Read by QxMD icon Read


Sohair M Khojah, Anthony P Payne, Dagmara McGuinness, Paul G Shiels
There is a paucity of information on the molecular biology of aging processes in the brain. We have used biomarkers of aging (SA β-Gal, p16(Ink4a), Sirt5, Sirt6, and Sirt7) to demonstrate the presence of an accelerated aging phenotype across different brain regions in the AS/AGU rat, a spontaneous Parkinsonian mutant of PKCγ derived from a parental AS strain. P16(INK4a) expression was significantly higher in AS/AGU animals compared to age-matched AS controls (p < 0.001) and displayed segmental expression across various brain regions...
October 17, 2016: Cells
Joseph F O'Grady, Laura S Hoelters, Martin T Swain, David C Wilcockson
BACKGROUND: Talitrus saltator is an amphipod crustacean that inhabits the supralittoral zone on sandy beaches in the Northeast Atlantic and Mediterranean. T. saltator exhibits endogenous locomotor activity rhythms and time-compensated sun and moon orientation, both of which necessitate at least one chronometric mechanism. Whilst their behaviour is well studied, currently there are no descriptions of the underlying molecular components of a biological clock in this animal, and very few in other crustacean species...
2016: PeerJ
Jarmila Nahálková
The present review summarizes the knowledge about a protein-interaction network, which includes proteins with significant functions in the mechanisms of aging and age-related diseases. All the detected interacting proteins TPPII, p53, MYBBP1A, CDK2 and SIRT7, SIRT6, and CD147 are suitable for the development of antitumor therapeutics and treatments for diseases of aging. TPPII and SIRT6 directly affect glucose metabolism which drive malignant growth. In addition, SIRT6 activators are attractive candidates for Alzheimer's disease (AD) due to the protection effect of SIRT6 overexpression from DNA damage...
October 3, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Z Li, B Bridges, J Olson, S A Weinman
The multispecific transcription factor and tumor suppressor FOXO3 is an important mediator of apoptosis, but the mechanisms that control its proapoptotic function are poorly understood. There has long been evidence that acetylation promotes FOXO3-driven apoptosis and recently a specific JNK (c-Jun N-terminal kinase)-dependent S574 phosphorylated form (p-FOXO3) has been shown to be specifically apoptotic. This study examined whether acetylation and S574 phosphorylation act independently or in concert to regulate the apoptotic function of FOXO3...
September 26, 2016: Oncogene
Ratana Lim, Gillian Barker, Ramkumar Menon, Martha Lappas
Preterm birth remains the major cause of neonatal mortality and morbidity, mediated largely by an inflammatory process. The sirtuin (SIRT) family of cellular regulators have been implicated as key inhibitors of inflammation. We have previously reported a role for SIRT1, SIRT2 and SIRT6 in regulating inflammation-induced pro-labor mediators. In this study, we determined the effect of term labor and pro-inflammatory cytokines on SIRT3, SIRT4, SIRT5 and SIRT7 expression in human myometrium. Functional studies were also employed to investigate the effect of siRNA knockdown of SIRTs in regulating inflammation-induced pro-labor mediators...
September 14, 2016: Biology of Reproduction
Hongyang Shi, Yuqiang Ji, Dexin Zhang, Yun Liu, Ping Fang
Sirtuin7 (SIRT7) plays an important role in many cancer types, but its function in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains unclear. This study investigated the biological role and underlying mechanism of SIRT7 in NSCLC. Results showed that SIRT7 was highly expressed in NSCLC cell lines, as detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis. SIRT7 knockdown by small interfering RNA (siRNA) significantly inhibited the growth of NSCLC cells and induced their apoptosis. Bioinformatics algorithms indicated that SIRT7 was a putative target of microRNA-3666 (miR-3666)...
September 5, 2016: Oncology Reports
Janice E Drew, Andrew J Farquharson, Graham W Horgan, Lynda M Williams
The sirtuin (SIRT)/nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) system is implicated in development of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and diet-induced obesity, a major risk factor for T2D. Mechanistic links have not yet been defined. SIRT/NAD system gene expression and NAD/NADH levels were measured in liver, white adipose tissue (WAT) and skeletal muscle from mice fed either a low-fat diet or high-fat diet (HFD) for 3 days up to 16 weeks. An in-house custom-designed multiplex gene expression assay assessed all 7 mouse SIRTs (SIRT1-7) and 16 enzymes involved in conversion of tryptophan, niacin, nicotinamide riboside and metabolic precursors to NAD...
