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D Bogdanou, M Penna-Martinez, N Filmann, T L Chung, Y Moran-Auth, J Wehrle, C Cappel, S Huenecke, E Herrmann, U Koehl, K Badenhoop
BACKGROUND: Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) is mediated by autoaggressive T effector cells with an underlying regulatory T cell (Treg) defect. Vitamin D (VD) deficiency is highly prevalent in T1D which can aggravate immune dysfunction. High dose VD treatment may enhance Tregs and improve metabolism in T1D patients. METHODS: In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial with cross-over design, patients received either for three months cholecalciferol 4000 IU/d, followed by three months placebo or the sequential alternative...
October 20, 2016: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
Caroline Honaiser Lescano, Ivan Pires de Oliveira, Tiago Zaminelli, Débora da Silva Baldivia, Luan Ramos da Silva, Mauro Napolitano, Camila Bitencourt Mendes Silvério, Nilton Lincopan, Eliana Janet Sanjinez-Argandoña
Campomanesia adamantium (Myrtaceae) is a medicinal plant distributed in Brazilian Cerrado. Different parts of this plant are used in popular medicine for treatment of several diseases like fever, diarrhea, hypercholesterolemia and rheumatism. The aim of this work was to evaluate the inhibition of heat-stable enterotoxin type A (STa) by gallic acid present in the peel of C. adamantium fruit and assays to assess the antidiarrheal activity, anti-inflammatory and cytotoxic properties of peel extract using the T84 cell line model...
2016: PloS One
Shreen Deeb Nusair, Yousef Sa'id Abu Zarour
The acute toxicity of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins/dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) was investigated in the earthworm Eisenia andrei using filter paper toxicity test. Protein content, catalase (CAT) activity, and histology of intestinal wall (chloragogen cells and intestinal epithelium) were investigated in earthworms exposed for 48 h to 0 (control), 0.5, 1.0, and 1.5 ng/cm(2) PCDD/Fs. The results showed an increase in the total protein content 1.56- (p = 0.104), 1.66- (p = 0.042), and 2.26-fold (p < 0...
October 19, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Éva Sivadó, Sabrina Lareure, Valérie Attuil-Audenis, Saïd El Alaoui, Vincent Thomas
Tissue transglutaminase (tTG) belongs to the multigene transglutaminase family of Ca(2+)-dependent protein cross-linking enzymes. There is a strong evidence that tTG is involved in pathology, such as neurodegenerative diseases, cancer, and celiac disease. To study physiopathological implication of tTG, a sandwich immunoassay has been developed with a new monoclonal antibody for the capture and polyclonal antibody both generated in house. Using this ready to use assay, the tTG protein level can be measured in human tissue homogenates and cells extracts easily in about 4 h...
October 19, 2016: Amino Acids
Işıl Bavunoğlu, Musa Balta, Zeynep Türkmen
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing interest in herbal products as a self-medication method in recent years. Some plant extracts either turn into drugs over time or are consumed directly without treatment. One of these plants is Nerium oleander L., which is a potentially lethal plant, since it has cardiac glycosides. However, numerous researches of its extracts have been performed against cancer cell lines in recent literature. This contradiction leads to misinterpretation and induces the prevalence of intoxication or fatal cases...
September 2016: Balkan Medical Journal
Ichiro Chihara, Satoshi Nitta, Tomokazu Kimura, Shuya Kandori, Takashi Kawahara, Natsui Waku, Takahiro Kojima, Akira Joraku, Jun Miyazaki, Hitoshi Iwasaki, Hiroaki Suzuki, Koji Kawai, Hiroyuki Nishiyama
We reported two cases of hyperthyroidism that developed during induction chemotherapy for advanced germ cell tumors with high serum human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) levels. Case 1 : An 18-year-old man with mediastinal choriocarcinoma complained of tachycardia and tremor. His pretreatment serum hCG level was 1.37 million mIU/ml. The free thyroxine (fT4) level measured on day 2 of the first course of bleomycin, etoposide and cisplatin (BEP) was elevated to 7.8 ng/dl (<1.7 ng/dl), whereasthe thyroidstimulating hormone (TSH) level was undetectable...
September 2016: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
J L Dentis, N B Schreiber, A M Burress, L J Spicer
Angiogenin is a member of the ribonuclease A superfamily of proteins that has been implicated in stimulating angiogenesis but whether angiogenin can directly affect ovarian granulosa or theca cell function is unknown. Therefore, the objective of these studies was to determine the effect of angiogenin on proliferation and steroidogenesis of bovine granulosa and theca cells. In experiments 1 and 2, granulosa cells from small (1 to 5 mm diameter) follicles and theca cells from large (8 to 22 mm diameter) follicles were cultured to evaluate the dose-response effect of recombinant human angiogenin on steroidogenesis...
