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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156240/mental-files-theory-of-mind-when-do-children-consider-agents-acquainted-with-different-object-identities
#1
Michael Huemer, Josef Perner, Brian Leahy
Mental files theory explains why children pass many perspective taking tasks like the false belief test around age 4 (Perner & Leahy, 2016). It also explains why older children struggle to understand that beliefs about an object depend on how one is acquainted with it (intensionality or aspectuality). If Heinz looks at an object that is both a die and an eraser, but cannot tell by looking that it is an eraser, he will not reach for it if he needs an eraser. Four- to 6-year olds find this difficult (Apperly & Robinson, 1998)...
November 16, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149474/interventions-for-old-world-cutaneous-leishmaniasis
#2
REVIEW
Julio Heras-Mosteiro, Begoña Monge-Maillo, Mariona Pinart, Patricia Lopez Pereira, Emely Garcia-Carrasco, Pedro Campuzano Cuadrado, Ana Royuela, Irene Mendez Roman, Rogelio López-Vélez
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous leishmaniasis, caused by a parasitic infection, is considered one of the most serious skin diseases in many low- and middle-income countries. Old World cutaneous leishmaniasis (OWCL) is caused by species found in Africa, Asia, the Middle East, the Mediterranean, and India. The most commonly prescribed treatments are antimonials, but other drugs have been used with varying success. As OWCL tends to heal spontaneously, it is necessary to justify the use of systemic and topical treatments...
November 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148206/comparison-of-valvar-and-right-ventricular-function-following-transcatheter-and-surgical-pulmonary-valve-replacement
#3
Wendy F Li, Heidi Pollard, Mohsen Karimi, Jeremy D Asnes, William E Hellenbrand, Veronika Shabanova, Constance G Weismann
OBJECTIVE: Trans-catheter (TC) pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) has become common practice for patients with right ventricular outflow tract obstruction (RVOTO) and/or pulmonic insufficiency (PI). Our aim was to compare PVR and right ventricular (RV) function of patients who received TC vs surgical PVR. DESIGN: Retrospective review of echocardiograms obtained at three time points: before, immediately after PVR, and most recent. PATIENTS: Sixty-two patients (median age 19 years, median follow-up 25 months) following TC (N = 32) or surgical (N = 30) PVR at Yale-New Haven Hospital were included...
November 17, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143412/reverse-production-effect-children-recognize-novel-words-better-when-they-are-heard-rather-than-produced
#4
Tania S Zamuner, Stephanie Strahm, Elizabeth Morin-Lessard, Michael P A Page
This research investigates the effect of production on 4.5- to 6-year-old children's recognition of newly learned words. In Experiment 1, children were taught four novel words in a produced or heard training condition during a brief training phase. In Experiment 2, children were taught eight novel words, and this time training condition was in a blocked design. Immediately after training, children were tested on their recognition of the trained novel words using a preferential looking paradigm. In both experiments, children recognized novel words that were produced and heard during training, but demonstrated better recognition for items that were heard...
November 15, 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141794/short-term-outcome-of-adem-results-from-a-retrospective-cohort-study-from-south-india
#5
Mary Iype, P A Mohammed Kunju, Geetha Saradakutty, T S Anish, Mini Sreedharan, Shahanaz M Ahamed
INTRODUCTION: Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM), an immune mediated inflammatory disease is common in children. The profile and immediate outcome of children hospitalized with ADEM is scarce in the available literature. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to study the clinical profile of children with ADEM and to look for prognostic factors for outcome at discharge from hospital METHODS: We chose a retrospective cohort study of all children diagnosed with ADEM at our institution between January 2006 and December 2015, and they were evaluated, after excluding other diagnoses when they were summoned for a follow up visit...
November 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125217/an-evaluation-of-the-impact-of-fifa-world-cup-on-soccer-emergency-department-injuries-among-montreal-adolescents
#6
Glenn Keays, Debbie Friedman, Marianne Beaudin, Isabelle Gagnon
AIM: The 'trickle-down effect', or how major sports events have a positive impact on sports participation, has been the subject of many studies, but none produced conclusive results. We took a different approach and rather than look at sports participation, we used injuries as a proxy and see if injuries increased, or remained the same, after the International Federation of Association Football World Cup. METHODS: Using a retrospective cohort design, we looked at the injuries suffered by males and females (13-16 years old) while playing team sports in Montreal, that occurred in May to July, from 1999 to 2014...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119828/a-pilot-study-of-children-s-physical-activity-levels-during-imagination-based-mobile-games
#7
James W Patten, Grace Iarocci, Nis Bojin
This research looked at Biba: a suite of mobile games intended to get kids back out to playgrounds and engaging in more moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Year after year, annual national surveys report a general decline in physical activity amongst children and a corresponding increase in screen time. Further to this, time spent outside by children has been reported to be on the decline since the 1980s. Recent work has suggested that in order to 'maintain the outdoor recreation participation of children across America, park and recreation professionals may need to embrace the expanding role of technology'...
