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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738296/mental-distress-quality-of-life-and-social-support-in-recurrent-ovarian-cancer-patients-during-active-chemotherapy
#1
Qiang Wen, Zhuyan Shao, Ping Zhang, Tao Zhu, Dan Li, Shihua Wang
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression are common sources of mental distress experienced by ovarian cancer patients. The purpose of this study was to identify changes in levels of mental distress during active chemotherapy, to characterize the impact of these changes on quality of life (QOL), and to study the potential buffering effect of social support in recurrent ovarian cancer patients. METHODS: Anxiety and depression were assessed at baseline and three months after initiation of active chemotherapy using hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS)...
July 6, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738165/physical-and-mechanical-therapies-for-lower-limb-problems-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#2
Antoni Fellas, Andrea Coda, Fiona Hawke
BACKGROUND: Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) is a chronic, autoimmune, inflammatory joint disease and is the most common arthritis affecting children under 16 years of age. Children with JIA commonly experience lower limb dysfunction and disability. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the effectiveness of physical and mechanical therapies for lower limb problems JIA. METHODS: Randomised control trials (RCT) of physical and mechanical interventions for lower limb problems in children with JIA were included...
July 24, 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738038/nurse-education-and-survivorship-building-the-specialty-through-training-and-program-development%C3%A2
#3
Marcia Grant, Mary McCabe, Denice Economou
BACKGROUND: As the number of cancer survivors in the United States continues to grow, the need to educate healthcare providers in the components of survivorship care remains a challenge in the current healthcare system. Survivors have unique concerns and follow-up requirements that are key to minimizing their risks for recurrence and supporting quality of life.
. OBJECTIVES: This article describes the impact of the curriculum, faculty, and teaching methods for an educational program to prepare nurses to provide cancer survivorship care...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738035/palliative-care-and-phase-1-trials-intervention-to-improve-quality-of-life-and-provide-education%C3%A2
#4
Betty R Ferrell, Vincent Chung, Marianna Koczywas, Anna Cathy Williams, Denise Gallagher, Patricia Fischer, Thomas J Smith
BACKGROUND: Patients in phase 1 clinical trials often have significant symptom burdens and quality-of-life concerns that increase as they progress along the cancer trajectory and experience drug toxicities from the clinical trial. 
. OBJECTIVES: The interdisciplinary intervention described is aimed at providing optimum palliative care to support patients with solid tumors participating in a phase 1 clinical trial.
. METHODS: The intervention includes a baseline evaluation using quantitative surveys, a comprehensive palliative care assessment by a research nurse based on patient baseline evaluation, and a goals-of-care discussion by the treating oncologist...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738029/confronting-compassion-fatigue-assessment-and-intervention-in-inpatient-oncology%C3%A2
#5
Lisa M Zajac, Katherine J Moran, Carla J Groh
BACKGROUND: A notable variation among patient satisfaction scores with nursing care was identified. Contributing factors were examined and revealed significant negative correlations between the unit death rate and surviving patients' satisfaction scores. Compassion fatigue (CF) was hypothesized to be a major contributing factor.
. OBJECTIVES: The objective was to address CF in RNs and oncology care associates (assistive personnel) by developing an intervention to provide bereavement support to staff after patient deaths...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737853/basic-life-support-course-aeds-and-medical-emergency-kits
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Journal—California Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737670/motor-control-training-for-the-shoulder-with-smart-garments
#7
Qi Wang, Liesbet De Baets, Annick Timmermans, Wei Chen, Luca Giacolini, Thomas Matheve, Panos Markopoulos
Wearable technologies for posture monitoring and posture correction are emerging as a way to support and enhance physical therapy treatment, e.g., for motor control training in neurological disorders or for treating musculoskeletal disorders, such as shoulder, neck, or lower back pain. Among the various technological options for posture monitoring, wearable systems offer potential advantages regarding mobility, use in different contexts and sustained tracking in daily life. We describe the design of a smart garment named Zishi to monitor compensatory movements and evaluate its applicability for shoulder motor control training in a clinical setting...
July 22, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737661/toward-establishing-core-outcome-domains-for-trials-in-kidney-transplantation-report-of-the-standardized-outcomes-in-nephrology-kidney-transplantation-consensus-workshops
#8
Allison Tong, John Gill, Klemens Budde, Lorna Marson, Peter P Reese, David Rosenbloom, Lionel Rostaing, Germaine Wong, Michelle A Josephson, Timothy L Pruett, Anthony N Warrens, Jonathan C Craig, Benedicte Sautenet, Nicole Evangelidis, Angelique F Ralph, Camilla S Hanson, Jenny I Shen, Kirsten Howard, Klemens Meyer, Ronald D Perrone, Daniel E Weiner, Samuel Fung, Maggie K M Ma, Caren Rose, Jessica Ryan, Ling-Xin Chen, Martin Howell, Nicholas Larkins, Siah Kim, Sobhana Thangaraju, Angela Ju, Jeremy R Chapman
BACKGROUND: Treatment decisions in kidney transplantation requires patients and clinicians to weigh the benefits and harms of a broad range of medical and surgical interventions, but the heterogeneity and lack of patient-relevant outcomes across trials in transplantation makes these trade-offs uncertain, thus, the need for a core outcome set that reflects stakeholder priorities. METHODS: We convened 2 international Standardized Outcomes in Nephrology-Kidney Transplantation stakeholder consensus workshops in Boston (17 patients/caregivers; 52 health professionals) and Hong Kong (10 patients/caregivers; 45 health professionals)...
