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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909600/patients-knowledge-about-the-outcomes-of-thyroid-biopsy-a-patient-survey
#1
Naykky Singh Ospina, Ana Castaneda-Guarderas, Russell Ward, Juan P Brito, Spyridoula Maraka, Claudia Zeballos Palacios, Kathleen J Yost, Diana S Dean, Victor M Montori
PURPOSE: Fine-needle aspiration biopsy of the thyroid is an increasingly common outpatient procedure. Patients are counseled about the indications and risks of this procedure and informed consent is obtained. We aimed to assess the extent to which patients acquired necessary knowledge during this process. METHODS: Survey study conducted in a thyroid nodule clinic at a referral center. Adult patients who had just undergone a thyroid biopsy were asked to complete a survey, including eight questions regarding the indications and potential outcomes of thyroid biopsy...
June 16, 2018: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909599/survival-of-aggressive-variants-of-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-in-patients-under-55-years-old-a-seer-population-based-retrospective-analysis
#2
Jianhua Feng, Fei Shen, Wensong Cai, Xiaoxiong Gan, Xingyan Deng, Bo Xu
BACKGROUND: Patients younger than 55 years of age with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) have excellent survival. Diffuse sclerosing variant (DSV) and tall cell variant (TCV) of PTC are associated with aggressiveness; the survival of patients <55 years of age with these variants is still unclear. We aim to investigate the clinicopathological features and survival of these variants in the age group <55 years. METHODS: All adult patients (<55 years old) with DSV, TCV and conventional PTC (CPTC) came from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program (1988-2013)...
June 16, 2018: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909594/the-influence-of-adolescence-on-parents-perspectives-of-testing-and-discussing-inherited-cancer-predisposition
#3
Corinna L Schultz, Melissa A Alderfer, Robert B Lindell, Zachary McClain, Kristin Zelley, Kim E Nichols, Carol A Ford
Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS) is a highly penetrant cancer predisposition syndrome that may present with a first cancer before or during adolescence/young adulthood. Families offered LFS genetic testing for their children can inform our understanding of how the unique developmental context of adolescence influences parental perspectives about genetic testing and discussions of cancer risk. In this study, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 46 parents of children at risk for LFS to capture those perspectives...
June 16, 2018: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909591/update-on-the-use-of-c1-esterase-inhibitor-replacement-therapy-in-the-acute-and-prophylactic-treatment-of-hereditary-angioedema
#4
REVIEW
H Henry Li, Marc Riedl, Jay Kashkin
In the vast majority of patients with hereditary angioedema (HAE), angioedema attacks are due to the quantitative or functional deficiency of C1-esterase inhibitor (C1-INH), which leads to increased vascular permeability and unregulated release of bradykinin. Exogenous administration of C1-INH is a rational way to restore the concentration and functional activity of this protein, regulate the release of bradykinin, and attenuate or prevent subcutaneous and submucosal edema associated with HAE. Recent international guidelines for the management of HAE include C1-INH as an option for acute treatment of HAE...
June 16, 2018: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909584/comparison-of-clinical-results-between-novel-percutaneous-pedicle-screw-and-traditional-open-pedicle-screw-fixation-for-thoracolumbar-fractures-without-neurological-deficit
#5
Ming Yang, Qinpeng Zhao, Dingjun Hao, Zhen Chang, Shichang Liu, Xinhua Yin
OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy and safety of novel percutaneous minimally invasive pedicle screw fixation and traditional open surgery for thoracolumbar fractures without neurological deficit. METHODS: Sixty adult patients with single thoracolumbar fracture between June 2014 and June 2016 were recruited in this study, randomly divided into open fixation group (group A) or minimally invasive percutaneous fixation group (group B). Clinical and surgical evaluation including surgery time, blood losses, radiation times, hospital stay, and complication were performed...
June 16, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909567/paravertebral-blocks-reduce-the-risk-of-postoperative-urinary-retention-in-inguinal-hernia-repair
#6
E Bojaxhi, J Lee, S Bowers, R D Frank, S H Pak, A Rosales, S Padron, R A Greengrass
PURPOSE: Inguinal hernia repair and general anesthesia (GA) are known risk factors for urinary retention. Paravertebral blocks (PVBs) have been utilized to facilitate enhanced recovery after surgery. We evaluate the benefit of incorporating PVBs into our anesthetic technique in a large cohort of ambulatory patients undergoing inguinal hernia repair. METHODS: Records of 619 adults scheduled for ambulatory inguinal hernia repair between 2010 and 2015 were reviewed and categorized based on anesthetic and surgical approach [GA and open (GAO), GA and laparoscopic (GAL), PVB and open (PVBO), and GA/PVB and open (GA/PVBO)]...