August 14, 2016: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Lianhui Sun, Guangjian Fan, Peipei Shan, Xiaoying Qiu, Shuxian Dong, Lujian Liao, Chunlei Yu, Tingting Wang, Xiaoyang Gu, Qian Li, Xiaoyu Song, Liu Cao, Xiaotao Li, Yongping Cui, Shengping Zhang, Chuangui Wang
Maintenance of energy homeostasis is essential for cell survival. Here, we report that the ATP- and ubiquitin-independent REGγ-proteasome system plays a role in maintaining energy homeostasis and cell survival during energy starvation via repressing rDNA transcription, a major intracellular energy-consuming process. Mechanistically, REGγ-proteasome limits cellular rDNA transcription and energy consumption by targeting the rDNA transcription activator SirT7 for ubiquitin-independent degradation under normal conditions...
2016: Nature Communications
Randall A Dass, Aishe A Sarshad, Brittany B Carson, Jennifer M Feenstra, Amanpreet Kaur, Ales Obrdlik, Matthew M Parks, Varsha Prakash, Damon K Love, Kristian Pietras, Rosa Serra, Scott C Blanchard, Piergiorgio Percipalle, Anthony M C Brown, C Theresa Vincent
Ribosome biogenesis is essential for cell growth and proliferation and is commonly elevated in cancer. Accordingly, numerous oncogene and tumor suppressor signaling pathways target rRNA synthesis. In breast cancer, non-canonical Wnt signaling by Wnt5a has been reported to antagonize tumor growth. Here, we show that Wnt5a rapidly represses rDNA gene transcription in breast cancer cells and generates a chromatin state with reduced transcription of rDNA by RNA polymerase I (Pol I). These effects were specifically dependent on Dishevelled1 (DVL1), which accumulates in nucleolar organizer regions (NORs) and binds to rDNA regions of the chromosome...
August 2016: PLoS Genetics
Hye Seung Lee, Wonkyung Jung, Eunjung Lee, Hyeyoon Chang, Jin Hyuk Choi, Han Gyeom Kim, Aeree Kim, Baek-Hui Kim
BACKGROUND: SIRT7 is one of the histone deacetylases and is NAD-dependent. It forms a complex with ETS-like transcription factor 4 (ELK4), which deacetylates H3K18ac and works as a transcriptional suppressor. Overexpression of SIRT7 and deacetylation of H3K18ac have been shown to be associated with aggressive clinical behavior in some cancers, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The present study investigated the immunohistochemical expression of SIRT7, H3K18ac, and ELK4 in hepatocellular carcinoma...
September 2016: Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine
Lei Li, Lan Shi, Shangda Yang, Ruorong Yan, Di Zhang, Jianguo Yang, Lin He, Wanjin Li, Xia Yi, Luyang Sun, Jing Liang, Zhongyi Cheng, Lei Shi, Yongfeng Shang, Wenhua Yu
Although SIRT7 is a member of sirtuin family proteins that are described as NAD(+)-dependent class III histone deacetylases, the intrinsic enzymatic activity of this sirtuin protein remains to be investigated and the cellular function of SIRT7 remains to be explored. Here we report that SIRT7 is an NAD(+)-dependent histone desuccinylase. We show that SIRT7 is recruited to DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) in a PARP1-dependent manner and catalyses desuccinylation of H3K122 therein, thereby promoting chromatin condensation and DSB repair...
2016: Nature Communications
Raffaele Palmirotta, Mauro Cives, David Della-Morte, Barbara Capuani, Davide Lauro, Fiorella Guadagni, Franco Silvestris
The human sirtuins (SIRT1-SIRT7) enzymes are a highly conserved family of NAD(+)-dependent histone deacetylases, which play a critical role in the regulation of a large number of metabolic pathways involved in stress response and aging. Cancer is an age-associated disease, and sirtuins may have a considerable impact on a plethora of processes that regulate tumorigenesis. In particular, growing evidence suggests that sirtuins may modulate epithelial plasticity by inducing transcriptional reprogramming leading to epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), invasion, and metastases...
2016: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Silvana Paredes, Katrin F Chua
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 15, 2016: EMBO Journal
Jiyung Shin, Danica Chen
Sirtuin 7 (SIRT7), a histone 3 lysine 18 (H3K18) deacetylase, functions at chromatin to suppress endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and mitochondrial protein folding stress (PFS(mt)), and prevent the development of fatty liver disease and hematopoietic stem cell aging. In this chapter, we provide a methodology to characterize the molecular, cellular, and physiological functions of SIRT7.
