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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923111/evaluation-of-a-pilot-school-based-physical-activity-challenge-for-primary-students
#1
E Passmore, C Donato-Hunt, L Maher, R Havrlant, K Hennessey, A Milat, L Farrell
Issue addressed: Physical inactivity and sedentary behaviour among children are growing public health concerns. The Culture Health Communities Activity Challenge (hereafter known as the Challenge) is a school-based pedometer program in which classes compete to achieve the highest class average daily steps in an 8-week period. The Challenge aims to encourage physical activity in primary school students, with a focus on engaging Aboriginal students. The program was piloted in 15 classes in New South Wales in 2014...
December 2, 2016: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923007/health-communication-and-the-hiv-continuum-of-care
#2
Sten H Vermund, Elizabeth C Mallalieu, Lynn M Van Lith, Helen E Struthers
Health communication is a broad term that applies to the fundamental need for practitioners, policy makers, patients, and community members to understand one another around health promotion and health care issues. Whether in a consultation between nurse and patient, a health clinic director's engagement with the health ministry, or a community campaign for encouraging HIV testing, all have critical health communication elements. When people's needs are not perceived by them to be addressed or clients/patients do not understand what is being communicated, they are unmotivated to engage...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921633/healthcare-resources-are-inadequate-to-address-the-burden-of-illness-among-hiv-infected-male-prisoners-in-malaysia
#3
Joseph Bick, Gabriel Culbert, Haider A Al-Darraji, Clayton Koh, Veena Pillai, Adeeba Kamarulzaman, Frederick Altice
Purpose Criminalization of drug use in Malaysia has concentrated people who inject drugs (PWID) and people living with HIV into prisons where health services are minimal and HIV-related mortality is high. Few studies have comprehensively assessed the complex health needs of this population. The paper aims to discuss these issues. Design/methodology/approach From October 2012 through March 2013, 221 sequentially selected HIV-infected male prisoners underwent a comprehensive health assessment that included a structured history, physical examination, and clinically indicated diagnostic studies...
December 19, 2016: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920384/antibiotic-resistance-in-the-wild-an-eco-evolutionary-perspective
#4
REVIEW
Teppo Hiltunen, Marko Virta, Anna-Liisa Laine
The legacy of the use and misuse of antibiotics in recent decades has left us with a global public health crisis: antibiotic-resistant bacteria are on the rise, making it harder to treat infections. At the same time, evolution of antibiotic resistance is probably the best-documented case of contemporary evolution. To date, research on antibiotic resistance has largely ignored the complexity of interactions that bacteria engage in. However, in natural populations, bacteria interact with other species; for example, competition and grazing are import interactions influencing bacterial population dynamics...
January 19, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920239/the-regional-comprehensive-economic-partnership-intellectual-property-protection-and-access-to-medicines
#5
Belinda Townsend, Deborah Gleeson, Ruth Lopert
The inclusion of elevated standards of intellectual property (IP) protection in the recently negotiated Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) agreement has raised serious public health concerns regarding access to medicines. A lesser-known trade agreement under negotiation in the Asia-Pacific region is the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP). Framed as an attempt to reassert ASEAN's position in response to the United States-led TPP, RCEP includes key players China and India as well as several low- and middle-income countries (LMICs)...
November 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905937/impact-of-tailored-blogs-and-content-on-usage-of-web-cipher-an-online-platform-to-help-policymakers-better-engage-with-evidence-from-research
#6
Steve R Makkar, Megan Howe, Anna Williamson, Frances Gilham
BACKGROUND: There is a need to develop innovations that can help bridge the gap between research and policy. Web CIPHER is an online tool designed to help policymakers better engage with research in order to increase its use in health policymaking. The aim of the present study was to test interventions in order to increase policymakers' usage of Web CIPHER. Namely, the impact of posting articles and blogs on topics relevant to the missions and scope of selected policy agencies in the Web CIPHER community...
