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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154575/metamethod-study-of-qualitative-psychotherapy-research-on-clients-experiences-review-and-recommendations
#1
Heidi M Levitt, Andrew Pomerville, Francisco I Surace, Lauren M Grabowski
A metamethod study is a qualitative meta-analysis focused upon the methods and procedures used in a given research domain. These studies are rare in psychological research. They permit both the documentation of the informal standards within a field of research and recommendations for future work in that area. This paper presents a metamethod analysis of a substantial body of qualitative research that focused on clients' experiences in psychotherapy (109 studies). This review examined the ways that methodological integrity has been established across qualitative research methods...
November 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150145/neuroimaging-biomarkers-as-predictors-of-treatment-outcome-in-major-depressive-disorder
#2
REVIEW
Trehani M Fonseka, Glenda M MacQueen, Sidney H Kennedy
BACKGROUND: Current practice for selecting pharmacological and non-pharmacological antidepressant treatments has yielded low response and remission rates in Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). Neuroimaging biomarkers of brain structure and function may be useful in guiding treatment selection by predicting response vs. non-response outcomes. METHODS: In this review, we summarize data from studies examining predictors of treatment response using structural and functional neuroimaging modalities, as they pertain to pharmacotherapy, psychotherapy, and stimulation treatment strategies...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145076/veterans-group-exercise-a-randomized-pilot-trial-of-an-integrative-exercise-program-for-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress
#3
Lizabeth A Goldstein, Wolf E Mehling, Thomas J Metzler, Beth E Cohen, Deborah E Barnes, Gerard J Choucroun, Aliza Silver, Lisa S Talbot, Shira Maguen, Jennifer A Hlavin, Margaret A Chesney, Thomas C Neylan
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is prevalent among military veterans and is associated with significant negative health outcomes. However, stigma and other barriers to care prevent many veterans from pursuing traditional mental health treatment. We developed a group-based Integrative Exercise (IE) program combining aerobic and resistance exercise, which is familiar to veterans, with mindfulness-based practices suited to veterans with PTSD. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of IE on PTSD symptom severity and quality of life, as well as assess the feasibility and acceptability of IE...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131090/online-self-help-as-an-add-on-to-inpatient-psychotherapy-efficacy-of-a-new-blended-treatment-approach
#4
Rüdiger Zwerenz, Jan Becker, Rudolf J Knickenberg, Martin Siepmann, Karin Hagen, Manfred E Beutel
BACKGROUND: Depression is one of the most frequent and costly mental disorders. While there is increasing evidence for the efficacy of online self-help to improve depression or prevent relapse, there is little evidence in blended care settings, especially combined with inpatient face-to-face psychotherapy. Therefore, we evaluated whether an evidence-based online self-help program improves the efficacy of inpatient psychotherapy. METHODS: A total of 229 depressed patients were randomly allocated either to an online self-help program (intervention group [IG]; Deprexis) or an active control group (CG; weekly online information on depression) in addition to inpatient psychodynamic psychotherapy...
November 3, 2017: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130400/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-depression-with-integrated-techniques-from-emotion-focused-and-exposure-therapies
#5
Martin Grosse Holtforth, Tobias Krieger, Johannes Zimmermann, David Altenstein-Yamanaka, Nadja Dörig, Laurence Meisch, Adele M Hayes
BACKGROUND: Emotional processing (EP) is hypothesized to be a key mechanism of change in psychotherapy that may enhance its long-term efficacy. To study the effects of fostering EP in psychotherapy for depression, this randomized-controlled clinical trial compares the efficacy and pattern of change of a cognitive-behavioral therapy that integrates emotion-focused techniques within an exposure framework (Exposure-Based Cognitive Therapy for depression; EBCT-R) to a standard cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)...
November 12, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129680/existential-issues-in-sexual-medicine-the-relation-between-death-anxiety-and-hypersexuality
#6
REVIEW
Daniel N Watter
INTRODUCTION: Current sex therapy and sexual medicine protocols often ignore the existential dilemmas associated with sexual dysfunction and other problematic sexual problems. This oversight is especially apparent when assessing and treating the controversial phenomenon of hypersexuality, or "sexual addiction." A deeper understanding of the existential concept of death anxiety could offer an alternative treatment paradigm that might lead to a more effective treatment outcome. AIM: To explore the relation between the existential phenomenon of death anxiety and hypersexuality (ie, sexual addiction) and present an evaluation and treatment paradigm that is rooted in existential psychotherapy, a form of psychotherapy that is a deeply life-affirming and dynamic approach to therapy that focuses on concerns rooted in the individual's existence...
November 9, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108671/metacognitive-reflection-and-insight-therapy-for-early-psychosis-a-preliminary-study-of-a-novel-integrative-psychotherapy
#7
Jenifer L Vohs, Bethany L Leonhardt, Alison V James, Michael M Francis, Alan Breier, Nikki Mehdiyoun, Andrew C Visco, Paul H Lysaker
Poor insight impedes treatment in early phase psychosis (EPP). This manuscript outlines preliminary findings of an investigation of the novel metacognitively oriented integrative psychotherapy, Metacognitive Reflection and Insight Therapy, for individuals with early phase psychosis (MERIT-EP). Twenty adults with EPP and poor insight were randomized to either six months of MERIT-EP or treatment as usual (TAU). Therapists were trained and therapy was successfully delivered under routine, outpatient conditions...
