keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Life support

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088111/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-generalized-anxiety-disorder-screener-gad-7-based-on-a-large-german-general-population-sample
#1
Andreas Hinz, Annette M Klein, Elmar Brähler, Heide Glaesmer, Tobias Luck, Steffi G Riedel-Heller, Kerstin Wirkner, Anja Hilbert
BACKGROUND: The Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scales GAD-7 and GAD-2 are instruments for the assessment of anxiety. The aims of this study are to test psychometric properties of these questionnaires, to provide normative values, and to investigate associations with sociodemographic factors, quality of life, psychological variables, and behavioral factors. METHODS: A German community sample (n=9721) with an age range of 18-80 years was surveyed using the GAD-7 and several other questionnaires...
December 18, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088052/positive-and-negative-life-events-and-reasons-for-living-modulate-suicidal-ideation-in-a-sample-of-patients-with-history-of-suicide-attempts
#2
Camélia Laglaoui Bakhiyi, Isabelle Jaussent, Séverine Beziat, Renaud Cohen, Catherine Genty, Jean-Pierre Kahn, Marion Leboyer, Pascal Le Vaou, Sébastien Guillaume, Philippe Courtet
BACKGROUND: The influence of life events on suicidal behavior remains inconclusive, while reasons for living (RFL) may be protective. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the association between positive and negative life events and suicidal ideation (SI) and the interaction between life events and RFL on SI. METHOD: Patients with history of suicide attempts (n = 338) underwent a comprehensive clinical evaluation, including SI (Beck's Suicidal Ideation scale), RFL (Reasons for Living Inventory, RFLI) and life events (family, school, student or professional, social, health and religion-related and other life events) during the last twelve months...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087960/retention-of-knowledge-following-training-of-students-in-basic-trauma-life-support
#3
K G Lim, S K Lum, I A S Burud
INTRODUCTION: In the course of their undergraduate training at the International Medical University, students receive a Basic Trauma Life Support course. OBJECTIVE: We wanted to test the long-term retention of knowledge (after 16 months) of third year medical students who had received training in Basic Trauma Life Support Method: To assess the retention of knowledge one cohort of students who received the training course were tested again 16 months later using the same 30 question One Best Answer quiz...
December 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087834/environmental-deflection-the-impact-of-toxicant-exposures-on-the-aging-epigenome
#4
Joseph Kochmanski, Luke Montrose, Jaclyn M Goodrich, Dana C Dolinoy
Epigenetic drift and age-related methylation have both been used in the literature to describe changes in DNA methylation that occurs with aging. However, ambiguity remains regarding the exact definition of both of these terms, and neither of these fields of study explicitly considers the impact of environmental factors on the aging epigenome. Recent twin studies have demonstrated longitudinal, pair-specific discordance in DNA methylation patterns, suggesting an effect of the environment on age-related methylation and/or epigenetic drift...
January 13, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087821/selection-of-first-line-therapy-in-multiple-sclerosis-using-risk-benefit-decision-analysis
#5
David Bargiela, Matthew T Bianchi, M Brandon Westover, Lori B Chibnik, Brian C Healy, Philip L De Jager, Zongqi Xia
OBJECTIVE: To integrate long-term measures of disease-modifying drug efficacy and risk to guide selection of first-line treatment of multiple sclerosis. METHODS: We created a Markov decision model to evaluate disability worsening and progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) risk in patients receiving natalizumab (NTZ), fingolimod (FGL), or glatiramer acetate (GA) over 30 years. Leveraging publicly available data, we integrated treatment utility, disability worsening, and risk of PML into quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs)...
January 13, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087794/bouncing-back-resilience-and-mastery-among-hiv-positive-older-gay-and-bisexual-men
#6
Charles A Emlet, Chengshi Shiu, Hyun-Jun Kim, Karen Fredriksen-Goldsen
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Adults with HIV infection are living into old age. It is critical we investigate positive constructs such as resilience and mastery to determine factors associated with psychological well-being. We examine HIV-related factors, adverse conditions, and psychosocial characteristics that are associated with resilience (the ability to bounce back) and mastery (sense of self-efficacy). DESIGN AND METHODS: We analyzed 2014 data from the longitudinal study Aging with Pride: National Health, Aging, and Sexuality/Gender Study (NHAS), focusing on a subsample of 335 gay and bisexual older men...
February 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087793/race-ethnicity-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-lgbt-older-adults
#7
Hyun-Jun Kim, Sarah Jen, Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Few existing studies have addressed racial/ethnic differences in the health and quality of life of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) older adults. Guided by the Health Equity Promotion Model, this study examines health-promoting and health risk factors that contribute to racial/ethnic health disparities among LGBT adults aged 50 and older. DESIGN AND METHODS: We utilized weighted survey data from Aging with Pride: National Health, Aging, and Sexuality/Gender Study...
