Read by QxMD icon Read

Looked after children

Erin Rothwell, Jeffrey R Botkin, Sydney Cheek-O'Donnell, Bob Wong, Gretchen A Case, Erin Johnson, Trent Matheson, Alena Wilson, Nicole R Robinson, Jared Rawlings, Brooke Horejsi, Ana Maria Lopez, Carrie L Byington
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the short-term impact of the play "Informed Consent" by Deborah Zoe Laufer (a fictionalized look at the controversy over specimens collected from the Havasupai Tribe for diabetes research in 1989) on perceptions of trust, willingness to donate biospecimens, attitudes toward harm and privacy among the medical and undergraduate students, faculty and the public in the intermountain west. METHODS: Surveys were administered before and after a staged reading of the play by professional actors...
March 7, 2018: AJOB Empirical Bioethics
Ruth Nalugya, Steven Russell, Flavia Zalwango, Janet Seeley
Adjustment to life on antiretroviral therapy (ART) and living with HIV as a long-term chronic condition, pose significant medical, social and economic challenges. We investigated children's role in supporting HIV-positive parents to self-manage life on ART. Between 2010 and 2012, we conducted a qualitative study using semi-structured interviews with 38 HIV-positive parents who had been on ART for over a year. They were randomly selected from people accessing ART from three delivery sites in Wakiso district, Uganda...
March 2018: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
Fatima Tensaouti, Anne Ducassou, Léonor Chaltiel, Annick Sevely, Stéphanie Bolle, Laetitia Padovani, Anais Jouin, Claire Alapetite, Stéphane Supiot, Aymeri Huchet, Valérie Bernier, Line Claude, Christine Kerr, Elisabeth Le Prisé, Anne-Isabelle Bertozzi-Salamon, Samuel Liceaga, Jean Albert Lotterie, Patrice Péran, Anne Laprie
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Ependymoma is the third most common brain tumor in children. Radiation therapy (RT) is systematically administered after maximum surgical resection, utilizing recent advances in radiation delivery. Imaging can make a significant contribution to improving treatment outcome. This prompted us to look for significant preoperative and postoperative imaging markers for survival. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We undertook a national retrospective review of 121 patients who had undergone resection followed by RT...
February 27, 2018: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
Laurie-Ann Corbin-Berrigan, Kristina Kowalski, Jocelyn Faubert, Brian Christie, Isabelle Gagnon
As mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) affects hundreds of thousands of children and their families each year, investigation of potential mTBI assessments and treatments is an important research target. Three-dimensional multiple object tracking (3D-MOT), where an individual must allocate attention to moving objects within 3D space, is one potentially promising assessment and treatment tool. To date, no research has looked at 3D-MOT in a pediatric mTBI population. Thus, the aim of this study was to examine 3D-MOT learning in children and youth with and without mTBI...
February 23, 2018: Neuroreport
C Klein, A Fontanarosa, N Khouri, B Jonathan, J-P Padovani, C Glorion, P Wicart
BACKGROUND: Triple pelvic osteotomy (TPO) is a treatment option in children and adolescents with residual acetabular dysplasia after developmental dislocation of the hip (DDH). However, TPO to redirect the acetabulum is often blamed for anterior and lateral overcoverage of the femoral head. The main objectives of this study were to assess the potential clinical impact, frequency, and radiological features of acetabular overcorrection. Evidence of post-operative remodelling and associations linking younger age at surgery and/or dysplasia severity to the existence and magnitude of overcorrection were sought...
February 20, 2018: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Deborah R Liptzin, Steven H Abman, Ann Giesenhagen, D Dunbar Ivy
Liptzin, Deborah R., Steven H. Abman, Ann Giesenhagen, and D. Dunbar Ivy. An approach to children with pulmonary edema at high altitude. High Alt Med Biol. 00:000-000, 2018. INTRODUCTION: Diagnosis of high-altitude illness can be more challenging in children, especially those who are preverbal. Families often travel to high elevations for family vacations, either for skiing, hiking, and/or camping. They may present to their primary care providers looking for anticipatory guidance before travel or may follow-up after developing high-altitude illness...
