Read by QxMD icon Read

Gene-environment interaction alcohol

Huiping Zhang, Joel Gelernter
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Risk for alcohol use disorders (AUDs) is influenced by gene-environment interactions. Environmental factors can affect gene expression through epigenetic mechanisms such as DNA methylation. This review outlines the findings regarding the association of DNA methylation and AUDs. METHODS: We searched PubMed (by April 2016) and identified 29 studies that examined the association of DNA methylation and AUDs. We also evaluated the methods used in these studies...
October 19, 2016: American Journal on Addictions
Jian Gong, Carolyn M Hutter, Polly A Newcomb, Cornelia M Ulrich, Stephanie A Bien, Peter T Campbell, John A Baron, Sonja I Berndt, Stephane Bezieau, Hermann Brenner, Graham Casey, Andrew T Chan, Jenny Chang-Claude, Mengmeng Du, David Duggan, Jane C Figueiredo, Steven Gallinger, Edward L Giovannucci, Robert W Haile, Tabitha A Harrison, Richard B Hayes, Michael Hoffmeister, John L Hopper, Thomas J Hudson, Jihyoun Jeon, Mark A Jenkins, Jonathan Kocarnik, Sébastien Küry, Loic Le Marchand, Yi Lin, Noralane M Lindor, Reiko Nishihara, Shuji Ogino, John D Potter, Anja Rudolph, Robert E Schoen, Petra Schrotz-King, Daniela Seminara, Martha L Slattery, Stephen N Thibodeau, Mark Thornquist, Reka Toth, Robert Wallace, Emily White, Shuo Jiao, Mathieu Lemire, Li Hsu, Ulrike Peters
Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified many genetic susceptibility loci for colorectal cancer (CRC). However, variants in these loci explain only a small proportion of familial aggregation, and there are likely additional variants that are associated with CRC susceptibility. Genome-wide studies of gene-environment interactions may identify variants that are not detected in GWAS of marginal gene effects. To study this, we conducted a genome-wide analysis for interaction between genetic variants and alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking using data from the Colon Cancer Family Registry (CCFR) and the Genetics and Epidemiology of Colorectal Cancer Consortium (GECCO)...
October 2016: PLoS Genetics
Daniel Owusu, Yue Pan, Changchun Xie, Sam Harirforoosh, Ke-Sheng Wang
The PDZ and LIM domain 5 (PDLIM5) gene may play a role in alcohol dependence (AD), bipolar disorder, and major depressive disorder; however, no study has identified shared genetic variants within PDLIM5 gene among AD, type 2 diabetes (T2D), and hypertension. This study investigated the association of 72 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs) with AD (1066 AD cases and 1278 controls) in the Study of Addiction - Genetics and Environment (SAGE) sample and 47 SNPs with T2D (878 cases and 2686 non-diabetic) and hypertension (825 cases and 2739 non-hypertensive) in the Marshfield sample...
September 17, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
Michael Rutter
Translational research focuses on innovation in healthcare settings, but this is a two-way process that may have implications for either treatment or prevention. Smoking and lung cancer and the fetal alcohol syndrome are used as examples. Experimental medicine that budges basic and clinical science often constitutes a key way forward. Areas of scientific progress and challenge are discussed in relation to drug action, social cognition, cognitive neuroscience, molecular genetics, gene-environment interaction, and epigenetics...
October 3, 2016: Development and Psychopathology
Kenichi Kakino, Chikako Kiyohara, Takahiko Horiuchi, Yoichi Nakanishi
BACKGROUND: Cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1) and catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) genes may contribute to susceptibility to lung cancer because of their critical involvement in mechanisms of carcinogenesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated the role of CYP2E1 rs2031920 and COMT rs4680 in a case-control study involving 462 lung cancer cases and 379 controls in Japanese. Logistic regression was used to assess adjusted odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI)...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
C Lovely, Mindy Rampersad, Yohaan Fernandes, Johann Eberhart
Developmental geneticists continue to make substantial jumps in our understanding of the genetic pathways that regulate development. This understanding stems predominantly from analyses of genetically tractable model organisms developing in laboratory environments. This environment is vastly different from that in which human development occurs. As such, most causes of developmental defects in humans are thought to involve multifactorial gene-gene and gene-environment interactions. In this review, we discuss how gene-environment interactions with environmental teratogens may predispose embryos to structural malformations...
