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Public health AND community engagement

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349259/access-and-quality-of-parks-and-associations-with-obesity-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
M Hobbs, Mark A Green, C Griffiths, H Jordan, J Saunders, H Grimmer, J McKenna
Public health is increasingly engaging with multi-faceted obesity prevention efforts. Although parks represent key community assets for broader public health, they may not be distributed equitably and associations with obesity are equivocal. We investigated park access and quality relative to deprivation and obesity with individual-level data from the Yorkshire Health Study. Compared to the least deprived areas, the moderately and most deprived areas had a greater park access and park quality in terms of features and amenities...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335234/a-patient-held-smartcard-with-a-unique-identifier-and-an-mhealth-platform-to-improve-the-availability-of-prenatal-test-results-in-rural-nigeria-demonstration-study
#2
Semiu Olatunde Gbadamosi, Chuka Eze, John Olajide Olawepo, Juliet Iwelunmor, Daniel F Sarpong, Amaka Grace Ogidi, Dina Patel, John Okpanachi Oko, Chima Onoka, Echezona Edozie Ezeanolue
BACKGROUND: Community-based strategies to test for HIV, hepatitis B virus (HBV), and sickle cell disease (SCD) have expanded opportunities to increase the proportion of pregnant women who are aware of their diagnosis. In order to use this information to implement evidence-based interventions, these results have to be available to skilled health providers at the point of delivery. Most electronic health platforms are dependent on the availability of reliable Internet connectivity and, thus, have limited use in many rural and resource-limited settings...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330860/sudden-death-in-sport-and-riding-horses-during-and-immediately-after-exercise-a-case-series
#3
C Navas de Solis, F Althaus, N Basieux, D Burger
BACKGROUND: Sudden death affects the health of horses, the safety of riders and the public perception of animal welfare during equestrian events. OBJECTIVES: To describe the signalment, clinical history, sudden death episode, rider injuries and causes of sudden death during exercise or closely thereafter in sport and pleasure riding horses. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series based on an online questionnaire. METHODS: An online questionnaire was distributed to the veterinary and equestrian community...
January 13, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320934/improving-the-care-of-youth-with-type-1-diabetes-with-a-novel-medical-legal-community-intervention-the-diabetes-community-care-ambassador-program
#4
Faisal S Malik, Joyce P Yi-Frazier, Craig E Taplin, Christian L Roth, Kathryn B Whitlock, Waylon Howard, Catherine Pihoker
Purpose The purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility and efficacy of the Diabetes Community Care Ambassador (DCCA) Program, a novel medical-legal community intervention designed to support high-risk youth with type 1 diabetes. Methods Study eligibility criteria: ages 3-19 years, A1C ≥8.5% (≥69 mmol/mol) and/or recent diabetic ketoacidosis hospitalization, type 1 diabetes duration ≥1 year, and English- or Spanish-speaking. Eighty-nine youth and their caregivers participated in the 9- to 12-month intervention, which included diabetes education and support through 3 home visits, 1 to 2 school visits, and phone support from a lay health worker, as well as legal support from a medical-legal partnership attorney...
January 1, 2018: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320347/heroin-use-and-drug-injection-among-youth-also-misusing-prescription-drugs
#5
Sonali Rajan, Kelly V Ruggles, Honoria Guarino, Pedro Mateu-Gelabert
OBJECTIVES: We identified the prevalence of nonmedical prescription drug use and its relationship to heroin and injection drug use in 4 nationally representative samples of adolescents. METHODS: We used the most recent data (2009-2015) from the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (Ntotal= 61,132). Prevalence rates and 95% confidence intervals for prescription drug misuse, heroin use, and injection drug use were calculated across time points, sex, and race/ethnicity subgroups...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317420/perceptions-of-the-uses-of-routine-general-practice-data-beyond-individual-care-in-england-a-qualitative-study
#6
David Wyatt, Jenny Cook, Christopher McKevitt
OBJECTIVE: To investigate how different lay and professional groups perceive and understand the use of routinely collected general practice patient data for research, public health, service evaluation and commissioning. DESIGN, METHOD, PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: We conducted a multimethod, qualitative study. This entailed participant observation of the design and delivery of a series of deliberative engagement events about a local patient database made of routine primary care data...
