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rehabilitation oncology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771474/neurocog-fx-study-a-multicenter-cohort-study-on-cognitive-dysfunction-in-patients-with-early-breast-cancer
#1
Oliver Rick, Monika Reuß-Borst, Timm Dauelsberg, Holger Hass, Volker König, Reiner Caspari, Gabriele Götz-Keil, Jürgen Pfitzner, Christa Kerschgens, Klaus Fliessbach, Christian Hoppe
OBJECTIVE: Complaints about cognitive dysfunction (CD) reportedly persist in approximately one third of breast cancer patients but the nature of CD and possible risk factors are unknown. METHODS: A cross-sectional, multicenter study was set-up at 9 German oncological rehabilitation centers. Objective cognitive performance was assessed by the NeuroCog FX test, a short computerized screening (duration <30 min) which assesses working memory, alertness, verbal/figural memory and language/executive...
May 17, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745361/a-window-beneath-the-skin-how-computed-tomography-assessment-of-body-composition-can-assist-in-the-identification-of-hidden-wasting-conditions-in-oncology-that-profoundly-impact-outcomes
#2
L E Daly, C M Prado, A M Ryan
Advancements in image-based technologies and body composition research over the past decade has led to increased understanding of the importance of muscle abnormalities, such as low muscle mass (sarcopenia), and more recently low muscle attenuation (MA), as important prognostic indicators of unfavourable outcomes in patients with cancer. Muscle abnormalities can be highly prevalent in patients with cancer (ranging between 10 and 90 %), depending on the cohort under investigation and diagnostic criteria used...
May 2018: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743054/australian-integrative-oncology-services-a-mixed-method-study-exploring-the-views-of-cancer-survivors
#3
Jennifer Hunter, Jane Ussher, Chloe Parton, Andrew Kellett, Caroline Smith, Geoff Delaney, Eleanor Oyston
BACKGROUND: The significant use of traditional and complementary medicine (T&CM) by cancer survivors is well documented. The aim of this study was to explore cancer survivors' views on integrating T&CM services with conventional cancer care. METHOD: A mixed-method study design with an emphasis on qualitative methodology was used to conduct and analyse four focus group interviews and an on-line survey. Purposive sampling recruited 33 cancer survivors and caregivers from Arabic, Vietnamese, Chinese and Anglo-European Australian backgrounds who participated in one of four focus group interviews, and 121 cancer survivors who responded to an on-line survey...
May 9, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737478/long-term-improvement-of-the-bio-psycho-social-state-of-cancer-patients-after-3-weeks-of-inpatient-oncological-rehabilitation-a-long-term-study-at-the-humanomed-zentrum-althofen
#4
Johann Klocker, Ursula Klocker-Kaiser, Wolfgang Pipam, Dietmar Geissler
A 3-week cancer rehabilitation program was conducted at the Humanomed Zentrum Althofen, comprising therapy of organic defects, lifestyle modification, and psycho-social support. Therapeutic efficacy was assessed in comprehensive surveys before and after the therapy, and after 6 and 12 months. The study covers a 5-year period with data from 3233 patients. Parameters of subjective health assessed according to the European Quality of Life - 5 Dimensions (EuroQol EQ-5D) standard and signifying quality of life showed significant improvement both immediately after the therapy, and after 6 and 12 months...
May 8, 2018: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719431/connecting-people-with-cancer-to-physical-activity-and-exercise-programs-a-pathway-to-create-accessibility-and-engagement
#5
D Santa Mina, C M Sabiston, D Au, A J Fong, L C Capozzi, D Langelier, M Chasen, J Chiarotto, J R Tomasone, J M Jones, E Chang, S N Culos-Reed
Recent guidelines concerning exercise for people with cancer provide evidence-based direction for exercise assessment and prescription for clinicians and their patients. Although the guidelines promote exercise integration into clinical care for people with cancer, they do not support strategies for bridging the guidelines with related resources or programs. Exercise program accessibility remains a challenge in implementing the guidelines, but that challenge might be mitigated with conceptual frameworks ("pathways") that connect patients with exercise-related resources...
April 2018: Current Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703097/the-sex-life-of-women-surviving-breast-cancer
#6
Anna Ghizzani, Simone Bruni, Stefano Luisi
The diagnosis of breast cancer elicits diverse emotional responses in patients and partners. Surviving cancer has raised new needs and caretakers must understand the medical and psychological latent effects of oncology therapy. Improving patients' well-being is crucial as 19 million survivors are expected in the next decade in the United States alone. In general, sexuality contributes to one's well-being but when it is disrupted by the occurrence of cancer, women withdraw emotionally, no longer feel desirable due to esthetic damage, and become overwhelmed by the thought of sex...
