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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937693/genome-wide-association-study-of-alcohol-consumption-and-genetic-overlap-with-other-health-related-traits-in-uk-biobank-n-112%C3%A2-117
#1
T-K Clarke, M J Adams, G Davies, D M Howard, L S Hall, S Padmanabhan, A D Murray, B H Smith, A Campbell, C Hayward, D J Porteous, I J Deary, A M McIntosh
Alcohol consumption has been linked to over 200 diseases and is responsible for over 5% of the global disease burden. Well-known genetic variants in alcohol metabolizing genes, for example, ALDH2 and ADH1B, are strongly associated with alcohol consumption but have limited impact in European populations where they are found at low frequency. We performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of self-reported alcohol consumption in 112 117 individuals in the UK Biobank (UKB) sample of white British individuals...
October 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921935/assessing-causal-relationships-using-genetic-proxies-for-exposures-an-introduction-to-mendelian-randomisation
#2
Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi, Michael Green, Amy E Taylor, George Davey Smith, Marcus R Munafò
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Studying the consequences of addictive behaviours is challenging, with understanding causal relationships from observational data being particularly difficult. For example, people who smoke or drink excessively are often systematically different from those who do not, are less likely to participate in research, and may misreport their behaviours when they do. Furthermore, the direction of causation between an addictive behaviour and outcome may be unclear. Mendelian randomisation (MR) offers potential solutions to these problems...
September 18, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851901/investigating-the-association-between-alcohol-and-risk-of-head-and-neck-cancer-in-taiwan
#3
Cheng-Chih Huang, Jenn-Ren Hsiao, Wei-Ting Lee, Yao-Chou Lee, Chun-Yen Ou, Chan-Chi Chang, Yu-Cheng Lu, Jehn-Shyun Huang, Tung-Yiu Wong, Ken-Chung Chen, Sen-Tien Tsai, Sheen-Yie Fang, Jiunn-Liang Wu, Yuan-Hua Wu, Wei-Ting Hsueh, Chia-Jui Yen, Shang-Yin Wu, Jang-Yang Chang, Chen-Lin Lin, Yi-Hui Wang, Ya-Ling Weng, Han-Chien Yang, Yu-Shan Chen, Jeffrey S Chang
Although alcohol is an established risk factor of head and neck cancer (HNC), insufficiencies exist in the literature in several aspects. We analyzed detailed alcohol consumption data (amount and type of alcoholic beverage) of 811 HNC patients and 940 controls to evaluate the association between alcohol and HNC by HNC sites and by genotypes of ADH1B and ALDH2. Alcohol was associated with an increased HNC risk in a dose-response relationship, with the highest risk observed for hypopharyngeal cancer, followed by oropharyngeal and laryngeal cancers...
August 29, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833276/analysis-of-the-association-of-non-synonymous-polymorphisms-in-adh-genes-with-hazardous-drinking-in-hiv-1-positive-individuals
#4
Jonas Michel Wolf, Daniel Simon, Jorge Umberto Béria, Daniela Cardoso Tietzmann, Airton Tetelbom Stein, Vagner Ricardo Lunge
BACKGROUND: Hazardous drinking (HD) is a serious health problem in people infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) genes have been associated with HD in different populations, but there was no data about this in HIV-1 positive individuals. This study investigated the association of four non-synonymous SNPs in ADH genes (Arg48His and Arg370Cys in ADH1B gene; Arg272Gln and Ile350Val in ADH1C gene) with HD in people living with HIV-1...
August 23, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805974/effect-of-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-in-adh1b-adh4-adh1c-oprm1-drd2-bdnf-and-aldh2-genes-on-alcohol-dependence-in-a-caucasian-population
#5
Martha-Spyridoula Katsarou, Konstantinos Karakonstantis, Nikolaos Demertzis, Emmanouil Vourakis, Aspasia Skarpathioti, Aleksandr E Nosyrev, Aristidis Tsatsakis, Theodoris Kalogridis, Nikolaos Drakoulis
Alcohol is a frequently used addictive substance worldwide. Aim of this study is to determine the frequency distribution of SNPs within ADH1B, ADH4, ADH1C, ALDH2, BDNF, OPRM1, and DRD2 genes in a southeastern European Caucasian population from Greece. For this purpose samples of 1276 volunteers were analyzed after deidentification and anonymization. The allele distribution of the examined polymorphisms in the present Greek population cohort was as follows: rs1229984 (ADH1B): GG(wt) = 64.14%, GA = 29.86%, AA = 4...
