keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Laryngeal cancer

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530217/-phonosurgical-methods-of-treatment-in-unilateral-vocal-folds-paralysis
#1
REVIEW
Bozena Kosztyła-Hojna, Greta Berger, Maciej Zdrojkowski
Glottal insufficiency (GI) is a cause of breathy voice that can profoundly affect quality of voice. Main causes are unilateral vocal fold paralysis or endoscopic cordectomy for the early treatment of laryngeal cancer of the glottis. The main strategy in surgical treatment is type I medialization thyroplasty according to Isshiki with the use of implants e.g. silastic, hydroxyapatite, titanium, Gore-Tex or Montgomery. Other procedures are arytenoid adduction, the injection laryngoplasty via thyrohyoid and cricothyroid approach and laryngeal reinnervation...
April 21, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528064/transient-aphonia-after-mediastinoscopy
#2
Frank O Velez-Cubian, Kavian Toosi, Jessica Glover, Bharat Pancholy, Edward Hong
The most common adverse event after cervical mediastinoscopy is recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) injury, which has an incidence of 0.6% [1]. We report the case of a 68-year-old man with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who experienced transient bilateral vocal cord paralysis after mediastinoscopy, which manifested in complete aphonia. This patient's ability to maintain his airway was carefully followed up, but neither endotracheal intubation nor tracheostomy was required. The vocal cord paralysis resolved without intervention after 5 hours...
June 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523362/transoral-endoscopic-thyroidectomy-our-initial-experience-using-a-new-endoscopic-technique
#3
Jun-Ook Park, Dong-Il Sun
BACKGROUND: A transoral approach has been experimentally introduced to the field of thyroid surgery and several groups in Asia have recently used the technique to treat patients. We performed transoral endoscopic thyroidectomies on patients with thyroid cancer or a benign tumor. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of patients who underwent transoral endoscopic thyroid surgery between July 2016 and January 2017. A midline incision was made in the vestibule, and a 10 mm cannula was placed; then, the working space was widened by insufflating CO2 at a pressure of 5-6 mmHg...
May 18, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522278/a-large-french-multicenter-retrospective-series-of-t1-t2n0-vocal-cords-carcinomas-treated-with-exclusive-irradiation
#4
A Robert, Y Pointreau, G Janoray, É Bardet, M Fesneau, P Garaud, S Chapet, C Lafond, O Dupuis, G Calais
PURPOSE: The main objective of this study was to evaluate the 5-year efficacy of exclusive laryngeal radiotherapy without node prophylactic irradiation for localized cancers of the vocal cords. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed charts from 258 patients with T1-T2N0 glottic carcinoma irradiated from April 1987 to March 2015 in four France western centers, including pretreated patients. Toxicity was analyzed according to CTCAE v4.0 classification. RESULTS: The median follow-up was 50 months...
May 15, 2017: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516961/supracricoid-partial-laryngectomy-with-crico-hyoido-epiglottopexy-for-glottic-carcinoma-with-anterior-commissure-involvement
#5
I Atallah, E Berta, A Coffre, J Villa, E Reyt, C A Righini
Glottic cancers discovered at an early stage (T1-T2) can be treated with either radiotherapy or surgery. The aim of our study is to analyse survival and functional results of supra-cricoid partial laryngectomy (SCPL) with crico-hyoido-epiglottopexy (CHEP) as surgical treatment for glottic carcinoma with anterior commissure involvement. We performed a retrospective study (1996-2013) which included patients who underwent SCPL-CHEP for glottic squamous cell carcinoma with involvement of the anterior commissure...
June 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514842/gender-difference-in-radiotherapy-induced-carotid-stenosis
#6
Y Yang, W Yang, T J Wang
Radiotherapy (RT) is often the first choice of treatment for cancer of the larynx. Studies have shown that the incidence of carotid stenosis (CS) after radiotherapy of laryngeal cancer is increasing, and that gender difference in radiotherapy-induced side effects exist. Thus, we examined the gender difference in the incidence of CS and the impact of microinflammatory factors after radiotherapy. We reported this study on patients who received radiotherapy as part of the treatment for laryngeal cancer in the Jilin Province in China...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514358/-ionizing-radiation-and-laryngeal-cancer
#7
V F Antoniv, V I Popaduyk, T V Antoniv
The cause behind the currently ever increasing number of patients presenting with laryngeal cancer lies not only in the lack of the apprehensive attitude toward oncological diseases among the medical profession but also in the changing conditions of human life and environment. As many as 165 patients suffering from laryngeal cancer of the 490 ones admitted to our clinic had undergone the influence of ionizing radiation before they were allocated to the main study group while the remaining 325 cases made up the control group...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512416/unusual-case-of-laryngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-with-cervical-metastasis-of-a-prostatic-adenocarcinoma-a-case-report
#8
David Cédric Lauffer, Florian Johann Werner Lang, Marc Kueng, Abdelkarim Said Allal
Brain and Head and neck metastases are rare in prostatic carcinoma patients. In this report we present a very uncommon case of the concomitant occurrence of a prostatic adenocarcinoma with neck metastases and an advanced laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma without neck metastases. The presence of cervical lymph node prostate adenocarcinoma metastasis concomitantly with a laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma is at least intriguing and may remind us of a rare event called "collision tumors". In this case we had the metastatization of 1 carcinoma to the site of the drainage of another carcinoma, but we never found the 2 histological types as close as requested to reach the definition of a collision tumor...
