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dialysis, kidney, transplant, ESRD

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089754/stem-cell-therapy-an-emerging-modality-in-glomerular-diseases
#1
REVIEW
Umang G Thakkar, Aruna V Vanikar, Hargovind L Trivedi
The kidney has been considered a highly terminally differentiated organ with low proliferative potential and thus unlikely to undergo regeneration. Glomerular disease progresses to end-stage renal disease (ESRD), which requires dialysis or renal transplantation for better quality of life for patients with ESRD. Because of the shortage of implantable kidneys and complications such as immune rejection, septicemia and toxicity of immunosuppression, kidney transplantation remains a challenge. Therapeutic options available for glomerular disease include symptomatic treatment and strategies to delay progression...
January 12, 2017: Cytotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081061/vital-signs-decrease-in-incidence-of-diabetes-related-end-stage-renal-disease-among-american-indians-alaska-natives-united-states-1996-2013
#2
Ann Bullock, Nilka Ríos Burrows, Andrew S Narva, Karen Sheff, Israel Hora, Akaki Lekiachvili, Hannah Cain, David Espey
BACKGROUND: American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/AN) have the highest diabetes prevalence among any racial/ethnic group in the United States. Among AI/AN, diabetes accounts for 69% of new cases of end-stage renal disease (ESRD), defined as kidney failure treated with dialysis or transplantation. During 1982-1996, diabetes-related ESRD (ESRD-D) in AI/AN increased substantially and disproportionately compared with other racial/ethnic groups. METHODS: Data from the U...
January 13, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068455/variation-in-access-to-kidney-transplantation-across-renal-programs-in-ontario-canada
#3
K L Naylor, S N Dixon, A X Garg, S J Kim, P G Blake, G E Nesrallah, M K McCallum, C D'Antonio, A H Li, G A Knoll
In the United States, kidney transplant rates vary significantly across end-stage renal disease (ESRD) networks. We conducted a population-based cohort study to determine whether there was variability in kidney transplant rates across renal programs in a health care system distinct from the United States. We included incident chronic dialysis patients in Ontario, Canada, from 2003 to 2013 and determined the 1-, 5-, and 10-year cumulative incidence of kidney transplantation in 27 regional renal programs (similar to U...
January 9, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036114/does-statins-promote-vascular-calcification-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#4
Zhimin Chen, Abdul Rashid Qureshi, Paolo Parini, Eva Hurt-Camejo, Jonaz Ripsweden, Torkel B Brismar, Peter Barany, Armand Jaminon, Leon J Schurgers, Olof Heimburger, Bengt Lindholm, Peter Stenvinkel
BACKGROUND: In end-stage renal disease (ESRD), coronary artery calcification (CAC) and inflammation contribute to cardiovascular disease (CVD). Statins do not improve survival in ESRD patients and their effect on vascular calcification is unclear. We explored associations between CAC, inflammatory biomarkers, statins and mortality in ESRD. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In 240 ESRD patients (63% males; median age 56 years) from cohorts including 86 recipients of living donor kidney transplant (LD-Rtx), 96 incident dialysis patients and 58 prevalent peritoneal dialysis patients, associations of CAC score (Agatston Units, AUs), interleukin-6 (IL-6) with high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), tumour necrosis factor (TNF), use of statins and all-cause mortality were analysed...
December 30, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988212/natural-regulatory-t-cells-from-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-can-be-used-for-large-scale%C3%A2-generation-of-highly-suppressive-alloantigen-specific-tregs
#5
Nicolle H R Litjens, Karin Boer, Joke M Zuijderwijk, Mariska Klepper, Annemiek M A Peeters, Wenda Verschoor, Rens Kraaijeveld, Michiel G H Betjes
Natural occurring regulatory T cells (nTregs) have the potential to offer a targeted approach of immunosuppression and are the cell type of interest for inducing tolerance in kidney transplantation. End-stage renal disease (ESRD) profoundly affects the composition and function of circulating T cells but little is known with respect to how nTreg potential is affected. To address this, nTregs of patients with ESRD (on dialysis or not) and healthy individuals were isolated, expanded using allogeneic mature monocyte-derived dendritic cells followed by anti-CD3/anti-CD28-coated beads and the different nTregs were extensively characterized by the demethylation status of the Treg-specific demethylated region within FOXP3 and expression of typical nTreg markers...
December 14, 2016: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27951550/peritoneal-dialysis-or-hemodialysis-present-and-future-trends-in-the-united-states
#6
Andre A Kaplan
In 2013, 88.4% of all incident end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients began renal replacement therapy with hemodialysis (HD) while 9.0% began with peritoneal dialysis (PD). The remaining 2.6% received a preemptive kidney transplant. In the US, outpatient HD units are widely distributed and economy of scale has resulted in HD being the most common ESRD modality. Use of PD and preemptive kidney transplant were relatively more common in younger groups and relatively less common among Black and Hispanic patients...
