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Sebastiaan J M Vreeswijk, Hedi L Claahsen, Wilfred A Borstlap, Mark P Hendriks
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
Alessandra Lo Cicero, Anne-Laure Jaskowiak, Anne-Laure Egesipe, Johana Tournois, Benjamin Brinon, Patricia R Pitrez, Lino Ferreira, Annachiara de Sandre-Giovannoli, Nicolas Levy, Xavier Nissan
Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome (HGPS) is a rare fatal genetic disorder that causes systemic accelerated aging in children. Thanks to the pluripotency and self-renewal properties of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC), HGPS iPSC-based modeling opens up the possibility of access to different relevant cell types for pharmacological approaches. In this study, 2800 small molecules were explored using high-throughput screening, looking for compounds that could potentially reduce the alkaline phosphatase activity of HGPS mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) committed into osteogenic differentiation...
October 14, 2016: Scientific Reports
Nagappa Handargal, Jananee Muralidharan, P Praveen Sharma, M Narayanswamy, S Prabhu, R Priyashree, S G Jagadeesha
Werner's syndrome is an adult premature aging syndrome of autosomal recessive inheritance affecting connective tissues throughout the body.1 The exact etiology remains obscure even though biochemical and connective tissue abnormalities have been postulated.2 The disease involves multiple systems of the body and may be associated with internal malignancy.3 We report a case of a 35 year old man who presented with uncontrolled diabetes and non-healing ulcers.
April 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Ketaki Apte, Reimer Stick, Manfred Radmacher
The lamina is a filamentous meshwork beneath the inner nuclear membrane that confers mechanical stability to nuclei. The E145K mutation in lamin A causes Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome (HGPS). It affects lamin filament assembly and induces profound changes in the nuclear architecture. Expression of wild-type and E145K lamin A in Xenopus oocytes followed by atomic force microscopy (AFM) probing of isolated oocyte nuclei has shown significant changes in the mechanical properties of the lamina. Nuclei of oocytes expressing E145K lamin A are stiffer than those expressing wild-type lamin A...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Molecular Recognition: JMR
Yee-Ki Lee, Yu Jiang, Xin-Ru Ran, Yee-Man Lau, Kwong-Man Ng, Wing-Hon Kevin Lai, Chung-Wah Siu, Hung-Fat Tse
Laminopathy is a disease closely related to deficiency of the nuclear matrix protein lamin A/C or failure in prelamin A processing, and leads to accumulation of the misfold protein causing progeria. The resultant disrupted lamin function is highly associated with abnormal nuclear architecture, cell senescence, apoptosis, and unstable genome integrity. To date, the effects of loss in nuclear integrity on the susceptible organ, striated muscle, have been commonly associated with muscular dystrophy, dilated cardiac myopathy (DCM), and conduction defeats, but have not been studied intensively...
2016: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Su-Jin Lee, Youn-Sang Jung, Min-Ho Yoon, So-Mi Kang, Ah-Young Oh, Jee-Hyun Lee, So-Young Jun, Tae-Gyun Woo, Ho-Young Chun, Sang Kyum Kim, Kyu Jin Chung, Ho-Young Lee, Kyeong Lee, Guanghai Jin, Min-Kyun Na, Nam Chul Ha, Clea Bárcena, José M P Freije, Carlos López-Otín, Gyu Yong Song, Bum-Joon Park
Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome (HGPS) is a rare autosomal dominant genetic disease that is caused by a silent mutation of the LMNA gene encoding lamins A and C (lamin A/C). The G608G mutation generates a more accessible splicing donor site than does WT and produces an alternatively spliced product of LMNA called progerin, which is also expressed in normal aged cells. In this study, we determined that progerin binds directly to lamin A/C and induces profound nuclear aberrations. Given this observation, we performed a random screening of a chemical library and identified 3 compounds (JH1, JH4, and JH13) that efficiently block progerin-lamin A/C binding...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Clinical Investigation
Mieke Roggen, Christophe Dubois, Marc Gewillig
Progeria syndrome is a very rare disease with early demise in the second decade due to cardiovascular disease. Most events are sudden and fatal, leaving no time for medical or interventional therapies; no such interventional therapy has been reported. We present a 13 years old boy who previously had suffered from dissection of both internal carotid arteries; he now presented with exercise-induced angina. Both CT-scan and angiography revealed severe stenotic lesions at the origin of the right coronary artery and left anterior descending artery, typical for dissection...
