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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764317/generatehope-a-comprehensive-treatment-model-for-sex-trafficked-women
#1
Susan Munsey, Heather E Miller, Terence Rugg
GenerateHope (GH) is a San Diego-based 501c3 nonprofit organization providing fully integrated, comprehensive rehabilitation services to adult female survivors of sex trafficking. While best practices for working with survivors of sex trafficking are slowly emerging, to date, there have been few publications on this subject and little data on either short- or long-term outcomes from the many and varied programs nationwide. This paper examines the GH residential program and provides early outcome results for residents living at the GH program between six and 12 months...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745697/-great-aspirations-the-postwar-american-college-counseling-center-correction-to-mccarthy-2014
#2
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Great aspirations: The postwar American college counseling center" by Tom McCarthy ( History of Psychology , 2014[Feb], Vol 17[1], 1-18). In the article, the copyright attribution was incorrect. The copyright is "In the public domain". The online version of this article has been corrected. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2014-04967-001.) In the decade after World War II, psychologists, eager to bring the benefits of counseling to larger numbers, convinced hundreds of American colleges and universities to establish counseling centers...
May 2018: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740361/-gold-standards-plurality-and-monocultures-the-need-for-diversity-in-psychotherapy
#3
Falk Leichsenring, Allan Abbass, Mark J Hilsenroth, Patrick Luyten, Thomas Munder, Sven Rabung, Christiane Steinert
For psychotherapy of mental disorders, presently several approaches are available, such as interpersonal, humanistic, systemic, psychodynamic or cognitive behavior therapy (CBT). Pointing to the available evidence, proponents of CBT claim that CBT is the gold standard. Some authors even argue for an integrated CBT-based form of psychotherapy as the only form of psychotherapy. CBT undoubtedly has its strengths and CBT researchers have to be credited for developing and testing treatments for many mental disorders...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739522/a-psychodynamic-approach-for-the-general-psychiatrist-using-transference-focused-psychotherapy-principles-in-acute-care-settings
#4
REVIEW
Richard G Hersh
Transference-focused psychotherapy (TFP) is one of the empirically validated treatments for patients with borderline personality disorder. TFP has roots in psychoanalytically informed psychotherapy, although important elements of the treatment have been adapted and refined for patients with significant personality disorder pathology. TFP's assessment process is informed by the structural interview, an approach that synthesizes standard DSM-5 nosology with the psychodynamic concept of the personality organization...
June 2018: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719357/a-study-of-the-clinical-effect-and-dropout-rate-of-drugs-combined-with-group-integrated-psychotherapy-on-elderly-patients-with-depression
#5
Bo Liu, Youguo Tan, Duanfang Cai, Yudiao Liang, Ruini He, Chengwen Liu, Yong Zhou, Cuihua Teng
Background: Relevant studies have shown that group cognitive behavioral therapy is effective in treating patients with depressive disorder, but the dropout rate is high. The present study is aimed to explore the patterns of integrated group psychotherapy. Aims: This study investigated the clinical effects of integrated group psychotherapy for elderly patients with senile depression. Methods: One hundred elderly patients with senile depression were divided into the experiment group (n=50) and the control group (n=50) randomly...
February 25, 2018: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716446/a-systematic-review-of-interventions-to-improve-initiation-of-mental-health-care-among-racial-ethnic-minority-groups
#6
Su Yeon Lee-Tauler, John Eun, Dawn Corbett, Pamela Y Collins
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review was to identify interventions to improve the initiation of mental health care among racial-ethnic minority groups. METHODS: The authors searched three electronic databases in February 2016 and independently assessed eligibility of 2,065 titles and abstracts on the basis of three criteria: the study design included an intervention, the participants were members of racial-ethnic minority groups and lived in the United States, and the outcome measures included initial access to or attitudes toward mental health care...
May 2, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695262/hypericum-perforatum-to-improve-post-operative-pain-outcome-after-monosegmental-spinal-microdiscectomy-hypos-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#7
Christa Raak, Wolfram Scharbrodt, Bettina Berger, Arndt Büssing, René Geißen, Thomas Ostermann
BACKGROUND: Spinal disc herniation is a frequently occurring degenerative disease of the spine. Many patients undergoing surgery suffer from radicular pain, known as memory pain, beginning from the third post-operative day. This results in the prescription of high-dose opioid medications. In homeopathy, Hypericum perforatum is known as a remedy for unbearable, shooting or jabbing pain especially when neural damage is involved. Reduction of pain after application of H. perforatum has been observed in previous studies...
