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rehabilitation oncology

Helen Hall, Matthew J Leach, Caragh Brosnan, Robyn Cant, Melissa Collins
OBJECTIVE: To identify communication patterns of Registered Nurses regarding patients' use of complementary therapies. METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey conducted in 2017 recruited Australian Registered Nurses working in any area of nursing. RESULTS: Responses of 614 Registered Nurses were analysed. Patient-initiated discussion of complementary therapies were common for 77% of nurses; nurse-initiated discussions were perceived by 73% (sometimes/almost always/always)...
March 7, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
S C Ahila, S K Jagdish
The role of a maxillofacial prosthodontist in the treatment of facial defects cannot be underestimated. A multidisciplinary approach is required during the rehabilitation procedure to bring out effective results. Ancillary maxillofacial prostheses limit the patient's disability and improve function. These prostheses are inevitable in restoring the function, esthetics, general, and psychological health of the patients. This article reviews the various ancillary-maxillofacial prostheses and throws light on their historical development...
January 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
Maria Olsson, Gunnar Steineck, Karin Enskär, Ulrica Wilderäng, Marianne Jarfelt
PURPOSE: Previous research has established that treatments for cancer can result in short- and long-term effects on sexual function in adult cancer patients. The purpose was to investigate patient-reported physical and psychosexual complications in adolescents and young adults after they have undergone treatment for cancer. METHODS: In this population-based study, a study-specific questionnaire was developed by a method used in several previous investigations carried out by our research group, Clinical Cancer Epidemiology...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
Dong Keon Yon, Tae Keun Ahn, Dong Eun Shin, Gwang Il Kim, Moon Kyu Kim
BACKGROUND: Germ cell tumors (GCTs) in children are rare neoplasms with diverse pathological findings according to the site and age of presentation. The most common symptoms in children with mediastinal GCTs, which are nonspecific, are dyspnea, chest pain, cough, hemoptysis, vena cava occlusion syndrome, and fatigue/weakness. Because of these nonspecific symptoms, it is difficult to suspect a mediastinal mass. A posterior mediastinal tumor causing spinal cord compression is an important example of an oncologic emergency arising from a neurogenic tumor...
March 5, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
Kuan-Yin Lin, Linda Denehy, Catherine L Granger, Helena C Frawley
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of evidence on changes in pelvic floor outcomes in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) following general oncology rehabilitation. OBJECTIVE: In patients following surgery for CRC, to explore changes in pelvic floor muscle function before and after a general oncology rehabilitation program; and to compare pelvic floor symptoms in patients undergoing the rehabilitation program to a matched control group. METHODS: This pilot study was conducted as an observational study nested within a prospective study evaluating the feasibility of a general oncology rehabilitation program for patients following surgery for abdomino-pelvic cancer...
March 2, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Pernilla Garmy, Liselotte Jakobsson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the cancer rehabilitation experiences of working-age cancer survivors. BACKGROUND: Cancer survivors have extremely complex needs, spanning physical, vocational, and sexual domains. Although cancer rehabilitation services have been found to eliminate or reduce these strains, these services are often underutilized. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study design was employed. METHODS: A survey of persons over the age of 18 with a cancer diagnosis, enrolled in the Social Insurance Agency in a municipality in southern Sweden (n =168, 68% women) was conducted...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Gráinne Sheill, Emer M Guinan, Nicola Peat, Juliette Hussey
Metastatic disease is a frequent complication of advanced cancer, with bone representing one of the most common sites of metastatic occurrence. Patients with bone metastases receive long-term systemic treatments which have a significant attritional impact on muscle strength, fatigue and physical functioning. Physical rehabilitation involving exercise and physical activity prescription has a considerable role in counteracting these changes however exercise is often perceived as a contraindication in the presence of bone metastases due to concerns about aggravating skeletal related events...
