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Heart valve repair

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725332/thyrotoxic-valvulopathy-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#1
Keniel Pierre, Sushee Gadde, Bassam Omar, G Mustafa Awan, Christopher Malozzi
We report a 42-year-old female who was admitted for abdominal pain, and also endorsed dyspnea, fatigue and chronic palpitations. Past medical history included asthma, patent ductus arteriosus repaired in childhood and ill-defined thyroid disease. Physical examination revealed blood pressure of 136/88 mm Hg and heart rate of 149 beats per minute. Cardiovascular exam revealed an irregularly irregular rhythm, and pulmonary exam revealed mild expiratory wheezing. Abdomen was tender. Electrocardiogram revealed atrial fibrillation with rapid ventricular response which responded to intravenous diltiazem...
June 2017: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713108/current-prescribing-practices-for-antibiotic-prophylaxis-a-survey-of-dental-practitioners
#2
Leah S Spittle, Kathleen B Muzzin, Patricia R Campbell, Janice P DeWald, Francisco Rivera-Hidalgo
AIM: Antibiotic prophylaxis guidelines have been developed for health care and dentistry. The authors examined whether dentists were following the 2007 American Heart Association (AHA) and the 2012 American Association of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) recommendations for antibiotic prophylaxis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey was sent to 600 dentists in the south-central region of the United States. The survey examined dentists' prescribing practices for patients with cardiac and prosthetic joint replacements, antibiotic regimen prescribed, confidence in their prescription decisions, and dentistry's contribution to antibiotic resistance...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711965/efficacy-of-an-extracellular-matrix-in-systemic-loading-conditions-in-congenital-heart-surgery
#3
Adeel Ashfaq, Amit Iyengar, Oh Jin Kwon, Mohammad S Soroya, Son Nguyen, Ryan Ou, Brian Reemtsen
Extracellular matrices (ECM) are commonly used to repair congenital heart defects; however, there is a lack of literature pertaining to outcomes with ECM use in high-pressure conditions. Between 2011 and 2014, a total of 202 patients underwent congenital heart disease repair using the ECM placed in a systemic pressure condition. The operative sites included: defects in the ventricular septum, mitral valve, aortic valve, ascending aorta, and aortic arch. Patients were followed and evaluated for mortality and reoperations due to loss of ECM integrity...
July 15, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706871/tricuspid-valve-regurgitation-after-heart-transplantation
#4
Murray H Kwon, Richard J Shemin
Tricuspid valve regurgitation (TVR) in the orthotopic heart transplant (OHT) recipient is quite common and has varied clinical sequelae. In its severest forms, it can lead to right-sided failure symptoms indistinguishable from that seen in native heart TVR disease. While certain implantation techniques are widely recognized to reduce the risk of TVR in the cardiac allograft, concomitant tricuspid annuloplasty, while having advocates, is not currently accepted as a routinely established adjunct. Decisions to surgically correct TVR in the OHT recipient must be made carefully, as certain clinical scenarios have high risk of failure...
May 2017: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706868/tricuspid-valve-endocarditis
#5
Syed T Hussain, James Witten, Nabin K Shrestha, Eugene H Blackstone, Gösta B Pettersson
Right-sided infective endocarditis (RSIE) is less common than left-sided infective endocarditis (IE), encompassing only 5-10% of cases of IE. Ninety percent of RSIE involves the tricuspid valve (TV). Given the relatively small numbers of TVIE cases operated on at most institutions, the purpose of this review is to highlight and discuss the current understanding of IE involving the TV. RSIE and TVIE are strongly associated with intravenous drug use (IVDU), although pacemaker leads, defibrillator leads and vascular access for dialysis are also major risk factors...
May 2017: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706864/surgical-outcomes-of-isolated-tricuspid-valve-procedures-repair-versus-replacement
#6
Julius I Ejiofor, Robert C Neely, Maroun Yammine, Siobhan McGurk, Tsuyoshi Kaneko, Marzia Leacche, Lawrence H Cohn, Prem S Shekar
BACKGROUND: Isolated tricuspid valve (ITV) operations are infrequent and the decision to operate is controversial. We report a series of ITV operations to outline the current disease status requiring this uncommon procedure with an emphasis on the results of tricuspid valve repair (TVr) versus replacement (TVR). METHODS: Using our prospective cardiac surgery database, 57 patients who underwent ITV operations between 01/02-03/14 were identified. Median follow up time was 3...
May 2017: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705664/complete-atrioventricular-canal-defect-towards-a-more-physiological-repair
#7
A Boutayeb
We describe a more physiological technique of complete atrioventricular septal defect repair which restores normal heart anatomy with the offset between the insertions of the mitral and tricuspid valves. This technique overcomes the drawbacks of the previous approaches, and may improve surgical outcomes, particularly in small infants with high ventricular septal defect component or dextroposed aorta.
