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Hiren Patel, Charmi Patel, Mrugesh Soni, Amit Patel, Venkat Banda
Bacterial pericarditis is a rapidly progressive and highly fatal infection, and is often diagnosed postmortem in half of the cases. Even with drainage and antibiotics, the mortality rate is high. Gram-positive cocci, specifically Streptococcus penumoniae, have been the most common cause of bacterial pericarditis with a preceding primary site of infection. Following the introduction of antibiotics in the 1940s and more recently the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, the incidence has drastically decreased.We describe an extremely rare case of primary streptococcus pneumoniae purulent pericarditis that presented with cardiac tamponade...
October 2015: Medicine (Baltimore)
Vida Jawin, Hak-Lee Ang, Asma Omar, Meow-Keong Thong
BACKGROUND: Studies on pulse oximetry screening for neonatal sepsis and respiratory disease in a middle-income country are lacking. Newborn screening for critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) using pulse oximetry is an effective and life-saving strategy in developed countries. While most studies have reported false-positive results during CCHD screening, they have not elaborated on the detected disease types. We studied the effectiveness and outcomes of pulse oximetry newborn screening for non-cardiac hypoxemic diseases such as neonatal sepsis, respiratory diseases, and CCHD in a middle-income country...
2015: PloS One
Mehmet Ceyhan, Yasemin Ozsurekci, Nezahat Gürler, Lütfiye Öksüz, Sohret Aydemir, Sengul Ozkan, Serife Yuksekkaya, Melike Keser Emiroglu, Meral Gültekin, Akgün Yaman, Abdurrahman Kiremitci, Keramettin Yanık, Arzu Karli, Hatice Ozcinar, Faruk Aydin, Gulcin Bayramoglu, Yasemin Zer, Zeynep Gulay, Efgan Dogan Gayyurhan, Mustafa Gül, Cüneyt Özakın, Hüseyin Güdücüoğlu, Duygu Perçin, Nezahat Akpolat, Candan Ozturk, Yıldız Camcıoğlu, Eda Karadağ Öncel, Melda Çelik, Laser Şanal, Hakan Uslu
Successful vaccination policies for protection from invasive pneumococcal diseases (IPD) dependent on determination of the exact serotype distribution in each country. We aimed to identify serotypes of pneumococcal strains causing IPD in children in Turkey and emphasize the change in the serotypes before and after vaccination with 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV-7) was included and PCV-13 was newly changed in Turkish National Immunization Program. Streptococcus pneumoniae strains were isolated at 22 different hospitals of Turkey, which provide healthcare services to approximately 65% of the Turkish population...
2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
Eva Schréterová, Viktória Takáčová, Milan Nikš, Lýdia Pastvová, Ladislav Tomčo, Leonard Siegfried
OBJECTIVES: Reported is the first isolation and phenotypic determination of Klebsiella pneumoniae producing New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase (NDM-1) isolated from patients in the Slovak Republic. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between 27 October 2012 and 22 January 2013, twenty-five isolates of Klebsiella pneumoniae collected from 5 patients were identified with MIC of meropenem ≥ 32 mg/L and MIC of ertapenem ≥ 4 mg/L in screening tests. Next, all isolates were assessed with the modified Hodge test, combined disk test with EDTA, double disk synergy test with EDTA and MBL E-test...
September 2014: Klinická Mikrobiologie a Infekc̆ní Lékar̆ství
Rafael Perelló, Ona Escoda, Silvia Camón, Òscar Miró, Marta Castañeda, Asunción Moreno, Maria Ángeles Marcos, Verónica Perea, Natalia Alcolea, Miquel Sánchez, Josep Maria Gatell, Esteban Martínez
AIM: To describe the incidence, the changes in the etiology and the prognosis of lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) in HIV infected patients, presenting by the first time to the Emergency Department (ED), during years 2000-2010. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective collection of data. METHODS: Data were collected on the first visit of HIV-infected patients at our ED due to a LRTI, (defined according to the criteria of the European Respiratory Society), between 1/1/2000 and 31/12/2010...
