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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748548/decadal-surface-temperature-trends-in-india-based-on-a-new-high-resolution-data-set
#1
Robert S Ross, T N Krishnamurti, Sandeep Pattnaik, D S Pai
A new comprehensive surface temperature data set for India is used to document changes in Indian temperature over seven decades, in order to examine the patterns and possible effects of global warming. The data set is subdivided into pre-monsoon, monsoon, and post-monsoon categories in order to study the temperature patterns in each of these periods. When the decade means in maximum, minimum and daily mean temperature for the 2000s are compared to those of the 1950s, a consistent pattern of warming is found over northwestern and southern India, and a pattern of cooling is seen in a broad zone anchored over northeastern India and extending southwestward across central India...
May 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692600/a-novel-system-tearcare-%C3%A2-for-the-treatment-of-the-signs-and-symptoms-of-dry-eye-disease
#2
David Badawi
Purpose: The objective of this study was to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the TearCare® System in adult patients with clinically significant dry eye disease (DED). Patients and methods: This was a prospective, single-center, randomized, parallel-group, clinical trial. Subjects with DED were randomized to either a single TearCare treatment conducted at the clinic or 4 weeks of daily warm compress (WC) therapy. The TearCare procedure consisted of 12 minutes of thermal eyelid treatment immediately followed by manual expression of the meibomian glands...
2018: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644865/thermal-induced-dielectric-switching-with-40k-wide-hysteresis-loop-near-room-temperature
#3
Yang-Hui Luo, Chen Chen, Dan-Li Hong, Xiao-Tong He, Jing-Wen Wang, Bai-Wang Sun
A thermal-induced dielectric switching has been realized in two ion-pair crystal [C2 H6 N5 ]+ ·[H2 PO4 ]- (1, C2 H6 N5 = 3,5-diamino-1,2,4-triazolinium) through single-crystal-to-single-crystal phase transition (SCSC-PT). Upon cooling from room temperature, the 1D cation stripes that are composed of [C2 H5 N5 ]+ cations have undergone a 90° sharp rotation around the c axis, accompanied by the transition of crystal stacking from loose unparallel (dynamic state) to compression parallel (static state) and reorientation of dipoles on the [C2 H5 N5 ]+ cation, which thus resulted in high dielectric state to low dielectric state transformation...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618475/novel-measure-of-local-impedance-predicts-catheter-tissue-contact-and-lesion-formation
#4
Matthew S Sulkin, Jacob I Laughner, Sebastian Hilbert, Suraj Kapa, Jedrzej Kosiuk, Paul Younan, Iñaki Romero, Allan Shuros, Jason J Hamann, Gerhard Hindricks, Andreas Bollmann
BACKGROUND: Coupling between the ablation catheter and myocardium is critical to resistively heat tissue with radiofrequency ablation. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether a novel local impedance (LI) measurement on an ablation catheter identifies catheter-tissue coupling and is predictive of lesion formation. METHODS AND RESULTS: LI was studied in explanted hearts (n=10 swine) and in vivo (n=10; 50-70 kg swine) using an investigational electroanatomic mapping system that measures impedance from an ablation catheter with mini-electrodes incorporated in the distal electrode (Rhythmia and IntellaNav MiFi OI, Boston Scientific)...
April 2018: Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575180/sonographic-assessment-of-the-anal-sphincter-after-obstetric-anal-sphincter-injury-oasi-using-transperineal-ultrasound-tpus
#5
EDITORIAL
Vered H Eisenberg, Dan V Valsky, Simcha Yagel
Obstetric anal sphincter injury (OASI) is the most common cause of anal incontinence and ano-rectal symptoms in women1 . Reported rates of anal incontinence following primary repair of OASI range between 15-61%, with a mean of 39%2, 3 . Other possible complications of OASI include perineal pain, dyspareunia, and less commonly, abscess formation, wound breakdown, and rectovaginal fistulae. Symptom onset may occur immediately, several years postpartum, or only late in life when aging of tissues adds to the delivery insult...
March 24, 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564702/role-of-fuel-additives-on-reduction-of-no-x-emission-from-a-diesel-engine-powered-by-camphor-oil-biofuel
#6
Thiyagarajan Subramanian, Edwin Geo Varuvel, Saravanan Ganapathy, S Vedharaj, R Vallinayagam
The present study intends to explore the effect of the addition of fuel additives with camphor oil (CMO) on the characteristics of a twin-cylinder compression ignition (CI) engine. The lower viscosity and boiling point of CMO when compared to diesel could improve the fuel atomization, evaporation, and air/fuel mixing process. However, the lower cetane index of CMO limits its use as a drop in fuel for diesel in CI engine. In general, NOX emission increases for less viscous and low cetane (LVLC) fuels due to pronounced premixed combustion phase...
