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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522129/provision-of-prehospital-emergency-medical-services-in-punjab-pakistan-case-study-of-a-public-sector-provider
#1
Veena M Sriram, Rizwan Naseer, Adnan A Hyder
BACKGROUND: The availability and quality of emergency medical services in low- and middle-income countries, including Pakistan, are extremely limited. New models for prehospital emergency medical services provision have recently emerged across multiple sectors, and research on these models is urgently needed to inform current and future emergency medical services systems in low-resource settings. The objective of this case study was to provide a comprehensive description of the organizational structure and service delivery model of a public sector provider in the Punjab Province of Pakistan, Rescue 1122, with a focus on operations in Lahore...
May 15, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515907/factors-influencing-risky-single-occasion-drinking-in-canada-and-policy-implications
#2
Ellen Rafferty, William Ian Andrew Bonner, Jillian Code, Keely McBride, Mustafa Andkhoie, Richa Tikoo, Stephanie McClean, Colleen Dell, Michael Szafron, Marwa Farag
BACKGROUND: Misuse of alcohol, including single risky occasion drinking (RSOD) is associated with a number of health, social and economic consequences. While research demonstrates that many factors contribute to individuals' drinking practices, little is known about risk factors that contribute to RSOD in the Canadian population. The objectives of this study are to examine the patterns of RSOD in Canada, to identify factors associated with RSOD, and to explore policy implications. METHODS: The Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) 2009-2010 annual component was used to conduct all the analyses in this paper...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515182/health-assets-in-older-age-a-systematic-review
#3
Yvonne Claire Hornby-Turner, Nancye May Peel, Ruth Eleanor Hubbard
BACKGROUND: Finding ways to optimise health in older age is key to reducing the impact of population ageing on health and social care systems. A salutogenic approach takes into account an individual's health assets-internal or external strengths or accessible resources which improve and preserve physical, social and mental wellness, independence and quality of life. The aim of this narrative systematic review was to provide a summary and appraisal of the evidence for factors that act as health assets within personal, social, economic and environmental domains...
May 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512075/public-trust-in-vaccination-an-analytical-framework
#4
Vijayaprasad Gopichandran
While vaccination is one of the most successful public health interventions, there has always been a parallel movement against vaccines. Apart from scientific factors, the uptake of vaccinations is influenced by historical, political, sociocultural and economic factors. In India, the health system is struggling with logistical weaknesses in taking vaccination to the remotest corners; while on the other hand, some people in places where vaccination is available resist it. Unwillingness to be vaccinated is a growing problem in the developed world...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504073/exploring-the-relationship-between-mentoring-and-doctors-health-and-wellbeing-a-narrative-review
#5
Gemma Wilson, Valerie Larkin, Nancy Redfern, Jane Stewart, Alison Steven
The health and wellbeing of doctors are crucial, both for the individuals themselves and their ability to deliver optimum patient care. With increased pressures on healthcare, support mechanisms that attend to doctors' health and wellbeing may require greater emphasis to safeguard those working in frontline services. To inform future developments, this systematic narrative review aimed to identify, explore and map empirical and anecdotal evidence indicating the relationships between mentoring activities and the health and wellbeing of doctors...
May 2017: Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500437/an-evaluation-of-the-translation-of-continuing-education-into-diabetes-public-health-care-by-pharmacists
#6
Kerry Wilbur, Sara Shabana, Fatima Maraghi, Alaa ElMubark, Nadir Kheir
Background Pharmacists are assuming greater public health roles and partaking in continuing education to advance knowledge and skills necessary for the provision of this patient care. Objective We sought to determine what conditions in a Middle East context influence how community pharmacists actually incorporate new information into practice. Setting Community pharmacies in Qatar. Methods A continuing professional development (CPD) program regarding the management of fasting diabetes patients during Ramadan was developed and delivered...
May 12, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499003/national-institutes-of-health-research-plan-on-rehabilitation-nih-medical-rehabilitation-coordinating-committee
#7
Ann O'Mara, Julia H Rowland, Thomas N Greenwell, Cheri L Wiggs, Jerome Fleg, Lyndon Joseph, Joan McGowan, James S Panagis, Charles Washabaugh, Grace C Y Peng, Rosalina Bray, Alison N Cernich, Theresa H Cruz, Sue Marden, Mary Ellen Michel, Ralph Nitkin, Louis Quatrano, Catherine Y Spong, Lana Shekim, Teresa L Z Jones, Denise Juliano-Bult, David M Panchinson, Daofen Chen, Lyn Jakeman, Ann Knebel, Lois A Tully, Leighton Chan, Diane Damiano, Biao Tian, Pamela McInnes, Partap Khalsa, Eve Reider, David Shurtleff, William Elwood, Rachel Ballard, Abby G Ershow, Lisa Begg
One in five Americans experiences disability that affects their daily function because of impairments in mobility, cognitive function, sensory impairment, or communication impairment. The need for rehabilitation strategies to optimize function and reduce disability is a clear priority for research to address this public health challenge. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) recently published a Research Plan on Rehabilitation that provides a set of priorities to guide the field over the next 5 years. The plan was developed with input from multiple Institutes and Centers within the NIH, the National Advisory Board for Medical Rehabilitation Research, and the public...