April 2015: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
Bernadett Lévay, Györgyi Szabó, Attila Szijártó, Eldin Mohamed Gamal
INTRODUCTION: Complications caused by lost gallstones within the abdominal cavity are well known. Abscesses, perforation of the gastro-intestinal tract were all described in the literature, but gallstones were found in hernial sac, or even in sputum after it penetrated through the diaphragm into the respiratory tract. These complications can develop between several weeks to several years postoperatively. Most complications can be treated surgically only. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty gallstones and bile samples were collected from 50 patients who underwent cholecystectomy (36 female / 14 male, avarge age: 60...
December 2013: Magyar Sebészet
Su-rong Li, Jing-hui Mu, Li Chang, Yu-chun Yan, Xin-yu Yuan, Hui-zhong Chen
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the chest CT features and outcome of necrotizing pneumonia (NP) caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae in children and to review the changes of common inflammatory parameters in NP patients to help clinicians understand the proper timing of CT scan. METHOD: The imaging data from 30 cases of Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia in NP group and 24 cases with non-necrotizing Mycoplasma penumoniae pneumonia (control group) were analyzed retrospectively. The changes of common inflammatory parameters in NP group and control group were compared...
March 2013: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
C Antonio E Pérez Rodríguez, Lorenzo de la Fuente Ricardo, C Armando Seuc Jo
INTRODUCTION: bacterial meningitis is a real concern for physicians and general health systems of any country as well as the international bodies. OBJECTIVE: to estimate burdens of disease from morbidity and mortality caused by bacterial meningitis in Cuba during 2006. METHODS: the mortality and the incidence data of the epidemiological survey from the National Surveillance of Bacterial Meningitis of "Pedro Kourí Institute of Tropical Medicine were used...
September 2011: Revista Cubana de Medicina Tropical
Chao Zhuo, Xiao-qiang Li, Zhi-yong Zong, Nan-Shan Zhong
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the local epidemiology of Klebsiella penumoniae carrying bla(CTX-M-15) in southern China and to characterize the genetic environment of bla(CTX-M-15). METHODS: PCR and DNA sequencing were used to detect and characterize the genetic contexts of bla(CTX-M-15). The clonal relatedness of isolates carrying bla(CTX-M-15) was determined by pulse-field gel electrophoresis. Conjugative plasmids carrying bla(CTX-M-15) were obtained by mating and were further subject to restriction analysis and replicon typing...
2013: PloS One
K Kousalya, S Thirumurugu, D C Arumainayagam, R Manavalan, J Vasantha, C Uma Maheswara Reddy
The study was aimed at determining bacterial agents of the upper respiratory tract and the susceptibility patterns of isolates to antibiotics. The throat swab samples from 250 patients suspected of upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) were obtained from the General Medicine outpatient department of a Rural Health Centre of Rajah Muthiah Medical College and Hospital (RMMC and H), Annamalai University, Chidambaram, Tamilnadu, India and inoculated in the culture medium. The bacterial infection was confirmed only in 228 patients...
April 2010: Journal of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research
Rabia Sofia Rashid
A 69-year-old gentleman with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (stage I), with baseline fibrotic lung changes on CT, received six cycles of R-PMitCebo chemotherapy containing bleomycin. Three months later he presented to the Accident and Emergency Department with progressive dyspnoea, dry cough, pyrexia and generalised lethargy. Chest radiographs showed bilateral lower zone opacities. Clinically, all signs initially pointed to community-acquired penumonia, but he failed to respond to standard treatment for this. Repeat high-resolution CT (HRCT) subsequently showed widespread peripheral interstitial changes consistent with marked fibrotic lung changes...
2009: BMJ Case Reports
A P Vaz, A Amorim, M J Espinar, T Oliveira, J M Pereira, J A Paiva
INTRODUCTION: Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) with quantitative cultures has been used in order to increase ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) diagnosis specificity, although the accurate technique for this entity diagnosis remains controversial. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the influence of using positive BAL and quantitative cultures results in microbiologic diagnosis and treatment of patients with suspected late VAP and prior antibiotherapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of intensive care unit (UCI) patients, during a one year period, with clinical suspicion of late VAP and prior use of antibiotics that presented a growth in BAL cultures...
