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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243840/conjugal-intimacy-gender-and-modernity-in-contemporary-china
#1
Jieyu Liu, Eona Bell, Jiayu Zhang
The new generation of modernity theorists have forecast the democratization of gender relations within intimate relationships in late-modern times. Chinese society has undergone rapid and dramatic changes in its unique trajectory of political, social and economic reform. Using China as an example of a region which has been largely ignored in contemporary social theory, this article enters the debate to contest the extent to which conjugal relationships are democratized in line with modernity. We further test the assertion that modern marriages are characterized by increased self-disclosure and communication between partners...
December 15, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242087/complications-with-use-of-misoprostol-for-abortion-in-madagascar-between-ease-of-access-and-lack-of-information
#2
Dolorès Pourette, Chiarella Mattern, Rila Ratovoson, Patricia Raharimalala
OBJECTIVES: To learn what complications some women experienced in Madagascar following use of misoprostol for abortion and what treatment they received post-misoprostol use. STUDY DESIGN: This was a qualitative study in 2015-16 among women who had experienced complications after use of misoprostol, with or without additional methods, for abortion, what information they received before use, what dosage and regimens they used, what complications they experienced and what treatment they received post-use...
December 11, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241650/regional-gray-matter-volume-mediates-the-relationship-between-maternal-emotional-warmth-and-gratitude
#3
Junyi Yang, Dongtao Wei, Kangcheng Wang, Zili Yi, Jiang Qiu
Researchers have examined how parenting behavior influences individuals' brain structure and behavioral development, primarily among people who have experienced maltreatment. However, information relating to the anatomical structure associated with the parenting behavior in young healthy individuals who have not experienced maltreatment is scant. Gratitude is an important aspect of human sociality. Both the extent to which parenting behavior influences gratitude and the neural basis of the relationship between parenting behavior and gratitude are unclear...
December 11, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241455/inclusion-of-men-in-maternal-and-safe-motherhood-services-in-inner-city-communities-in-ghana-evidence-from-a-descriptive-cross-sectional-survey
#4
Margaret Duah Atuahene, Sylvia Arde-Acquah, Nana Frema Atuahene, Martin Adjuik, John Kuumuori Ganle
BACKGROUND: There has been a growing realisation of the need to enhance men's inclusion in maternal and safe motherhood services, especially in low-income settings. However, empirical studies on the extent to which men are involved in maternal and safe motherhood services especially in poor inner-city communities are lacking. The purpose of this study was to describe the level of men's inclusion in maternal and safe-motherhood services in inner-city communities in Ghana, and to assess the barriers of men's involvement...
December 14, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239634/mother-child-positivity-and-negativity-family-wide-and-child-specific-main-effects-and-interactions-predict-child-adjustment
#5
Bonamy R Oliver, Alison Pike
Links between positive and negative aspects of the parent-child relationship and child adjustment are undisputed. Scholars recognize the importance of parental differential treatment (PDT) of siblings, yet, less is known about PDT in the context of the shared (family-wide) parent-child relationship climate, or about the extent to which positivity may buffer children's adjustment from negativity. Controlling for behavioral stability, we examined the potential for positive and negative parent-child processes to interact across and between child-specific and family-wide levels in the prediction of children's adjustment...
December 14, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238796/sources-of-parent-offspring-resemblance-for-major-depression-in-a-national-swedish-extended-adoption-study
#6
Kenneth S Kendler, Henrik Ohlsson, Kristina Sundquist, Jan Sundquist
Importance: Twin studies have assessed sibling resemblance for major depression (MD) but cannot address sources of resemblance across generations. Objective: To clarify the relative importance of genetic and rearing effects on the parent-offspring resemblance for MD. Design: This Swedish population register-based study examined parents and children from the following 5 family types: intact (2 041 816 offspring), adoptive (14 104 offspring), not-lived-with (NLW) father (116 601 offspring), stepfather (67 826 offspring), and triparental (29 205 offspring)...
December 13, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236653/rectal-cancer-survivors-participation-in-productive-activities
#7
Mark C Hornbrook, Marcia Grant, Christopher Wendel, Joanna E Bulkley, Carmit K Mcmullen, Andrea Altschuler, Larissa Kf Temple, Lisa J Herrinton, Robert S Krouse
CONTEXT: Rectal cancer and its treatment impair survivors' productivity. OBJECTIVE: To assess determinants of market and nonmarket employment, job search, volunteering, and homemaking among survivors five years or longer after diagnosis. DESIGN: We mailed questionnaires to 1063 survivors who were members of Kaiser Permanente (Northern California, Northwest) during 2010 and 2011. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Productive activities, functional health status, and bowel management at the time of the survey...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235132/mitochondrial-donation-patient-engagement-and-narratives-of-hope
#8
Cathy Herbrand, Rebecca Dimond
This article develops the sociology of hope and patient engagement by exploring how patients' perceptions and actions are shaped by narratives of hope surrounding the clinical introduction of novel reproductive techniques. In 2015, after extensive public debates, the UK became the first country to legalise a mitochondrial donation technique aimed at preventing the transmission of inherited disorders. The article draws on the accounts of twenty-two women of reproductive age who are at risk of having a child with mitochondrial disease and would be the potential target of the technique...
