Read by QxMD icon Read

Nano particle

Sameena N Malik, Prakash C Ghosh, Atul N Vaidya, Sandeep N Mudliar
The study investigates the effect of catalytic ozone pretreatment via Fe2+ and nZVI on biodegradability enhancement of complex textile effluent. The nZVI particles were synthesized and characterized by XRD, TEM and SEM analyses. Results showed that nano catalytic ozone pretreatment led to higher biodegradability index (BOD5 /COD = BI) enhancement up to 0.61 (134.6%) along with COD, color and toxicity removal up to 73.5%, 87%, and 92% respectively. The disappearance of the corresponding GCMS & FTIR spectral peaks during catalyzed ozonation process indicated the cleavage of chromophore group and degradation of organic compounds present in the textile effluent...
June 4, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Long Bai, Yanlian Liu, Zhibin Du, Zeming Weng, Wei Yao, Xiangyu Zhang, Xiaobo Huang, Xiaohong Yao, Ross Crawford, Ruiqiang Hang, Di Huang, Bin Tang, Yin Xiao
Coating materials applied for intraosseous implants must be optimized to stimulate osseointegration. Osseointegration is a temporal and spatial physiological process that not only requires interactions between osteogenesis and angiogenesis but also necessitates a favorable immune microenvironment. It is now well-documented that hierarchical nano-micro surface structures promote the long-term stability of implants, the interactions between nano-micro structure and the immune response are largely unknown. Here, we report the effects of microporous titanium (Ti) surfaces coated with nano-hydroxyapatite (HA) produced by micro-arc oxidation and steam-hydrothermal treatment (SHT) on multiple cell behavior and osseointegration...
June 14, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
Aman Chandra Kaushik, Shiv Bharadwaj, Sanjay Kumar, Dong-Qing Wei
Parkinson's disease (PD) arises as neurodegenerative disorder and characterized by progressive deterioration of motor functions due to forfeiture of dopamine-releasing neurons. During PD, neurons at stake loss their functionality that results into cognition impairment and forgetfulness, commonly called as dementia. Recently, nanoparticles (NPs) have been reported for easy drug delivery through blood-brain barrier (BBB) into the central nervous system (CNS) against the conventional drug delivery systems. However, present study attempted to elucidate the α-synuclein activity, a major factor casing PD, in presence of its inhibitor cerium oxide (CeO2 ) nanoparticle via computational biology approach...
June 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
Carlos Cabal Mirabal, Adolfo Fernández García, Manuel Lores Guevara, Evelio González, Leonardo Oramas Díaz
The potentials of the magnetic resonance (MR) methods in the research of biomedical systems have been demonstrated during the 70 years of its existence. It is presented that the Cuban experience in quantitative magnetic resonance associated with molecular, preclinical and clinical studies of significant diseases and drugs development. MR "in vitro" and "in vivo" studies of sickle cell disease, the diabetic foot ulcer, the brain tumor response and the magnetic nano-particle pharmacokinetics, are presented as example...
2018: Applied Magnetic Resonance
Simon Müller, Patrick Pietsch, Ben-Elias Brandt, Paul Baade, Vincent De Andrade, Francesco De Carlo, Vanessa Wood
Capacity fade in lithium-ion battery electrodes can result from a degradation mechanism in which the carbon black-binder network detaches from the active material. Here we present two approaches to visualize and quantify this detachment and use the experimental results to develop and validate a model that considers how the active particle size, the viscoelastic parameters of the composite electrode, the adhesion between the active particle and the carbon black-binder domain, and the solid electrolyte interphase growth rate impact detachment and capacity fade...
June 14, 2018: Nature Communications
Ran Kong, Fanyu Zhang, Gonghui Wang, Jianbing Peng
Improving the performance of loess is of significant importance for lowering its collapsibility and water sensitivity to construction requirements and for geohazard mitigation. The present paper studies the changes in mechanical, structural, and mineralogical properties of nano-SiO₂-treated loess with different contents and curing days. The mechanical behavior was examined by unconfined compressive strength (UCS) of untreated and treated loess. To better understand the mechanisms of stabilization, particle size distributions, scanning electron microscope (SEM) images, and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analyses were carried out...
June 14, 2018: Materials
John Jankovic, Tracy L Zontek, Megan Moore, Burton R Ogle, Scott Hollenbeck
BACKGROUND: Due to the lack of standard industrial hygiene sampling protocols for collection of nano-scale materials, sampling inlet device selection is left to individual researchers and professionals. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare nano-scale aspiration efficiency for common inlet configurations with that of an open-ended sampler tube that is a commonly used inlet for direct reading instruments such as a condensation particle counter. METHODS: A polydisperse aerosol was generated using an electric motor as the aerosol source...
