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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152116/microrna-526b-servers-as-a-prognostic-factor-and-exhibits-tumor-suppressive-property-by-targeting-sirtuin-7-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#1
Xin Liu, Liu Yang, Jianfeng Tu, Wenwei Cai, Meiqi Zhang, Zhangxuan Shou, Yingmin Yao, Qiuran Xu
Recent studies have reported that microRNA-526b (miR-526b) is implicated in the growth and metastasis of cancer cells. However, the clinical significance of miR-526b and its role as well as underlying mechanisms are largely unknown in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Here, we detected miR-526b expression difference between HCC and matched nontumor tissues with qRT-PCR. We found that miR-526b displayed lower expression in HCC patient tissues and cells. Clinical analysis revealed that low miR-526b expression correlated with large tumor size, venous infiltration, advanced tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) stage...
October 20, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132743/nuclear-sirtuins-and-inflammatory-signaling-pathways
#2
REVIEW
Keila Lopes Mendes, Deborah de Farias Lelis, Sérgio Henrique Sousa Santos
The regulation of chronic inflammation has received considerable research attention in recent years because of its contribution to the pathogenesis of chronic diseases such as arthritis, diabetes, metabolic syndrome and obesity. Thus, strategies that inhibit the inflammatory state may be beneficial in improving the pathophysiology of several inflammation-related disorders. Sirtuins are a family of histone deacetylases that contain seven enzymatic activities in mammals (SIRT1-SIRT7) and function to suppress gene transcription by epigenetic mechanisms...
November 7, 2017: Cytokine & Growth Factor Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123410/long-noncoding-rna-and-mrna-profiling-in-mda-mb-231-cells-following-rnai-mediated-knockdown-of-sirt7
#3
Kun-Lin Chen, Lian Li, Yi-Ru Wang, Cheng-Min Li, Tarig Mohammed Badri, Gen-Lin Wang
Breast cancer is one of the most common malignant cancers among women and a major clinical obstacle. Although studies have reported the abnormal expression of SIRT7 in breast cancer, whether the function of SIRT7 regulates the expression of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) in breast cancer remains unknown. We aimed to determine the differential expressions of mRNAs and lncRNAs associated with SIRT7 and understand the regulatory mechanism of SIRT7 in breast cancer. RNA sequencing was performed to explore the transcriptome in MDA-MB-231 cells after SIRT7 depletion, and a total of 50,634 different transcripts were identified...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101029/sirtuin-7-is-involved-in-the-consolidation-of-fear-memory-in-mice
#4
Md Safiqul Islam, Fan-Yan Wei, Kunimasa Ohta, Naoki Shigematsu, Takaichi Fukuda, Kazuhito Tomizawa, Tatsuya Yoshizawa, Kazuya Yamagata
Sirtuin 7 (SIRT7) is an NAD(+)-dependent deacetylase/deacylase, and is involved in a variety of biological processes relevant to the transcription of rRNA, the DNA damage response, tumorigenesis, and metabolism. SIRT7 mRNA is expressed ubiquitously, including in the brain, but there is no detailed information about the anatomical distribution and functional role of SIRT7 in the brain. Here, we demonstrated that SIRT7 is widely expressed in the mouse brain, including in the cortex, striatum, thalamus, hippocampus, and amygdala...
October 31, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100388/sirtuin-7-a-new-marker-of-aggressiveness-in-prostate-cancer
#5
Romain Haider, Fabienne Massa, Lisa Kaminski, Stephan Clavel, Zied Djabari, Guillaume Robert, Kathiane Laurent, Jean-François Michiels, Matthieu Durand, Jean-Ehrland Ricci, Jean-François Tanti, Frédéric Bost, Damien Ambrosetti
Predictive biomarkers for advanced prostate cancer (PCa) are still missing. The sirtuin 7 (SIRT7) has been linked to tumorogenesis but its role in prostate cancer is poorly documented. To determine if SIRT7 can be a biomarker for aggressive prostate cancer and plays a role in PCa aggressiveness. We analyzed the expression of SIRT7 by immunohistochemistry in 57 patients comparing healthy with adjacent cancer tissue. SIRT7 levels were significantly elevated in tumors and its expression was positively associated with the grade...