June 16, 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909561/molecular-genetic-analysis-for-periodic-fever-syndromes-a-supplemental-role-for-the-diagnosis-of-adult-onset-still-s-disease
#7
Hongbin Li, Irina Abramova, Sandra Chesoni, Qingping Yao
Adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) represents a systemic autoinflammatory disease (SAID), and its diagnostic criteria are clinical without genetic testing. Given shared manifestations between AOSD and hereditary SAIDs, molecular analysis may help differentiate these diseases. A PubMed literature search was conducted using key words "adult-onset Still's disease," "autoinflammatory disease," and "genetic mutation" between 1970 and February 2018. Articles on genetic mutations in the genes MEFV, TNFRSF1A, mevalonate kinase, or NOD2 for hereditary SAIDs in AOSD/systemic onset juvenile idiopathic arthritis (SJIA) patients were reviewed and analyzed...
June 17, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909527/comparative-genome-wide-mapping-versus-extreme-pool-genotyping-and-development-of-diagnostic-snp-markers-linked-to-qtl-for-adult-plant-resistance-to-stripe-rust-in-common-wheat
#8
Jianhui Wu, Shuo Huang, Qingdong Zeng, Shengjie Liu, Qilin Wang, Jingmei Mu, Shizhou Yu, Dejun Han, Zhensheng Kang
A major stripe rust resistance QTL on chromosome 4BL was localized to a 4.5-Mb interval using comparative QTL mapping methods and validated in 276 wheat genotypes by haplotype analysis. CYMMIT-derived wheat line P10103 was previously identified to have adult plant resistance (APR) to stripe rust in the greenhouse and field. The conventional approach for QTL mapping in common wheat is laborious. Here, we performed QTL detection of APR using a combination of genome-wide scanning and extreme pool-genotyping. SNP-based genetic maps were constructed using the Wheat55 K SNP array to genotype a recombinant inbred line (RIL) population derived from the cross Mingxian 169 × P10103...
June 16, 2018: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909508/associations-of-mental-health-and-sleep-duration-with-menstrual-cycle-irregularity-a-population-based-study
#9
Taeryoon Kim, Ga Eun Nam, Byoungduck Han, Sung Jung Cho, Junghun Kim, Do Hyun Eum, Sang Woo Lee, Soon Hong Min, Woohyun Lee, Kyungdo Han, Yong Gyu Park
This study aimed to examine whether the characteristics of mental health and sleep duration, alone or in combination, are associated with menstrual cycle irregularity. This population-based, cross-sectional study analyzed the data from 4445 women aged 19-49 years, who participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2010-2012. A structured questionnaire was used to assess mental health characteristics, sleep duration, and menstrual cycle irregularity. A multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed...
June 16, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909502/increased-ngal-level-associated-with-iron-store-in-chronic-kidney-disease-with-anemia
#10
Daijun Xiang, Xiuying Wang, Peipei Liu, Yuling Pan, Qian Zhang, Xiuping Chi, Ying Jing, Xinxin Duan, Qiaozhen Wei, Jianan Wang, Mianyang Li, Chengbin Wang
An iron scarcity often occurs in chronic kidney disease (CKD). Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), a biomarker of acute kidney injury, is associated with iron metabolism. The present study determined the association between serum NGAL and iron status in chronic kidney disease with anemia. A total of 154 adult CKD patients were divided into anemia and without anemia groups. The anemia groups were further subdivided into two groups based on the presence or absence of iron deficiency, defined as a transferrin saturation (TSAT) < 20%...
June 16, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909498/leisure-participation-patterns-for-school-age-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-findings-from-the-2016-national-survey-of-children-s-health
#11
Karen Ratcliff, Ickpyo Hong, Claudia Hilton
Leisure activity participation is important for health and well-being. This study examined similarities and differences between typically developing children and those with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) from 6 to 17 years old in physical, recreational, social, skill, and jobs/chores activities from a large national database. Findings revealed that children with ASD had significantly lower participation levels than those without ASD between 11 and 17 years old. They suggest an increasing disparity among many types of leisure participation for children and youth with ASD as they age, eventually leading to limited participation in adult activities...
June 16, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909482/risky-sexual-behavior-the-indirect-effects-between-parent-child-relationship-quality-and-quality-of-life-in-emerging-adults
#12
Erica Szkody, Mary Moussa Rogers, Cliff McKinney
PURPOSE: Parent-child relationship quality is an important factor when examining adolescent's risk for problem behaviors. For this reason, many researchers have explored the impacts of parent-child relationship quality on adolescent and child behavior, yet the parent-child relationship has lasting consequences into adulthood. METHODS: The current study examined the mediating role of risky sexual behavior (as measured by the Youth Risk Behavior Survey) on the relationship between parent-child relationship quality (as measured by the Parental Environment Questionnaire) and quality of life (as measured by the World Health Organizations Quality of Life Questionnaire) beyond adolescence, during emerging adulthood...
June 16, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909470/risk-of-fracture-and-low-bone-mineral-density-in-adults-with-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-a-systematic-literature-review-with-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
P Szafors, H Che, T Barnetche, J Morel, C Gaujoux-Viala, B Combe, C Lukas
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) are associated with a decreased bone mineral density, but the impact on fractures is unknown. In our study, global risk of fracture is increased for patients with IBDs versus controls. This result will help to determine the appropriate assessment with early screening and management of osteoporosis. Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs), such as Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), are associated with a decreased bone mineral density (BMD). However, the impact on fracture risk is unknown and data are contradictory across studies...