January 8, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313761/cancer-and-social-media-a-comparison-of-traffic-about-breast-cancer-prostate-cancer-and-other-reproductive-cancers-on-twitter-and-instagram
#7
Emily K Vraga, Anthony Stefanidis, Georgios Lamprianidis, Arie Croitoru, Andrew T Crooks, Paul L Delamater, Dieter Pfoser, Jacek R Radzikowski, Kathryn H Jacobsen
Social media are often heralded as offering cancer campaigns new opportunities to reach the public. However, these campaigns may not be equally successful, depending on the nature of the campaign itself, the type of cancer being addressed, and the social media platform being examined. This study is the first to compare social media activity on Twitter and Instagram across three time periods: #WorldCancerDay in February, the annual month-long campaigns of National Breast Cancer Awareness Month (NBCAM) in October and Movember in November, and during the full year outside of these campaigns...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304869/improving-local-health-through-community-health-workers-in-cambodia-challenges-and-solutions
#8
Kim Ozano, Padam Simkhada, Khem Thann, Rose Khatri
BACKGROUND: Volunteer community health workers (CHWs) are an important link between the public health system and the community. The 'Community Participation Policy for Health' in Cambodia identifies CHWs as key to local health promotion and as a critical link between district health centres and the community. However, research on the challenges CHWs face and identifying what is required to optimise their performance is limited in the Cambodian context. This research explores the views of CHWs in rural Cambodia, on the challenges they face when implementing health initiatives...
January 6, 2018: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304032/community-engaged-cumulative-risk-assessment-of-exposure-to-inorganic-well-water-contaminants-crow-reservation-montana
#9
Margaret J Eggers, John T Doyle, Myra J Lefthand, Sara L Young, Anita L Moore-Nall, Larry Kindness, Roberta Other Medicine, Timothy E Ford, Eric Dietrich, Albert E Parker, Joseph H Hoover, Anne K Camper
An estimated 11 million people in the US have home wells with unsafe levels of hazardous metals and nitrate. The national scope of the health risk from consuming this water has not been assessed as home wells are largely unregulated and data on well water treatment and consumption are lacking. Here, we assessed health risks from consumption of contaminated well water on the Crow Reservation by conducting a community-engaged, cumulative risk assessment. Well water testing, surveys and interviews were used to collect data on contaminant concentrations, water treatment methods, well water consumption, and well and septic system protection and maintenance practices...
January 5, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302523/regional-variation-in-utilization-of-antenatal-care-services-in-the-state-of-andhra-pradesh
#10
Satyendra Nath Ponna, Venkata Prasad Upadrasta, J J Babu Geddam, Shankar Reddy Dudala, Renuka Sadasivuni, Hemalatha Bathina
Background: Delivery of maternal health care services is a major challenge to the health system in developing countries. Provision of antenatal care (ANC) services is the major function of public health delivery system in India to improve maternal health outcomes and its impact on maternal morbidity and mortality. Studies are lack in documenting variation in utilization of ANC services between geographical regions of Andhra Pradesh (AP). Objective: The objective of this study is to assess variation in utilization of ANC services stratified by geographical region, type of delivery and determinants of utilization of ANC services in AP...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302179/where-public-health-meets-human-rights-integrating-human-rights-into-the-validation-of-the-elimination-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-and-syphilis
#11
Eszter Kismödi, Karusa Kiragu, Olga Sawicki, Sally Smith, Sophie Brion, Aditi Sharma, Lilian Mworeko, Alexandrina Iovita
In 2014, the World Health Organization (WHO) initiated a process for validation of the elimination of mother-to-child transmission (EMTCT) of HIV and syphilis by countries. For the first time in such a process for the validation of disease elimination, WHO introduced norms and approaches that are grounded in human rights, gender equality, and community engagement. This human rights-based validation process can serve as a key opportunity to enhance accountability for human rights protection by evaluating EMTCT programs against human rights norms and standards, including in relation to gender equality and by ensuring the provision of discrimination-free quality services...
