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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912776/improving-stroke-prevention-therapy-for-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-in-primary-care-protocol-for-a-pragmatic-cluster-randomized-trial
#1
Theresa M Lee, Noah M Ivers, Sacha Bhatia, Debra A Butt, Paul Dorian, Liisa Jaakkimainen, Kori Leblanc, Dan Legge, Dante Morra, Alissia Valentinis, Laura Wing, Jacqueline Young, Karen Tu
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF) is growing as the population ages, and at least 15% of ischemic strokes are attributed to AF. However, many high-risk AF patients are not offered guideline-recommended stroke prevention therapy due to a variety of system, provider, and patient-level barriers. METHODS: We will conduct a pragmatic, cluster-randomized controlled trial randomizing primary care clinics to test a "toolkit" of quality improvement interventions in primary care...
December 3, 2016: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910695/understanding-reconstructed-dante-spectra-using-high-resolution-spectroscopy
#2
M J May, J Weaver, K Widmann, G E Kemp, D Thorn, J D Colvin, M B Schneider, A Moore, B E Blue
The Dante is an 18 channel filtered diode array used at the National Ignition Facility (NIF) to measure the spectrally and temporally resolved radiation flux between 50 eV and 20 keV from various targets. The absolute flux is determined from the radiometric calibration of the x-ray diodes, filters, and mirrors and a reconstruction algorithm applied to the recorded voltages from each channel. The reconstructed spectra are very low resolution with features consistent with the instrument response and are not necessarily consistent with the spectral emission features from the plasma...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910498/using-visar-to-assess-the-m-band-isotropy-in-hohlraums
#3
N E Lanier, J L Kline, J Morton
In laser based radiation flow experiments, drive variability can often overwhelm the physics sensitivity that one seeks to quantify. Hohlraums can help by providing a more symmetrized, Planckian-like source. However, at higher temperatures, the hohlraum's actual emission can deviate significantly from a truly blackbody, Lambertian source. At the National Ignition Facility (NIF), Dante provides the best quantification of hohlraum output. Unfortunately, limited diagnostic access coupled with NIF's natural symmetry does not allow for Dante measurements at more than two angles...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910422/measurements-of-laser-generated-soft-x-ray-emission-from-irradiated-gold-foils
#4
J S Davis, Y Frank, E Raicher, M Fraenkel, P A Keiter, S R Klein, R P Drake, D Shvarts
Soft x-ray emission from laser irradiated gold foils was measured at the Omega-60 laser system using the Dante photodiode array. The foils were heated with 2 kJ, 6 ns laser pulses and foil thicknesses were varied between 0.5, 1.0, and 2.0 μm. Initial Dante analysis indicates peak emission temperatures of roughly 100 eV and 80 eV for the 0.5 μm and 1.0 μm thick foils, respectively, with little measurable emission from the 2.0 μm foils.
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894321/encephalomyocarditis-virus-infection-in-macaca-sylvanus-and-hystrix-cristata-from-an-italian-rescue-centre-for-wild-and-exotic-animals
#5
Giusy Cardeti, Valeria Mariano, Claudia Eleni, Marco Aloisi, Goffredo Grifoni, Stefania Sittinieri, Giampiero Dante, Valeria Antognetti, Efrem Alessandro Foglia, Antonella Cersini, Alberigo Nardi
BACKGROUND: The Encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV) is a small, non enveloped, positive sense single-stranded RNA virus in the genus Cardiovirus, family Picornaviridae, with two known serotypes. It is spread worldwide and infects a huge range of vertebrate hosts with zoonotic potential for humans. The pig is the mammal most likely to be impacted on with the disease, but EMCV occurrence has also been reported in non-human primates and in a variety of domestic, captive and wild animals. Until now, human cases have been very rare and the risk appears to be almost negligible in spite of human susceptibility to the infection...
