keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Sudden cardiac arrest

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920829/clinical-and-genetic-features-of-australian-families-with-long-qt-syndrome-a-registry-based-study
#1
Charlotte Burns, Jodie Ingles, Andrew M Davis, Vanessa Connell, Belinda Gray, Lauren Hunt, Julie McGaughran, Christopher Semsarian
BACKGROUND: Familial long QT syndrome (LQTS) is a primary arrhythmogenic disorder caused by mutations in ion channel genes. The phenotype ranges from asymptomatic individuals to sudden cardiac arrest and death. LQTS is a rare but significant health problem for which global data should exist. This study sought to provide the first clinical and genetic description of Australian families with LQTS. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study to evaluate clinical and genetic features of families with LQTS...
December 2016: Journal of Arrhythmia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913770/cor-triatriatum-a-review
#2
REVIEW
Ajay Kumar Jha, Neeti Makhija
Cor triatriatum is a rare congenital cardiac anomaly defined by an abnormal septation within the atrium (left or right) leading to inflow obstruction to the respective ventricles. It exists either in isolated classical form or may be associated with simple to complex congenital cardiac anomalies. Several anatomical variants exist even in the classical form, and therefore, it may require multimodal diagnostic modalities to characterize and differentiate for better percutaneous interventional or surgical planning...
December 2, 2016: Seminars in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913400/incidence-risk-factors-and-outcome-of-life-threatening-ventricular-arrhythmias-in-giant-cell-myocarditis
#3
Kaj Ekström, Jukka Lehtonen, Riina Kandolin, Anne Räisänen-Sokolowski, Kaisa Salmenkivi, Markku Kupari
BACKGROUND: Ventricular tachyarrhythmias are characteristic of giant cell myocarditis, but their true incidence, predictors, and outcome are unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: Our work involved 51 patients with giant cell myocarditis (35 women) aged 52±12 years. Their medical records were reviewed for history, results of laboratory and imaging studies, and occurrence of serious cardiac events, including life-threatening ventricular tachyarrhythmias. Sudden cardiac death (fatal or aborted) was the primary end point of our analyses, whereas the composite of sudden cardiac death and ventricular tachycardia requiring treatment constituted the secondary end point...
December 2016: Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910059/gene-therapy-for-post-infarction-ventricular-tachycardia
#4
J Kevin Donahue
Cardiac arrhythmias are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the developed world. In particular, cardiac arrest or sudden cardiac death is the leading cause of death in these countries. Death generally results from a ventricular tachyarrhythmia, and pathology data have shown that cardiac arrest victims very frequently have evidence of coronary atherosclerosis with either acute ischemia or healed myocardial infarction. In this work, we describe an animal model that reproducibly has inducible ventricular tachyarrhythmias after healing of a myocardial infarction scar and a gene delivery method that allows gene transfer to the scar and surrounding myocardial tissues...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909501/-two-for-the-price-of-one-a-single-lead-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-system-with-a-floating-atrial-dipole
#5
REVIEW
Nicole E Worden Md, Musab Alqasrawi Md, Siva M Krothapalli Md, Alexander Mazur Md
In patients known to be a high risk for sudden cardiac arrest, implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD) are a proven therapy to reduce risk of death. However, in patients without conventional indications for pacing, the optimal strategy for type of device, dual- versus single-chamber, remains debatable. The benefit of prophylactic pacing in this category of patients has never been documented. Although available atrial electrograms in a dual chamber system improve interpretation of stored arrhythmia events, allow monitoring of atrial fibrillation and may potentially reduce the risk of inappropriate shocks by enhancing automated arrhythmia discrimination, the use of dual-chamber ICDs has a number of disadvantages...