December 1, 2016: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902562/enhancing-themes-and-strengths-assessment-leveraging-academic-led-qualitative-inquiry-in-community-health-assessment-to-uncover-roots-of-community-health-inequities
#7
Jennifer Hebert-Beirne, Jennifer K Felner, Yvette Castañeda, Sheri Cohen
CONTEXT: Rigorous qualitative research can enhance local health departments' efforts to gain a deeper insight into residents' perceived community health inequities necessary for productive community health assessments (CHAs) and community health improvement plans (CHIPs). OBJECTIVE: The Chicago Department of Public Health and the Partnership for Healthy Chicago used the National Association of County & City Health Officials' Mobilizing for Action through Planning and Partnerships (MAPP) model to conduct its CHA/CHIP, Healthy Chicago 2...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899479/a-formative-review-of-physical-activity-interventions-for-minority-ethnic-populations-in-england
#8
E Such, S Salway, R Copeland, S Haake, S Domone, S Mann
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) levels are lower among some UK Black and minority ethnic (BME) groups than the majority White British population and a variety of tailored interventions have emerged. This study documents the characteristics and logic of local adaptations, a vital first step in evaluating such innovations. METHODS: An English PA data set was examined to identify and characterize PA programmes focussed on BME populations. Three case studies were conducted, employing documentary analysis and qualitative interviews...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896887/benefits-and-tensions-in-delivering-public-health-in-community-pharmacies-a-qualitative-study-of-healthy-living-pharmacy-staff-champions
#9
Richard J Cooper, Jo Tsoneva
OBJECTIVE: Healthy Living Pharmacies (HLP) were introduced in the United Kingdom (UK) in a further attempt to deliver public health benefits in community pharmacy settings. Central to the initiative are staff trained as Healthy Living Champions (HLC) and this study sought to explore HLC perceptions of positive and negative aspect of their work and the wider scheme. METHODS: A qualitative study was undertaken with a purposive sample of HLCs working in pathfinder HCPs in the Sheffield area in 2014...
November 29, 2016: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891787/evaluation-of-the-western-australian-register-of-developmental-anomalies-thirty-five-years-of-surveillance
#10
Wendy N Nembhard, Carol Bower
BACKGROUND: The birth defects component of the Western Australian Register for Developmental Anomalies (WARDA-BD) was evaluated to assess its efficiency, effectiveness, and data quality. METHODS: WARDA-BD was evaluated using the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Guidelines for Evaluating Public Health Surveillance Systems and Data Quality Standards from the National Birth Defects Prevention Network. The evaluation included interviews with Register staff, local community organizations, parents, clinicians, and researchers; process observation; and secondary data analyses...
November 2016: Birth Defects Research. Part A, Clinical and Molecular Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871276/the-future-of-global-health-education-training-for-equity-in-global-health
#11
EDITORIAL
Lisa V Adams, Claire M Wagner, Cameron T Nutt, Agnes Binagwaho
BACKGROUND: Among academic institutions in the United States, interest in global health has grown substantially: by the number of students seeking global health opportunities at all stages of training, and by the increase in institutional partnerships and newly established centers, institutes, and initiatives to house global health programs at undergraduate, public health and medical schools. Witnessing this remarkable growth should compel health educators to question whether the training and guidance that we provide to students today is appropriate, and whether it will be applicable in the next decade and beyond...
November 21, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868438/a-standardized-review-of-smartphone-applications-to-promote-balance-for-older-adults
#12
Angelica Reyes, Pei Qin, Cary A Brown
BACKGROUND: Balance is one of the risk factors for falls in older adults. The use of smartphone applications (apps) related to health (mHealth) is increasing and, while there is potential for apps to be used as a self-managed balance intervention, many healthcare providers are concerned about the content and credibility of mHealth apps overall. PURPOSE: This study evaluates the quality of balance promoting apps and identifies strengths and areas of concern to assist healthcare providers in recommending these resources...
November 20, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868304/individual-social-and-environmental-factors-and-their-association-with-weight-in-rural-dwelling-women
#13
Cheryce L Harrison, Helena J Teede, Samantha Kozica, Sophia Zoungas, Catherine B Lombard
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is a major public health concern and women living in rural settings present a high-risk group. With contributing factors poorly explored, we evaluated their association with weight in rural Australian women. METHODS: Women aged 18-50 years of any body mass index (BMI) were recruited between October 2012 and April 2013 as part of a larger, randomised controlled trial within 42 rural towns. Measured weight and height as well as self-reported measures of individual health, physical activity, dietary intake, self-management, social support and environmental perception were collected...
November 20, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864988/time-to-question-diabetes-self-management-support-for-arabic-speaking-migrants-exploring-a-new-model-of-care
#14
H Alzubaidi, K McNamara, C Browning
AIM: The objective of this study was to explore a new model for diabetes self-management support in Arabic-speaking migrants. METHODS: Two qualitative methods were used: face-to-face semi-structured individual interviews and focus groups. Interviews were audio-taped, transcribed verbatim and coded thematically. Arabic-speaking migrants with Type 2 diabetes were recruited from several primary, secondary and tertiary healthcare settings in metropolitan Melbourne, Australia...