2016: Methods in Molecular Biology
Shaoping Ji, J Ronald Doucette, Adil J Nazarali
SIRT2 is a NAD(+)-dependent deacetylase that belongs to the sirtuin family, which is comprised of seven members (SIRT1-SIRT7) in humans. Furthermore, recent study shows that the Sirt2 gene has three transcript variants in mice. Several diverse proteins have been identified as SIRT2 substrates. SIRT2 activity involves multiple cell processes including growth, differentiation, and energy metabolism. However, little is known of SIRT2's role in oligodendrocytes or in the myelin sheath, where it is an important component...
2016: Methods in Molecular Biology
Berta N Vazquez, Joshua K Thackray, Nicolas G Simonet, Noriko Kane-Goldsmith, Paloma Martinez-Redondo, Trang Nguyen, Samuel Bunting, Alejandro Vaquero, Jay A Tischfield, Lourdes Serrano
Sirtuins, a family of protein deacetylases, promote cellular homeostasis by mediating communication between cells and environment. The enzymatic activity of the mammalian sirtuin SIRT7 targets acetylated lysine in the N-terminal tail of histone H3 (H3K18Ac), thus modulating chromatin structure and transcriptional competency. SIRT7 deletion is associated with reduced lifespan in mice through unknown mechanisms. Here, we show that SirT7-knockout mice suffer from partial embryonic lethality and a progeroid-like phenotype...
July 15, 2016: EMBO Journal
Mehri Igci, Mehmet Emin Kalender, Ersin Borazan, Ibrahim Bozgeyik, Recep Bayraktar, Esra Bozgeyik, Celaletdin Camci, Ahmet Arslan
Mammalian Sirtuins have been shown to perform distinct cellular functions and deregulated expression of these genes was reported to be involved in the development of various malignancies including breast cancer. An increasing number of evidence indicates that Sirtuins have both tumor promoter and tumor suppressor functions. However, the roles of Sirtuins have not been well-reported in breast cancer. In the present study, quantitative expression levels of Sirtuins (SIRT1-7) in breast cancer patients and breast cancer cell lines (MCF-7 and SKBR3) and control cell line (CRL-4010) were assessed by using a high-throughput real-time PCR method...
July 15, 2016: Gene
Sira Karvinen, Mika Silvennoinen, Petra Vainio, Lea Sistonen, Lauren G Koch, Steven L Britton, Heikki Kainulainen
AIM: Sirtuins are proteins that connect energy metabolism, oxidative stress and aging. Expression of heat shock proteins (Hsps) is regulated by heat shock factors (HSFs) in response to various environmental and physiological stresses, such as oxidative stress. Oxidative stress accumulates during aging which makes cells more prone to DNA damage. Although many experimental animal models have been designed to study the effects of knockdown or overexpression of sirtuins, HSFs and Hsps, little is known about how aging per se affects their expression...
June 15, 2016: Experimental Gerontology
Yujiro Kida, Michael S Goligorsky
The sirtuins (SIRTs) constitute a class of proteins with nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide-dependent deacetylase or adenosine diphosphate-ribosyltransferase activity. Seven SIRT family members have been identified in mammals, from SIRT1, the best studied for its role in vascular aging, to SIRT7. SIRT1 and SIRT2 are localized in the nucleus and cytoplasm. SIRT3, SIRT4, and SIRT5 are mitochondrial, and SIRT6 and SIRT7 are nuclear. Extensive studies have clearly revealed that SIRT proteins regulate diverse cell functions and responses to stressors...
May 2016: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
Zhen Tong, Yi Wang, Xiaoyu Zhang, David D Kim, Sushabhan Sadhukhan, Quan Hao, Hening Lin
Mammalian sirtuins (SIRT1-7) are members of a highly conserved family of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+))-dependent protein deacetylases that regulate many biological processes including metabolism, genome stability, and transcription. Among the seven human sirtuins, SIRT7 is the least understood, to a large extent due to the lack of enzymatic activity in vitro. Here, we reported that SIRT7 can be activated by DNA to hydrolyze the acetyl group from lysine residues in vitro on histone peptides and histones in the chromatin context...
March 18, 2016: ACS Chemical Biology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"