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bispecific scFv

Claire Godbersen, Tiffany A Coupet, Amelia M Huehls, Tong Zhang, Michael B Battles, Jan L Fisher, Marc S Ernstoff, Charles L Sentman
Two new bispecific T cell engaging (BiTE) molecules with specificity for NKG2D ligands were developed and functionally characterized. One, huNKG2D-OKT3, was derived from the extracellular portion of the human NKG2D receptor fused to a CD3ε binding single-chain variable fragment (scFv), known as OKT3. NKG2D has multiple ligands, including MICA, which are expressed by a variety of malignant cells. A second molecule, B2-OKT3, was created in the tandem scFv BiTE format that targets MICA on tumor cells and CD3ε on human T cells...
May 12, 2017: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Darko Skegro, Cian Stutz, Romain Ollier, Emelie Svensson, Paul Wassmann, Bourquin Florence, Thierry Monney, Sunitha Gn, Stanislas Blein
Bispecific antibodies (bsAbs) are of significant importance to the development of novel antibody-based therapies, and heavy chain (Hc) heterodimers represent a major class of bispecific drug candidates. Current technologies for the generation of Hc heterodimers are suboptimal and often suffer from contamination by homodimers posing purification challenges. Here, we introduce a new technology based on biomimicry wherein the protein-protein interfaces of two different immunoglobulin (Ig) constant domain pairs are exchanged in part or fully to design new heterodimeric domains...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Séverine Fagète, Ledicia Botas-Perez, Irène Rossito-Borlat, Kenneth Adea, Franck Gueneau, Ulla Ravn, François Rousseau, Marie Kosco-Vilbois, Nicolas Fischer, Oliver Hartley
Antibody phage display technology has supported the emergence of numerous therapeutic antibodies. The development of bispecific antibodies, a promising new frontier in antibody therapy, could be facilitated by new phage display approaches that enable pairs of antibodies to be co-selected based on co-engagement of their respective targets. We describe such an approach, making use of two complementary leucine zipper domains that heterodimerize with high affinity. Phagemids encoding a first antibody fragment (scFv) fused to phage coat protein via the first leucine zipper are rescued in bacteria expressing a second scFv fused to the second leucine zipper as a soluble periplasmic protein, so that it is acquired by phage during assembly...
April 24, 2017: Protein Engineering, Design & Selection: PEDS
Qi Yang, Christina L Parker, Yukang Lin, Oliver W Press, Steven I Park, Samuel K Lai
Tumor heterogeneity, which describes the genetically and phenotypically distinct subpopulations of tumor cells present within the same tumor or patient, presents a major challenge to targeted delivery of diagnostic and/or therapeutic agents. An ideal targeting strategy should deliver a given nanocarrier to the full diversity of cancer cells, which is difficult to achieve with conventional ligand-conjugated nanoparticles. We evaluated pretargeting (i.e., multistep targeting) as a strategy to facilitate nanoparticle delivery to multiple target cells by measuring the uptake of biotinylated nanoparticles by lymphoma cells with distinct surface antigens pretreated with different bispecific streptavidin-scFv fusion proteins...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Dariush Shanehbandi, Jafar Majidi, Tohid Kazemi, Behzad Baradaran, Leili Aghebati-Maleki
BACKGROUND: CD20-based targeting of B-cells in hematologic malignancies and autoimmune disorders is associated with outstanding clinical outcomes. Isolation and characterization of VH and VL cDNAs encoding the variable regions of the heavy and light chains of monoclonal antibodies (MAb) is necessary to produce next generation MAbs and their derivatives such as and bispecific antibodies (bsAb) and single-chain variable fragments (scFv). OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed at cloning and characterization of the VH and VL cDNAs from a hybridoma cell against the CD20 antigen...