August 27, 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Ajoy C Karikkineth, Morten Scheibye-Knudsen, Elayne Fivenson, Deborah L Croteau, Vilhelm A Bohr
Cockayne syndrome (CS) is a disorder characterized by a variety of clinical features including cachectic dwarfism, severe neurological manifestations including microcephaly and cognitive deficits, pigmentary retinopathy, cataracts, sensorineural deafness, and ambulatory and feeding difficulties, leading to death by 12 years of age on average. It is an autosomal recessive disorder, with a prevalence of approximately 2.5 per million. There are several phenotypes (1-3) and two complementation groups (CSA and CSB), and CS overlaps with xeroderma pigmentosum (XP)...
August 6, 2016: Ageing Research Reviews
Yogananda S Markandeya, Tadashi Tsubouchi, Timothy A Hacker, Matthew R Wolff, Luiz Belardinelli, Ravi C Balijepalli
BACKGROUND: Lamin A and C are nuclear filament proteins encoded by LMNA gene. Mutations in LMNA gene cause many congenital diseases known as laminopathies, including Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy, Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome and familial dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) with conduction disease. A missense mutation (N195K) in the A-type lamins results in familial DCM and sudden arrhythmic death. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the ion current mechanism of arrhythmia and DCM caused by the LaminA-N195K variant...
August 3, 2016: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
Dido Carrero, Clara Soria-Valles, Carlos López-Otín
Ageing is a process that inevitably affects most living organisms and involves the accumulation of macromolecular damage, genomic instability and loss of heterochromatin. Together, these alterations lead to a decline in stem cell function and to a reduced capability to regenerate tissue. In recent years, several genetic pathways and biochemical mechanisms that contribute to physiological ageing have been described, but further research is needed to better characterize this complex biological process. Because premature ageing (progeroid) syndromes, including progeria, mimic many of the characteristics of human ageing, research into these conditions has proven to be very useful not only to identify the underlying causal mechanisms and identify treatments for these pathologies, but also for the study of physiological ageing...
July 1, 2016: Disease Models & Mechanisms
Karim Harhouri, Claire Navarro, Camille Baquerre, Nathalie Da Silva, Catherine Bartoli, Frank Casey, Guedenon Koffi Mawuse, Yassamine Doubaj, Nicolas Lévy, Annachiara De Sandre-Giovannoli
Progeroid laminopathies, including Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome (HGPS, OMIM #176670), are premature and accelerated aging diseases caused by defects in nuclear A-type Lamins. Most HGPS patients carry a de novo point mutation within exon 11 of the LMNA gene encoding A-type Lamins. This mutation activates a cryptic splice site leading to the deletion of 50 amino acids at its carboxy-terminal domain, resulting in a truncated and permanently farnesylated Prelamin A called Prelamin A Δ50 or Progerin. Some patients carry other LMNA mutations affecting exon 11 splicing and are named "HGPS-like" patients...
2016: Cells
Francis S Collins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 12, 2016: Circulation
Leslie B Gordon, Monica E Kleinman, Joe Massaro, Ralph B D'Agostino, Heather Shappell, Marie Gerhard-Herman, Leslie B Smoot, Catherine M Gordon, Robert H Cleveland, Ara Nazarian, Brian D Snyder, Nicole J Ullrich, V Michelle Silvera, Marilyn G Liang, Nicolle Quinn, David T Miller, Susanna Y Huh, Anne A Dowton, Kelly Littlefield, Maya M Greer, Mark W Kieran
BACKGROUND: Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome is an extremely rare, fatal, segmental premature aging syndrome caused by a mutation in LMNA yielding the farnesylated aberrant protein progerin. Without progerin-specific treatment, death occurs at an average age of 14.6 years from an accelerated atherosclerosis. A previous single-arm clinical trial demonstrated that the protein farnesyltransferase inhibitor lonafarnib ameliorates some aspects of cardiovascular and bone disease. This present trial sought to further improve disease by additionally inhibiting progerin prenylation...
July 12, 2016: Circulation
Susana Gonzalo, Ray Kreienkamp, Peter Askjaer
Products of the LMNA gene, primarily lamin A and C, are key components of the nuclear lamina, a proteinaceous meshwork that underlies the inner nuclear membrane and is essential for proper nuclear architecture. Alterations in lamin A and C that disrupt the integrity of the nuclear lamina affect a whole repertoire of nuclear functions, causing cellular decline. In humans, hundreds of mutations in the LMNA gene have been identified and correlated with over a dozen degenerative disorders, referred to as laminopathies...
