keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Viral exanthems

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906005/adult-onset-papular-purpuric-gloves-and-socks-syndrome
#1
Monica Rosales Santillan, Jessica B Dietert, Richard Jahan-Tigh
Papular purpuric gloves and socks syndrome (PPGSS) is a self-limited exanthem that presents as painful or pruritic edema, erythema, petechiae, and purpura of the palms and soles with occasional extension to the dorsal hands and feet. The majority of PPGSS cases reported in the literature are associated with parvovirus B19 and occur in children and young adults. In a recent literature search, there were 11 PPGSS cases in adults with none reporting Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) as a viral etiology. However, there have been PPGSS cases related to EBV in children...
April 15, 2018: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889970/what-s-in-a-rash-viral-exanthem-versus-cbrne-exposure-teleconsultation-support-for-two-special-forces-soldiers-with-diffuse-rash-in-an-austere-environment
#2
Howard D Lee, Samuel Butterfield, Joseph Maddry, Douglas Powell, William N Vasios, Heather Yun, David Ferraro, Jeremy C Pamplin
Review clinical thought process and key principles for diagnosing weaponized chemical and biologic injuries. Clinical Context: Special Operation Forces (SOF) team deployed in an undisclosed, austere environment. Organic Expertise: Two SOF Soldiers with civilian EMT-Basic certification. Closest Medical Support: Mobile Forward Surgical Team (2 hours away); medical consults available by e-mail, phone, or video-teleconsultation. Earliest Evacuation: Earliest military evacuation from country 12-24 hours. With teleconsultation, patients departed to Germany as originally scheduled without need for Medical Evacuation...
2018: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29365241/pityriasis-rosea-diagnosis-and-treatment
#3
Jose M Villalon-Gomez
Pityriasis rosea is a common self-limiting rash that usually starts with a herald patch on the trunk and progresses along the Langer lines to a generalized rash over the trunk and limbs. The diagnosis is based on clinical and physical examination findings. The herald patch is an erythematous lesion with an elevated border and depressed center. The generalized rash usually presents two weeks after the herald patch. Patients can develop general malaise, fatigue, nausea, headaches, joint pain, enlarged lymph nodes, fever, and sore throat before or during the course of the rash...
January 1, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327698/eruptive-pseudoangiomatosis-cherry-angiomas-with-perilesional-halo
#4
Dimple Chopra, Aastha Sharma, Satwinder Kaur, Ravinder Singh
Eruptive pseudoangiomatosis is a rare viral exanthem characterized by acute onset of hemangiomata-like lesions, however, histological findings are distinct from that of true angiomas. This entity has been reported from Europe, North America, Japan, and Korea till date. Here, we report 12 cases of eruptive pseudoangiomatosis from a tertiary care hospital in Punjab.
January 5, 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991936/8-viral-exanthems-of-childhood
#5
REVIEW
Carlos A Arango, Ross Jones
Some share features, making them difficult to distinguish. Others may not be on your radar. Here we review 8 you're likely to see or need to exclude.
October 2017: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956547/acute-localized-exanthem-due-to-coxsackievirus-a4
#6
Francesco Drago, Giulia Ciccarese, Lodovica Gariazzo, Margherita Cioni, Aurora Parodi
Enteroviruses are the leading cause of exanthems in children, especially during summer and autumn. Enterovirus infections may occur in epidemics or small outbreaks. A 30-year-old woman presented with a three-day history of an erythematous maculopapular skin rash with petechiae localized exclusively under the nipple of the right breast. The skin eruption was associated with an erythematous-petechial enanthem. The patient complained of low-grade fever, headache, asthenia, sore throat and arthromyalgias. IgM (1:128) and IgG (1:640) antibodies against Coxsackievirus A4 were detected by the virus neutralization test...
September 1, 2017: Le Infezioni in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914958/assessment-of-histopathological-features-of-maculopapular-viral-exanthem-and-drug-induced-exanthem
#7
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Sanjay Singh, Sujay Khandpur, Sudheer Arava, Ramashankar Rath, M Ramam, Manoj Singh, Vinod K Sharma, Sushil Kumar Kabra
BACKGROUND: Viral infections and drug reactions are the commonest causes of exanthems in clinical practice. Clinically, their overlapping features may pose a diagnostic challenge. Hematologic, in vitro, and drug provocation tests are either unreliable or impractical. METHODS: This was a descriptive, prospective study to assess and compare histopathological features of maculopapular viral and drug exanthem. Subjects fulfilling case definition of exanthems were included...
December 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413059/viral-exanthems-an-update-on-laboratory-testing-of-the-adult-patient
#8
REVIEW
Abraham M Korman, Ali Alikhan, Benjamin H Kaffenberger
Although classic viral exanthems of childhood are well described, they are rarely differentiated in adults. Laboratory techniques for viral identification have advanced without substantial literature to suggest how a dermatologist ought to conduct a cost-effective and diagnostic viral panel. Certain clinical features such as petechiae, vesicles, and dusky macular or morbilliform exanthems point strongly toward a viral exanthem. Differentiation of drug and viral causes of morbilliform eruptions has proven difficult...
