
April 2016: Journal of Mid-life Health
Mohamed Ahmed Mostafa AboEllail, Mari Ishimura, Suraphan Sajapala, Kenta Yamamoto, Tamaki Tanaka, Emiko Nitta, Kenji Kanenishi, Toshiyuki Hata
We present our experience of using new 3-dimensional color/power Doppler sonography (HDliveFlow; GE Healthcare Japan, Tokyo, Japan) with the HD live silhouette mode for diagnosing complete molar pregnancy in the first trimester and differentiating it from missed abortion with hydropic degeneration. In the case of a complete mole, color Doppler sonography showed numerous vesicles without blood vessels, whereas HDliveFlow with the HD live silhouette mode clearly depicted these vesicles forming a mass with the clear demarcation of its edges and showed no blood flow inside the mass...
September 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Alexander Melamed, Allison A Gockley, Naima T Joseph, Sue Yazaki Sun, Mark A Clapp, Donald P Goldstein, Ross S Berkowitz, Neil S Horowitz
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the effect of race/ethnicity on risk of complete and partial molar pregnancy. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study including women who were followed for complete or partial mole and those who had a live singleton birth in a teaching hospital in the northeastern United States between 2000 and 2013. We calculated race/ethnicity-specific risk of complete and partial mole per 10,000 live births, and used logistic regression to estimate crude and age-adjusted relative risks (RR) of complete and partial mole...
October 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
Yeyi Zhu, Pauline Mendola, Paul S Albert, Wei Bao, Stefanie N Hinkle, Michael Y Tsai, Cuilin Zhang
The insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-axis may be implicated in glucose homeostasis, but its longitudinal profile across gestation in relation to the development of gestational diabetes (GDM) is largely unknown. We prospectively investigated IGF-axis biomarkers in early-to-mid pregnancy in relation to subsequent GDM risk in a case-control study of 107 GDM cases and 214 non-GDM controls, with blood samples collection at gestational weeks (GW) 10-14, 15-26, 23-31, and 33-39. Conditional logistic regression was used, adjusting for major risk factors including pre-pregnancy body mass index...
July 28, 2016: Diabetes
Min Chul Choi, Sang Geun Jung, Hyun Park, Won Duk Joo, Chan Lee, Je Ho Lee, Joon Mo Lee, Yoon Young Hwang, Seung Jo Kim
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinicopathologic features of placental site trophoblastic tumors (PSTTs) in Korea. METHODS/MATERIALS: Twenty patients given a diagnosis of PSTT in Korea (1990-2013) were evaluated retrospectively, including 14 patients identified through a literature review and 6 patients identified through a medical chart review of a single institution. The analysis included patient age, antecedent pregnancies, time since antecedent pregnancy, presenting symptoms, serum β-human chorionic gonadotropin level, International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage, treatment, outcome, and follow-up...
October 2016: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Reda Hemida, Helena van Doorn, Rosemary Fisher
Recurrent hydatidiform moles are defined by the occurrence of two or more molar pregnancies in the same patient. Familial recurrent hydatidiform moles (FRHM) is a rare autosomal recessive condition where women have an inherited predisposition to have molar pregnancies. Genotyping demonstrated that they are diploid and biparental. We report a case of FRHM from Egypt with a history of 6 recurrent complete moles. Sequencing of the NLPR7 gene revealed a deleterious homozygous base change in exon 2, c.197G>A, which would result in a truncated protein p...
September 2016: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Beenish Rahat, Shilpa Thakur, Rashmi Bagga, Jyotdeep Kaur
INTRODUCTION: Development of normal placenta requires regulated apoptosis of trophoblasts. However, uncontrolled apoptosis has been seen in the pregnancy related complications like hydatidiform mole and pre-eclampsia. STAT5A is a transcription factor with well-known anti-apoptotic role. Thus, we sought to study the role of STAT5A and its epigenetic regulation in placental development and pathologies and its use as fetal DNA epigenetic marker. METHODS: The present study was conducted on pregnant women who were enrolled in five groups, based on the three trimesters in normal pregnancy and two pregnancy related disorder groups: pre-eclampsia and hydatidiform mole...
August 2016: Placenta
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