February 20, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Max J H Witjes, Rutger H Schepers, Joep Kraeima
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review describes the advances in 3D virtual planning for mandibular and maxillary reconstruction surgical defects with full prosthetic rehabilitation. The primary purpose is to provide an overview of various techniques that apply 3D technology safely in primary and secondary reconstructive cases of patients suffering from head and neck cancer. RECENT FINDINGS: Methods have been developed to overcome the problem of control over the margin during surgery while the crucial decision with regard to resection margin and planning of osteotomies were predetermined by virtual planning...
April 2018: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
José G Vartanian, Ronaldo N Toledo, Thiago Bueno, Luiz P Kowalski
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Review the recent literature regarding the management of orbital invasion in sinonasal malignant tumors. RECENT FINDINGS: There is a recent trend in preserving the orbit in cases of minimal invasion of periosteum and limited periorbit involvement, as well as in presence of good response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy, mainly in squamous cell carcinoma and neuroendocrine histologies. SUMMARY: The decision about orbital exenteration in cases of sinonasal malignancies is facilitated if the patient already has clear clinical signs of intraconal invasion such as visual loss, restriction of ocular mobility or infiltration of the eyeglobe...
April 2018: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
Gerhard F Huber, Joseph C Dort
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the development and the benefits of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols in non-head and neck disciplines and to describe early implementation efforts in major head and neck surgeries. RECENT FINDINGS: Several groups have adopted ERAS protocols for major head and neck surgery and demonstrated its feasibility and effectiveness. SUMMARY: There is growing evidence that clinical and financial outcomes for patients undergoing major head and neck surgery rehabilitation can be significantly improved by standardizing preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative treatment protocols...
April 2018: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
L Tao, L Zhou, H T Wu, H L Gong, X L Chen, X M Li, C Li, J Zhou
Objective: To evaluate the oncologic and functional outcomes of supracricoid partial laryngectomy (SCPL) in the treatment of laryngeal carcinoma. Methods: A total of 298 laryngeal carcinoma patients who underwent SCPL treatment from January 2005 to December 2013 were reviewed retrospectively. Clinical data of demographic and clinical characteristics, postoperative complications, rehabilitation information, recurrence and metastasis were analysed. Survival and local control were used to evaluate the clinical outcome...
February 7, 2018: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
Frank Daniel Martos-Benítez, Anarelys Gutiérrez-Noyola, Andrés Soto-García, Iraida González-Martínez, Ilionanys Betancourt-Plaza
Nutritional depletion is commonly observed in patients undergoing surgical treatment for a gastrointestinal malignancy. An appropriate nutritional intervention could be associated with improved postoperative outcomes. The study was aimed to determine the effect of a program of gastrointestinal rehabilitation and early postoperative enteral nutrition upon complications and clinical outcomes in patients who experienced gastrointestinal surgery for cancer. This is a prospective study (2013 January-2015 December) of 465 consecutive patients submitted to gastrointestinal surgery for cancer and admitted to an Oncological Intensive Care Unit...
February 10, 2018: Updates in Surgery
Karin Piil, Mary Jarden
PURPOSE: The disease and treatment trajectory of patients with high-grade glioma is a burdensome period for the patients' closest relatives who become informal caregivers. Caregivers experiencing this demanding shift in role are at risk of developing symptoms such as depression. Few studies have explored the needs and experiences of bereaved caregivers, and there is lack of evidence-based practice. This study explores the perspectives of newly bereaved caregivers to patients with high-grade glioma on end-of-life caregiving and bereavement...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
Brittany Barber, Hadi Seikaly, K Ming Chan, Rhys Beaudry, Shannon Rychlik, Jaret Olson, Matthew Curran, Peter Dziegielewski, Vincent Biron, Jeffrey Harris, Margaret McNeely, Daniel O'Connell
BACKGROUND: Shoulder dysfunction is common after neck dissection for head and neck cancer (HNC). Brief electrical stimulation (BES) is a novel technique that has been shown to enhance neuronal regeneration after nerve injury by modulating the brain-derived neurotrophic growth factor (BDNF) pathways. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of BES on postoperative shoulder function following oncologic neck dissection. METHODS: Adult participants with a new diagnosis of HNC undergoing Level IIb +/- V neck dissection were recruited...