November 28, 2016: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875996/differences-in-the-skeletal-muscle-transcriptome-profile-associated-with-extreme-values-of-fatty-acids-content
#6
Aline S M Cesar, Luciana C A Regitano, Mirele D Poleti, Sónia C S Andrade, Polyana C Tizioto, Priscila S N Oliveira, Andrezza M Felício, Michele L do Nascimento, Amália S Chaves, Dante P D Lanna, Rymer R Tullio, Renata T Nassu, James E Koltes, Eric Fritz-Waters, Gerson B Mourão, Adhemar Zerlotini-Neto, James M Reecy, Luiz L Coutinho
BACKGROUND: Lipids are a class of molecules that play an important role in cellular structure and metabolism in all cell types. In the last few decades, it has been reported that long-chain fatty acids (FAs) are involved in several biological functions from transcriptional regulation to physiological processes. Several fatty acids have been both positively and negatively implicated in different biological processes in skeletal muscle and other tissues. To gain insight into biological processes associated with fatty acid content in skeletal muscle, the aim of the present study was to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and functional pathways related to gene expression regulation associated with FA content in cattle...
November 22, 2016: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865429/maternal-education-is-associated-with-disparities-in-breastfeeding-at-time-of-discharge-but-not-at-initiation-of-enteral-feeding-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#7
Lena Carolin Herich, Marina Cuttini, Ileana Croci, Francesco Franco, Domenico Di Lallo, Dante Baronciani, Katia Fares, Giancarlo Gargano, Massimiliano Raponi, Jennifer Zeitlin
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between maternal education and breastfeeding in very preterm infants admitted to neonatal intensive care units. STUDY DESIGN: This prospective, population-based cohort study analyzed the data of all very preterm infants admitted to neonatal care during 1 year in 3 regions in Italy (Lazio, Emilia-Romagna, and Marche). The use of mothers' own milk was recorded at initial enteral feedings and at hospital discharge. We used multilevel logistic analysis to model the association between maternal education and breastfeeding outcomes, adjusting for maternal age and country of birth...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863763/guidelines-on-beta-thalassemia-major-regular-blood-transfusion-therapy-associa%C3%A3-%C3%A3-o-brasileira-de-hematologia-hemoterapia-e-terapia-celular-project-guidelines-associa%C3%A3-%C3%A3-o-m%C3%A3-dica-brasileira-2016
#8
Dante Langhi, Eugênia Maria Amorim Ubiali, José Francisco Comenalli Marques, Mônica de Almeida Verissimo, Sandra Regina Loggetto, Antonio Silvinato, Wanderley Marques Bernardo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861679/-evaluation-of-the-cold-chain-for-vaccine-conservation-in-primary-healthcare-centers-in-the-south-and-midwest-regions-of-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-city-brazil-in-2011-2012
#9
Dante Raglione, Gustavo Antônio Marcolongo Bezerra, Marta Heloísa Lopes, Maria Lígia Bacciotte Ramos Nerger, Tereza Cristina Guimarães, Ana Marli Christovam Sartori
OBJECTIVE: to assess the cold chain capacity, health workers' immunobiological product conservation knowledge and practices in Primary Healthcare Centers (PHC) in São Paulo city, Brazil. METHODS: this descriptive study included 24 randomly selected PHC in the South and Midwest regions of the city; between December 2011 and July 2012, we interviewed the health workers on their vaccine conservation knowledge/practice and observed the local infrastructure, using a form developed for this project; we assigned points to items of the form and classified each PHC as sufficient, regular or insufficient...
January 2016: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859903/corticostriatal-connectivity-fingerprints-probability-maps-based-on-resting-state-functional-connectivity
#10
Ellen Jaspers, Joshua H Balsters, Pegah Kassraian Fard, Dante Mantini, Nicole Wenderoth
Over the last decade, structure-function relationships have begun to encompass networks of brain areas rather than individual structures. For example, corticostriatal circuits have been associated with sensorimotor, limbic, and cognitive information processing, and damage to these circuits has been shown to produce unique behavioral outcomes in Autism, Parkinson's Disease, Schizophrenia and healthy ageing. However, it remains an open question how abnormal or absent connectivity can be detected at the individual level...
