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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799289/prenatal-exposure-to-fever-is-associated-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-the-boston-birth-cohort
#1
Martha Brucato, Christine Ladd-Acosta, Mengying Li, Deanna Caruso, Xiumei Hong, Jamie Kaczaniuk, Elizabeth A Stuart, M Daniele Fallin, Xiaobin Wang
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is phenotypically and etiologically heterogeneous, with evidence for genetic and environmental contributions to disease risk. Research has focused on the prenatal period as a time where environmental exposures are likely to influence risk for ASD. Epidemiological studies have shown significant associations between prenatal exposure to maternal immune activation (MIA), caused by infections and fever, and ASD. However, due to differences in study design and exposure measurements no consistent patterns have emerged revealing specific times or type of MIA exposure that are most important to ASD risk...
August 11, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798828/dimercaptosuccinic-acid-scintigraphy-vs-ultrasound-for-renal-parenchymal-defects-in-children
#2
Maryse Marceau-Grimard, Audrey Marion, Christian Côté, Stephane Bolduc, Marcel Dumont, Katherine Moore
INTRODUCTION: Dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) scintigraphy is the gold standard in the evaluation of renal parenchymal defects and is widely used in the pediatric population. As more recent ultrasound equipment was purchased at our tertiary pediatric centre, our objective was to evaluate if renal ultrasound (US) results are equivalent or sufficient when compared to DMSA scintigraphy in the assessment of renal anomalies. METHODS: The charts of all 463 patients who underwent DMSA scintigraphy between January 2009 and May 2014 at our pediatric tertiary centre were reviewed...
August 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758783/mind-mindedness-in-parents-of-looked-after-children
#3
Sarah Fishburn, Elizabeth Meins, Sarah Greenhow, Christine Jones, Simon Hackett, Nina Biehal, Helen Baldwin, Linda Cusworth, Jim Wade
The studies reported here aimed to test the proposal that mind-mindedness is a quality of personal relationships by assessing mind-mindedness in caregiver-child dyads in which the relationship has not spanned the child's life or in which the relationship has been judged dysfunctional. Studies 1 and 2 investigated differences in mind-mindedness between adoptive parents (ns = 89, 36) and biological parents from the general population (ns = 54, 114). Both studies found lower mind-mindedness in adoptive compared with biological parents...
July 31, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750368/changes-in-white-matter-integrity-following-intensive-voice-treatment-lsvt-loud%C3%A2-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-and-motor-speech-disorders
#4
Alesha Reed, Jacqueline Cummine, Reyhaneh Bakhtiari, Cynthia M Fox, Carol A Boliek
Preliminary evidence suggests that intensive voice and speech treatment based on activity-dependent neuroplasticity principles holds promise for affecting positive change in children with cerebral palsy (CP) and motor speech disorders. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) allows researchers to make inferences about the integrity of white matter tracks and provides a sensitive measure of neuroplasticity. Previous treatment studies looking at the effects of training on white matter integrity have shown positive results, but these studies have been limited to gross motor function...
July 28, 2017: Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740476/parental-education-and-aggressive-behavior-in-children-a-moderated-mediation-model-for-inhibitory-control-and-gender
#5
Rosario Cabello, María J Gutiérrez-Cobo, Pablo Fernández-Berrocal
Aggressive behaviors are highly prevalent in children. Given their negative consequences, it is necessary to look for protective factors that prevent or reduce their progress in early development before they become highly unshakable. With a sample of 147 children, the present study aimed to assess the relation between parental education and inhibitory control in the aggressive behavior of children aged from 7 to 10 years. The participants completed a go/no-go task to assess inhibitory control, whilst their parents reported their education level, and their teachers rated the aggressive behavior of the children through the Teacher Rating Scale (TRS) of the Behavior Assessment System for Children 2 (BASC-2)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739959/young-children-communicate-their-ignorance-and-ask-questions
#6
Paul L Harris, Deborah T Bartz, Meredith L Rowe
Children acquire information, especially about the culture in which they are being raised, by listening to other people. Recent evidence has shown that young children are selective learners who preferentially accept information, especially from informants who are likely to be representative of the surrounding culture. However, the extent to which children understand this process of information transmission and actively exploit it to fill gaps in their knowledge has not been systematically investigated. We review evidence that toddlers exhibit various expressive behaviors when faced with knowledge gaps...