February 22, 2018: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
Oana Belei, Laura Olariu, Maria Puiu, Cristian Jinca, Cristina Dehelean, Tamara Marcovici, Otilia Marginean
INTRODUCTION: the majority of studies of acute gastrointestinal bleeding in children are retrospective, focusing on therapeutic endoscopy. Previous studies performed in adult patients have demonstrated that both scheduled second look endoscopy and high dose continuous omeprazole infusion are effective in the prevention of peptic ulcer rebleeding. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of these two strategies using esomeprazole for the prevention of rebleeding following primary endoscopic hemostasis in children with peptic ulcers...
February 21, 2018: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Scott M Stevenson, Glen A Lau, William C Andolsek, Angela P Presson, Patrick C Cartwright
INTRODUCTION: Debris within the bladder is commonly seen on ultrasound. The etiology of bladder debris is varied and the likelihood that urinary debris represents positive urine culture is under investigation. We hypothesize that bladder debris will increase the likelihood that a urine culture is positive compared to those without bladder debris. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review on children aged 0-17 years who had a voiding cystourethrogram with a catheterized urinalysis or urine culture, and who also had a renal and bladder ultrasound up to 1 week prior, the day of, or up to 2 days after their urine studies...
February 3, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Celeste E Naude, Marianne E Visser, Kim A Nguyen, Solange Durao, Anel Schoonees
BACKGROUND: As part of efforts to prevent childhood overweight and obesity, we need to understand the relationship between total fat intake and body fatness in generally healthy children. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of total fat intake on measures of weight and body fatness in children and young people not aiming to lose weight. SEARCH METHODS: For this update we revised the previous search strategy and ran it over all years in the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE (Ovid), MEDLINE (PubMed), and Embase (Ovid) (current to 23 May 2017)...
February 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Alison Teyhan, Dinithi Wijedasa, John Macleod
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether men and women who were looked-after (in public care) or adopted as children are at increased risk of adverse psychological and social outcomes in adulthood. DESIGN, SETTING: Prospective observational study using the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, which recruited pregnant women and their male partners in and around Bristol, UK in the early 1990s. PARTICIPANTS: 8775 women and 3654 men who completed questionnaires at recruitment (mean age: women 29; men 32) and 5 years later...
February 8, 2018: BMJ Open
Claudia M Van der Heijde, Pascal R Collard, Peter Vonk, Frans J Meijman
Objective Delayed childbearing has gradually started to become the norm for higher educational students, with possible increased future fertility risks and psychological distress as a consequence. What do female students expect from their general practitioners (GP) and other health care providers (HCPs) with regard to delaying childbearing? We also looked into indicators that can be used by HCPs to detect female university students who have issues regarding delayed childbearing. Methods Cross sectional study: A total of 398 female students (mean age 21...
February 13, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Alejandra Vilanova-Sanchez, Alessandra C Gasior, Nicole Toocheck, Laura Weaver, Richard J Wood, Carlos A Reck, Andrea Wagner, Erin Hoover, Renae Gagnon, Jordon Jaggers, Tassiana Maloof, Onnalisa Nash, Charae Williams, Marc A Levitt
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Senna is a stimulant laxative commonly used by pediatricians, pediatric gastroenterologists, and pediatric surgeons. Many clinicians avoid Senna for reasons such as tolerance or side effects but this has little scientific justification. We recently found several patients we were caring for developed perineal blistering during the course of Senna treatment. Because of this we chose to review the literature to identify side effects in children taking this medication as well as to analyze our Center's experience with Senna's secondary effects...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Caroline H Cromelin, Carolyn Drews-Botsch, Buddy Russell, Scott R Lambert
Importance: Although contact lenses have been used for decades to optically correct eyes in children after cataract surgery, there has never been a prospective study looking at contact lens adherence in children with aphakia, to our knowledge. Objective: To evaluate contact lens adherence and its association with visual outcome in a cohort of children treated for unilateral cataract surgery. Design, Setting, and Participants: Secondary analysis of a multicenter randomized clinical trial of 57 infants born from August 22, 2004, to April 25, 2008, who were randomized to 1 of 2 treatments and followed up to age 5 years...
