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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352637/the-ability-of-topical-and-systemic-statins-to-increase-osteogenesis-around-dental-implants-a-systematic-review-of-histomorphometric-outcomes-in-animal-studies
#1
REVIEW
V Moraschini, D C F Almeida, J A Calasans-Maia, M Diuana Calasans-Maia
The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate the quantitative histomorphometric outcomes of animal studies investigating statins as a pro-osteogenic agent to enhance the osseointegration of dental implants. Some animal studies have suggested a beneficial action of statins on bone tissue. Electronic and manual literature searches, without date or language restriction, ​​were performed by two independent review authors up to February 2017. Eligibility criteria included animal trials quantitatively analysing the pro-osteogenic effect of statins on dental implants...
January 15, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352548/prediction-of-psychosis-across-protocols-and-risk-cohorts-using-automated-language-analysis
#2
Cheryl M Corcoran, Facundo Carrillo, Diego Fernández-Slezak, Gillinder Bedi, Casimir Klim, Daniel C Javitt, Carrie E Bearden, Guillermo A Cecchi
Language and speech are the primary source of data for psychiatrists to diagnose and treat mental disorders. In psychosis, the very structure of language can be disturbed, including semantic coherence (e.g., derailment and tangentiality) and syntactic complexity (e.g., concreteness). Subtle disturbances in language are evident in schizophrenia even prior to first psychosis onset, during prodromal stages. Using computer-based natural language processing analyses, we previously showed that, among English-speaking clinical (e...
February 2018: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352153/biology-culture-co-evolution-in-finite-populations
#3
Bart de Boer, Bill Thompson
Language is the result of two concurrent evolutionary processes: biological and cultural inheritance. An influential evolutionary hypothesis known as the moving target problem implies inherent limitations on the interactions between our two inheritance streams that result from a difference in pace: the speed of cultural evolution is thought to rule out cognitive adaptation to culturally evolving aspects of language. We examine this hypothesis formally by casting it as as a problem of adaptation in time-varying environments...
January 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351881/phonotactic-processing-deficit-following-left-hemisphere-stroke
#4
Maryam Ghaleh, Laura M Skipper-Kallal, Shihui Xing, Elizabeth Lacey, Iain DeWitt, Andrew DeMarco, Peter Turkeltaub
The neural basis of speech processing is still a matter of great debate. Phonotactic knowledge-knowledge of the allowable sound combinations in a language-remains particularly understudied. The purpose of this study was to investigate the brain regions crucial to phonotactic knowledge in left-hemisphere stroke survivors. Results were compared to areas in which gray matter anatomy related to phonotactic knowledge in healthy controls. 44 patients with chronic left-hemisphere stroke, and 32 controls performed an English-likeness rating task on 60 auditory non-words of varying phonotactic regularities...
December 20, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351724/the-role-of-extracellular-matrix-components-in-angiogenesis-and-fibrosis-possible-implication-for-systemic-sclerosis
#5
Vasiliki Liakouli, Paola Cipriani, Paola Di Benedetto, Piero Ruscitti, Francesco Carubbi, Onorina Berardicurti, Noemi Panzera, Roberto Giacomelli
Extracellular matrix (ECM) plays a crucial role in the regulation of both physiological and pathological angiogenesis. ECM homeostasis and function is ensuring by the tightly regulation of the different ECM components including, collagens, proteoglycans and a variety of different glycoproteins. An altered expression of the above ECM molecules as well as an imbalance between the action of matrix remodeling enzymes and their tissue inhibitors is known to be responsible for impaired angiogenesis and fibrosis. Systemic Sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune disease characterized by micro-angiopathy, failure of reparative angiogenesis and excessive fibrosis of the skin and various internal organs, dues to an increased production of ECM...
January 19, 2018: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351038/early-reading-abilities-of-bilingual-children-with-nonsyndromic-orofacial-clefts
#6
Michelle Heng Yue Cheong, Selena Ee-Li Young, Dawn Patricia Chuan Yu Young, Mary Lay Choo Lee, Susan Jane Rickard Liow
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the early reading abilities, and related cognitive-linguistic processes, in bilingual children with nonsyndromic cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P), and to identify deficits that might be amenable to intervention. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: Bilingual participants with CL/P aged 5 to 6 years who were English-dominant ( n=17) or Mandarin-dominant ( n=18) were recruited using consecutive sampling from a national cleft treatment center and matched pairwise to a sample of typically developing (TD) children on language dominance, age, and socioeconomic status...
February 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350575/the-neural-substrates-of-improved-phonological-processing-following-successful-treatment-in-a-case-of-phonological-alexia-and-agraphia
#7
Andrew T DeMarco, Stephen M Wilson, Kindle Rising, Steven Z Rapcsak, Pélagie M Beeson
Phonological deficits are common in aphasia after left-hemisphere stroke, and can have significant functional consequences for spoken and written language. While many individuals improve through treatment, the neural substrates supporting improvements are poorly understood. We measured brain activation during pseudoword reading in an individual through two treatment phases. Improvements were associated with greater activation in residual left dorsal language regions and bilateral regions supporting attention and effort...
