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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861497/association-between-second-hand-smoking-and-laryngopathy-in-the-general-population-of-south-korea
#1
Haewon Byeon, Dongwoo Lee, Sunghyoun Cho
PURPOSE: The relationship between second-hand smoking and laryngopathy has not yet been reported. Thus, this study investigates the relationship between second-hand smoking and laryngopathy and suggests basic empirical data to prevent laryngopathy. METHODS: This study analyzed 1,905 non-smokers over the age of 19 (269 men and 1,636 women) who completed the health questionnaire, laryngeal endoscope test, and urine cotinine test in the 2008 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853176/smoke-free-legislation-and-child-health
#2
REVIEW
Timor Faber, Jasper V Been, Irwin K Reiss, Johan P Mackenbach, Aziz Sheikh
In this paper, we aim to present an overview of the scientific literature on the link between smoke-free legislation and early-life health outcomes. Exposure to second-hand smoke is responsible for an estimated 166 ,000 child deaths each year worldwide. To protect people from tobacco smoke, the World Health Organization recommends the implementation of comprehensive smoke-free legislation that prohibits smoking in all public indoor spaces, including workplaces, bars and restaurants. The implementation of such legislation has been found to reduce tobacco smoke exposure, encourage people to quit smoking and improve adult health outcomes...
November 17, 2016: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845946/global-trends-in-suicide-epidemiology
#3
Mark Sinyor, Robyn Tse, Jane Pirkis
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Suicide is a major cause of mortality accounting for nearly 1 million deaths globally per year. Suicide occurs throughout the lifespan; therefore, large epidemiological samples are needed to identify patterns in suicide death. This review examines emerging evidence relating to risk and protective factors as well as preventive measures for suicide. RECENT FINDINGS: The global financial crisis, natural disasters, air pollution and second-hand smoke have all been associated with increased suicide rates...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834841/-he-doesn-t-listen-to-my-words-at-all-so-i-don-t-tell-him-anything-a-qualitative-investigation-on-exposure-to-second-hand-smoke-among-pregnant-women-their-husbands-and-family-members-from-rural-bangladesh-and-urban-india
#4
Cath Jackson, Rumana Huque, Veena Satyanarayana, Shammi Nasreen, Manpreet Kaur, Deepa Barua, Prashanta Nath Bhowmik, Mithila Guha, Mukesh Dherani, Atif Rahman, Kamran Siddiqi, Prabha S Chandra
Second hand smoke (SHS) exposure during pregnancy is associated with poor pregnancy and fetal outcomes. To design interventions to reduce exposure, an in depth understanding of social and cultural factors of smoking behavior at home is important, especially in South Asia where SHS exposure is high. This study aimed to explore pregnant women's, their husbands' and other family members' knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding home SHS exposure. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 33 participants in Comilla, Bangladesh and 31 in Bangalore, India (36 pregnant women, 18 husbands, and 10 family members)...
November 8, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816434/exposure-to-environmental-chemicals-among-korean-adults-updates-from-the-second-korean-national-environmental-health-survey-2012-2014
#5
Wookhee Choi, Suejin Kim, Yong-Wook Baek, Kyungho Choi, Keejae Lee, Sungkyoon Kim, Seung Do Yu, Kyunghee Choi
National biomonitoring program can offer solid scientific evidence on exposure profiles of environmental chemicals at a national level, and provide a snapshot of changing exposure level over time. Therefore, several countries have maintained such programs for developing environmental health policies. The Korean National Environmental Health Survey (KoNEHS) was designed to understand the level of human exposure to environmental chemicals by time and location, and to identify possible sources of such exposure...
October 11, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811157/income-inequality-and-u-s-children-s-secondhand-smoke-exposure-distinct-associations-by-race-ethnicity
#6
Edmond D Shenassa, Lauren M Rossen, Jonathan Cohen, Rachel Morello-Frosch, Devon C Payne-Sturges
INTRODUCTION: Prior studies have found considerable racial and ethnic disparities in second-hand smoke exposure. Although a number of individual-level determinants of this disparity have been identified, contextual determinants of racial and ethnic disparities in second-hand smoke exposure remain unexamined. The objective of this study was to examine disparities in serum cotinine in relation to area-level income inequality among 14,649 children from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)...
November 3, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808663/maternal-smoking-location-at-home-and-hospitalization-for-respiratory-tract-infections-among-children-in-japan
#7
Michiyo Yamakawa, Takashi Yorifuji, Tsuguhiko Kato, Toshihide Tsuda, Hiroyuki Doi
We examined the impacts of maternal smoking location at home on hospitalization for respiratory tract infections among young children in Japan. We used the large nationwide population-based longitudinal survey and restricted study participants to children born after 37 gestational weeks and singleton births (n = 43,851). We evaluated the associations among children between the ages of 6 and 18 months and between the ages of 18 and 30 months, respectively. After adjusting for potential confounders, both maternal outdoor and indoor smoking were associated with the elevated risk...