November 3, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084191/therapy-of-a-couple-with-a-bipolar-spouse
#8
Andrzej Witusik, Tadeusz Pietras
Qualitative analysis of therapy of a couple with a partner who has bipolar disorder is an important research paradigm in contemporary psychotherapy of mental disorders.The qualitative method of the study is important both from the cognitive point of view and for the evaluation of the therapeutic efficacy in the individual, idiographical aspect. AIM: The aim of the study is a qualitative analysis of the therapeutic process of a couple in which one partner suffers from bipolar affective disorder...
October 23, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081351/integrating-biological-treatment-mechanisms-into-randomized-clinical-trials-design-of-progress-prolonged-exposure-and-sertraline-trial
#9
Sheila A M Rauch, Naomi M Simon, H Myra Kim, Ron Acierno, Anthony P King, Sonya B Norman, Margaret R Venners, Katherine Porter, K Luan Phan, Peter W Tuerk, Carolyn Allard, Israel Liberzon, Barbara O Rothbaum, Brian Martis, Murray B Stein, Charles W Hoge
Increased emphasis on mechanisms of treatment effectiveness, biomarker predictors, and objective indicators of treatment response has sparked interest in integrated, translational treatment outcomes trials. The PROlonGed ExpoSure and Sertraline Trial (PROGrESS) is one such randomized controlled trial (RCT) focused on a key question in clinical management of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) - the comparative and combined effectiveness of medication and psychotherapy. PROGrESS employs a state of the art trial design to examine psychotherapy and medication effects across three conditions: 1) Prolonged Exposure (PE) plus pill placebo, 2) Sertraline (SERT) plus Enhanced Medication Management (EMM), and 3) Combined treatment (PE/SERT)...
October 29, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072149/pattern-of-changes-during-treatment-a-comparison-between-a-positive-psychology-intervention-and-a-cognitive-behavioral-treatment-for-clinical-depression
#10
Irene Lopez-Gomez, Covadonga Chaves, Gonzalo Hervas, Carmelo Vazquez
Research on psychotherapy has traditionally focused on analyzing changes between the beginning and the end of a treatment. Few studies have addressed the pattern of therapeutic change during treatment. The aim of this study was to examine the pattern of changes in clinical and well-being variables during a cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) program compared with an integrative positive psychology interventions program for clinical depression IPPI-D. 128 women with a diagnosis of major depression or dysthymia were assigned to the CBT or PPI group...
October 26, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067164/a-case-series-report-of-cancer-patients-undergoing-group-body-psychotherapy
#11
Astrid Grossert, Gunther Meinlschmidt, Rainer Schaefert
Background: Disturbances in bodily wellbeing represent a key source of psychosocial suffering and impairment related to cancer. Therefore, interventions to improve bodily wellbeing in post-treatment cancer patients are of paramount importance. Notably, body psychotherapy (BPT) has been shown to improve bodily wellbeing in subjects suffering from a variety of mental disorders. However, how post-treatment cancer patients perceive and subjectively react to group BPT aiming at improving bodily disturbances has, to the best of our knowledge, not yet been described...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990883/learning-to-address-multiple-syndemics-for-people-living-with-hiv-through-client-perspectives-on-cbt
#12
Nicholas S Perry, Jocelyn E Remmert, Christina Psaros, Megan Pinkston, Steven A Safren
OBJECTIVE: The mental health burden among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) is high and often involves multiple comorbid psychological and substance use-related psychosocial problems. These co-occurring problems, or syndemics, additively impair engagement in HIV disease management. Existing psychotherapies for mental health and HIV health have generally focused on a single psychosocial problem and little research exists to guide future psychotherapies that address multiple mental health issues...
October 9, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990738/treatment-of-obsessive-morbid-jealousy-with-cognitive-analytic-therapy-an-adjudicated-hermeneutic-single-case-efficacy-design-evaluation
#13
Louise Curling, Stephen Kellett, Peter Totterdell, Glenys Parry, Gillian Hardy, Katherine Berry
OBJECTIVE: The evidence base for the treatment of morbid jealousy with integrative therapies is thin. This study explored the efficacy of cognitive analytic therapy (CAT). DESIGN: An adjudicated hermeneutic single-case efficacy design evaluated the cognitive analytic treatment of a patient meeting diagnostic criteria for obsessive morbid jealousy. METHOD: A rich case record was developed using a matrix of nomothetic and ideographic quantitative and qualitative outcomes...
