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Warm compress

Shuai Zhang, Burkhard Militzer, Lorin X Benedict, François Soubiran, Philip A Sterne, Kevin P Driver
Carbon-hydrogen plasmas and hydrocarbon materials are of broad interest to laser shock experimentalists, high energy density physicists, and astrophysicists. Accurate equations of state (EOSs) of hydrocarbons are valuable for various studies from inertial confinement fusion to planetary science. By combining path integral Monte Carlo (PIMC) results at high temperatures and density functional theory molecular dynamics results at lower temperatures, we compute the EOSs for hydrocarbons from simulations performed at 1473 separate (ρ, T)-points distributed over a range of compositions...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Chemical Physics
T N Safonova, N P Kintiukhina
PURPOSE: to identify the role of laser scanning confocal microscopy (LSCM) in diagnostic and to assess the effectiveness of involutional blepharitis treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved 32 patients (64 eyes) with chronic blepharitis aged in average 75.21±3.56 years. All patients completed questionnaire (SPEED), underwent Schirmer I, Norn tear break-up time and compression tests, had the number of functioning meibomian glands (NFMG) calculated. The patients' eyelids were examined with LSCM, and the condition of conjunctiva was evaluated by microbiological study...
2018: Vestnik Oftalmologii
Valentin V Karasiev, James W Dufty, S B Trickey
Realizing the potential for predictive density functional calculations of matter under extreme conditions depends crucially upon having an exchange-correlation (XC) free-energy functional accurate over a wide range of state conditions. Unlike the ground-state case, no such functional exists. We remedy that with systematic construction of a generalized gradient approximation XC free-energy functional based on rigorous constraints, including the free-energy gradient expansion. The new functional provides the correct temperature dependence in the slowly varying regime and the correct zero-T, high-T, and homogeneous electron gas limits...
February 16, 2018: Physical Review Letters
Peiling Cai, Liuning Li, Hongxi Hong, Liwen Zhang, Chunxia He, Xiaoshu Chai, Bai Liu, Zhijian Chen
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to assess the effectiveness of Chinese medicine warm compress (CMWC) on back meridians in relieving cancer pain, reducing adjuvant analgesic doses and adverse reactions, and improving the quality of life (QOL). METHODS: A total of 62 patients (age range 39-82 years) diagnosed with a malignant tumor and suffering from cancer-related pain were randomly divided into a treatment group (group A) and a control group (group B) (n = 31 for each)...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Feng Yang, Ming-Sheng Tan, Ping Yi, Xiang-Sheng Tang, Qing-Ying Hao, Ying-Na Qi
OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical effect between spinal card decompression combined with traditional Chinese medicine and simple spinal card decompression for cervical spondylotic myelopathy. METHODS: From June 2012 to June 2015, 73 patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy were treated, including 42 males and 31 females, aged from 29 to 73 years old with a mean of 50.9 years old. The patients were divided into the simple operation group (34 cases) and the operation combined with traditional Chinese medicine group(39 cases) according to the idea of themselves...
January 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Patricia A Rouen, Mary L White
Dry eye disease is a chronic condition of the corneal surface marked by persistent symptoms of irritation or burning that can cause inflammatory damage to the cornea and conjunctiva if untreated. Common risk factors for this syndrome include advancing age, female sex, low humidity environments, systemic medications, and autoimmune disorders. Treatments to relieve symptoms include tear replacement, humidification, improved nutrition, and anti-inflammatory ocular agents. Home healthcare nurses can identify signs and symptoms of dry eye syndrome and initiate strategies that range from warm compresses to physician referrals for more aggressive treatment...
March 2018: Home Healthcare Now
Chloé Barasinski, Anne Debost-Legrand, Didier Lemery, Françoise Vendittelli
OBJECTIVE: the principal objective of our study was to describe the practices reported by French midwives during the active second stage of labor (expulsion phase). DESIGN: this cross-sectional Internet survey questioned French midwives who attended at least one childbirth in 2013. SETTING: this open survey was posted on a website from June 15 through December 1, 2014. PARTICIPANTS: 1496 midwives from 377 maternity units participated in the study...
