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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405612/risk-scoring-tool-to-predict-respiratory-syncytial-virus-hospitalisation-in-premature-infants
#1
Maarten O Blanken, Bosco Paes, Evan J Anderson, Marcello Lanari, Margaret Sheridan-Pereira, Scot Buchan, John R Fullarton, ElizaBeth Grubb, Gerard Notario, Barry S Rodgers-Gray, Xavier Carbonell-Estrany
BACKGROUND: The objective was to develop a risk scoring tool which predicts respiratory syncytial virus hospitalisation (RSVH) in moderate-late preterm infants (32-35 weeks' gestational age) in the Northern Hemisphere. METHODS: Risk factors for RSVH were pooled from six observational studies of infants born 32 weeks and 0 days to 35 weeks and 6 days without comorbidity from 2000 to 2014. Of 13 475 infants, 484 had RSVH in the first year of life. Logistic regression was used to identify the most predictive risk factors, based on area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC)...
February 6, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394912/education-and-indoor-smoking-among-parents-who-smoke-the-mediating-role-of-perceived-social-norms-of-smoking
#2
Junko Saito, Akira Shibanuma, Junko Yasuoka, Naoki Kondo, Daisuke Takagi, Masamine Jimba
BACKGROUND: Parents with less formal education are more likely to smoke indoors, causing socioeconomic disparity in children's exposure to second-hand smoke. However, little is known about the roles of social factors in the socioeconomic gradients of indoor smoking. We tested the potential mediating role of perceived smoking norms on the associations between education and indoor smoking among parents who smoke. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 822 smoking fathers and 823 smoking mothers, who lived with young children and were members of a Japanese online survey panel, participated...
February 2, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386032/recruiting-families-for-an-intervention-study-to-prevent-second-hand-smoke-exposure-in-children
#3
Sasha G Hutchinson, Constant P van Schayck, Jean W M Muris, Frans J M Feron, Edward Dompeling
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the effectiveness of different recruitment strategies used in a study aimed at eliminating/reducing second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure in Dutch children 0-13 years of age with a high risk of asthma. METHODS: The different strategies include: 1) questionnaires distributed via home addresses, physicians or schools of the children; 2) cohorts from other paediatric studies; 3) physicians working in the paediatric field (family physicians, paediatricians and Youth Health Care (YHC) physicians); and 4) advertisements in a local newsletter, at child-care facilities, and day-care centres...
January 31, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382157/factors-associated-with-cigarette-smoking-and-motivation-to-quit-among-street-food-sellers-in-vietnam
#4
Xuan Thanh Thi Le, Lien Thi To, Huong Thi Le, Hanh Duc Hoang, Khanh Nam Do, Cuong Tat Nguyen, Bach Xuan Tran, Huyen Phuc Do, Luong Thanh Nguyen, Carl A Latkin, Melvyn W B Zhang, Roger C M Ho
Since 2013, smoke-free signs in public places, including in restaurants and food stores, have been introduced in Vietnam, aiming to prevent passive smoking. Although extensive research has been carried out on second-hand smoking among clients in public places (e.g., hospitals, restaurants) in Vietnam, no single study exists which captures the current practice of smoking among street food outlets. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of smoking and identify factors associated with smoking status and cessation motivation amongst food sellers in Vietnam...
January 29, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370342/invited-commentary-second-hand-smoke-is-an-under-recognized-risk-factor-for-cognitive-decline
#5
Kaarin J Anstey, Ruoling Chen
Pan et al. report findings showing that second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure is associated with cognitive decline over two years in both middle-aged and older Chinese women who never smoked and also report a dose-response relationship. SHS exposure affects vulnerable people disproportionately as they have less control or choice over their living and working environment. Smoking is an established risk factor for dementia, but recent evidence reports on dementia risk increase have not included SHS. Many epidemiologic studies collect data on smoking but not SHS exposure...
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370330/response-to-invited-commentary-second-hand-smoke-is-an-under-recognized-risk-for-cognitive-decline
#6
Xi Pan, Ye Luo, Amy Restorick Roberts
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29365970/sex-specific-relationship-between-cotinine-verified-second-hand-smoke-exposure-and-diabetes-in-85-697-never-smokers
#7
Byung Jin Kim, Jin Min Han, Jun Hyung Do, Bum Soo Kim, Jin Ho Kang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319726/second-hand-tobacco-smoke-adversely-affects-the-bone-of-immature-rats
#8
Rodrigo César Rosa, Sângela Cunha Pereira, Fabrizio Antônio Gomide Cardoso, Abadio Gonçalves Caetano, Hildemberg Agostinho Rocha de Santiago, José Batista Volpon
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the influence of secondhand cigarette smoke exposure on longitudinal growth of the tibia of growing rats and some parameters of bone quality. METHODS: Forty female rats were randomly divided into four groups: control: rats were sham exposed; 30 days: rats were exposed to tobacco smoke for 30 days; 45 days: rats were exposed to tobacco smoke for 45 days; and 60 days: rats were exposed to tobacco smoke for 60 days. Blood samples were collected to evaluate the levels of cotinine and alkaline phosphatase...