September 14, 2016: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Developmental Biology
Alexander I Young, Fabian Wauthier, Peter Donnelly
Genetic studies have shown that obesity risk is heritable and that, of the many common variants now associated with body mass index, those in an intron of the fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) gene have the largest effect. The size of the UK Biobank, and its joint measurement of genetic, anthropometric and lifestyle variables, offers an unprecedented opportunity to assess gene-by-environment interactions in a way that accounts for the dependence between different factors. We jointly examine the evidence for interactions between FTO (rs1421085) and various lifestyle and environmental factors...
2016: Nature Communications
Jacqueline M Vink
The heritability of substance use is moderate to high. Successful efforts to find genetic variants associated with substance use (smoking, alcohol, cannabis) have been undertaken by large consortia. However, the proportion of phenotypic variance explained by the identified genetic variants is small. Interestingly, there is overlap between the genetic variants that influence different substances. Moreover, there are sets of "substance-specific" genes and sets of genes contributing to a "vulnerability for addictive behavior" in general...
September 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Andrew C Heath, Christina N Lessov-Schlaggar, Min Lian, Ruth Miller, Alexis E Duncan, Pamela A F Madden
Successful identification of genetic risk factors in genomewide association studies typically has depended on meta-analyses combining data from large numbers of studies involving tens or hundreds of thousands of participants. This poses a challenge for research on Gene × Environment interaction (G × E) effects, where characterization of environmental exposures is quite limited in most studies and often varies idiosyncratically between studies. Yet the importance of environmental exposures in the etiology of many disorders-and especially alcohol, tobacco, and drug use disorders-is undeniable...
September 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Xue-Bin Wang, Ya-di Han, Shuai Zhang, Ning-Hua Cui, Ze-Jin Liu, Zhu-Liang Huang, Cong Li, Fang Zheng
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP) gene may modulate TXNIP expression, then increase the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD). In a two-stage case-control study with a total of 1818 CAD patients and 1963 controls, we genotyped three SNPs in TXNIP and found that the variant genotypes of SNPs rs7212 [odds ratio (OR) = 1.26, P = 0.001] and rs7211 (OR = 1.23, P = 0.005) were significantly associated with increased CAD risk under a dominant model. In haplotype analyses, compared with the reference haplotype, haplotype 'G-T' had a 1...
July 29, 2016: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Eduardo Fonseca-Pedrero, Javier Ortuño-Sierra, Mercedes Paino, José Muñiz
Psychotic disorders, as well as psychotic-like experiences and substance use, have been found to be associated. The main goal of the present study was to analyse the relationship between psychoticlike experiences and substance use in college students. The simple comprised a total of 660 participants (M = 20.3 years, SD = 2.6). The results showed that 96% of the sample reported some delusional experience, while 20.3% reported at least one positive psychotic-like experience. Some substance use was reported by 41...
2016: Adicciones
Peter B Barr, Jessica E Salvatore, Hermine Maes, Fazil Aliev, Antti Latvala, Richard Viken, Richard J Rose, Jaakko Kaprio, Danielle M Dick
The consequences of heavy alcohol use remain a serious public health problem. Consistent evidence has demonstrated that both genetic and social influences contribute to alcohol use. Research on gene-environment interaction (GxE) has also demonstrated that these social and genetic influences do not act independently. Instead, certain environmental contexts may limit or exacerbate an underlying genetic predisposition. However, much of the work on GxE and alcohol use has focused on adolescence and less is known about the important environmental contexts in young adulthood...
August 2016: Social Science & Medicine
Ana Matošić, Srđan Marušić, Branka Vidrih, Ana Kovak-Mufić, Lipa Cicin-Šain
Alcohol addiction is a heterogeneous psychiatric disorder according to both phenotype and etiology. Difference in phenotype characteristics manifests in the manner the addiction arises, history of the alcoholic and history of drinking, comorbid disorders, and the phenomenon of abstinence difficulties. Concerning the etiology of alcoholism, the disease itself is considered to be a consequence of an interactive influence of the environment and genetic factors. Numerous researches conducted in the last decades discovered many aspects of the biochemical, cell and molecular bases of alcohol addiction, leading to a conclusion that alcoholism is, like many other addictions, a brain disease...
