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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236092/paternal-smoking-and-maternal-protective-behaviors-at-home-on-infant-s-saliva-cotinine-levels
#1
Man-Ping Wang, Yi-Nam Suen, Bonny Yee-Man Wong, William Ho-Cheung Li, David Soo-Quee Koh, Tai-Hing Lam, Sophia Siu-Chee Chan
BackgroundWe investigated the association between paternal smoking, avoidance behaviors and maternal protective actions and smoke-free home rules with infant's saliva cotinine in Hong Kong.MethodsSix hundred and seventy-five non-smoking mothers (mean age 32.6 years) who attended the maternal-child health clinics with their newborns aged ≤18 months completed a questionnaire about paternal smoking and avoidance behaviors, maternal protective actions, smoke-free rules at home, and infant's second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure...
December 13, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235189/predictors-of-smoking-cessation-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Muhammad Riaz, Sarah Lewis, Felix Naughton, Michael Ussher
AIM: To identify factors found in the research literature to be associated with smoking cessation in pregnancy. METHODS: Electronic searches of the bibliographic databases of PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Elsevier, Scopus and ISI Web of Science were conducted to April 2017. All studies reporting factors associated with smoking cessation or continuing smoking during pregnancy were included and systematically reviewed, irrespective of study design. The Newcastle Ottawa Quality Assessment Scale was used to assess the study quality...
December 13, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234509/assessing-the-second-hand-effects-of-a-new-no-smoking-policy-in-an-acute-mental-health-trust
#3
Benjamin Ian Perry, Katherine Meehan, Ashok Kumar Jainer
Aims and method To examine whether a new no-smoking policy in an in-patient mental health setting had any effects outside of smoking cessation. Our hypothesis stated that a forced smoking ban for in-patients may result in an increased susceptibility for clinical incidents, aggression and lower admission rates. All patients admitted to adult in-patient mental health services in Coventry and Warwickshire Partnership NHS Trust were included in the analysis. Data 6 months post-implementation of the smoking policy (1 July 2015 to 1 January 2016) were compared with the same period 1 year prior (1 July 2014 to 1 January 2015)...
December 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228385/secondhand-smoke-exposure-in-primary-school-children-a-survey-in-dhaka-bangladesh
#4
Sarwat Shah, Mona Kanaan, Rumana Huque, Aziz Sheikh, Omara Dogar, Heather Thomson, Steve Parrott, Kamran Siddiqi
Introduction: We report on second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure based on saliva cotinine levels among children in Bangladesh-a country with laws against smoking in public places. Methods: A survey of primary school children from two areas of the Dhaka district was conducted in 2015. Participants completed a questionnaire and provided saliva samples for cotinine measurement to assess SHS exposure with a cut-off range of ≥0.1ng/mL. Results: Four hundred and eighty-one children studying in year-5 were recruited from 12 primary schools...
December 7, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226456/cigarette-smoke-extract-induces-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-cell-invasion-in-a-receptor-for-advanced-glycation-end-products-dependent-manner
#5
Steven Chapman, Madison Mick, Parker Hall, Camilo Mejia, Stephanie Sue, Bihishta Abdul Wase, Margaret A Nguyen, Evan C Whisenant, Shalene H Wilcox, Duane Winden, Paul R Reynolds, Juan A Arroyo
Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) affects approximately 30,000 people and is associated with tobacco use. Little is known about the mechanistic effects of second-hand smoke in the development of OSSC. The receptor for advanced glycation end-products (RAGE) is a surface receptor that is upregulated by second-hand smoke and inhibited by semi-synthetic glycosaminoglycan ethers (SAGEs). Our objective was to determine the role of RAGE during cigarette smoke extract-induced cellular responses and to use SAGEs as a modulating factor of Ca9-22 OSCC cell invasion...
December 11, 2017: European Journal of Oral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222878/non-communicable-diseases-food-and-nutrition-in-vietnam-from-1975-to-2015-the-burden-and-national-response
#6
Tuan T Nguyen, Minh V Hoang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This review manuscript examines the burden and national response to non-communicable diseases (NCDs), food and nutrition security in Vietnam from 1975 to 2015. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We extracted data from peer-reviewed manuscripts and reports of nationally representative surveys and related policies in Vietnam. RESULTS: In 2010, NCDs accounted for 318,000 deaths (72% of total deaths), 6.7 million years of life lost, and 14 million disability-adjusted life years in Vietnam...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192095/health-effects-of-exposure-to-second-and-third-hand-marijuana-smoke-a-systematic-review
#7
Hannah Holitzki, Laura E Dowsett, Eldon Spackman, Tom Noseworthy, Fiona Clement
BACKGROUND: Recreational marijuana has been legalized in 11 jurisdictions; Canada will legalize marijuana by July 2018. With this changing landscape, there is a need to understand the public health risks associated with marijuana to support patient-care provider conversations, harm-reduction measures and evidence-informed policy. The objective of this work was to summarize the health effects of exposure to second- and third-hand marijuana smoke. METHODS: In this systematic review, we searched 6 databases from inception to October 2017...