September 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979804/sirtuin-7-plays-an-oncogenic-role-in-human-osteosarcoma-via-downregulating-cdc4-expression
#6
Wang Wei, Zhang Xiao Jing, Zheng Ke, Pei Yi
It is still a controversy whether the role of Sirtuin 7 (SIRT7) is an oncogene or a tumor suppressor gene in cancer as SIRT7 may have different functions in different types of cancer. Particularly, the specific roles of SIRT7 in the progression of osteosarcoma remain undiscovered. The main aim of this study is to identify the expression of SIRT7 in osteosarcoma and explore the biological functions of SIRT7 in regulating cellular processes of osteosarcoma cells. Here, we show that SIRT7 expression was significantly higher in osteosarcoma tissues and osteosarcoma cell lines than in non-tumor tissues and an immortalized normal cell line, respectively...
2017: American Journal of Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944911/microrna%C3%A2-3666-inhibits-breast-cancer-cell-proliferation-by-targeting-sirtuin-7
#7
Di Li, Lifei Li
The abnormal expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) is associated with cancer initiation and progression. miRNAs functioning as oncogenes or tumor suppressors represent novel biomarkers for cancer diagnosis, prognosis, and serve as therapeutic tools. MiR‑3666 has been reported as a tumor suppressor in various types of cancer; however, its role in breast cancer remains unknown. In the current study, the aim was to investigate the potential role of miR‑3666 in breast cancer. It was identified that miR‑3666 was decreased in breast cancer cell lines and that the overexpression of miR‑3666 inhibited breast cancer cell proliferation...
December 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939414/role-of-the-epigenetic-factor-sirt7-in-neuroinflammation-and-neurogenesis
#8
Nicolas Burg, Stefan Bittner, Erik Ellwardt
Epigenetic regulators are increasingly recognized as relevant modulators in the immune and nervous system. The class of sirtuins consists of NAD(+)-dependent histone deacetylases that regulate transcription. Sirtuin family member Sirt1 has already been shown to influence the disease course in an animal model of autoimmune neuroinflammation (experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). A role of Sirt7, a related epigenetic regulator, on immune system regulation has been proposed before, as these mice are more susceptible to develop inflammatory cardiomyopathy...
September 20, 2017: Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923965/sirt7-promotes-adipogenesis-in-the-mouse-by-inhibiting-autocatalytic-activation-of-sirt1
#9
Jian Fang, Alessandro Ianni, Christian Smolka, Olesya Vakhrusheva, Hendrik Nolte, Marcus Krüger, Astrid Wietelmann, Nicolas G Simonet, Juan M Adrian-Segarra, Alejandro Vaquero, Thomas Braun, Eva Bober
Sirtuins (Sirt1-Sirt7) are NAD(+)-dependent protein deacetylases/ADP ribosyltransferases, which play decisive roles in chromatin silencing, cell cycle regulation, cellular differentiation, and metabolism. Different sirtuins control similar cellular processes, suggesting a coordinated mode of action but information about potential cross-regulatory interactions within the sirtuin family is still limited. Here, we demonstrate that Sirt1 requires autodeacetylation to efficiently deacetylate targets such as p53, H3K9, and H4K16...
October 3, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911000/dicer-regulates-non-homologous-end-joining-and-is-associated-with-chemosensitivity-in-colon-cancer-patients
#10
Xiao Chen, Wen-Feng Li, Xiaoli Wu, Heng-Chao Zhang, Li Chen, Pei-Ying Zhang, Li-Yuan Liu, Di Ma, Tongke Chen, Lingli Zhou, Yunsheng Xu, Meng-Tao Zhou, Kai-Fu Tang
DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair is an important mechanism underlying chemotherapy resistance in human cancers. Dicer participates in DSB repair by facilitating homologous recombination. However, whether Dicer is involved in non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) remains unknown. Here, we addressed whether Dicer regulates NHEJ and chemosensitivity in colon cancer cells. Using our recently developed NHEJ assay, we found that DSB introduction by I-SceI cleavage leads to Dicer upregulation. Dicer knockdown increased SIRT7 binding and decreased the level of H3K18Ac (acetylated lysine 18 of histone H3) at DSB sites, thereby repressing the recruitment of NHEJ factors to DSB sites and inhibiting NHEJ...
