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Isabella E Romero, Nasreen Toorabally, Danielle Burchett, Anthony M Tarescavage, David M Glassmire
Contemporary models of psychopathology-encompassing internalizing, externalizing, and thought dysfunction factors-have gained significant support. Although research indicates the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF; Ben-Porath & Tellegen, 2008 /2011) measures these domains of psychopathology, this study addresses extant limitations in MMPI-2-RF diagnostic validity research by examining associations between all MMPI-2-RF substantive scales and broad dichotomous indicators of internalizing, externalizing, and thought dysfunction diagnoses in a sample of 1,110 forensic inpatients...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Personality Assessment
Chia-Jung Lin, Chia-Kuei Lee, Mei-Chih Huang
BACKGROUND: Few articles in the literature identify and describe the instruments that are regularly used by scholars to measure cultural competence in healthcare providers. PURPOSE: This study reviews the psychometric properties of the several instruments that are used regularly to assess the cultural competence of healthcare providers. METHODS: Researchers conducted a systematic review of the relevant articles that were published between 1983 and 2013 and listed on academic and government Web sites or on one or more of the following databases: CINAHL, MEDLINE, ERIC, PsycINFO, Psyc ARTICLES, PubMed, Cochrane, Pro Quest, Google Scholar, CNKI (China), and the National Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations (Taiwan)...
June 15, 2016: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
Odunaiya Nse, Louw Quinette, Ogah Okechukwu
BACKGROUND: Well developed and validated lifestyle cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors questionnaires is the key to obtaining accurate information to enable planning of CVD prevention program which is a necessity in developing countries. We conducted this review to assess methods and processes used for development and content validation of lifestyle CVD risk factors questionnaires and possibly develop an evidence based guideline for development and content validation of lifestyle CVD risk factors questionnaires...
September 2015: African Health Sciences
Marita Bengtsson, Alison K Godbolt
OBJECTIVE: To undertake a systematic review of the evidence for the effect of acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (AChEIs) on cognition late after moderate or severe traumatic brain injury. BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment after traumatic brain injury has significant consequences for the individual and society. Cholinergic pathways play an important role in cognitive processing and a hypocholinergic state exists in the chronic phases after traumatic brain injury. AChEIs are already used off-label to treat patients with traumatic brain injury...
January 2016: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Rosemin Kassam, John B Collins, Eric Liow, Nabeela Rasool
In accordance with international targets, the Uganda National Malaria Control Strategic Plan established specific targets to be achieved by 2010. For children under five, this included increasing the number of children sleeping under mosquito nets and those receiving a first-line antimalarial to 85%, and decreasing case fatality to 2%. This narrative review offers contextual information relevant to malaria management in Uganda since the advent of artemisinin combination therapy (ACT) as first-line antimalarial treatment in 2004...
December 2015: Acta Tropica
Kaila R Norman, Wendy K Silverman, Eli R Lebowitz
TOPIC: Anxiety disorders are the most common mental health concern for youth. Unfortunately, a substantial number of children and adolescents do not respond positively to current evidence-based interventions and/or relapse. As pediatric anxiety disorders are fundamentally a systemic phenomenon, focusing on the ways in which parents become involved in their children's anxiety symptoms may be a promising alternative approach to treatment. PURPOSE: To inform psychiatric mental health nurse practitioners (PMHNPs) about the phenomenology, associated neurobiology, and assessment of family accommodation (FA) as well as clinical interventions targeting FA...
August 2015: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
Ji Young Choi, Young Min Choi, Bongseog Kim, Dong Woo Lee, Min Sook Gim, Soo Hyun Park
The present study examined the role of posttraumatic stress symptoms in the relationship between childhood abuse and self-reported psychotic symptoms in severe mental illness. A total of 126 patients diagnosed with major psychiatric conditions with comorbid symptoms of psychosis participated in the present study. The representative psychiatric diagnoses included schizophrenia, bipolar disorder with psychotic features, major depressive disorder with psychotic features, schizoaffective disorder, schizophreniform disorder, and delusional disorder...
September 30, 2015: Psychiatry Research
Sarah B Anderson, Ann M Guthery
TOPIC: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) affects more than 5 million American children; the likelihood of their parents experiencing stress is high, which may lead to negative outcomes. Mindful parenting is a parent training modality that teaches compassion, listening, and creative engagement with one's child, and has been shown to be effective in decreasing levels of parental stress. PURPOSE: An 8-week evidence-based applied clinical project (N = 7) was designed to answer the question: In parents of children with the diagnosis of ADHD, or exhibiting ADHD traits, what is the effect of providing mindful parenting psychoeducation in addition to standard of care treatment on levels of parental stress post intervention? SOURCES USED: An exhaustive literature search was performed using the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, the Cochrane Library, Psyc-INFO, and PubMed...
February 2015: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
Sanjeev Davey, Anuradha Davey
There is a considerable debate on addiction and abuse to Smartphone among adolescents and its consequent impact on their health; not only in a global context, but also specifically in the Indian population; considering that Smartphone's, globally occupy more than 50% of mobile phones market and more precise quantification of the associated problems is important to facilitate understanding in this field. As per PRISMA (2009) guidelines, extensive search of various studies in any form from a global scale to the more narrow Indian context using two key search words: "Smartphone's addiction" and "Indian adolescents" was done using websites of EMBASE, MEDLINE, PubMed, Global Health, Psyc-INFO, Biomed-Central, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, world library - World-Cat, Indian libraries such as National Medical Library of India from 1 January, 1995 to March 31, 2014 first for systematic-review...