January 2017: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510799/practical-surgical-techniques-for-lymphadenectomy-along-the-right-recurrent-laryngeal-nerve-during-thoracoscopic-esophagectomy-in-the-prone-position
#9
Taro Oshikiri, Tetsu Nakamura, Yukiko Miura, Hiroshi Hasegawa, Masashi Yamamoto, Shingo Kanaji, Kimihiro Yamashita, Yoshiko Matsuda, Takeru Matsuda, Yasuo Sumi, Satoshi Suzuki, Yoshihiro Kakeji
BACKGROUND: In esophageal squamous cell cancer (SCC), lymphadenectomy along the right recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) is important for disease control. The metastatic rate was 33% and the 5-year overall survival rate of these patients was 33.3%,1 but the risk of RLN palsy increases.2 We reported a reliable new method ('Pincers Maneuver')3 for lymphadenectomy along the right RLN during thoracoscopic esophagectomy in the prone position (TEP), and hereby present our video, aimed at providing a complete and safe dissection...
May 16, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508841/morbidity-of-central-compartment-clearance-comparison-of-lesser-versus-complete-clearance-in-patients-with-thyroid-cancer
#10
Gouri Pantvaidya, Rakesh Katna, Anuja Deshmukh, Deepa Nair, Anil D'Cruz
BACKGROUND: Extent of central compartment neck dissection (CCND) in thyroid cancers has been a debate because of associated morbidity. There have been attempts to reduce the extent of surgery in an attempt to decrease morbidity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analyzed the morbidity of CCND from our prospectively maintained surgical morbidity database. CCND was divided into bilateral complete clearance (BCC) and less than complete clearance (LCC). LCC was performed for clinicoradiologically node negative patients...
January 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506414/unintentional-recurrent-laryngeal-nerve-injuries-following-thyroidectomy-is-it-the-surgeon-who-pays-the-bill
#11
REVIEW
C Gambardella, A Polistena, A Sanguinetti, R Patrone, S Napolitano, D Esposito, D Testa, V Marotta, A Faggiano, P G Calò, N Avenia, G Conzo
BACKGROUND: Thyroidectomy is one of the most common intervention in general surgery and, after the turn of the century, its rate has sharply increased, along with a worldwide increased incidence of differentiated thyroid cancers. Therefore, injuries of the recurrent laryngeal nerve have become one of the most frequent cause of surgical malpractice claims, mostly following surgery for benign pathology. MAIN BODY: Even if the incidence of definitive paralysis is generally lower than 3%, during the last 20 years in Italy, the number of claims for damages has sharply raised...
May 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500749/local-resectability-assessment-of-head-and-neck-cancer-positron-emission-tomography-mri-versus-positron-emission-tomography-ct
#12
Tetsuro Sekine, Felipe de Galiza Barbosa, Gaspar Delso, Irene A Burger, Paul Stolzmann, Edwin E Ter Voert, Gerhard F Huber, Spyros S Kollias, Gustav K von Schulthess, Patrick Veit-Haibach, Martin W Huellner
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of positron emission tomography (PET)/MRI with PET/CT for local resectability of head and neck cancer. METHODS: Sequential contrast-enhanced PET/CT-MRI was performed in 58 patients referred for the staging or restaging of head and neck cancer. Tumors were assessed with PET/CT and PET/MRI for the presence of resectability-defining factors: T4b status (mediastinal invasion, invasion of the prevertebral space, and vascular encasement), and another 8 findings that would imply obstacles for surgical cure (invasion of the laryngeal cartilage, invasion of the preepiglottic fat pad, perineural spread, orbital invasion, bone infiltration, skull base invasion, dural infiltration, and invasion of the brachial plexus)...
May 13, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494008/blocking-of-stromal-interaction-molecule-1-expression-influence-cell-proliferation-and-promote-cell-apoptosis-in-vitro-and-inhibit-tumor-growth-in-vivo-in-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#13
Ping Li, Xue-Yan Bian, Qing Chen, Xiao-Feng Yao, Xu-Dong Wang, Wen-Chao Zhang, Ying-Jie Tao, Rui Jin, Lun Zhang
Calcium signal plays an important role in a variety of cancer cell metabolism, but knowledge on its role in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is limited. Store-operated calcium entry (SOCE) is the principal Ca2+ entry mechanism that maintains calcium concentration and produces calcium signal in non-excitable cells. SOCE is triggered by stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1), which is located in endoplasmic reticulum (ER) as Ca2+ sensor. Although, many studies demonstrated that STIM1 and SOCE play important functions in the regulation of many cancer progressions, their clinical relevance in HNSCC remains unclear...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492914/antibiotic-prescribing-for-nonbacterial-acute-upper-respiratory-infections-in-elderly-persons
#14
Michael Silverman, Marcus Povitz, Jessica M Sontrop, Lihua Li, Lucie Richard, Sonny Cejic, Salimah Z Shariff
Background: Reducing inappropriate antibiotic prescribing for acute upper respiratory tract infections (AURIs) requires a better understanding of the factors associated with this practice. Objective: To determine the prevalence of antibiotic prescribing for nonbacterial AURIs and whether prescribing rates varied by physician characteristics. Design: Retrospective analysis of linked administrative health care data. Setting: Primary care physician practices in Ontario, Canada (January-December 2012)...
