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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108879/patterns-of-social-affiliations-and-healthcare-engagement-among-young-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#1
Rachel L Behler, Benjamin T Cornwell, John A Schneider
Little work has examined how individuals' social affiliations-the venues in which they meet friends and engage in informal social interaction-influence their engagement with public health services. We investigate how links to these local places shape access to information and exposure to health-seeking behavior. Using longitudinal data from a respondent-driven sample of 618 young black men who have sex with men (YBMSM) in Chicago, we identify different sets of social venues that connect YBMSM. We then examine how YBMSM's connections within this network influence their receipt of HIV prevention and treatment services and knowledge of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP)...
January 21, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103842/one-size-doesn-t-fit-all-cross-sectional-associations-between-neighborhood-walkability-crime-and-physical-activity-depends-on-age-and-sex-of-residents
#2
Andrea S Richardson, Wendy M Troxel, Madhumita B Ghosh-Dastidar, Robin Beckman, Gerald P Hunter, Amy S DeSantis, Natalie Colabianchi, Tamara Dubowitz
BACKGROUND: Low-income African American adults are disproportionately affected by obesity and are also least likely to engage in recommended levels of physical activity (Flegal et al. JAMA 303(3):235-41, 2010; Tucker et al. Am J Prev Med 40(4):454-61, 2011). Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) is an important factor for weight management and control, as well as for reducing disease risk (Andersen et al. Lancet 368(9532):299-304, 2006; Boreham and Riddoch J Sports Sci 19(12):915-29, 2001; Carson et al...
January 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103394/measuring-patient-engagement-which-health-care-engagement-behaviors-are-important-to-patients
#3
Huey-Ming Tzeng, James Marcus Pierson
AIM(S): This study identified patient health care engagement behaviors that are important to community-dwelling adult patients living in the southern region of the USA. BACKGROUND: Patient engagement has been identified as a key driver for containing health care costs, but the public and health care professionals lack a scientific understanding of patient engagement. A valid tool is needed for prompting patients to discuss health activities with their health care providers and to obtain support...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103071/bridging-the-response-to-mass-shootings-and-urban-violence-exposure-to-violence-in-new-haven-connecticut
#4
Alycia Santilli, Kathleen O'Connor Duffany, Amy Carroll-Scott, Jordan Thomas, Ann Greene, Anita Arora, Alicia Agnoli, Geliang Gan, Jeannette Ickovics
We have described self-reported exposure to gun violence in an urban community of color to inform the movement toward a public health approach to gun violence prevention. The Community Alliance for Research and Engagement at Yale School of Public Health conducted community health needs assessments to document chronic disease prevalence and risk, including exposure to gun violence. We conducted surveys with residents in six low-income neighborhoods in New Haven, Connecticut, using a neighborhood-stratified, population-based sample (n = 1189; weighted sample to represent the neighborhoods, n = 29 675)...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095472/review-of-participatory-epidemiology-practices-in-animal-health-1980-2015-and-future-practice-directions
#5
Alberto Allepuz, Katinka de Balogh, Ryan Aguanno, Martin Heilmann, Daniel Beltran-Alcrudo
In this study we combined an inventory of the major applications, geographic regions and diseases covered by participatory epidemiology (PE) activities in the field of animal health since 1980, together with an email discussion forum with PE practitioners from different regions of the world. The inventory included the search of peer-reviewed papers, master and technical reports, conference proceedings, manuals, training materials and projects. The search resulted in a low number of PE activity results until the year 2000, followed by a considerable increase (especially from 2012)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094558/the-arts-and-health-communication-in-uganda-a-light-under-the-table
#6
Jill Sonke, Virginia Pesata, Venny Nakazibwe, Jude Ssenyonjo, Robert Lloyd, Danielle Espino, Mia Nieves, Samantha Khandakji, Phillip Hahn, Maria Kerrigan
This qualitative interview study brings the voices of 27 public health leaders, health communication experts, and artists who work in public health in Uganda together to articulate the principles and practices that make the country a shining example of effective, evidence-based use of the arts for health communication. The specific aim of the study was to identify best practices, theoretical foundations, and other factors that contribute to the success of arts-based health communication campaigns in Uganda...