June 14, 2018: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
Meirav Cohen, Noam Weisbrod
In field applications, mostly in porous media, transport of stabilized nano zerovalent iron particles (nZVI) has never exceeded a few meters in range. In the present study, the transport of Carbo-Iron Colloids (CIC), a composite material of activated carbon as a carrier for nZVI stabilized by carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC), was tested under field conditions. The field site lies within a fractured chalk aquitard characterized by moderately saline (~13 mS) groundwater. A forced gradient tracer test was conducted where one borehole was pumped at a rate of 8 L/min and CMC-stabilized CIC was introduced at an injection borehole 47 meters up-gradient...
June 14, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
Dawlat Mostafa, Moustafa Aboushelib
BACKGROUND: Zirconia is characterized by a hard, dense, and chemically inert surface which requires additional surface treatments in order to enhance osseointegration. The proposed hypothesis of the study was that combination of a nano-porous surface infiltrated with a bioactive material may enhance osseointegration of zirconia implants. METHODS: Custom-made zirconia implants (3.7 mm × 8 mm) were designed, milled, and sintered according to manufacturer recommendations...
June 14, 2018: International Journal of Implant Dentistry
Alireza Rahnama, Hiren Kotadia, Samuel Clark, Vit Janik, Seetharaman Sridhar
High Al Low-density steels could have a transformative effect on the light-weighting of steel structures for transportation. They can achieve the desired properties with the minimum amount of Ni, and thus are of great interest from an economic perspective. In this study, the mechanical properties of two duplex low-density steels, Fe-15Mn-10Al-0.8C-5Ni and Fe-15Mn-10Al-0.8 C (wt.%) were investigated through nano-indentation and simulation through utilization of ab-initio formalisms in Density Functional Theory (DFT) in order to establish the hardness resulting from two critical structural features (κ-carbides and B2 intermetallic) as a function of annealing temperature (500-1050 °C) and the addition of Ni...
June 13, 2018: Scientific Reports
W Wang, R Yang, F Zhang, B Yuan, K Yang, Y Ma
Transmembrane penetration of nanoparticles (NPs) promises an effective pathway for cargo delivery into cells, and offers the possibility of organelle-specific targeting for biomedical applications. However, a full understanding of the underlying NP-membrane interaction mechanism is still lacking. In this work, the membrane penetration behavior of NPs is statistically analyzed based on the simulations of over 2.2 ms, which are performed with dissipative particle dynamics (DPD). Influences from multiple factors including the NP concentration, shape and surface chemistry are taken into account...
June 13, 2018: Nanoscale
Wei Li, Wanqing Hou, Xiaomeng Guo, Lihua Luo, Qingpo Li, Chunqi Zhu, Jie Yang, Jiang Zhu, Yongzhong Du, Jian You
Recently, nano-sized ultrasound contrast agents encapsulating drugs for cancer diagnosis and therapy have attracted much attention. However, the ultrasound signal of these agents is too weak to obtain an ideal ultrasound imaging effect. Furthermore, conventional ultrasound contrast agents with strong echo signal are not suitable for drug delivery against cancer because of their large size. To circumvent this problem, phase-transition ultrasound contrast agents are believed to be an excellent choice. Methods: Liposomes co-encapsulating doxorubicin (DOX), hollow gold nanospheres (HAuNS), and perfluorocarbon (PFC) were synthesized by film dispersion method...
2018: Theranostics
Sampath Gamage, Marquez Howard, Hiroki Makita, Brendan Cross, Gary Hastings, Ming Luo, Yohannes Abate
Enveloped viruses, such as HIV, Ebola and Influenza, are among the most deadly known viruses. Cellular membrane penetration of enveloped viruses is a critical step in the cascade of events that lead to entry into the host cell. Conventional ensemble fusion assays rely on collective responses to membrane fusion events, and do not allow direct and quantitative studies of the subtle and intricate fusion details. Such details are accessible via single particle investigation techniques, however. Here, we implement nano-infrared spectroscopic imaging to investigate the chemical and structural modifications that occur prior to membrane fusion in the single archetypal enveloped virus, influenza X31...
