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Mohammad Abid Keen, Iffat Hassan Shah, Gousia Sheikh
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common endocrine disorders in women, affecting 5-10% of reproductive-aged women. The dermatologic manifestations of hyperandrogenism, chiefly hirsutism, acne vulgaris, androgenic alopecia, and acanthosis nigricans, are among the cardinal manifestations of PCOS. AIM: To study the incidence and prevalence of various cutaneous manifestations in patients with PCOS and to correlate these skin manifestations with hormonal changes...
March 2017: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
X G Liu, J Y Li, Y Bai, L X Zhang, X Wu, Y Y Ma, L J Chai, L L Zheng
Objective: To analyze the clinical and genetic features of primary hypertrophic osteoarthropathy (PHO). Methods: The clinical data of one Chinese pedigree of PHO, namely pachydermoperiostosis (PDP) were collected.Blood samples were drawn from the propositus and other family members.DNA was extracted and genetic analysis was performed by Sanger method after PCR.The sequencing data of HPGD gene exons were analyzed by alignment with sequences from National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI). Results: (1)The propositus represented symptoms in childhood including clubbing fingers, sweating, seborrhea, joint swelling and so on...
March 1, 2017: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
O N Pozdnyakova, O B Nemchaninova, S G Lykova, T B Reshetnikova
AIM: To determine the clinical features of skin diseases developing in the presence of metabolic disturbances in patients with chronic diffuse liver diseases. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 368 patients with different clinical forms of hepatopathy were comprehensively examined. RESULTS: 817 cases of seborrhea, skin itch, xerodermia, xanthomatosis, and dyschromia were detected in 318 (86.4%) patients. CONCLUSION: The prevalence and intensity of cutaneous manifestations depended on the nature of the pathological liver process and indirectly testified to its severity and activity...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
Kubra Esen Salman, Ilknur Kivanc Altunay, Nihal Asli Kucukunal, Asli Aksu Cerman
BACKGROUND: Androgenetic alopecia (AGA) is a patterned hair loss occurring due to systemic androgen and genetic factors. It is the most common cause of hair loss in both genders. In recent years, many studies investigating the relation between systemic diseases and androgenetic alopecia presented controversial results. OBJECTIVES: In this study we aimed to investigate the frequency of androgenetic alopecia, the presence of accompanying systemic diseases, the relation between body mass index and androgenetic alopecia severity and the association of hyperandrogenemia signs with androgenetic alopecia in patients who referred to our outpatient clinic...
January 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
Kyle Brewster, Scott E Henke, Clay Hilton, Alfonso Ortega-S
Sarcoptic mange, caused by the mite Sarcoptes scabiei , is a common, highly contagious skin disease that has been reported from more than 100 species of mammals, including humans. Our objectives were to 1) determine the prevalence of sarcoptic mange within mammals from southern Texas, and 2) determine the efficacy of using remote cameras to estimate mange prevalence. We collected remote camera photographs from a 64-km(2) area and blood and skin scrapings from 166 mammals representing 12 species in southern Texas, US during 2012-13...
April 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
Emine Çölgeçen, Kemal Özyurt, Ayten Ferahbaş Kesikoğlu
BACKGROUND/AIM: Systemic isotretinoin has been widely considered an effective and safe medical treatment for severe and refractory acne for nearly 3 decades. However, it also appears to cause undesirable cutaneous side effects. The aim of this study was to prospectively measure biophysical parameters of skin function among patients with acne vulgaris before and after 3 months of isotretinoin therapy, including pH, temperature, sebum content, skin hydration, and transepidermal water loss...
December 20, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
Diogo Semedo, Filipa Ladeiro, Mariana Ruivo, Carlos D'Oliveira, Filipa De Sousa, Mariana Gayo, Clara Lima, Frederico Magalhães, Rui Brandão, Maria Branco, Isabel Da Silva, Joana Batista, João Amado, António Massa, João Neves-Amado
INTRODUCTION: Though typically found in adolescents, acne frequently affects the adult population. In Portugal, no representative studies about acne prevalence in greater populational areas are known. This study had the following objectives: calculate acne prevalence in primary healthcare patients; its characteristics, including risk factors for onset and worsening; collect information concerning selfmedication and/or prescribed treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Application of a questionnaire and physical examination into a convenience sample, composed by adults from20 - 60 years old that visited, in random days, five primary healthcare centers of the Greater Porto area...