February 24, 2017: Human Antibodies
Jochen Pendzialek, Kenny Roose, Anouk Smet, Bert Schepens, Peter Kufer, Tobias Raum, Patrick A Baeuerle, Markus Muenz, Xavier Saelens, Walter Fiers
The ectodomain of the influenza A matrix protein 2 (M2e) is highly conserved amongst all influenza virus A subtypes. M2e is present on the surface of influenza A virus-infected cells, and therefore a suitable target for broadly protective therapies. We designed bispecific T cell engaging (BiTE(®)) antibody constructs specific for M2e by genetically fusing a single chain variable fragment (scFv) derived from an M2e-specific murine monoclonal antibody with a CD3ɛ-specific scFv. These so-called FLU BiTE(®) antibody constructs selectively mediate T cell dependent lysis of M2-expressing and influenza A virus infected cells and protect BALB/c mice against challenge with different influenza A virus subtypes...
March 1, 2017: Antiviral Research
Stina Syvänen, Xiaotian T Fang, Greta Hultqvist, Silvio R Meier, Lars Lannfelt, Dag Sehlin
Antibodies are highly specific for their target molecules, but their poor brain penetrance has restricted their use as PET ligands for imaging of targets within the CNS. The aim of this study was to develop an antibody-based radioligand, using the Tribody(TM) format, for PET imaging of soluble amyloid-beta (Aβ) protofibrils, which are suggested to cause neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's disease. Antibodies, even when expressed in smaller engineered formats, are large molecules that do not enter the brain in sufficient amounts for imaging purposes...
January 6, 2017: NeuroImage
Binyam Bezabeh, Ryan Fleming, Christine Fazenbaker, Haihong Zhong, Karen Coffman, Xiang-Qing Yu, Ching Ching Leow, Nerea Gibson, Susan Wilson, C Kendall Stover, Herren Wu, Changshou Gao, Nazzareno Dimasi
By simultaneous binding two disease mediators, bispecific antibodies offer the opportunity to broaden the utility of antibody-based therapies. Herein, we describe the design and characterization of Bs4Ab, an innovative and generic bispecific tetravalent antibody platform. The Bs4Ab format comprises a full-length IgG1 monoclonal antibody with a scFv inserted into the hinge domain. The Bs4Ab design demonstrates robust manufacturability as evidenced by MEDI3902, which is currently in clinical development. To further demonstrate the applicability of the Bs4Ab technology, we describe the molecular engineering, biochemical, biophysical, and in vivo characterization of a bispecific tetravalent Bs4Ab that, by simultaneously binding vascular endothelial growth factor and angiopoietin-2, inhibits their function...
February 2017: MAbs
Karen Manoutcharian, Roxanna Perez-Garmendia, Goar Gevorkian
Recombinant antibody fragments are promising alternatives to full-length immunoglobulins and offer important advantages compared with conventional monoclonal antibodies: extreme specificity, higher affinity, superior stability and solubility, reduced immunogenicity as well as easy and inexpensive large-scale production. Different antibody formats such as single-chain fragment variable (scFv), single-domain antibody fragments (VHHs or sdAbs), bispecific antibodies (bsAbs), intrabodies and nanobodies, are currently being studied in pre-clinical models of cancer as well as infectious and autoimmune diseases and many of them are being tested as therapeutics in clinical trials...
September 30, 2016: Current Neuropharmacology
Joerg U Schmohl, Martin Felices, Deborah Todhunter, Elizabeth Taras, Jeffrey S Miller, Daniel A Vallera
BACKGROUND: The design of a highly effective anti-cancer immune-engager would include targeting of highly drug refractory cancer stem cells (CSC). The design would promote effective antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) and simultaneously promote costimulation to expand and self-sustain the effector NK cell population. Based on our bispecific NK cell engager platform we constructed a tetraspecific killer engager (TetraKE) comprising single-chain variable fragments (scFvs) binding FcγRIII (CD16) on NK cells, EpCAM on carcinoma cells and CD133 on cancer stem cells in order to promote ADCC...