August 2017: Pharmacology Research & Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731573/effect-of-alcohol-dehydrogenase-1b-and-7-polymorphisms-on-blood-ethanol-and-acetaldehyde-concentrations-in-healthy-subjects-with-a-history-of-moderate-alcohol-consumption
#6
Roberta Pastorino, Luigi Iuliano, Alessia Vecchioni, Dario Arzani, Mirta Milic, Francesca Annunziata, Chiara Zerbinati, Ettore Capoluongo, Stefano Bonassi, James D McKay, Stefania Boccia
AIMS: To evaluate the effect of ADH1B and ADH7 genotypes on blood acetaldehyde and ethanol levels after alcohol ingestion, and to measure the genotoxic effect of smoking and ethanol on the buccal cells, also controlling for ADH variants. METHODS: We recruited healthy Italian subjects with at least a moderate history of alcohol consumption. All subjects were given an alcoholic drink of 0.4 g ethanol /kg of body weight. Blood venous samples were collected at baseline, and 30, 60, 90 and 120 minutes after ingestion...
July 21, 2017: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714907/genetic-contribution-to-alcohol-dependence-investigation-of-a-heterogeneous-german-sample-of-individuals-with-alcohol-dependence-chronic-alcoholic-pancreatitis-and-alcohol-related-cirrhosis
#7
Jens Treutlein, Josef Frank, Fabian Streit, Céline S Reinbold, Dilafruz Juraeva, Franziska Degenhardt, Liz Rietschel, Stephanie H Witt, Andreas J Forstner, Monika Ridinger, Jana Strohmaier, Norbert Wodarz, Helene Dukal, Jerome C Foo, Per Hoffmann, Stefan Herms, Stefanie Heilmann-Heimbach, Michael Soyka, Wolfgang Maier, Wolfgang Gaebel, Norbert Dahmen, Norbert Scherbaum, Bertram Müller-Myhsok, Susanne Lucae, Marcus Ising, Felix Stickel, Thomas Berg, Ulla Roggenbuck, Karl-Heinz Jöckel, Henrike Scholz, Ulrich S Zimmermann, Stephan Buch, Wolfgang H Sommer, Rainer Spanagel, Benedikt Brors, Sven Cichon, Karl Mann, Falk Kiefer, Jochen Hampe, Jonas Rosendahl, Markus M Nöthen, Marcella Rietschel
The present study investigated the genetic contribution to alcohol dependence (AD) using genome-wide association data from three German samples. These comprised patients with: (i) AD; (ii) chronic alcoholic pancreatitis (ACP); and (iii) alcohol-related liver cirrhosis (ALC). Single marker, gene-based, and pathway analyses were conducted. A significant association was detected for the ADH1B locus in a gene-based approach (puncorrected = 1.2 × 10(-6); pcorrected = 0.020). This was driven by the AD subsample...
July 17, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662358/interaction-between-the-adh1b-3-allele-and-drinking-motives-on-alcohol-use-among-black-college-students
#8
Michelle J Zaso, Jessica M Desalu, Jueun Kim, Kavita Suryadevara, John M Belote, Aesoon Park
BACKGROUND: Black young adults have lower rates of alcohol use than other racial groups. Genetic factors may protect against drinking. Specifically, the ADH1B*3 allele is present almost exclusively in Black populations and has been protective against alcohol use and alcohol use disorder. The protective effects of the ADH1B*3 allele, however, may differ as a function of alcohol-promoting cognitions. OBJECTIVES: The current study examined whether ADH1B*3 moderated relations of drinking motives with alcohol consumption among Black college drinkers...
June 29, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657176/an-improved-pcr-ctpp-assay-for-the-detection-of-adh1b-arg48his-polymorphism
#9
Shupeng Jiang, Yongqing Tong, Rui Zhao, Ge Xiong, Bin Qiao, Yan Li
BACKGROUND: ADH1B Arg48His polymorphism is associated with the development of alcohol-related diseases. In this study, we aimed to explore an improved polymerase chain reaction with confronting two-pair primers (PCR-CTPP) assay for the detection of ADH1B Arg48His polymorphism. METHODS: A mismatch was introduced at the 3' end of each of the two allele-specific to increase the specificity of the reaction. But beyond that, a new mismatch at-3 positions of outer primers was designed to decrease the efficiency of the aforementioned primers and depresses the amplification of an internal nonspecific DNA control...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645180/alcohol-metabolism-and-oesophageal-cancer-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence
#10
Marco Matejcic, Marc J Gunter, Pietro Ferrari
Alcohol is a major risk factor for oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), the most prevalent histological subtype of oesophageal cancer (OC) worldwide. The metabolism of alcohol is regulated by specific enzymes whose activity and expression is influenced by genetic polymorphisms. We conducted a systematic review of current epidemiological evidence of the relationship between alcohol intake and OC risk, including the role of tobacco smoking and functional polymorphisms of alcohol dehydrogenases (ADHs) and aldehyde dehydrogenases (ALDHs)...