April 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495525/latent-tuberculosis-infection-the-final-frontier-of-tuberculosis-elimination-in-the-usa
#8
REVIEW
Philip A LoBue, Jonathan H Mermin
Since 1989, the USA has been pursuing the goal of tuberculosis elimination. After substantial progress during the past two decades, the rate of tuberculosis cases in the USA each year has now levelled off and remains well above the elimination threshold. Both epidemiological data and modelling underline the necessity of addressing latent tuberculosis infection if further progress is to be made in eliminating the disease. In this Personal View we explore next steps towards elimination. Given the estimated prevalence of latent tuberculosis infection, compared with the limited testing and treatment that currently occur, a major new effort is required...
May 8, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495106/israel-health-and-beyond
#9
REVIEW
Karl Skorecki, Richard Horton
The principle that global human identity and dignity supersede other values is a broadly accepted conviction that guides practice and policies in the realm of human health in most of the world. An assessment of the level of success that Israel has achieved in health, in the face of formidable challenges, including rapid population growth, diverse and often divided ethnic affiliations, and existential security threats, leads us to propose that extension of this principle of global human identity and dignity, together with the objective of a decent society, as overriding values beyond health to other domains of human endeavour within Israel and in its relations with neighbouring peoples, represents an entirely achievable imperative...
May 5, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493509/linking-public-health-nursing-competencies-and-service-learning-in-a-global-setting
#10
Cynthia L Brown
BACKGROUND: Nurse educators in baccalaureate programs are charged with addressing student competence in public health nursing practice. These educators are also responsible for creating nursing student opportunities for civic engagement and development of critical thinking skills. The IOM report (2010) on the Future of Nursing emphasizes the nurse educator's role in promoting collaborative partnerships that incorporate interdisciplinary and intraprofessional efforts to promote health...
May 11, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492446/five-community-wide-approaches-to-physical-activity-promotion-a-cluster-analysis-of-these-activities-in-local-health-jurisdictions-in-6-states
#11
Betty Bekemeier, Michelle Pui-Yan Yip, Abraham D Flaxman, Wendy Barrington
OBJECTIVE: Local health departments (LHDs) have essential roles to play in ensuring the promotion of physical activity (PA) in their communities in order to reduce obesity. Little research exists, however, regarding the existence of these PA interventions across communities and how these interventions may impact community health. DESIGN: In this exploratory study, we used cluster analysis to identify the structure of co-occurring PA interventions, followed by regression analysis to quantify the association between the patterns of PA interventions and prevalence of PA and obesity at a population level...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480493/effects-of-sectoral-diversity-on-community-coalition-processes-and-outcomes
#12
Louis D Brown, Rebecca Wells, Eric C Jones, Sarah Meyer Chilenski
Collaboration with diverse partners is challenging but essential for the implementation of prevention programs and policies. Increased communication with partners from diverse sectors may help community coalitions overcome the challenges that diversity presents. We examined these issues empirically in a study of 17 substance use prevention coalitions in Mexico. Building on coalition and workgroup literatures, we hypothesized that sectoral diversity would improve outcomes but undermine coalition processes. Conversely, we expected uniformly positive effects from higher levels of intersectoral communication...
May 8, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473308/sa%C3%A3%C2%BAde-na-copa-the-world-s-first-application-of-participatory-surveillance-for-a-mass-gathering-at-fifa-world-cup-2014-brazil
#13
Onicio Leal Neto, George Santiago Dimech, Marlo Libel, Wayner Vieira de Souza, Eduarda Cesse, Mark Smolinski, Wanderson Oliveira, Jones Albuquerque
BACKGROUND: The 2005 International Health Regulations (IHRs) established parameters for event assessments and notifications that may constitute public health emergencies of international concern. These requirements and parameters opened up space for the use of nonofficial mechanisms (such as websites, blogs, and social networks) and technological improvements of communication that can streamline the detection, monitoring, and response to health problems, and thus reduce damage caused by these problems...
