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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166283/metalloproteinase-9-contributes-to-endothelial-dysfunction-in-atherosclerosis-via-protease-activated-receptor-1
#1
Jon M Florence, Agnieszka Krupa, Laela M Booshehri, Timothy C Allen, Anna K Kurdowska
The atherosclerotic process begins when vascular endothelial cells undergo pro-inflammatory changes such as aberrant activation to dysfunctional phenotypes and apoptosis, leading to loss of vascular integrity. Our laboratory has demonstrated that exposure of mice to second hand smoke triggers an increase in expression of metalloproteinase-9. Further, metalloproteinase-9 released by second hand smoke-activated leukocytes may propagate pro-atherogenic alterations in endothelial cells. We have shown that levels of metalloproteinase-9 were increased in the plasma from apolipoprotein E deficient (ApoE-/-) mice exposed to second hand smoke relative to non-exposed controls...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156599/differences-in-perceptions-of-smoking-and-second-hand-smoke-shs-in-palliative-and-nonpalliative-patients-with-cancer
#2
Devon Alton, Jie Su, Yuyao Song, Delaram Farzanfar, Olivia Krys, Tom Yoannidis, Robin Milne, M Catherine Brown, Andrew J Hope, Doris Howell, Jennifer M Jones, Peter Selby, Wei Xu, David Paul Goldstein, Meredith Elana Giuliani, Geoffrey Liu, Lawson Eng
: 251 Background: With improvements in cancer therapies, palliative patients with cancer now enjoy improved and sometimes prolonged survival. Continued smoking after a cancer diagnosis negatively impacts treatment response/toxicities, survival and quality of life and is influenced by SHS exposure. Little is known about the perceptions of palliative patients with cancer in comparison to patients who are considered potentially curative, on smoking after a cancer diagnosis and of SHS exposure...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150141/role-of-second-hand-smoke-shs-induced-proteostasis-autophagy-impairment-in-pediatric-lung-diseases
#3
Neel Patel, Christopher D Trumph, Manish Bodas, Neeraj Vij
BACKGROUND: Exposure to second-hand tobacco smoke (SHS) is one of the prime risk factors for chronic lung disease development. Smoking during pregnancy may lead to birth defects in the newborn that include pulmonary dysfunction, increased susceptibility to opportunistic pathogens, or initiation of childhood respiratory manifestations such as bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Moreover, exposure to SHS in early childhood can have negative impact on lung health, although the exact mechanisms are unclear...
December 2017: Molecular and Cellular Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091981/environmental-pollutants-limitations-in-physical-functioning-and-frailty-in-older-adults
#4
REVIEW
Esther García-Esquinas, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Frailty is an age-related syndrome characterized by reductions in strength, endurance, and physiologic function that increase an individual's vulnerability for developing dependence or death. Extensive research is currently being conducted to determine preventable risk factors and mechanistic pathways of frailty. This review summarizes the existing evidence on the potential associations between environmental pollutants, limitations in physical functioning, and frailty among older adults...
January 16, 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087957/cardiovascular-risk-assessment-between-urban-and-rural-population-in-malaysia
#5
I Noor Hassim, M R Norazman, M Diana, Y Khairul Hazdi, I Rosnah
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) caused significant burden to Malaysia as it accounted for 36% of total deaths. This study aims to evaluate the burden of cardiovascular risk factors among Malaysian adult and assess the difference between urban and rural population in the selected communities. METHODS: This study is part of the ongoing Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) database, whereby the baseline data were collected since June 2008. CVD risk was measured using INTERHEART risk score which comprised of eleven risk factors i...
December 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074306/second-and-thirdhand-smoke-exposure-attitudes-and-protective-practices-results-from-a-survey-of-hispanic-residents-in-multi-unit-housing
#6
Angelica Delgado-Rendon, Tess Boley Cruz, Daniel Soto, Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati, Jennifer B Unger
Secondhand and third hand smoke (SHS, THS) exposure is prevalent in multi-unit housing (MUH). Minorities and low-income MUH residents are disproportionally exposed to SHS and THS compared to other populations. This study describes the characteristics, attitudes, knowledge, and behaviors related to SHS, THS and marijuana smoke exposure (MSHS) of a sample of Hispanic tenants in randomly selected MUH units in eastern metro Los Angeles (n = 402). Although most participants (97%) banned smoking inside their homes, 80% reported infiltration of SHS inside their apartments within the last year...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018870/cancer-incidence-attributable-to-tobacco-in-alberta-canada-in-2012
#7
Abbey E Poirier, Anne Grundy, Farah Khandwala, Sierra Tamminen, Christine M Friedenreich, Darren R Brenner
BACKGROUND: Strong and consistent epidemiologic evidence shows that tobacco smoking causes cancers at various sites. The purpose of this study was to quantify the proportion and total number of site-specific cancers in Alberta attributable to tobacco exposure. METHODS: The proportion of incident cancer cases attributable to active and passive tobacco exposure in Alberta was estimated with population attributable risks. Data from the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) for 2000-2007 were used to estimate prevalence of active (current or former smoker) and passive (second-hand smoke) tobacco exposure in Alberta...