September 1, 2017: Carcinogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610454/genetic-polymorphisms-of-alcohol-metabolizing-enzymes-and-their-association-with-alcoholism-risk-personality-and-anthropometric-traits-among-malaysian-university-students
#11
Hing-Huat Ong, Foong-Vai Khor, Kausalyah Balasupramaniam, Yee-How Say
Three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in alcohol-metabolizing genes - ADH1B (Arg47His), ADH1C (Ile350Val) and ALDH2 (Glu504Lys) have been extensively associated with flush reaction and alcoholism. Therefore, we investigated the association of these three SNPs with alcohol-induced reactions (AIRs), alcoholism risk, personality and anthropometric traits among Malaysian university students. AIRs, Self-Rating of the Effects of Alcohol (SRE) and Ten-Item Personality were surveyed, anthropometric measurements and DNA samples were taken...
June 14, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607029/age-dependent-protein-abundance-of-cytosolic-alcohol-and-aldehyde-dehydrogenases-in-human-liver
#12
Deepak Kumar Bhatt, Andrea Gaedigk, Robin E Pearce, J Steven Leeder, Bhagwat Prasad
Hepatic cytosolic alcohol and aldehyde dehydrogenases (ADHs and ALDHs) catalyze the biotransformation of xenobiotics (e.g., cyclophosphamide and ethanol) and vitamin A. Because age-dependent hepatic abundance of these proteins is unknown, we quantified protein expression of ADHs and ALDH1A1 in a large cohort of pediatric and adult human livers by liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry proteomics. Purified proteins were used as calibrators. Two to three surrogate peptides per protein were quantified in trypsin digests of liver cytosolic samples and calibrator proteins under optimal conditions of reproducibility...
September 2017: Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586067/prognosis-genes-in-gastric-adenocarcinoma-identified-by-cross-talk-genes-in-disease%C3%A2-related-pathways
#13
Lizhi Zhao, Haichun Lei, Li Shen, Jiquan Tang, Zhiwei Wang, Weisong Bai, Feng Zhang, Shouli Wang, Weihua Li
The aim of the present study was to investigate the prognostic value of genes that participate in the development of gastric adenocarcinoma, via exploring gene cross talk in disease‑related pathways. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in the gastric samples were identified by analyzing the expression data downloaded from the GEO database. The DEGs were subjected to the human protein‑protein interaction (PPI) network to construct the PPI network of DEGs, which was then used for the identification of key genes in cancer samples via the expression deviation score and degree in the network...
August 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566767/independent-effects-of-adh1b-and-aldh2-common-dysfunctional-variants-on-gout-risk
#14
Masayuki Sakiyama, Hirotaka Matsuo, Airi Akashi, Seiko Shimizu, Toshihide Higashino, Makoto Kawaguchi, Akiyoshi Nakayama, Mariko Naito, Sayo Kawai, Hiroshi Nakashima, Yutaka Sakurai, Kimiyoshi Ichida, Toru Shimizu, Hiroshi Ooyama, Nariyoshi Shinomiya
Gout is caused by hyperuricemia, with alcohol consumption being an established risk factor. Alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) and aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) are crucial enzymes for alcohol metabolism. We recently performed a genome-wide association study of gout and a subsequent fine-mapping study which identified rs671 of ALDH2 as a gout locus. However, the association between gout and common variants of ADH1B has hitherto remained unreported, prompting us to investigate the association between gout and common dysfunctional variants of ADH1B (rs1229984) and ALDH2 (rs671)...
