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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647880/selective-removal-and-preconcentration-of-triclosan-using-a-water-compatible-imprinted-nano-magnetic-chitosan-particles
#1
Yuan Chen, Xin Lei, Rongni Dou, Yuancai Chen, Yongyou Hu, Zhiqi Zhang
A water-compatible magnetic triclosan (TCS) imprinted material (TCS-CTS-Fe(0)-MIPs) was synthesized for selective enrichment and detection of TCS in real complex water samples. The material was synthesized by using chitosan (CTS) as functional monomer, which has rich surface O- and N-containing functional groups. The TCS imprinted CTS was coated on Fe(0) surface and then cross-linked with glutaraldehyde. Scanning electron microscopy suggested that the imprinted material was covered with a layer of imprinted film, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy confirmed that the imprinted material had more functional groups (amino and hydroxyl groups) than that of non-imprinted material...
June 25, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647590/differences-in-the-coronal-proteome-acquired-by-particles-depositing-in-the-lungs-of-asthmatic-versus-healthy-humans
#2
Abhinav Kumar, Elif Melis Bicer, Paul Pfeffer, Marco P Monopoli, Kenneth A Dawson, Jonny Eriksson, Katarina Edwards, Steven Lynham, Matthew Arno, Annelie F Behndig, Anders Blomberg, Graham Somers, Dave Hassall, Lea Ann Dailey, Ben Forbes, Ian Mudway
Most inhaled nanomedicines in development are for the treatment of lung disease, yet little is known about their interaction with the respiratory tract lining fluids (RTLF). Here we combined the use of nano-silica, as a protein concentrator, with label-free snapshot proteomics (LC-MS/MS; key findings confirmed by ELISA) to generate a quantitative profile of the RTLF proteome and provided insight into the evolved corona; information that may be used in future to improve drug targeting to the lungs by inhaled medicines...
June 21, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647262/development-of-a-hybrid-photo-bioreactor-and-nanoparticle-adsorbent-system-for-the-removal-of-co2-and-selected-organic-and-metal-co-pollutants
#3
Andrea A Rocha, Christian Wilde, Zhenzhong Hu, Oleg Nepotchatykh, Yevgen Nazarenko, Parisa A Ariya
Fossil fuel combustion and many industrial processes generate gaseous emissions that contain a number of toxic organic pollutants and carbon dioxide (CO2) which contribute to climate change and atmospheric pollution. There is a need for green and sustainable solutions to remove air pollutants, as opposed to conventional techniques which can be expensive, consume additional energy and generate further waste. We developed a novel integrated bioreactor combined with recyclable iron oxide nano/micro-particle adsorption interfaces, to remove CO2, and undesired organic air pollutants using natural particles, while generating oxygen...
July 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646193/fabrication-of-nitrogen-doped-nano-onions-and-their-electrocatalytic-activity-toward-the-oxygen-reduction-reaction
#4
E Y Choi, C K Kim
Nitrogen-doped nano-onions (NNO) were prepared as electrocatalytic materials for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). The nano-onions (NO), spherical graphitic material particles, were prepared by pyrolysis of nanodiamonds (ND). Oxidized NO (ONO) was prepared from NO by a modified Hummers' method, and this was mixed with urea, followed by pyrolysis, resulting in the formation of NNO. The nitrogen content and molar ratio of nitrogen-containing groups in the NNOs were varied by controlling the oxygen content of ONO to explore the effect of nitrogen content on the ORR activity...