November 8, 2016: Oncotarget
Damian J Green, Shani L Frayo, Yukang Lin, Donald K Hamlin, Darrell R Fisher, Sofia H L Frost, Aimee L Kenoyer, Mark D Hylarides, Ajay K Gopal, Theodore A Gooley, Johnnie J Orozco, Brian G Till, Shyril O'Steen, Kelly D Orcutt, D Scott Wilbur, K Dane Wittrup, Oliver W Press
Streptavidin (SA)-biotin pretargeted radioimmunotherapy (PRIT) that targets CD20 in non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) exhibits remarkable efficacy in model systems, but SA immunogenicity and interference by endogenous biotin may complicate clinical translation of this approach. In this study, we engineered a bispecific fusion protein (FP) that evades the limitations imposed by this system. Briefly, one arm of the FP was an anti-human CD20 antibody (2H7), with the other arm of the FP an anti-chelated radiometal trap for a radiolabeled ligand (yttrium[Y]-DOTA) captured by a very high-affinity anti-Y-DOTA scFv antibody (C825)...
November 15, 2016: Cancer Research
Ming Cheng, Brian H Santich, Hong Xu, Mahiuddin Ahmed, Morgan Huse, Nai-Kong V Cheung
Engineering potent bispecific antibodies from single-chain variable fragments (scFv) remains difficult due to the inherent instability and insufficient binding of scFv's compared to their parental immunoglobulin format. Previously, we described a scFv-based bispecific antibody (scBA) against disialoganglioside (GD2) based on the anti-GD2 murine 5F11-scFv and the anti-CD3 huOKT3-scFv (5F11-scBA). In this study, we substituted the 5F11-scFv with the higher affinity (13-fold) hu3F8-scFv to form hu3F8-scBA. With this modification, hu3F8-scBA redirected T cells to kill GD2(+) cancer cell lines with up to 5,000-fold higher potency (femtomolar EC50) compared with 5F11-scBA (picomolar EC50) in cytotoxicity assays, even against target cells with low GD2 densities...
June 2016: Oncoimmunology
Meenakshi Hegde, Malini Mukherjee, Zakaria Grada, Antonella Pignata, Daniel Landi, Shoba A Navai, Amanda Wakefield, Kristen Fousek, Kevin Bielamowicz, Kevin K H Chow, Vita S Brawley, Tiara T Byrd, Simone Krebs, Stephen Gottschalk, Winfried S Wels, Matthew L Baker, Gianpietro Dotti, Maksim Mamonkin, Malcolm K Brenner, Jordan S Orange, Nabil Ahmed
In preclinical models of glioblastoma, antigen escape variants can lead to tumor recurrence after treatment with CAR T cells that are redirected to single tumor antigens. Given the heterogeneous expression of antigens on glioblastomas, we hypothesized that a bispecific CAR molecule would mitigate antigen escape and improve the antitumor activity of T cells. Here, we created a CAR that joins a HER2-binding scFv and an IL13Rα2-binding IL-13 mutein to make a tandem CAR exodomain (TanCAR) and a CD28.ζ endodomain...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Investigation
Xiaocong Yu, Mark Duval, Melissa Gawron, Marshall R Posner, Lisa A Cavacini
Innovative strategies are necessary to maximize the clinical application of HIV neutralizing antibodies. To this end, bispecific constructs of human antibody F240, reactive with well-conserved gp41 epitope and antibody 14A8, reactive with the IgA receptor (CD89) on effector cells, were constructed. A F240 × 14A8 bispecific single chain variable region (scFv) molecule was constructed by linking two scFvs using a conventional GGGGS linker. Despite immunoreactivity with HIV gp41 and neutrophils, this bispecific scFv failed to inhibit HIV infection...
2016: Journal of Immunology Research
Hong Wu, Li Yao, Lin Chou, Jin-Hua Yang, Yun-Xiu Zhang, Xiao-Li Li, Bo-Er Shan
The aim of the present study was to construct a single-chain bispecific antibody (scBsAb) against cervical carcinoma and to investigate its biological activities. The scBsAb was constructed using a genetic cloning technique and antigen binding activities were detected by ELISA. The iodogen method was used to analyze the pharmacokinetics. The Rosette formation test was used to detect the binding ability between peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) and Cs1213 cervical cancer cells. In addition, the MTT method was performed to detect the killing effect of PBLs...