April 27, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683834/the-effect-of-preoperative-exercise-on-upper-extremity-recovery-following-breast-cancer-surgery-a-systematic-review
#7
Ajax Yang, Jonas Sokolof, Amitabh Gulati
Prehabilitation benefits among patients undergoing various oncological surgeries have been demonstrated. However, the effects of presurgical exercise and fitness on postoperative ipsilateral upper extremity recovery outcomes in patients with breast cancer surgery are less evident. A systematic review was performed to assess the effects of preoperative exercise and fitness on postmastectomy recovery. Systematic literature search was performed in 12 electronic databases. Study eligibility was accessed using the PICOS (Participants, Interventions, Comparison, Outcome and Study Design) criteria...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674733/the-use-of-dental-implants-cast-bars-and-sleeve-overdentures-in-oral-cancer-patients
#8
R Ali, A Al-Khayatt, C Barclay
Surgical resection of an oral tumour (and the associated free flap reconstruction) can significantly alter the oral anatomy. The lack of sulcus depth, alveolar ridge, presence of a mobile flap and limited tongue movement can make it impossible for patients to control a removable prosthesis. To help this cohort of patients, dental implants can be invaluable. The Oral Rehabilitation Team at Central Manchester University Dental Hospital have used dental implants to rehabilitate oral cancer patients for over thirty years...
April 27, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614246/recurring-outbreaks-caused-by-the-same-salmonella-infantis-clone-in-a-german-rehabilitation-oncology-clinic-over-at-least-2002-to-2009
#9
T Miller, S Brockmann, M Spackova, J Wetzig, C Frank, Y Pfeifer, P G Braun, R Prager, W Rabsch
BACKGROUND: In a rehabilitation clinic in Germany repeated outbreaks of salmonellosis caused by Salmonella Infantis were microbiologically investigated from August 2002 to August 2009. AIM: To identify the sources of transmission and characterize the S. Infantis isolates. METHODS: Associated with these outbreaks, isolates from 98 patients, two kitchen employees, five food samples, four swabs of kitchen facilities, three samples of chicken faeces, and one from sewage water were evaluated by phage typing...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602261/post-acute-care-use-after-major-head-and-neck-oncologic-surgery-with-microvascular-reconstruction
#10
Harman S Parhar, Brent A Chang, J Scott Durham, Donald W Anderson, Richard E Hayden, Eitan Prisman
OBJECTIVES: Post-acute care (PAC) centers, such as skilled nursing facilities, unskilled nursing facilities, lower acuity hospitals, and rehabilitation centers, serve to optimize recovery after acute care hospitalization. We aimed to identify factors associated with PAC utilization among patients undergoing head and neck cancer surgery with microvascular reconstruction because it may be helpful for patient decision making, discharge planning, and resource allocation. METHODS: Retrospective linked analysis of the 2011 to 2015 National Surgical Quality Improvement Program...
March 30, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550294/registered-nurses-communication-about-patients-use-of-complementary-therapies-a-national-survey
#11
Helen Hall, Matthew J Leach, Caragh Brosnan, Robyn Cant, Melissa Collins
OBJECTIVE: To identify communication patterns of Registered Nurses regarding patients' use of complementary therapies. METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey conducted in 2017 recruited Australian Registered Nurses working in any area of nursing. RESULTS: Responses of 614 Registered Nurses were analysed. Patient-initiated discussion of complementary therapies were common for 77% of nurses; nurse-initiated discussions were perceived by 73% (sometimes/almost always/always)...
March 7, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516904/adjuvant-therapy-for-intra-oral-surgical-oncological-defect-with-ancillary-prosthesis-a-literature-review
#12
REVIEW
S C Ahila, S K Jagdish
The role of a maxillofacial prosthodontist in the treatment of facial defects cannot be underestimated. A multidisciplinary approach is required during the rehabilitation procedure to bring out effective results. Ancillary maxillofacial prostheses limit the patient's disability and improve function. These prostheses are inevitable in restoring the function, esthetics, general, and psychological health of the patients. This article reviews the various ancillary-maxillofacial prostheses and throws light on their historical development...
January 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29508213/sexual-function-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors-a-population-based-study
#13
Maria Olsson, Gunnar Steineck, Karin Enskär, Ulrica Wilderäng, Marianne Jarfelt
PURPOSE: Previous research has established that treatments for cancer can result in short- and long-term effects on sexual function in adult cancer patients. The purpose was to investigate patient-reported physical and psychosexual complications in adolescents and young adults after they have undergone treatment for cancer. METHODS: In this population-based study, a study-specific questionnaire was developed by a method used in several previous investigations carried out by our research group, Clinical Cancer Epidemiology...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506496/extragonadal-germ-cell-tumor-of-the-posterior-mediastinum-in-a-child-complicated-with-spinal-cord-compression-a-case-report
#14
Dong Keon Yon, Tae Keun Ahn, Dong Eun Shin, Gwang Il Kim, Moon Kyu Kim
BACKGROUND: Germ cell tumors (GCTs) in children are rare neoplasms with diverse pathological findings according to the site and age of presentation. The most common symptoms in children with mediastinal GCTs, which are nonspecific, are dyspnea, chest pain, cough, hemoptysis, vena cava occlusion syndrome, and fatigue/weakness. Because of these nonspecific symptoms, it is difficult to suspect a mediastinal mass. A posterior mediastinal tumor causing spinal cord compression is an important example of an oncologic emergency arising from a neurogenic tumor...