November 16, 2016: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862244/retail-food-store-access-in-rural-appalachia-a-mixed-methods-study
#15
Esther Thatcher, Cassandra Johnson, Shannon N Zenk, Pamela Kulbok
OBJECTIVE: To describe how characteristics of food retail stores (potential access) and other factors influence self-reported food shopping behavior (realized food access) among low-income, rural Central Appalachian women. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Cross-sectional descriptive. Potential access was assessed through store mapping and in-store food audits. Factors influencing consumers' realized access were assessed through in-depth interviews. Results were merged using a convergent parallel mixed methods approach...
November 14, 2016: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857997/a-critical-examination-of-the-use-of-trained-health-coaches-to-decrease-the-metabolic-syndrome-for-participants-of-a-community-based-diabetes-prevention-and-management-program
#16
Brandon Lucke-Wold, Samantha Shawley, John Spencer Ingels, Jonathan Stewart, Ranjita Misra
The epidemic of obesity and diabetes in the United States poses major challenge to the prevention and management of chronic diseases. Furthermore, when this is viewed in other components of the metabolic syndrome (i.e., the burden of high cholesterol and hypertension), the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome continues to rise in the USA continued challenge is how to deal with this epidemic from a medical and public health standpoint. Community Based Participatory Research (CBPR) is a unique approach and offers a novel perspective for answering this challenge...
2016: Journal of Healthcare Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845157/strategic-and-integrated-planning-for-healthy-connected-cities-chattanooga-case-study
#17
Holly Elwell, Bianca Shulaker, Jasmin Rippon, Rick Wood
The United States is facing unprecedented health challenges - such as obesity and cardiovascular disease - many of which are related to a lack of or insufficient physical activity. Maintaining or creating parks and other public recreation facilities that promote physical activity is particularly important for combating these. This brief describes a strategic planning initiative, known as "Healthy, Connected Chattanooga." The City of Chattanooga, Tennessee, partnered with The Trust for Public Land, a national nonprofit organization, to analyze the city for physical activity opportunities and identify areas where interventions were of highest need...
November 11, 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834242/communityrx-a-population-health-improvement-innovation-that-connects-clinics-to-communities
#18
Stacy T Lindau, Jennifer Makelarski, Emily Abramsohn, David G Beiser, Veronica Escamilla, Jessica Jerome, Daniel Johnson, Abel N Kho, Karen K Lee, Timothy Long, Doriane C Miller
The CommunityRx system, a population health innovation, combined an e-prescribing model and community engagement to strengthen links between clinics and community resources for basic, wellness, and disease self-management needs in Chicago. The components of CommunityRx were a youth workforce, whose members identified 19,589 public-serving entities in the 106-square-mile implementation region between 2012 and 2014; community health information specialists, who used the workforce's findings to generate an inventory of 14,914 health-promoting resources; and a health information technology (IT) platform that was integrated with three electronic health record systems at thirty-three clinical sites...
November 1, 2016: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834231/culture-of-health
#19
(no author information available yet)
A central feature of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation's Culture of Health initiative is recognition of the roles of institutions in addition to the health care sector in enhancing opportunities for people to lead healthier lives, thus promoting improved population health, well-being, and equity. The initiative identifies roles for individuals, communities, commercial entities, and public policy makers that encourage a comprehensive vision for health promotion through cross-sector collaboration. Data and evidence are emerging that suggest links between such approaches and positive health outcomes...
November 1, 2016: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832082/a-review-of-the-national-health-insurance-scheme-in-ghana-what-are-the-sustainability-threats-and-prospects
#20
Robert Kaba Alhassan, Edward Nketiah-Amponsah, Daniel Kojo Arhinful
BACKGROUND: The introduction of the national health insurance scheme (NHIS) in Ghana in 2003 significantly contributed to improved health services utilization and health outcomes. However, stagnating active membership, reports of poor quality health care rendered to NHIS-insured clients and cost escalations have raised concerns on the operational and financial sustainability of the scheme. This paper reviewed peer reviewed articles and grey literature on the sustainability challenges and prospects of the NHIS in Ghana...
2016: PloS One
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