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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421946/-it-s-a-privilege-to-look-after-these-children
#1
Alison Moore
Moving from children's to adult services is a daunting time for any young person and those who care for them, but for those with rare diseases it can be particularly challenging.
April 19, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420255/chemical-and-common-burns-in-children
#2
Shan Yin
Burns are a common cause of preventable morbidity and mortality in children. Thermal and chemical burns are the most common types of burns. Their clinical appearance can be similar and the treatment is largely similar. Thermal burns in children occur primarily after exposure to a hot surface or liquid, or contact with fire. Burns are typically classified based on the depth and total body surface area, and the severity and onset of the burn can also depend on the temperature and duration of contact. Chemical burns are caused by chemicals-most commonly acids and alkalis-that can damage the skin on contact...
May 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389967/a-file-study-of-refugee-children-referred-to-specialized-mental-health-care-from-an-individual-diagnostic-to-an-ecological-perspective
#3
Julia Villanueva O'Driscoll, Geertrui Serneels, Lindita Imeraj
The past years have been characterized by a large refugee crisis across the globe. The exposure to preflight, flight, and resettlement stressors puts refugee children and their families at risk of developing emotional and behavioral disorders. A unique Western-based approach of mental health problems seems to be insufficient to address the complexity of interactions between individual vulnerabilities and more ecological surrounding systems. We looked into (1) the reasons for referral; and (2) the process diagnostic outcomes after ethnopsychiatric and psychological assessment...
April 7, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383344/effects-of-california-assembly-bill-2109-in-low-vaccination-rate-counties-are-we-looking-at-the-right-variables
#4
Cody Rosentrater, Tracy L Finlayson, K Michael Peddecord
OBJECTIVES: California Assembly Bill 2109 (AB2109) was passed in 2012 and restricted the obtainment of personal belief exemptions (PBEs) for vaccination requirements for school-aged children. This study examined changes in up-to-date (UTD) vaccination rates, PBEs, and conditionally accepted students (CASs) at 3 time points. The study also examined the association of PBEs and CASs on county and school immunization rates. DESIGN: This study utilized 6 academic years of immunization data from all kindergartens in California from 2010-2011 to 2015-2016...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329128/quinolone-ear-drops-after-tympanostomy-tubes-and-the-risk-of-eardrum-perforation-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#5
Adel Alrwisan, Patrick J Antonelli, Almut G Winterstein
Background.: This study investigated whether quinolone ear drops, with or without corticosteroids, increase the risk of perforation requiring tympanoplasty following tympanostomy tube (TT) placement in children. Methods.: This was a retrospective cohort study using Medicaid encounter and pharmacy billing data from 29 US states between 1999 and 2006. Children <18 years old without predisposing factors for perforation during a 6-month look-back period entered the cohort after TT placement and first dispensing of antibiotic ear drops...
April 15, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327419/concomitant-unilateral-post-traumatic-leg-and-foot-compartment-syndrome-in-a-5-years-old-child-case-report
#6
Aissam Elmhiregh, Adel El Feghih, Khaled Faraj
BACKGROUND: Compartment syndrome is one of the most serious orthopedic emergencies [4]. It is usually anticipated and looked at in every single orthopedic case. Early recognition and management of those cases are quite important in order to avoid the devastating consequences of such condition. CASE SUMMARY: This is a case report of a 5 years old child with concomitant unilateral leg and foot compartment syndrome after a roll over trauma. The patient was presented with significant leg and foot swelling, severe pain and absent distal pulses...
February 27, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318512/understanding-children-s-heart-surgery-data-a-cross-disciplinary-approach-to-codevelop-a-website
#7
REVIEW
Christina Pagel, Emily Jesper, Joanne Thomas, Emily Blackshaw, Tim Rakow, Mike Pearson, David Spiegelhalter
Risk-adjusted survival statistics after children's heart surgery are published annually in the United Kingdom. Interpreting these statistics is difficult, and better resources about how to interpret survival data are needed. Here we describe how a multidisciplinary team of mathematicians, psychologists, and a charity worked with parents of heart surgery children and other users to codevelop online resources to present survival outcomes. Early and ongoing involvement of users was crucial and considerably changed the content, scope, and look of the website, and the formal psychology experiments provided deeper insight...
March 15, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317146/immunization-of-looked-after-children-and-young-people-a-review-of-the-literature
#8
REVIEW
S Walton, H Bedford
BACKGROUND: Numbers of looked-after children and young people (LACYP) in the UK have risen over the last seven years. Looked-after children and young people should receive regular health assessments, including establishing immunization status and, if needed, developing a health plan to achieve full immunization. The Department for Education publish data on immunizations among LACYP to monitor both how well they are immunized and service performance. METHODS: A literature review was conducted using four databases (PubMed, Embase, Scopus and Web of Science) on immunization status of LACYP, factors affecting uptake and challenges to immunization, and interventions to improve immunization rates...