March 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194482/-paraviral-exanthems
#9
REVIEW
R Fölster-Holst, V Zawar, A Chuh
Paraviral exanthems are distinct skin diseases due to infections with different viruses. Although no virus has been identified so far in some exanthems, the main age of manifestation, the clinical course of the exanthem, and the extracutaneous symptoms are suggestive for a viral genesis. While many viral infections are a direct result of the infection, paraviral exanthems reflect the response of the immune system to the infectious pathogens. Viruses cannot be identified in the skin. Typical paraviral exanthems include Gianotti-Crosti syndrome, pityriasis rosea, pityriasis lichenoides, papular-purpuric gloves and sock syndrome, and asymmetrical periflexural exanthema...
March 2017: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094164/disorders-characterized-by-predominant-or-exclusive-dermal-inflammation
#10
REVIEW
Mark R Wick
Some cutaneous inflammatory disorders are typified by a predominant or exclusive localization in the dermis. They can be further subdivided by the principal cell types into lymphocytic, neutrophilic, and eosinophilic infiltrates, and mixtures of them are also seen in a proportion of cases. This review considers such conditions. Included among the lymphoid lesions are viral exanthems, pigmented purpuras, gyrate erythemas, polymorphous light eruption, lupus tumidus, and cutaneous lymphoid hyperplasia. Neutrophilic infiltrates are represented by infections, Sweet syndrome, pyoderma gangrenosum, and hidradenitis suppurativa, as well as a group of so-called "autoinflammatory" dermatitides comprising polymorphonuclear leukocytes...
May 2017: Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992394/the-conundrum-in-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-atypical-fulminant-measles-in-a-leukemia-survivor-on-maintenance-chemotherapy
#11
James Guoxian Huang, Allen Eng Juh Yeoh, Paul Anantharajah Tambyah, Mas Isa Suhaila
We report the diagnostic and therapeutic challenges in an unusually fulminant presentation of measles, presenting as severe necrotizing bronchiolitis with secondary hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) in the absence of classical clinical features in an immunocompromised host on maintenance chemotherapy. Our patient had presented with features of a viral pneumonitis without the classical exanthem, in combination with HLH. Although rhinovirus-induced HLH was highly unusual, the positive rhinovirus swab result had distracted us from the eventual diagnosis...
January 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598870/fatal-encephalitis-associated-with-zika-virus-infection-in-an-adult
#12
Cristiane N Soares, Patrícia Brasil, Raquel Medialdea Carrera, Patricia Sequeira, Ana Bispo de Filippis, Vitor A Borges, Fernando Theophilo, Mark A Ellul, Tom Solomon
BACKGROUND: Zika virus (ZIKV) was first identified in the Americas in 2015, when an outbreak of an exanthematous illness occurred in Brazil. Subsequentely, there was an increase of microcephaly cases, suggesting an association between ZIKV and this neurological complication. Currently, ZIKV has been recognised as causing a wide range of neurological complications including Guillain Barré syndrome, and myelitis. OBJECTIVES: In this report, we describe the first fatal case of encephalitis in a 47 years old non pregnant woman, infected during the Brazilian zika epidemic of 2016...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27344566/got-the-travel-bug-a-review-of-common-infections-infestations-bites-and-stings-among-returning-travelers
#13
REVIEW
Matthew P Vasievich, Jose Dario Martinez Villarreal, Kenneth J Tomecki
The popularity of international travel continues to increase among Americans, even though they often experience subsequent illness on return from their journey. The pathogens responsible are not necessarily endemic to the destination itself but are often the result of poor sanitary conditions or activities engaged in while away. Skin disease ranks third among all medical concerns in returning travelers. This review addresses the pathogenesis, epidemiology, clinical presentation, and treatment of the most common skin diseases in returning travelers: insect bites and bedbugs, cutaneous larva migrans, scabies, tungiasis, myiasis, leishmaniasis, viral exanthems, and marine envenomation...
October 2016: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27251524/early-diagnosis-of-post-varicella-necrotising-fasciitis-a-medical-and-surgical-emergency
#14
Rose Xavier, Bobby Abraham, Vinod Jacob Cherian, Jobin I Joseph
Necrotising fasciitis (NF) is an extremely rare complication of a rather common paediatric viral exanthem varicella. Delayed diagnosis and treatment can lead to significant morbidity and mortality. Laboratory risk indicator of NF score aids in early clinical diagnosis in suspected cases of post-varicella NF thus enabling timely intervention. Surgery delayed for more than 24 hours, is an independent risk factor for death. Surgical debridement with good antibiotic coverage is the definitive treatment for NF.