April 2016: Journal of Atrial Fibrillation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907958/critical-care-management-after-cardiac-arrest
#6
Hans Friberg, Tobias Cronberg
Sudden cardiac arrest is a devastating event with high mortality and substantial morbidity among survivors. Early recognition and intervention to restore circulation is the primary goal; once that is achieved, the path toward a meaningful recovery starts. Initial in-hospital care is focused on emergency cardiac care, but soon there is a change to a more brain-oriented critical care including targeted temperature management, brain monitoring, sedation, and repeated neurologic assessments. In patients who show early signs of awakening from coma once sedation has been stopped, the prognosis is generally good...
December 2016: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905308/a-case-of-extreme-hypokalaemia
#7
L M Ten Bos, T C Veenstra, B D Westerhof, F H Bosch
Hypokalaemia is a common clinical problem. It can lead to severe disturbances in cardiac, neurological and muscle function. We present the case of a 45-year-old woman who was transported to our hospital with cardiac arrest following ventricular fibrillation. Blood sampling revealed severe acidosis (pH 7.02) and extreme hypokalaemia (0.9 mmol/l). The low serum potassium level was most likely caused by the combination of a very deficient diet and use of a thiazide diuretic. She never reported any symptoms. An acute intracellular shift of potassium due to epinephrine and perhaps also the cathecholamines in Red Bull may have further decreased the serum potassium concentration...
November 2016: Netherlands Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904259/profile-and-outcome-of-sudden-cardiac-arrests-in-the-emergency-department-of-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-south-india
#8
Gautham Raja Pandian, Suma Mary Thampi, Nilanchal Chakraborty, Deepthi Kattula, Paul Prabhakar Abhilash Kundavaram
BACKGROUND: Sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) requiring cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is one of the common emergencies encountered in the emergency department (ED) of any hospital. Although several studies have reported the predictors of CPR outcome in general, there are limited data from the EDs in India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included all patients above 18 years with SCA who were resuscitated in the ED of a tertiary care hospital with an annual census of 60,000 patients between August 2014 and July 2015...
October 2016: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903458/cardiac-arrest-among-patients-with-infections-causes-clinical-practice-and-research-implications
#9
REVIEW
Davide Leoni, Jordi Rello
The incidence of sepsis is increasing, and the condition is now the leading cause of death in general intensive care units (ICUs). Our review failed to identify studies of the causes of cardiac arrest among infected patients, even though non-cardiac causes represent 15% of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests and though one-third of events have positive blood cultures. Sudden cardiac arrest is the result of local damage to the heart and of the impact of systemic and pulmonary conditions on cardiac performance, and its danger is underestimated...
November 26, 2016: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899944/epidemiology-and-genetics-of-ventricular-fibrillation-during-acute-myocardial-infarction
#10
REVIEW
Charlotte Glinge, Stefan Sattler, Reza Jabbari, Jacob Tfelt-Hansen
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) from ventricular fibrillation (VF) during coronary artery disease (CAD) is a leading cause of total and cardiovascular mortality, and in more than half of SCD cases VF occurs as the first symptom of CAD. Several epidemiological studies have shown that sudden death of a family member is a risk factor for SCD and VF during acute myocardial infarction (MI), independent of traditional risk factors including family history of MI, suggesting a genetic component in the susceptibility to VF...
September 2016: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895877/unexplained-cardiac-arrest-after-near-drowning-in-a-young-experienced-swimmer-insight-from-cardiovascular-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#11
Cesare Mantini, Giancarlo Messalli, Leonardo Paloscia, Domenico Mastrodicasa, Marco Francone, Marco Mascellanti, Alberto D'Alleva, Antonio Raffaele Cotroneo
Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (cMRI) is a well-established noninvasive imaging modality in clinical cardiology. Its ability to provide tissue characterization make it well suited for the study of patients with cardiac diseases. We describe a multi-modality imaging evaluation of a 45-year-old man who experienced a near drowning event during swimming. We underline the unique capability of tissue characterization provided by cMRI, which allowed detection of subtle, clinically unrecognizable myocardial damage for understanding the causes of sudden cardiac arrest and also showed the small damages caused by cardiopulmonary resuscitation...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Radiology: a Quarterly Journal Published By the Iranian Radiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890882/a-case-of-brugada-syndrome-which-developed-status-epilepticus
#12
Misa Matsui, Kimiko Inoue, Harutoshi Fujimura, Saburo Sakoda
A 35-year-old man showed a convulsive attack with consciousness loss and was suspected of having Brugada syndrome 6 months prior to admission to our hospital. At the initial examination, the patient showed conjugate deviation, followed by left limb convulsions and consciousness loss. He regained consciousness after 1 minute, though cardiac arrest from ventricular fibrillation was noted during an electroencephalography (EEG) examination. Sinus rhythm recovered with defibrillation, though the convulsions persisted and a Status Epilepticus developed...