December 2014: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Cindy F Bello-Utu, Janiece E DeSocio
TOPIC: Child coping with parent military deployment and family reintegration. PURPOSE: A systematic review of research literature was conducted to examine the effects of deployment and family reintegration on children in military families. SOURCES USED: A search of CINAHL, PubMed, Psyc-INFO, and SocINDEX databases was performed using the terms "military family," "military child," "child coping," "deployment," and "reintegration." The search was limited to publications between 2001 and 2014 to focus on the effects of Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF), Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF), and Operation New Dawn (OND)...
February 2015: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
Cynthia P Paidipati, Janet A Deatrick
TOPIC: Previous research suggests that families are integral to the understanding of children and adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to identify family phenomena related to children and adolescents with ADHD and highlight research findings that intersect family phenomena with the care and treatment of ADHD in youth. SOURCES: A literature review was conducted at the University of Pennsylvania in spring of 2014 using an online library system...
February 2015: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
Amy E Gillis, Marie C Morris, Paul F Ridgway
INTRODUCTION: Communication breakdown is a factor in the majority of all instances of medical error. Despite the importance, a relative paucity of time is invested in communication skills in postgraduate curricula. Our objective is to systematically review the literature to identify the current tools used to assess communication skills in postgraduate trainees in the latter 2 years of training and in established practice. METHODS: Two reviewers independently reviewed the literature identifying communication skill assessment tools, for postgraduate trainees in the latter 2 years of training and in established practice following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses framework, and inclusion/exclusion criteria from January 1990 to 15 August 2014...
January 2015: Postgraduate Medical Journal
Marie-Clare Balaam
AIM: To report an analysis of the concept of befriending. BACKGROUND: Befriending is an intervention used in a range of nursing, health and social care settings to provide support for individuals who are socially isolated or lack social support. However, in many cases befriending and its impact remains poorly understood and under researched. Concept analysis provides clarification of the concept and basis for further research and development. DESIGN: Concept analysis...
January 2015: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Cathrine L Wimmelmann, Evelyn Smith, Michael T Lund, Merethe Hansen, Flemming Dela, Erik L Mortensen
BACKGROUND: Some bariatric patients are referred for surgery with a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes while others are referred without co-morbid diabetes, but psychological differences between patients with and without type 2 diabetes undergoing bariatric surgery have not yet been investigated. The objective of this study was to present the baseline results of the longitudinal GASMITO-PSYC study, and to evaluate the psychological differences between bariatric patients with and without type 2 diabetes...
March 2015: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Trina C Salm Ward
Mother-infant bed-sharing has been a common practice for centuries. Understanding the reasons parents choose to bed-share can help tailor safe sleep education. The purpose of this article was to systematically review the international literature on: (1) reasons parents bed-share, (2) the cultural context of bed-sharing, and (3) implications for interventions and future research. The search occurred August-September 2013 via PubMed, CINAHL, and Psyc INFO using the terms: "infant," "sleep," "bed shar*," "co sleep*," "sleep location," "sleep practices," and "sleep arrangements," alone or in combination...
March 2015: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Siti Nurliyana Abdullah, Gordon F Sanderson, Andrew C James, Vaegan, Ted Maddess
PURPOSE: We compared the diagnostic power of electrophysiologically and psychophysically measured contrast thresholds for the diagnosis of glaucoma. Additionally, we investigated whether combining results from the two methods improved diagnostic power. METHODS: Seven-eight subjects between 40 and 88 years formed the main study group: 21 normal controls (9 males) and 57 glaucoma patients (30 males) were tested. Twenty-two younger control subjects were also tested...
April 2014: Documenta Ophthalmologica. Advances in Ophthalmology
Maha Albdour, Helene J Krouse
TOPIC: Bullying among African American adolescents. PURPOSE: This article reviews the current literature on bullying and victimization among African American adolescents. It highlights bullying and violence disparity among African American adolescents, associated risk and protective factors, and effects of bullying on adolescent health. SOURCES USED: Twenty-three English language peer-reviewed articles from CINAHL, Pubmed, and Psyc-INFO databases...
May 2014: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
J A Halliday, C L Palma, D Mellor, J Green, A M N Renzaho
There is mounting evidence that family functioning is linked to childhood overweight and obesity, and that both of these are associated with health-related behaviours and adverse health outcomes in children and adolescents. This paper systematically examines the peer-reviewed evidence regarding the relationship between child and adolescent overweight and obesity and family functioning. Peer-reviewed literature published between 1990 and 2011 hosted in Scopus, Pub Med or Psyc INFO were searched, in addition to the reference lists of included papers...
April 2014: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Jeff C Huffman, Scott R Beach, Laura Suarez, Carol A Mastromauro, Christina M DuBois, Christopher M Celano, Bruce L Rollman, James L Januzzi
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety in cardiac patients are independently associated with adverse cardiovascular outcomes, including mortality. Collaborative care (CC) programs, which use care managers to assess patients, coordinate care, and perform therapeutic interventions, have proven effective in managing depression in this population. However, no prior CC intervention has simultaneously managed depression and anxiety disorders, and there has been minimal study of CC in high-risk cardiac inpatients...
November 2013: Contemporary Clinical Trials
Jens E Jansen, Paul H Lysaker, Susanne Harder, Ulrik H Haahr, Hanne-Grethe Lyse, Marlene B Pedersen, Anne M Trauelsen, Erik Simonsen
OBJECTIVES: While caregivers of persons with first-episode psychosis often report a range of negative experiences, little is known about what psychological factors are involved. The aim of this study was to examine how caregivers' general wellbeing, emotional overinvolvement and metacognition influenced their reports of both positive and negative caregiving experiences. DESIGN: A prospective consecutive cross-sectional study. METHODS: Forty caregivers of patients with first-episode psychosis were interviewed using semi-structured interview and questionnaires...
September 2014: Psychology and Psychotherapy
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