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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146658/views-of-commissioners-managers-and-healthcare-professionals-on-the-nhs-health-check-programme-a-systematic-review
#1
Katie Mills, Emma Harte, Adam Martin, Calum MacLure, Simon J Griffin, Jonathan Mant, Catherine Meads, Catherine L Saunders, Fiona M Walter, Juliet A Usher-Smith
OBJECTIVE: To synthesise data concerning the views of commissioners, managers and healthcare professionals towards the National Health Service (NHS) Health Check programme in general and the challenges faced when implementing it in practice. DESIGN: A systematic review of surveys and interview studies with a descriptive analysis of quantitative data and thematic synthesis of qualitative data. DATA SOURCES: An electronic literature search of MEDLINE, Embase, Health Management Information Consortium, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Global Health, PsycInfo, Web of Science, OpenGrey, the Cochrane Library, NHS Evidence, Google Scholar, Google, ClinicalTrials...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144769/detection-of-emerging-zoonotic-pathogens-an-integrated-one-health-approach
#2
Brian H Bird, Jonna A K Mazet
The emergence of novel zoonotic pathogens is one of the greatest challenges to global health security. The advent of increasingly sophisticated diagnostics tools has revolutionized our capacity to detect and respond to these health threats more rapidly than ever before. Yet, no matter how sophisticated these tools become, the initial identification of emerging infectious diseases begins at the local community level. It is here that the initial human or animal case resides, and it is here that early pathogen detection would have maximum benefit...
November 16, 2017: Annual Review of Animal Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143223/accelerating-and-strengthening-native-american-health-research-through-a-collaborative-nih-initiative
#3
Aria Davis Crump, Kathy Etz, Judith A Arroyo, Nanci Hemberger, Shobha Srinivasan
This paper is intended to provide an overview of the considerations that informed the development of a National Institutes of Health funding opportunity to promote health and prevent disease in Native Americans, including American Indian, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian communities. NIH Institute staff thoughtfully considered epidemiologic research findings and feedback from constituents regarding the need for more published research overall and stronger prevention efforts to address persistent health concerns affecting many Native communities...
November 16, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137666/utilization-of-the-behavior-change-wheel-framework-to-develop-a-model-to-improve-cardiometabolic-screening-for-people-with-severe-mental-illness
#4
Christina Mangurian, Grace C Niu, Dean Schillinger, John W Newcomer, James Dilley, Margaret A Handley
BACKGROUND: Individuals with severe mental illness (e.g., schizophrenia, bipolar disorder) die 10-25 years earlier than the general population, primarily from premature cardiovascular disease (CVD). Contributing factors are complex, but include systemic-related factors of poorly integrated primary care and mental health services. Although evidence-based models exist for integrating mental health care into primary care settings, the evidence base for integrating medical care into specialty mental health settings is limited...
November 14, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130405/what-is-the-role-of-community-at-the-end-of-life-for-people-dying-in-advanced-age-a-qualitative-study-with-bereaved-family-carers
#5
Merryn Gott, Janine Wiles, Tess Moeke-Maxwell, Stella Black, Lisa Williams, Ngaire Kerse, Gabriella Trussardi
BACKGROUND: New public health approaches to palliative care prioritise the role of community at end of life. However, little is known about community support for the increasing numbers of people dying in advanced age. AIM: To explore the role of community at end of life for people dying in advanced age from the perspective of their bereaved family caregivers. DESIGN: A constructionist framework underpinned a qualitative research design. Data were analysed using critical thematic analysis...
October 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130264/the-economic-cost-of-communicable-disease-surveillance-in-local-public-health-agencies
#6
Adam Atherly, Melanie Whittington, Lisa VanRaemdonck, Sarah Lampe
OBJECTIVE: We identify economic costs associated with communicable disease (CD) monitoring/surveillance in Colorado local public health agencies and identify possible economies of scale. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Data were collected via a survey of local public health employees engaged in CD work. Survey respondents logged time spent on CD surveillance for 2-week periods in the spring of 2014 and fall of 2014. Forty-three of the 54 local public health agencies in Colorado participated...
December 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128710/prevalence-and-motives-for-drugged-driving-among-emerging-adults-presenting-to-an-emergency-department
#7
Erin E Bonar, Brooke J Arterberry, Alan K Davis, Rebecca M Cunningham, Frederic C Blow, R Lorraine Collins, Maureen A Walton
OBJECTIVES: Drugged driving [DD] is a public health concern, particularly among emerging adults who have the highest rates of drug use. Understanding involvement with DD could inform prevention efforts for this population. We evaluated the prevalence of, motives for, and correlates of past-year DD among emerging adults from an urban, under-resourced community. METHODS: Emerging adults (N=586) ages 18-25years (54% male, 56% African American, 34% European American) seeking care in an urban emergency department completed past-year surveys of demographics, frequency of DD within 4h of substance use, reasons for DD, and substance use...