June 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645629/production-and-characterization-of-aluminium-oxide-nanoshells-on-spray-dried-lactose
#5
Joel Hellrup, Mårten Rooth, Anders Johansson, Denny Mahlin
Atomic layer deposition (ALD) enables deposition of dense nanometer thick metal oxide nanoshells on powder particles with precise thickness control. This leads to products with low weight fraction coating, also when depositing on nano- or micron sized powder particles. This study aimed at investigating the aluminium oxide nanoshell thickness required to prevent moisture sorption. The nanoshells were produced with ALD on spray-dried lactose, which is amorphous and extremely hygroscopic. The particles were studied with dynamic vapor sorption between 0 to 50% RH, light scattering, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, differential scanning calorimetry, and polarized light microscopy...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639279/densification-of-silica-spheres-a-new-pathway-to-nano-dimensioned-zeolite-based-catalysts
#6
Albert Gonche Fortunatus Machoke, Benjamin Winter, Rainer Leonhardt, Venkata R Reddy Marthala, Martin Schmiele, Tobias Unruh, Martin Hartmann, Erdmann Spiecker, Wilhelm Schwieger
Nanosized materials are expected to play a unique role in the development of future catalytic processes. Herein, pre-prepared and geometrically well-defined amorphous silica spheres are densified into silica-rich zeolites with nanosized dimensions. After the densification, the obtained nanosized zeolites exhibit the same spherical morphology like the starting precursor but characterized by a drastically reduced size, higher density and high crystallinity. The phase transformation into crystalline zeolitic material and the densification effect are achieved via a well-controlled steam assisted treatment of the larger precursor particles so that the transformation process proceeds always towards the center of the spheres, just like a shrinking process...
June 22, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637416/mixed-micelles-as-nano-polymer-therapeutics-of-docetaxel-increased-in-vitro-cytotoxicity-and-decreased-in-vivo-toxicity
#7
Arehalli S Manjappa, Popat S Kumbhar, Prajakta S Khopade, Ajit B Patil, John I Disouza
Docetaxel (DTX) has been used to treat several types of cancers, but it has provided pharmaceutical challenges due to its poor water solubility and toxicities associated with the co-solvents (tween-80 and ethanol). Nanopolymer therapeutics can be engineered to deliver anticancer agent specifically to cancer cells, thereby leaving normal healthy cells unaffected by toxic drugs such as DTX. The objective of the present study was to synthesize the polyacrylic acid (PAA)-DTX conjugate (PAADC) and preparation of nanopolymer therapeutics such as PAADC/DSPE-mPEG2000 mixed micelles (PAADC-DP MMs)...
June 21, 2017: Current Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633850/stabilization-of-nano-structured-zno-particles-onto-the-surface-of-cotton-fibers-using-different-surfactants-and-their-antimicrobial-activity
#8
Issa M El-Nahhal, Abdelraouf A Elmanama, Nizam M El Ashgar, Nadia Amara, Mohamed Selmane, Mohamed M Chehimi
ZnO NPs were prepared and deposited onto cotton fibers via ultrasound irradiation successfully. Different surfactants (SDS, HY, CTAB, TX-100) have been used to stabilize, homogenize the coated ZnO NPs and control their shape and size as encapsulated species. The use of surfactants has improved the durability of ZnO NPs and decreased its leaching in particular SDS. The small mean crystallite size for ZnO particles due to the use of surfactants is the main reason for decreasing the leached of ZnO particles from cotton substrate...
September 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630474/nanoassembly-routes-stimulate-conflicting-antibody-quantity-and-quality-for-transmission-blocking-malaria-vaccines
#9
Darren B Leneghan, Kazutoyo Miura, Iona J Taylor, Yuanyuan Li, Jing Jin, Karl D Brune, Martin F Bachmann, Mark Howarth, Carole A Long, Sumi Biswas
Vaccine development efforts have recently focused on enabling strong immune responses to poorly immunogenic antigens, via display on multimerisation scaffolds or virus like particles (VLPs). Typically such studies demonstrate improved antibody titer comparing monomeric and nano-arrayed antigen. There are many such studies and scaffold technologies, but minimal side-by-side evaluation of platforms for both the amount and efficacy of antibodies induced. Here we present direct comparison of three leading platforms displaying the promising malaria transmission-blocking vaccine (TBV) target Pfs25...
