keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Very low carbohydrate

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340150/xylose-absorption-fermentation-and-post-absorptive-metabolism-in-the-pig
#1
REVIEW
Nichole F Huntley, John F Patience
Xylose, as β-1,4-linked xylan, makes up much of the hemicellulose in cell walls of cereal carbohydrates fed to pigs. As inclusion of fibrous ingredients in swine diets continues to increase, supplementation of carbohydrases, such as xylanase, is of interest. However, much progress is warranted to achieve consistent enzyme efficacy, including an improved understanding of the utilization and energetic contribution of xylanase hydrolysis product (i.e. xylooligosaccharides or monomeric xylose). This review examines reports on xylose absorption and metabolism in the pig and identifies gaps in this knowledge that are essential to understanding the value of carbohydrase hydrolysis products in the nutrition of the pig...
2018: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306619/comparative-study-between-conventional-fasting-versus-overnight-infusion-of-lipid-or-carbohydrate-on-insulin-and-free-fatty-acids-in-obese-patients-undergoing-elective-on-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-a-prospective-randomized-trial
#2
Hisham Hosny, Mohamed Ibrahim, Wael El-Siory, Amr Abdel-Monem
OBJECTIVES: Postoperative insulin resistance represents a major component of postoperative metabolic disorder. The authors compared the effects of preoperative infusion of lipid emulsion or carbohydrate to conventional preoperative fasting on postoperative insulin and free fatty acid (FFA) levels. DESIGN: A prospective randomized double-blinded study. SETTINGS: Tertiary university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-three patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306415/revealing-cooperative-binding-of-polycationic-cyclodextrins-with-dna-oligomers-by-capillary-electrophoresis-coupled-to-mass-spectrometry
#3
Cédric Przybylski, Juan M Benito, Véronique Bonnet, Carmen Ortiz Mellet, José M García Fernández
Gene delivery is critical for the development of nucleic acid-based therapies against a range of severe diseases. The conception of non-viral (semi)synthetic vectors with low cytotoxicity and virus-like efficiency is gathering a lot of efforts, but it represents a fantastic challenge still far from accomplishment. Carbohydrate-based scaffolds offer interesting features towards this end, such as easy availability, relatively cheap cost, tuning properties and a good biocompatibility. The lack of analytical methods providing quantitative and qualitative data on their binding properties with oligonucleotides (DNA/RNA), with a minimal time and sample consumption, represents a limitation for these channels...
March 9, 2018: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281655/evidence-supporting-oral-sensitivity-to-complex-carbohydrates-independent-of-sweet-taste-sensitivity-in-humans
#4
Julia Y Q Low, Kathleen E Lacy, Robert L McBride, Russell S J Keast
Compared to simple sugars, complex carbohydrates have been assumed invisible to taste. However, two recent studies proposed that there may be a perceivable taste quality elicited by complex carbohydrates independent of sweet taste. There is precedent with behavioural studies demonstrating that rats are very attracted to complex carbohydrates, and that complex carbohydrates are preferred to simple sugars at low concentrations. This suggests that rats may have independent taste sensors for simple sugars and complex carbohydrates...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277643/revealing-critical-mechanisms-of-br-mediated-apple-nursery-tree-growth-using-itraq-based-proteomic-analysis
#5
Liwei Zheng, Juanjuan Ma, Lizhi Zhang, Cai Gao, Dong Zhang, Caiping Zhao, Mingyu Han
Brassinosteroid is identified as an important hormone. However, information about brassinosteroid has not been fully elucidated, and few studies concerned its role in apple. The aim of this work was to study the role of brassinosteroid for apple tree growth. In our study, the effect of brassinosteroid on apple nursery tree was analyzed. The biomass, cell size and xylem content of apple nursery tree were obviously evaluated by brassinosteroid treatment; mineral elements contents, photosynthesis indexes, carbohydrate level and hormone contents were significantly high in brassinosteroid treated trees...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251249/cultivation-of-different-microalgae-with-pentose-as-carbon-source-and-the-effects-on-the-carbohydrate-content
#6
Bárbara Catarina Bastos de Freitas, Eduarda Holz Brächer, Etiele Greque de Morais, Daniel Ibraim Pires Atala, Michele Greque de Morais, Jorge Alberto Vieira Costa
New strategies for reformulating species-specific culture media are of great interest to increase the productivity of microalgae. In the search for alternative carbon sources for microalgae cultivation, pentoses can be considered interesting alternatives since the most abundant global source of renewable biomass is lignocellulosic waste, which contains significant quantities of pentoses. However, the use of pentoses (C5) in the cultivation of microalgae is still not widely studied and only recently the first metabolic pathway for pentose absorption in microalgae was proposed, so the numbers of works that exploring this subject is still very low...