November 9, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125962/retrospective-evaluation-of-project-envision-a-community-mobilization-pilot-program-to-prevent-sexual-violence-in-new-york-city
#8
Lily Glenn, Laura Fidler, Meghan O'Connor, Mary Haviland, Deborah Fry, Tamara Pollak, Victoria Frye
Sexual violence is a public health problem associated with short- and long-term physical and mental health consequences. Most interventions that aim to prevent sexual violence before it occurs target individual-level change or promote bystander training. Community-level interventions, while increasingly recommended in the sexual violence prevention field, are rarely documented in peer-reviewed literature. This paper is a targeted process evaluation of Project Envision, a 6-year pilot initiative to address social norms at the root of sexual violence through coalition building and community mobilization in three New York City neighborhoods, and reflects the perspectives of those charged with designing and implementing the program...
November 2, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117644/respectful-care-during-childbirth-in-health-facilities-globally-a-qualitative-evidence-synthesis
#9
Elham Shakibazadeh, Masoumeh Namadian, Meghan A Bohren, Joshua P Vogel, Arash Rashidian, Vicky Nogueira Pileggi, Sofia Madeira, Sebastian Leathersich, Ӧzge Tunçalp, Olufemi T Oladapo, João Paulo Souza, Ahmet Metin Gülmezoglu
BACKGROUND: What constitutes respectful maternity care (RMC) operationally in research and program implementation is often variable. OBJECTIVES: To develop a conceptualization of RMC. SEARCH STRATEGY: Key databases including PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, Global Health Library; grey literature and reference lists of relevant studies. SELECTION CRITERIA: Primary qualitative studies focusing on care occurring during labour, childbirth and/or immediate postpartum in health facilities without any restrictions on locations or publication date...
November 8, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117352/using-patient-pathway-analysis-to-design-patient-centered-referral-networks-for-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-tuberculosis-the-case-of-the-philippines
#10
Celine Garfin, Mariquita Mantala, Rajendra Yadav, Christy L Hanson, Mike Osberg, Aaron Hymoff, Julia Makayova
Background: Tuberculosis (TB) is the 8th leading cause of death in the Philippines. A recent prevalence survey found that there were nearly 70% more cases of tuberculosis than previously estimated. Given these new data, the National TB Program (NTP), operating through a decentralized health system, identified about 58% of the estimated new drug-sensitive (DS) TB patients in 2016. However, the NTP only identified and commenced treatment for around 17% of estimated new drug-resistant patients...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117348/delivering-patient-centered-care-in-a-fragile-state-using-patient-pathway-analysis-to-understand-tuberculosis-related-care-seeking-in-pakistan
#11
Razia Fatima, Mahboob Ul Haq, Aashifa Yaqoob, Nasir Mahmood, Khawaja Laeeq Ahmad, Mike Osberg, Julia Makayova, Aaron Hymoff, Christy Hanson
Background: Pakistan has the sixth largest population in the world and boasts the fifth greatest burden of tuberculosis. The Government of Pakistan has set the ambitious goal of zero deaths due to tuberculosis and universal access to tuberculosis care by 2020. Successfully reaching these goals is dependent on the country's capacity to diagnose and successfully treat an estimated 200000 unnotified or missing patients with tuberculosis. Methods: A patient-pathway analysis (PPA) was conducted at the national level, as well as for each of the 4 provinces, to assess the alignment between patient care seeking and the availability of tuberculosis diagnostic and treatment services...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115179/global-perspectives-on-dementia-and-art-an-international-discussion-about-changing-public-health-policy
#12
Peter J Whitehouse, Trish Vella Burrows, Duncan Stephenson
In an era of global environmental deterioration and income inequity, public health faces many challenges, including the growing number of individuals, especially older people, with chronic diseases. Dementia is increasingly being seen not just as a biomedical problem to solve but as a public and community challenge to address more broadly. Concepts like prevention, brain health, and quality of life/well-being are receiving more attention. The engagement of community in addressing these challenges is being seen as critical to successful social adaptation...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101139/public-views-towards-community-health-and-hospital-based-outpatient-services-and-their-utilisation-in-zhejiang-china-a-mixed-methods-study
#13
Dan Wu, Tai Pong Lam, Kwok Fai Lam, Xu Dong Zhou, Kai Sing Sun
OBJECTIVE: China is engaged in promoting community health services (CHS) nationwide. This study examines the public's views towards CHS and their utilisation of community-based and hospital-based outpatient services. DESIGN: A mixed methods study using qualitative interviews and a cross-sectional survey. STUDY SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: The study was conducted among the public between September 2014 and September 2015 in Zhejiang province, China...
