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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899216/poisoning-suicide-with-ingestion-of-the-pyrethroids-alpha-cypermethrin-and-deltamethrin-and-the-antidepressant-mirtazapine-a-case-report
#1
Vassiliki A Boumba, Georgios N Rallis, Theodore Vougiouklakis
This case report describes a death attributed to the intake of the pyrethroid insecticides, alpha-cypermethrin and deltamethrin, and the antidepressant mirtazapine. The autopsy findings showed absence of external traumatic injuries and internal generalized visceral congestion, edema and cyanosis. The toxicological results revealed the presence of a toxic concentration of mirtazapine (12.5mg/L and 10.7mg/L in blood and urine, respectively) and high concentrations of pyrethroids (2.46mg/L alpha-cypermethrin and 2...
November 22, 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837165/pattern-of-unnatural-deaths-among-children-an-autopsy-study
#2
Praveen Athani, Basappa S Hugar, S Harish, Y P Girishchandra
This study was conducted at the M. S. Ramaiah Medical College, Bangalore, between October 2007 and September 2009 to analyse the age and sex distribution of unnatural deaths in children, patterns and manner of death. Detailed information regarding the circumstances of death was sought from the relatives, friends and police. The scene of occurrence was visited, and photographs of the scene of occurrence were examined in relevant cases. Unnatural deaths in children constituted 6.62% of the total autopsies conducted...
November 11, 2016: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733662/suicidal-ideation-and-non-fatal-deliberate-self-harm-presentations-in-the-kimberley-from-an-enhanced-police-mental-health-service-notification-database
#3
Cate McHugh, Sivasankaran Balaratnasingam, Anita Campbell, Murray Chapman
OBJECTIVES: To determine the rate of presentations for suicidal ideation and deliberate self-harm in the Kimberley region of Western Australia, characterized in terms of age, gender, rates of repetition and engagement with community mental health services. METHODS: An observational study of health service presentations over 12 months. SETTING: 10 sites across the region with police services were included, capturing the overwhelming majority of self-harm presentations in the region...
October 11, 2016: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647606/effectiveness-of-depression-suicidal-behaviour-gatekeeper-training-among-police-officers-in-three-european-regions-outcomes-of-the-optimising-suicide-prevention-programmes-and-their-implementation-in-europe-ospi-europe-study
#4
Ella Arensman, Claire Coffey, Eve Griffin, Chantal Van Audenhove, Gert Scheerder, Ricardo Gusmao, Susana Costa, Celine Larkin, Nicole Koburger, Margaret Maxwell, Fiona Harris, Vita Postuvan, Ulrich Hegerl
BACKGROUND: Gatekeeper training for community facilitators, to identify and respond to those at risk of suicide, forms an important part of multi-level community-based suicide prevention programmes. AIMS: This study examined the effects of gatekeeper training on attitudes, knowledge and confidence of police officers in dealing with persons at risk of suicide. METHODS: A total of 828 police officers across three European regions participated in a 4-hour training programme which addressed the epidemiology of depression and suicidal behaviour, symptoms of depression, warning signs and risk factors associated with suicidal behaviour, motivating help-seeking behaviour, dealing with acute suicidal crisis and informing bereaved relatives...
September 19, 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568082/a-tapentadol-related-fatality-case-report-with-postmortem-concentrations
#5
F Lee Cantrell, Phyllis Mallett, Lenore Aldridge, Kimi Verilhac, Iain M McIntyre
Tapentadol (TAP) is an analgesic agent indicated for the management of different types of pain. It has a novel mechanism of action in that it induces analgesia via both μ-opioid receptor agonism and norepinephrine reuptake inhibition. Although deaths associated with TAP use have been reported, there is a paucity of published literature regarding TAP concentrations in biological samples obtained from TAP-associated fatalities. We report a case of TAP toxicity resulting in death with postmortem peripheral and central blood concentrations, liver, vitreous, urine, and gastric contents...
September 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27526266/-intracardial-fungal-multiplication-of-order-mucor-in-an-almost-totally-carbonised-part-of-a%C3%A2-male-body-found-after-ten-days-missing
#6
Silvia Farkašová Iannaccone, Jaroslav Klán, Laura W Lamps, Daniel Farkaš, Marián Švajdler Ml, Miroslav Szabo
Determination of time of death belongs to the most difficult and also the most important issues for the medical examiners, especially those who deal with violent death. Besides the most frequently evaluated postmortal changes it is sometimes possible to perform the evaluation on the basis of less frequently observed findings. One of such findings is for example the fungal multiplication on the body or in the very close vicinity. Knowledge of moulds as well as information about their speed of growth should contribute to confirmation or negation of some information gained during police investigation...