September 2017: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107378/the-role-of-the-indoor-environment-residential-determinants-of-allergy-asthma-and-pulmonary-function-in-children-from-a-us-mexico-border-community
#8
Erik R Svendsen, Melissa Gonzales, Adwoa Commodore
The El Paso Children's Health Study examined environmental risk factors for allergy and asthma among fourth and fifth grade schoolchildren living in a major United States-Mexico border city. Complete questionnaire information was available for 5210 children, while adequate pulmonary function data were available for a subset of 1874. Herein we studied indoor environmental health risk factors for allergy and asthma. Several indoor environmental risk factors were associated with allergy and asthma. In particular, we found that ant and spider pest problems, pet dogs, fireplace heat, central air conditioning, humidifier use, and cooking with gas stoves were positively associated with both allergy and asthma prevalence...
October 26, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097032/-the-infections-of-the-ear
#9
Catherine Nowak, Lei Tanaka, Serge Bobin, Jérôme Nevoux
In front of external otitis in spite of a well-conducted treatment, especially in immunodeficient patient, it is always necessary to look for an osteomyelitis of the skull base that requires an urgent parenteral antibiotic treatment of several weeks. Acute otitis media (AOM) is the most common bacterial infection of the child. In children under 2 years with purulent AOM, antibiotic therapy with amoxicilline is systematic for a period of 8-10 days. After 2 years of age and with mild symptoms of AOM, symptomatic treatment may be justified as first-line treatment...
October 30, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052504/family-effects-on-the-rurality-of-gp-s-work-location-a-longitudinal-panel-study
#10
Matthew R McGrail, Deborah J Russell, Belinda G O'Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Reduced opportunities for children's schooling and spouse's/partner's employment are identified internationally as key barriers to general practitioners (GPs) working rurally. This paper aims to measure longitudinal associations between the rurality of GP work location and having (i) school-aged children and (ii) a spouse/partner in the workforce. METHODS: Participants included 4377 GPs responding to at least two consecutive annual surveys of the Medicine in Australia: Balancing Employment and Life (MABEL) national longitudinal study between 2008 and 2014...
October 19, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051879/the-destructive-power-of-circumstance-on-concurrent-poliomyelitis-and-osteomyelitis
#11
Delran Anandkumar, Ananthakrishnan Raghupathi, Ragai Gadelrab
INTRODUCTION: The current method in dealing with pediatric hip pathologies is to avoid joint replacement unless absolutely necessary. This decision is typically made on a scientific basis. However, this is not necessarily the correct approach in all cases as demonstrated in the following case report where social issues is an extremely important variable to be considered when deciding on surgical intervention. CASE REPORT: This case report is the first of its kind to highlight the pathology mentioned and the social determinants that were a causative agent in its development...
May 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043156/transition-to-school-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-systematic-review
#12
Annabel Marsh, Vanessa Spagnol, Rachel Grove, Valsamma Eapen
AIM: To identify factors that promote a positive start to school for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHODS: Web of Science, MEDLINE, Scopus, and PsychINFO searches were conducted to identify literature published after 1991 and relevant to school transition processes in children with ASD. Twenty studies were deemed eligible for inclusion. These studies evaluated a range of factors including school readiness, parent and teacher perspectives on transition practices, characteristics of children with ASD that are associated with successful transition to school and the impact of school based intervention programs...
September 22, 2017: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038958/glaucoma-following-childhood-cataract-surgery-the-south-india-experience
#13
Ifeoma Ezegwui, Meenakshi Ravindran, Neelam Pawar, Fathima Allapitchai, Ramakrishnan Rengappa, R Ramalakshmi Raman
PURPOSE: To determine the characteristics and risk factors for the development of glaucoma after cataract surgery in children seen at a major referral tertiary eye centre in South India. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of the medical records of consecutive patients seen at the glaucoma/paediatric eye clinic of the centre, with a diagnosis of glaucoma secondary to aphakia/pseudophakia over a 5-year period. RESULTS: There were 21 eyes of 14 children that developed glaucoma and 23 eyes of 12 children were selected as control...
October 16, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037775/neuroendocrine-late-effects-after-tailored-photon-radiotherapy-for-children-with-low-grade-gliomas-long-term-correlation-with-tumour-and-treatment-parameters
#14
Deborah Aloi, Liliana Belgioia, Salvina Barra, Flavio Giannelli, Francesca Cavagnetto, Fabio Gallo, Claudia Milanaccio, MariaLuisa Garrè, Sonia Di Profio, Natascia Di Iorgi, Renzo Corvò
PURPOSE: To evaluate neuroendocrine late effects in paediatric patients with low grade glioma (LGG) who underwent radiotherapy. METHODS AND MATERIAL: We performed a retrospective evaluation of 40 children with LGG treated from July 2002 to January 2015 with external radiotherapy. Tumour locations were cerebral hemisphere (n=2); posterior fossa (n=15); hypothalamic-pituitary axis (HPA, n=15); spine (n=5). Three patients presented a diffuse disease. We looked for a correlation between endocrine toxicity and tumour and treatment parameters...