June 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629822/structure-based-designed-nano-dysferlin-significantly-improves-dysferlinopathy-in-bla-j-mice
#10
Telmo Llanga, Nadia Nagy, Laura Conatser, Catherine Dial, R Bryan Sutton, Matthew L Hirsch
Dysferlinopathy is an autosomal recessive muscular dystrophy characterized by the progressive loss of motility that is caused by mutations throughout the DYSF gene. There are currently no approved therapies that ameliorate or reverse dysferlinopathy. Gene delivery using adeno-associated vectors (AAVs) is a leading therapeutic strategy for genetic diseases; however, the large size of dysferlin cDNA (6.2 kB) precludes packaging into a single AAV capsid. Therefore, using 3D structural modeling and hypothesizing dysferlin C2 domain redundancy, a 30% smaller, dysferlin-like molecule amenable to single AAV vector packaging was engineered (termed Nano-Dysferlin)...
June 16, 2017: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629096/synthesis-of-magnetic-nanoparticles-and-their-dispersions-with-special-reference-to-applications-in-biomedicine-and-biotechnology
#11
REVIEW
R V Mehta
Biomedical and biotechnological applications of magnetic nanoparticles and their dispersions in liquids are found to be potentially useful. An exponential growth in publications of papers, reviews and patents has been observed. Possibilities of their indiscriminate use on individual as well as environmental health hazards are also investigated. Still, there appears to be a good scope for further research work in the field. Even a small improvement either in preparation method or development of novel nanoparticles may prove to be beneficial in longer run...
October 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629056/antimicrobial-and-antioxidant-potentials-of-biosynthesized-colloidal-zinc-oxide-nanoparticles-for-a-fortified-cold-cream-formulation-a-potent-nanocosmeceutical-application
#12
Sonia S, Linda Jeeva Kumari H, Ruckmani K, Sivakumar M
Nanocosmeceuticals are promising applications of nanotechnology in personal care industries. Zinc oxide is an inorganic material that is non-toxic and skin compatible with self-cleansing and microbicidal properties. Herein, exploitation of colloidal zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnONps) as potent biomaterial for a topical formulation of cosmetic and dermatological significance is employed. ZnONps were green synthesized using environmentally benign Adhatoda vasica leaf extract and characterized by UV-Vis absorption spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), dynamic light scattering (DLS), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM) and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX)...
October 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628997/preparations-of-hyperbranched-polymer-nano-micelles-and-the-ph-redox-controlled-drug-release-behaviors
#13
Liping Zhang, Yamin Zhou, Gang Shi, Xinxin Sang, Caihua Ni
Hyperbranched polymer nano micelles (NMs) were prepared through a nucleophilic ring opening polymerization between cystamine and polyethylene glycol diglycidyl ether, followed by a reaction of amino groups and dimethyl maleic anhydride. The NMs showed spheric morphologies with hydrodynamic diameters of 106-120nm. Doxorubicin was loaded in the NMs with loading rate as high as 15.38wt%; The NMs possessed negative zeta potentials in aqueous solutions of pH7.4 due to the carboxyl ions on the particle surfaces, but the zeta potentials were converted to positive ones due to the hydrolysis of amide bonds at pH5...
October 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628135/-effect-of-nano-tio2-on-intestinal-glucose-absorption-in-young-rat-on-the-everted-gut-sac-model
#14
Y L Zhang, Z J Chen, S Chen, L Zhuo, G Jia, Y Wang
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles on intestinal glucose absorption in young rats and its size effect. METHODS: In the study, 63 small intestine segments were isolated from 63 Sprague-Dawley rats (SD rats, 4-week-old) to prepare the everted gut sac model. In the first part of our work, the everted sacs were exposed to 0, 50 mg/L TiO2 nanoparticles (24 nm) for 2 h with the presence of a series of glucose concentrations (10, 25, 50, 100, 200, 400, and 800 mmol/L), and the glucose absorbing function of the everted sacs were assessed in the process...
