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Pregnant aortic dissection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577926/type-a-aortic-dissection-following-the-ross-procedure
#1
Samuel Richey, Andrew C Fiore, Charles B Huddleston
We describe a case of Type A aortic dissection in a 25 year old lady who had undergone a Ross Procedure for aortic valve endocarditis 13 years previously. She was pregnant and noted to have significant enlargement of the aortic root during the latter portion of the third trimester of her pregnancy. An echocardiogram performed after delivery demonstrated new aortic valve insufficiency in addition to an aortic root diameter of 6.5 cm. A CT angiogram demonstrated a Type A aortic dissection involving only the very proximal portion of the ascending aorta...
March 22, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536558/acute-type-a-aortic-dissection-repair-in-younger-patients
#2
Kyokun Uehara, Hitoshi Matsuda, Jiro Matsuo, Yosuke Inoue, Atsushi Omura, Yoshimasa Seike, Hiroaki Sasaki, Junjiro Kobayashi
AIM: To evaluate the surgical outcomes and midterm results of patients under 50 years old with acute type A aortic dissection (AAAD). METHODS: The study population included 51 patients who underwent AAAD repair between 2003 and 2016. Of these 51 patients, 46 (90.1%) were males and 14 (27.5%) had connective tissue disorders. Twenty-five patients (49.0%) had a body mass index >25.0 kg/m2 and two patients were pregnant. Total arch replacement was performed in 39 patients (76...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Cardiac Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503402/a-vaginal-stillbirth-after-aortic-surgery-of-type-b-aortic-dissection-in-a-pregnant-woman
#3
Cuilin Zhu, Xiaomei Zheng, Zhicheng Zhu, Dan Li, Tiance Wang, Rihao Xu, Kexiang Liu
Acute aortic dissection occurring during pregnancy poses great danger to both the mother and fetus. Cesareans are usually performed before or after the aortic repair depending on the conditions of the mother and fetus. Here we report our experience in treating a 32-week pregnant woman with a type B aortic dissection, whose baby had died before admission. A cesarean section was initially arranged after emergency aortic repair. However, the patient started to deliver the fetus vaginally after the aortic surgery and the stillborn baby was delivered vaginally...
March 5, 2018: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459466/pregnancy-outcomes-in-women-with-rheumatic-mitral-valve-disease-results-from-the-registry-of-pregnancy-and-cardiac-disease
#4
Iris M van Hagen, Sara A Thorne, Nasser Taha, Ghada Youssef, Amro Elnagar, Harald Gabriel, Yahia ElRakshy, Bernard Iung, Mark R Johnson, Roger Hall, Jolien W Roos-Hesselink
BACKGROUND: Cardiac disease is 1 of the major causes of maternal mortality. We studied pregnancy outcomes in women with rheumatic mitral valve disease. METHODS: The Registry of Pregnancy and Cardiac Disease is an international prospective registry, and consecutive pregnant women with cardiac disease were included. Pregnancy outcomes in all women with rheumatic mitral valve disease and no prepregnancy valve replacement is described in the present study (n=390). A maternal cardiac event was defined as cardiac death, arrhythmia requiring treatment, heart failure, thromboembolic event, aortic dissection, endocarditis, acute coronary syndrome, and hospitalization for other cardiac reasons or cardiac intervention...
February 20, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180341/-surgical-management-of-pregnancy-associated-acute-stanford-type-a-aortic-dissection-analysis-of-5-cases
#5
Xin Li, Hong-Yu Zhang, Feng-Zhen Han, Chang-Jiang Yu, Xiao-Ping Fan, Rui-Xin Fan, Jian Zhuang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the diagnosis and treatment of pregnancy-associated acute Stanford type A aortic dissection to improve the maternal and fetal outcomes. METHODS: We analyzed the perioperative data of 5 pregnant women with acute Stanford type A aortic dissection treated between June, 2009 and February, 2017. RESULTS: The median age of the women was 30 years (range, 22-34 years) with gestational weeks of 23-38 weeks upon diagnosis. All the 5 patients received surgical interventions...
November 20, 2017: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063738/cardiovascular-outcomes-of-pregnancy-in-marfan-s-syndrome-patients-a-literature-review
#6
REVIEW
So Yeon Kim, Diana S Wolfe, Cynthia C Taub
AIMS: Pregnancy in patients with Marfan's syndrome (MFS) carries an increased risk of cardiovascular complications, resulting in increased maternal and fetal mortality and morbidity. Literature on MFS pregnant patients is relatively sparse, and there has yet to be a concrete consensus on the management of this unique patient population. The purpose of our paper is to provide a literature review of case reports and studies on MFS during pregnancy (published between 2005 and 2015) and to explore cardiovascular outcomes of patients with MFS...