February 8, 2018: Midwifery
Raven Henderson, Debra A Reilly, Jeffrey S Cooper
Natural and synthetic fillers have revolutionized aesthetic facial rejuvenation and soft-tissue augmentation. We present a case highlighting the dangers of filler self-injection. A 37-year-old woman self-injected a dermal filler around both temples. She immediately experienced left--side hearing loss, blanching over the left face, and pain. Prompt treatment with hyaluronidase, topical nitro paste, and warm compresses ensued. An emergency computed tomography angiogram showed occlusion of a superficial temporal artery branch...
January 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Yu Wang, Huichao Zhang, Xue Yang, Shuqing Jiang, Alexander F Goncharov
Raman spectroscopy in diamond anvil cells has been employed to study phase boundaries and transformation kinetics of H2O ice at high pressures up to 16 GPa and temperatures down to 15 K. Ice i formed at nearly isobaric cooling of liquid water transforms on compression to high-density amorphous (HDA) ice at 1.1-3 GPa at 15-100 K and then crystallizes in ice vii with the frozen-in disorder (ice vii') which remains stable up to 14.1 GPa at 80 K and 15.9 GPa at 100 K. Unexpectedly, on decompression of ice vii', it transforms to ice viii in its domain of metastability, and then it relaxes into low-density amorphous (LDA) ice on a subsequent pressure release and warming up...
January 28, 2018: Journal of Chemical Physics
K Falk, M Holec, C J Fontes, C L Fryer, C W Greeff, H M Johns, D S Montgomery, D W Schmidt, M Šmíd
This Letter presents a novel approach to study electron transport in warm dense matter. It also includes the first x-ray Thomson scattering (XRTS) measurement from low-density CH foams compressed by a strong laser-driven shock at the OMEGA laser facility. The XRTS measurement is combined with velocity interferometry (VISAR) and optical pyrometry (SOP) providing a robust measurement of thermodynamic conditions in the shock. Evidence of significant preheat contributing to elevated temperatures reaching 17.5-35 eV in shocked CH foam is measured by XRTS...
January 12, 2018: Physical Review Letters
Shuai Zhang, Kevin P Driver, François Soubiran, Burkhard Militzer
We use path integral Monte Carlo and density functional molecular dynamics to construct a coherent set of equations of state (EOS) for a series of hydrocarbon materials with various C:H ratios (2:1, 1:1, 2:3, 1:2, and 1:4) over the range of 0.07-22.4gcm^{-3} and 6.7×10^{3}-1.29×10^{8}K. The shock Hugoniot curve derived for each material displays a single compression maximum corresponding to K-shell ionization. For C:H = 1:1, the compression maximum occurs at 4.7-fold of the initial density and we show radiation effects significantly increase the shock compression ratio above 2 Gbar, surpassing relativistic effects...
July 2017: Physical Review. E
Fitri Annisa, Nani Nurhaeni, Dessie Wanda
Intravenous fluid therapy is an invasive procedure which may increase the risk of patient complications. One of the most common of these is phlebitis, which may cause discomfort and tissue damage. Therefore, a nursing intervention is needed to effectively treat phlebitis. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of applying a warm compression intervention to reduce the degree of phlebitis. A quasi-experimental pre-test and post-test design was used, with a non-equivalent control group...
2017: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
Jonathan D Sonis, Ravi V Gottumukkala, McKinley Glover, Brian J Yun, Benjamin A White, Mannudeep K Kalra, Alexi Otrakji, Ali S Raja, Anand M Prabhakar
PURPOSE: To characterize the management, outcomes, and emergency department (ED) length of stay (LOS) following iodinated contrast media extravasation events in the ED. METHODS: All ED patients who developed iodinated contrast media extravasation following contrast-enhanced CT (CECT) from October 2007-December 2016 were retrospectively identified. Medical records were reviewed and management, complications, frequency of surgical consultation, and ED LOS were quantified using descriptive statistics...