June 16, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909461/timing-of-grip-and-goal-activation-during-action-perception-a-priming-study
#14
Jérémy Decroix, Solène Kalénine
Several models of action recognition acknowledge the involvement of distinct grip and goal representations in the processing of others' actions. Yet, their functional role and temporal organization are still debated. The present priming study aimed at evaluating the relative timing of grip and goal activation during the processing of photographs of object-directed actions. Action could be correct or incorrect owing to grip and/or goal violations. Twenty-eight (Experiment 1) and 25 (Experiment 2) healthy adults judged the correctness of target actions according to object typical use...
June 16, 2018: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909444/gender-disparities-in-presentation-management-and-outcomes-of-acute-myocardial-infarction
#15
REVIEW
Matthew Liakos, Puja B Parikh
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review provides updates in gender disparities in the symptom profile, risk factors, quality and timeliness of guideline-based medical care, and clinical outcomes, including mortality, bleeding, and vascular complications, in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). RECENT FINDINGS: While AMI continues to be a leading cause of mortality in both men and women, significant gender differences exist in presentation, management, and outcomes...
June 16, 2018: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909433/pharmacokinetics-of-fentanyl-sublingual-spray-in-opioid-na%C3%A3-ve-participants-results-of-a-phase-1-multiple-ascending-dose-study
#16
Richard L Rauck, D Alexander Oh, Neil Singla, Christian Koch, Neha Parikh, Srinivas Nalamachu, Jin Yu, Steven James
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Fentanyl sublingual spray may be a viable alternative to intravenous (IV) opioids for the treatment of acute pain. As patients with acute pain may include those who have limited prior exposure to opioids, this phase 1, open-label, randomized, multiple ascending-dose study was conducted to assess the pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, safety, and tolerability of multiple doses of fentanyl sublingual spray in opioid-naïve participants. This article primarily reports the pharmacokinetics results...
June 16, 2018: Clinical Drug Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909426/effects-of-anxiogenic-drugs-on-the-emission-of-22-and-50-khz-ultrasonic-vocalizations-in-adult-rats
#17
Maria Willadsen, Laura M Best, Markus Wöhr, Paul B S Clarke
RATIONALE: Adult rat 22-kHz vocalizations are often associated with alarm or distress, whereas a subset of 50-kHz calls is preferentially emitted in response to amphetamine and other rewarding stimuli. Whether any 50-kHz calls reflect anxiety is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of anxiogenic drugs on 50-kHz call rate and call subtype profile, in comparison with D-amphetamine. METHODS: Adult male rats received systemic amphetamine (1 mg/kg) three times several days before testing...
June 16, 2018: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909409/the-possible-role-of-gene-variant-coding-nonfunctional-toll-like-receptor-2-in-the-pathogenesis-of-mastocytosis
#18
Bogusław Nedoszytko, Magdalena Lange, Joanna Renke, Marek Niedoszytko, Monika Zabłotna, Jolanta Gleń, Roman Nowicki
BACKGROUND: Data on the genetic predisposition to mastocytosis are scarce. The aim of this work was to study the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms of Toll-like receptor (TLR)-2, TLR-4, and TLR-9 genes in Polish patients with mastocytosis. OBJECTIVES: The study comprised 137 patients with mastocytosis (102 cutaneous [60 children and 42 adults] and 35 systemic cases); 171 disease-free individuals were used as controls. METHOD: The frequency of polymorphisms R753Q (rs5743708) of TLR-2, 896 A>G (rs496790) of TLR-4, and -1237C>T (rs5743836) of TLR-9 genes were determined with the use of the amplification refractory mutation system polymerase chain reaction method...
June 15, 2018: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909404/aortic-arch-width-and-cardiovascular-disease-in-men-and-women-in-the-community
#19
Michael L Chuang, Philimon N Gona, Saadia Qazi, Rebecca M Musgrave, Caroline S Fox, Joseph M Massaro, Udo Hoffmann, Christopher J O'Donnell
BACKGROUND: We sought to determine whether increased aortic arch width (AAW) adds to standard Framingham risk factors and coronary artery calcium (CAC) for prediction of incident adverse cardiovascular disease (CVD) events in community-dwelling adults. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 3026 Framingham Heart Study Offspring and Third Generation cohort participants underwent noncontrast multidetector computed tomography from 2002 to 2005 to quantify CAC. We measured AAW as the distance between the centroids of the ascending and descending thoracic aorta, at the level of main pulmonary artery bifurcation or the right pulmonary artery...
June 16, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909398/higher-vitamin-d-intake-could-improve-sleep-and-cognitive-outcomes-in-older-adults-with-heart-failure
#20
Junxin Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 16, 2018: Evidence-based Nursing
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