March 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
Shujun Fan, Boyi Yang, Xueyuan Zhi, Yanxun Wang, Jian Wei, Quanmei Zheng, Guifan Sun
Hypertension is considered to be the result of genes, environment, and their interactions. Among them age, sex, tobacco use, alcohol consumption, and being overweight/obesity are well documented environmental determinants, and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T polymorphism is nominated as a potential genetic candidate. However, the synergistic effect of the MTHFR C677T polymorphism with these environmental factors on the risk of hypertension has received little attention. The aim of this study was to explore the associations of the MTHFR C677T polymorphism, environmental factors, and their interactions with hypertension predisposition in a Northern Chinese Han population...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Y Yuan, P Wang, Y H Wu-Chou, X Q Ye, S Z Huang, B Shi, K Wang, Z Q Wang, D J Liu, Z F Wang, T Wu, H Wang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the association and gene-environment interaction between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) involved in cell-cell adhesion and non-syndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate (NSCL/P) among Chinese population. METHODS: A total of 806 NSCL/P trios were drawn by an international consortium, which conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) using a case-parent trio design to investigate genes affecting risks to NSCL/P. The transmission disequilibrium test (TDT) was used to explore the association between cell-cell adhesion genes, including CDH1, CTNNB1, PVRL1, PVRL2, PVRL3, ACTN1, VCL, LEF1, and NSCL/P...
June 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
F J Valenzuela, J Vera, C Venegas, S Muñoz, S Oyarce, K Muñoz, C Lagunas
The circadian system is a supraphysiological system that modulates different biological functions such as metabolism, sleep-wake, cellular proliferation, and body temperature. Different chronodisruptors have been identified, such as shift work, feeding time, long days, and stress. The environmental changes and our modern lifestyle can alter the circadian system and increase the risk of developing pathologies such as cancer, preeclampsia, diabetes, and mood disorder. This system is organized by transcriptional/tranductional feedback loops of clock genes Clock, Bmal1, Per1-3, and Cry1-2...
2016: International Journal of Endocrinology
Xiaojing Xu, Lei Xiao, Jinchao Feng, Ningmei Chen, Yue Chen, Buerbatu Song, Kun Xue, Sha Shi, Yijun Zhou, Matthew A Jenks
Populus euphratica is an important native tree found in arid regions from North Africa and South Europe to China, and is known to tolerate many forms of environmental stress, including drought. We describe cuticle waxes, cutin, and cuticle permeability for the heteromorphic leaves of P. euphratica growing in two riparian habitats that differ in available soil moisture. Scanning electron microscopy revealed variation in epicuticular wax crystallization associated with leaf type and site. P. euphratica leaves are dominated by cuticular wax alkanes, primary-alcohols, and fatty acids...
May 17, 2016: Physiologia Plantarum
Tamara L Wall, Susan E Luczak, Susanne Hiller-Sturmhöfel
Gene variants encoding several of the alcohol-metabolizing enzymes, alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) and aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH), are among the largest genetic associations with risk for alcohol dependence. Certain genetic variants (i.e., alleles)--particularly the ADH1B*2, ADH1B*3, ADH1C*1, and ALDH2*2 alleles--have been associated with lower rates of alcohol dependence. These alleles may lead to an accumulation of acetaldehyde during alcohol metabolism, which can result in heightened subjective and objective effects...
2016: Alcohol Research: Current Reviews
Gang Chen, Futao Zhang, Wenda Xue, Ruyan Wu, Haiming Xu, Kesheng Wang, Jun Zhu
Alcohol dependence is a complex disease involving polygenes, environment and their interactions. Inadequate consideration of these interactions may have hampered the progress on genome-wide association studies of alcohol dependence. By using the dataset of the Study of Addiction: Genetics and Environment with 3838 subjects, we conducted a genome-wide association studies of alcohol dependence symptom count (ADSC) with a full genetic model considering additive, dominance, epistasis and their interactions with ethnicity, as well as conditions of co-morbid substance dependence...
May 5, 2016: Addiction Biology
Christof Brückmann, Adriana Di Santo, Kathrin Nora Karle, Anil Batra, Vanessa Nieratschker
Alcohol dependence is a severe disorder contributing substantially to the global burden of disease. Despite the detrimental consequences of chronic alcohol abuse and dependence, effective prevention strategies as well as treatment options are largely missing to date. Accumulating evidence suggests that gene-environment interactions, including epigenetic mechanisms, play a role in the etiology of alcohol dependence. A recent epigenome-wide study reported widespread alterations of DNA methylation patterns in alcohol dependent patients compared to control individuals...
June 2, 2016: Epigenetics: Official Journal of the DNA Methylation Society
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"