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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340450/health-promotion-and-psychological-interventions-for-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors-a-systematic-literature-review
#1
REVIEW
Natalie Katrina Bradford, Raymond Javan Chan
BACKGROUND: The effects of cancer and treatment have severe and long lasting negative impacts on quality of life. Adolescents and Young Adults (AYA) have high survival rates but may not reach their full life potential because of these consequences. This review aims to identify, appraise and synthesise the effects of health promotion and psychological interventions for AYA after cancer treatment. METHODS: The review was undertaken using the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses guidelines...
March 6, 2017: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340001/early-life-origin-of-intestinal-inflammatory-disorders
#2
Delphine Ley, Jean-Luc Desseyn, Mona Mischke, Jan Knol, Dominique Turck, Frédéric Gottrand
A growing body of evidence supports the concept of perinatal programming through which the perinatal environment affects the development of the fetus and infant, thereby modifying the risk profile for disease later in life. Increasing attention is focusing on the role of the early environment in the development of chronic intestinal disorders. Epidemiological studies have highlighted the link between perinatal factors, such as breastfeeding, cesarean delivery, and antibiotic use, and an increased risk for inflammatory bowel disease and/or celiac disease...
March 7, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339972/factors-associated-with-sickness-absence-among-employees-with-chronic-conditions
#3
L Meng, K T Robinson, M L Smith
Background: The growing prevalence of chronic conditions in the ageing workforce has been shown to have a negative impact in terms of optimal work performance and quality of life. It is therefore important to understand the factors associated with sickness absence due to health problems. Aims: To examine the socio-demographics, health status indicators, barriers to self-care and social support associated with working adults missing work because of chronic conditions...
March 8, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339839/recent-advances-in-understanding-pelvic-floor-tissue-of-women-with-and-without-pelvic-organ-prolapse-considerations-for-physical-therapists
#4
Kimberly Saunders
Pelvic organ prolapse is a fairly common condition that imposes significant symptoms, diminished quality of life, social burden, financial expense, and surgical risk on women. As evidence supporting the benefit of pelvic floor muscle training in non-surgical management of pelvic organ prolapse grows, physical therapists are becoming a provider of choice interacting with women affected by pelvic organ prolapse. This perspective will review recent research on tissue characteristics of three key components of pelvic organ support: skeletal muscle, ligament, and the vaginal wall...
February 28, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339523/factors-affecting-the-quality-of-life-of-chronic-dialysis-patients
#5
Beata Jankowska-Polanska, Izabella Uchmanowicz, Agata Wysocka, Bartosz Uchmanowicz, Katarzyna Lomper, Andrzej M Fal
: Patients on hemodialysis must adjust their life plans to the treatment. They are aware of losing their health and independence. Therefore, acceptance of illness (AI) is important and allows the patient to adjust to new situation and alleviates negative emotions The aim of study was to assess the impact of AI and other socioclinical variables on hemodialysis patients' quality of life (QoL).The study included 100 patients aged 20-85 (M = 57), treated with hemodialysis for at least 2 years. Two validated instruments were used: the Acceptance of Illness Scale (AIS) and the World Health Organization Quality of Life questionnaire...
October 19, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339501/mapping-global-biodiversity-connections-with-dna-barcodes-lepidoptera-of-pakistan
#6
Muhammad Ashfaq, Saleem Akhtar, Muhammad Athar Rafi, Shahid Mansoor, Paul D N Hebert
Sequences from the DNA barcode region of the mitochondrial COI gene are an effective tool for specimen identification and for the discovery of new species. The Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) (www.boldsystems.org) currently hosts 4.5 million records from animals which have been assigned to more than 490,000 different Barcode Index Numbers (BINs), which serve as a proxy for species. Because a fourth of these BINs derive from Lepidoptera, BOLD has a strong capability to both identify specimens in this order and to support studies of faunal overlap...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339462/safety-of-a-topical-insect-repellent-picaridin-during-community-mass-use-for-malaria-control-in-rural-cambodia
#7
Somony Heng, Vincent Sluydts, Lies Durnez, Vanna Mean, Koh Polo, Sochantha Tho, Marc Coosemans, Johan van Griensven
BACKGROUND: While community distribution of topical repellents has been proposed as an additional malaria control intervention, the safety of this intervention at the population level remains poorly evaluated. We describe the safety of mass distribution of the picaridin repellent during a cluster-randomised trial in rural Cambodia in 2012-2013. METHODS: The repellent was distributed among 57 intervention villages with around 25,000 inhabitants by a team of village distributors...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339432/bipolar-versus-unipolar-intraarticular-pulsed-radiofrequency-thermocoagulation-in-chronic-knee-pain-treatment-a-prospective-randomized-trial
#8
Ersel Gulec, Hayri Ozbek, Sinan Pektas, Geylan Isik
BACKGROUND: Chronic knee pain is a major widespread problem causing significant impairment of daily function. Pulsed radiofrequency has been shown to reduce severe chronic joint pain as a non-pharmacological and less invasive treatment method. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to compare the effectiveness of unipolar and bipolar intraarticular pulsed radiofrequency methods in chronic knee pain control. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, double-blind study...