July 24, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725453/development-of-an-implementation-intention-based-intervention-to-change-children-s-and-parent-carers-behaviour
#7
Karen Davies, Christopher J Armitage, Yin-Ling Lin, James Munro, Tanya Walsh, Peter Callery
BACKGROUND: Implementation intentions enable individuals to translate good intentions into action. Parents and children can find maintaining oral health difficult, as evidenced by the presence of tooth decay. This is a common condition in children in spite of being preventable through the use of regular tooth brushing, fluoride protection and avoiding sugar intake. Even when parents and children are positive about looking after the teeth, they can face challenges in maintaining consistent habits...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725208/aldo-van-eyck-s-playgrounds-aesthetics-affordances-and-creativity
#8
Rob Withagen, Simone R Caljouw
After World War II, the Dutch architect Aldo van Eyck developed hundreds of playgrounds in the city of Amsterdam. These public playgrounds were located in parks, squares, and derelict sites, and consisted of minimalistic aesthetic play equipment that was supposed to stimulate the creativity of children. Over the last decades, these playgrounds have been studied by sociologists, theorists of art and architecture, and psychologists. Adopting an ecological approach to the human environment, it is argued that the abstract forms of van Eyck's play sculptures indeed stimulate the creativity of the child...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719594/prophylactic-therapy-of-cyclic-vomiting-syndrome-in-children-comparison-of-amitriptyline-and-cyproheptadine-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Negin Badihian, Hossein Saneian, Shervin Badihian, Omid Yaghini
OBJECTIVES: Cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) is a common functional gastrointestinal disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of nausea and vomiting. There is no definite treatment for the condition, although some medications are recommended. We aimed to compare the efficacy of amitriptyline and cyproheptadine in prophylactic therapy of CVS. METHODS: This is a single-blinded randomized clinical trial conducted during 2015-2016 in Isfahan, Iran. Sixty-four children who were 3-15 years old, with a diagnosis of CVS (based on Rome III criteria), were included in the study and were randomly divided into two groups of amitriptyline and cyproheptadine...
July 18, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713800/strategies-for-meaningful-engagement-between-community-based-health-researchers-and-first-nations-participants
#10
Jaime Cidro, Marion Maar, Sabrina Peressini, Robert J Schroth, John Broughton, Lisa Jamieson, Herenia P Lawrence
The Baby Teeth Talk Study (BTT) is a partnership-based research project looking at interventions to prevent early childhood caries (ECC) in First Nations populations in Canada. Community-based researchers (CBRs) conducted preventive and behavioral interventions that targeted expectant mothers and their newborns, over a 3-year period. The work of the CBRs requires a great deal of training and skills to administer the interventions. It also requires a broad set of strategies to meaningfully engage participants to make health-promoting changes in their behavior to prevent ECC in their children...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712168/justification-for-re-look-cystoscopy-after-posterior-urethral-valve-fulguration
#11
Gul Nawaz, Ijaz Hussain, Shujah Muhammad, Muhammad Imran Jamil, Asad Ur Rehman, Nadeem Iqbal, Saeed Akhter
BACKGROUND: Posterior urethral valve (PUV) is life-threatening congenital anomaly of the urinary tract that results in vesicoureteric reflux, recurrent UTI, voiding dysfunction and renal insufficiency if not treat timely. Endoscopic ablation of posterior urethral valves using cold knife or laser is the current gold standard therapy. Many urologists go for repeat cystoscopy to see residual valve or stricture while others repeat VCUG to measure the posterior to anterior urethral ratio for residual obstruction...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699379/what-dilemmas-do-healthcare-workers-face-looking-after-children-with-acute-pain
#12
Glyn Williams
There have been significant advances in the treatment of acute pain in children alongside increased academic interest in the field. This has led to improvements in both efficacy and safety alongside the development of multidisciplinary pain services. Despite this, however, there are still high rates of acute pain reported in children in both inpatient and outpatient settings. In this article, we discuss some of the challenges faced by healthcare workers in designing effective multidisciplinary treatment regimens, understanding the implications for long-term pain and pain processing of acute pain and analgesic interventions as well as ongoing issues around research, education and resource...
July 12, 2017: Pain Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681920/how-do-foster-carers-manage-the-oral-health-of-children-in-foster-care-a-qualitative-study
#13
Vanessa Muirhead, Sri-Kavi Subramanian, Desmond Wright, Ferranti S L Wong
OBJECTIVES: This qualitative study explored how the foster family environment influenced children's oral health. It also aimed to better understand foster carers' oral health knowledge, attitudes and experiences of managing foster children's oral health behaviours and oral health care. METHODS: An interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) study design was used to recruit a purposive sample of foster carers in Tower Hamlets, United Kingdom, from a range of backgrounds (maximum variation sampling)...