March 21, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544329/path-integral-monte-carlo-simulations-of-dense-carbon-hydrogen-plasmas
#7
Shuai Zhang, Burkhard Militzer, Lorin X Benedict, François Soubiran, Philip A Sterne, Kevin P Driver
Carbon-hydrogen plasmas and hydrocarbon materials are of broad interest to laser shock experimentalists, high energy density physicists, and astrophysicists. Accurate equations of state (EOSs) of hydrocarbons are valuable for various studies from inertial confinement fusion to planetary science. By combining path integral Monte Carlo (PIMC) results at high temperatures and density functional theory molecular dynamics results at lower temperatures, we compute the EOSs for hydrocarbons from simulations performed at 1473 separate (ρ, T)-points distributed over a range of compositions...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543198/-involutional-blepharitis-modern-approaches-to-diagnostic-and-treatment
#8
T N Safonova, N P Kintiukhina
PURPOSE: to identify the role of laser scanning confocal microscopy (LSCM) in diagnostic and to assess the effectiveness of involutional blepharitis treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved 32 patients (64 eyes) with chronic blepharitis aged in average 75.21±3.56 years. All patients completed questionnaire (SPEED), underwent Schirmer I, Norn tear break-up time and compression tests, had the number of functioning meibomian glands (NFMG) calculated. The patients' eyelids were examined with LSCM, and the condition of conjunctiva was evaluated by microbiological study...
2018: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542959/nonempirical-semilocal-free-energy-density-functional-for-matter-under-extreme-conditions
#9
Valentin V Karasiev, James W Dufty, S B Trickey
Realizing the potential for predictive density functional calculations of matter under extreme conditions depends crucially upon having an exchange-correlation (XC) free-energy functional accurate over a wide range of state conditions. Unlike the ground-state case, no such functional exists. We remedy that with systematic construction of a generalized gradient approximation XC free-energy functional based on rigorous constraints, including the free-energy gradient expansion. The new functional provides the correct temperature dependence in the slowly varying regime and the correct zero-T, high-T, and homogeneous electron gas limits...
February 16, 2018: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538220/a-chinese-medicine-warm-compress-wen-jing-zhi-tong-fang-combined-with-who-3-step-analgesic-ladder-treatment-for-cancer-pain-relief-a-comparative-randomized-trial
#10
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Peiling Cai, Liuning Li, Hongxi Hong, Liwen Zhang, Chunxia He, Xiaoshu Chai, Bai Liu, Zhijian Chen
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to assess the effectiveness of Chinese medicine warm compress (CMWC) on back meridians in relieving cancer pain, reducing adjuvant analgesic doses and adverse reactions, and improving the quality of life (QOL). METHODS: A total of 62 patients (age range 39-82 years) diagnosed with a malignant tumor and suffering from cancer-related pain were randomly divided into a treatment group (group A) and a control group (group B) (n = 31 for each)...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533034/-clinical-study-on-spinal-cord-decompression-combined-with-traditional-chinese-medicine-for-the-treatment-of-cervical-spondylotic-myelopathy
#11
Feng Yang, Ming-Sheng Tan, Ping Yi, Xiang-Sheng Tang, Qing-Ying Hao, Ying-Na Qi
OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical effect between spinal card decompression combined with traditional Chinese medicine and simple spinal card decompression for cervical spondylotic myelopathy. METHODS: From June 2012 to June 2015, 73 patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy were treated, including 42 males and 31 females, aged from 29 to 73 years old with a mean of 50.9 years old. The patients were divided into the simple operation group (34 cases) and the operation combined with traditional Chinese medicine group(39 cases) according to the idea of themselves...
January 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498987/dry-eye-disease-prevalence-assessment-and-management
#12
Patricia A Rouen, Mary L White
Dry eye disease is a chronic condition of the corneal surface marked by persistent symptoms of irritation or burning that can cause inflammatory damage to the cornea and conjunctiva if untreated. Common risk factors for this syndrome include advancing age, female sex, low humidity environments, systemic medications, and autoimmune disorders. Treatments to relieve symptoms include tear replacement, humidification, improved nutrition, and anti-inflammatory ocular agents. Home healthcare nurses can identify signs and symptoms of dry eye syndrome and initiate strategies that range from warm compresses to physician referrals for more aggressive treatment...
March 2018: Home Healthcare Now
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494852/practices-during-the-active-second-stage-of-labor-a-survey-of-french-midwives
#13
Chloé Barasinski, Anne Debost-Legrand, Didier Lemery, Françoise Vendittelli
OBJECTIVE: the principal objective of our study was to describe the practices reported by French midwives during the active second stage of labor (expulsion phase). DESIGN: this cross-sectional Internet survey questioned French midwives who attended at least one childbirth in 2013. SETTING: this open survey was posted on a website from June 15 through December 1, 2014. PARTICIPANTS: 1496 midwives from 377 maternity units participated in the study...