October 2016: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002498/a-systematic-literature-review-of-self-reported-smoking-cessation-counseling-by-primary-care-physicians
#8
Anna-Lena Bartsch, Martin Härter, Jasmin Niedrich, Anna Levke Brütt, Angela Buchholz
Tobacco consumption is a risk factor for chronic diseases and worldwide around six million people die from long-term exposure to first- or second-hand smoke annually. One effective approach to tobacco control is smoking cessation counseling by primary care physicians. However, research suggests that smoking cessation counseling is not sufficiently implemented in primary care. In order to understand and address the discrepancy between evidence and practice, an overview of counseling practices is needed. Therefore, the aim of this systematic literature review is to assess the frequency of smoking cessation counseling in primary care...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968918/behaviours-in-avoiding-indoor-exposure-to-second-hand-smoke-among-pregnant-women-in-five-geographical-areas-of-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Xianglong Xu, Yunshuang Rao, Manoj Sharma, Jeff J Guo, Yong Zhao
BACKGROUND: Second-hand smoke is a major indoor pollutant that causes serious health problems, especially for pregnant women. The 2010 Global Adult Tobacco Survey in China reported that 65·1% of non-smoking women of childbearing age were exposed to second-hand smoke at home and 52·6% were exposed in the workplace. This study aimed to probe behaviours in avoiding indoor second-hand smoke exposure induced by different intimate relationships among pregnant women in China. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 2345 pregnant women aged 18 years and older surveyed in person by investigators from June 1, to Aug 31, 2015, from 16 hospitals in five provinces of Mainland China (Chongqing, Chengdu, Zunyi, Liaocheng, and Tianjin)...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968866/associations-between-body-mass-index-and-second-hand-smoke-exposure-and-stroke-recurrence-in-chinese-patients-in-xi-an-shantou-and-chongqing-a-multicentre-cross-sectional-survey
#10
Doris Y P Leung, Eliza M L Wong, Aileen W K Chan, Yong Zhao, Janet W H Sit
BACKGROUND: Recurrence of stroke is common and it affects quality of life, mobility, and mortality rates of stroke survivors. Previous studies have shown a paradoxical association between body mass index (BMI) and post-stroke mortality, and a dose-dependent association between second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure and risk of stroke. But the associations between BMI, SHS exposure, and stroke recurrence are unclear. We aimed to examine these associations in stroke survivors. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey was done in Xi'an, Shantou, and Chongqing...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966669/asthma-diagnosis-in-a-child-and-cessation-of-smoking-in-the-child-s-home-the-piama-birth-cohort
#11
Alet H Wijga, Maarten Schipper, Bert Brunekreef, Gerard H Koppelman, Ulrike Gehring
Second hand smoke (SHS) exposure is associated with increased incidence and severity of childhood asthma. We investigated whether, in turn, asthma diagnosis in a child is associated with cessation of smoking exposure in the child's home. In the PIAMA birth cohort (n=3963), parents reported on smoking in their home and on asthma diagnosis in their child, annually from birth to 8 years. We used generalized estimating equations to assess the association between asthma diagnosis in a child and cessation of smoking in the child's home...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960574/prevalence-of-intrabony-defects-in-a-swedish-adult-population-a-radiographic-epidemiological-study
#12
Uday Najim, Ola Norderyd
AIM: The purpose of this radiographic study was to evaluate the prevalence of intrabony defects and to study the correlation between these defects and clinical variables in a Swedish adult population. Another aim was to study the combined relationship of intrabony defects and furcation involvement with clinical variables. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was performed using bitewing and apical radiographs from 329 subjects. The clinical and radiographic data were collected from the study that was carried out in Jönköping 2003...
March 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927849/the-effect-of-serum-vitamin-d-levels-on-ovarian-reserve-markers-a-prospective-cross-sectional-study
#13
Panagiotis Drakopoulos, Arne van de Vijver, Valerie Schutyser, Stevan Milatovic, Ellen Anckaert, Johan Schiettecatte, Christophe Blockeel, Michel Camus, Herman Tournaye, Nikolaos P Polyzos
STUDY QUESTION: Is there any association between serum 25-OH vitamin D levels and ovarian reserve markers in infertile women? SUMMARY ANSWER: Vitamin D is not associated with the ovarian reserve markers, anti-mullerian hormone (AMH) and antral follicle count (AFC), in infertile women. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The mechanism underlying the relationship between vitamin D deficiency and reproduction is still unclear; however, evidence indicates a potential direct negative impact on ovarian function...