October 23, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691228/intra-and-post-partum-acute-aortic-dissection-stanford-type-b-report-of-two-cases
#7
Mitsuhiro Tsuritani, Chizuko A Kamiya, Masami Sawada, Chinami Horiuchi, Naoko Iwanaga, Jun Yoshimatsu
Pregnancy with Marfan syndrome (MFS) presents challenges to the clinician because of the increased incidence of maternal cardiovascular complications, including acute aortic dissection (ADD) and the involvement of the fetus owing to the urgency of the need for surgery and the low likelihood of survival with premature delivery. Patient 1 was a 36-year-old pregnant Japanese woman with MFS who was referred at 16 gestational weeks with aortic root diameter 35.1 mm. Stanford type B AAD occurred on delivery without evident blood pressure changes...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666539/type-a-chronic-aortic-dissection-with-obesity-and-preeclampsia
#8
L M Santana-Ortega, S Urso, A Rodríguez-Pérez, T Sarmiento, L Morales, G Hernanz
Aortic dissection is a potentially lethal disease whose incidence in pregnant women can be up to 100 times that of the remaining adult population. In most cases, it presents as typical chest pain. We report the case of a 37yo obese woman diagnosed with chronic type A aortic dissection documented by a radiological finding 10 months after delivery.
June 27, 2017: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622940/feasibility-of-performing-non-contrast-magnetic-resonance-angiography-in-pregnant-subjects-with-familial-aortopathies
#9
William E Moody, Luke Pickup, Emma Plunkett, John Fryearson, Paul F Clift, R Katie Morris, Peter J Thompson, Sara Thorne, Lucy E Hudsmith
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of aortic pathology. We sought to assess the feasibility of performing non-contrast 3D steady-state free-precession (SSFP) magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) in pregnant subjects with inherited aortopathy. METHODS: Fifteen pregnant subjects (age 27±4yr) with positive genotyping for aortopathy (Marfan, Loeys-Dietz, Ehlers-Danlos) and/or a family history of aortic dissection underwent non-contrast 3D-SSFP MRA at 1...
June 2, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600893/pregnancy-marfan-syndrome-and-type-b-aortic-dissection
#10
M R Johnson, J W Roos Hesselink
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455451/long-term-mir-29b-suppression-reduces-aneurysm-formation-in-a-marfan-mouse-model
#11
Homare Okamura, Fabian Emrich, Jeffrey Trojan, Peter Chiu, Alex R Dalal, Mamoru Arakawa, Tetsuya Sato, Kiril Penov, Tiffany Koyano, Albert Pedroza, Andrew J Connolly, Marlene Rabinovitch, Cristina Alvira, Michael P Fischbein
Aortic root aneurysm formation and subsequent dissection and/or rupture remain the leading cause of death in patients with Marfan syndrome. Our laboratory has reported that miR-29b participates in aortic root/ascending aorta extracellular matrix remodeling during early aneurysm formation in Fbn1(C1039G/+) Marfan mice. Herein, we sought to determine whether miR-29b suppression can reduce aneurysm formation long-term. Fbn1(C1039G/+) Marfan mice were treated with retro-orbital LNA-anti-miR-29b inhibitor or scrambled-control-miR before aneurysms develop either (1) a single dose prenatally (pregnant Fbn1(C1039G/+) mice at 14...
April 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315148/a-case-of-cardiac-tamponade-due-to-an-isolated-abscess-in-the-ascending-aorta-of-a-pregnant-woman-with-a-history-of-intravenous-substance-abuse
#12
Brandy Shattuck, John Livingstone
We describe the case of a 23-year-old white female, 10-12 weeks pregnant, with a history of intravenous drug use and a recently diagnosed pneumonia, who was found deceased in her bed after a night of sleep. Although postmortem serum toxicology tested positive for alprazolam, tetrahydrocannabinol, and morphine, the ultimate cause of death was determined to be cardiac tamponade secondary to an isolated abscess in the ascending aorta. The patient had several risk factors for aortic rupture and cardiac tamponade including intravenous drug use, pneumonia, and pregnancy...
June 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294527/peripartum-type-b-aortic-dissection-in-patients-with-marfan-syndrome-who-underwent-aortic-root-replacement-a-case-series-study
#13
S Sayama, N Takeda, T Iriyama, R Inuzuka, S Maemura, D Fujita, H Yamauchi, K Nawata, M Bougaki, H Hyodo, R Shitara, T Nakayama, A Komatsu, T Nagamatsu, Y Osuga, T Fujii
OBJECTIVE: To investigate pregnancy outcomes, especially the risk of pregnancy-related aortic dissection (AD), in patients with Marfan syndrome (MFS) after prophylactic aortic root replacement (ARR). DESIGN: Retrospective case series study. SETTING: Tertiary perinatal care centre at a university hospital. POPULATION: Pregnant women fulfilling the revised Ghent nosology (2010) criteria for MFS who were managed at our institute...