July 6, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666173/linking-routinely-collected-social-work-education-and-health-data-to-enable-monitoring-of-the-health-and-health-care-of-school-aged-children-in-state-care-looked-after-children-in-scotland-a-national-demonstration-project
#14
D Clark, A King, K Sharpe, G Connelly, L Elliott, L M D Macpherson, A D McMahon, I Milligan, P Wilson, D I Conway, R Wood
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Children in state care ('looked after children') have poorer health than children who are not looked after. Recent developments in Scotland and elsewhere have aimed to improve services and outcomes for looked after children. Routine monitoring of the health outcomes of looked after children compared to those of their non-looked after peers is currently lacking. Developing capacity for comparative monitoring of population-based outcomes based on linkage of routinely collected administrative data has been identified as a priority...
June 27, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664686/knowledge-of-parents-from-urban-and-rural-areas-vs-prevention-methods-of-hearing-loss-threats-seen-as-challenges-for-public-health
#15
Maria Danuta Głowacka, Piotr Świdziński, Anna Frankowska, Beata Bajurna, Jerzy Marcinkowski, Ewa Mojs
[b]Introduction.[/b] Parents as day-to-day caregivers looking after their children's health and upbringing are crucial in the process of hearing loss prevention among the young. The aim of the study was to assess the parents' knowledge and awareness of hazards bringing about hearing loss, possibilities to prevent this, as well as their reaction in the case of problems of their children with hearing. [b]Material and methods. [/b]The research group comprised respondents (402 persons), medical or paramedical professionals...
May 11, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636664/looking-at-paintings-in-the-vincent-van-gogh-museum-eye-movement-patterns-of-children-and-adults
#16
Francesco Walker, Berno Bucker, Nicola C Anderson, Daniel Schreij, Jan Theeuwes
In the present study, we examined the eye movement behaviour of children and adults looking at five Van Gogh paintings in the Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam. The goal of the study was to determine the role of top-down and bottom-up attentional processes in the first stages of participants' aesthetic experience. Bottom-up processes were quantified by determining a salience map for each painting. Top-down processing was manipulated by first allowing participants to view the paintings freely, then providing background information about each painting, and then allowing them to view the paintings a second time...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634965/the-treatment-of-iron-deficiency-without-anaemia-in-otherwise-healthy-persons
#17
German E Clénin
Iron deficiency is the most widespread and frequent nutritional disorder in the world. It affects a high proportion of children and women in developing countries and is also significantly prevalent in the industrialised world, with a clear predominance in adolescents and menstruating females. Iron is essential for optimal cognitive function and physical performance, not only as a binding site of oxygen but also as a critical constituent of many enzymes. Therefore iron deficiency at all its levels - nonanaemic iron deficiency, iron deficiency with microcytosis or hypochromia and iron deficiency anaemia - should be treated...
June 21, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626438/sensitivity-to-stroke-emerges-in-kindergartners-reading-chinese-script
#18
Su Li, Li Yin
To what extent are young children sensitive to individual stroke, the smallest unit of writing in Chinese that carries no phonological or semantic information? The present study examined Chinese kindergartners' sensitivity to stroke and the contribution of reading ability and age to stroke sensitivity. Fifty five children from Beijing, including 28 4-year-olds (Mage = 4.55 years, SD = 0.28, 16 males) and 29 5-year-olds (Mage = 5.58 years, SD = 0.30, 14 males), were administered an orthographic matching task and assessed on non-verbal IQ and Chinese word reading...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593633/a-sequence-analysis-of-patterns-in-self-harm-in-young-people-with-and-without-experience-of-being-looked-after-in-care
#19
Ruth Wadman, David Clarke, Kapil Sayal, Marie Armstrong, Caroline Harroe, Pallab Majumder, Panos Vostanis, Ellen Townsend
OBJECTIVES: Young people in the public care system ('looked-after' young people) have high levels of self-harm. DESIGN: This paper reports the first detailed study of factors leading to self-harm over time in looked-after young people in England, using sequence analyses of the Card Sort Task for Self-harm (CaTS). METHODS: Young people in care (looked-after group: n = 24; 14-21 years) and young people who had never been in care (contrast group: n = 21; 13-21 years) completed the CaTS, describing sequences of factors leading to their first and most recent episodes of self-harm...
June 8, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593052/scaling-up-contraceptives-use-in-the-division-with-lowest-contraceptives-use-in-bangladesh-sources-methods-and-determinants
#20
Gulam Muhammed Al Kibria, Vanessa Burrowes, Sharmin Majumder, Atia Sharmeen, Rifath Ara Alam Barsha, Shakir Hossen
BACKGROUND: Total fertility rate (TFR) is high and at a static level for the last two decades in Bangladesh. Reduction of fertility by increasing contraceptives use could reduce maternal and neonatal mortality. To achieve the targeted contraceptive prevalence rate (CPR) of Family Planning 2020 (FP2020) Initiative, it is important to increase CPR in all regions of the country. However, it is lower in Sylhet Division compared to other divisions in Bangladesh. This study looked into the methods, source and determinants of contraceptives use in this division...
2017: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
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