December 18, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210563/thermally-responsive-capillary-suspensions
#7
Anupam A K Das, Timothy S Dunstan, Simeon D Stoyanov, Pierre Starck, Vesselin N Paunov
We demonstrate that stimulus-responsive capillary-structured materials can be formed from hydrophobized calcium carbonate particles suspended in a non-polar phase (silicone oil) and bridged by very small amounts of a hydrogel as the secondary aqueous phase. Inclusion of thermally responsive polymers into the aqueous phase yielded a capillary-structured suspension whose rheology is controlled by a change in temperature and can increase its complex modulus by several orders of magnitude because of the gelation of the capillary bridges between the solid particles...
December 6, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202734/a-tandem-cbm25-domain-of-%C3%AE-amylase-from-microbacterium-aurum-as-potential-tool-for-targeting-proteins-to-starch-granules-during-starch-biosynthesis
#8
Xing-Feng Huang, Farhad Nazarian, Jean-Paul Vincken, Richard G F Visser, Luisa M Trindade
BACKGROUND: Starch-binding domains from carbohydrate binding module family 20 have been used as a tool for starch engineering. Previous studies showed that expression of starch binding domain fusion proteins in planta resulted in modified starch granule structures and physicochemical properties. However, although 13 carbohydrate binding module families have been reported to contain starch-binding domains, only starch-binding domains from carbohydrate binding module family 20 have been well studied and introduced into plants successfully...
December 4, 2017: BMC Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181545/non-celiac-gluten-sensitivity-people-without-celiac-disease-avoiding-gluten-is-it-due-to-histamine-intolerance
#9
REVIEW
Wolfgang J Schnedl, Sonja Lackner, Dietmar Enko, Michael Schenk, Harald Mangge, Sandra J Holasek
INTRODUCTION: Food intolerance/malabsorption is caused by food ingredients, carbohydrates (mainly lactose and fructose), proteins (gluten), and biogenic amines (histamine) which cause nonspecific gastrointestinal and extra-intestinal symptoms. Here we focus on possible etiologic factors of intolerance/malabsorption especially in people with non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS) or the so-called people without celiac disease avoiding gluten (PWCDAG) and histamine intolerance. METHODS: Recognizing the recently described symptoms of NCGS (PWCDAG) we review correlations and parallels to histamine intolerance (HIT)...
November 27, 2017: Inflammation Research: Official Journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177752/bacterial-shifts-in-nutrient-solutions-flowing-through-biofilters-used-in-tomato-soilless-culture
#10
David Renault, Franck Déniel, Jessica Vallance, Emilie Bruez, Jean-Jacques Godon, Patrice Rey
In soilless culture, slow filtration is used to eliminate plant pathogenic microorganisms from nutrient solutions. The present study focused on the characterization and the potential functions of microbial communities colonizing the nutrient solutions recycled on slow filters during a whole cultivation season of 7 months in a tomato growing system. Bacterial microflora colonizing the solutions before and after they flew through the columns were studied. Two filters were amended with Pseudomonas putida (P-filter) or Bacillus cereus strains (B-filter), and a third filter was a control (C-filter)...
