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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910235/the-impact-of-caregiver-mediated-jasper-on-child-restricted-and-repetitive-behaviors-and-caregiver-responses
#1
Clare Harrop, Amanda Gulsrud, Wendy Shih, Lilit Hovsepyan, Connie Kasari
Restricted and repetitive behaviors (RRBs) are a core feature of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Compared to the social-communication impairments children show, we know less about why children engage in these repetitive actions and behaviors and how to help children (and their caregivers) with these behaviors. As a result, early intervention has typically focused on social-communication. In this study, we were interested in understanding how child RRBs changed following an intervention that targeted social-communication behaviors and if the training caregivers received changed how they responded to their child's RRBs...
December 2, 2016: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907072/carers-medication-administration-errors-in-the-domiciliary-setting-a-systematic-review
#2
Anam Parand, Sara Garfield, Charles Vincent, Bryony Dean Franklin
PURPOSE: Medications are mostly taken in patients' own homes, increasingly administered by carers, yet studies of medication safety have been largely conducted in the hospital setting. We aimed to review studies of how carers cause and/or prevent medication administration errors (MAEs) within the patient's home; to identify types, prevalence and causes of these MAEs and any interventions to prevent them. METHODS: A narrative systematic review of literature published between 1 Jan 1946 and 23 Sep 2013 was carried out across the databases EMBASE, MEDLINE, PSYCHINFO, COCHRANE and CINAHL...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891819/autism-and-emotional-face-viewing
#3
Jakob Åsberg Johnels, Daniel Hovey, Nicole Zürcher, Loyse Hippolyte, Eric Lemonnier, Christopher Gillberg, Nouchine Hadjikhani
Atypical patterns of face-scanning in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may contribute to difficulties in social interactions, but there is little agreement regarding what exactly characterizes face-viewing in ASD. In addition, little research has examined how face-viewing is modulated by the emotional expression of the stimuli, in individuals with or without ASD. We used eye-tracking to explore viewing patterns during perception of dynamic emotional facial expressions in relatively large groups of individuals with (n = 57) and without ASD (n = 58) and examined diagnostic- and age-related effects, after subgrouping children and adolescents (≤18 years), on the one hand, and adults (>18 years), on the other...
November 28, 2016: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875942/a-combined-study-of-meg-and-pico-tesla-tms-on-children-with-autism-disorder
#4
Photios Anninos, Athanasios Chatzimichael, Adam Adamopoulos, Athanasia Kotini, Nicolaos Tsagas
Magnetoencephalographic (MEG) recordings from the brain of 10 children with autism (6 boys and 4 girls, with ages range from 5-12 years, mean[Formula: see text][Formula: see text][Formula: see text]SD: 8.3[Formula: see text][Formula: see text][Formula: see text]2.1) were obtained using a whole-head 122-channel MEG system in a magnetically shielded room of low magnetic noise. A double-blind experimental design was used in order to look for possible effect of external pico-Tesla Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (pT-TMS)...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865539/meta-analysis-of-prevalence-of-wheezing-and-recurrent-wheezing-in-infants
#5
I Alvarez-Alvarez, H Niu, F Guillen-Grima, I Aguinaga-Ontoso
BACKGROUND: Wheezing affects children's quality of life, and is related with asthma in childhood. Although prevalence of wheezing has been previously studied in several countries, there is no reference of worldwide prevalence in infants. The aim of this meta-analysis is to estimate the prevalence of wheezing and recurrent wheezing in infants aged up to two years, and compare the prevalence across world regions. METHODS: Literature search was conducted in MEDLINE and SCOPUS databases, looking for observational studies published up to June 2016, including as keywords "prevalence" or "epidemiology" combined with "wheeze", "wheezing" or "asthma symptoms" and "infant" or "preschool"...
November 16, 2016: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836009/how-can-we-optimise-inhaled-beta2-agonist-dose-as-reliever-medicine-for-wheezy-pre-school-children-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Somnath Mukhopadhyay, Paul Seddon, Gemma Earl, Emma Wileman, Liz Symes, Cathy Olden, Corinne Alberti, Stephen Bremner, Alison Lansley, Colin N A Palmer, Nicole Beydon
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a common problem in children and, if inadequately controlled, may seriously diminish their quality of life. Inhaled short-acting beta2 agonists such as salbutamol are usually prescribed as 'reliever' medication to help control day-to-day symptoms such as wheeze. As with many medications currently prescribed for younger children (defined as those aged 2 years 6 months to 6 years 11 months), there has been no pre-licensing age-specific pharmacological testing; consequently, the doses currently prescribed (200-1000 μg) may be ineffective or likely to induce unnecessary side effects...