January 19, 2018: Neurocase
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349881/speech-and-language-therapists-perspectives-of-therapeutic-alliance-construction-and-maintenance-in-aphasia-rehabilitation-post-stroke
#8
Michelle Lawton, Karen Sage, Gillian Haddock, Paul Conroy, Laura Serrant
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic alliance refers to the interactional and relational processes operating during therapeutic interventions. It has been shown to be a strong determinant of treatment efficacy in psychotherapy, and evidence is emerging from a range of healthcare and medical disciplines to suggest that the construct of therapeutic alliance may in fact be a variable component of treatment outcome, engagement and satisfaction. Although this construct appears to be highly relevant to aphasia rehabilitation, no research to date has attempted to explore this phenomenon and thus consider its potential utility as a mechanism for change...
January 18, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348683/the-effect-of-foreign-language-in-fear-acquisition
#9
Azucena García-Palacios, Albert Costa, Diana Castilla, Eva Del Río, Aina Casaponsa, Jon Andoni Duñabeitia
Emotions are at the core of human nature. There is evidence that emotional reactivity in foreign languages compared to native languages is reduced. We explore whether this emotional distance could modulate fear conditioning, an essential mechanism for the understanding and treatment of anxiety disorders. A group of participants was verbally informed (either in a foreign or in a native language) that two different stimuli could be either cueing the potential presence of a threat stimulus or its absence. We registered pupil size and electrodermal activity and calculated the difference in psychophysiological responses to conditioned and to unconditioned stimuli...
January 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347597/general-purpose-graphics-processing-unit-implementation-of-cosmological-domain-wall-network-evolution
#10
J R C C C Correia, C J A P Martins
Topological defects unavoidably form at symmetry breaking phase transitions in the early universe. To probe the parameter space of theoretical models and set tighter experimental constraints (exploiting the recent advances in astrophysical observations), one requires more and more demanding simulations, and therefore more hardware resources and computation time. Improving the speed and efficiency of existing codes is essential. Here we present a general purpose graphics-processing-unit implementation of the canonical Press-Ryden-Spergel algorithm for the evolution of cosmological domain wall networks...
October 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346638/standardized-languages-and-notations-for-graphical-modelling-of-patient-care-processes-a-systematic-review
#11
Pierpaolo Mincarone, Carlo Giacomo Leo, Maria Del Mar Trujillo-Martín, Jan Manson, Roberto Guarino, Giuseppe Ponzini, Saverio Sabina
Purpose: The importance of working toward quality improvement in healthcare implies an increasing interest in analysing, understanding and optimizing process logic and sequences of activities embedded in healthcare processes. Their graphical representation promotes faster learning, higher retention and better compliance. The study identifies standardized graphical languages and notations applied to patient care processes and investigates their usefulness in the healthcare setting. Data sources: Peer-reviewed literature up to 19 May 2016...
January 16, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346583/datamed-an-open-source-discovery-index-for-finding-biomedical-datasets
#12
Xiaoling Chen, Anupama E Gururaj, Burak Ozyurt, Ruiling Liu, Ergin Soysal, Trevor Cohen, Firat Tiryaki, Yueling Li, Nansu Zong, Min Jiang, Deevakar Rogith, Mandana Salimi, Hyeon-Eui Kim, Philippe Rocca-Serra, Alejandra Gonzalez-Beltran, Claudiu Farcas, Todd Johnson, Ron Margolis, George Alter, Susanna-Assunta Sansone, Ian M Fore, Lucila Ohno-Machado, Jeffrey S Grethe, Hua Xu
Objective: Finding relevant datasets is important for promoting data reuse in the biomedical domain, but it is challenging given the volume and complexity of biomedical data. Here we describe the development of an open source biomedical data discovery system called DataMed, with the goal of promoting the building of additional data indexes in the biomedical domain. Materials and Methods: DataMed, which can efficiently index and search diverse types of biomedical datasets across repositories, is developed through the National Institutes of Health-funded biomedical and healthCAre Data Discovery Index Ecosystem (bioCADDIE) consortium...