November 7, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
J S Ko, Y Seo, M K Chae, S Y Jang, J S Yoon
PurposeTo assess tear cytokine levels and clinical outcomes in meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) in the blind eye of patients wearing an ocular prosthesis after 2 months of treatment with topical loteprednol etabonate and eyelid scrubs with warm compresses.Patients and methodsThis study included patients with MGD wearing a unilateral ocular prosthesis for more than 1 year. All patients topically received 0.5% loteprednol etabonate and were instructed to scrub their eyelids with warm compresses on the prosthetic eye for 2 months...
October 20, 2017: Eye
Timo Domisch, Françoise Martz, Tapani Repo, Pasi Rautio
Future climate scenarios predict increased air temperatures and precipitation, particularly at high latitudes, and especially so during winter. Soil temperatures, however, are more difficult to predict, since they depend strongly on the fate of the insulating snow cover. 'Rain-on-snow' events and warm spells during winter can lead to thaw-freeze cycles, compacted snow and ice encasement, as well as local flooding. These adverse conditions could counteract the otherwise positive effects of climatic changes on forest seedling growth...
October 10, 2017: Tree Physiology
Hitoshi Kawazoe, Satomi Sumikawa, Kana Nakauchi, Yoshihiro Yakushijin, Yuji Yamamoto, Yuji Watanabe, Akihiro Tanaka, Hiroaki Araki
Background Venous pain induced by peripheral intravenous administration of oxaliplatin remains clinically unresolved. Objective The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of comprehensive intervention care for venous pain in colorectal cancer patients receiving oxaliplatin. Setting A Japanese tertiary hospital. Method We treated all outpatients after April 2012 with comprehensive intervention care including pre-warming of the oxaliplatin solution, use of a hot compress, and pH adjustment by combination with dexamethasone...
December 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Gregory T Sullivan, Sebahat K Ozman-Sullivan, Jean-Pierre Lumaret, Anne Bourne, Unal Zeybekoglu, Myron P Zalucki, Greg Baxter
Succession in local dung beetle assemblages influences their delivery of ecological functions in natural and modified environments globally. Short-term changes in dung beetle (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) species richness, abundance, and biomass were investigated in standardized dung pads in northern, coastal Turkey. For mean tunneling guild abundance, dung deposition time, dung exposure period, and their interaction were significant, and for mean dung dwelling guild abundance, dung exposure period was significant, as was the interaction with dung deposition time, which collectively evidenced temporal resource partitioning, based principally on differences in diel activity...
October 1, 2017: Environmental Entomology
Philip R K Turnbull, Stuti L Misra, Jennifer P Craig
PURPOSE: Better understanding of the pathophysiology of meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) has provided the opportunity to develop treatments which could be tailored for specific presentations of MGD. This study sought to directly compare treatment effectiveness for three current therapies across differing levels of MG dropout. METHODS: Subjects (n=81), grouped by infrared meibography dropout proportions, into either no (control), mild, or pronounced MG dropout, were randomised to receive treatment with a latent heat device (n=25), liposomal spray (n=28), or heated warm compress (n=28)...
September 30, 2017: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
Ashley N Fox, Ruben Villanueva, Jamie L Miller
PURPOSE: The case of a patient who experienced extravasation while receiving amiodarone via a peripheral infusion and was treated with intradermal hyaluronidase is reported. SUMMARY: A 60-year-old Caucasian man arrived at the emergency department after a motor vehicle collision. The patient was noted to have a subdural hematoma, multiple rib fractures, sternal body fracture, abdominal wall injury, left clavicle fracture, right humerus fracture, and vertebral fractures...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
Jacqueline Tan, Lily Ho, Katherine Wong, Alma La, Sylbi Lee, Sarah Park, Larissa Tran, Fiona Stapleton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2017: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
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