February 8, 2018: JAMA Ophthalmology
Perpetua Lum Tanyi, André Pelser, Joseph Okeibunor
The burden of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) on the elderly population in three divisions within the Northwest Region of Cameroon was examined. Data for this paper were extracted from a larger study which had been conducted concerning the burden of HIV infection and AIDS on the older adults in the Northwest Region of Cameroon. Using in-depth interviews (IDIs) and focus group discussions (FGDs), data were collected from 36 participants who were purposively selected from the three divisions which had been chosen randomly...
December 2018: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
Emily R Thompson, Sarah A Hosgood, Michael L Nicholson, Colin H Wilson
BACKGROUND: Kidney transplantation is the treatment of choice for patients with end-stage kidney disease. In a previous review we concluded that the routine use of ureteric stents in kidney transplantation reduces the incidence of major urological complications (MUC). Unfortunately, this reduction appears to lead to a concomitant rise in urinary tract infections (UTI). For kidney recipients UTI is now the commonest post-transplant complication. This represents a considerable risk to the immunosuppressed transplant recipient, particularly in the era of increased immunologically challenging transplants...
January 29, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
B G Damien, B Aguemon, D Abdoulaye Alfa, D Bocossa, A Ogouyemi-Hounto, F Remoue, J-Y Le Hesran
BACKGROUND: Artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT), used to treat uncomplicated malaria cases, is one of the main strategies of malaria control and elimination. One of the main objectives of the Benin National Malaria Control Program's (NMCP) strategic plan is to ensure that at least 80% of uncomplicated malaria is treated with ACT within 24 h. Therefore, it was of great interest to measure whether the country case management of fever amongst children under five, adhered to the NMCP's strategic plan and look into the barriers to the use of ACT...
January 22, 2018: BMC Public Health
Mostafa Hosseini, Roya Kelishadi, Masoud Baikpour, Neamatollah Ataei, Mostafa Qorbani, Mahmoud Yousefifard, Ramin Heshmat, Mohammad-Esmail Motlagh, Behnaz Bazargani, Arash Abbasi, Kazem Mohammad
Background: To date, few studies looked upon obesity and overweight in children and adolescents through the 3 different temporal dimensions of age, period, and cohort. The current study aimed at evaluating the trends of these health issues among children under 19 years old using the age-period-cohort (APC) analysis. Methods: Data gathered through 5 cross sectional studies including 2 national health surveillance (1990 - 91 and 1999), and 3 CASPIAN surveys (2003, 2009, and 2011)...
October 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Jennifer Hilger-Kolb, Catherin Bosle, Irina Motoc, Kristina Hoffmann
BACKGROUND: The obesity prevalence in children and adolescents has increased worldwide during the past 30 years. Although diet has been identified as one risk factor for developing obesity in this age group, the role of specific dietary factors is still unclear. One way to gain insight into the role of these factors might be to detect biomarkers that reflect metabolic health and to identify the associations between dietary factors and these biomarkers. This would enable nutrition-related metabolic changes to be detected early in life, which might be a promising strategy to prevent childhood obesity...
December 28, 2017: Nutrition Journal
Dae-Wook Kang, Zehra Esra Ilhan, Nancy G Isern, David W Hoyt, Daniel P Howsmon, Michael Shaffer, Catherine A Lozupone, Juergen Hahn, James B Adams, Rosa Krajmalnik-Brown
Evidence supporting that gut problems are linked to ASD symptoms has been accumulating both in humans and animal models of ASD. Gut microbes and their metabolites may be linked not only to GI problems but also to ASD behavior symptoms. Despite this high interest, most previous studies have looked mainly at microbial structure, and studies on fecal metabolites are rare in the context of ASD. Thus, we aimed to detect fecal metabolites that may be present at significantly different concentrations between 21 children with ASD and 23 neurotypical children and to investigate its possible link to human gut microbiome...
December 21, 2017: Anaerobe
Qi Wang, Carole Peterson, Angel Khuu, Carissa P Reid, Kayleigh L Maxwell, Julia M Vincent
Our previous studies have consistently shown a telescoping error in children's dating of earliest childhood memories. Preschool children through adolescents systematically date their earliest memories at older ages, in comparison with the age estimates provided by their parents or by themselves previously. In the current study, we examined the dating of earliest childhood memories in two samples of college adults and collected independent age estimates from their parents. Consistent with our findings with children, adults significantly postdated their earlier memories by approximately 12 months (Study 1) and 6 months (Study 2)...
December 13, 2017: Memory
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"