2016: Soudní Lékarství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27515312/dying-online-live-broadcasts-of-chinese-emerging-adult-suicides-and-crisis-response-behaviors
#7
Jing Ma, Wei Zhang, Keith Harris, Qiang Chen, Xiaolin Xu
BACKGROUND: Social media and online environments are becoming increasingly popular and integral to modern lives. The online presentation of suicidal behaviors is an example of the importance of communication technologies, and the need for professionals to respond to a changing world. These types of behaviors, however, have rarely been scientifically analyzed. This study aimed to examine the behaviors of both suicide broadcasters and their audience, with attention on prevention/crisis opportunities...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27453108/-analysis-on-causes-of-death-of-residents-in-beijing-1965-1974
#8
Z H Wei, X Q Xie, F Liu, P Wang, J Wang, Y L Gao, J T Su, J Du, Q P Liu, X H Deng
OBJECTIVE: To fill up the absence of data on causes of death of urban residents in Beijing during 1965-1974 and provide evidence for the similar study in other areas. METHODS: All possible sources for death data during 1965-1974 were identified through expert consultations and record search. Stratified sampling was conducted to collect the death data of urban residents during this period in Beijing. The mortality rate, death cause constituent and rank of death causes were used in this descriptive analysis...
July 2016: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27377447/commentary-police-and-suicide-prevention
#9
COMMENT
Leo Sher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27309998/a-12-year-national-study-of-suicide-by-jumping-from-bridges-in-norway
#10
Aleksandra Sæheim, Ingebjørg Hestetun, Erlend Mork, Latha Nrugham, Lars Mehlum
Studies from several countries suggest that erecting fences on popular bridges may be an effective way of reducing the risk of suicide by jumping from these bridges. Distribution of suicides by jumping off bridges has not yet been studied on a national level in any country. This study included all suicides by jumping from high places registered in the Norwegian Cause of Death Registry (COD) in the period 1999-2010 (n = 319). Combining data from the COD registry and information from police records, 71 cases of suicide by jumping off a bridge were identified involving 36 bridges...
June 16, 2016: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27274355/suicide-surveillance-and-health-systems-in-nepal-a-qualitative-and-social-network-analysis
#11
Ashley K Hagaman, Uden Maharjan, Brandon A Kohrt
BACKGROUND: Despite increasing recognition of the high burden of suicide deaths in low- and middle-income countries, there is wide variability in the type and quality of data collected and reported for suspected suicide deaths. Suicide data are filtered through reporting systems shaped by social, cultural, legal, and medical institutions. Lack of systematic reporting may underestimate public health needs or contribute to misallocation of resources to groups most at risk. METHODS: The goal of this study was to explore how institutional structures, cultural perspectives on suicide, and perceived criminality of self-harm influence the type and quality of suicide statistics, using Nepal as an example because of its purported high rate of suicide in the public health literature...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27237959/how-do-emergency-ambulance-paramedics-view-the-care-they-provide-to-people-who-self-harm-ways-and-means
#12
N Rees, F Rapport, H Snooks, A John, C Patel
The UK has one of the highest rates of self harm (SH) in Europe, and almost four times more people die by suicide than in road traffic collisions. Emergency ambulance paramedics are often the first health professionals involved in the care of people who have self-harmed, yet little is known about the care provided or issues raised in these encounters. The aim of this study is to explore paramedics' perceptions and experiences of caring for people who SH, to inform education and policy. Semi structured interviews were conducted with paramedics, and themes generated by constant comparison coding...
May 26, 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27229154/accidents-and-undetermined-deaths-re-evaluation-of-nationwide-samples-from-the-scandinavian-countries
#13
Ingvild Maria Tøllefsen, Ingemar Thiblin, Karin Helweg-Larsen, Erlend Hem, Marianne Kastrup, Ullakarin Nyberg, Sidsel Rogde, Per-Henrik Zahl, Gunvor Østevold, Øivind Ekeberg
BACKGROUND: National mortality statistics should be comparable between countries that use the World Health Organization's International Classification of Diseases. Distinguishing between manners of death, especially suicides and accidents, is a challenge. Knowledge about accidents is important in prevention of both accidents and suicides. The aim of the present study was to assess the reliability of classifying deaths as accidents and undetermined manner of deaths in the three Scandinavian countries and to compare cross-national differences...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27185620/developmental-hazards-among-young-alcohol-intoxicated-patients
#14
Heidi Kuttler, Hanna Schwendemann, Olaf Reis, Eva Maria Bitzer
PURPOSE: The rising numbers of alcohol intoxicated adolescents (AIA) treated in emergency care units in several European countries have drawn attention to this target group for prevention. To our knowledge, this is the first study to assess a broad array of developmental hazards and their stability in AIA and to compare their distribution with representative samples (RS). METHODS: A multisite cohort study of AIA aged 13-17 years assessed, in the hospital (t0) and 6 months later (t1), (family) violence, cannabis and alcohol use, school problems, delinquency, homelessness, depression, and suicidality, using items from representative German surveys: Children and Adolescent Health Survey (KiGGS), Childhood Trauma Questionnaire and Communities That Care Youth Survey...