October 9, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984633/homeopathy-as-boundary-object-and-distributed-therapeutic-agency-a-discussion-on-the-homeopathic-placebo-response
#14
Cosima Rughiniş, Alexandra Ciocănel, Sorina Vasile
BACKGROUND: We discuss homeopathy's placebo effect as the result of a distributed therapeutic agency involving humans, objects, and texts. Homeopathy has been involved in controversies for centuries, and the dispute whether it is therapy or quackery is as lively as ever. Still, homeopathy has retained significant popularity and acceptance within the medical establishment. AREAS OF UNCERTAINTY: We bracket the issue of biochemical effectiveness of homeopathic remedies as we only discuss homeopathy's potential to elicit a placebo response within its therapeutic alliance, in virtue of its social, symbolic, and material features...
September 27, 2017: American Journal of Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967766/parenthood-after-reproductive-loss-how-psychotherapy-can-help-with-postpartum-adjustment-and-parent-infant-attachment
#15
David J Diamond, Martha O Diamond
Parenting after pregnancy loss is often complicated for people who have not effectively grieved the loss and worked through the trauma. Reproductive losses can trigger shame and self-doubt, damage the sense of self-as-parent, and inflict narcissistic injuries, which, in turn, may impede the resolution of grief. If not addressed, these unresolved feelings may be projected onto subsequent children, potentially disrupting attachment relationships and the child's sense of self. The reproductive story, a lifelong internal narrative that comprises the thoughts, feelings, and hopes about how parenting and adulthood will unfold, and forms the core of parental identity, can be used as a tool in helping parents understand the depth of their feelings, integrate current and past losses into the self, and resolve grief...
October 2, 2017: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935225/heart-rate-variability-biofeedback-and-other-psychophysiological-procedures-as-important-elements-in-psychotherapy
#16
REVIEW
Paul M Lehrer
Lang's distinction of psychophysiological, behavioral, and cognitive domains in psychological problems and therapies provides a useful heuristic for guiding psychotherapy. Much psychotherapy practice emphasizes the cognitive domain, but behavioral and psychophysiological interventions show at least equivalent effectiveness for some kinds of problems. Most descriptions of cognitive behavior therapy emphasize cognitive procedures, although most CBT approaches also incorporate behavioral interventions such as social skills training, exposure, and behavior activation...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922004/behavioral-activation-in-the-treatment-of-metacognitive-dysfunctions-in-inhibited-type-personality-disorders
#17
Keely Gordon-King, Robert D Schweitzer, Giancarlo Dimaggio
Behavioral interventions are proposed as a critical treatment component in psychotherapy for personality disorders. The current study explores behavioral interventions as a mechanism of change in Metacognitive Interpersonal Therapy, an integrative psychotherapy for personality disorders. The goals and implementation of behavioral principles are illustrated through the single case study of Roger, a 57-year-old man diagnosed with avoidant personality disorder and depressive personality disorder. Transcripts of interviews and therapy sessions illustrate the role of behavioral interventions, including behavioral activation, in Roger's treatment...
September 2017: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920521/implementing-evidence-based-smoking-cessation-treatment-in-psychosocial-care-units-caps-in-brazil
#18
João Mauricio Castaldelli-Maia, Nilson R da Silva, Marta Rd Campos, Helena F Moura, Gustavo Zabert, Beatriz M Champagne, Katherine E Kemper, J Taylor Hays
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of smoking among mental health and addiction (MHA) patients is 3 times higher than it is in the general population, yet this patient population has received little help to combat smoking. Considering this, psychosocial care centers (CAPS - Centros de Atenção Psicossocial) are strategic locations for integrating tobacco dependence treatment (TDT) into existing treatment activities. METHODS: Our team provided an 8-hour training package to the staff of CAPS that have not been providing specialized TDT for smokers...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910493/using-interpersonal-process-recall-to-compare-patients-accounts-of-resistance-in-two-psychotherapies-for-generalized-anxiety-disorder
#19
Nicholas R Morrison, Michael J Constantino, Henny A Westra, Angela Kertes, Brien J Goodwin, Martin M Antony
In a trial examining whether cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) could be improved by integrating motivational interviewing (MI) to target resistance, MI-CBT outperformed CBT over 12-month follow-up (Westra, Constantino, & Antony, 2016). Given that effectively addressing resistance is both a theoretically and an empirically supported mechanism of MI's additive effect, we explored qualitatively patients' experience of resistance, possibly as a function of treatment. For 5 patients from each treatment who exhibited early in-session change ambivalence, and thus were at risk for later resistance, we conducted interpersonal process recall interviews after a session...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903596/changes-in-self-representations-following-psychoanalytic-psychotherapy-for-young-adults-a-comparative-typology
#20
Andrzej Werbart, Lars Brusell, Rebecka Iggedal, Kristin Lavfors, Alexander Widholm
Changes in dynamic psychological structures are often a treatment goal in psychotherapy. The present study aimed at creating a typology of self-representations among young women and men in psychoanalytic psychotherapy, to study longitudinal changes in self-representations, and to compare self-representations in the clinical sample with those of a nonclinical group. Twenty-five women and sixteen men were interviewed according to Blatt's Object Relations Inventory pretreatment, at termination, and at a 1.5-year follow-up...
October 2016: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
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