December 12, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235128/-love-builds-brains-representations-of-attachment-and-children-s-brain-development-in-parenting-education-material
#9
Glenda Wall
A focus on early brain development has come to dominate expert child rearing advice over the past two decades. Recent scholars have noted a reinvigoration of the concept of attachment in this advice and changes in the ways that attachment is framed and understood. The extent to which the concept of attachment is drawn on, the way it is framed, and the consequences for mothers, families and parent-child relationships is examined through a discursive analysis of a current Canadian parental education campaign...
December 12, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234880/reorganization-of-wheat-and-rye-genomes-in-octoploid-triticale-%C3%A3-%C3%A2-triticosecale
#10
Anna Kalinka, Magdalena Achrem
The analysis of early generations of triticale showed numerous rearrangements of the genome. Complexed transformation included loss of chromosomes, t-heterochromatin content changes and the emergence of retrotransposons in new locations. This study investigated certain aspects of genomic transformations in the early generations (F5 and F8) of the primary octoploid triticale derived from the cross of hexaploid wheat with the diploid rye. Most of the plants tested were hypoploid; among eliminated chromosomes were rye chromosomes 4R and 5R and variable number of wheat chromosomes...
December 12, 2017: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233285/assessment-of-clinical-and-educational-interventions-that-advanced-pharmacy-practice-experience-appe-students-contributed-to-a-family-medicine-residency-program
#11
Tatum Mead, Derek Pilla
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The literature firmly establishes that clinical interventions made by pharmacy students on Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience (APPE) rotations contribute significantly to cost-savings realized by the hosting practice sites. The Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE) specifies the experiential curricula include opportunities for students to learn about, from, and with other members of the healthcare team through interprofessional education activities...
May 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233208/training-early-childcare-providers-in-evidence-based-nutrition-strategies-can-help-improve-nutrition-policies-and-practices-of-early-childcare-centres-serving-racially-and-ethnically-diverse-children-from-low-income-families
#12
T Lucas Hollar, Nicole Cook, Ruby Natale, David Quinn, Teina Phillips, Michael DeLucca
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the extent to which providing training and technical assistance to early childcare centre (ECC) directors, faculty and staff in the implementation of evidence-based nutrition strategies improved the nutrition contexts, policies and practices of ECC serving racially and ethnically diverse, low-income children in Broward County, Florida, USA. The nutrition strategies targeted snack and beverage policies and practices, consistent with Caring for Our Children National Standards...
December 13, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233195/intact-striatal-dopaminergic-modulation-of-reward-learning-and-daily-life-reward-oriented-behavior-in-first-degree-relatives-of-individuals-with-psychotic-disorder
#13
Zuzana Kasanova, Jenny Ceccarini, Michael J Frank, Thérèse van Amelsvoort, Jan Booij, Esther van Duin, Henrietta Steinhart, Thomas Vaessen, Alexander Heinzel, Felix Mottaghy, Inez Myin-Germeys
BACKGROUND: Abnormalities in reward learning in psychotic disorders have been proposed to be linked to dysregulated subcortical dopaminergic (DA) neurotransmission, which in turn is a suspected mechanism for predisposition to psychosis. We therefore explored the striatal dopaminergic modulation of reward processing and its behavioral correlates in individuals at familial risk for psychosis. METHODS: We performed a DA D2/3 receptor [18F]fallypride positron emission tomography scan during a probabilistic reinforcement learning task in 16 healthy first-degree relatives of patients with psychosis and 16 healthy volunteers, followed by a 6-day ecological momentary assessment study capturing reward-oriented behavior in the everyday life...
December 13, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232085/use-of-paid-and-unpaid-personal-help-by-medicare-beneficiaries-needing-long-term-services-and-supports
#14
Amber Willink, Karen Davis, John Mulcahy, Jennifer L Wolff
Issue: Older adults who reside in communities, as opposed to nursing homes or other residential institutions, are largely dependent on family and unpaid caregivers for assistance with daily activities, like preparing meals or laundry, and self-care tasks like bathing or dressing. For low-income older adults, assistance with such activities, also known as long-term services and supports (LTSS), can also come from Medicaid. These sources of support will be increasingly inadequate as the population ages...