December 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314668/second-hand-smoke-prevalence-in-252-regions-of-south-korea-in-three-exposure-locations
#9
Li-Yuan Sun, Jae-Hyun Park
PURPOSE: The association between regional contextual factors and second-hand smoke (SHS) prevalence is important, but is unclear. This study investigated the changes of SHS prevalence from 2011 to 2013 and explored the correlations of SHS prevalence and regional contextual factors by exposure location. METHODS: The data were obtained from the 2011 and 2013 Korean Community Health Survey and the Development of Health Indicators for Community Health Ranking report...
January 5, 2018: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295483/differences-between-dual-users-and-switchers-center-around-vaping-behavior-and-its-experiences-rather-than-beliefs-and-attitudes
#10
Karolien Adriaens, Dinska Van Gucht, Frank Baeyens
(1) Background: Many smokers completely switch to vaping (switchers), whereas others use e-cigarettes (e-cigs) alongside tobacco cigarettes (dual users). To the extent that dual users substantially lower the number of cigarettes, they will reduce health risks from smoking. However, from a medical point of view, exclusive vaping is preferable to dual use; (2) Methods: Using an online questionnaire we assessed behavioral, cognitive and attitudinal aspects of e-cig use in smoking and ex-smoking vapers; (3) Results: Our sample consisted of 19% dual users and 81% switchers...
December 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258185/do-clinicians-ask-pregnant-women-about-exposures-to-tobacco-and-cannabis-smoking-second-hand-smoke-and-e-cigarettes-an-australian-national-cross-sectional-survey
#11
Gillian S Gould, Yael Bar Zeev, Laura Tywman, Christopher Oldmeadow, Simon Chiu, Marilyn Clarke, Billie Bonevski
Clinicians often ask pregnant women about tobacco smoking, but their practices of asking about other smoking and nicotine exposures are unknown. This study analysed how often clinicians ask pregnant women about their use of e-cigarettes, cannabis, chewing tobacco, and second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure. Two cross-sectional surveys were undertaken. A random sample of 500 General Practitioner (GP) members were invited from the National Faculty of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health (NFATSIH) to complete an on-line survey, and 5571 GP and Obstetrician (OBS) members of the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RANZCOG) were sent a paper survey by mail...
December 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236092/paternal-smoking-and-maternal-protective-behaviors-at-home-on-infant-s-saliva-cotinine-levels
#12
Man-Ping Wang, Yi-Nam Suen, Bonny Yee-Man Wong, William Ho-Cheung Li, David Soo-Quee Koh, Tai-Hing Lam, Sophia Siu-Chee Chan
BackgroundWe investigated the association between paternal smoking, avoidance behaviors and maternal protective actions and smoke-free home rules with infant's saliva cotinine in Hong Kong.MethodsSix hundred and seventy-five non-smoking mothers (mean age 32.6 years) who attended the maternal-child health clinics with their newborns aged ≤18 months completed a questionnaire about paternal smoking and avoidance behaviors, maternal protective actions, smoke-free rules at home, and infant's second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure...
December 13, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235189/predictors-of-smoking-cessation-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Muhammad Riaz, Sarah Lewis, Felix Naughton, Michael Ussher
AIM: To identify factors found in the research literature to be associated with smoking cessation in pregnancy. METHODS: Electronic searches of the bibliographic databases of PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Elsevier, Scopus and ISI Web of Science were conducted to April 2017. All studies reporting factors associated with smoking cessation or continuing smoking during pregnancy were included and systematically reviewed, irrespective of study design. The Newcastle Ottawa Quality Assessment Scale was used to assess the study quality...
December 13, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234509/assessing-the-second-hand-effects-of-a-new-no-smoking-policy-in-an-acute-mental-health-trust
#14
Benjamin Ian Perry, Katherine Meehan, Ashok Kumar Jainer
Aims and method To examine whether a new no-smoking policy in an in-patient mental health setting had any effects outside of smoking cessation. Our hypothesis stated that a forced smoking ban for in-patients may result in an increased susceptibility for clinical incidents, aggression and lower admission rates. All patients admitted to adult in-patient mental health services in Coventry and Warwickshire Partnership NHS Trust were included in the analysis. Data 6 months post-implementation of the smoking policy (1 July 2015 to 1 January 2016) were compared with the same period 1 year prior (1 July 2014 to 1 January 2015)...
