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police suicide

Eva Frazer, Roger A Mitchell, LaQuandra S Nesbitt, Mallory Williams, Edith P Mitchell, Richard Allen Williams, Doris Browne
While much progress has occurred since the civil rights act of 1964, minorities have continued to suffer disparate and discriminatory access to economic opportunities, education, housing, health care and criminal justice. The latest challenge faced by the physicians and public health providers who serve the African American community is the detrimental, and seemingly insurmountable, causes and effects of violence in impoverished communities of color. According to statistics from the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), the number one killer of black males ages 10-35 is homicide, indicating a higher rate of violence than any other group...
February 2018: Journal of the National Medical Association
Emilie Christin, Jean Hiquet, Jonathan Fougas, Olivier Dubourg, Sophie Gromb-Monnoyeur
Suicide is a frequent manner of unnatural death, especially from a forensic point of view. Complex suicide is defined as a recourse to more than one potentially lethal mechanism to deliberately induce death. This paper presents a complex suicide with a novel combination of self-killing methods. A 27 year-old man, working as a butcher, was found dead in his crashed car. The facts were initially in favour of an obvious traffic accident until a knife was discovered penetrating the driver's chest, requiring the police who were on the scene to carry out a criminal investigation...
January 31, 2018: Forensic Science International
Hae-Young Kim, Ashley Grosso, Odette Ky-Zerbo, Marcel Lougue, Shauna Stahlman, Cesaire Samadoulougou, Gautier Ouedraogo, Seni Kouanda, Benjamin Liestman, Stefan Baral
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to examine the prevalence and correlates of perceived health care stigma among female sex workers (FSWs) and men who have sex with men (MSM), including other stigma types, suicidal ideation, and participation in social activities. METHODS: FSWs (N = 350) and MSM (N = 330) aged ≥18 were recruited in Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso. Perceived health care stigma was defined as either ever being afraid of or avoiding health care services because someone might find out the participant has sex with men (for MSM) or sells sex (for FSW)...
January 2018: Annals of Epidemiology
David E Nichols, Charles S Grob
LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide) was discovered almost 75 years ago, and has been the object of episodic controversy since then. While initially explored as an adjunctive psychiatric treatment, its recreational use by the general public has persisted and on occasion has been associated with adverse outcomes, particularly when the drug is taken under suboptimal conditions. LSD's potential to cause psychological disturbance (bad trips) has been long understood, and has rarely been associated with accidental deaths and suicide...
February 1, 2018: Forensic Science International
Mohammed J Abbas, Nesif Alhemiary, Emad Abdul Razaq, Shakir Naosh, Louis Appleby
BACKGROUND: Very little is known regarding the epidemiology of suicides in Iraq, given the lack of a national surveillance system. Therefore, the government initiated this project "The Iraqi National Study of Suicide METHODS: The study covered 13 (out of 18) provinces in Iraq. A data collection form was designed by the researchers. The forms were completed by police stations in the 13 provinces. Data were extracted from the legal investigation (which include police investigation, family reports and postmortem reports) of cases of when there was no clear cause of death and where there was final verdict of suicide made by judge after examining these reports...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
Ricardo Cordeiro, Verônica Gronau Luz, Élida Azevedo Hennington, Ana Cláudia Alves Martins, Luís Fernando Tófoli
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the occurrence of deaths directly associated with urban violence among fatal work-related accidents. METHODS: Verbal autopsies were performed with the relatives and coworkers of residents of Campinas, state of São Paulo, Brazil, who died from external causes in 2015. We have also analyzed police reports and reports of the Legal Medical Institute related to these deaths. RESULTS: We have identified 82 fatal work-related accidents in Campinas in 2015, of which 25 were murders, 35 were traffic accidents not directly related to work activities, and three were suicides at work...