November 25, 2017: Microbial Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150275/ketogenic-diet-and-anorexia-nervosa
#11
Barbara Scolnick
This hypothesis suggest that starvation-induced ketosis, which leads to a fundamental biochemical change in the metabolic fuel supply of the brain, is uniquely anxiolytic and rewarding to patients prone to AN. Ketosis can easily be replicated by a unique diet marked by high fat, moderate protein, and very low carbohydrate. This diet, known as a ketogenic diet (KGD) mimics starvation, thus allowing the patient to experience the anxiolytic state of ketosis, and yet avoid the morbidity of starvation.
November 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121861/transcriptomics-metabolomics-and-histology-indicate-that-high-carbohydrate-diet-negatively-affects-the-liver-health-of-blunt-snout-bream-megalobrama-amblycephala
#12
Wassana Prisingkorn, Panita Prathomya, Ivan Jakovlić, Han Liu, Yu-Hua Zhao, Wei-Min Wang
BACKGROUND: Global trend of the introduction of high levels of relatively cheap carbohydrates to reduce the amount of costly protein in the aquatic animal feed production has affected the aquaculture of an economically important cyprinid fish, blunt snout bream (Megalobrama amblycephala). This dietary shift has resulted in increased prevalence of metabolic disorders, often causing economic losses. High dietary intake of carbohydrates, associated with obesity, is one of the major causes of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in humans...
November 9, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107216/pharmacological-effects-and-potential-therapeutic-targets-of-dt-13
#13
REVIEW
Ghulam Jilany Khan, Mohsin Rizwan, Muhammad Abbas, Muhammad Naveed, Yu Boyang, Muhammad Ahsan Naeem, Sara Khan, Shengtao Yuan, Mirza Muhammad Faran Ashraf Baig, Li Sun
DT-13 is an isolated compound from Dwarf lillytruf tuber and currently among active research drugs by National Natural Science foundation of China for its several potential effects. The drug has been reported for its multiple pharmacological actions however no thorough review studies are available on it. Our present study is highlighting the pros and cons of DT-13 focusing on its potential pharmacological actions, therapeutic utilization and further exploration for novel targets. The drug possesses very low toxicity profile, quick onset and long duration of action with slow elimination that combinely makes it favorable for the clinical studies...
October 28, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051653/effect-of-genotypes-and-growth-locations-on-composition-and-functional-properties-of-amadumbe-flours
#14
B Mawoyo, P Adebola, Abe S Gerrano, E O Amonsou
Amadumbe, known as taro is a traditional crop mainly grown for subsistence in Southern Africa. In this study, chemical composition and functional properties of nine amadumbe genotypes grown at two distinct locations were investigated. Carbohydrate contents (73-81%) of amadumbe genotypes were substantially high and varied with growth location. Protein contents ranged from 8-12% and fat was very low (less 1%) in all genotypes. Major minerals in flours were K, P, Mg and Ca, but these were present at varying levels depending on growth locations...
October 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040771/contrasting-ecophysiological-strategies-related-to-drought-the-case-of-a-mixed-stand-of-scots-pine-pinus-sylvestris-and-a-submediterranean-oak-quercus-subpyrenaica
#15
Paula Martín-Gómez, Mònica Aguilera, Jesús Pemán, Eustaquio Gil-Pelegrín, Juan Pedro Ferrio
Submediterranean forests are considered an ecotone between Mediterranean and Eurosiberian ecosystems, and are very sensitive to global change. A decline of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and a related expansion of oak species (Quercus spp.) have been reported in the Spanish Pre-Pyrenees. Although this has been associated with increasing drought stress, the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood, and suitable monitoring protocols are lacking. The aim of this study is to bring insight into the physiological mechanisms anticipating selective decline of the pines, with particular focus on carbon and water relations...