November 3, 2016: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801861/patterns-of-smoking-behaviour-in-low-income-pregnant-women-a-cohort-study-of-differential-effects-on-infant-birth-weight
#8
Catherine Hayes, Morgan Kearney, Helen O'Carroll, Lina Zgaga, Michael Geary, Cecily Kelleher
Maternal smoking accounts for 20%-30% of low birth weight (BW). Second-Hand Smoke (SHS) also negatively affects BW. This cohort study explored the differential effect of smoking patterns during pregnancy on infant BW. Smoking status for 652 self-reported smokers attending public ante-natal clinics was assessed at baseline (V1 first ante-natal visit), 28-32 weeks (V2) and one week after birth (V3). Multivariable generalised linear regression models tested smoking patterns (continuing to smoke, sustained quitting, partial quitting) on BW adjusting for household smoking and other co-variates...
October 29, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785009/hand-grip-strength-is-associated-with-forced-expiratory-volume-in-1-second-among-subjects-with-copd-report-from-a-population-based-cohort-study
#9
Viktor Johansson Strandkvist, Helena Backman, Jenny Röding, Caroline Stridsman, Anne Lindberg
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases and skeletal muscle dysfunction are common comorbidities in COPD. Hand grip strength (HGS) is related to general muscle strength and is associated with cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality, while the results from small selected COPD populations are contradictory. The aim of this population-based study was to compare HGS among the subjects with and without COPD, to evaluate HGS in relation to COPD severity, and to evaluate the impact of heart disease...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781078/exposure-to-hookah-and-cigarette-smoke-in-children-and-adolescents-according-to-their-socio-economic-status-the-caspian-iv-study
#10
Roya Kelishadi, Armindokht Shahsanai, Mostafa Qorbani, Gelayol Ardalan, Parinaz Poursafa, Ramin Heshmat, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh
BACKGROUND: Exposure to smoking or passive smoking is one of serious health problems especially in the pediatric age group. OBJECTIVES: To compare the prevalence and determinants of passive smoking in a nationally representative sample of Iranian children and adolescents according to their socioeconomic status (SES). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This nationwide study was conducted in 2011 - 2012 among 14880 students aged 6 - 18 years, living in 30 provinces in Iran...
August 2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734060/a-systematic-review-of-the-health-risks-from-passive-exposure-to-electronic-cigarette-vapour
#11
Isabel Mr Hess, Kishen Lachireddy, Adam Capon
OBJECTIVES: Electronic cigarettes (ECs) have recently become popular around the world, and their safety is being widely discussed in the scientific literature. Previous studies have examined the chemicals in e-liquids and vapour, and demonstrated that the aerosol from ECs can contain toxic chemicals that are harmful to health. However, little is known about the potential adverse health effects of passive exposure to EC vapour. The aim of this paper is to summarise and review all studies that have examined potential adverse health effects of passive exposure from inhaling EC vapour...
April 15, 2016: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729030/an-interview-study-of-pregnant-women-who-were-provided-with-indoor-air-quality-measurements-of-second-hand-smoke-to-help-them-quit%C3%A2-smoking
#12
Heather Morgan, Elizabeth Treasure, Mo Tabib, Majella Johnston, Chris Dunkley, Deborah Ritchie, Sean Semple, Steve Turner
BACKGROUND: Maternal smoking can cause health complications in pregnancy. Particulate matter (PM2.5) metrics applied to second hand smoke (SHS) concentrations provide indoor air quality (IAQ) measurements and have been used to promote smoking behaviour change among parents of young children. Here, we present the qualitative results from a study designed to use IAQ measurements to help pregnant women who smoke to quit smoking. METHODS: We used IAQ measurements in two centres (Aberdeen and Coventry) using two interventions: 1...
October 12, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718277/protective-effect-of-alpha-lipoic-acid-aerobic-or-resistance-exercise-from-colitis-in-second-hand-smoke-exposed-young-rats
#13
Dilek Özbeyli, Ayşe Cansu Berberoglu, Anıl Özen, Oktay Erkan, Yunus Başar, Tunahan Şen, Akakın Dilek, Yüksel Meral, Kasımay Çakır Özgür
The role of second hand smoke [SHS] exposure on ulcerative colitis is not known. Our aim was to examine the effects of α-lipoic acid (ALA), chronic aerobic [AE] or resistance exercise [RE] on SHS exposed rats with colitis. Sprague-Dawley male rats [150-200g, n=54] were occupied for colitis induction. Among the colitis groups, one group was exposed to SHS [6 days/week, 4 cigarettes/day] and the other was not. SHS group was divided into subgroups as sedentary, AE [swimming; 3 days/week] and RE [climbing with weight; 3 days/week]...
October 8, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710010/predicting-severe-asthma-exacerbations-in-children
#14
Sandeep Puranik, Erick Forno, Andrew Bush, Juan C Celedón
Severe exacerbations negatively impact the quality of life and education of children with asthma, while also causing substantial healthcare costs. Preventing severe asthma exacerbations requires identifying patients at high risk, in order to develop personalized care protocols to prevent such exacerbations. In this review, we assess and discuss recently published data on risk factors and predictive tools for severe asthma exacerbations in childhood. Although few genome-wide association studies have focused on severe asthma exacerbations, one such study recently identified cadherin-related family member 3 (CDHR3, implicated on integrity of the airway epithelium), as a susceptibility gene for recurrent severe asthma exacerbations in young children...