June 15, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704916/three-dimensional-echocardiography-in-adult-congenital-heart-disease
#8
REVIEW
Hyun Suk Yang
Congenital heart disease (CHD) is now more common in adults than in children due to improvements in fetal echo, neonatal and pediatric care, and surgical techniques leading to dramatically increased survivability into adulthood. Adult patients with CHD, regardless of prior cardiac surgery, experience further cardiac problems or therapeutic challenges; therefore, a non-invasive, easily accessible echocardiographic examination is an essential follow-up tool. Among echocardiographic modalities, three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography provides better delineation of spatial relationships in complex cardiac geometries and more accurate volumetric information without geometric assumptions...
July 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698799/adults-with-repaired-tetralogy-low-mortality-but-high-morbidity-up-to-middle-age
#9
Mark Dennis, Ben Moore, Irina Kotchetkova, Lynne Pressley, Rachael Cordina, David S Celermajer
OBJECTIVE: Survival of patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (rToF) into young adulthood is very good. Concerns exist, however, over long-term morbidity and mortality as these subjects reach middle age. We aimed to assess survival and the prevalence of complications in patients with rToF seen in our Adult Congenital Heart Disease (ACHD) service. METHODS: One hundred and sixty-eight consecutive patients with 'simple rToF', aged over 16 years, followed up at our tertiary-level ACHD service in Sydney, Australia since 2000, were included...
2017: Open Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698288/impact-of-forward-stroke-volume-response-on-clinical-and-structural-outcomes-after-percutaneous-mitral-valve-repair-with-mitraclip
#10
Shunsuke Kubo, Mamoo Nakamura, Takahiro Shiota, Yuji Itabashi, Yukiko Mizutani, Yoshifumi Nakajima, Krissada Meemook, Asma Hussaini, Moody Makar, Robert J Siegel, Saibal Kar
BACKGROUND: An increase of systolic forward flow was frequently observed after successful MitraClip implantation in patients with significant mitral regurgitation. However, the impact of systolic forward flow improvement on post-MitraClip outcomes remains unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: Study population included 160 patients who underwent successful MitraClip implantation. The systolic forward flow was noninvasively calculated as the forward stroke volume (FSV) at baseline before the MitraClip procedure and before discharge with pulse-wave Doppler using transthoracic echocardiography...
July 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696874/surgical-options-for-uhl-s-anomaly
#11
Jyoti Prasad Kalita, Nilajan Dutta, Neeraj Awasthy, Kuntal Roy Chowdhuri, Sumir Girotra, Sitaraman Radhakrishnan, Savitri Srivastava, Parvathi Unninayar Iyer, Krishna Subramony Iyer
BACKGROUND: Uhl's anomaly is an extremely rare congenital heart defect characterized by a near total absence of the myocardium of the parietal wall of the right ventricle. Few reports of surgical management exist in literature. We present three patients with this anomaly who were managed with different surgical strategies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patient 1: This 43-month-old girl had maternal rubella syndrome with speech and hearing deficits and gross right heart failure...
July 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696869/feasibility-of-biventricular-repair-in-right-dominant-unbalanced-atrioventricular-septal-defect-a-new-echocardiographic-metric-to-refine-surgical-decision-making
#12
Ignacio Lugones, María Fernanda Biancolini, Julio César Biancolini, Ana M S de Dios, Germán Lugones
BACKGROUND: Unbalanced forms of atrioventricular septal defect continue to be challenging and present poor surgical outcomes. Echocardiographic indicators such as atrioventricular valve index, right ventricle/left ventricle inflow angle, and size of the ventricular septal defect have been identified as relevant discriminators that may guide surgical strategy. Our purpose is to describe another metric to refine surgical decision-making. METHODS: We outline a geometrical description of the anatomic features of atrioventricular septal defect and describe equations that help explain the interplay between the main echocardiographic variables...
July 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684000/management-of-tricuspid-regurgitation-in-patients-with-hypoplastic-left-heart-syndrome
#13
Frank A Pigula, Bret Mettler
Tricuspid valve (TV) performance is critical for palliation of hypoplastic left heart syndrome. We will review current TV repair techniques, outcomes, and novel approaches.
April 2017: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678926/late-results-of-cox-maze-iii-procedure-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-associated-with-structural-heart-disease
#14
Gustavo Gir Gomes, Wagner Luis Gali, Alvaro Valentim Lima Sarabanda, Claudio Ribeiro da Cunha, Iruena Moraes Kessler, Fernando Antibas Atik
Background: Cox-Maze III procedure is one of the surgical techniques used in the surgical treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF). Objectives: To determine late results of Cox-Maze III in terms of maintenance of sinus rhythm, and mortality and stroke rates. Methods: Between January 2006 and January 2013, 93 patients were submitted to the cut-and-sew Cox-Maze III procedure in combination with structural heart disease repair. Heart rhythm was determined by 24-hour Holter monitoring...