December 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228385/secondhand-smoke-exposure-in-primary-school-children-a-survey-in-dhaka-bangladesh
#15
Sarwat Shah, Mona Kanaan, Rumana Huque, Aziz Sheikh, Omara Dogar, Heather Thomson, Steve Parrott, Kamran Siddiqi
Introduction: We report on second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure based on saliva cotinine levels among children in Bangladesh-a country with laws against smoking in public places. Methods: A survey of primary school children from two areas of the Dhaka district was conducted in 2015. Participants completed a questionnaire and provided saliva samples for cotinine measurement to assess SHS exposure with a cut-off range of ≥0.1ng/mL. Results: Four hundred and eighty-one children studying in year-5 were recruited from 12 primary schools...
December 7, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226456/cigarette-smoke-extract-induces-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-cell-invasion-in-a-receptor-for-advanced-glycation-end-products-dependent-manner
#16
Steven Chapman, Madison Mick, Parker Hall, Camilo Mejia, Stephanie Sue, Bihishta Abdul Wase, Margaret A Nguyen, Evan C Whisenant, Shalene H Wilcox, Duane Winden, Paul R Reynolds, Juan A Arroyo
Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) affects approximately 30,000 people and is associated with tobacco use. Little is known about the mechanistic effects of second-hand smoke in the development of OSSC. The receptor for advanced glycation end-products (RAGE) is a surface receptor that is upregulated by second-hand smoke and inhibited by semi-synthetic glycosaminoglycan ethers (SAGEs). Our objective was to determine the role of RAGE during cigarette smoke extract-induced cellular responses and to use SAGEs as a modulating factor of Ca9-22 OSCC cell invasion...
December 11, 2017: European Journal of Oral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222878/non-communicable-diseases-food-and-nutrition-in-vietnam-from-1975-to-2015-the-burden-and-national-response
#17
Tuan T Nguyen, Minh V Hoang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This review manuscript examines the burden and national response to non-communicable diseases (NCDs), food and nutrition security in Vietnam from 1975 to 2015. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We extracted data from peer-reviewed manuscripts and reports of nationally representative surveys and related policies in Vietnam. RESULTS: In 2010, NCDs accounted for 318,000 deaths (72% of total deaths), 6.7 million years of life lost, and 14 million disability-adjusted life years in Vietnam...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192095/health-effects-of-exposure-to-second-and-third-hand-marijuana-smoke-a-systematic-review
#18
Hannah Holitzki, Laura E Dowsett, Eldon Spackman, Tom Noseworthy, Fiona Clement
BACKGROUND: Recreational marijuana has been legalized in 11 jurisdictions; Canada will legalize marijuana by July 2018. With this changing landscape, there is a need to understand the public health risks associated with marijuana to support patient-care provider conversations, harm-reduction measures and evidence-informed policy. The objective of this work was to summarize the health effects of exposure to second- and third-hand marijuana smoke. METHODS: In this systematic review, we searched 6 databases from inception to October 2017...
November 24, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173444/combined-effects-of-multiple-risk-factors-on-asthma-in-school-aged-children
#19
Sylvia S Szentpetery, Olena Gruzieva, Erick Forno, Yueh-Ying Han, Anna Bergström, Inger Kull, Edna Acosta-Pérez, Angel Colón-Semidey, Maria Alvarez, Glorisa J Canino, Erik Melén, Juan C Celedón
BACKGROUND: Little is known about synergistic effects of several risk factors on asthma. We developed a risk score in Puerto Rican children, and then used this score to estimate the combined effects of multiple risk factors on asthma at school age in Puerto Rican and Swedish children. METHODS: Case-control study in 609 Puerto Rican children (aged 6-14 years) and longitudinal birth cohort study of 2290 Swedish children followed up to age 12 years (The Children, Allergy, Milieu, Stockholm, Epidemiological Survey [BAMSE] Study)...
December 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168590/clustering-patterns-of-oral-and-general-health-risk-behaviours-in-brazilian-adolescents-findings-from-a-national-survey
#20
Lidia M R Jordão, Deborah C Malta, Maria do Carmo M Freire
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate how oral and general health-risk behaviours cluster among Brazilian adolescents. METHODS: The study comprised a total of 109 104 adolescents (52.2% female) participating in the Brazilian National School-based Student Health Survey (PeNSE). Seventeen behaviours (including diet; oral and hand hygiene; frequency of dental visits; tobacco, alcohol and drug use; sexual behaviour; physical activity, and risk for external causes) were measured using a self-reported questionnaire...
November 23, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
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