December 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302176/no-more-broken-promises-challenges-and-opportunities-for-key-populations-in-demanding-more-transparency-accountability-and-participation-in-the-global-response-against-the-hiv-and-aids-epidemic
#12
Tomás A Chang Pico, Jillian Clare Kohler, Julia Hoffmann, Lucy Mungala
The global fight against HIV/AIDS continues to pose challenges: infection rates are on the rise in many settings, stigma and discrimination remain rampant, and the global response is under increasing financial pressure. There is a high risk of losing what has been achieved so far in the fight against HIV and AIDS, but also the momentum to meet the so-called Fast Track targets for 2030. In light of these trends, it is fundamental to focus on the human rights of key populations (KPs)-especially to health, non-discrimination, access to information, and to equal and meaningful participation in political and public affairs-by placing them at the center of the global HIV response...
December 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294828/prevalence-and-correlates-of-forced-sex-as-a-self-reported-mode-of-hiv-acquisition-among-a-cohort-of-women-living-with-hiv-in-canada
#13
Carmen H Logie, Angela Kaida, Alexandra de Pokomandy, Nadia O'Brien, Pat O'Campo, Jay MacGillivray, Uzma Ahmed, Nikita Arora, Lu Wang, Shahab Jabbari, Logan Kennedy, Allison Carter, Karène Proulx-Boucher, Tracey Conway, Paul Sereda, Mona Loutfy
Gender-based violence (GBV) is a global epidemic associated with increased HIV exposure. We assessed the prevalence and correlates of HIV acquisition via forced sex among women living with HIV (WLWH) in Canada. Baseline questionnaire data were analyzed for WLWH (≥16 years) with data on self-reported mode of HIV acquisition, enrolled in a community-based cohort study in British Columbia, Ontario, and Québec. We assessed forced sex (childhood, adulthood) as a self-reported mode of HIV acquisition. Of 1,330 participants, the median age was 42 (interquartile range [IQR] = 35-50) years; 23...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290149/body-mapping-to-explore-reproductive-ethno-physiological-beliefs-and-knowledge-of-contraception-in-timor-leste
#14
Heather Julie Wallace, Susan McDonald, Suzanne Belton, Agueda Isolina Miranda, Eurico da Costa, Livio da Conceicao Matos, Helen Henderson, Angela Taft
Maternal mortality remains a significant public health challenge for Timor-Leste. Although access to quality family planning measures may greatly reduce such deaths, consideration of indigenous perceptions, and how they influence reproductive health decision-making and behavior, is crucial if health services are to provide initiatives that are accepted and helpful in improving reproductive health outcomes. We aimed to demonstrate that body mapping is an effective method to traverse language and culture to gain emic insights and indigenous worldviews...
December 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288181/research-protocol-for-the-picture-talk-project-a-qualitative-study-on-research-and-consent-with-remote-australian-aboriginal-communities
#15
Emily F M Fitzpatrick, Maureen Carter, June Oscar, Tom Lawford, Alexandra L C Martiniuk, Heather A D'Antoine, Elizabeth J Elliott
INTRODUCTION: Research with Indigenous populations is not always designed with cultural sensitivity. Few publications evaluate or describe in detail seeking consent for research with Indigenous participants. When potential participants are not engaged in a culturally respectful manner, participation rates and research quality can be adversely affected. It is unethical to proceed with research without truly informed consent. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We describe a culturally appropriate research protocol that is invited by Aboriginal communities of the Fitzroy Valley in Western Australia...