May 9, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492904/screening-for-thyroid-cancer-updated-evidence-report-and-systematic-review-for-the-us-preventive-services-task-force
#15
Jennifer S Lin, Erin J Aiello Bowles, Selvi B Williams, Caitlin C Morrison
Importance: The incidence of detected thyroid cancer cases has been increasing in the United States since 1975. The majority of thyroid cancers are differentiated cancers with excellent prognosis and long-term survival. Objective: To systematically review the benefits and harms associated with thyroid cancer screening and treatment of early thyroid cancer in asymptomatic adults to inform the US Preventive Services Task Force. Data Sources: Searches of MEDLINE, PubMed, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials for relevant studies published from January 1966 through January 2016, with active surveillance through December 2016...
May 9, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489236/histologic-correlation-of-vegf-and-cox-2-expression-with-tumor-size-in-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-larynx-and-hypopharynx
#16
Rodrigo Gonzalez Bonhin, Guilherme Machado de Carvalho, Alexandre Caixeta Guimarães, Vanessa Brito Rocha, Carlos Takahiro Chone, Agrício Nubiato Crespo, Eliane Maria Amstalden
The prognosis and survival of patients with laryngeal and hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) are related to the clinical staging. Tumor growth and metastasis are closely related to angiogenesis. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) are intimately related to the angiogenic process in which the blood supply required for neoplastic evolution is ensured. Considering the contributions of VEGF and COX-2 to the formation, growth, and progression of primary tumors, as well as their metastasis, it has been thought that the expression of these two factors might be related to the size and/or aggressiveness of laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancer...
April 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488238/trans-oral-miniature-x-ray-radiation-delivery-system-with-endoscopic-optical-feedback
#17
Axel Boese, Fredrick Johnson, Till Ebert, Ali Mahmoud-Pashazadeh, Christoph Arens, Michael Friebe
PURPOSE: Surgery, chemo- and/or external radiation therapy are the standard therapy options for the treatment of laryngeal cancer. Trans-oral access for the surgery reduces traumata and hospitalization time. A new trend in treatment is organ-preserving surgery. To avoid regrowth of cancer, this type of surgery can be combined with radiation therapy. Since external radiation includes healthy tissue surrounding the cancerous zone, a local and direct intraoral radiation delivery would be beneficial...
May 9, 2017: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485541/yy1-directly-suppresses-myct1-leading-to-laryngeal-tumorigenesis-and-progress
#18
Si-Yao Qu, Yuan-Yuan Sun, Yun-Hui Li, Zhen-Ming Xu, Wei-Neng Fu
YY1 is a key transcription factor and plays different roles in various cancers. However, role and mechanism of YY1 in laryngeal cancer are still unknown. YY1 and MYCT1 mRNA and protein levels were detected by Real-time RT-PCR and Western Blot methods, respectively. Binding of YY1 to MYCT1 promoter was predicted and confirmed by bioinformatics and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays, respectively. MYCT1 promoter activity was assessed by dual luciferase assay system. Laryngeal cancer cell proliferation, migration, and apoptosis were evaluated by cell viability, colony formation, cell scratch assay, transwell assay, and flow cytometry methods, respectively...
May 9, 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485346/squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-upper-aerodigestive-tract-in-exclusive-smokers-chewers-and-those-with-no-habits
#19
S Nair, S Datta, S Thiagarajan, S Chakrabarti, D Nair, P Chaturvedi
BACKGROUND: Tobacco consumption is the major risk factor for developing head and neck squamous cell cancer (SCC). The site of development of HNSCC may depend on the way the tobacco is consumed. While laryngeal cancers are more common among smokers, oral cancers are more common among tobacco chewers. Since the use of smokeless tobacco is increasing, it is important to know whether this difference is restricted only to site wise distribution or it has other clinical and pathological implications...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483662/the-management-of-polyps-in-female-reproductive-organs
#20
REVIEW
Vasilios Tanos, Kelsey Elizabeth Berry, Jaana Seikkula, Elissa Abi Raad, Andreas Stavroulis, Zaki Sleiman, Rudi Campo, Stephan Gordts
Polyps of the lower reproductive tract are found in 7.8-50% of women. It has been hypothesized that cytogenetic modifications on chromosomes 6, 7 and 12 as well as epigenetic factors involving enzyme and metabolic activities may cause polyps to develop. Cervical polyps found in 2-5% of cases are of low clinical significance and can cause, although rarely, post coital bleedings. Cervical polyps grow during pregnancy and mucorrhoea. Trans vaginal ultrasound (TVU) provides an excellent diagnostic technique to diagnose the size and the anatomic location of endometrial polyps (EPs)...
May 5, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
keyword
keyword
7819
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"