January 17, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093378/factors-associated-with-weight-change-in-online-weight-management-communities-a-case-study-in-the-loseit-reddit-community
#7
Gisele Lobo Pappa, Tiago Oliveira Cunha, Paulo Viana Bicalho, Antonio Ribeiro, Ana Paula Couto Silva, Wagner Meira, Alline Maria Rezende Beleigoli
BACKGROUND: Recent research has shown that of the 72% of American Internet users who have looked for health information online, 22% have searched for help to lose or control weight. This demand for information has given rise to many online weight management communities, where users support one another throughout their weight loss process. Whether and how user engagement in online communities relates to weight change is not totally understood. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the activity behavior and analyze the semantic content of the messages of active users in LoseIt (r/loseit), a weight management community of the online social network Reddit...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092422/international-consensus-principles-for-ethical-wildlife-control
#8
Sara Dubois, Nicole Fenwick, Erin A Ryan, Liv Baker, Sandra E Baker, Ngaio J Beausoleil, Scott Carter, Barbara Cartwright, Federico Costa, Chris Draper, John Griffin, Adam Grogan, Gregg Howald, Bidda Jones, Kate E Littin, Amanda T Lombard, David J Mellor, Daniel Ramp, Catherine A Schuppli, David Fraser
Human-wildlife conflicts are commonly addressed by excluding, relocating, or lethally controlling animals with the goal of preserving public health and safety, protecting property, or conserving other valued wildlife. However, declining wildlife populations, a lack of efficacy of control methods in achieving desired outcomes, and changes in how people value animals have triggered widespread acknowledgment of the need for ethical and evidence-based approaches to managing such conflicts. We explored international perspectives on and experiences with human-wildlife conflicts to develop principles for ethical wildlife control...
January 16, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088211/innovation-contests-to-promote-sexual-health-in-china-a-qualitative-evaluation
#9
Wei Zhang, David Schaffer, Lai Sze Tso, Songyuan Tang, Weiming Tang, Shujie Huang, Bin Yang, Joseph D Tucker
BACKGROUND: Innovation contests call on non-experts to help solve problems. While these contests have been used extensively in the private sector to increase engagement between organizations and clients, there is little data on the role of innovation contests to promote health campaigns. We implemented an innovation contest in China to increase sexual health awareness among youth and evaluated community engagement in the contest. METHODS: The sexual health image contest consisted of an open call for sexual health images, contest promotion activities, judging of entries, and celebrating contributions...
January 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086857/evaluating-a-multicomponent-social-behaviour-change-communication-strategy-to-reduce-intimate-partner-violence-among-married-couples-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-trial-in-nepal
#10
Cari Jo Clark, Rachael A Spencer, Binita Shrestha, Gemma Ferguson, J Michael Oakes, Jhumka Gupta
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant public health issue that affects 1 in 3 women globally and a similarly large number of women in Nepal. Over the past decade, important policy and programmatic steps have been taken to address violence against women in Nepal. There remains a dearth of evidence on the effectiveness of primary violence prevention strategies. The Change Starts at Home study begins to fill this gap by utilizing a multi-component social behaviour change communication (SBCC) strategy involving a radio drama and community mobilization to shift attitudes, norms and behaviours that underpin IPV perpetration in Nepal...
January 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081131/-i-wasted-3-years-thinking-it-s-not-a-problem-patient-and-health-system-delays-in-diagnosis-of-leprosy-in-india-a-mixed-methods-study
#11
Thirumugam Muthuvel, Srinivas Govindarajulu, Petros Isaakidis, Hemant Deepak Shewade, Vasudev Rokade, Rajbir Singh, Sanjeev Kamble
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, leprosy is one of the major causes of preventable disability. India contributes to 60% of global leprosy burden. With increasing numbers of leprosy with grade 2 disability (visible disability) at diagnosis, we aimed to determine risk factors associated with grade 2 disability among new cases and explore patients and providers' perspectives into reasons for late presentation. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: This was an explanatory mixed-methods study where the quantitative component, a matched case-control design, was followed by a qualitative component...
January 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069993/development-and-validation-of-the-alzheimer-s-prevention-beliefs-measure-in-a-multi-ethnic-cohort-a-behavioral-theory-approach
#12
Alon Seifan, Christine A Ganzer, Francoise Vermeylen, Stephen Parry, Jifeng Zhu, Abigail Lyons, Richard Isaacson, Sarang Kim
BACKGROUND: Understanding health beliefs and how they influence willingness will enable the development of targeted curricula that maximize public engagement in Alzheimer's disease (AD) risk reduction behaviors. METHODS: Literature on behavioral theory and community input was used to develop and validate a health beliefs survey about AD risk reduction among 428 community-dwelling adults. Principal component analysis was performed to assess internal consistency. Linear regression was performed to identify key predictors of Willingness to engage in AD risk reduction behaviors...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069006/methods-and-design-of-a-10-week-multi-component-family-meals-intervention-a-two-group-quasi-experimental-effectiveness-trial
#13
Catherine Rogers, Sarah E Anderson, Jamie S Dollahite, Tisa F Hill, Chris Holloman, Carla K Miller, Keeley J Pratt, Carolyn Gunther
BACKGROUND: Given the ongoing childhood obesity public health crisis and potential protective effect of family meals, there is need for additional family meals research, specifically experimental studies with expanded health outcomes that focus on the at-risk populations in highest need of intervention. Future research, specifically intervention work, would also benefit from an expansion of the target age range to include younger children, who are laying the foundation of their eating patterns and capable of participating in family meal preparations...