March 11, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294330/triple-branched-stent-graft-for-arch-repair-in-a-pregnant-woman-with-acute-debakey-type-i-aortic-dissection
#14
Qian Zhang, Xiaochun Ma, Zhengjun Wang, Chengwei Zou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244331/applicability-of-fetal-thoracic-aortic-diameter-measurement-in-the-prediction-of-birth-weight-in-holstein-friesian-cows-short-communication
#15
Boglárka Vincze, András Gáspárdy, Levente Kovács, Ervin Albert, Luca Kézér, Ferenc Baska, Ottó Szenci
Transabdominal ultrasonography has been shown to be a useful and reliable method for assessing fetal well-being in horses and cattle. To test the applicability of fetal aortic diameter measurement in cattle, 44 late-term pregnant cows and heifers were examined 21 to 0 days prior to calving. Mean fetal aortic diameter was 2.07 ± 0.14 cm and mean fetal heart rate (FHR) was 109 ± 17 bpm. Three dead calves were dissected and their aortic diameter was measured in a water bath. The mean birth weight (n = 44) was 39...
March 2017: Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206818/sudden-death-due-to-aortic-dissection-in-early-pregnancy-a-case-report
#16
Akshith Rs Shetty, Y P Girish Chandra, S Praveen, Somusekhar Gajula
Forensic pathologists come across many deaths due to natural causes which are sudden. Sudden natural deaths in females who are pregnant warrant thorough investigation and a medico-legal autopsy to rule out any foul play. Here, we report a case of 21-year-old primigravida in her first trimester who suddenly complained of severe chest pain and was brought dead to the hospital with no history suggestive of prior natural disease. At autopsy, the death was attributed to dissection of ascending aorta.
January 1, 2017: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916637/-erratum-to-%C3%A2-successful-treatment-of-aortic-dissection-in-pregnant-patient-bentall-procedure-and-hemiarch%C3%A2
#17
Luis Raul Meza-López, Luis Efren Santos-Martínez, Silvia Hernández-Meneses, Juan Ignacio Moreno-Valencia, Jesus Zaín Campos-Larios, Nielzer Armando Rodríguez-Almendros, Victor Manuel Lozano-Torres, Moisés Cuttiel Calderón-Abbo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Archivos de Cardiología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825688/aortic-dissection-in-pregnancy-management-strategy-and-outcomes
#18
Jun-Ming Zhu, Wei-Guo Ma, Sven Peterss, Long-Fei Wang, Zhi-Yu Qiao, Bulat A Ziganshin, Jun Zheng, Yong-Min Liu, John A Elefteriades, Li-Zhong Sun
BACKGROUND: Aortic dissection in pregnancy is a rare but lethal catastrophe. Clinical experiences are limited. We report our experience in 25 patients focusing on etiology, management strategies, and outcomes. METHODS: Between June 1998 and February 2015, we treated 25 pregnant women (mean age, 31.6 ± 4.7 years) in whom aortic dissection developed at a mean of 28 ± 10 gestational weeks (GWs). Type A aortic dissection (TAAD) was present in 20 (80%) and type B (TBAD) in 5 (20%)...
April 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788933/risk-of-aortic-dissection-in-pregnant-patients-with-the-marfan-syndrome
#19
Rafael Kuperstein, Tal Cahan, Rakefet Yoeli-Ullman, Sagit Ben Zekry, Amihay Shinfeld, Michal J Simchen
Patients with Marfan syndrome (MS) face a high risk of aortic dissection during pregnancy. A dilated aortic root (>40 to 45 mm) is considered a relative contraindication for pregnancy. We investigated the risk for aortic dissection and pregnancy outcome in patients with MS. Women with MS who attended our cardiology high-risk pregnancy clinic from 2006 to 2015 were followed clinically and with serial echocardiograms by a multidisciplinary team. Beta blockers were offered and titrated by blood pressure and heart rate...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743719/acute-type-a-aortic-dissection-in-a-37-week-pregnant-patient-an-unusual-clinical-presentation
#20
Sun Hwa Lee, Seokyong Ryu, Seoung Won Choi, Hye Jin Kim, Tae Kyug Kang, Sung Chan Oh, Suk Jin Cho, Jae Hoon Lee, Euy Suk Chung, Myoung Hwan Kim
BACKGROUND: Aortic dissection in pregnancy is relatively rare, but it is often fatal. The estimated incidence of aortic dissection in the general population is 2.9 per 100,000 person-years. Early recognition and treatment of aortic dissections are crucial for survival. Whereas the majority of patients who present with aortic dissection are older than 50 years of age and have a history of hypertension, younger patients with connective tissue disease, bicuspid aortic valves, or a family history of aortic dissection are also at increased risk for developing this condition...
April 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
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