November 25, 2016: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871247/cost-effectiveness-of-workplace-wellness-to-prevent-cardiovascular-events-among-u-s-firefighters
#13
P Daniel Patterson, Kenneth J Smith, David Hostler
BACKGROUND: The leading cause of death among firefighters in the United States (U.S.) is cardiovascular events (CVEs) such as sudden cardiac arrest and myocardial infarction. This study compared the cost-effectiveness of three strategies to prevent CVEs among firefighters. METHODS: We used a cost-effectiveness analysis model with published observational and clinical data, and cost quotes for physiologic monitoring devices to determine the cost-effectiveness of three CVE prevention strategies...
November 21, 2016: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865744/outcomes-of-sudden-cardiac-arrest-in-a-state-wide-integrated-resuscitation-program-results-from-the-minnesota-resuscitation-consortium
#14
Selcuk Adabag, Lucinda Hodgson, Santiago Garcia, Vidhu Anand, Ralph Frascone, Marc Conterato, Charles Lick, Keith Wesley, Brian Mahoney, Demetris Yannopoulos
BACKGROUND: Despite many advances in resuscitation science the outcomes of sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) remain poor. The Minnesota Resuscitation Consortium (MRC) is a statewide integrated resuscitation program, established in 2011, to provide standardized, evidence-based resuscitation and post-resuscitation care. The objective of this study is to assess the outcomes of a state-wide integrated resuscitation program. METHODS: We examined the trends in resuscitation metrics and outcomes in Minnesota since 2011 and compared these to the results from the national Cardiac Arrest Registry to Enhance Survival (CARES) program...
November 16, 2016: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864952/sudden-infant-and-early-childhood-death-and-sinus-of-valsalva-pseudoaneurysms
#15
John Gilbert, Mary N Sheppard, Roger W Byard
Two cases of occult pseudoaneurysms of the sinus of Valsalva (SoV) are reported to demonstrate different etiologies and lethal mechanisms. A previously well 9-month-old boy who suffered an unexpected fatal cardiorespiratory arrest was found at autopsy to have a ruptured pseudoaneurysm of the left SoV resulting in lethal hemopericardium. A 13.5-month-old boy died soon after presenting with a 24-h history of poor feeding and reduced urine output. At autopsy, destruction of the noncoronary cusp of the aortic valve by bacterial endocarditis was found with extension of the inflammation into a pseudoaneurysm of the SoV with surrounding abscess formation involving the atrioventricular node...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861123/tecrl-a-new-life-threatening-inherited-arrhythmia-gene-associated-with-overlapping-clinical-features-of-both-lqts-and-cpvt
#16
Harsha D Devalla, Roselle Gélinas, Elhadi H Aburawi, Abdelaziz Beqqali, Philippe Goyette, Christian Freund, Marie-A Chaix, Rafik Tadros, Hui Jiang, Antony Le Béchec, Jantine J Monshouwer-Kloots, Tom Zwetsloot, Georgios Kosmidis, Frédéric Latour, Azadeh Alikashani, Maaike Hoekstra, Jurg Schlaepfer, Christine L Mummery, Brian Stevenson, Zoltan Kutalik, Antoine Af de Vries, Léna Rivard, Arthur Am Wilde, Mario Talajic, Arie O Verkerk, Lihadh Al-Gazali, John D Rioux, Zahurul A Bhuiyan, Robert Passier
Genetic causes of many familial arrhythmia syndromes remain elusive. In this study, whole-exome sequencing (WES) was carried out on patients from three different families that presented with life-threatening arrhythmias and high risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD). Two French Canadian probands carried identical homozygous rare variant in TECRL gene (p.Arg196Gln), which encodes the trans-2,3-enoyl-CoA reductase-like protein. Both patients had cardiac arrest, stress-induced atrial and ventricular tachycardia, and QT prolongation on adrenergic stimulation...