March 19, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315491/vibrating-mesh-nebulizer-maintenance-by-cf-patients-results-from-a-french-survey
#9
Melisande Baravalle-Einaudi, Nadine Dufeu, Christian Dupont, Laurent Vecellio, Bertrand Delaisi, Ania Carsin, Jean-Christophe Dubus
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Vibrating-mesh nebulizers are widely used at home for cystic fibrosis (CF) treatment, with a therapeutic efficiency closely linked to the mesh performance. This national study looks at the maintenance at home by CF patients and their families of the mesh of the eFlow(®)rapid nebulizer. Ninety-two patients from 34 French CF centers, treated at home with inhaled drugs delivered with a vibrating-mesh nebulizer, answered to a phone standardized questionnaire specifying the different techniques of maintenance of the nebulizer...
March 14, 2017: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292861/assessment-of-diffuse-ventricular-myocardial-fibrosis-using-native-t1-in-children-with-repaired-tetralogy-of-fallot
#10
Deane Yim, Eugenie Riesenkampff, Pablo Caro-Dominguez, Shi-Joon Yoo, Mike Seed, Lars Grosse-Wortmann
BACKGROUND: Myocardial fibrosis is linked with adverse clinical outcomes in adults after tetralogy of Fallot repair (rTOF). Native T1 times (T1) by cardiac magnetic resonance have been shown to be a surrogate marker of diffuse myocardial fibrosis. The objective was to quantify native T1 in children post-rTOF and to evaluate their relationship with surgical, imaging, and clinical factors. METHODS AND RESULTS: A retrospective cross-sectional study was performed. Midventricular native T1 were obtained in 100 children post-rTOF using a modified look-locker inversion recovery cardiac magnetic resonance sequence and compared with 35 pediatric controls...
March 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288272/interventions-to-improve-inhaler-technique-for-people-with-asthma
#11
REVIEW
Rebecca Normansell, Kayleigh M Kew, Alexander G Mathioudakis
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a common chronic disease worldwide. Inhalers are often prescribed to help control asthma symptoms, improve quality of life and reduce the risk of exacerbations or flare-ups. However, evidence suggests that many people with asthma do not use their inhaler correctly. It is therefore important to evaluate whether interventions aimed specifically at improving technique are effective and safe, and whether use of these interventions translates into improved clinical outcomes...
March 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277093/attachment-and-emotion-regulation-in-middle-childhood-changes-in-affect-and-vagal-tone-during-a-social-stress-task
#12
Mahsa Movahed Abtahi, Kathryn A Kerns
In middle childhood, more securely attached children show better emotion regulation when assessed as general tendencies (e.g. coping style), but studies looking at emotion in response to specific stressors have revealed mixed results. This study examined how attachment security, avoidance, and ambivalence - assessed with a story stem task (99 children, 9-11 years old) - relate to dynamic indices of affective and autonomic responses (baseline, reactivity, recovery). Reports of positive and negative affect, and high-frequency heart rate variability (HF-HRV), were assessed during a social stressor task...
February 28, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270780/addressing-the-math-practice-gap-in-elementary-school-are-tablets-a-feasible-tool-for-informal-math-practice
#13
Sara T Stacy, Macey Cartwright, Zjanya Arwood, James P Canfield, Heidi Kloos
Students rarely practice math outside of school requirements, which we refer to as the "math-practice gap". This gap might be the reason why students struggle with math, making it urgent to develop means by which to address it. In the current paper, we propose that math apps offer a viable solution to the math-practice gap: Online apps can provide access to a large number of problems, tied to immediate feedback, and delivered in an engaging way. To substantiate this conversation, we looked at whether tablets are sufficiently engaging to motivate children's informal math practice...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264065/maternal-cancer-and-congenital-anomalies-in-children-a-danish-nationwide-cohort-study
#14
Natalie C Momen, Andreas Ernst, Linn Håkonsen Arendt, Jørn Olsen, Jiong Li, Mika Gissler, Finn Rasmussen, Cecilia Høst Ramlau-Hansen
Several studies on pregnancy-associated cancers have suggested an association with congenital anomalies in offspring. Previous studies have included maternal cancers diagnosed up to 2 years after pregnancy; however, long latency periods of some cancers mean that cancers diagnosed many years postpartum might have been present during pregnancy in a preclinical state. This paper considers the association between maternal cancers diagnosed from 2 years prior to pregnancy until the mother reaches 50 years of age, and congenital anomalies, as diagnosed at birth or within the first year of life...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259480/do-all-children-who-present-with-a-complex-febrile-seizure-need-a-lumbar-puncture
#15
Romain Guedj, Hélène Chappuy, Luigi Titomanlio, Loic De Pontual, Sandra Biscardi, Gisèle Nissack-Obiketeki, Béatrice Pellegrino, Oussama Charara, François Angoulvant, Julien Denis, Corinne Levy, Robert Cohen, Solène Loschi, Pierre Louis Leger, Ricardo Carbajal
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We assess the prevalences of bacterial meningitis and herpes simplex virus meningoencephalitis (HSV-ME) in children with a complex febrile seizure and determine these prevalences in the subgroup of children with a clinical examination result not suggestive of meningitis or encephalitis. METHODS: This multicenter retrospective study was conducted in 7 pediatric emergency departments (EDs) in the region of Paris, France. Visits of patients aged 6 months to 5 years for a complex febrile seizure from January 2007 to December 2011 were analyzed...