2018: PloS One
Mahdi Rahimi, Vahid Shafiei-Irannejad, Kazem D Safa, Roya Salehi
A possible approach for clinical cancer treatment is combination chemotherapy. To address this issue, many anticancer agents have been used simultaneously to achieve synergistic effects with the different mechanism of actions, however, their toxic side effects are still a big challenge. In this study, a smart, biocompatible, magnetic nanocarrier composed of multi-branched ionic liquid-chitosan grafted mPEG was designed and used for targeted multidrug delivery of DOX and MTX as model anticancer agents to MCF7 breast cancer cells...
September 15, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
Takahiro Kakuta, Tada-Aki Yamagishi, Tomoki Ogoshi
Supramolecular assemblies are constructed from at least two molecules through various noncovalent bonding modes such as hydrogen bonding, cationic-anionic electrostatic interactions, aromatic interactions, metal-ligand bonding, hydrophobic-hydrophilic interactions, and charge-transfer interactions. Owing to the dynamic and reversible nature of these noncovalent bonds, the assembly and disassembly of these molecules are dynamic and reversible. Molecules self-assemble to form the most conformationally and thermally stable structures through these noncovalent interactions...
June 11, 2018: Accounts of Chemical Research
Giti Kalantarian, Nasrin Ziamajidi, Reza Mahjoub, Mohammad Taghi Goodarzi, Massoud Saidijam, Sara Soleimani Asl, Roghayeh Abbasalipourkabir
BACKGROUND: Subcutaneous injection of insulin can lead to problems such as hypoglycemia and edema. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this research was to evaluate the effect of oral insulin-coated trimethyl chitosan nanoparticles on control of glycemic status, IGF-1 and IGF-2 levels, and apoptosis in the hippocampus of rats with diabetes mellitus. METHODS: Insulin-coated trimethyl chitosan nanoparticles were prepared by the complex polyelectrolyte (PEC) method...
June 6, 2018: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
Paulo Pedrosa, Armando Ferreira, Nicolas Martin, Mohammad Arab Pour Yazdi, Alain Billard, Senentxu Lanceros-Mendez, Filipe Vaz
Inclined, zigzag and spiral TiAg films were prepared by GLancing Angle Deposition (GLAD), using two distinct Ti and Ag targets with a particle incident angle of 80º and Ag contents ranging from 20 to 75 at. %. The effect of increasing Ag incorporation and columnar architecture change on the morphological, structural and electrical properties of the films was investigated. It is shown that inclined columnar features (β = 47º) with high porosity were obtained for 20 at. % Ag, with the column angle sharply decreasing (β = 21º) for 50 at...
June 11, 2018: Nanotechnology
Prashant Chandrasekharan, Zhi Wei Tay, Xinyi Yedda Zhou, Elaine Yu, Ryan Orendorff, Daniel Hensley, Quincy Huynh, King Long Barry Fung, Caylin Colson VanHook, Patrick Goodwill, Bo Zheng, Steven Conolly
Magnetic Particle Imaging (MPI), introduced at the beginning of the twenty-first century, is emerging as a promising diagnostic tool in addition to the current repertoire of medical imaging modalities. Using superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIOs), that are available for clinical use, MPI produces high contrast and highly sensitive tomographic images with absolute quantitation, no tissue attenuation at-depth, and there are no view limitations. The MPI signal is governed by the Brownian and Néel relaxation behavior of the particles...
June 11, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
Cynthia Hajal, Marco Campisi, Clara Mattu, Valeria Chiono, Roger D Kamm
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) is the tightest endothelial barrier in humans. Characterized by the presence of tight endothelial junctions and adherens junctions, the primary function of the BBB is to maintain brain homeostasis through the control of solute transit across the barrier. The specific features of this barrier make for unique modes of transport of solutes, nanoparticles, and cells across the BBB. Understanding the different routes of traffic adopted by each of these is therefore critical in the development of targeted therapies...
July 2018: Biomicrofluidics
Jeffrey W Bullard, John Hagedorn, M Tyler Ley, Qinang Hu, Wesley Griffin, Judith E Terrill
Advances in nano-computed X-ray tomography (nCT), nano X-ray fluorescence spectrometry (nXRF), and high-performance computing have enabled the first direct comparison between observations of three-dimensional nanoscale microstructure evolution during cement hydration and computer simulations of the same microstructure using HydratiCA. nCT observations of a collection of triclinic tricalcium silicate (Ca3 SiO5 ) particles reacting in a calcium hydroxide solution are reported and compared to simulations that duplicate, as nearly as possible, the thermal and chemical conditions of those experiments...
April 2018: Journal of the American Ceramic Society
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"