January 13, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346410/an-evaluation-of-multi-probe-locality-sensitive-hashing-for-computing-similarities-over-web-scale-query-logs
#13
Graham Cormode, Anirban Dasgupta, Amit Goyal, Chi Hoon Lee
Many modern applications of AI such as web search, mobile browsing, image processing, and natural language processing rely on finding similar items from a large database of complex objects. Due to the very large scale of data involved (e.g., users' queries from commercial search engines), computing such near or nearest neighbors is a non-trivial task, as the computational cost grows significantly with the number of items. To address this challenge, we adopt Locality Sensitive Hashing (a.k.a, LSH) methods and evaluate four variants in a distributed computing environment (specifically, Hadoop)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345499/disrupted-behaviour-in-grammatical-morphology-in-french-speakers-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#14
Marie-Thérèse Le Normand, Romuald Blanc, Simona Caldani, Frédérique Bonnet-Brilhault
Mixed and inconsistent findings have been reported across languages concerning grammatical morphology in speakers with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). Some researchers argue for a selective sparing of grammar whereas others claim to have identified grammatical deficits. The present study aimed to investigate this issue in 26 participants with ASD speaking European French who were matched on age, gender and SES to 26 participants with typical development (TD). The groups were compared regarding their productivity and accuracy of syntactic and agreement categories using the French MOR part-of-speech tagger available from the CHILDES...
January 18, 2018: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344393/effect-of-standardized-nursing-language-continuing-education-programme-on-nurses-documentation-of-care-at-university-college-hospital-ibadan
#15
Iyanuoluwa O Adubi, Adenike A Olaogun, Prisca O Adejumo
Aim: The study assessed the documentation of nursing care before, during and after the Standardized Nursing Language Continuing Education Programme (SNLCEP). It evaluates the differences in documentation of nursing care in different nursing specialty areas and assessed the influence of work experience on the quality of documentation of nursing care with a view to provide information on documentation of nursing care. The instrument used was an adapted scoring guide for nursing diagnosis, nursing intervention and nursing outcome (Q-DIO)...
January 2018: Nursing Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343736/establishing-a-mental-lexicon-with-cochlear-implants-an-erp-study-with-young-children
#16
Niki K Vavatzanidis, Dirk Mürbe, Angela D Friederici, Anja Hahne
In the present study we explore the implications of acquiring language when relying mainly or exclusively on input from a cochlear implant (CI), a device providing auditory input to otherwise deaf individuals. We focus on the time course of semantic learning in children within the second year of implant use; a period that equals the auditory age of normal hearing children during which vocabulary emerges and extends dramatically. 32 young bilaterally implanted children saw pictures paired with either matching or non-matching auditory words...
January 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343463/the-impact-of-mhealth-interventions-systematic-review-of-systematic-reviews
#17
REVIEW
Milena Soriano Marcolino, João Antonio Queiroz Oliveira, Marcelo D'Agostino, Antonio Luiz Ribeiro, Maria Beatriz Moreira Alkmim, David Novillo-Ortiz
BACKGROUND: Mobile phone usage has been rapidly increasing worldwide. mHealth could efficiently deliver high-quality health care, but the evidence supporting its current effectiveness is still mixed. OBJECTIVE: We performed a systematic review of systematic reviews to assess the impact or effectiveness of mobile health (mHealth) interventions in different health conditions and in the processes of health care service delivery. METHODS: We used a common search strategy of five major scientific databases, restricting the search by publication date, language, and parameters in methodology and content...
January 17, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343189/translating-ancient-alchemy-fragments-of-graeco-egyptian-alchemy-in-arabic-compendia
#18
Matteo Martelli
Translation played a vital role in the development and transfer of alchemy in Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages. Since its origins in Graeco-Roman Egypt, alchemy was encapsulated in Greek texts which allegedly relied on Persian or Egyptian sources. Later, a variety of Greek and Byzantine writings were translated into Syriac and Arabic, and these translations were in turn fragmented and disseminated in later Arabic compendia. This paper will first review the main phases of this historical process of transmission of alchemy from one language and culture to another...
January 17, 2018: Ambix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341386/at-the-core-of-reasoning-dissociating-deductive-and-non-deductive-load
#19
John P Coetzee, Martin M Monti
In recent years, neuroimaging methods have been used to investigate how the human mind carries out deductive reasoning. According to some, the neural substrate of language is integral to deductive reasoning. According to others, deductive reasoning is supported by a language-independent distributed network including left frontopolar and frontomedial cortices. However, it has been suggested that activity in these frontal regions might instead reflect non-deductive factors such as working memory load and general cognitive difficulty...
January 16, 2018: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340970/ultrahigh-temporal-resolution-of-visual-presentation-using-gaming-monitors-and-g-sync
#20
Christian H Poth, Rebecca M Foerster, Christian Behler, Ulrich Schwanecke, Werner X Schneider, Mario Botsch
Vision unfolds as an intricate pattern of information processing over time. Studying vision and visual cognition therefore requires precise manipulations of the timing of visual stimulus presentation. Although standard computer display technologies offer great accuracy and precision of visual presentation, their temporal resolution is limited. This limitation stems from the fact that the presentation of rendered stimuli has to wait until the next refresh of the computer screen. We present a novel method for presenting visual stimuli with ultrahigh temporal resolution (<1 ms) on newly available gaming monitors...
January 16, 2018: Behavior Research Methods
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