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resting leg syndrom

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123969/real-time-magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-deep-venous-flow-during-muscular-exercise-preliminary-experience
#1
Arun Antony Joseph, Klaus-Dietmar Merboldt, Dirk Voit, Johannes Dahm, Jens Frahm
BACKGROUND: The accurate assessment of peripheral venous flow is important for the early diagnosis and treatment of disorders such as deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) which is a major cause of post-thrombotic syndrome or even death due to pulmonary embolism. The aim of this work is to quantitatively determine blood flow in deep veins during rest and muscular exercise using a novel real-time magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) method for velocity-encoded phase-contrast (PC) MRI at high spatiotemporal resolution...
December 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101323/gabapentin-treatment-in-clozapine-induced-restless-legs-syndrome-two-cases-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#2
REVIEW
Vijaya Kumar, Ganesan Venkatasubramanian
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a neuro-sensorimotor disorder affecting 2-4% of adults. It is characterized by intense urges to move the legs, associated with unpleasant sensory disturbances in the legs occurring at rest and manifests mostly in the evening and night, relieved by movement. Diagnosis is primarily based on clinical presentation and the consensus criteria for the diagnosis have been established. Antipsychotics, the dopamine antagonists, have been reported to induce RLS. Dopamine agonists, the effective first-line treatment of RLS, carry the risk of inducing or worsening psychosis...
January 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031668/bilateral-superficial-femoral-artery-thrombosis-in-a-15-year-old-caucasian-male-with-homozygous-prothrombin-g20210a-genotype-and-associated-antiphospholipid-syndrome
#3
Uzung Yoon, LaiLai Kwok, Ingo Flessenkaemper
Prothrombin mutation was usually associated with other well-established predisposing factors for venous thrombosis such as antiphospholipid antibodies. Recently, even isolated prothrombin gene mutation G20210A has been reported to present severe or unusual vein thrombosis. Less clear is the role of prothrombin mutation in the formation of arterial thrombosis. We present a case of a 15-year-old healthy White male with acute bilateral femoral artery thrombosis. The patient presented with increasing left leg pain for about 1 week...
December 2016: International Journal of Angiology: Official Publication of the International College of Angiology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999729/a-non-operative-approach-to-the-management-of-chronic-exertional-compartment-syndrome-in-a-triathlete-a-case-report
#4
Cristiana Kahl Collins, Brad Gilden
BACKGROUND & PURPOSE: Chronic Exertional Compartment Syndrome (CECS) causes significant exercise related pain secondary to increased intra-compartmental pressure (ICP) in the lower extremities. CECS is most often treated with surgery with minimal information available on non-operative approaches to care. This case report presents a case of CECS successfully managed with physical therapy. STUDY DESIGN: Case report. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 34-year-old competitive triathlete experienced bilateral anterior and posterior lower leg pain measured with a numerical pain rating scale of 7/10 at two miles of running...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930876/pioglitazone-improves-whole-body-aerobic-capacity-and-skeletal-muscle-energy-metabolism-in-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome
#5
Takashi Yokota, Shintaro Kinugawa, Kagami Hirabayashi, Tadashi Suga, Shingo Takada, Masashi Omokawa, Tomoyasu Kadoguchi, Masashige Takahashi, Arata Fukushima, Shouji Matsushima, Mayumi Yamato, Koichi Okita, Hiroyuki Tsutsui
AIMS/INTRODUCTION: Low aerobic capacity is a strong and independent predictor of all-cause mortality in patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS). Here, we investigated the effects of pioglitazone treatment on whole-body aerobic capacity and skeletal muscle energy metabolism in MetS patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 14 male patients with MetS received oral pioglitazone 15 mg/day for 4 months. To assess whole-body aerobic capacity, exercise testing with a bicycle ergometer was carried out before and after pioglitazone treatment...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837576/restless-legs-syndrome-mimicking-s1-radiculopathy
#6
Th Zambelis, B R Wolgamuth, S N Papoutsi, N T Economou
Α case of a chronic idiopathic form of a severe type of Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS), which developed during pregnancy and persisted after this, misdiagnosed for 34 years as radiculopathy S1, is reported. In spite of the thorough clinical and laboratory investigation, in addition to constant changes of the therapeutic approach, the diagnosis of S1 radiculopathy could not be confirmed, resulting in a chronic clinical course; the latter was characterized by relapses and remissions not attributed or linked in any way to the treatment (various types of)...