September 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
Jusal Quanico, Jean-Pascal Gimeno, Florence Nadal-Wollbold, Christiane Casas, Sandrine Alvarez-Georges, Daniel Redoulès, Anne-Marie Schmitt, Isabelle Fournier, Michel Salzet
BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of acne vulgaris involves several phases including androgen-dependent hyper-seborrhea, colonization by Propionibacterium acnes, and inflammation. Recent investigations have shown that in fact P. acnes provokes the activation of the inflammasome present in macrophages and dendritic cells. This signaling pathway leads to excessive production of interleukin IL-1β, a proinflammatory cytokine. Nevertheless, these well-studied phenomena in acne fail to elucidate the mechanisms responsible for the appearance of different lesions...
March 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Cristhine de Souza Leão Kamamoto, Adriana Sanudo, Karime M Hassun, Ediléia Bagatin
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of low-dose oral isotretinoin in the treatment of seborrhea and seborrheic dermatitis has been poorly investigated in randomized studies. OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to determine the efficacy and safety of low-dose oral isotretinoin in the treatment of moderate to severe seborrhea and seborrheic dermatitis on the scalp and/or face. METHODS: A randomized, comparative clinical trial, using two groups, was conducted over 6 months...
January 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
Patricio Barriga P, Nicola Ambrosi Penazzo, Marta Franco Finotti, Alfredo A Celis, Oscar Cerdas, Jorge Armando Chávez, Luis Alfredo Cuitiño, César Eduardo Fernandes, Manuel Antonio Plata, José Tirán-Saucedo, Paula Sofía Vanhauwaert
Chlormadinone acetate (CMA) is a progesterone derivative (17α-acetoxy-6-chloro-4,6-pregnadiene-3,20-dione), first synthesized in 1961. It was used as progestin-based hormone replacement therapy; since 1999 it was first used for oral contraception combined with ethinyl estradiol (EE). CMA exerts a potent progestagenic effect, about one third higher than that observed with endogenous progesterone. CMA is also an anti-estrogen, showing no androgenic effects (at birth control dose). Unlike progesterone, it has a mild glucosteroidal effect with no anti-mineralocorticoid effect at all...
July 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
K Bumroongthai, P Chetanachan, W Niyomtham, C Yurayart, N Prapasarakul
The yeasts Malassezia (M.) pachydermatis and Candida (C.) parapsilosis are often co-isolated in case of canine seborrhea dermatitis (SD) and also are emerging as opportunistic pathogens of immunocompromised human beings. Increased information about how their relationship results in biofilm production and an antifungal response would be useful to inform treatment and control. This study was designed to investigate biofilm production derived from co-culture of M. pachydermatis and C. parapsilosis from dog skin and to determine their in vitro antifungal susceptibility...
July 1, 2016: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
Zareie Elham, Agah Shahram, Sadeghpour Omid
Seborrhea, or oily skin, is a very common condition, especially among young people, caused by the increased secretion of sebum by sebaceous glands in the skin. Based on today's knowledge, a regulatory role of various hormones especially androgens is considered for sebaceous gland secretion; but despite significant evidences emphasis on the effects of the gastrointestinal disorders on coetaneous manifestations, the role of gastrointestinal problems in sebum secretion has not been emphasized yet. This study aimed to explain hormonal changes occurring in gastroesophageal reflux disease which may cause changes in sebaceous gland secretion so that, by explaining these communication mechanisms, common investigations between gastroenterology and dermatology can be performed to evaluate the accuracy of this hypothesis...
December 2015: Medical Hypotheses
Tomohiro Edamitsu, Akane Minagawa, Hiroshi Koga, Hisashi Uhara, Ryuhei Okuyama
Eccrine porocarcinoma (EPC) is a rare malignant skin tumor presumably arising from the intraepidermal ductal portion of the sweat gland. EPC occasionally mimics eccrine poroma (EP), seborrhea keratosis (SK), basal cell carcinoma (BCC), pyogenic granuloma (PG) and amelanotic melanoma with its clinical appearance as a pink nodule. Dermoscopy is an invaluable technique in diagnosing skin tumors. However, few cases of EPC have been reported using dermoscopic images, and their details were not well examined. Here, we present three histopathologically proven cases of EPC and summarize their dermoscopic findings together with five previously reported cases...
March 2016: Journal of Dermatology
B Vijaya Gowri, P L Chandravathi, P S Sindhu, K Shanthi Naidu
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a heterogenous collection of signs and symptoms that when gathered, form a spectrum of disorder with disturbance of reproductive, endocrine and metabolic functions. AIM: The aim of this study is to correlate the skin manifestations with hormonal changes and to know the incidence and prevalence of skin manifestations in patients with PCOS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 40 patients with PCOS were examined during 1 year time period from May 2008 P to May 2009...