May 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464158/hyperbaric-oxygen-for-ischemia-due-to-injection-of-cosmetic-fillers-case-report-and-issues
#14
Raven Henderson, Debra A Reilly, Jeffrey S Cooper
Natural and synthetic fillers have revolutionized aesthetic facial rejuvenation and soft-tissue augmentation. We present a case highlighting the dangers of filler self-injection. A 37-year-old woman self-injected a dermal filler around both temples. She immediately experienced left--side hearing loss, blanching over the left face, and pain. Prompt treatment with hyaluronidase, topical nitro paste, and warm compresses ensued. An emergency computed tomography angiogram showed occlusion of a superficial temporal artery branch...
January 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390815/kinetic-boundaries-and-phase-transformations-of-ice-i-at-high-pressure
#15
Yu Wang, Huichao Zhang, Xue Yang, Shuqing Jiang, Alexander F Goncharov
Raman spectroscopy in diamond anvil cells has been employed to study phase boundaries and transformation kinetics of H2 O ice at high pressures up to 16 GPa and temperatures down to 15 K. Ice i formed at nearly isobaric cooling of liquid water transforms on compression to high-density amorphous (HDA) ice at 1.1-3 GPa at 15-100 K and then crystallizes in ice vii with the frozen-in disorder (ice vii') which remains stable up to 14.1 GPa at 80 K and 15.9 GPa at 100 K. Unexpectedly, on decompression of ice vii', it transforms to ice viii in its domain of metastability, and then it relaxes into low-density amorphous (LDA) ice on a subsequent pressure release and warming up...
January 28, 2018: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376698/measurement-of-preheat-due-to-nonlocal-electron-transport-in-warm-dense-matter
#16
K Falk, M Holec, C J Fontes, C L Fryer, C W Greeff, H M Johns, D S Montgomery, D W Schmidt, M Šmíd
This Letter presents a novel approach to study electron transport in warm dense matter. It also includes the first x-ray Thomson scattering (XRTS) measurement from low-density CH foams compressed by a strong laser-driven shock at the OMEGA laser facility. The XRTS measurement is combined with velocity interferometry (VISAR) and optical pyrometry (SOP) providing a robust measurement of thermodynamic conditions in the shock. Evidence of significant preheat contributing to elevated temperatures reaching 17.5-35 eV in shocked CH foam is measured by XRTS...
January 12, 2018: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347225/first-principles-equation-of-state-and-shock-compression-predictions-of-warm-dense-hydrocarbons
#17
Shuai Zhang, Kevin P Driver, François Soubiran, Burkhard Militzer
We use path integral Monte Carlo and density functional molecular dynamics to construct a coherent set of equations of state (EOS) for a series of hydrocarbon materials with various C:H ratios (2:1, 1:1, 2:3, 1:2, and 1:4) over the range of 0.07-22.4gcm^{-3} and 6.7×10^{3}-1.29×10^{8}K. The shock Hugoniot curve derived for each material displays a single compression maximum corresponding to K-shell ionization. For C:H = 1:1, the compression maximum occurs at 4.7-fold of the initial density and we show radiation effects significantly increase the shock compression ratio above 2 Gbar, surpassing relativistic effects...
July 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166201/warm-water-compress-as-an-alternative-for-decreasing-the-degree-of-phlebitis
#18
Fitri Annisa, Nani Nurhaeni, Dessie Wanda
Intravenous fluid therapy is an invasive procedure which may increase the risk of patient complications. One of the most common of these is phlebitis, which may cause discomfort and tissue damage. Therefore, a nursing intervention is needed to effectively treat phlebitis. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of applying a warm compression intervention to reduce the degree of phlebitis. A quasi-experimental pre-test and post-test design was used, with a non-equivalent control group...
2017: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137904/implications-of-iodinated-contrast-media-extravasation-in-the-emergency-department
#19
Jonathan D Sonis, Ravi V Gottumukkala, McKinley Glover, Brian J Yun, Benjamin A White, Mannudeep K Kalra, Alexi Otrakji, Ali S Raja, Anand M Prabhakar
PURPOSE: To characterize the management, outcomes, and emergency department (ED) length of stay (LOS) following iodinated contrast media extravasation events in the ED. METHODS: All ED patients who developed iodinated contrast media extravasation following contrast-enhanced CT (CECT) from October 2007-December 2016 were retrospectively identified. Medical records were reviewed and management, complications, frequency of surgical consultation, and ED LOS were quantified using descriptive statistics...
February 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052604/effect-of-topical-loteprednol-etabonate-with-lid-hygiene-on-tear-cytokines-and-meibomian-gland-dysfunction-in-prosthetic-eye-wearers
#20
J S Ko, Y Seo, M K Chae, S Y Jang, J S Yoon
PurposeTo assess tear cytokine levels and clinical outcomes in meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) in the blind eye of patients wearing an ocular prosthesis after 2 months of treatment with topical loteprednol etabonate and eyelid scrubs with warm compresses.Patients and methodsThis study included patients with MGD wearing a unilateral ocular prosthesis for more than 1 year. All patients topically received 0.5% loteprednol etabonate and were instructed to scrub their eyelids with warm compresses on the prosthetic eye for 2 months...
February 2018: Eye
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