May 2011: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
Joseph L Mathew, Ashok K Patwari, Piyush Gupta, Dheeraj Shah, Tarun Gera, Siddhartha Gogia, Pavitra Mohan, Rajmohan Panda, Subhadra Menon
BACKGROUND: Scaling up of evidence based management of childhood acute respiratory infection/pneumonia, is a public health priority in India, and necessitates robust literature review, for advocacy and action. OBJECTIVE: To identify, synthesize and summarize current evidence to guide scaling up of management of childhood acute respiratory infection/pneumonia in India, and identify existing knowledge gaps. METHODS: A set of ten questions pertaining to the management (prevention, treatment, and control) of childhood ARI/pneumonia was identified through a consultative process...
March 2011: Indian Pediatrics
Guogang Xu, Milton J Kiefel, Jennifer C Wilson, Peter W Andrew, Marco R Oggioni, Garry L Taylor
Streptococcus penumoniae is a major human pathogen responsible for respiratory tract infections, septicemia, and meningitis and continues to produce numerous cases of disease with relatively high mortalities. S. pneumoniae encodes up to three sialidases, NanA, NanB, and NanC, that have been implicated in pathogenesis and are potential drug targets. NanA has been shown to be a promiscuous sialidase, hydrolyzing the removal of Neu5Ac from a variety of glycoconjugates with retention of configuration at the anomeric center, as we confirm by NMR...
February 16, 2011: Journal of the American Chemical Society
S Kumar, D P Srivastava
An efficient electrochemical method for the preparation of 2-amino-5-substituted-1,3,4-oxadiazoles (4a-k) at platinum anode through the electrooxidation of semicarbazone (3a-k) at controlled potential electrolysis has been reported in the present study. The electrolysis was carried out in the acetic acid solvent and lithium perchlorate was used as supporting electrolyte. The products were characterized by IR,(1)H-NMR,(13)C-NMR, mass spectra and elemental analysis. The synthesized compounds were screened for their in vitro growth inhibiting activity against different strains of bacteria viz...
July 2010: Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
A A Dashti, M M Jadaon, S G B Amyes
Patients infected with bacteria producing extendedspectrum beta-lactamases (ESBL) are at higher risk of mortality and morbidity. Several mutations in genes encoding SHV, tem and CTX-M beta-lactamases have been associated with ESBL activity. This paper describes a new SHV mutation in ESBL-producing strains of Klebsiella pneumoniae isolated in Kuwait. The study included 13 K. penumoniae strains isolated from patients admitted to the Amiri hospital of Kuwait. The production of ESBL in all strains was confirmed by Vitek system and E-test...
October 2010: Journal of Chemotherapy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1947: California Medicine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1946: Staff Proceedings
C G Harford, M R Smith, W B Wood
1. Sulfonamide chemotherapy controls the bacterial component of combined infection with influenza virus and pneumococci in rats. 2. Reinstillation of fluid (broth, physiological salt solution) into the respiratory passages of mice several days after sublethal viral infection converts the viral infection into a lethal one. 3. Sulfonamide chemotherapy controls the bacterial component of combined bacterial and viral infection of mice, produced by intrabronchial inoculation of mixtures of bacteria and sublethal or lethal doses of virus...
May 31, 1946: Journal of Experimental Medicine
L T Webster
The spread of Bact. lepisepticum infection throughout a population of thoroughbred rabbits at a farm in New City, N. Y., was studied over a period of 2 years. The following observations are noteworthy. 1. 50 to 75 per cent of the total mortality was due to Bact. lepisepticum infection. 2. About 50 per cent of the stock was affected locally with Bact. lepisepticum "snuffles." 3. "Snuffles" and mortality rates showed spring and fall rises and low points during the summer. 4. Carrier, morbidity, and mortality rates of various special breeds differed consistently and to a marked degree...
February 28, 1927: Journal of Experimental Medicine
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