February 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087763/circadian-kinetics-of-cell-cycle-progression-in-adult-neurogenic-niches-of-a-diurnal-vertebrate
#8
Veronica Akle, Alexander J Stankiewicz, Vasili Kharchenko, Lili Yu, Peter V Kharchenko, Irina V Zhdanova
: The circadian system may regulate adult neurogenesis via intracellular molecular clock mechanisms or by modifying the environment of neurogenic niches, with daily variation in growth factors or nutrients depending on the animal's diurnal or nocturnal life-style. In a diurnal vertebrate, zebrafish, we studied circadian distribution of immunohistochemical markers of the cell division cycle (CDC) in five of the sixteen neurogenic niches of adult brain, the dorsal telencephalon, habenula, preoptic area, hypothalamus and cerebellum...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087544/children-s-experiences-of-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-myalgic-encephalomyelitis-cfs-me-a-systematic-review-and-meta-ethnography-of-qualitative-studies
#9
Roxanne M Parslow, Sarah Harris, Jessica Broughton, Adla Alattas, Esther Crawley, Kirstie Haywood, Alison Shaw
OBJECTIVE: To synthesis the qualitative studies of children's experiences of chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME). DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-ethnography. BACKGROUND: CFS/ME is an important disabling illness, with uncertain cause and prognosis. As a result, children with CFS/ME can find themselves living with greater uncertainty and stigma, exacerbating the impact of the condition. There is a growing body of qualitative research in CFS/ME, yet there has been no attempt to systematically synthesis the studies involving children...
January 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087467/positive-childhood-experiences-and-ideal-cardiovascular-health-in-midlife-associations-and-mediators
#10
Natalie Slopen, Ying Chen, Jennifer L Guida, Michelle A Albert, David R Williams
In 2010, the American Heart Association introduced a new conceptual framework to encourage a focus on primary prevention and provided a definition for "ideal cardiovascular health". In this study we examined the relationship between positive childhood experience and ideal cardiovascular health in mid-life, and the extent to which education, depression, and social support mediate this association. Data are from participants in the Midlife and Aging in the United States study who completed a clinic-based assessment of health (N=1255, aged 34-84years, 2004-2005)...
January 10, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087270/examining-the-reliability-and-validity-of-the-clinical-assessment-interview-for-negative-symptoms-within-the-management-of-schizophrenia-in-clinical-practice-mosaic-multisite-national-study
#11
Jack J Blanchard, Kristen R Bradshaw, Cristina P Garcia, Henry A Nasrallah, Philip D Harvey, Daniel Casey, Csilla T Csoboth, James I Hudson, Laura Julian, Ellen Lentz, Keith H Nuechterlein, Diana O Perkins, Tracey G Skale, Lonnie R Snowden, Rajiv Tandon, Cenk Tek, Dawn Velligan, Sophia Vinogradov, Cedric O'Gorman
The current study sought to expand on prior reports of the validity and reliability of the CAINS (CAINS) by examining its performance across diverse non-academic clinical settings as employed by raters not affiliated with the scale's developers and across a longer test-retest follow-up period. The properties of the CAINS were examined within the Management of Schizophrenia in Clinical Practice (MOSAIC) schizophrenia registry. A total of 501 participants with a schizophrenia spectrum diagnosis who were receiving usual care were recruited across 15 national Patient Assessment Centers and evaluated with the CAINS, other negative symptom measures, and assessments of functioning, quality of life and cognition...
January 11, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087231/psychosocial-outcome-in-adult-men-born-with-hypospadias
#12
L Örtqvist, M Andersson, A Strandqvist, A Nordenström, L Frisén, G Holmdahl, A Nordenskjöld
INTRODUCTION: Hypospadias, which is a surgically treated congenital malformation of the male urethra, may have a negative impact on quality of life. This aspect has previously been subject to limited research. This study examined the long-term psychosocial outcome of a large cohort of adult males born with hypospadias. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this case-control study was to assess a possible negative influence on the psychosocial outcome in adult males with hypospadias...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087202/family-adaptation-to-cerebral-palsy-in-adolescents-a-european-multicenter-study
#13
Audrey Guyard, Susan I Michelsen, Catherine Arnaud, Jerome Fauconnier
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Factors promoting family adaptation to child's disability are poorly studied together. The aim of the study was to describe the family adaptation to disability and to identify determinants associated with using a global theoretical model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 286 families of teenagers [13-17 years] with cerebral palsy (CP) from 4 European disability registers were included and visited at home. Face to face interviews were performed in order to measure parental distress, perceived impact in various dimensions of family life, family resources and stressors...
January 10, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087198/cloning-characterization-and-transmission-blocking-potential-of-midgut-carboxypeptidase-a-in-anopheles-stephensi
#14
V VenkatRao, Surendra K Kumar, P Sridevi, Vijaykumar Muley, R K Chaitanya
Transmission-blocking vaccines (TBV) interrupt malaria parasite transmission and hence form an important component for malaria eradication. Mosquito midgut exopeptidases such as aminopeptidase N & carboxypeptidase B have demonstrated TBV potential. In the present study, we cloned and characterized carboxypeptidase A (CPA) from the midgut of an important malarial vector, Anopheles stephensi. ClustalW amino acid alignment and in silico 3-dimensional structure analysis of CPA predicted the presence of active sites involved in zinc and substrate binding that are conserved among all the known mosquito species...