October 20, 2016: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
Kenneth Chen, Bing Long Lee, Hong Hong Huang, Benjamin Yongcheng Tan, Lui Shiong Lee, Lay Guat Ng, Weber Lau, John Shyi Peng Yuen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prognostic values of perinephric fat invasion and renal vein invasion in pT3a renal cell carcinoma, as stand-alone factors and in combination with tumor size and Fuhrman grade. METHODS: Survival data of pT1 and pT2 renal cell carcinomas were analyzed alongside pT3a tumors of similar size bands (pT1 vs pT3a <7 cm, pT2 vs pT3a >7 cm). Patients with adjuvant therapy, positive surgical margins, metastasis or pT3b-pT4 tumors were excluded...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
Sandrine M A Lima, Janaína G S Melo, Gardênia C G Militão, Gláucia M S Lima, Maria do Carmo A Lima, Jaciana S Aguiar, Renata M Araújo, Raimundo Braz-Filho, Pascal Marchand, Janete M Araújo, Teresinha G Silva
Actinomycetes are known to produce numerous secondary bioactive metabolites of pharmaceutical interest. The purpose of this study was to isolate, characterize, and investigate the antibacterial, antifungal, and anticancer activities of metabolites produced by Actinobacteria isolated from the rhizosphere of Paullinia cupana. The Actinobacteria was identified as Streptomyces hygroscopicus ACTMS-9H. Based on a bioguided study, the methanolic biomass extract obtained from submerged cultivation had the most potent antibacterial, antifungal, and cytotoxic activities...
October 18, 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Pham Huu Thuong, Do Bang Tam, Shinsaku Sakurada, Nguyen Thi Le Hang, Minako Hijikata, Le Thi Hong, Phan Thi Minh Ngoc, Pham Thu Anh, Vu Cao Cuong, Ikumi Matsushita, Luu Thi Lien, Naoto Keicho
BACKGROUND: Granulysin (GNLY) is produced by human lymphocyte subpopulations and exhibits antimicrobial activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis. We examined the association between GNLY levels in blood and latent tuberculosis (TB) infection. METHODS: Latency of TB infection among Vietnamese healthcare workers was estimated using interferon-gamma release assays (IGRA), and serum GNLY concentrations were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. The levels of GNLY expression in whole blood and the presence of GNLY alleles with the exon-4 polymorphism rs11127 were also determined using PCR-based methods...
October 18, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Yuen Ting Lam, Laura Lecce, Joanne T M Tan, Christina A Bursill, David J Handelsman, Martin K C Ng
Increasing evidence indicates that androgens regulate ischemia-induced neovascularization. However, the role of genomic androgen action mediated by androgen receptor (AR), a ligand-activated nuclear transcription factor, remains poorly understood. Using an AR knockout mouse strain that contains a transcriptionally inactive AR (AR(Δex3)KO), we examined the role of AR genomic function in modulating androgen-mediated augmentation of ischemia-induced neovascularization. Castrated wildtype (AR(WT)) and AR(Δex3)KO mice were implanted with dihydrotestosterone (DHT) or placebo pellets following hindlimb ischemia (HLI)...
October 18, 2016: Endocrinology
Juan Wang, Hiroyuki Kobori, Yuki Shibayama, Daisuke Nakano, Hirofumi Hitomi, Akira Nishiyama
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have shown that angiotensinogen (AGT) synthesis is enhanced by high glucose (HG) in rat renal proximal tubular cells. We aimed to investigate the glucose-responsive elements within human AGT (hAGT) promoter in human immortalized proximal tubular HK-2 cells. DESIGN AND METHOD: HK-2 cells were treated with normal glucose (NG: 5.5 mmol/L) and high glucose (HG: 15 mmol/L). Human AGT promoter region was cloned from -4358 to +122. Consecutive 5'-end deletion mutant constructs and different site-direct mutagenesis products were transfected into HK-2, followed by promoter activity measurement by dual luciferase assay...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Pierre Paradis, Tlili Barhoumi, Muhammad Oneeb Rehman Mian, Julio C Fraulob-Aquino, Asia Rehman, Nourredine Idris-Khodja, Ernesto L Schiffrin
OBJECTIVE: Matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2) is involved in cardiovascular disease. Whether MMP2 plays a role in hypertension and vascular damage is unknown. We hypothesized that Mmp2 knockout will prevent angiotensin (Ang) II-induced hypertension and vascular injury. DESIGN AND METHOD: Mmp2 knockout (Mmp2) and wild-type (WT) mice were infused with Ang II (1000 ng/kg/min, SC) for 14 days. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) was measured by telemetry, and mesenteric artery (MA) endothelial function and vascular remodeling by pressurized myography...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Maddison Turner, Larissa Reid, Mercedes Munkonda, Dylan Burger