July 2016: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692278/default-mode-network-disturbances-in-restless-legs-syndrome-willis-ekbom-disease
#7
Jeonghun Ku, Yeong Seon Lee, HyukWon Chang, Christopher J Earley, Richard P Allen, Yong Won Cho
BACKGROUND: The unusual sensations of restless legs syndrome/Willis-Ekbom disease (RLS/WED) are induced by rest or a low arousal state with a circadian variation in the threshold for induction. It has been suggested that the emergence of RLS/WED symptoms relates to abnormal brain functions dealing with internally generated stimuli. The purpose of this study was to investigate the changes in the default mode network (DMN) in RLS/WED subjects. METHODS: Sixteen drug-naïve, idiopathic, RLS/WED subjects, and 16 age-matched and gender-matched healthy subjects were scanned in an asymptomatic resting state...
July 2016: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651875/treatment-for-acute-stage-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-type-ii-with-polydeoxyribonucleotide-injection
#8
Kun Soo Jang, Hyeun Sung Kim
Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) type II is a syndrome that develops after nerve injury. Symptoms may be severe, and vary depending on the degree of sympathetic nerve involvement. As yet, there is no satisfactory treatment. We report the case of a female patient who had an L5 left transverse process fracture and an S2 body fracture, who developed symptoms of CRPS type II in her left lower leg that were aggravated during ambulation in spite of absolute bed rest for one month after the trauma. Several treatments, including bed rest, medication, and numerous nerve blocks were attempted, but the pain persisted...
September 2016: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629973/restless-bladder-in-an-elderly-woman-an-unusual-feature-or-a-variant-of-restless-legs-syndrome
#9
Keisuke Suzuki, Masayuki Miyamoto, Tomoyuki Uchiyama, Tomoyuki Miyamoto, Takeo Matsubara, Koichi Hirata
We herein report an elderly patient with a history of restless legs syndrome (RLS) who developed unpleasant sensations in the lower abdomen and perineum. The patient' s symptoms occurred during the evening and at rest and forced the patient to void, resulting in some symptom relief. Urological examinations and spinal magnetic resonance imaging findings were unremarkable. The adjunctive use of rotigotine resolved her symptoms. The symptoms were considered to be "restless bladder". Further studies are required to elucidate whether restless bladder is an identical condition to the clinical entities of other RLS variants or whether it represents an unusual feature of RLS...
2016: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27454281/complex-regional-pain-syndrome-caused-by-lumbar-herniated-intervertebral-disc-disease
#10
Se Hee Kim, Sang Sik Choi, Mi Kyung Lee, Jung Eun Kin
Most cases of complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) occur after some inciting injury. There are a few cases of CRPS after an operation for disc disease. CRPS from a mild herniated intervertebral disc (HIVD) without surgical intervention is even rarer than CRPS after an operation for disc disease.A 22-year-old man was transferred to a pain clinic. He had continuously complained about back and right leg pain. He presented with a skin color change in the right lower leg, intermittent resting tremor, stiffness, and swelling in the right leg...
July 2016: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27355187/opioids-for-restless-legs-syndrome
#11
REVIEW
César Osório de Oliveira, Luciane Bc Carvalho, Karla Carlos, Cristiane Conti, Marcio M de Oliveira, Lucila Bf Prado, Gilmar F Prado
BACKGROUND: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a distressing and common neurological disorder that may have a huge impact in the quality of life of those with frequent and intense symptoms. Patients complain of unpleasant sensations in the legs, at or before bedtime, and feel an urge to move the legs, which improves with movement, such as walking. Symptoms start with the patient at rest (e.g. sitting or lying down), and follow a circadian pattern, increasing during the evening or at night...
June 29, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27306327/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-restless-legs-syndrome
#12
Samantha Sales, Manjit K Sanghera, David J Klocko, R Malcolm Stewart
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a disorder characterized by an irresistible urge to move the legs during rest, usually accompanied by uncomfortable sensations in the affected extremity or extremities. RLS can manifest at any age but prevalence increases with advancing age. This article describes the symptoms of RLS, associated comorbidities, and how to diagnose and manage RLS.
July 2016: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27221671/single-minimal-incision-fasciotomy-for-chronic-exertional-compartment-syndrome-of-the-lower-leg
#13
Nicola Maffulli, Mattia Loppini, Filippo Spiezia, Alessio D'Addona, Gayle D Maffulli
BACKGROUND: Chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS) involves a painful increase in compartment pressure caused by exercise and relieved by rest, common in athletes. The most common site for CECS in the lower limbs is the anterior leg compartment. The aim of this study is to evaluate the outcomes of a single minimal incision fasciotomy in athletes and their capability to return to high level sport activity. METHODS: The study reports mid-term results in a series of 18 consecutive athletes with chronic exertional compartment syndrome of the leg who had undergone minimally invasive fasciotomy...