November 11, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812862/not-seeing-is-believing-the-role-of-invisibility-in-human-lives
#7
Koji Komatsu
Our life is full of invisibility that exerts power on our acts, relationships, and construction of the self. This paper discusses psychological processes in which invisibility plays an essential role, and constructs a typology of invisibility in society and in our lives. After a brief look at the crucial role of invisibility in prevailing theories of psychology, I first show how invisibility works in children's meaning constructions, the process in which their selves become clear for observers (the presentational self, Komatsu 2010)...
November 3, 2016: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753766/impact-of-haemophilus-influenzae-type-b-conjugate-vaccines-on-nasopharyngeal-carriage-in-hiv-infected-children-and-their-parents-from-west-bengal-india
#8
Bikas K Arya, Sangeeta Das Bhattacharya, Catherine G Sutcliffe, Swapan Kumar Niyogi, Subhasish Bhattacharyya, Sunil Hemram, William J Moss, Samiran Panda, Ranjan Saurav Das, Sutapa Mandal, Dennis Robert, Pampa Ray
BACKGROUND: In addition to reducing Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) disease in vaccinated individuals, the Hib conjugate vaccine (HibCV) has indirect effects; it reduces Hib disease in unvaccinated individuals by decreasing carriage. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected children are at increased risk for Hib disease and live in families where multiple members may have HIV. The aim of this study is to look at the impact of 2 doses of the HibCV on nasopharyngeal carriage of Hib in HIV-infected Indian children (2-15 years) and the indirect impact on carriage in their parents...
November 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727430/withdrawn-day-care-for-pre-school-children
#9
REVIEW
Bozhena Zoritch, Ian Roberts, Ann Oakley
BACKGROUND: The debate about how, where and by whom young children should be looked after is one which has occupied much social policy and media attention in recent years. Mothers undertake most of the care of young children. Internationally, out-of-home day-care provision ranges widely. These different levels of provision are not simply a response to different levels of demand for day-care, but reflect cultural and economic interests concerning the welfare of children, the need to promote mothers' participation in paid work, and the importance of socialising children into society's values...
October 11, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727030/immunisation-practices-in-centres-caring-for-children-with-perinatally-acquired-hiv-a-call-for-harmonisation
#10
Alasdair Bamford, Emma C Manno, Maria Jose Mellado, Vana Spoulou, Laura Marques, Henriette J Scherpbier, Tim Niehues, Agnieszka Oldakowska, Paolo Rossi, Paolo Palma
BACKGROUND: Current national immunisation schedules differ between countries in terms of vaccine formulation, timing of vaccinations and immunisation programme funding and co-ordination. As a result, some HIV infected paediatric population may be left susceptible to vaccine preventable infections. Vaccines used in healthy population should be subjected to high quality ethical research and be explicitly validated for use in children with special vaccination needs such as those infected with HIV...
October 7, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723907/ultrasonography-for-acute-appendicitis-the-way-it-looks-today
#11
B Lembcke
Despite sophisticated physical examination and laboratory support, diagnosis of acute appendicitis remained challenging in clinical practice with a negative appendectomy rate of 15 - 30 %. As a remarkable clue and as early as 1986, ultrasonography (US) has been proven a reliable diagnostic method that is also explicitly helpful in difficult cases with atypical presentation and enables to rule out many differential diagnoses.Recent publications emphasized the role of multidetector computed tomography (CT) resulting in a significant reduction of false negative findings at operation...
October 2016: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697406/diagnostic-value-of-ultrasonography-in-elbow-trauma-in-children-prospective-study-of-34-cases
#12
M Burnier, G Buisson, A Ricard, V Cunin, J P Pracros, F Chotel
INTRODUCTION: Among the various elbow injuries in children that initially have normal radiographs, a certain number of occult fractures are only diagnosed correctly after the fact, during a follow-up visit. PURPOSE: This study evaluated the diagnostic contribution of ultrasonography in the treatment of acute elbow injuries in children and the strategic and economic impact of using this tool alongside radiography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During this prospective study performed between January 1 and April 1 2014, elbow ultrasonography was performed within 6 days in all children under 15 years of age with a suspected occult fracture...
September 30, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687330/delayed-obstruction-with-asymptomatic-loss-of-renal-function-after-dextranomer-hyaluronic-acid-copolymer-deflux-injection-for-vesicoureteral-reflux-a-close-look-at-a-disturbing-outcome
#13
Dimitri Papagiannopoulos, Ilina Rosoklija, Earl Cheng, Elizabeth Yerkes
Dextranomer/hyaluronic acid copolymer (Deflux) first received Food and Drug Administration approval in 2001 for endoscopic injection in children with grade II-IV vesicoureteral reflux VUR. As experience has grown, Deflux has been used more liberally with encouraging results. We report 3 cases where Deflux was used in off-label fashion, resulting in delayed ureteral obstruction and loss of renal function (range 18-52 months postoperatively). We now place increased emphasis on the need for long-term follow-up after Deflux in both routine and complex cases, particularly in situations of off-label use...