OBJECTIVE: Diabetes and hypertension are cognate diseases that often coexist, potentiating one's risk for cardiovascular complications. Both diseases are typified by the development of endothelial dysfunction and are accompanied by increased circulating endothelial microparticles (eMPs). Microparticles are small membrane-derived vesicles that are secreted ubiquitously following cell stress. We have previously shown that eMPs are sensitive markers of vascular injury in hypertension and identified eMP-mediated signaling pathways that lead to endothelial injury...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Jolanta Malyszko, Dominika Musialowska, Edyta Zbroch, Ewa Koc-Zorawska, Jacek Malyszko
OBJECTIVE: Endocan, human endothelial cell-specific molecule, which is expressed by the vascular endothelium may play role in endothelium-dependent inflammatory process leading to the development of hypertension.The aim of the study was to estimate endocan concentration in 121 patients with primary hypertension and proper renal function as also in healthy individuals from the control group and to estimate endocan levels in subgroups with proper blood pressure control and without. DESIGN AND METHOD: The endocan concentration was estimated in 121 hypertensive patients (median age 56 min-19, max-85)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Ruta Grinyte, Javier Barroso, Marco Möller, Laura Saa, Valeri Pavlov
Electrochemical detection strategies employing semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) open up new opportunities for highly sensitive detection of biological targets. We designed new a assay based on microbead linked enzymatic generation of CdS QDs (Microbead QD-ELISA) and employed it in optical and electrochemical affinity assays for the cancer biomarker superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2). Biotinylated antibodies against SOD2 were immobilized on the surface of polyvinyl chloride microbeads bearing streptavidin. In order to prevent any non specific adsorption the microbeads were further blocked with bovine serum albumin...
October 18, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Roger A Sunde, Kevin M Thompson, Kevin L Fritsche, Jacqueline K Evenson
Second-generation selenium-deficient weanling rats fed graded levels of dietary Se were used (a) to study the impact of initial Se deficiency on dietary Se requirements; (b) to determine if further decreases in selenoperoxidase expression, especially glutathione peroxidase 4 (Gpx4), affect growth or gross disease; and (c) to examine the impact of vitamin E deficiency on biochemical and molecular biomarkers of Se status. Rats were fed a vitamin E-deficient and Se-deficient crystalline amino acid diet (3 ng Se/g diet) or that diet supplemented with 100 μg/g all-rac-α-tocopheryl acetate and/or 0, 0...
October 17, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
Nuccia Morici, Laura Farioli, Laura Michelina Losappio, Giulia Colombo, Michele Nichelatti, Donatella Preziosi, Gianluigi Micarelli, Fabrizio Oliva, Cristina Giannattasio, Silvio Klugmann, Elide Anna Pastorello
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between serum tryptase and the occurrence of major cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) at 2-year follow-up in patients admitted with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). To compare serum tryptase to other validated prognostic markers (maximum high-sensitivity troponin (hs-Tn), C reactive protein (CRP) levels at admission, Synergy between percutaneous coronary intervention with Taxus and Cardiac Surgery (SYNTAX) score). METHODS: We measured serum tryptase at admission in 140 consecutive patients with ACS and in 50 healthy controls...
2016: Open Heart
Encheng Yang, Xiao Li, Ningyi Jin
AIM: This study was aimed to evaluate the therapeutic efficiency of a non-virus based specific chimeric multi-domain DNA transferred with apoptin in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) HepG-2 cells in vitro and in mice H22 cells in vivo. METHODS: We firstly constructed the multi-domain recombinant chimeric proteins based on recombinant proteins [G (yeast GAL4), NG (none GAL4), TG (GAL4 + Tat protein) and TNG (Tat protein)] and pUAS-Apoptin plasmid, and transfected them into human HepG-2 cells...
2016: Cancer Cell International
Angela W Dymond, Colin Howes, Christine Pattison, Karen So, Gabriella Mariani, Mark Savage, Stuart Mair, Gill Ford, Paul Martin
PURPOSE: Selumetinib (AZD6244, ARRY-142886), an oral mitogen activated kinase 1/2 inhibitor, is in clinical development for the treatment of a variety of different tumor types. Herein, we report a study that determined the distribution, metabolism, and excretion of selumetinib in healthy male volunteers. METHODS: In this open-label, single-center, Phase I clinical trial, 6 subjects received a single 75-mg dose of [(14)C]-selumetinib. Blood and excreta samples were collected for pharmacokinetic and radiometric analyses...
October 14, 2016: Clinical Therapeutics
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