October 13, 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019723/accidental-hanging-injuries-in-children-recognition-and-management
#15
Siba P Paul, Ruby Paul, Paul A Heaton
Accidental hanging is rare in childhood but is often fatal. Window blind cords pose a particular and unique risk to young children in the UK, accounting for one to two deaths annually. These accidents are frequently associated with non-adherence to the safety instructions provided by the manufacturers. Early discovery of the child and initiation of effective cardiopulmonary resuscitation at the site of the incident are likely to improve the outcome. Prolonged suspension, children who are pulseless at first contact by the emergency paramedic responder, and patients with prolonged periods of remaining in asystole before return of spontaneous circulation after starting cardiopulmonary resuscitation are unlikely to have intact neurological survival...
October 2, 2017: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979053/the-consequences-of-being-labelled-looked-after-exploring-the-educational-experiences-of-looked-after-children-and-young-people-in-wales
#16
Dawn Mannay, Rhiannon Evans, Eleanor Staples, Sophie Hallett, Louise Roberts, Alyson Rees, Darren Andrews
The educational experiences and attainment of looked-after children and young people (LACYP) remains an issue of widespread international concern. Within the UK, children and young people in care achieve poorer educational outcomes compared to individuals not in care. Despite proliferation of research documenting the reasons for educational disadvantage amongst this population, there remains limited empirical consideration of the lived experiences of the educational system, as perceived by LACYP themselves...
August 2017: British Educational Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961675/nasopharyngeal-pneumococcal-colonization-and-impact-of-a-single-dose-of-13-valent-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine-in-indian-children-with-hiv-and-their-unvaccinated-parents
#17
Bikas K Arya, Sangeeta Das Bhattacharya, Catherine G Sutcliffe, Feroze Ganaie, Arun Bhaskar, Subhasish Bhattacharyya, Swapan Kumar Niyogi, William J Moss, Samiran Panda, K L Ravikumar, Ranjan Saurav Das, Sutapa Mandal
BACKGROUND: HIV infection increases risk of invasive disease from Streptococcus pneumoniae. Pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCV) prevent invasive disease and acquisition of vaccine type (VT) pneumococcus in the nasopharynx. OBJECTIVE: To look at the safety and impact of one dose of PCV13 on acquisition of VT pneumococcal carriage in Indian children with HIV. METHOD: We conducted a cohort study in families of HIV-infected children (CLH) and families of HIV-uninfected children (HUC) in West Bengal...
September 27, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955284/looking-tasks-online-utilizing-webcams-to-collect-video-data-from-home
#18
Kilian Semmelmann, Astrid Hönekopp, Sarah Weigelt
Online experimentation is emerging as a new methodology within classical data acquisition in psychology. It allows for easy, fast, broad, and cheap data conduction from the comfort of people's homes. To add another method to the array of available tools, here we used recent developments in web technology to investigate the technical feasibility of online HyperText Markup Language-5/JavaScript-based video data recording. We employed a preferential looking task with children between 4 and 24 months. Parents and their children participated from home through a three-stage process: First, interested adults registered and took pictures through a webcam-based photo application...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945055/adjuvant-treatments-for-ependymomas
#19
E Alton Sartor, Patrick Y Wen
Ependymomas are rare primary central nervous system tumors occurring in children and young adults. They can be indolent or locally aggressive depending on location, histology, and extent of resection. Treatment involves maximal surgical resection and usually focal radiation therapy, depending on the presence of residual disease and tumor grade. Chemotherapy has been studied for both adults and children but do not have an established role in adjuvant therapy. In both age groups, treatment with mainly cisplatin based regimens can be considered in the setting of residual disease after surgery or for salvage therapy when surgery or further radiation is not indicated...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932648/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-looked-after-children-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#20
REVIEW
Renece Willis, Suyog Dhakras, Samuele Cortese
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To systematically review the literature on the prevalence and pharmacological treatment of ADHD in looked-after children (LAC). RECENT FINDINGS: LAC are a very challenging population from a clinical and psychosocial standpoint, with higher mental health needs compared to non LAC. To date, no systematic review on the prevalence of ADHD, and its treatment, in LAC is available. SUMMARY: We searched Pubmed, PsycInfo EMBASE + EMBASE CLASSIC, OVID Medline and Web of Science up to November 9 th, 2016...
2017: Current Developmental Disorders Reports
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