May 4, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471210/therapist-report-of-adaptations-to-delivery-of-evidence-based-practices-within-a-system-driven-reform-of-publicly-funded-children-s-mental-health-services
#14
Anna Lau, Miya Barnett, Nicole Stadnick, Dana Saifan, Jennifer Regan, Shannon Wiltsey Stirman, Scott Roesch, Lauren Brookman-Frazee
OBJECTIVE: This study examined clinical adaptations reported by community therapists to multiple evidence-based practices (EBPs) currently implemented in children's mental health services. Based on an item set informed by Stirman and colleagues' model (2015), 2 factors emerged describing Augmenting adaptations and Reducing/Reordering adaptations. We used multilevel modeling to examine therapist- and practice-level predictors of therapist reports of each type of adaptation. METHOD: Data were drawn from an online survey, including a novel therapist report measure of EBP adaptations, completed by 572 therapists (89...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468665/initiating-an-undiagnosed-diseases-program-in-the-western-australian-public-health-system
#15
Gareth Baynam, Stephanie Broley, Alicia Bauskis, Nicholas Pachter, Fiona McKenzie, Sharron Townshend, Jennie Slee, Cathy Kiraly-Borri, Anand Vasudevan, Anne Hawkins, Lyn Schofield, Petra Helmholz, Richard Palmer, Stefanie Kung, Caroline E Walker, Caron Molster, Barry Lewis, Kym Mina, John Beilby, Gargi Pathak, Cathryn Poulton, Tudor Groza, Andreas Zankl, Tony Roscioli, Marcel E Dinger, John S Mattick, William Gahl, Stephen Groft, Cynthia Tifft, Domenica Taruscio, Paul Lasko, Kenjiro Kosaki, Helene Wilhelm, Bela Melegh, Jonathan Carapetis, Sayanta Jana, Gervase Chaney, Allison Johns, Peter Wynn Owen, Frank Daly, Tarun Weeramanthri, Hugh Dawkins, Jack Goldblatt
BACKGROUND: New approaches are required to address the needs of complex undiagnosed diseases patients. These approaches include clinical genomic diagnostic pipelines, utilizing intra- and multi-disciplinary platforms, as well as specialty-specific genomic clinics. Both are advancing diagnostic rates. However, complementary cross-disciplinary approaches are also critical to address those patients with multisystem disorders who traverse the bounds of multiple specialties and remain undiagnosed despite existing intra-specialty and genomic-focused approaches...
May 3, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468612/the-barriers-and-facilitators-that-indigenous-health-workers-experience-in-their-workplace-and-communities-in-providing-self-management-support-a-multiple-case-study
#16
Jessica Conway, George Tsourtos, Sharon Lawn
BACKGROUND: The inequality in health outcomes between Indigenous (Throughout the paper, the term Indigenous will be used to represent both Aboriginal Australians and Torres Strait Islander Australians.) and non-Indigenous Australians continues to be a major public health issue. Chronic conditions are responsible for the majority of the gap in life expectancy for this population. Evidence suggests that chronic condition management models focusing on self-management have led to improved health outcomes in Indigenous populations...
May 3, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466658/a-critical-analysis-of-debates-around-mental-health-calls-in-the-prehospital-setting
#17
Polly Christine Ford-Jones, Claudia Chaufan
Paramedics, health care workers who assess and manage health concerns in the prehospital setting, are increasingly providing psychosocial care in response to a rise in mental health call volume. Observers have construed this fact as "misuse" of paramedic services, and proposed as solutions better triaging of patients, better mental health training of paramedics, and a greater number of community mental health services. In this commentary, we argue that despite the ostensibly well-intentioned nature of these solutions, they shift attention and accountability away from relevant public policies, as well as from broader economic, social, and political determinants of mental health, while placing responsibility on those requiring services or, at best, on the health care system...
January 1, 2017: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463443/implementing-a-nutrition-and-physical-activity-curriculum-in-head-start-through-an-academic-community-partnership
#18
Whitney E Zahnd, Tracey Smith, Susan J Ryherd, Melissa Cleer, Valerie Rogers, David E Steward
BACKGROUND: Schools may be an effective avenue for interventions that prevent childhood obesity. I am Moving I am Learning/Choosy Kids(©) (IMIL/CK) is a curriculum recommended by Head Start (HS) for education in nutrition, physical activity, and healthy lifestyle habits. METHODS: We formed an academic-community partnership (ACP), the Springfield Collaborative for Active Child Health, to promote prevention of childhood obesity, in part, to implement the IMIL/CK curriculum in local HS sites...
June 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457656/stimulating-patient-engagement-in-medical-device-development%C3%A2-in-kidney-disease-a-report-of-a-kidney-health%C3%A2-initiative-workshop
#19
Frank P Hurst, Dolph Chianchiano, Linda Upchurch, Benjamin R Fisher, Jennifer E Flythe, Celeste Castillo Lee, Terri Hill, Carolyn Y Neuland
New technologies challenge current dialysis treatment paradigms as devices become smaller, more portable, and increasingly used outside the dialysis clinic. It is unclear how patients will view this care transition, and it will be important to consider patient and care partner perspectives during all aspects of development for novel dialysis therapies, from design and clinical trials to regulatory approval. To gain insight into this area, the Kidney Health Initiative, a public-private partnership between the American Society of Nephrology, the US Food and Drug Administration, and nearly 80 member organizations and companies dedicated to enhancing patient safety and fostering innovation in kidney disease, convened a workshop of patients, care partners, and other kidney community stakeholders...
April 27, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446236/the-malaria-testing-and-treatment-landscape-in-benin
#20
Cyprien Zinsou, Adjibabi Bello Cherifath
BACKGROUND: Since 2004, artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) has been the first-line treatment for uncomplicated malaria in Benin. In 2016, a medicine outlet survey was implemented to investigate the availability, price, and market share of anti-malarial treatment and malaria diagnostics. Results provide a timely and important benchmark to measure future interventions aimed at increasing access to quality malaria case management services. METHODS: Between July 5th to August 6th 2016, a cross sectional, nationally-representative malaria outlet survey was conducted in Benin...
April 26, 2017: Malaria Journal
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