November 12, 2016: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809966/abomasal-mucosal-immune-responses-of-cattle-with-limited-or-continuous-exposure-to-pasture-borne-gastrointestinal-nematode-parasite-infection
#11
Wenbin Tuo, Lei Li, Yingjun Lv, Jose Carrillo, Dedra Brown, William C Davis, Jiuzhou Song, Dante Zarlenga, Zhengguo Xiao
It has been well documented that cattle raised on pasture are slow in weight gain when compared to those fed with grain. Inflammation in the digestive system commonly caused by pasture-transmitted gastrointestinal (GI) nematode parasites that could negatively impact feed conversion has never been compared in cattle raised with no pasture exposure (NPE, uninfected), limited pasture exposure (LPE, exposure until weaning), or continuous pasture exposure (CPE, life time exposure). In the present study, the abomasal mucosal immune responses and inflammation of LPE and CPE cattle were investigated...
October 15, 2016: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806049/containing-ebola-at-the-source-with-ring-vaccination
#12
Stefano Merler, Marco Ajelli, Laura Fumanelli, Stefano Parlamento, Ana Pastore Y Piontti, Natalie E Dean, Giovanni Putoto, Dante Carraro, Ira M Longini, M Elizabeth Halloran, Alessandro Vespignani
Interim results from the Guinea Ebola ring vaccination trial suggest high efficacy of the rVSV-ZEBOV vaccine. These findings open the door to the use of ring vaccination strategies in which the contacts and contacts of contacts of each index case are promptly vaccinated to contain future Ebola virus disease outbreaks. To provide a numerical estimate of the effectiveness of ring vaccination strategies we introduce a spatially explicit agent-based model to simulate Ebola outbreaks in the Pujehun district, Sierra Leone, structurally similar to previous modelling approaches...
November 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805961/intraoperative-adverse-events-in-abdominal-surgery-what-happens-in-the-operating-room-does-not-stay-in-the-operating-room
#13
Jordan D Bohnen, Michael N Mavros, Elie P Ramly, Yuchiao Chang, D Dante Yeh, Jarone Lee, Marc de Moya, David R King, Peter J Fagenholz, Kathryn Butler, George C Velmahos, Haytham M A Kaafarani
OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess the impact of intraoperative adverse events (iAEs) on 30-day postoperative mortality, 30-day postoperative morbidity, and postoperative length of stay (LOS) among patients undergoing abdominal surgery. We hypothesized that iAEs would be associated with significant increases in each outcome. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The relationship between iAEs and postoperative clinical outcomes remains largely unknown. METHODS: The 2007 to 2012 institutional ACS-NSQIP and administrative databases for abdominal surgeries were matched then screened for iAEs using the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's 15 Patient Safety Indicator, "Accidental Puncture/Laceration"...
November 1, 2016: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794082/impact-of-noninvasive-ventilation-on-lung-volumes-and-maximum-respiratory-pressures-in-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy
#14
Dante Brasil Santos, Isabelle Vaugier, Ghilas Boussaïd, David Orlikowski, Hélène Prigent, Frédéric Lofaso
BACKGROUND: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a sex-linked genetic disorder in which progressive impairment of skeletal muscle function eventually leads to severe respiratory failure requiring continuous noninvasive ventilation (NIV) at home. A current focus of debate is whether NIV may slow the decline in respiratory function or, on the contrary, worsen respiratory function when started early. Our objective here was to describe the effects of NIV on vital capacity (VC) and maximum respiratory pressures in DMD...