August 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737572/european-society-for-paediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition-guidelines-for-the-evaluation-and-treatment-of-gastrointestinal-and-nutritional-complications-in-children-with-neurological-impairment
#9
Claudio Romano, Myriam van Wynckel, Jessie Hulst, Ilse Broekaert, Jiri Bronsky, Luigi Dall'Oglio, Nataša F Mis, Iva Hojsak, Rok Orel, Alexandra Papadopoulou, Michela Schaeppi, Nikhil Thapar, Michael Wilschanski, Peter Sullivan, Frédéric Gottrand
OBJECTIVES: Feeding difficulties are frequent in children with neurological impairments and can be associated with undernutrition, growth failure, micronutrients deficiencies, osteopenia, and nutritional comorbidities. Gastrointestinal problems including gastroesophageal reflux disease, constipation, and dysphagia are also frequent in this population and affect quality of life and nutritional status. There is currently a lack of a systematic approach to the care of these patients. With this report, European Society of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition aims to develop uniform guidelines for the management of the gastroenterological and nutritional problems in children with neurological impairment...
August 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737571/breast-feeding-and-infant-hospitalization-for-infections-large-cohort-and-sibling-analysis
#10
Ketil Størdal, Karen M Lundeby, Anne L Brantsæter, Margaretha Haugen, Britt Nakstad, Nicolai A Lund-Blix, Lars C Stene
OBJECTIVES: Breast-feeding may protect against infections, but its optimal duration remains controversial. We aimed to study the association of the duration of full and any breast-feeding with infections the first 18 months of life. METHODS: The Norwegian Mother and Child study (MoBa) is a prospective birth cohort which recruited expecting mothers giving birth from 2000 to 2009. We analyzed data from the full cohort (n = 70,511) and sibling sets (n = 21,220) with parental report of breast-feeding and infections...
August 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737484/the-effect-of-fiber-and-prebiotics-on-children-s-gastrointestinal-disorders-and-microbiome
#11
Carrie A M Wegh, Margriet H C Schoterman, Elaine E Vaughan, Clara Belzer, Marc A Benninga
The bacteria received upon birth are the start of colonization of the approximately 10(14) bacteria that are present in the mature human gastrointestinal tract, better known as the microbiota. The gut microbiota is implicated in gastrointestinal health, nutrient metabolism and benefits such as prevention of infection. Dietary fiber, including prebiotics, escape digestion in the small intestine and reach the colon intact, where they are partially or completely fermented by the gut microbiota. Areas covered: The possible interactions between dietary fiber, prebiotics and microbiota are discussed as well as how this relates to functional gastrointestinal disorders...
July 24, 2017: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737312/life-after-the-event-a-review-of-basic-life-support-training-for-parents-following-apparent-life-threatening-events-and-their-experience-and-practices-following-discharge
#12
W L Macken, N Clarke, M Nadeem, D Coghlan
Apparent Life-Threatening Events (ALTEs) are a common presentation to paediatric hospitals and represent a significant cause of parental anxiety. Basic Life Support (BLS) training is recommended for all caregivers following ALTEs. This study aimed to assess the rate of caregiver BLS training and reviewed parents experience following discharge. Parents were interviewed by phone following discharge. Over the study period 25 children attended the Emergency Department with ALTE, 17/25 (68%) were trained and 13/17 (76%) were contactable for interview...
May 10, 2017: Irish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737117/prevalence-and-correlates-of-traumatic-brain-injury-tbi-in-older-adults-results-from-the-well-being-of-the-singapore-elderly-wise-study
#13
Laxman Cetty, Edimansyah Abdin, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Anitha Jeyagurunathan, Boon Yiang Chua, Louisa Picco, Martin Prince, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: Older adults are among the most susceptible to sustain traumatic brain injury (TBI). The study aimed to determine the (1) prevalence of TBI among older adults in Singapore, and (2) socio-demographic, lifestyle, and clinical correlates of TBI. METHODS: Data were extracted from the cross-sectional, Well-being of the Singapore Elderly (WiSE) study. The study included 2,565 participants aged 60 years and above (Mean = 72.75, SD = 9.54). Information on TBI, socio-demographic, and lifestyle factors were collected using participant self-report and verified with the informant report where necessary...