June 29, 2016: Ageing Research Reviews
Shampa Ghosh, Jitendra Kumar Sinha, Manchala Raghunath
DNA damage caused by various sources remains one of the most researched topics in the area of aging and neurodegeneration. Increased DNA damage causes premature aging. Aging is plastic and is characterised by the decline in the ability of a cell/organism to maintain genomic stability. Lifespan can be modulated by various interventions like calorie restriction, a balanced diet of macro and micronutrients or supplementation with nutrients/nutrient formulations such as Amalaki rasayana, docosahexaenoic acid, resveratrol, curcumin, etc...
September 2016: IUBMB Life
Satoru Hashimoto, Hirofumi Anai, Katsuhiro Hanada
Interstrand DNA crosslinks (ICLs) are the link between Watson-Crick strands of DNAs with the covalent bond and prevent separation of DNA strands. Since the ICL lesion affects both strands of the DNA, the ICL repair is not simple. So far, nucleotide excision repair (NER), structure-specific endonucleases, translesion DNA synthesis (TLS), homologous recombination (HR), and factors responsible for Fanconi anemia (FA) are identified to be involved in ICL repair. Since the presence of ICL lesions causes severe defects in transcription and DNA replication, mutations in these DNA repair pathways give rise to a various hereditary disorders...
2016: Genes and Environment: the Official Journal of the Japanese Environmental Mutagen Society
Clara Soria-Valles, Dido Carrero, Elisabeth Gabau, Gloria Velasco, Víctor Quesada, Clea Bárcena, Marleen Moens, Karen Fieggen, Silvia Möhrcken, Martina Owens, Diana A Puente, Óscar Asensio, Bart Loeys, Ana Pérez, Valerie Benoit, Wim Wuyts, Nicolas Lévy, Raoul C Hennekam, Annachiara De Sandre-Giovannoli, Carlos López-Otín
BACKGROUND: Progeroid syndromes are genetic disorders that recapitulate some phenotypes of physiological ageing. Classical progerias, such as Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome (HGPS), are generally caused by mutations in LMNA leading to accumulation of the toxic protein progerin and consequently, to nuclear envelope alterations. In this work, we describe a novel phenotypic feature of the progeria spectrum affecting three unrelated newborns and identify its genetic cause. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients reported herein present an extremely homogeneous phenotype that somewhat recapitulates those of patients with HGPS and mandibuloacral dysplasia...
June 22, 2016: Journal of Medical Genetics
Pallavi Tyagi, Zain Juma, Aravind R Reddy
BACKGROUND: Mulvihill-Smith syndrome is a rare progeroid syndrome of sporadic nature. Previously reported ophthalmological findings include astigmatism, myopia, endothelial dystrophy, keratoconus, cataract, band keratopathy, meibomian gland dysfunction, dry eye disease, amblyopia, and allergic conjunctivitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The proband, a 25-year-old male subject diagnosed with Mulvihill-Smith syndrome in childhood developed retinal changes with onset of adulthood...
June 8, 2016: Ophthalmic Genetics
Vania O Carvalho, Adriane Celli, Bruno Leonardo Bancke Laverde, Caroline Cunico, Guilherme Santos Piedade, Manuela Lucas de Mello, Paulo Sergio Beirao Junior
The Hutchinson-Gilford syndrome or progeria is a rare autosomal dominant syndrome characterized by premature aging and involvement of internal systems, such as the circulatory and locomotor. The diagnosis is essentially clinical and the manifestations become more evident from the first year of life. Long term outcome data from Progeria Research Foundation clinical trials have demonstrated an increase in survival in recent years. Even though new trials are ongoing, the recognition of this syndrome is essential to prevent cardiovascular and cerebrovascular complications...
2016: Dermatology Online Journal
Nard Kubben, Weiqi Zhang, Lixia Wang, Ty C Voss, Jiping Yang, Jing Qu, Guang-Hui Liu, Tom Misteli
Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome (HGPS) is a rare, invariably fatal premature aging disorder. The disease is caused by constitutive production of progerin, a mutant form of the nuclear architectural protein lamin A, leading, through unknown mechanisms, to diverse morphological, epigenetic, and genomic damage and to mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) attrition in vivo. Using a high-throughput siRNA screen, we identify the NRF2 antioxidant pathway as a driver mechanism in HGPS. Progerin sequesters NRF2 and thereby causes its subnuclear mislocalization, resulting in impaired NRF2 transcriptional activity and consequently increased chronic oxidative stress...
June 2, 2016: Cell
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