May 24, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27178375/franklin-delano-roosevelt-the-diagnosis-of-poliomyelitis-revisited
#14
John F Ditunno, Bruce E Becker, Gerald J Herbison
Revisiting the ailments of famous historical persons in light of contemporary medical understanding has become a common academic hobby. Public discussion of Franklin Delano Roosevelt's (FDR) diagnosis of poliomyelitis after his sudden onset of paralysis in 1921 has received just such a revisitation. Recently, this 2003 historical analysis has been referenced widely on the Internet and in biographies, raising speculation that his actual diagnosis should have been Guillain-Barré Syndrome, a noncontagious disease of the peripheral nervous system rather than poliomyelitis...
September 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27144819/compartment-syndrome-of-the-leg-associated-with-fracture-an-algorithm-to-avoid-releasing-the-posterior-compartments
#15
Paul Tornetta, Brian L Puskas, Kevin Wang
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to report on a prospective series of patients in whom an algorithm was used to attempt to avoid releasing the posterior compartments in patients with lower leg compartment syndrome (CS) and the safety of such a practice. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Level 1 trauma center. PATIENTS: A consecutive series of 39 patients was managed by one surgeon for CS using the reported protocol...
July 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27087878/embolosclerotherapy-by-the-transvenous-approach-for-lower-extremity-arteriovenous-malformation-in-cowden-syndrome-a-case-report
#16
Akiyuki Matsuhisa, Mitsuhiro Kishino, Masashi Nakadate, Toshifumi Kudo, Yoshinori Inoue, Ukihide Tateishi
A 69-year-old female with Cowden syndrome presented with pain at rest in the right leg. Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) of the right lower extremity were detected by computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. Angiography indicated arteriolovenous fistulae, which were initially treated using a transarterial approach with minimal therapeutic effect. In contrast, excellent outcomes were achieved with a transvenous approach using coil embolization and liquid sclerotherapy for the venous component of the nidus...
2016: Annals of Vascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27079737/targinact-for-restless-legs-syndrome
#17
(no author information available yet)
Idiopathic restless legs syndrome (RLS)--also known as Willis-Ekbom disease--is a neurological condition characterised by an overwhelming urge to move the legs, occurring during rest or inactivity, especially at night. Symptoms are highly variable in frequency and severity, and can affect sleep and quality of life. First-line management includes addressing precipitating or aggravating factors and providing explanation, reassurance and advice on self-help strategies. Drug therapy (e.g. a dopamine agonist) is used for patients with more severe symptoms...
April 2016: Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26997386/restless-legs-syndrome-in-hemodialysis-patients
#18
Shahram Rafie, Majid Jafari, Mostafa Azizi, Mohammad Bahadoram, Shima Jafari
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a neurological disorder characterized by uncomfortable sensation of paresthesia in legs that subsequently causes involuntary and continuous movement of the lower limbs, especially at rest. Its prevalence in hemodialysis is more than that in the general population. Different risk factors have been suggested for RLS. We studied the prevalence and risk factors of RLS in 137 hemodialysis patients followed up at our center. The patients completed at least three months on dialysis and fulfilled four criteria for the diagnosis of RLS...
March 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26970995/frequency-of-restless-legs-syndrome-in-adults-with-epilepsy-in-turkey
#19
İlker Öztürk, Kezban Aslan, Hacer Bozdemir, Nancy Foldvary-Schaefer
BACKGROUND: Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) is a common disorder characterized by an irresistible urge to move the legs particularly during rest in the evenings often leading to insomnia and daytime impairment. No prior studies estimate the prevalence of RLS in a diverse sample of adults with epilepsy using standard diagnostic criteria. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A total of 225 patients with epilepsy (61.8% female; mean age 33.3 ± 12.3 years) seen in the epilepsy clinic of Çukurova University Neurology Department were included...
April 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26966363/intractable-restless-legs-syndrome-role-of-prolonged-release-oxycodone-naloxone
#20
REVIEW
Stefano de Biase, Mariarosaria Valente, Gian Luigi Gigli
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a common neurological disorder characterized by an irresistible urge to move the legs accompanied by uncomfortable sensations that occur at night or at time of rest. Pharmacological therapy should be limited to patients who suffer from clinically relevant symptoms. Chronic RLS is usually treated with either a dopamine agonist (pramipexole, ropinirole, rotigotine) or an α2δ calcium-channel ligand (gabapentin, gabapentin enacarbil, pregabalin). Augmentation is the main complication of long-term dopaminergic treatment, and frequently requires a reduction of current dopaminergic dose or a switch to non-dopaminergic medications...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
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