September 26, 2016: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659826/supratentorial-tumors-typical-of-the-infantile-age-desmoplastic-infantile-ganglioglioma-dig-and-astrocytoma-dia-a-review
#14
F Bianchi, G Tamburrini, L Massimi, M Caldarelli
OBJECT: Desmoplastic infantile gangliogliomas (DIGs) and desmoplastic infantile astrocytomas (DIAs) are tumors typical of the infantile age. A large size, with a mixed solid and cystic component, clinical presentation with progressing signs of increased intracranial pressure, a prominent benign desmoplastic structure at histological examination, and a favorable clinical course in the majority of cases are the prominent features of these tumors. The objective of the present paper was to review the pertinent literature on the topic together with our personal experience, with the aim of an updated review of the subject...
October 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659477/t1-mapping-in-children-and-young-adults-with-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy
#15
Keyur Parekh, Michael Markl, Jie Deng, Roger A de Freitas, Cynthia K Rigsby
To assess the global and segmental left ventricular (LV) native T1 and extracellular volume fraction (ECV) in children and young adults with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) compared to a control cohort. The study population included 21 HCM patients (mean 14.1 ± 4.6 years) and 21 controls (mean 15.7 ± 1.5 years). Native modified Look-Locker inversion recovery sequence was performed before and after contrast injection in 3 short axis planes. Global and segmental LV native T1 and ECV were quantified and compared between HCM patients and controls...
September 22, 2016: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648895/the-experience-of-long-stay-parents-in-the-icu-a-qualitative-study-of-parent-and-staff-perspectives
#16
Sophie Geoghegan, Kate Oulton, Catherine Bull, Joe Brierley, Mark Peters, Jo Wray
OBJECTIVE: Meeting the needs of parents of critically ill children is increasingly being recognized as an important factor in the child's clinical outcome as well as the implications it has for future parenting. Little is specifically known about the experience of parents who have a child in the ICU for a prolonged period. Our objective was to understand the experiences of this group to assist in the identification of mechanisms for providing support. DESIGN: Qualitative study based on semistructured interviews...
November 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634746/route-learning-strategies-in-typical-and-atypical-development-eye-tracking-reveals-atypical-landmark-selection-in-williams-syndrome
#17
E K Farran, S Formby, F Daniyal, T Holmes, J Van Herwegen
BACKGROUND: Successful navigation is crucial to everyday life. Individuals with Williams syndrome (WS) have impaired spatial abilities. This includes a deficit in spatial navigation abilities such as learning the route from A to B. To-date, to determine whether participants attend to landmarks when learning a route, landmark recall tasks have been employed after the route learning experience. Here, we combined virtual reality and eye tracking technologies, for the first time, to measure landmark use in typically developing (TD) children and participants with WS during route-learning...
October 2016: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27615532/child-safeguarding-the-nhs-can-do-much-more
#18
John Tingle
John Tingle, Reader in Health Law at Nottingham Trent University, discusses the Care Quality Commission's review of the arrangements for child safeguarding and health care for looked-after children in England.
September 8, 2016: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598739/looking-beyond-mucosal-healing-effect-of-biologic-therapy-on-transmural-healing-in-pediatric-crohn-s-disease
#19
Fortunata Civitelli, Federica Nuti, Salvatore Oliva, Lorena Messina, Giuseppe La Torre, Franca Viola, Salvatore Cucchiara, Marina Aloi
BACKGROUND: Crohn's disease is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by a progressive transmural bowel damage leading to complications. Anti-TNFα therapy is effective in achieving mucosal healing (MH), but its efficacy on transmural inflammation has been poorly investigated. The aim of this study is to evaluate, in pediatric Crohn's disease, the efficacy of anti-tumor necrosis factor α agents in inducing transmural healing (TH) as assessed by ultrasonography (US). METHODS: Children with Crohn's disease requiring anti-tumor necrosis factor α therapy were prospectively enrolled...
October 2016: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27592045/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-outcomes-of-transcatheter-stent-implantation-for-the-primary-treatment-of-native-coarctation
#20
Linqi Yang, Xiuzhen Chua, Dimple D Rajgor, Bee Choo Tai, Swee Chye Quek
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The treatment of native coarctation of aorta (CoA) has evolved since surgery performed in 1944, followed by transcatheter balloon angioplasty and recently, widely adopted stent implantation. Despite good results demonstrated with stent implantation, a systematic review and meta-analysis (SRMA) looking at the efficacy and safety of the intervention, particularly in younger population is yet to be done. We aimed to obtain pooled estimates of the success and complication rates after transcatheter stent implantation in the treatment of native CoA based on SRMA...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
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