October 6, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697484/tobacco-use-and-second-hand-smoke-exposure-in-young-adolescents-aged-12-15-years-data-from-68-low-income-and-middle-income-countries
#15
Bo Xi, Yajun Liang, Yunxia Liu, Yinkun Yan, Min Zhao, Chuanwei Ma, Pascal Bovet
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use is an important risk factor for non-communicable diseases worldwide. However, the global extent and prevalence of tobacco use in adolescents is poorly described. Using previously collected survey data, we aimed to assess tobacco use and second-hand smoke exposure in young adolescents aged 12-15 years in 68 low-income and middle-income countries. METHODS: We used data from the Global School-based Student Health Survey (2006-13) and the China Global Tobacco Youth Survey (2013), which are school-based surveys of young adolescents aged 12-15 years that assess health behaviours using a standardised, anonymous, self-reported questionnaire...
November 2016: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692507/environmental-tobacco-smoke-public-perception-of-risks-of-exposing-children-to-second-and-third-hand-tobacco-smoke
#16
Christopher Roberts, Grace Wagler, Michele M Carr
INTRODUCTION: Extensive evidence exists regarding health risks posed by children's exposure to second-hand smoke, and there is increasing evidence concerning the risks of third-hand smoke. This evidence is most meaningful if the public is aware of these risks and can help curb childhood exposure. METHODS: Participants were selected at an academic medical center and asked to complete a survey. Responses were compared based on respondents' smoking status and the presence or absence of children in their homes...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681802/impact-of-smoke-free-regulations-on-smoking-prevalence-trends-in-spain
#17
Brenda B León-Gómez, Esther Colell, Joan R Villalbí, Gregorio Barrio, Antonia Domingo-Salvany
BACKGROUND: Studies assessing Spanish smoke-free laws have found a decrease in second-hand smoke exposure, but the impact of such laws on general smoking trends is not clear. This study proposes to analyse trends in the prevalence of smoking in Spain, including changes by educational level, following the implementation of smoke-free regulations (2005 and 2010). METHODS: Seven editions of the Spanish Household Survey on Alcohol and Drugs from 1999 to 2011 were used to analyse the standardised prevalence of daily smokers, the proportion of ex-daily smokers, and the average cigarettes smoked daily in both sexes and by educational level, among the population aged 15-64...
September 28, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660716/association-between-second-hand-smoke-and-psychological-well-being-amongst-non-smoking-wageworkers-in-republic-of-korea
#18
Seong-Jin Kim, Dirga Kumar Lamichhane, Shin-Goo Park, Bum-Joon Lee, So-Hyun Moon, Sung-Min Park, Hyun-Suk Jang, Hwan-Cheol Kim
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, exposure to second-hand smoke (SHS) has been responsible for more than 0.6 million deaths and 10.9 million disability-adjusted life years (DALYS) lost in never smokers in 2004. The world health organization (WHO) reported smoking-related death of 58,000 per year in South Korea. There is recent emerging evidence of the associations of SHS exposure with anxiety or depression and poor mental health. Although exposure to second-hand smoke (SHS) has been associated with various physical health conditions and mental health, we are unaware of any studies examining its association with psychological well-being as mental factor...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619208/assessment-of-tobacco-specific-nitrosamines-tsnas-in-oral-fluid-as-biomarkers-of-cancer-risk-a-population-based-study
#19
Raúl Pérez-Ortuño, Jose M Martínez-Sánchez, Marcela Fu, Montse Ballbè, Núria Quirós, Esteve Fernández, José A Pascual
BACKGROUND: Smoke-free laws are expected to reduce smoking habits and exposure to secondhand smoke. The objective of this study was the measurement of tobacco specific carcinogens (TSNAs) in oral fluid to assess the most suitable biomarker of cancer risk associated with tobacco smoke. METHODS: TSNAs, N'-nitrosonornicotine (NNN), 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK) and 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanol (NNAL), as well as nicotine and cotinine were measured in oral fluid samples from 166 smokers and 532 non-smokers of the adult population of Barcelona, Spain...
September 8, 2016: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614098/ethnic-differences-in-the-clustering-and-outcomes-of-health-behaviours-during-pregnancy-results-from-the-born-in-bradford-cohort
#20
E S Petherick, L Fairley, R C Parslow, R McEachan, D Tuffnell, K E Pickett, D Leon, D A Lawlor, J Wright
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy is a time of optimal motivation for many women to make positive behavioural changes. We aim to describe pregnant women with similar patterns of self-reported health behaviours and examine associations with birth outcomes. METHODS: We examined the clustering of multiple health behaviours during pregnancy in the Born in Bradford cohort, including smoking physical inactivity, vitamin d supplementation and exposure to second-hand smoke.Latent class analysis was used to identify groups of individuals with similar patterns of health behaviours separately for White British (WB) and Pakistani mothers...
September 10, 2016: Journal of Public Health
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