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Seshasailam Venkateswaran, Maria Angélica Luque-González, Mavys Tabraue-Chávez, Mario Antonio Fara, Barbara López-Longarela, Victoria Cano-Cortes, Francisco Javier López-Delgado, Rosario María Sánchez-Martín, Hugh Ilyine, Mark Bradley, Salvatore Pernagallo, Juan José Díaz-Mochón
Over the last decade, circulating microRNAs have received attention as diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers. In particular, microRNA122 has been demonstrated to be an early and more sensitive indicator of drug-induced liver injury than the widely used biomarkers such as alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase. Recently, microRNA122 has been used in vitro to assess the cellular toxicity of new drugs and as a biomarker for the development of a rapid test for drug overdose/liver damage. In this proof-of-concept study, we report a PCR-free and label-free detection method that has a limit of detection (3 standard deviations) of 15 fmoles of microRNA122, by integrating a dynamic chemical approach for "Single Nucleobase Labelling" with a bead-based platform (Luminex(®)) thereby, in principle, demonstrating the exciting prospect of rapid and accurate profiling of any microRNAs related to diseases and toxicology...
December 1, 2016: Talanta
Takahiro Kishikawa, Motoyuki Otsuka, Poh Seng Tan, Motoko Ohno, Xiaochen Sun, Takeshi Yoshikawa, Chikako Shibata, Akemi Takata, Kentaro Kojima, Kenji Takehana, Maki Ohishi, Sana Ota, Tomoyuki Noyama, Yuji Kondo, Masaya Sato, Tomoyoshi Soga, Yujin Hoshida, Kazuhiko Koike
Reduced expression of microRNA122 (miR122), a liver-specific microRNA, is frequent in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, its biological significances remain poorly understood. Because deregulated amino acid levels in cancers can affect their biological behavior, we determined the amino acid levels in miR122-silenced mouse liver tissues, in which intracellular arginine levels were significantly increased. The increased intracellular arginine levels were through upregulation of the solute carrier family 7 (SLC7A1), a transporter of arginine and a direct target of miR122...
April 10, 2015: Oncotarget
Victor Max Corman, Adam Grundhoff, Christine Baechlein, Nicole Fischer, Anatoly Gmyl, Robert Wollny, Dickson Dei, Daniel Ritz, Tabea Binger, Ernest Adankwah, Kwadwo Sarfo Marfo, Lawrence Annison, Augustina Annan, Yaw Adu-Sarkodie, Samuel Oppong, Paul Becher, Christian Drosten, Jan Felix Drexler
UNLABELLED: The hepatitis C virus (HCV; genus Hepacivirus) is a highly relevant human pathogen. Unique hepaciviruses (HV) were discovered recently in animal hosts. The direct ancestor of HCV has not been found, but the genetically most closely related animal HVs exist in horses. To investigate whether other peridomestic animals also carry HVs, we analyzed sera from Ghanaian cattle for HVs by reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR). Nine of 106 specimens from different sampling sites contained HV RNA (8...
June 2015: Journal of Virology
Yueh Chien, Yuh-Lih Chang, Hsin-Yang Li, Mikael Larsson, Wai-Wah Wu, Chian-Shiu Chien, Chien-Ying Wang, Pen-Yuan Chu, Kuan-Hsuan Chen, Wen-Liang Lo, Shih-Hwa Chiou, Yuan-Tzu Lan, Teh-Ia Huo, Shou-Dong Lee, Pin-I Huang
MicroRNA122 (miR122), a liver-specific microRNA, plays critical roles in homeostatic regulation and hepatic-specific differentiation. Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) have promising potential in regenerative medicine, but it remains unknown whether non-viral vector-mediated miR122 delivery can enhance the differentiation of iPSCs into hepatocyte-like cells (iPSC-Heps) and rescue thioacetamide-induced acute hepatic failure (AHF) in vivo. In this study, we demonstrated that embedment of miR122 complexed with polyurethane-graft-short-branch polyethylenimine copolymer (PU-PEI) in nanostructured amphiphatic carboxymethyl-hexanoyl chitosan (CHC) led to dramatically enhanced miR122 delivery into human dental pulp-derived iPSCs (DP-iPSCs) and facilitated these DP-iPSCs to differentiate into iPSC-Heps (miR122-iPSC-Heps) with mature hepatocyte functions...
February 2015: Acta Biomaterialia
Chikako Shibata, Motoko Ohno, Motoyuki Otsuka, Takahiro Kishikawa, Kaku Goto, Ryosuke Muroyama, Naoya Kato, Takeshi Yoshikawa, Akemi Takata, Kazuhiko Koike
Despite recent progress in the development of direct-acting antivirals against hepatitis C virus (HCV), chronic HCV infection remains an important health burden worldwide. MicroRNA122 (miR122), a liver-specific microRNA (miRNA), positively regulates HCV replication, and systemic application of antisense oligonucleotides against miR122 led to the long-lasting suppression of HCV viremia in human clinical trials. Here, we report that apigenin, a flavonoid and an inhibitor of maturation of a subset of miRNAs, inhibits HCV replication in vitro...
August 2014: Virology
Chikako Shibata, Takahiro Kishikawa, Motoyuki Otsuka, Motoko Ohno, Takeshi Yoshikawa, Akemi Takata, Haruhiko Yoshida, Kazuhiko Koike
While inhibition of microRNA122 (miR122) function in vivo results in reduced serum cholesterol and fatty acid levels, the molecular mechanisms underlying the link between miR122 function and lipid metabolism remains unclear. Because the expression of SREBP1, a central transcription factor involved in lipid metabolism, is known to be increased by suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS3) expression, and because we previously found that SOCS3 expression is regulated by miR122, in this study, we examined the correlation between miR122 status and the expression levels of SOCS3 and SREBP1...
August 16, 2013: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Kentaro Kojima, Akemi Takata, Charles Vadnais, Motoyuki Otsuka, Takeshi Yoshikawa, Masao Akanuma, Yuji Kondo, Young Jun Kang, Takahiro Kishikawa, Naoya Kato, Zhifang Xie, Weiping J Zhang, Haruhiko Yoshida, Masao Omata, Alain Nepveu, Kazuhiko Koike
α-fetoprotein (AFP) is not only a widely used biomarker in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) surveillance, but is also clinically recognized as linked with aggressive tumour behaviour. Here we show that deregulation of microRNA122, a liver-specific microRNA, is a cause of both AFP elevation and a more biologically aggressive phenotype in HCC. We identify CUX1, a direct target of microRNA122, as a common central mediator of these two effects. Using liver tissues from transgenic mice in which microRNA122 is functionally silenced, an orthotopic xenograft tumour model, and human clinical samples, we further demonstrate that a microRNA122/CUX1/microRNA214/ZBTB20 pathway regulates AFP expression...
2011: Nature Communications
A Geisler, A Jungmann, J Kurreck, W Poller, H A Katus, R Vetter, H Fechner, O J Müller
Adeno-associated virus (AAV) vectors with capsids of AAV serotype 9 enable an efficient transduction of the heart upon intravenous injection of adult mice but also transduce the liver. The aim of this study was to improve specificity of AAV9 vector-mediated cardiac gene transfer by microRNA (miR)-dependent control of transgene expression. We constructed plasmids and AAV vectors containing target sites (TSs) of liver-specific miR122, miR192 and miR148a in the 3' untranslated region (3'UTR) of a luciferase expression cassette...
February 2011: Gene Therapy
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