2017: Contributions to Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921039/clinical-manifestation-and-management-of-adpkd-in-western-countries
#7
REVIEW
Claudia Sommerer, Martin Zeier
BACKGROUND: Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is the most common hereditary kidney disease in Western countries. The prevalence is between 2.4/10,000 and 3.9/10,000. ADPKD represents a systemic disease resulting in deterioration in renal function. Until now, mutations in two genes (PKD1 and PKD2) have been identified. Recently, the European Medicines Agency (EMA) approved the use of the vasopressin V2 receptor antagonist tolvaptan to slow the progression of cyst development and renal insufficiency connected with ADPKD in adult patients with chronic kidney disease stages 1-3 at initiation of treatment with evidence of rapidly progressing disease...
October 2016: Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832329/burden-of-multimorbidity-and-outcome-in-ambulatory-geriatric-hemodialysis-patients-report-from-the-qin-registry-in-germany
#8
Gabriele Röhrig, Maria Cristina Polidori, Katherine Rascher, Mathias Schaller, Thomas Benzing, Gero von Gersdorff
BACKGROUND: Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) requiring hemodialysis are typically characterized by multimorbidity and increasingly by advanced age; however, there are few data on their geriatric needs. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the clinical characteristics of a large cohort of incident patients in ambulatory hemodialysis units with a particular focus on those aged over 80 years in Germany. METHODS: The electronic patient registry of the Board of Trustees (Kuratorium) for Dialysis and Kidney Transplantation (KfH) was searched for all patients who began hemodialysis in 1 of the 191 units between 2007 and 2013 and were 65 years and older...
November 10, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797890/long-term-outcome-of-kidney-transplantation-in-recipients-with-focal-segmental-glomerulosclerosis
#9
Anna Francis, Peter Trnka, Steven J McTaggart
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: FSGS can recur after kidney transplantation and is associated with poor graft outcomes. We aimed to assess the incidence of FSGS recurrence post-transplant and determine the effect of graft source on recurrence and graft survival in patients with biopsy-proven FSGS. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: Using the Australian and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant Registry, we assessed incidence of FSGS, the influence of donor type on the risk of FSGS recurrence, and graft loss in recipients with ESRD caused by primary FSGS using Kaplan-Meier and logistic regression analyses...
November 7, 2016: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795953/longitudinal-assessment-of-serum-creatinine-levels-on-graft-survival-after-renal-transplantation-joint-modeling-approach
#10
Elham Maraghi, Abbas Rahimi Foroushani, Shima Younespour, Zohreh Rostami, Behzad Einollahi, Mohammad Reza Eshraghian, Mohammad Reza Akhoond, Kazem Mohammad
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a major public health problem. The eventual outcome of CKD is end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Early diagnosis and proper management play an important role in preventing CKD progression to ESRD. Dialysis and kidney transplantation are the only treatment options available for patients suffering from ESRD. OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to investigate the etiological role of recipient and donor characteristics on serum creatinine changes within the follow-up period, graft failure risk, and the impact of longitudinal serum creatinine levels on graft survival after renal transplantation...
July 2016: Nephro-urology Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768622/survival-benefit-of-kidney-transplantation-in-hiv-infected-patients
#11
Jayme E Locke, Sally Gustafson, Shikha Mehta, Rhiannon D Reed, Brittany Shelton, Paul A MacLennan, Christine Durand, Jon Snyder, Nicholas Salkowski, Allan Massie, Deirdre Sawinski, Dorry L Segev
OBJECTIVE: To determine the survival benefit of kidney transplantation in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Although kidney transplantation (KT) has emerged as a viable option for select HIV-infected patients, concerns have been raised that risks of KT in HIV-infected patients are higher than those in their HIV-negative counterparts. Despite these increased risks, KT may provide survival benefit for the HIV-infected patient with ESRD, yet this important clinical question remains unanswered...