November 2016: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791262/polydeoxyribonucleotides-pdrns-from-skin-to-musculoskeletal-tissue-regeneration-via-adenosine-a2a-receptor-involvement-a-mini-review
#15
REVIEW
Francesca Veronesi, Dante Dallari, Giacomo Sabbioni, Chiara Carubbi, Lucia Martini, Milena Fini
Polydeoxyribonucleotides (PDRNs) are low molecular weight DNA molecules of natural origin that stimulate cell migration and growth, extracellular matrix (ECM) protein production and reduce inflammation. Most preclinical and clinical studies on tissue regeneration with PDRNs focused on skin, and only few are about musculoskeletal tissues. Starting from an overview on skin regeneration studies, through the analysis of in vitro, in vivo and clinical studies (1990-2016), the present review aimed at defining the effects of PDRN and their mechanisms of action in the regeneration of musculoskeletal tissues...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790584/comparative-evaluation-of-efficacy-of-three-different-herbal-toothpastes-on-salivary-alkaline-phosphatase-and-salivary-acid-phosphatase-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Mahesh Khairnar, Arun Dodamani, G N Karibasappa, Manjiri Deshmukh, Rahul Naik
INTRODUCTION: Very few researches in the past have tried to evaluate the effect of herbal toothpaste on saliva and salivary constituents like alkaline phosphatase and acid phosphatase which play an important role in maintaining oral health. AIM: To evaluate and compare the effect of three different herbal toothpastes on Salivary Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP) and salivary Acid Phosphatase (ACP). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The present study was a preliminary study conducted among 45 dental students (15 subjects in each group) in the age group of 19-21 years...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787911/accelerating-4d-flow-mri-by-exploiting-low-rank-matrix-structure-and-hadamard-sparsity
#17
Giuseppe Valvano, Nicola Martini, Adrian Huber, Claudio Santelli, Christian Binter, Dante Chiappino, Luigi Landini, Sebastian Kozerke
PURPOSE: To develop accelerated 4D flow MRI by exploiting low-rank matrix structure and Hadamard sparsity. THEORY AND METHODS: 4D flow MRI data can be represented as the sum of a low-rank and a sparse component. To optimize the sparse representation of the data, it is proposed to incorporate a Hadamard transform of the velocity-encoding segments. Retrospectively and prospectively, undersampled data of the aorta of healthy subjects are used to assess the reconstruction accuracy of the proposed method relative to k-t SPARSE-SENSE reconstruction...
October 27, 2016: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771863/solution-nmr-structure-of-the-hltf-hiran-domain-a-conserved-module-in-swi2-snf2-dna-damage-tolerance-proteins
#18
Dmitry M Korzhnev, Dante Neculai, Sirano Dhe-Paganon, Cheryl H Arrowsmith, Irina Bezsonova
HLTF is a SWI2/SNF2-family ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling enzyme that acts in the error-free branch of DNA damage tolerance (DDT), a cellular mechanism that enables replication of damaged DNA while leaving damage repair for a later time. Human HLTF and a closely related protein SHPRH, as well as their yeast homologue Rad5, are multi-functional enzymes that share E3 ubiquitin-ligase activity required for activation of the error-free DDT. HLTF and Rad5 also function as ATP-dependent dsDNA translocases and possess replication fork reversal activities...
October 22, 2016: Journal of Biomolecular NMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771016/false-dichotomies-in-global-health-the-need-for-integrative-thinking
#19
Julio Frenk, Octavio Gómez-Dantés
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 19, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762158/perception-and-description-of-new-world-non-human-primates-in-the-travel-literature-of-the-fifteenth-and-sixteenth-centuries-a-critical-review
#20
Cecilia Veracini, Dante Martins Teixeira
The current work presents the results of a review of most of the European diaries and travel chronicles containing reports of New World non-human primates dating from the discovery of America in 1492 until the end of the sixteenth century. We report the integral texts translated into English of these literary sources, giving a critical interpretation from a historical and scientific point of view. We note the ways these primates were perceived and described, with attention to the most important characteristics that were highlighted by the first explorers...
October 20, 2016: Annals of Science
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