December 11, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
Jan Mario Breen, Paal Aksel Naess, Hallvard Gjerde, Christine Gaarder, Arne Stray-Pedersen
Driver fatalities in motor vehicle collisions (MVCs) encompass accidents, suicides, and natural deaths when driving. The objective of this study was to determine the significance of pathology and other autopsy findings for drivers in fatal MVCs. Forensic autopsy records of driver fatalities in southeast Norway between 2000 and 2014 were studied retrospectively. Data from individual police and collision investigation reports were also collected and analyzed. In 406 driver fatalities, the male/female ratio was 340/66; 9% died from natural causes, 9% were suicides, 65% were culpable accidental deaths, 14% were nonculpable deaths, and 3% were undetermined deaths...
March 2018: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
Kairi Kõlves, Matthew McDonough, David Crompton, Diego de Leo
The aim of this study was to examine (1) suicide trends by most prevalent methods in Queensland, Australia, during 2000-2015, and (2) characteristics of people by choice of suicide method in 2000-2013. Data were obtained from the Queensland Suicide Register, which includes police and toxicology reports, post-mortem autopsy and Coroner's findings. Poisson and Joinpoint regression were used to study the first aim, and uni-variate and multi-variate logistic regression analyses were applied to investigate the second aim...
November 15, 2017: Psychiatry Research
Jennifer Berglund
On a balmy evening in mid-May 2017, Chris Cornell, the legendary head of the internationally renowned rock band Soundgarden, strummed his last chord at the Fox Theater in Detroit and headed to the MGM Grand Hotel. According to the police report, he swallowed a few tablets of the antidepression drug Ativan in his room and called his wife. "I'm just tired," he said and hung up the phone. Later that night, at the request of his concerned wife, his bodyguard forced open Cornell's door to discover him on the bathroom floor, an exercise band tied around his neck...
November 2017: IEEE Pulse
Laura Panata, Massimo Lancia, Alessandra Persichini, Sergio Scalise Pantuso, Mauro Bacci
The crossbow is an ancient ranged weapon originally conceived for war and hunting. Although nowadays its use in warfare has been surpassed by firearms, it continues to be used in hunting, sports and recreation. The authors present the case of a 40-year-old man who suffered from severe depression. When his condition further deteriorated, doctors ordered a forced hospitalization but, just a few hours before the measure became effective, the man committed suicide using a crossbow. The autopsy and police investigation showed possession of the crossbow darts which the man used to shoot himself in the head...
December 2017: Forensic Science International
Hari-Mandir K Khalsa, Attila C Denes, Diane M Pasini-Hill, Jeffrey C Santelli, Ross J Baldessarini
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the implementation of crisis intervention teams by law enforcement agencies in Colorado. METHODS: Rates of Special Weapons and Tactics (SWAT) use, arrests, use of force, and injuries were assessed during 6,353 incidents involving individuals experiencing a mental health crisis. Relationships among original complaint, psychiatric illness, substance abuse, violence risk, and disposition of crisis calls were analyzed. RESULTS: Rates of SWAT use (<1%), injuries (<1%), arrests (<5%), and use of force (<5%) were low...
November 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
Antonio Banchini, Maria Laura Schirripa, Luca Anzillotti, Rossana Cecchi
Complex suicide is performed using more harmful methods, simultaneously or consecutively. In these cases, the distinction between suicide and homicide represents a challenge for forensic pathologists. In literature, complex suicide is divided in two subgroups: "planned complex suicide" or "unplanned complex suicide" depending from forensic features and often related to psychiatric variables. Aim of this study was to show the casuistry of complex suicide in Parma's Forensic service analyzing, for each case, the forensic medical problems (type and site of lesions on the body), and the supplementary data [Police's inspection report, toxicological analysis and psychiatric anamnesis (when available)], trying, through a multidisciplinary approach, to determine a possible correlation between the victim's mood and suicide's method chosen, whether planned or unplanned...