April 26, 2016: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753815/ssa-05-2-hypertension-and-kidney-complication-in-africa
#12
Solomon Kadiri
Hypertension prevalence rates in most urbanized areas of Africa range from 20-30%, with a recent systematic review reporting 16.2% for sub-Saharan Africa. These rates are lower than those in the West but the age standardized rates are higher than in other regions of the world. The attendant morbidity and mortality are disproportionately high. For example, failure of nocturnal dipping and microalbuminuria, predictive of vascular disease, occur relatively early in the course of hypertension and predispose to early vascular disease...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753805/ssa-02-4-disparities-in-hypertension-management-of-ckd-in-south-asia
#13
Tazeen Jafar
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) defined as reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) or presence of albuminuria, progresses to end stage renal disease (ESRD), needing dialysis or kidney transplant to sustain life, and is associated with increased risks of premature cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality. CKD ranked 18 leading (and most rapidly rising cause of mortality by the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. The social and economic consequences of CKD are far worse in low and middle income countries (LMICs) including India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738125/a-randomized-trial-to-reduce-disparities-in-referral-for-transplant-evaluation
#14
Rachel E Patzer, Sudeshna Paul, Laura Plantinga, Jennifer Gander, Leighann Sauls, Jenna Krisher, Laura L Mulloy, Eric M Gibney, Teri Browne, Carlos F Zayas, William M McClellan, Kimberly Jacob Arriola, Stephen O Pastan
Georgia has the lowest kidney transplant rates in the United States and substantial racial disparities in transplantation. We determined the effectiveness of a multicomponent intervention to increase referral of patients on dialysis for transplant evaluation in the Reducing Disparities in Access to kidNey Transplantation Community Study (RaDIANT), a randomized, dialysis facility-based, controlled trial involving >9000 patients receiving dialysis from 134 dialysis facilities in Georgia. In December of 2013, we selected dialysis facilities with either low transplant referral or racial disparity in referral...
October 13, 2016: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730430/recent-trends-in-adpkd-research
#15
Yu Bin Shin, Jong Hoon Park
Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease (ADPKD) is one of the most common inherited disorders. It is the fourth leading cause of renal replacement and renal failure worldwide. Mutations in PKD1 or PKD2 cause ADPKD. Patients with ADPKD show progressive growth of renal cysts filled with cystic fluid, leading to end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and renal failure by their sixth decade of life. Currently, there are no curative treatments for ADPKD. Therefore, patients require dialysis or kidney transplantation...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677979/clinical-presentation-and-outcome-of-pediatric-anca-associated-glomerulonephritis
#16
Anne M Kouri, Sharon P Andreoli
BACKGROUND: Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis is a small- and medium-sized vasculitis classically seen in adult patients, with peak onset near the fifth to seventh decade of life. There is little data on ANCA-associated vasculitis in pediatric patients, and most studies have limited follow-up. METHODS: This is a retrospective chart review of 22 patients with ANCA-positive glomerulonephritis in a single institution from 1991 to 2013...
September 27, 2016: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677977/quality-of-life-in-children-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#17
John Dotis, Antigoni Pavlaki, Nikoleta Printza, Stella Stabouli, Stamatia Antoniou, Chrysa Gkogka, Nikolaos Kontodimopoulos, Fotios Papachristou
BACKGROUND: Progressive chronic kidney disease (CKD), irrespective of the underlying etiology, affects the quality of life (QoL) of children due to the need for regular follow-up visits, a strict medication program and diet intake. METHODS: The Greek version of the KIDSCREEN-52 multidimensional questionnaire was used in children with CKD, renal transplantation (RT) and in a control group (CG) of healthy children. RESULTS: Fifty-five patients between 8 and 18 years, with CKD (n = 25), RT (n = 16) and with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on peritoneal dialysis (PD) (n = 14) were included...
September 27, 2016: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650800/the-effect-of-renal-dysfunction-and-haemodialysis-on-circulating-liver-specific-mir-122
#18
Laura Rivoli, A D Bastiaan Vliegenthart, Carmelita M J de Potter, Job J M H van Bragt, Nikolaos Tzoumas, Peter Gallacher, Tariq E Farrah, Neeraj Dhaun, James W Dear
AIMS: microRNA-122 (miR-122) is a hepatotoxicity biomarker with utility in the management of paracetamol overdose and in drug development. Renal dysfunction and haemodialysis have been associated with a reduction in circulating microRNA. The objective of this study was to determine their effect on miR-122. METHODS: Blood samples were collected from 17 patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on haemodialysis, 22 healthy controls, 30 patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and 15 patients post-kidney transplantation...
September 21, 2016: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643378/ssa-05-2-hypertension-and-kidney-complication-in-africa
#19
Solomon Kadiri
Hypertension prevalence rates in most urbanized areas of Africa range from 20-30%, with a recent systematic review reporting 16.2% for sub-Saharan Africa. These rates are lower than those in the West but the age standardized rates are higher than in other regions of the world. The attendant morbidity and mortality are disproportionately high. For example, failure of nocturnal dipping and microalbuminuria, predictive of vascular disease, occur relatively early in the course of hypertension and predispose to early vascular disease...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642932/ssa-02-4-disparities-in-hypertension-management-of-ckd-in-south-asia
#20
Tazeen Jafar
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) defined as reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) or presence of albuminuria, progresses to end stage renal disease (ESRD), needing dialysis or kidney transplant to sustain life, and is associated with increased risks of premature cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality. CKD ranked 18 leading (and most rapidly rising cause of mortality by the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. The social and economic consequences of CKD are far worse in low and middle income countries (LMICs) including India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
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