October 13, 2017: Tree Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033897/evaluation-of-cardiometabolic-parameters-among-obese-women-using-oral-contraceptives
#16
Júnia Raquel Dutra Ferreira, Milena Magalhães Aleluia, Camylla Vilas Boas Figueiredo, Larissa Castro de Lima Vieira, Rayra Pereira Santiago, Caroline Conceição da Guarda, Cynara Gomes Barbosa, Ricardo Riccio Oliveira, Elisângela Vitória Adorno, Marilda de Souza Gonçalves
BACKGROUND: Combined oral contraceptive (COC) use has been associated with an unfavorable impact on carbohydrate and lipid metabolism in diverse populations of normal weight and obese women. The present study aimed to evaluate the cardiometabolic and inflammatory profiles of women in northeastern Brazil with respect to COC use and obesity. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study to verify cardiovascular parameters, including blood pressure (BP), fasting serum glucose, lipid, and inflammatory profile, in a population of women aged 15-45 years, considering obesity and COC use...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976929/simple-vs-complex-carbohydrate-dietary-patterns-and-the-global-overweight-and-obesity-pandemic
#17
Fabrizio Ferretti, Michele Mariani
Nowadays, obesity and being overweight are among the major global health concerns. Many, diet-related diseases impose high tangible and intangible costs, and threaten the sustainability of health-care systems worldwide. In this study, we model, at the macroeconomic level, the impact of energy intake from different types of carbohydrates on the population's BMI (body mass index). We proceed in three steps. First, we develop a framework to analyse both the consumption choices between simple and complex carbohydrates and the effects of these choices on people health conditions...
October 4, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973394/synthesis-and-characterization-of-heparosan-granulocyte-colony-stimulating-factor-conjugates-a-natural-sugar-based-drug-delivery-system-to-treat-neutropenia
#18
Wei Jing, Jonathan W Roberts, Dixy E Green, Andrew Almond, Paul L DeAngelis
Many injectable drugs require delivery strategies for enhancing their pharmacokinetics due to rapid loss via renal filtration if possess low molecular weight (<60-70 kDa) and/or clearance by the body's components (e.g., proteases, antibodies, high-efficiency receptors) in their native form. FDA-approved polyethylene glycol [PEG] is a vehicle for improving therapeutics, but artificial polymers have potential biocompatibility and immunogenicity liabilities. Here we utilized a natural vertebrate carbohydrate, heparosan [HEP], the biosynthetic precursor of heparan sulfate and heparin, to enhance performance of a biologic drug...
August 23, 2017: Glycobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969805/characterization-of-the-functional-interactions-of-plastidial-starch-phosphorylase-and-starch-branching-enzymes-from-rice-endosperm-during-reserve-starch-biosynthesis
#19
Yasunori Nakamura, Masami Ono, Takayuki Sawada, Naoko Crofts, Naoko Fujita, Martin Steup
Functional interactions of plastidial phosphorylase (Pho1) and starch branching enzymes (BEs) from the developing rice endosperm are the focus of this study. In the presence of both Pho1 and BE, the same branched primer molecule is elongated and further branched almost simultaneously even at very low glucan concentrations present in the purified enzyme preparations. By contrast, in the absence of any BE, glucans are not, to any significant extent, elongated by Pho1. Based on our in vitro data, in the developing rice endosperm, Pho1 appears to be weakly associated with any of the BE isozymes...
November 2017: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957424/nutrition-after-preterm-birth-and-adult-neurocognitive-outcomes
#20
Sara Sammallahti, Eero Kajantie, Hanna-Maria Matinolli, Riikka Pyhälä, Jari Lahti, Kati Heinonen, Marius Lahti, Anu-Katriina Pesonen, Johan G Eriksson, Petteri Hovi, Anna-Liisa Järvenpää, Sture Andersson, Katri Raikkonen
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth (<37 gestational weeks) poses a risk of poorer neurocognitive functioning. Faster growth after preterm birth predicts better cognitive abilities and can be promoted through adequate nutrition, but it remains unknown whether variations in nutrient intakes translate into long-term benefits for neurodevelopment. METHODS: In 86 participants of the Helsinki Study of Very Low Birth Weight Adults (birthweight <1500g), we examined if higher intakes of energy, macronutrients, and human milk during the first nine weeks after preterm birth predict performance in tests of cognitive ability at 25...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
78259
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"