July 2015: Indian Journal of Dermatology
A H Dédjan, A Chadli, S El Aziz, A Farouqi
Introduction. Female hyperandrogenism is a frequent motive of consultation. It is revealed by hirsutism, acne or seborrhea, and disorders in menstruation cycle combined or not with virilisation signs. Several etiologies are incriminated but the hyperandrogenism-insulin resistance-acanthosis nigricans syndrome is rare. Observation. A 20-year-old girl, having had a five-year-old secondary amenorrhea. The exam revealed a patient, normotensive with a body mass index at 30 kg/m(2) and a waist measurement of 120 cm, a severe hirsutism assessed to be 29 according to Ferriman Gallwey scale, virilisation signs of male morphotype, clitoridic hypertrophy and frontal alopecia, and an acanthosis nigricans behind the neck, in the armpits and elbows...
2015: Case Reports in Endocrinology
Atif Ali, Naveed Akhtar
Escalated sebum fabrication is seen with an unattractive look and adds to the growth of acne. We aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of 3% Cannabis seeds extract cream on human cheek skin sebum and erythema content. For this purpose, base plus 3% Cannabis seeds extract and base (control) were prepared for single blinded and comparative study. Healthy males were instructed to apply the base plus 3% Cannabis seeds extract and base twice a day to their cheeks for 12 weeks. Adverse events were observed to determine skin irritation...
July 2015: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Katarína Poláková, Aurélie Fauger, Michèle Sayag, Eric Jourdan
BACKGROUND: Acne vulgaris is an inflammatory disorder of the pilosebaceous unit. AIM: To confirm that BGM (bakuchiol, Ginkgo biloba extract, and mannitol) complex increases the established clinical efficacy of adapalene 0.1% gel in patients with acne. METHODS: A clinical trial was conducted in acne patients. A total of 111 subjects received adapalene 0.1% gel and BGM complex or vehicle cream for 2 months. Assessments comprised Investigator Global Assessment (IGA), global efficacy, seborrhea intensity, inflammatory and non-inflammatory lesions, and subject perception, as well as overall safety and local tolerance and quality of life...
2015: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology
Gita Faghihi, Kioumars Jamshidi, Nabet Tajmirriahi, Bahareh Abtahi-Naeini, Mohamadali Nilforoshzadeh, Mohamadreza Radan, Sayed Mohsen Hosseini
BACKGROUND: SAHA (Seborrhea, Acne, Hirsutism and Androgenetic Alopecia) syndrome is a dermatologic disorder, with variant response to treatment. Triad of cutaneous hyperandrogenism included nodulocystic or severe acne, female pattern hair loss and hirsutism. AIM: The aim of this study is to compare the effectiveness of isotretinoin and cyproterone compound in the treatment of nodulocystic acne, in patients with SAHA syndrome or triad of cutaneous hyperandrogenism...
2014: Advanced Biomedical Research
Eltaf A O Koc, Fuat Buyuklu, Bulent Koç, Gulsen T Demirci
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Septorhinoplasty is one of the most commonly performed plastic surgery procedures in the world. Studies on septorhinoplasty in the literature mainly focus on the surgical procedures and their outcomes, but the general appearance of the nose and nasal skin following surgery is also very important. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study examining 30 septorhinoplasty patients and 20 septoplasty patients for postoperative skin conditions. RESULTS: There were significant differences identified between the septorhinoplasty group and the septoplasty group with respect to their mean preoperative Global Acne Grading System, Seborrheic Dermatitis Area Severity Index, and visual analog scores (acne, seborrhea, and ecchymosis)...
June 2015: Laryngoscope
Giuseppe Stinco, Fabio Piccirillo, Francesca Valent, Enzo Errichetti, Nicola DI Meo, Giusto Trevisan, Pasquale Patrone
BACKGROUND: Acne is treated according to the clinical observations and pathophysiologically relevant mechanisms, such as hyper-keratinization, seborrhea and bacterial proliferation. In mild and moderate forms of inflammatory acne, topical antimicrobials are recommended as a monotherapy or in combination with topical retinoids. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical effectiveness, tolerability, impact on quality of life and effect on sebum excretion of three antimicrobial preparations: clindamycin phosphate, benzoyl peroxide and a combination of clindamycin phosphate plus benzoyl peroxide...
June 2016: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
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