January 2016: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27144956/paraviral-exanthems
#15
REVIEW
Regina Fölster-Holst, Vijay P Zawar, Antonio Chuh
INTRODUCTION: Paraviral exanthems are skin diseases suspected to be caused by viruses, with a single virus-exanthem relationship not universally accepted. Although most paraviral exanthems are self-remitting, accurate diagnoses are important as some patients might develop complications. Some of the differential diagnoses might cause serious complications, and some paraviral exanthems might lead to complications for at-risk groups such as pregnant women. Moreover, some paraviral exanthems might be symptomatic such as the development of severe pruritus, with relief of such being crucial in the plan of management...
June 2016: Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27103975/pityriasis-rosea-gianotti-crosti-syndrome-asymmetric-periflexural-exanthem-papular-purpuric-gloves-and-socks-syndrome-eruptive-pseudoangiomatosis-and-eruptive-hypomelanosis-do-their-epidemiological-data-substantiate-infectious-etiologies
#16
REVIEW
Antonio Chuh, Vijay Zawar, Gabriel F Sciallis, Werner Kempf, Albert Lee
Many clinical and laboratory-based studies have been reported for skin rashes which may be due to viral infections, namely pityriasis rosea (PR), Gianotti-Crosti syndrome (GCS), asymmetric periflexural exanthem/unilateral laterothoracic exanthem (APE/ULE), papular-purpuric gloves and socks syndrome (PPGSS), and eruptive pseudo-angiomatosis (EP). Eruptive hypomelanosis (EH) is a newly discovered paraviral rash. Novel tools are now available to investigate the epidemiology of these rashes. To retrieve epidemiological data of these exanthema and analyze whether such substantiates or refutes infectious etiologies...
March 21, 2016: Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27017141/gianotti-crosti-syndrome-as-presenting-sign-of-cytomegalovirus-infection-a-case-report-and-a-critical-appraisal-of-its-possible-cytomegalovirus-etiology
#17
Francesco Drago, Sanja Javor, Giulia Ciccarese, Aurora Parodi
Gianotti-Crosti syndrome (GCS) is a self-limiting exanthem of acute onset with a characteristic acral distribution, usually occurring in children. It is characterized by symmetric pink to red-brown papular or papulovesicular lesions that are a few millimetres in diameter, distributed on the face, buttocks and limbs. It may be accompanied by low-grade fever, hepato-splenomegaly and lymphadenopathy. GCS is considered a unique cutaneous response to viral infection, mostly associated with hepatitis B virus and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), but other viruses, bacterial infections and recent immunizations may be inciting factors...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26612372/viral-skin-diseases
#18
REVIEW
Priya Ramdass, Sahil Mullick, Harold F Farber
In the vast world of skin diseases, viral skin disorders account for a significant percentage. Most viral skin diseases present with an exanthem (skin rash) and, oftentimes, an accompanying enanthem (lesions involving the mucosal membrane). In this article, the various viral skin diseases are explored, including viral childhood exanthems (measles, rubella, erythema infectiosum, and roseola), herpes viruses (herpes simplex virus, varicella zoster virus, Kaposi sarcoma herpes virus, viral zoonotic infections [orf, monkeypox, ebola, smallpox]), and several other viral skin diseases, such as human papilloma virus, hand, foot, and mouth disease, molluscum contagiosum, and Gianotti-Crosti syndrome...
December 2015: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26463513/coxsackievirus-a6-polymorphic-exanthem-in-israeli-children
#19
Yael Renert-Yuval, Eytan Marva, Merav Weil, Lester M Shulman, Nilsu Gencylmaz, Sivan Sheffer, Dana G Wolf, Vered Molho-Pessach
Hand foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is an acute childhood viral exanthem usually associated with coxsackievirus A16 or enterovirus 71. Atypical HFMD associated with coxsackievirus A6 was reported recently. The aim of the current study was to describe coxsackievirus A6-associated atypical HFMD in a series of 8 toddlers who were referred with idiopathic extensive eruptions. Demographic and clinical characteristics, Reverse transcriptase-real-time PCR (RT-PCR) results for enterovirus and phylogenetic analysis for the coxsackievirus A6 strains were recorded...
May 2016: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26342350/varicella-zoster-aseptic-meningitis-report-of-an-atypical-case-and-literature-review
#20
REVIEW
Walid Ibrahim, Abdel-Naser Elzouki, Ahmed Husain, Lubna Osman
BACKGROUND: Neurologic complications can occur with varicella zoster virus (VZV) infection, usually after vesicular exanthem. A review of the literature revealed 3 cases of viral meningitis associated with 6th nerve palsy but without significantly increased intracranial pressure. CASE REPORT: We report a case of a previously healthy 15-year-old girl with aseptic meningitis as a result of reactivated-VZV infection with symptoms of increased intracranial pressure and reversible 6th cranial nerve palsy but without exanthema...
September 4, 2015: American Journal of Case Reports
keyword
keyword
78218
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"