March 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339416/improving-vocational-outcomes-in-first-episode-psychosis-by-addressing-cognitive-impairments-using-cognitive-adaptation-training
#9
Kelly A Allott, Eoin Killackey, Pamela Sun, Warrick J Brewer, Dawn I Velligan
BACKGROUND: Cognitive Adaptation Training (CAT) uses compensatory strategies and environmental supports to support cognitive impairments and improve functioning. CAT may be useful for addressing vocational recovery in first-episode psychosis (FEP) because cognitive impairments are common and vocational recovery is a key goal of young people with FEP. OBJECTIVE: To describe clinical observations and practice experience when delivering CAT with FEP clients and explore potential benefits via objective outcome measures for improving vocational outcomes...
March 23, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339342/change-in-body-weight-from-age-20-years-is-a-powerful-determinant-of-the-metabolic-syndrome
#10
Lars Lind, Sölve Elmståhl, Johan Ärnlöv
BACKGROUND: Higher body weight is a well-known determinant of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components. It is however less well studied how the change in weight from age 20 years to middle age or old age affects MetS development. METHODS: In the community-based EpiHealth (n = 19,000, age range 45 to 75 years, 56% females) and PIVUS (n = 1000, all aged 70 years, 50% females) studies, the participants were asked about their body weight at age 20 years...
April 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339320/basic-life-support-access-to-injectable-epinephrine-across-the-united-states
#11
Ian D Brasted, Michael W Dailey
BACKGROUND:  Aggressive epinephrine administration has growing support in the treatment of anaphylaxis, a life-threatening allergic reaction. Emergency Medical Services (EMS) providers are frequently in a position to provide the first care to someone experiencing an anaphylactic reaction. Intramuscular injection of epinephrine is the definitive pharmacologic treatment for many associated symptoms. While easy to use, epinephrine autoinjectors (EAI) are prohibitively expensive, having increased in price ten-fold in ten years...
March 24, 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339313/palliative-care-in-surgery-defining-the-research-priorities
#12
Elizabeth J Lilley, Zara Cooper, Margaret L Schwarze, Anne C Mosenthal
Given the acute and often life-limiting nature of surgical illness, as well as the potential for treatment to induce further suffering, surgical patients have considerable palliative care needs. Yet, these patients are less likely to receive palliative care than their medical counterparts and palliative care consultations often occur when death is imminent, reflecting poor quality end-of-life care. Surgical patients would likely benefit from early palliative care delivered alongside surgical treatment to promote goal-concordant decision making and to improve patients' physical, emotional, social, and spiritual well-being and quality of life...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339293/the-context-of-sexual-decisions-and-intrapersonal-and-interpersonal-factors-related-to-sexual-initiation-among-female-military-dependent-youth
#13
Belinda F Hernandez, Melissa F Peskin, Christine M Markham, Jean Burr, Timothy Roberts, Susan Tortolero Emery
Despite the sizable population of military-dependent youth (MDY) in the United States and the military stressors they experience (e.g., relocations, parental deployment), little is known about MDY's sexual behavior, especially about the perceived role that military stressors play in their sexual decisions, such as the decision to initiate sex. We conducted 25 semistructured, in-depth interviews with sexually experienced female MDY aged 15 to 19 years to (a) describe MDY's general perceptions of military life and (b) identify intrapersonal and interpersonal characteristics related to MDY's sexual initiation, including the perceived impact of military stressors...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338981/continuity-and-changes-in-three-types-of-caregiving-and-the-risk-of-depression-in-later-life-a-2-year-prospective-study
#14
Huiying Liu, Wei Qun Vivian Lou
Objective: previous studies have well documented the psychological consequences of family caregiving but less is known about the heterogeneity of older carers being affected during different temporal phases of caregiving over time. This study aimed to prospectively examine the impact of continuity and changes in grandchild care, parent care and spouse care on older carers' depressive symptoms 2 years later. Methods: the analytic sample contained 2,398 urban seniors who completed interviews for both the 2011 and 2013 waves of the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study...