November 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084119/high-performing-local-health-departments-relate-their-experiences-at-community-engagement-in-emergency-preparedness
#14
Monica Schoch-Spana, Sanjana Ravi, Diane Meyer, Laura Biesiadecki, Geoffrey Mwaungulu
CONTEXT: Local health departments (LHDs) are implementing a national mandate to engage community partners, including individuals, businesses, and community- and faith-based organizations in the larger public health emergency preparedness (PHEP) enterprise. OBJECTIVE: Investigate how LHDs of varying size and resource levels successfully engage the community in PHEP to help uncover "best practices" that aspiring agencies can replicate, particularly in low-resource environments...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084044/evolving-models-and-ongoing-challenges-for-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-implementation-in-the-united-states
#15
Kenneth H Mayer, Philip A Chan, Rupa Patel, Charlene A Flash, Douglas S Krakower
BACKGROUND: The use of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for HIV prevention was approved by the FDA in 2012, but delivery to at risk persons has lagged. This critical review analyzes the current state of PrEP implementation in the US, by reviewing barriers, and innovative solutions, to enhanced PrEP access and uptake. SETTING: Clinical care settings, public health progrlams and community-based organizations (CBOs). METHODS: Critical review of recent peer-reviewed literature...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082543/using-a-digital-storytelling-assignment-to-teach-public-health-advocacy
#16
A B de Castro, Salem Levesque
The need and expectation for advocacy is central to public health nursing practice. Advocacy efforts that effectively call attention to population health threats and promote the well-being of communities rely on strategies that deliver influential messaging. The digital story is a lay method to capture meaningful, impactful stories that can be used to advocate for public health concerns. Readily available, user-friendly digital technologies allow engagement in digital media production to create digital stories...
October 29, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068824/health-care-organizations-and-policy-leadership-perspectives-on-nonsmoker-only-hiring-policies
#17
Patricia A McDaniel, Ruth E Malone
PURPOSE: To explore employers' decisions to base hiring policies on tobacco or nicotine use and community perspectives on such policies, and analyze the implications for organizational identity, community engagement, and health promotion. METHOD: From 2013 to 2016, 11 executives from six health care organizations and one non-health-care organization with nonsmoker-only hiring policies were interviewed about why and how their policies were created and implemented, concerns about the policies, and perceptions of employee and public reactions...
October 24, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065491/how-do-communities-use-a-participatory-public-health-approach-to-build-resilience-the-los-angeles-county-community-disaster-resilience-project
#18
Elizabeth Bromley, David P Eisenman, Aizita Magana, Malcolm Williams, Biblia Kim, Michael McCreary, Anita Chandra, Kenneth B Wells
Community resilience is a key concept in the National Health Security Strategy that emphasizes development of multi-sector partnerships and equity through community engagement. Here, we describe the advancement of CR principles through community participatory methods in the Los Angeles County Community Disaster Resilience (LACCDR) initiative. LACCDR, an initiative led by the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health with academic partners, randomized 16 community coalitions to implement either an Enhanced Standard Preparedness or Community Resilience approach over 24 months...
October 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062760/the-experiences-and-challenges-faced-by-rehabilitation-community-service-therapists-within-the-south-african-primary-healthcare-health-system
#19
Lieketseng Ned, Lizahn Cloete, Gubela Mji
BACKGROUND: Twenty-two years after the promulgation of a plethora of progressive health policies since 1994, the South African public health system reflects a number of stumbling blocks regarding implementation. Rehabilitation professionals are not sufficiently equipped nor allowed the opportunity to comprehensively implement Primary Healthcare (PHC) from a bottom-up approach, thus engaging communities. Training on addressing social health determinants and their impact on ill-health and health outcomes is inadequate...
2017: Afr J Disabil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062536/involving-seldom-heard-groups-in-a-ppi-process-to-inform-the-design-of-a-proposed-trial-on-the-use-of-probiotics-to-prevent-preterm-birth-a-case-study
#20
Juliet Rayment, Rosemary Lanlehin, Christine McCourt, Shahid M Husain
PLAIN ENGLISH SUMMARY: When designing clinical trials it is important to involve members of the public, who can provide a view on what may encourage or prevent people participating and on what matters to them. This is known as Public and Patient Involvement (PPI). People from minority ethnic groups are often less likely to take part in clinical trials, but it is important to ensure they are able to participate fully so that health research and its findings are relevant to a wide population...
2017: Res Involv Engagem
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