June 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627324/preparation-characterization-and-in-vitro-cytotoxicity-of-chitosan-hydrogels-containing-silver-nanoparticles
#15
Bożena Tyliszczak, Anna Drabczyk, Sonia Kudłacik-Kramarczyk, Agnieszka Sobczak-Kupiec
Hydrogels, chitosan as well as silver nanoparticles become in recent years materials characterized by a great interest. In present paper hydrogel based on chitosan and containing mention type of nano-sized particles have been synthesized by means of photopolymerization. Sorption capacity in selected liquids as well as behavior in simulated body fluid (such as Ringer's liquid) have been determined. Particularly attention was paid to the studies on toxicity of the hydrogels in relation to the epidermal cells as well as on their impact on growth of selected strain of bacteria (Escherichia coli)...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624739/degradation-of-1-4-dioxane-by-biochar-supported-nano-magnetite-particles-activating-persulfate
#16
Da Ouyang, Jingchun Yan, Linbo Qian, Yun Chen, Lu Han, Anqi Su, Wenying Zhang, Hao Ni, Mengfang Chen
Nano magnetite biochar composite (nFe3O4/biochar) was synthesized and used to activate persulfate for the degradation of 1,4-dioxane. Analytical techniques using X-ray diffraction (XRD), fourier transform infrared analysis (FTIR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) indicated that nFe3O4 was spherical and successfully loaded onto the surface of biochar. The results of batch-scale experiments illustrated that the 1,4-dioxane degradation efficiency in aqueous phase was 98...
May 30, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623278/highly-conductive-nano-sized-magn%C3%A3-li-phases-titanium-oxide-tiox
#17
Aditya F Arif, Ratna Balgis, Takashi Ogi, Ferry Iskandar, Akihiro Kinoshita, Keitaro Nakamura, Kikuo Okuyama
Despite the strong recent revival of Magnéli phase TiOx as a promising conductive material, synthesis of Magnéli phase TiOx nanoparticles has been a challenge because of the heavy sintering nature of TiO2 at elevated temperatures. We have successfully synthesized chain-structured Magnéli phases TiOx with diameters under 30 nm using a thermal-induced plasma process. The synthesized nanoparticles consisted of a mixture of several Magnéli phases. A post-synthesis heat-treatment was performed to reduce the electrical resistivity without changing the particle morphology...
June 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622824/toxicological-assessment-of-nano-and-micron-sized-tungsten-oxide-after-28days-repeated-oral-administration-to-wistar-rats
#18
Srinivas Chinde, Paramjit Grover
Tungsten oxide (WO3) nanoparticles (NPs) are being used in various applications. However, the health consequences of WO3 NPs exposure have not been explored extensively. Hence, the goal of this study was to evaluate the toxicity of WO3 NPs and their microparticles (MPs) after 28days repeated oral administration in Wistar rats. The particles were characterised by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), dynamic light scattering (DLS), laser Doppler velocimetry (LDV), Brunner-Emmett-Teller (BET), X- ray diffraction (XRD), and inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometer (ICP-OES)...
July 2017: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621544/interrogating-charge-storage-on-redox-active-colloids-via-combined-raman-spectroscopy-and-scanning-electrochemical-microscopy
#19
Zachary T Gossage, Noah Benjamin Schorr, Kenneth Hernandez-Burgos, Jingshu Hui, Burton H Simpson, Elena C Montoto, Joaquin Rodriguez-Lopez
Redox active colloids (RACs) are dispersible, cross-linked polymeric materials that incorporate a high concentration of redox-active motifs, making them attractive for next-generation size-exclusion redox flow batteries. In order to tap into their full potential for energy storage, it is essential to understand their internal charge mobility, capacity, and cyclability. Here we focus on using a combined suite of Raman spectroscopy and scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM) tools for evaluating three important parameters that govern charge storage in viologen-RACs: their intra-particle redox active concentration, their reduction/oxidation mechanism, and their charge transfer rate...
June 16, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621456/absorption-distribution-and-excretion-of-four-forms-of-titanium-dioxide-pigment-in-the-rat
#20
Thomas P Farrell, Berna Magnuson
Titanium dioxide (TiO2 ) is a white color additive that has a long history of global approval and use in food. There is, however, considerable confusion regarding the applicability of the biological effects of novel, engineered, nano-sized forms of TiO2 developed for nonpigmentary applications to the safety of oral exposure to food grade TiO2 pigment. The objective of this study was to assess the absorption, distribution, and routes of excretion in rats after oral exposure to food grade TiO2 . Four different grades of TiO2 (200 ppm) or control (0 ppm) diets were fed to rats for 7 consecutive days, followed by control diet only for 1, 24, or 72 h...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Food Science
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