July 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Joerg U Schmohl, Martin Felices, Elizabeth Taras, Jeff S Miller, Daniel A Vallera
Previously, we constructed a bispecific NK-cell-engager (BiKE) bearing single-chain variable fragments (scFv) against CD16 on NK cells and EpCAM on tumor cells. This BiKE facilitated antigen-specific antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) but did not induce NK cell expansion. We incorporated a modified interleukin-15 cross-linker to create a trispecific construct (TriKE) in order to improve activation, proliferation, and survival of NK cells. Synthesis and assembly of hybrid genes encoding the TriKE was accomplished using DNA-shuffling and DNA-ligation techniques...
August 2016: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
Christiane R Stadler, Hayat Bähr-Mahmud, Laura M Plum, Kathrin Schmoldt, Anne C Kölsch, Özlem Türeci, Ugur Sahin
The fetal tight junction molecule claudin 6 (CLDN6) is virtually absent from any normal tissue, whereas it is aberrantly and frequently expressed in various cancers of high medical need. We engineered 6PHU3, a T-cell-engaging bispecific single chain molecule (bi-(scFv)2) with anti-CD3/anti-CLDN6 specificities, and characterized its pharmacodynamic properties. Our data show that upon engagement by 6PHU3, T cells strongly upregulate cytotoxicity and activation markers, proliferate and acquire an effector phenotype...
March 2016: Oncoimmunology
Amita Datta-Mannan, Johnny E Croy, Linda Schirtzinger, Stacy Torgerson, Matthew Breyer, Victor J Wroblewski
Bispecific antibodies (BsAbs) can affect multiple disease pathways, thus these types of constructs potentially provide promising approaches to improve efficacy in complex disease indications. The specific and non-specific clearance mechanisms/biology that affect monoclonal antibody (mAb) pharmacokinetics are likely involved in the disposition of BsAbs. Despite these similarities, there are a paucity of studies on the in vivo biology that influences the biodistribution and pharmacokinetics of BsAbs. The present case study evaluated the in vivo disposition of 2 IgG-fusion BsAb formats deemed IgG-ECD (extracellular domain) and IgG-scFv (single-chain Fv) in cynomolgus monkeys...
July 2016: MAbs
Chia-Yen Lu, Gregory J Chen, Pei-Han Tai, Yu-Chen Yang, Yu-Shen Hsu, Mingi Chang, Chuan-Lung Hsu
Bispecific antibodies (bsAbs) are second generation antibodies for therapeutic application in immunotherapy. One of the major strategies of the bsAb platform is the recruitment of immune effector T cells by incorporating an anti-CD3 domain. A bispecific T-cell engager (BiTE), with one end having an affinity for CD3 and the other end with affinity for CD19, has been approved in the US and Europe for the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia. However, due to their small size and lack of Fc region, these single-chain variable fragment (scFv) bsAbs have short half-lives in vivo...
May 13, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Dan Chen, Jianxuan Zou, Yunhui Zong, Huimin Meng, Gangli An, Lin Yang
Syndecan-1 (CD138), a heparan sulfate proteoglycan, acts as a co-receptor for growth factors and chemokines and is a molecular marker associated with the epithelial-mesenchymal transition during development and carcinogenesis. In this study, we generated two specific mouse anti-human CD138 monoclonal antibodies (mAbs, clone ID: 480CT5.4.3, 587CT7.3.6.5) using hybridoma technology and identified their immunological characteristics. After hybridoma sequencing, the single-chain variable fragments (ScFvs) cloned from two hybridoma cells were combined with anti-CD3 OKT-3 ScFv to generate two recombinant bispecific antibodies (h-STL002, m-STL002) against CD138 and CD3 molecules, respectively...
June 2016: Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology
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