January 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861497/association-between-second-hand-smoking-and-laryngopathy-in-the-general-population-of-south-korea
#14
Haewon Byeon, Dongwoo Lee, Sunghyoun Cho
PURPOSE: The relationship between second-hand smoking and laryngopathy has not yet been reported. Thus, this study investigates the relationship between second-hand smoking and laryngopathy and suggests basic empirical data to prevent laryngopathy. METHODS: This study analyzed 1,905 non-smokers over the age of 19 (269 men and 1,636 women) who completed the health questionnaire, laryngeal endoscope test, and urine cotinine test in the 2008 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853176/smoke-free-legislation-and-child-health
#15
REVIEW
Timor Faber, Jasper V Been, Irwin K Reiss, Johan P Mackenbach, Aziz Sheikh
In this paper, we aim to present an overview of the scientific literature on the link between smoke-free legislation and early-life health outcomes. Exposure to second-hand smoke is responsible for an estimated 166 ,000 child deaths each year worldwide. To protect people from tobacco smoke, the World Health Organization recommends the implementation of comprehensive smoke-free legislation that prohibits smoking in all public indoor spaces, including workplaces, bars and restaurants. The implementation of such legislation has been found to reduce tobacco smoke exposure, encourage people to quit smoking and improve adult health outcomes...
November 17, 2016: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845946/global-trends-in-suicide-epidemiology
#16
Mark Sinyor, Robyn Tse, Jane Pirkis
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Suicide is a major cause of mortality accounting for nearly 1 million deaths globally per year. Suicide occurs throughout the lifespan; therefore, large epidemiological samples are needed to identify patterns in suicide death. This review examines emerging evidence relating to risk and protective factors as well as preventive measures for suicide. RECENT FINDINGS: The global financial crisis, natural disasters, air pollution and second-hand smoke have all been associated with increased suicide rates...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834841/-he-doesn-t-listen-to-my-words-at-all-so-i-don-t-tell-him-anything-a-qualitative-investigation-on-exposure-to-second-hand-smoke-among-pregnant-women-their-husbands-and-family-members-from-rural-bangladesh-and-urban-india
#17
Cath Jackson, Rumana Huque, Veena Satyanarayana, Shammi Nasreen, Manpreet Kaur, Deepa Barua, Prashanta Nath Bhowmik, Mithila Guha, Mukesh Dherani, Atif Rahman, Kamran Siddiqi, Prabha S Chandra
Second hand smoke (SHS) exposure during pregnancy is associated with poor pregnancy and fetal outcomes. To design interventions to reduce exposure, an in depth understanding of social and cultural factors of smoking behavior at home is important, especially in South Asia where SHS exposure is high. This study aimed to explore pregnant women's, their husbands' and other family members' knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding home SHS exposure. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 33 participants in Comilla, Bangladesh and 31 in Bangalore, India (36 pregnant women, 18 husbands, and 10 family members)...
November 8, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816434/exposure-to-environmental-chemicals-among-korean-adults-updates-from-the-second-korean-national-environmental-health-survey-2012-2014
#18
Wookhee Choi, Suejin Kim, Yong-Wook Baek, Kyungho Choi, Keejae Lee, Sungkyoon Kim, Seung Do Yu, Kyunghee Choi
National biomonitoring program can offer solid scientific evidence on exposure profiles of environmental chemicals at a national level, and provide a snapshot of changing exposure level over time. Therefore, several countries have maintained such programs for developing environmental health policies. The Korean National Environmental Health Survey (KoNEHS) was designed to understand the level of human exposure to environmental chemicals by time and location, and to identify possible sources of such exposure...
October 11, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811157/income-inequality-and-us-children-s-secondhand-smoke-exposure-distinct-associations-by-race-ethnicity
#19
Edmond D Shenassa, Lauren M Rossen, Jonathan Cohen, Rachel Morello-Frosch, Devon C Payne-Sturges
INTRODUCTION: Prior studies have found considerable racial and ethnic disparities in secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure. Although a number of individual-level determinants of this disparity have been identified, contextual determinants of racial and ethnic disparities in SHS exposure remain unexamined. The objective of this study was to examine disparities in serum cotinine in relation to area-level income inequality among 14 649 children from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
November 3, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808663/maternal-smoking-location-at-home-and-hospitalization-for-respiratory-tract-infections-among-children-in-japan
#20
Michiyo Yamakawa, Takashi Yorifuji, Tsuguhiko Kato, Toshihide Tsuda, Hiroyuki Doi
We examined the effects of maternal smoking location at home on hospitalization for respiratory tract infections among young children in Japan. We used the large nationwide population-based longitudinal survey and restricted study participants to children born after 37 gestational weeks and singleton births (n = 43,851). We evaluated the associations among children between the ages of 6 and 18 months and between the ages of 18 and 30 months, respectively. After adjusting for potential confounders, both maternal outdoor and indoor smoking were associated with the elevated risk...
November 3, 2016: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
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