March 1, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253398/otogenic-temporomandibular-arthritis-in-children
#16
Alice Burgess, Charlotte Celerier, Sylvain Breton, Thierry Van den Abbeele, Natacha Kadlub, Nicolas Leboulanger, Noël Garabedian, Vincent Couloigner
Importance: Septic arthritis of the temporomandibular joint (SATMJ) is a very rare but potentially severe complication of pediatric middle ear infections because it presents risks of TMJ ankylosis. Objective: To describe the clinical, radiological, biological, and microbiological characteristics and evolution of SATMJ complicating middle ear infections (otogenic SATMJ) in children. Design, Setting, and Participants: This multicenter retrospective study included all children younger than 18 years referred between January 1, 2005, and December 31, 2015, for otogenic SATMJ or for TMJ ankylosis that occurred a few months to a few years after an acute mastoiditis...
March 2, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250962/the-herts-and-minds-study-evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-mentalization-based-treatment-mbt-as-an-intervention-for-children-in-foster-care-with-emotional-and-or-behavioural-problems-a-phase-ii-feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Nick Midgley, Sarah Jane Besser, Helen Dye, Pasco Fearon, Tim Gale, Kiri Jefferies-Sewell, Karen Irvine, Joyce Robinson, Solange Wyatt, David Wellsted, Sally Wood
BACKGROUND: A significant proportion of children in the social care system in England present with mental health problems, with the majority experiencing some form of emotional and behavioural difficulties. The most effective treatments for these children are currently unknown, partly due to a lack of robust, controlled studies. Researchers have identified a number of obstacles to conducting well-designed research with this population, making the need to test the feasibility of a randomised controlled trial especially important...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245890/one-hundred-years-of-neglect-in-paediatric-schistosomiasis
#18
Amaya L Bustinduy, Stephen Wright, Elizabeth C Joekes, Narcis B Kabatereine, Jutta Reinhard-Rupp, Charles H King, J Russell Stothard
Early in the history of schistosomiasis research, children under 5 years of age were known to be infected. Although this problem was recognized over 100 years ago, insufficient action has been taken to address this issue. Under current policy, such infected children only receive their first antiparasitic treatment (praziquantel - PZQ) upon entry into primary school as current mass drug administration programmes typically target school-aged children. For many infected children, they will wait up to 6 years before receiving their first medication and significant schistosomiasis-related morbidity may have already established...
March 1, 2017: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239209/systematic-review-of-educational-interventions-for-looked-after-children-and-young-people-recommendations-for-intervention-development-and-evaluation
#19
Rhiannon Evans, Rachel Brown, Gwyther Rees, Philip Smith
Looked-after children and young people (LACYP) are educationally disadvantaged compared to the general population. A systematic review was conducted of randomised controlled trials evaluating interventions aimed at LACYP aged ≤18 years. Restrictions were not placed on delivery setting or delivery agent. Intervention outcomes were: academic skills; academic achievement and grade completion; special education status; homework completion; school attendance, suspension, and drop-out; number of school placements; teacher-student relationships; school behaviour; and academic attitudes...
February 2017: British Educational Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236729/parental-stress-pediatric-quality-of-life-and-behavior-at-baseline-and-one-year-follow-up-results-from-the-febstat-study
#20
Ruth C Shinnar, Shlomo Shinnar, Dale C Hesdorffer, Kathryn O'Hara, Terrie Conklin, Karen Mohler Cornett, Diana Miazga, Shumei Sun
Febrile status epilepticus is a serious and frightening event in the life of the child and parent. It is regarded as a medical emergency with potential long lasting consequences. The purpose of this study was to look at the immediate and long term effects of such an event on parental stress and parents' perception of their child's physical and psychosocial wellbeing. METHODS: From 2003 to 2010, 199 subjects, age 1 month to 5 years, were recruited as part of a prospective, multicenter study (FEBSTAT) of consequences of febrile status epilepticus (FSE)...
February 22, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
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