July 24, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736789/spiritual-distress-and-spiritual-care-in-advanced-heart-failure
#14
REVIEW
Ronald Gillilan, Sameena Qawi, Audrey J Weymiller, Christina Puchalski
As patients face serious and chronic illness, they are confronted with the realities of dying. Spiritual and existential issues are particularly prominent near the end of life and can result in significant distress. It is critical that healthcare professionals know how to address patients' and families' spiritual concerns, diagnose spiritual distress and attend to the deep suffering of patients in a way that can result in a better quality of life for patients and families. Tools such as the FICA spiritual history tool help clinicians invite patients and families to share their spiritual or existential concerns as well as sources of hope and meaning which can help them cope better with their illness...
July 24, 2017: Heart Failure Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736684/multimodality-imaging-approaches-for-evaluating-traumatic-extremity-injuries-implications-for-military-medicine
#15
REVIEW
Mitchel R Stacy, Christopher L Dearth
Significance: Military service members are susceptible to traumatic extremity injuries that often result in limb loss. Tremendous efforts have been made to improve medical treatment that supports residual limb function and health. Despite recent improvements in treatment and novel prosthetic devices, many patients experience a wide range of clinical problems within residual limbs that can negatively impact the progress of rehabilitation programs while also impairing functional capacity and overall quality of life...
July 1, 2017: Advances in Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736580/supportive-and-non-supportive-interactions-in-families-with-a-type-2-diabetes-patient-an-integrative-review
#16
REVIEW
Birgitte B Bennich, Michael E Røder, Dorthe Overgaard, Ingrid Egerod, Lene Munch, Filip K Knop, Tina Vilsbøll, Hanne Konradsen
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes and its management affect the patient and the close family potentially causing either psychological distress or increased sense of responsibility and collaboration in these families. Interactions between patient and family play an important role in maintaining lifestyle changes and diabetes self-management. The purpose of this integrative review was to summarise and assess published studies on the intra-family perspective of supportive and non-supportive interactions in families with a type 2 diabetes patient...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736506/national-disability-adjusted-life-years-dalys-for-257-diseases-and-injuries-in-ethiopia-1990-2015-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#17
Awoke Misganaw, Yohannes Adama Melaku, Gizachew Assefa Tessema, Amare Deribew, Kebede Deribe, Semaw Ferede Abera, Muluken Dessalegn, Yihunie Lakew, Tolesa Bekele, Tilahun N Haregu, Azmeraw T Amare, Molla Gedefaw, Mesoud Mohammed, Biruck Desalegn Yirsaw, Solomon Abrha Damtew, Tom Achoki, Jed Blore, Kristopher J Krohn, Yibeltal Assefa, Mahlet Kifle, Mohsen Naghavi
BACKGROUND: Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) provide a summary measure of health and can be a critical input to guide health systems, investments, and priority-setting in Ethiopia. We aimed to determine the leading causes of premature mortality and disability using DALYs and describe the relative burden of disease and injuries in Ethiopia. METHODS: We used results from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 (GBD 2015) for non-fatal disease burden, cause-specific mortality, and all-cause mortality to derive age-standardized DALYs by sex for Ethiopia for each year...
2017: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736503/-do-you-see-what-i-mean-staff-collaboration-in-eating-disorder-units-during-mealtimes
#18
Trine Wiig Hage, Øyvind Rø, Anne Moen
BACKGROUND: Eating disorders are psychiatric illnesses with potentially life-threatening consequences. Inpatient treatment is typically required for the most severely ill patients, who are often emaciated or significantly malnourished. A core therapeutic objective is to normalize eating patterns and facilitate weight gain. These goals guide the efforts of milieu therapeutic staff working with this patient group, who support renourishment through the positive manipulation of a structured environment, as well via relational aspects...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736483/predicting-romantic-interest-at-zero-acquaintance-evidence-of-sex-differences-in-trait-perception-but-not-in-predictors-of-interest
#19
Sally G Olderbak, Frederic Malter, Pedro Sofio Abril Wolf, Daniel N Jones, Aurelio José Figueredo
We evaluated five competing hypotheses about what predicts romantic interest. Through a half-block quasi-experimental design, a large sample of young adults (i.e., responders; n = 335) viewed videos of opposite-sex persons (i.e., targets) talking about themselves and responders rated the targets' traits and their romantic interest in the target. We tested whether similarity, dissimilarity, or overall trait levels on mate value, physical attractiveness, life history strategy, and the Big-Five personality factors predicted romantic interest at zero acquaintance, and whether sex acted as a moderator...
January 2017: European Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736394/changing-forms-of-hiv-related-stigma-along-the-hiv-care-and-treatment-continuum-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-temporal-analysis
#20
O Bonnington, J Wamoyi, W Ddaaki, D Bukenya, K Ondenge, M Skovdal, J Renju, M Moshabela, A Wringe
OBJECTIVES: Stigma remains pervasive for people living with HIV (PLHIV) in sub-Saharan Africa, undermining care engagement. Using everyday, biographical and epochal temporalities, we explored the manifestation of stigma at different stages of the HIV care continuum in seven health and demographic surveillance sites in Eastern and Southern Africa. METHODS: Between 2015 and 2016, we conducted qualitative in-depth interviews with 264 PLHIV, 54 health providers and 48 family members of people who had died from HIV...
July 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
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