July 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27150410/benefit-paradox
#15
Jay Baruch
I could have been more understanding, especially when police brought a man I'll call Mr. Atkins to the emergency room for depression and suicidal ideation. But it was 3:00 a.m. and the ER was a carnival of disease and discontent, a parade of drunk drivers and folks who practiced conflict resolution with knives and bullets. A patient well known for her drug abuse wasn't done yelling at me for refusing to write her a narcotic script when a nurse tweaked at my elbow to please come speak with Mr. Atkins, who was making a case to walk out...
May 2016: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27108656/-fatal-head-injury-caused-by-a-crossbow-arrow-with-unusually-preserved-posttraumatic-volitional-activity-case-report
#16
Hynek Řehulka, Eva Čechová, Jitka Mottlová, Martin Valenta, Zdeněk Mareška
The authors deal with a case of suicidal attempt resulting in a fatal head injury. A young man shot himself with a serially produced mechanical sports crossbow. The young man with a critical intracranial injury, a penetration, was nevertheless capable of basic locomotive activity, as well as of coherent communication with another people present at the scene. The critically injured patient was transported from the scene directly to medical centre where he subsequently underwent a neurologic surgery. On the eight day after the incident he died in the hospital as a result of sustained wounds...
2016: Soudní Lékarství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27086087/homicide-suicide-and-the-role-of-mental-disorder-a-national-consecutive-case-series
#17
Sandra Flynn, Linda Gask, Louis Appleby, Jenny Shaw
PURPOSE: There is a lack of robust empirical research examining mental disorder and homicide-suicide. Primary care medical records are seldom used in homicide-suicide research. The aims of this study were to describe the characteristics of offenders and victims; determine the prevalence of mental disorder and contact with mental health services and examine adverse events prior to the offence. METHODS: This was a mixed-methods study based on a consecutive case series of offences in England and Wales occurring between 2006 and 2008...
June 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27040129/police-and-suicide-prevention
#18
Lisa Marzano, Mark Smith, Matthew Long, Charlotte Kisby, Keith Hawton
BACKGROUND: Police officers are frequently the first responders to individuals in crisis, but generally receive little training for this role. We developed and evaluated training in suicide awareness and prevention for frontline rail police in the UK. AIMS: To investigate the impact of training on officers' suicide prevention attitudes, confidence, and knowledge. METHOD: Fifty-three participants completed a brief questionnaire before and after undertaking training...
May 2016: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26979534/railway-suicide-in-england-and-wales-2000-2013-a-time-trends-analysis
#19
Anna K Taylor, Duleeka W Knipe, Kyla H Thomas
BACKGROUND: In 2010, the "Tackling Suicide on the Railways" programme was launched as a joint initiative among Network Rail, the Samaritans and other key organisations such as the British Transport Police and train operators to achieve a 20% reduction in railway suicides from 2010 to 2015 in Great Britain. We report the most recent age and sex specific trends in railway suicide in England and Wales from 2000 to 2013 and examine whether the initiative's target reduction in railway suicides is likely to be achieved...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26913063/road-traffic-fatalities-in-selected-governorates-of-iraq-from-2010-to-2013-prospective-surveillance
#20
Eva Leidman, Maret Maliniak, Abdul-Salam Saleh Sultan, Ahmed Hassan, Syed Jaffar Hussain, Oleg O Bilukha
BACKGROUND: The insurgency tactics that characterize modern warfare, such as suicide car bombs and roadside bombs, have the potential to significantly impact road traffic injuries in conflict affected-countries. As road traffic incidents are one of the top ten causes of death in Iraq, changes in incidence have important implications for the health system. We aimed to describe patterns of road traffic fatalities for all demographic groups and types of road users in Iraq during a period characterized by a resurgence in insurgency activity...
2016: Conflict and Health
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