December 28, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284923/a-prerequisite-for-patient-centred-care-is-empowering-and-engaging-patients-in-the-digital-health-report-from-efmi-special-topic-conference-stc-2017
#16
Simon de Lusignan
The European Federation for Medical Informatics (EFMI) held its Special Topic Conference (STC) in October 2017 in Israel. EFMI holds STC's to focus on a particular issue, whereas its major annual conference Medical Informatics Europe (MIE) has a much wider remit. This conference challenged the informatics community to engage patients in digital health. Examples of the gap in digital engagementfrom the conference contributions include: An app to connect parents to a paediatric emergency department was presented...
December 2017: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283954/the-local-health-department-mandate-and-capacity-for-community-engagement-in-emergency-preparedness-a-national-view-over-time
#17
Monica Schoch-Spana, Jennifer Nuzzo, Sanjana Ravi, Laura Biesiadecki, Geoffrey Mwaungulu
CONTEXT: Local health departments (LHDs) perform the highly valued, yet time- and staff-intensive work of community engagement in public health emergency preparedness (CE-PHEP) when the Great Recession has had lingering effects on their organizational capacity. OBJECTIVE: Track the extent to which LHDs still embrace collaborative, whole community approaches to PHEP in a historically low resource environment. DESIGN: National survey in 2015 of LHDs using a self-administered online questionnaire regarding LHD practices and resources for CE-PHEP first fielded in 2012 ("The Community Engagement for Public Health Emergency Preparedness Survey")...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279253/the-rush-to-risk-when-interrogating-the-relationship-between-methamphetamine-use-and-sexual-practice-among-gay-and-bisexual-men
#18
Joanne Bryant, Max Hopwood, Gary W Dowsett, Peter Aggleton, Martin Holt, Toby Lea, Kerryn Drysdale, Carla Treloar
Much research concerning drug use in the context of sexual activity among gay and bisexual men derives from public health scholarship. In this paper, we critically examine how the relationship between methamphetamine use and sexual risk practice is treated and understood in this body of research. While public health has made important contributions to establishing the link between methamphetamine use and sexual risk-taking, the precise nature of the relationship is not well defined. This creates space for ungrounded assumptions about methamphetamine use to take hold...
December 23, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278972/sexual-coercion-drinking-to-cope-motives-and-alcohol-related-consequences-among-self-identified-bisexual-women
#19
Michelle L Kelley, Sarah J Ehlke, Robin J Lewis, Abby L Braitman, Wendy Bostwick, Kristin E Heron, Cathy Lau-Barraco
BACKGROUND: Given higher sexual victimization and greater alcohol use among bisexual women, a critical public health challenge is to understand within-group variation that may heighten or explain these associations in bisexual women. OBJECTIVES: The present study tested a moderated-mediation model in which sexual coercion was hypothesized to be associated with alcohol-related consequences via drinking to cope motives in self-identified bisexual women who reported at least occasional binge drinking...
December 26, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276620/developing-the-science-and-methods-of-community-engagement-for-genomic-research-and-biobanking-in-africa
#20
P Tindana, M Campbell, P Marshall, K Littler, R Vincent, J Seeley, J de Vries, D Kamuya
Historically, community engagement (CE) in research has been implemented in the fields of public health, education and agricultural development. In recent years, international discussions on the ethical and practical goals of CE have been extended to human genomic research and biobanking, particularly in the African context. While there is some consensus on the goals and value of CE generally, questions remain about the effectiveness of CE practices and how to evaluate this. Under the auspices of the Human Heredity and Health in Africa Initiative (H3Africa), the H3Africa CE working group organized a workshop in Stellenbosch, South Africa in March 2016 to explore the extent to which communities should be involved in genomic research and biobanking and to examine various methods of evaluating the effectiveness of CE...
2017: Glob Health Epidemiol Genom
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