November 1, 2017: Issue Brief of the Commonwealth Fund
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230311/household-water-insecurity-missed-schooling-and-the-mediating-role-of-caregiver-depression-in-rural-uganda
#15
C E Cooper-Vince, B Kakuhikire, D Vorechovska, A Q McDonough, J Perkins, A S Venkataramani, R C Mushavi, C Baguma, S Ashaba, D R Bangsberg, A C Tsai
Background: School attendance rates in sub-Saharan Africa are among the lowest worldwide, placing children at heightened risk for poor educational and economic outcomes. One understudied risk factor for missed schooling is household water insecurity, which is linked to depression among women and may increase children's water-fetching burden at the expense of educational activities, particularly among children of depressed caregivers. In this study conducted in rural Uganda, we assessed the association between household water insecurity and child school participation and the mediating pathways behind these associations...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228353/the-roles-of-p53-and-its-family-proteins-p63-and-p73-in-the-dna-damage-stress-response-in-organogenesis-stage-mouse-embryos
#16
Nazem El Husseini, Barbara F Hales
Members of the P53 transcription factor family, P53, P63 and P73, play important roles in normal development and in regulating the expression of genes that control apoptosis and cell cycle progression in response to genotoxic stress. P53 is involved in the DNA damage response pathway that is activated by hydroxyurea in organogenesis-stage murine embryos. The extent to which P63 and P73 contribute to this stress response is not known. To address this question, we examined the roles of P53, P63 and P73 in mediating the response of Trp53-positive and Trp53-deficient murine embryos to a single dose of hydroxyurea (400 mg/kg) on gestational day 9...
December 7, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221175/trpm8-is-required-for-survival-and-radioresistance-of-glioblastoma-cells
#17
Dominik Klumpp, Stephanie C Frank, Lukas Klumpp, Efe C Sezgin, Marita Eckert, Lena Edalat, Martin Bastmeyer, Daniel Zips, Peter Ruth, Stephan M Huber
TRPM8 is a Ca2+-permeable nonselective cation channel belonging to the melastatin sub-group of the transient receptor potential (TRP) family. TRPM8 is aberrantly overexpressed in a variety of tumor entities including glioblastoma multiforme where it reportedly contributes to tumor invasion. The present study aimed to disclose further functions of TRPM8 in glioma biology in particular upon cell injury by ionizing radiation. To this end, TCGA data base was queried to expose the TRPM8 mRNA abundance in human glioblastoma specimens and immunoblotting was performed to analyze the TRPM8 protein abundance in primary cultures of human glioblastoma...
November 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220365/a-novel-methodology-for-strengthening-human-rights-based-monitoring-in-public-health-family-planning-indicators-as-an-illustrative-example
#18
Sofia Gruskin, Laura Ferguson, Shubha Kumar, Alexandra Nicholson, Moazzam Ali, Rajat Khosla
OBJECTIVE: The last few years have seen a rise in the number of global and national initiatives that seek to incorporate human rights into public health practice. Nonetheless, a lack of clarity persists regarding the most appropriate indicators to monitor rights concerns in these efforts. The objective of this work was to develop a systematic methodology for use in determining the extent to which indicators commonly used in public health capture human rights concerns, using contraceptive services and programmes as a case study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219039/morphogenesis-and-mucus-production-of-epithelial-tissues-of-three-major-salivary-glands-of-embryonic-mouse-in-3d-culture
#19
Azusa Nakao, Takumi Inaba, Akiko Murakami-Sekimata, Hiroyuki Nogawa
Embryonic mouse submandibular epithelia initiate branching morphogenesis within two days when embedded in Matrigel and stimulated by members of the epidermal growth factor family. However, it is unknown whether the end buds further branch over longer culture periods, and whether saliva-producing cells differentiate there. In the present study, we cultivated three major (submandibular, sublingual and parotid) salivary epithelia from 13-day embryos for 14 days in mesenchyme-free cultures. All epithelia continued to grow and branch to form numerous acinus-like structures in medium supplemented with neuregulin 1, fibroblast growth factor 1, and insulintransferrin-sodium selenite...
December 2017: Zoological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218056/respiratory-burst-oxidase-homolog-gene-a-is-crucial-for-rhizobium-infection-and-nodule-maturation-and-function-in-common-bean
#20
Manoj-Kumar Arthikala, Jesús Montiel, Rosana Sánchez-López, Noreide Nava, Luis Cárdenas, Carmen Quinto
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced by respiratory burst oxidase homologs (RBOHs) regulate numerous plant cell processes, including the symbiosis between legumes and nitrogen-fixing bacteria. Rapid and transient ROS production was reported after Phaseolus vulgaris root hairs were treated with Nod factors, indicating the presence of a ROS-associated molecular signature in the symbiosis signaling pathway. Rboh is a multigene family containing nine members (RbohA-I) in P. vulgaris. RNA interference of RbohB suppresses ROS production and attenuates rhizobial infection thread (IT) progression in P...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
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