December 1, 2016: EMBO Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835822/woven-coronary-artery-anomaly-presenting-as-sudden-cardiac-death
#17
José-Fernando Val-Bernal, Séfora Malaxetxebarria, Irene González-Rodilla, Miguel Salas-García
Woven coronary artery is a rare anomaly characterized by thin channels arising from the coronary artery and reanastomosing at the distal arterial segment. To our knowledge, no data are available currently on the histologic structure of the woven segment. A 39-year-old man presented with sudden atypical chest pain while he was practicing cycling. During the transfer of the patient to the hospital, he suffered cardiac arrest. After 50 min of cardiopulmonary resuscitation, the patient could not return to sinus rhythm and died...
October 20, 2016: Cardiovascular Pathology: the Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835782/laryngospasm-central-and-obstructive-apnea-during-seizures-defining-pathophysiology-for-sudden-death-in-a-rat-model
#18
K Nakase, R Kollmar, J Lazar, H Arjomandi, K Sundaram, J Silverman, R Orman, J Weedon, D Stefanov, E Savoca, L Tordjman, K Stiles, M Ihsan, A Nunez, L Guzman, M Stewart
Seizure spread into the autonomic nervous system can result in life-threatening cardiovascular and respiratory dysfunction. Here we report on a less-studied consequence of such autonomic derangements-the possibility of laryngospasm and upper-airway occlusion. We used parenteral kainic acid to induce recurring seizures in urethane-anesthetized Sprague Dawley rats. EEG recordings and combinations of cardiopulmonary monitoring, including video laryngoscopy, were performed during multi-unit recordings of recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) activity or head-out plethysmography with or without endotracheal intubation...
December 2016: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818955/rupture-of-an-ascending-aortic-aneurysm-as-a-cause-of-sudden-death
#19
Cristielle Peres de Freitas, Carla Andrade Petrini, Ramon Souza Goes Araújo, Luiz Guilherme Cernaglia Aureliano Lima, Patrícia Picciarelli de Lima, Amaro Nunes Duarte-Neto
An 84-year-old female patient was brought to the emergency department in cardiac arrest. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation maneuvers were performed but were unsuccessful. The patient had a past medical history of systemic arterial hypertension with target-organ lesions, including stroke and myocardial infarction. The autopsy was carried out, and the most striking finding was cardiac tamponade due to the rupture of an ascending aortic aneurysm at the site of a complex atheromatous plaque. Rupture is the most serious complication of a thoracic aneurysm and must be considered in the differential diagnosis of sudden death...
July 2016: Autopsy & case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818954/sudden-death-in-infective-endocarditis
#20
Jussara Bianchi Castelli, Germana Almeida, Rinaldo Focaccia Siciliano
The case fatality rate of infective endocarditis (IE) is high and is associated with varying causes. Among them, acute myocardial infarction due to an embolism in a coronary artery is rare; the incidence of this complication in the setting of IE is reported to be up to 1.5%. We report a case of sudden death in a 22-year-old woman diagnosed with systemic lupus erythematosus who was referred to the Cardiology Center for the treatment of mitral valve incompetence due to IE. She was hemodynamically stable with antibiotic therapy and vasoactive drugs, despite severe mitral valve regurgitation...
July 2016: Autopsy & case reports
keyword
keyword
7825
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"