April 25, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693749/randomized-controlled-psychotherapy-trials-in-eating-disorders-improving-their-conduct-interpretation-and-usefulness
#8
Tracey D Wade, Catherine Johnson, Susan M Byrne
BACKGROUND: While randomized controlled trials (RCTs) inform the efficacy and effectiveness of treatments, we need to understand that even RCTs can be associated with sub-optimal execution. This is of special pertinence to eating disorders given the majority of treatment studies involving cognitive behaviour therapy are of poor quality with respect to managing risk of bias adequately. METHODS: The current paper outlines the components of a good RCT for psychotherapy, and examines ways to improve the conduct, interpretation, and usefulness of RCTs...
April 25, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691958/brain-based-treatment-a-new-approach-or-a-well-forgotten-old-one
#9
Vanya Matanova, Zlatomira Kostova, Martin Kolev
For a relatively long period of time, mental functioning was mainly associated with personal profile while brain functioning went by the wayside. After the 90s of the 20th century, or the so called "Decade of the Brain", today, contemporary specialists work on the boundary between fundamental science and medicine. This brings neuroscience, neuropsychology, psychiatry, and psychotherapy closer to each other. Today, we definitely know that brain structures are being built and altered thanks to experience...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688873/assessing-the-marks-of-change-how-psychotherapy-alters-the-brain-structure-in-women-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#10
Falk Mancke, Ruth Schmitt, Dorina Winter, Inga Niedtfeld, Sabine C Herpertz, Christian Schmahl
BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence that psychotherapy can alter the function of the brain of patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD). However, it is not known whether psychotherapy can also modify the brain structure of patients with BPD. METHODS: We used structural MRI data of female patients with BPD before and after participation in 12 weeks of residential dialectical behavioural therapy (DBT) and compared them to data from female patients with BPD who received treatment as usual (TAU)...
May 2018: Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience: JPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681328/placebo-and-psychotherapy-differences-similarities-and-implications
#11
Jens Gaab, Cosima Locher, Charlotte Blease
The placebo and psychotherapy are both effective psychological interventions. Next to being characterized by their own and specific controversies and debates, there is a persistent-and least for psychotherapy-looming notion that these two interventions share more than just the first letter. Based on Grünbaum's influential conceptualization of placebo, this chapter critically reviews both the time-honored claim that psychotherapy is a placebo as well as the argument that the placebo concept does not translate to psychotherapy...
2018: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678679/formal-thought-disorders-from-phenomenology-to-neurobiology
#12
REVIEW
Tilo Kircher, Henrike Bröhl, Felicitas Meier, Jennifer Engelen
Formal thought disorder (FTD) is present in most psychiatric disorders and in some healthy individuals. In this Review, we present a comprehensive, integrative, and multilevel account of what is known about FTD, covering genetic, cellular, and neurotransmitter effects, environmental influences, experimental psychology and neuropsychology, brain imaging, phenomenology, linguistics, and treatment. FTD is a dimensional, phenomenologically defined construct, which can be clinically subdivided into positive versus negative and objective versus subjective symptom clusters...
April 17, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662103/authority-psychotherapy-and-the-authority-of-the-therapist-in-the-religious-haredi-community
#13
Esther Hess
This article considers the meaning and significance of authority, and its relevance to the transference process, within the framework of psychotherapy in the orthodox Jewish (Haredi) community in Israel. In this community, deeply-rooted habits of obedience to the commandments of the Torah and the authority of the Rabbi are integral to maintaining an orthodox way of life. Clinical vignettes with Haredi patients are presented to illustrate the complexities that arise when both patient and therapist belong to the orthodox community, and highlight the authority-related issues that are central to the therapy...
April 16, 2018: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651112/behavioural-medicine-and-gastrointestinal-disorders-the-promise-of-positive-psychology
#14
REVIEW
Laurie Keefer
Psychosocial risk factors linked to brain-gut dysregulation are prevalent across the spectrum of gastrointestinal disorders and are associated with poor patient outcomes. Robust and reproducible data in the areas of behavioural intervention science and the brain-gut axis have led to major advances in patient care, including the routine use of brain-gut psychotherapies to manage digestive symptoms and optimize coping. The logical next step for the emerging field of psychogastroenterology is to develop a scientific framework that enables the identification of those individual characteristics and coping styles that buffer patients against the negative psychological effects of chronic gastrointestinal disorders...