October 13, 2017: Legal Medicine
Fazle Rabbi Chowdhury, Gourab Dewan, Vasundhara R Verma, Duleeka W Knipe, Ishrat Tahsin Isha, M Abul Faiz, David J Gunnell, Michael Eddleston
Background: Pesticide self-poisoning is a major problem in Bangladesh. Over the past 20-years, the Bangladesh government has introduced pesticide legislation and banned highly hazardous pesticides (HHPs) from agricultural use. We aimed to assess the impacts of pesticide bans on suicide and on agricultural production. Methods: We obtained data on unnatural deaths from the Statistics Division of Bangladesh Police, and used negative binomial regression to quantify changes in pesticide suicides and unnatural deaths following removal of WHO Class I toxicity HHPs from agriculture in 2000...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
Susanna Martin, Muffazal Rawala
Aims and Method Suicidal acts on underground railway networks are an area of public health concern. Our aim was to review recent epidemiological patterns of suicidal acts on the London Underground to inform future preventive interventions. Data from 2000 to 2010 were obtained from the British Transport Police via a Freedom of Information request. Results The mean annual rate of suicidal acts from 2000 to 2010 was 5.8 per 100 million passenger journey stages. Of those who died by suicide, 77.3% were of White Northern European ethnicity...
October 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
Janine Helmus, Sarah Zorell, Thomas Bajanowski, Micaela Poetsch
DNA traces on clothes of drowned bodies can provide important evidence for police investigations, especially in cases of suspected suicides or homicides. However, it is generally assumed that the water "erodes" a large part of the DNA depending especially on the exposure time. In forensic casework, DNA of suspects could be found frequently on clothes of drowned bodies after hours, sometimes days of exposure to water. This study was conducted to attempt a general statement about the conditions under which sufficient DNA remains can be expected for molecular genetic analysis...
September 30, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
Alok Atreya, Milan Shrestha, Jenash Acharya
Discrimination on cultural and ethnic grounds is a crime in Nepal. [Caste Based Discrimination and Untouchability (Offence and Punishment) Act, 2068 (2011) * * There are two different dates which reflect the Bikram Sambat which is the official Hindu calendar in Nepal. This calendar is 57 years ahead of Gregorian calendar. For example, 19 August 2017 AD is 03 Bhadra 2074 Bikram Sambat. Thus, the date 2068 is in Bikram Sambat, 2011 is per Gregorian calendar which is unofficial so kept in parenthesis. This text is available online from: http://www...
January 1, 2017: Medico-legal Journal
C L Mulder, J van Weeghel, A Wierdsma, J Zoeteman, A Schene
'Bewildered persons' have often been in the news over the last few years. There has been much discussion about the meaning of the term 'bewildered persons', the number of people involved, the way the problem should be tackled and the role of the mental health services.<br/> AIM: To look critically at the term 'bewildered persons' and to discuss the suspected increase in numbers and the role of mental health services.<br/> METHOD: Review and discussion of the relevant literature relating to 'bewildered persons' which has been published in the last 25 years...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
Ashley K Hagaman, S Khadka, S Lohani, B Kohrt
PURPOSE: Yearly, 600,000 people complete suicide in low- and middle-income countries, accounting for 75% of the world's burden of suicide mortality. The highest regional rates are in South and East Asia. Nepal has one of the highest suicide rates in the world; however, few investigations exploring patterns surrounding both male and female suicides exist. This study used psychological autopsies to identify common factors, precipitating events, and warning signs in a diverse sample. METHODS: Randomly sampled from 302 police case reports over 24 months, psychological autopsies were conducted for 39 completed suicide cases in one urban and one rural region of Nepal...
December 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Abigail R Koch, Stacie E Geller
Homicide, suicide, and substance abuse accounted for nearly one fourth of all pregnancy-associated deaths in Illinois from 2002 through 2013. Maternal mortality review in Illinois has been primarily focused on obstetric and medical causes and little is known about the circumstances surrounding deaths due to homicide, suicide, and substance abuse, if they are pregnancy related, and if the deaths are potentially preventable. To address this issue, we implemented a process to form a second statewide maternal mortality review committee for deaths due to violence in late 2014...
November 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
D Sestoft, S M Hansen, A B Christensen
The police, social services, and psychiatry (PSP) is a structured cooperation between the police, social services, and the psychiatric system in Denmark. The aim of PSP is to ensure that relevant information is shared and supportive measures enhanced concerning citizens at risk, and it involves PSP representatives from each sector meeting frequently. PSP is implemented nationwide by law. In recent years, dealing with radicalization and the threat of terrorism have become key issues in society. The PSP cooperation already facilitates the identification of citizens at many kinds of risk (e...
August 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
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