January 23, 2018: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
G Gastaldi, L Palumbo, C Moreschi, E F Gherlone, P Capparé
Introduction: The aim of this study is to determine the outcome of maxillofacial prosthetic rehabilitation after oncological resections, including both intra- and extra-oral prosthetic devices. Methods: In this study were included 72 patients, who have undergone an intra or extra-oral maxillofacial prosthetic rehabilitation after an oncologic resection. Tumors on the head and neck were analyzed and the defects of these resections have been divided in two different groups: intra and extra-oral defects...
July 2017: Oral & Implantology
R Flores-Ruiz, L Castellanos-Cosano, M-A Serrera-Figallo, A Gutiérrez-Corrales, R Castillo-Oyague, J-L Gutiérrez-Perez, D Torres-Lagares
BACKGROUND: Head and neck cancer are one of the most common neoplasm pathologies in humans. The aim of this study was to analyze the type, characteristics, treatment and evolution of oral neoplasm or precancerous lesion in a sample of Andalusian population (Spain) derived from the Oncology Rehabilitation Hospital Unit during a period of 20 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective descriptive study was carried out during the years 1991 and 2011 analyzing the type, characteristics, treatment and follow-up of oral neoplasm in the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Unit of the Universitary Hospital Virgen del Rocio...
January 1, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
Sek Ying Chair, Qun Wang, Mingming Yu, Winnie Kwok Wei So, Chang Tian, Janet Wing Hung Sit, Eliza Mi Ling Wong, Carmen Wing Han Chan, Anecita Fadol
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to translate the M.D. Anderson Symptom Inventory-Heart Failure (MDASI-HF), a specific instrument to assess symptoms in cancer patients with concurrent heart failure (HF), into Mandarin Chinese and to examine its psychometric properties in Chinese cancer patients. DESIGN: A translation and psychometric evaluation design was used. METHODS: The translation of the MDASI-HF into Mandarin Chinese followed Brislin's model with the four steps: translation, monolingual assessment, backward translation, and comparison...
November 2017: Rehabilitation Nursing: the Official Journal of the Association of Rehabilitation Nurses
Hendrik P Buimer, Monique Tabak, Lex van Velsen, Thea van der Geest, Hermie Hermens
BACKGROUND: Telemedicine applications often do not live up to their expectations and often fail once they have reached the operational phase. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore the determinants of patient adherence to a blended care rehabilitation program, which includes a Web portal, from a patient's perspective. METHODS: Patients were enrolled in a 12-week oncology rehabilitation treatment supported by a Web portal that was developed in cooperation with patients and care professionals...
December 14, 2017: JMIR Rehabilitation and Assistive Technologies
Marie Lange, Florence Joly
Attention and memory dysfunction is a common complaint among patients with breast cancer that can be reported during and up to several years after treatment. It can negatively affect patients' quality of life and their ability to work. This phenomenon has mainly been studied in patients with breast cancer who are treated with adjuvant chemotherapy. Women describe concentration problems and difficulties with word finding, multitasking, or remembering new information, as well as more effort and time needed to accomplish these tasks...
December 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
Attila Vágvölgyi, Zsolt Rozgonyi, Pál Vadász, János Tamás Varga
INTRODUCTION: Besides the oncology and operative surgical technics, functional aspects influence the operability of lung cancer. Preoperative risk stratification, evaluation of postoperative complications needs to be considered. AIM: To review international literature and experiences of our institute. METHOD: We focused the literature of risk stratification of thoracic surgery. Lung function, lung mechanics, chest kinematics, exercise physiology were considered...
December 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
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