September 1, 2017: Carcinogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891317/the-role-of-sirtuins-in-antioxidant-and-redox-signaling
#11
Chandra K Singh, Gagan Chhabra, Mary Ann Ndiaye, Liz Mariely Garcia-Peterson, Nicholas J Mack, Nihal Ahmad
SIGNIFICANCE: Antioxidant and redox signaling (ARS) events are regulated by critical molecules that modulate antioxidants, reactive oxygen species (ROS) or reactive nitrogen species (RNS), and/or oxidative stress within the cell. Imbalances in these molecules can disturb cellular functions to become pathogenic. Sirtuins serve as important regulators of ARS in cells. Recent Advances: Sirtuins (SIRTs 1-7) are a family of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD)-dependent histone deacetylases with the ability to deacetylate histone and nonhistone targets...
October 20, 2017: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886238/sirt7-deacetylates-ddb1-and-suppresses-the-activity-of-the-crl4-e3-ligase-complexes
#12
Yan Mo, Ran Lin, Peng Liu, Minjia Tan, Yue Xiong, Kun-Liang Guan, Hai-Xin Yuan
Cullin 4 (CUL4) and small ring finger protein ROC1 assemble to form E3 ubiquitin ligase (CRL4) complexes. CUL4 interacts with WD-40 proteins through the adaptor protein DNA damage-binding protein 1 (DDB1) to target substrates for ubiquitylation. Very little is known on how the CUL4 and DDB1 interaction is regulated. Here, we show that DDB1 is acetylated and acetylation promotes DDB1 binding to CUL4. We also identify nucleolar sirtuin 7 (SIRT7) as a major deacetylase that negatively regulates DDB1-CUL4 interaction...
September 8, 2017: FEBS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880264/knockdown-of-sirt7-enhances-the-osteogenic-differentiation-of-human-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cells-partly-via-activation-of-the-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling-pathway
#13
Erman E M Chen, Wei Zhang, Chenyi C Y Ye, Xiang Gao, Liangjun L J Jiang, Tengfei T F Zhao, Zhijun Z J Pan, Deting D T Xue
Sirtuin 7 (SIRT7) is a NAD(+)-dependent deacetylase in the sirtuin family. In a previous study, human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs) with reduced SIRT7 activity were developed to evaluate the effect of SIRT7 on osteogenesis. SIRT7 knockdown significantly enhanced osteoblast-specific gene expression, alkaline phosphatase activity, and mineral deposition in vitro. Additionally, SIRT7 knockdown upregulated β-catenin. The enhanced osteogenesis due to SIRT7 knockdown was partially rescued by a Wnt/β-catenin inhibitor...
September 7, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842251/sirt7-stabilizes-rdna-heterochromatin-through-recruitment-of-dnmt1-and-sirt1
#14
Alessandro Ianni, Soraya Hoelper, Marcus Krueger, Thomas Braun, Eva Bober
Maintenance of highly compact heterochromatin at ribosomal DNA (rDNA) segments is essential to prevent homologous recombination between rDNA repeats and for preserving genomic stability and nucleolar architecture. Here, we investigated the role of Sirtuin 7 (Sirt7) in the regulation of rDNA chromatin structure, rDNA repeat stability and nucleolar organization. We found that Sirt7 mediates heterochromatin formation at rRNA genes through recruitment of DNA methyltransferase 1 and another member of the sirtuin family, Sirt1...
October 21, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827661/sirt7-antagonizes-tgf-%C3%AE-signaling-and-inhibits-breast-cancer-metastasis
#15
Xiaolong Tang, Lei Shi, Ni Xie, Zuojun Liu, Minxian Qian, Fanbiao Meng, Qingyang Xu, Mingyan Zhou, Xinyue Cao, Wei-Guo Zhu, Baohua Liu
Distant metastasis is the main cause of breast cancer-related death; however, effective therapeutic strategies targeting metastasis are still scarce. This is largely attributable to the spatiotemporal intratumor heterogeneity during metastasis. Here we show that protein deacetylase SIRT7 is significantly downregulated in breast cancer lung metastases in human and mice, and predicts metastasis-free survival. SIRT7 deficiency promotes breast cancer cell metastasis, while temporal expression of Sirt7 inhibits metastasis in polyomavirus middle T antigen breast cancer model...