November 24, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173444/combined-effects-of-multiple-risk-factors-on-asthma-in-school-aged-children
#8
Sylvia S Szentpetery, Olena Gruzieva, Erick Forno, Yueh-Ying Han, Anna Bergström, Inger Kull, Edna Acosta-Pérez, Angel Colón-Semidey, Maria Alvarez, Glorisa J Canino, Erik Melén, Juan C Celedón
BACKGROUND: Little is known about synergistic effects of several risk factors on asthma. We developed a risk score in Puerto Rican children, and then used this score to estimate the combined effects of multiple risk factors on asthma at school age in Puerto Rican and Swedish children. METHODS: Case-control study in 609 Puerto Rican children (aged 6-14 years) and longitudinal birth cohort study of 2290 Swedish children followed up to age 12 years (The Children, Allergy, Milieu, Stockholm, Epidemiological Survey [BAMSE] Study)...
December 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168590/clustering-patterns-of-oral-and-general-health-risk-behaviours-in-brazilian-adolescents-findings-from-a-national-survey
#9
Lidia M R Jordão, Deborah C Malta, Maria do Carmo M Freire
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate how oral and general health-risk behaviours cluster among Brazilian adolescents. METHODS: The study comprised a total of 109 104 adolescents (52.2% female) participating in the Brazilian National School-based Student Health Survey (PeNSE). Seventeen behaviours (including diet; oral and hand hygiene; frequency of dental visits; tobacco, alcohol and drug use; sexual behaviour; physical activity, and risk for external causes) were measured using a self-reported questionnaire...
November 23, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162997/association-between-employer-s-knowledge-and-attitude-towards-smoking-cessation-and-voluntary-promotion-in-workplace-a-survey-study
#10
Man Ping Wang, William Ho Cheung Li, Yi Nam Suen, Ka Ching Cheung, Oi Sze Lau, Tai Hing Lam, Sophia Siu Chee Chan
Background: Workplace smoking cessation (SC) intervention is effective in increasing quit rate but little was known about the factors associated with voluntary SC promotion. Comprehensive smoke-free legislation, including banning smoking in all indoor area of workplaces, has been enforced in Hong Kong. This survey investigated the prevalence of company's compliance with smoke-free legislation and examined the relation between voluntary SC promotion in workplace and employer's knowledge of and attitude towards smoking and SC...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149286/economic-costs-attributable-to-smoking-in-hong-kong-in-2011-a-possible-increase-from-1998
#11
Jing Chen, Sarah McGhee, Tai Hing Lam
Background: Reduction in smoking prevalence does not necessarily reduce the costs of smoking as evidence shows in developed countries. We provide up-to-date estimates for direct and indirect costs attributable to smoking in Hong Kong in 2011 and compare with our 1998 estimates. Methods: We took a societal perspective to include lives and life years lost, health care costs and time lost from work in the costing. We followed guidelines on estimating costs of active smoking for those aged 35 years or above (35+) and costs due to SHS exposure for 35+, infants aged 12 months and under and children aged 15 and below...
November 15, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137602/behaviour-change-interventions-to-reduce-second-hand-smoke-exposure-at-home-in-pregnant-women-a-systematic-review-and-intervention-appraisal
#12
Mukesh Dherani, Syeda Nosheen Zehra, Cath Jackson, Veena Satyanaryana, Rumana Huque, Prabha Chandra, Atif Rahman, Kamran Siddiqi
BACKGROUND: Second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure during pregnancy is associated with poor pregnancy and foetal outcomes. Theory-based behaviour change interventions (BCI) have been used successfully to change smoking related behaviours and offer the potential to reduce exposure of SHS in pregnant women. Systematic reviews conducted so far do not evaluate the generalisability and scalability of interventions. The objectives of this review were to (1) report the BCIs for reduction in home exposure to SHS for pregnant women; and (2) critically appraise intervention-reporting, generalisability, feasibility and scalability of the BCIs employed...
November 14, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134653/association-between-environmental-factors-including-second-hand-smoke-and-primary-lung-cancer-in-dogs
#13
A Zierenberg-Ripoll, R E Pollard, S L Stewart, S D Allstadt, L E Barrett, J M Gillem, K A Skorupski
OBJECTIVES: To estimate prevalence of exposure to environmental tobacco smoke and other environmental toxins in dogs with primary lung tumours and to analyse association between exposure and lung tumour development. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this case-control study, an owner survey was developed to collect data on patient characteristics, general health care and environmental exposures. Dogs diagnosed with primary lung carcinomas formed the Case group. Dogs diagnosed with mast cell tumours served as Control Group 1 and dogs diagnosed with neurologic disease served as Control Group 2...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133917/validation-of-self-reported-smoking-with-urinary-cotinine-levels-and-influence-of-second-hand-smoke-among-conscripts
#14
Yu-Lung Chiu, Shu-Jia Huang, Ching-Huang Lai, Chung-Chi Huang, Shiang-Huei Jiang, Shan-Ru Li, Shu-Ling Hwang, Fu-Gong Lin, Ya-Mei Tzeng, Senyeong Kao
Accurate identification of smoking behaviour is crucial to monitor the smoking rate. This study used urinary cotinine (UC) as a biomarker to verify the effectiveness of self-reported smoking behaviour among conscripts during recruit training. The influence of second-hand smoke (SHS) on the UC concentration was also analysed. A cross-sectional study was conducted from July 2014 to December 2014. The participants comprised a total of 621 military service and basic military training conscripts. A self-administered questionnaire survey and a urine test were performed to verify the participants' smoking behaviour...