April 12, 2018: Nature Reviews. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622525/gamified-cognitive-control-training-for-remitted-depressed-individuals-user-requirements-analysis
#15
Jasmien Vervaeke, Jan Van Looy, Kristof Hoorelbeke, Chris Baeken, Ernst Hw Koster
BACKGROUND: The high incidence and relapse rates of major depressive disorder demand novel treatment options. Standard treatments (psychotherapy, medication) usually do not target cognitive control impairments, although these seem to play a crucial role in achieving stable remission. The urgent need for treatment combined with poor availability of adequate psychological interventions has instigated a shift toward internet interventions. Numerous computerized programs have been developed that can be presented online and offline...
April 5, 2018: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619534/-unmet-needs-of-family-dementia-caregivers-of-persons-with-dementia-primary-medical-care
#16
REVIEW
I Zwingmann, W Hoffmann, B Michalowsky, D Wucherer, T Eichler, S Teipel, A Dreier-Wolfgramm, I Kilimann, J R Thyrian
BACKGROUND: Results of current research studies revealed that providing informal care for people with dementia (PwD) is associated with caregivers' burden and a variety of health impairments. In order to provide optimal support for family caregivers of PwD, general practitioners and specialists should be able to identify caregivers' unmet needs in primary care. OBJECTIVES: The present article provides an overview of unmet needs of family caregivers that are relevant for general practitioners as well as specialists in neurology, psychiatry, psychotherapy and psychosomatics...
April 4, 2018: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614992/a-research-study-review-of-effectiveness-of-treatments-for-psychiatric-conditions-common-to-end-stage-cancer-patients-needs-assessment-for-future-research-and-an-impassioned-plea
#17
Ralph J Johnson
BACKGROUND: Rates of psychiatric conditions common to end-stage cancer patients (delirium, depression, anxiety disorders) remain unchanged. However, patient numbers have increased as the population has aged; indeed, cancer is a chief cause of mortality and morbidity in older populations. Effectiveness of psychiatric interventions and research to evaluate, inform, and improve interventions is critical to these patients' care. This article's intent is to report results from a recent review study on the effectiveness of interventions for psychiatric conditions common to end-stage cancer patients; the review study assessed the state of research regarding treatment effectiveness...
April 3, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611717/therapeutic-assessment-with-child-inpatients
#18
Christopher Joseph Pagano, Meghan Colleen Commins Blattner, Sara Kaplan-Levy
Growing evidence supports Therapeutic Assessment (TA), a collaborative and therapeutic approach to psychological assessment, as an effective method for enhancing motivation for and engagement with psychotherapy across a variety of clinical populations and treatment settings. However, to date there are no known studies assessing the use of TA in child psychiatric inpatient settings. This article briefly reviews the structure of child and family TA, enumerates the challenges and risks associated with short-term inpatient stays, and proposes a path for integrating TA into these units as a way to enhance the quality of care and reduce the risk of rapid rehospitalization...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601274/revisiting-the-safe-place-method-and-regulatory-aspects-in-psychotherapy-when-easing-allostatic-overload-in-traumatized-patients
#19
Anna Gerge
Safe-place inductions are considered important altered states of consciousness (ASC) to be (re)installed during trauma-informed psychotherapy. Coregulation aimed at changing implicit relational knowing and increasing integration and coherence through relational work and hypnotic techniques is crucial, as clients' abilities to self-soothe and regulate have become seriously impaired. Thus, resource-oriented metaphors as inner strength imagery is advocated. Also, methods such as creative-arts therapy and neurofeedback will induce ASCs, as most methods used with complex traumatized clients, due to their high hypnotizability...
April 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578587/utilizing-an-ecological-framework-to-integrate-social-identities-and-sociopolitical-analysis-in-psychotherapy
#20
Pamela LiVecchi, Mayowa Obasaju
This article explores how the political events from the past year have influenced psychotherapeutic sessions with a female adolescent who is Peruvian, undocumented, and initially presented with symptoms of anxiety and a history of trauma. Focusing on this case example and utilizing an ecological framework, this article explores how the social identities of the therapist and their relation to power and privilege impact the therapeutic interventions that were chosen and not chosen. Additionally, there is a review of the benefits of consultation with a colleague of differing social identities and how this form of consultation can influence a clinician's reactions to clients regarding social or political issues, as well as how integrating a sociopolitical analysis is a useful and sometimes necessary addition to the usual work of therapy...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
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