May 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534462/associations-between-alcohol-dehydrogenase-genes-and-alcohol-use-across-early-and-middle-adolescence-moderation-%C3%A3-preventive-intervention
#15
H Harrington Cleveland, Gabriel L Schlomer, David J Vandenbergh, Pedro S A Wolf, Mark E Feinberg, Mark T Greenberg, Richard L Spoth, Cleve Redmond
Data from the in-school sample of the PROSPER preventive intervention dissemination trial were used to investigate associations between alcohol dehydrogenase genes and alcohol use across adolescence, and whether substance misuse interventions in the 6th and 7th grades (targeting parenting, family functioning, social norms, youth decision making, and peer group affiliations) modified associations between these genes and adolescent use. Primary analyses were run on a sample of 1,885 individuals and included three steps...
May 23, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494133/interaction-between-adh1b-3-and-alcohol-facilitating-social-environments-in-alcohol-behaviors-among-college-students-of-african-descent
#16
Jessica M Desalu, Michelle J Zaso, Jueun Kim, John M Belote, Aesoon Park
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although alcohol-facilitating social environmental factors, such as alcohol offers and high perceived peer drinking norms, have been extensively studied as determinants of college drinking, their role among college students of African descent remains understudied. Furthermore, gene-environment interaction research suggests that the effects of alcohol-facilitating environments may differ as a function of genetic factors. Specifically, the alcohol dehydrogenase gene's ADH1B*3 allele, found almost exclusively in persons of African descent, may modulate the association of risky social environments with alcohol behaviors...
June 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485404/genetic-contributors-to-variation-in-alcohol-consumption-vary-by-race-ethnicity-in-a-large-multi-ethnic-genome-wide-association-study
#17
E Jorgenson, K K Thai, T J Hoffmann, L C Sakoda, M N Kvale, Y Banda, C Schaefer, N Risch, J Mertens, C Weisner, H Choquet
Alcohol consumption is a complex trait determined by both genetic and environmental factors, and is correlated with the risk of alcohol use disorders. Although a small number of genetic loci have been reported to be associated with variation in alcohol consumption, genetic factors are estimated to explain about half of the variance in alcohol consumption, suggesting that additional loci remain to be discovered. We conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of alcohol consumption in the large Genetic Epidemiology Research in Adult Health and Aging (GERA) cohort, in four race/ethnicity groups: non-Hispanic whites, Hispanic/Latinos, East Asians and African Americans...
September 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403188/molecular-pathways-associated-with-blood-pressure-and-hexadecanedioate-levels
#18
Cristina Menni, Sarah J Metrustry, Georg Ehret, Anna F Dominiczak, Phil Chowienczyk, Tim D Spector, Sandosh Padmanabhan, Ana M Valdes
The dicarboxylic acid hexadecanedioate is associated with increased blood pressure (BP) and mortality in humans and feeding it to rats raises BP. Here we aim to characterise the molecular pathways that influence levels of hexadecanedioate linked to BP regulation, using genetic and transcriptomic studies. The top associations for hexadecanedioate in a genome-wide association scan (GWAS) conducted on 6447 individuals from the TwinsUK and KORA cohorts were tested for association with BP and hypertension in the International Consortium for BP and in a GWAS of BP extremes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361821/candidate-genes-for-alcohol-dependence-a-genetic-association-study-from-india
#19
Savita Malhotra, Debasish Basu, Madhu Khullar, Abhishek Ghosh, Neera Chugh
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Search for candidate genes for alcohol dependence (AD) has been inconsistent and inconclusive. Moreover, most of the research has been confined to a few specific ethnic groups. Hence, the aim of our study was to explore specific candidate genes for AD in north Indian male population. METHODS: In this clinic-based genetic association study, 210 males with AD and 200 controls matched for age, gender and ethnicity were recruited from the clinic and the general population, respectively...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349588/adh1b-from-alcoholism-natural-selection-and-cancer-to-the-human-phenome
#20
REVIEW
Renato Polimanti, Joel Gelernter
The ADH1B (Alcohol Dehydrogenase 1B (class I), Beta Polypeptide) gene and its best-known functional alleles, Arg48His (rs1229984, ADH1B*2) and Arg370Cys (rs2066702, ADH1B*3), have been investigated in relation to many phenotypic traits; most frequently including alcohol metabolism and alcohol drinking behaviors, but also human evolution, liver function, cancer, and, recently, the comprehensive human phenome. To understand ADH1B functions and consequences, we provide here a bioinformatic analysis of its gene regulation and molecular functions, literature review of studies focused on this gene, and a discussion regarding future research perspectives...
March 27, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
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