March 10, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338969/the-cascade-of-stress-a-network-approach-to-explore-differential-dynamics-in-populations-varying-in-risk-for-psychosis
#15
Annelie Klippel, Wolfgang Viechtbauer, Ulrich Reininghaus, Johanna Wigman, Claudia van Borkulo, Inez Myin-Germeys, Marieke Wichers
Stress plays a central role in the development and persistence of psychosis. Network analysis may help to reveal mechanisms at the level of the micro-dynamic effects between stress, other daily experiences and symptomatology. This is the first study to examine time-lagged networks of the relations between minor daily stress, momentary affect/thoughts, psychotic experiences, and other potentially relevant daily life contexts in individuals varying in risk for psychosis. Intensive longitudinal data were obtained through 6 studies...
March 17, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338936/establishment-of-a-human-hepatocellular-cell-line-capable-of-maintaining-long-term-replication-of-hepatitis-b-virus
#16
Wan-Ling Yao, Sotaro Ikeda, Yuta Tsukamoto, Keiko Shindo, Yukie Otakaki, Main Qin, Yoshikazu Iwasawa, Fumihiko Takeuchi, Yuki Kaname, Yu-Chi Chou, Chungming Chang, Koichi Watashi, Takaji Wakita, Takeshi Noda, Hiroki Kato, Takashi Fujita
Hepatitis B virus is a virus whose replication cycle cannot be completely reproduced using cultured cell lines. Here, we report an engineered cell line capable of supporting the complete HBV life cycle. We generated HepG2 cells overexpressing HBV entry receptor human NTCP, and defective in RIG-I-like receptor signaling, by knocking down the IPS-1 adaptor molecule. The resultant NtG20.i7 cells were susceptible to HBV, and its replication was detectable at 14 days post-infection and persisted for at least 35 days with a gradual increase of HBc expression...
March 11, 2017: International Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338857/invited-commentary-explaining-the-relationship-between-attending-worship-services-and-mortality-a-brief-excursion-into-the-contribution-of-social-relationships-in-religious-institutions
#17
Neal Krause
In this issue of the Journal, VanderWeele et al. (Am J Epidemiol. 2017;000(00):000-000) report that more frequent attendance at worship services is associated with a lower mortality risk. However, the underlying processes that might explain this relationship were not discussed fully. A problem arises because the potentially beneficial association between attending worship services and mortality risk may be due to a number of different factors. At least part of the explanation may be found by turning to social relationships that arise in religious institutions...
March 3, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338532/is-severe-hypercalcemia-immediately-life-threatening
#18
Camille Guimard, Eric Batard, Frédéric Lavainne, David Trewick
OBJECTIVE: Severe hypercalcemia is often considered an emergency because of a potential risk of cardiac arrest or coma. However, there is little evidence to support this. The aim of our study was to assess whether severe hypercalcemia (Ca>4 mmol/l or 16 mg/dl) was associated with immediately life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias or neurological complications in patients admitted to the Emergency Department (ED). METHODS: A retrospective observational study was carried out over a 5-year period (2008-2012)...
March 23, 2017: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338480/the-challenges-in-predicting-ecmo-survival-and-a-path-forward
#19
Marco Huesch, Christopher Brehm
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support is a life-saving but complex technique for patients suffering from severe cardiac and/or pulmonary dysfunction. Increasingly greater utilization in the last 15 years means that a suite of mortality risk analytics is both feasible for researchers and required by clinicians, patients, administrators and insurers. We argue that to date, research into such risk analytics has been insufficient and does not adequately reflect the various indications and configurations of ECLS...
March 22, 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338209/bridging-the-dialectic-diversity-psychological-sense-of-community-and-inclusion
#20
Anne E Brodsky
Although, there are many times when P/SOC and diversity appear in opposition, I argue that this conflict is not inherent to the concepts or their joint value, but to social contexts in which they are enacted in real life. The primary values of community psychology-building and supporting positive communities, social change, and social justice within a framework that recognizes the centrality of diversity, culture, inclusion, power, and privilege-actually bind diversity and community together. Thus, we can bridge this seeming dialectic through deeper reflection about the real and intended meaning, operationalization, and application of these two terms, and a reliance on the central values of our field...
March 24, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
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