June 29, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678148/effects-of-levosimendan-in-patients-with-severe-functional-mitral-regurgitation-undergoing-mitraclip-implantation
#15
Cristina Giannini, Anna S Petronio, Francesca Fiorelli, Riccardo Liga, Paolo Spontoni, Marco De Carlo, Emilia Marraccini, Andrea Pieroni, Fabio Guarracino
AIM: Percutaneous mitral valve repair (PMVR) with a MitraClip device has been recently introduced as a valuable therapy in high surgical risk patients with functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) who are not responding to currently available medical treatments. Our aim was to assess the clinical, functional and prognostic impact of periprocedural levosimendan administration in patients with end-stage heart failure and FMR undergoing PMVR. METHODS: Between December 2009 and August 2016, 94 consecutive high-risk patients with symptomatic FMR who underwent PMVR with the MitraClip System at our center were enrolled in a prospective registry...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676926/the-infant-with-aortic-arch-hypoplasia-and-small-left-heart-structures-echocardiographic-indices-of-mitral-and-aortic-hypoplasia-predicting-successful-biventricular-repair
#16
Jennifer M Plymale, Peter C Frommelt, Melodee Nugent, Pippa Simpson, James S Tweddell, Amanda J Shillingford
In infants with aortic arch hypoplasia and small left-sided cardiac structures, successful biventricular repair is dependent on the adequacy of the left-sided structures. Defining accurate thresholds of echocardiographic indices predictive of successful biventricular repair is paramount to achieving optimal outcomes. We sought to identify pre-operative echocardiographic indices of left heart size that predict intervention-free survival in infants with small left heart structures undergoing primary aortic arch repair to establish biventricular circulation (BVC)...
July 4, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675000/the-mitral-to-aortic-flow-velocity-integral-ratio-in-the-real-world-echocardiographic-evaluation-of-functional-mitral-regurgitation-before-and-after-percutaneous-repair
#17
Giuseppe Palmiero, Luigi Ascione, Carlo Briguori, Guido Carlomagno, Chiara Sordelli, Raffaele Ascione, Francesca Pisacane, Vittorio Monda, Sergio Severino, Pio Caso
INTRODUCTION: Percutaneous mitral valve repair (PMVR) using MitraClip system has emerged as a therapeutic option for patients with functional severe mitral regurgitation (FMR) at prohibitive risk for surgery. In this setting, the echocardiographic assessment of FMR severity is challenging because the traditional echocardiographic methods have important limitations. The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy and reliability of a simple Doppler index, the mitral/aortic flow velocity integral ratio (MAVIR), to evaluate residual FMR severity after PMVR...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673638/effect-of-percutaneous-edge-to-edge-repair-on-mitral-valve-area-and-its-association-with-pulmonary-hypertension-and-outcomes
#18
Hiroto Utsunomiya, Yuji Itabashi, Sayuki Kobayashi, Florian Rader, Asma Hussaini, Moody Makar, Alfredo Trento, Robert J Siegel, Saibal Kar, Takahiro Shiota
Percutaneous edge-to-edge repair using the MitraClip system causes reduction in mitral valve area (MVA). However, its clinical impact is not fully elucidated. This study assessed the impact of postprocedural MVA reduction on pulmonary hypertension and outcomes. A total of 92 patients with grades 3 to 4 + mitral regurgitation (MR) who underwent MitraClip therapy were retrospectively reviewed. Using intraprocedural, 3-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography, postprocedural MVA was obtained by 2 optimized planes through the medial and lateral orifices of the repaired valve...
May 30, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673109/takotsubo-cardiomyopathy-complicating-percutaneous-pulmonary-valve-implantation-in-a-child
#19
Robert Dalla Pozza, Anja Lehner, Sarah Ulrich, Michael Näbauer, Nikolaus A Haas, B Heineking
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy describes a sudden onset cardiomyopathy with acute impairment of left ventricular function and spontaneous resolution over time. Only a few cases of Takotsubo cardiomyopathy in childhood have been described. We report the case of a 12-year-old girl with repaired tetralogy of Fallot who experienced acute onset of left ventricular dysfunction without coronary arterial involvement, suggesting Takotsubo cardiomyopathy, during an interventional catheterization procedure. Cardiogenic shock necessitated mechanical circulatory support with extracorporeal membrane oxygenator for ten days and mechanical ventilation for 12 days...
January 1, 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663365/outcome-after-percutaneous-edge-to-edge-mitral-repair-for-functional-and-degenerative-mitral-regurgitation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Mauro Chiarito, Matteo Pagnesi, Enrico Antonio Martino, Michele Pighi, Andrea Scotti, Giuseppe Biondi-Zoccai, Azeem Latib, Giovanni Landoni, Carlo Di Mario, Alberto Margonato, Francesco Maisano, Ted Feldman, Ottavio Alfieri, Antonio Colombo, Cosmo Godino
OBJECTIVES: Differences in terms of safety and efficacy of percutaneous edge-to-edge mitral repair between patients with functional and degenerative mitral regurgitation (MR) are not well established. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to clarify these differences. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, Google scholar database and international meeting abstracts were searched for all studies about MitraClip. Studies with <25 patients or where 1-year results were not delineated between MR aetiology were excluded...
June 29, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
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