March 5, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498563/pelvic-floor-outcomes-in-patients-who-have-undergone-general-rehabilitation-following-surgery-for-colorectal-cancer-a-pilot-study
#15
Kuan-Yin Lin, Linda Denehy, Catherine L Granger, Helena C Frawley
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of evidence on changes in pelvic floor outcomes in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) following general oncology rehabilitation. OBJECTIVE: In patients following surgery for CRC, to explore changes in pelvic floor muscle function before and after a general oncology rehabilitation program; and to compare pelvic floor symptoms in patients undergoing the rehabilitation program to a matched control group. METHODS: This pilot study was conducted as an observational study nested within a prospective study evaluating the feasibility of a general oncology rehabilitation program for patients following surgery for abdomino-pelvic cancer...
March 2, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493832/experiences-of-cancer-rehabilitation-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Pernilla Garmy, Liselotte Jakobsson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the cancer rehabilitation experiences of working-age cancer survivors. BACKGROUND: Cancer survivors have extremely complex needs, spanning physical, vocational, and sexual domains. Although cancer rehabilitation services have been found to eliminate or reduce these strains, these services are often underutilized. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study design was employed. METHODS: A survey of persons over the age of 18 with a cancer diagnosis, enrolled in the Social Insurance Agency in a municipality in southern Sweden (n =168, 68% women) was conducted...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474996/considerations-for-exercise-prescription-in-patients-with-bone-metastases-a-comprehensive-narrative-review
#17
REVIEW
Gráinne Sheill, Emer M Guinan, Nicola Peat, Juliette Hussey
Metastatic disease is a frequent complication of advanced cancer, with bone representing one of the most common sites of metastatic occurrence. Patients with bone metastases receive long-term systemic treatments that have a significant attritional impact on muscle strength, fatigue, and physical functioning. Physical rehabilitation involving exercise and physical activity prescription has a considerable role in counteracting these changes; however, exercise is often perceived as a contraindication in the presence of bone metastases due to concerns about aggravating skeletal related events...
February 21, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470184/impact-of-3d-virtual-planning-on-reconstruction-of-mandibular-and-maxillary-surgical-defects-in-head-and-neck-oncology
#18
Max J H Witjes, Rutger H Schepers, Joep Kraeima
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review describes the advances in 3D virtual planning for mandibular and maxillary reconstruction surgical defects with full prosthetic rehabilitation. The primary purpose is to provide an overview of various techniques that apply 3D technology safely in primary and secondary reconstructive cases of patients suffering from head and neck cancer. RECENT FINDINGS: Methods have been developed to overcome the problem of control over the margin during surgery while the crucial decision with regard to resection margin and planning of osteotomies were predetermined by virtual planning...
April 2018: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465436/orbital-exenteration-for-sinonasal-malignancies-indications-rehabilitation-and-oncologic-outcomes
#19
José G Vartanian, Ronaldo N Toledo, Thiago Bueno, Luiz P Kowalski
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Review the recent literature regarding the management of orbital invasion in sinonasal malignant tumors. RECENT FINDINGS: There is a recent trend in preserving the orbit in cases of minimal invasion of periosteum and limited periorbit involvement, as well as in presence of good response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy, mainly in squamous cell carcinoma and neuroendocrine histologies. SUMMARY: The decision about orbital exenteration in cases of sinonasal malignancies is facilitated if the patient already has clear clinical signs of intraconal invasion such as visual loss, restriction of ocular mobility or infiltration of the eyeglobe...
April 2018: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432221/reducing-morbidity-and-complications-after-major-head-and-neck-cancer-surgery-the-future-role-of-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-protocols
#20
Gerhard F Huber, Joseph C Dort
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the development and the benefits of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols in non-head and neck disciplines and to describe early implementation efforts in major head and neck surgeries. RECENT FINDINGS: Several groups have adopted ERAS protocols for major head and neck surgery and demonstrated its feasibility and effectiveness. SUMMARY: There is growing evidence that clinical and financial outcomes for patients undergoing major head and neck surgery rehabilitation can be significantly improved by standardizing preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative treatment protocols...
April 2018: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
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