August 22, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790157/sirt7-and-the-dead-box-helicase-ddx21-cooperate-to-resolve-genomic-r-loops-and-safeguard-genome-stability
#16
Chenlin Song, Agnes Hotz-Wagenblatt, Renate Voit, Ingrid Grummt
R loops are three-stranded nucleic acid structures consisting of an RNA:DNA heteroduplex and a "looped-out" nontemplate strand. As aberrant formation and persistence of R loops block transcription elongation and cause DNA damage, mechanisms that resolve R loops are essential for genome stability. Here we show that the DEAD (Asp-Glu-Ala-Asp)-box RNA helicase DDX21 efficiently unwinds R loops and that depletion of DDX21 leads to accumulation of cellular R loops and DNA damage. Significantly, the activity of DDX21 is regulated by acetylation...
August 8, 2017: Genes & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772218/suppression-of-microrna-142-5p-attenuates-hypoxia-induced-apoptosis-through-targeting-sirt7
#17
Liying Zhan, Shaoqing Lei, Wenlan Li, Yuan Zhang, Huaxin Wang, Yan Shi, Yulong Tian
Increasing study has suggested that microRNAs (miRNAs) are pivotal regulators in regulating hypoxia-induced injury. miR-142-5p has been suggested as a critical regulator for cellular survival. However, the role of miR-142-5p in regulating hypoxia-induced injury remains unknown. In this study, we aimed to investigate the mechanistic roles of miR-142-5p in regulating cell survival during hypoxia treatment using H9C2 cardiomyoblasts and primary cardiomyocytes. We showed that miR-142-5p expression level was significantly repressed by hypoxia treatment...
October 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768896/the-effects-of-graded-levels-of-calorie-restriction-xi-evaluation-of-the-main-hypotheses-underpinning-the-life-extension-effects-of-cr-using-the-hepatic-transcriptome
#18
Davina Derous, Sharon E Mitchell, Lu Wang, Cara L Green, Yingchun Wang, Luonan Chen, Jing-Dong J Han, Daniel E L Promislow, David Lusseau, Alex Douglas, John R Speakman
Calorie restriction (CR) may extend longevity by modulating the mechanisms involved in aging. Different hypotheses have been proposed for its main mode of action. We quantified hepatic transcripts of male C57BL/6 mice exposed to graded levels of CR (0% to 40% CR) for three months, and evaluated the responses relative to these various hypotheses. Of the four main signaling pathways implied to be linked to the impact of CR on lifespan (insulin/insulin like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), nuclear factor-kappa beta (NF-ĸB), mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) and sirtuins (SIRTs)), all the pathways except SIRT were altered in a manner consistent with increased lifespan...
July 31, 2017: Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675767/sirtuin7-is-involved-in-protecting-neurons-against-oxygen-glucose-deprivation-and-reoxygenation-induced-injury-through-regulation-of-the-p53-signaling-pathway
#19
Jianrui Lv, Junbin Tian, Guoxi Zheng, Jing Zhao
Sirtuin7 (SIRT7) is known to regulate apoptosis and stress responses. So far, very little is known about the role of SIRT7 in cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury. In this study, we aimed to investigate the potential role of SIRT7 in regulating oxygen-glucose deprivation and reoxygenation (OGD/R)-induced injury in neurons. We found a significant increase of SIRT7 expression in neurons in response to OGD/R treatment. Knockdown of SIRT7 aggravated OGD/R-induced injury. Knockdown of SIRT7 augmented the levels of total and acetylated p53 protein...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661724/sirt1-and-sirt6-signaling-pathways-in-cardiovascular-disease-protection
#20
Nunzia D'Onofrio, Luigi Servillo, Maria Luisa Balestrieri
SIGNIFICANCE: Oxidative stress represents the common hallmark of pathological conditions associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD), including atherosclerosis, heart failure, hypertension, aging, diabetes, and other vascular system-related diseases. The sirtuin (SIRT) family, comprising seven proteins (SIRT1-SIRT7) sharing a highly conserved nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+))-binding catalytic domain, attracted a great attention for the past few years as stress adaptor and epigenetic enzymes involved in the cellular events controlling aging-related disorder, cancer, and CVD...
June 29, 2017: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
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