November 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118577/associations-between-occupational-inhalation-risks-and-feno-levels-in-airway-obstruction-patients-results-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2007-2012
#15
Yi-Chih Huang, Mei-Chen Yang
Purpose: To investigate associations between occupational inhalation risks and fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) levels in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Patients and methods: Data of 16,486 subjects who had undergone spirometry with pre-bronchodilator and post-bronchodilator lung function assessment were retrieved from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2007-2012 database. After excluding 2,638 subjects with missing spirometry values, data of 13,336 subjects were included for analysis...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111947/clearing-the-air-american-indian-tribal-college-students-exposure-to-second-hand-smoke-attitudes-towards-smoke-free-campus-policies
#16
Christina M Pacheco, Anthony Wellever, Niaman Nazir, Joseph Pacheco, Kelly Berryhil, Babalola Faseru, Charles Barnes, Christine M Daley, Won S Choi
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine knowledge, awareness, and support for campus smoke-free policies. PARTICIPANTS: 1,256 American Indian tribal college students from three tribal colleges in the Midwest and Northern Plains. METHODS: Data are from an observational cross-sectional study of American Indian tribal college students, collected through a web-based survey. RESULTS: Only 40% of tribal college students reported not being exposed to second hand smoke in the past 7 days...
November 7, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102505/validity-of-self-reported-intensity-of-exposure-to-second-hand-smoke-at-home-against-environmental-and-personal-markers
#17
José M Martínez-Sánchez, Adrián González-Marrón, Juan Carlos Martín-Sánchez, Xisca Sureda, Marcela Fu, Raúl Pérez-Ortuño, Cristina Lidón-Moyano, Iñaki Galán, José Antonio Pascual, Esteve Fernández
The objective of this study was to assess the validity of two questions about the perception of intensity of exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) at home using as a reference environmental markers (airborne nicotine and benzene) and biomarkers of exposure (cotinine in saliva and urine). This was a cross-sectional study in a convenience sample of 49 non-smoking volunteers. We found a high correlation between self-reported SHS exposure and airborne nicotine (rsp=0.806, p<0.05), salivary cotinine (rsp=0.752, p<0...
November 1, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080448/assessment-of-salivary-cotinine-concentration-among-general-non-smokers-population-before-and-after-spanish-smoking-legislations
#18
Cristina Lidón-Moyano, Marcela Fu, Raúl Perez-Ortuño, Montse Ballbè, Marc Sampedro-Vida, Juan Carlos Martín-Sánchez, José A Pascual, Esteve Fernández, Jose M Martínez-Sánchez
BACKGROUND: In Spain, two smoke-free laws have been passed (Law 28/2005 and Law 42/2010).This study evaluates the association between Spanish smoking legislations and the second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure in an adult non-smoking population cohort in Barcelona (Spain). METHODS: This is a longitudinal study, before and after the implementation of two national smoking bans, in a representative sample of adults (≥16years old) from Barcelona (Spain) surveyed in 2004-2005 and followed up in 2013-2014 (n=736)...
October 25, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059356/implementing-an-evidence-based-tobacco-control-program-at-five-2-1-1-call-centers-an-evaluation-using-the-consolidated-framework-for-implementation-research
#19
Tess Thompson, Matthew W Kreuter, Nicole Caito, Rebecca S Williams, Cam Escoffery, Maria E Fernandez, Michelle C Kegler
Introduction: The Smoke-Free Homes Program (SFH) is an evidence-based intervention offered within 2-1-1 information and referral call centers to promote smoke-free homes in low-income populations. We used the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research to conduct a mixed-methods analysis of facilitators and barriers to scaling up SFH to five 2-1-1 sites in the United States. Methods: Data were collected from staff in 2015-2016 via online surveys administered before (N = 120) and after SFH training (N = 101) and after SFH implementation (N = 79)...
October 10, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059338/burden-of-tobacco-in-pakistan-findings-from-global-adult-tobacco-survey-2014
#20
Muhammad Arif Nadeem Saqib, Ibrar Rafique, Huma Qureshi, Muhammad Arif Munir, Rizwan Bashir, Babur Wasim Arif, Khalid Bhatti, Shahzad Alam Khan Ahmed, Lubna Bhatti
Introduction: The Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) is the global standard for systematically monitoring adult tobacco use and tracking key tobacco control indicators. Methods: Using a multi-stage stratified cluster design, 9856 households were sampled and one individual was randomly selected from each household. Standard GATS questionnaire was used to collect information on tobacco use, cessation, secondhand smoke, knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions. Data were analyzed as per standard GATS protocol...
August 18, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
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