January 9, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059694/visualization-approaches-to-support-healthy-aging-a-systematic-review
#14
Uba Backonja, Nai-Ching Chi, Yong Choi, Amanda K Hall, Thai Le, Youjeong Kang, George Demiris
BACKGROUND: Health technologies have the potential to support the growing number of older adults who are aging in place. Many tools include visualizations (data visualizations, visualizations of physical representations). However, the role of visualizations in supporting aging in place remains largely unexplored. OBJECTIVE: To synthesize and identify gaps in the literature evaluating visualizations (data visualizations and visualizations of physical representations), for informatics tools to support healthy aging...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049454/identifying-mechanisms-for-facilitating-knowledge-to-action-strategies-targeting-the-built-environment
#15
Ghazal S Fazli, Maria I Creatore, Flora I Matheson, Sara Guilcher, Vered Kaufman-Shriqui, Heather Manson, Ashley Johns, Gillian L Booth
BACKGROUND: In recent years, obesity-related diseases have been on the rise globally resulting in major challenges for health systems and society as a whole. Emerging research in population health suggests that interventions targeting the built environment may help reduce the burden of obesity and type 2 diabetes. However, translation of the evidence on the built environment into effective policy and planning changes requires engagement and collaboration between multiple sectors and government agencies for designing neighborhoods that are more conducive to healthy and active living...
January 3, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031301/social-mobilization-and-community-engagement-central-to-the-ebola-response-in-west-africa-lessons-for-future-public-health-emergencies
#16
Amaya M Gillespie, Rafael Obregon, Rania El Asawi, Catherine Richey, Erma Manoncourt, Kshiitij Joshi, Savita Naqvi, Ade Pouye, Naqibullah Safi, Ketan Chitnis, Sabeeha Quereshi
Following the World Health Organization (WHO) declaration of a Public Health Emergency of International Concern regarding the Ebola outbreak in West Africa in July 2014, UNICEF was asked to co-lead, in coordination with WHO and the ministries of health of affected countries, the communication and social mobilization component-which UNICEF refers to as communication for development (C4D)-of the Ebola response. For the first time in an emergency setting, C4D was formally incorporated into each country's national response, alongside more typical components such as supplies and logistics, surveillance, and clinical care...
December 23, 2016: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028668/suicidal-ideation-resilience-and-healthcare-implications-for-newly-diagnosed-hiv-positive-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china-a-qualitative-study
#17
Haochu Li, Joseph Tucker, Eleanor Holroyd, Jie Zhang, Baofa Jiang
Globally, suicidal ideation and behavior have been widely reported among people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Knowledge gaps exist regarding the longer life and resilience-related experiences of people living with HIV (PLWH). Specifically, there is a dearth of data about the interaction of perceived risk and resilient factors resulting in a wide spectrum of intentional suicidal ideation outcomes in a Chinese cultural context. This qualitative research drew from a larger ethnographic study of newly diagnosed HIV-positive men who have sex with men (MSM) in Mainland China...
December 27, 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027776/vegesafe-a-community-science-program-measuring-soil-metal-contamination-evaluating-risk-and-providing-advice-for-safe-gardening
#18
Marek Rouillon, Paul J Harvey, Louise J Kristensen, Steven G George, Mark P Taylor
The extent of metal contamination in Sydney residential garden soils was evaluated using data collected during a three-year Macquarie University community science program called VegeSafe. Despite knowledge of industrial and urban contamination amongst scientists, the general public remains under-informed about the potential risks of exposure from legacy contaminants in their home garden environment. The community was offered free soil metal screening, allowing access to soil samples for research purposes. Participants followed specific soil sampling instructions and posted samples to the University for analysis with a field portable X-ray Fluorescence (pXRF) spectrometer...
December 24, 2016: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017435/informing-vaccine-decision-making-a-strategic-multi-attribute-ranking-tool-for-vaccines-smart-vaccines-2-0
#19
Stacey Knobler, Karin Bok, Bruce Gellin
SMART Vaccines 2.0 software is being developed to support decision-making among multiple stakeholders in the process of prioritizing investments to optimize the outcomes of vaccine development and deployment. Vaccines and associated vaccination programs are one of the most successful and effective public health interventions to prevent communicable diseases and vaccine researchers are continually working towards expanding targets for communicable and non-communicable diseases through preventive and therapeutic modes...
December 22, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012400/blood-cadmium-concentrations-and-environmental-exposure-sources-in-newcomer-south-and-east-asian-women-in-the-greater-toronto-area-canada
#20
C L S Wiseman, A Parnia, D Chakravartty, J Archbold, N Zawar, R Copes, D C Cole
BACKGROUND: Immigrant women are often identified as being particularly vulnerable to environmental exposures and health effects. The availability of biomonitoring data on newcomers is limited, thus, presenting a challenge to public health practitioners in the identification of priorities for intervention. OBJECTIVES: In fulfillment of data needs, the purpose of this study was to characterize blood concentrations of cadmium (Cd) among newcomer women of reproductive age (19-45 years of age) living in the Greater Toronto Area (GTA), Canada and to assess potential sources of environmental exposures...
December 21, 2016: Environmental Research
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