January 10, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087173/at-the-heart-of-the-problem-a-person-centred-developmental-perspective-on-the-link-between-alcohol-consumption-and-cardio-vascular-events
#15
Valéria Lima Passos, Sven Klijn, Kevin van Zandvoort, Latifa Abidi, Paul Lemmens
INTRODUCTION: The cardio-protective effect of alcohol has been the subject of a long-standing scientific controversy. Emerging evidence remains equivocal, as the validity of the dose-dependent J-shape association is tainted by conceptual, theoretical and methodological problems. A major impediment for a resolution on the matter is the lack of a life-long developmental approach to pinpoint alcohol's specific impact on the risk for cardio-vascular events (CVE). OBJECTIVE: Using retrospective and prospective individual-level data of alcohol consumption (AC) we applied a model-based clustering technique to uncover life-course trajectories of AC and explored their links to CVE...
December 21, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087156/french-national-consensus-clinical-guidelines-for-the-management-of-crohn-s-disease
#16
Laurent Peyrin-Biroulet, Yoram Bouhnik, Xavier Roblin, Guillaume Bonnaud, Hervé Hagège, Xavier Hébuterne
BACKGROUND: Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic and disabling condition. There is no curative medical treatment but current treatments provide increasingly sustainable control of the disease and allow patients a better quality of life. There is limited evidence supporting CD management in specific clinical situations, thus precluding an evidence-based approach. AIMS: To help clinicians in making informed treatment decisions, a group of 59 French gastroenterologists with experience in the management of CD met to develop straightforward and practical algorithms based on the European Crohn's and Colitis Organisation (ECCO) recommendations...
December 22, 2016: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086972/fatal-anaphylaxis-registries-data-support-changes-in-the-who-anaphylaxis-mortality-coding-rules
#17
REVIEW
Luciana Kase Tanno, F Estelle R Simons, Isabella Annesi-Maesano, Moises A Calderon, Ségolène Aymé, Pascal Demoly
Anaphylaxis is defined as a severe life-threatening generalized or systemic hypersensitivity reaction. The difficulty of coding anaphylaxis fatalities under the World Health Organization (WHO) International Classification of Diseases (ICD) system is recognized as an important reason for under-notification of anaphylaxis deaths. On current death certificates, a limited number of ICD codes are valid as underlying causes of death, and death certificates do not include the word anaphylaxis per se. In this review, we provide evidences supporting the need for changes in WHO mortality coding rules and call for addition of anaphylaxis as an underlying cause of death on international death certificates...
January 13, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086861/managing-shades-of-grey-a-focus-group-study-exploring-community-dwellers-views-on-advance-care-planning-in-older-people
#18
Natasha Michael, Clare O'Callaghan, Emma Sayers
BACKGROUND: Community-dwelling consumers of healthcare are increasing, many aging with life-limiting conditions and deteriorating cognition. However, few have had advance care planning discussions or completed documentation to ensure future care preferences are acted upon. This study examines the awareness, attitudes, and experiences of advance care planning amongst older people and unrelated offspring/caregivers of older people residing in the community. METHODS: Qualitative descriptive research, which included focus groups with older people (55+ years) and older people's offspring/caregivers living in an Australian city and surrounding rural region...
January 13, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086836/an-internet-based-self-help-intervention-for-older-adults-after-marital-bereavement-separation-or-divorce-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Jeannette Brodbeck, Thomas Berger, Hans Joerg Znoj
BACKGROUND: Marital bereavement and separation or divorce are among the most stressful critical life events in later life. These events require a dissolution of social and emotional ties, adjustments in daily routine and changes in identity and perspectives for the future. After a normative grief or distress reaction, most individuals cope well with the loss. However, some develop a prolonged grief reaction. Internet-based self-help interventions have proved beneficial for a broad range of disorders, including complicated grief...
January 13, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081552/demographic-and-psychological-correlates-of-new-zealanders-support-for-euthanasia
#20
Carol Hj Lee, Isabelle M Duck, Chris G Sibley
AIMS: To explore the distribution of New Zealanders' support towards the legalisation of euthanasia and examine demographic and psychological factors associated with these attitudes. METHODS: 15,822 participants responded to the 2014/15 New Zealand Attitudes and Values Study (NZAVS) survey. This survey included an item on people's attitudes towards euthanasia, and information on their demographic and psychological characteristics. RESULTS: The majority of New Zealanders expressed support for euthanasia, which was assessed by asking "Suppose a person has a painful incurable disease...
January 13, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
keyword
keyword
7829
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"