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micronutrient testing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647874/alleviative-effect-of-licorice-on-copper-chloride-induced-oxidative-stress-in-the-brain-biochemical-histopathological-immunohistochemical-and-genotoxic-study
#1
Heba El-Sayed Mostafa, Eman Ahmad Alaa-Eldin, Dalia Abdallah El-Shafei, Nehal S Abouhashem
Although copper is an essential micronutrient involved in a variety of biological processes indispensable for sustaining life, it can be toxic when administered in excess. Licorice (Glycyrrhizaglabra) has been used in Chinese folk medicine for the treatment of various disorders. Licorice has the biological capabilities of detoxication, antioxidation, and antiinfection. Here, we test the hypothesis that licorice could ameliorate copper-induced neurotoxic and genotoxic effects in adult male albino rats. For this purpose, 48 adult male albino rats were randomized into five groups: group I (8 rats), untreated control; group II (16 rats), subdivided into; vehicle control IIa (8 rats) which received 1 mL saline twice weekly intraperitoneally for 8 weeks and vehicle control IIb (8 rats) received 0...
June 24, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644529/reciprocal-cooperation-of-phytochemicals-and-micronutrients-against-typical-and-atypical-forms-of-borrelia-spp
#2
Anna Goc, Alexandra Niedzwiecki, Matthias Rath
AIMS: Borrelia spp., a causative pathogenic factor of Lyme disease, has become a major public health threat. Current treatments based on antibiotics often lead to relapse after their withdrawal. Naturally derived substances that could work synergistically to display higher efficacy compared to the individual components may serve as a resource for the development of novel approaches to combat both active and latent forms of Borrelia spp. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using checkerboard assay, we investigated the anti-borreliae reciprocal cooperation of phytochemicals and micronutrients against two species of Borrelia selected as prevalent causes of Lyme disease in the US and Europe...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644370/adaptation-of-new-colombian-food-based-complementary-feeding-recommendations-using-linear-programming
#3
Marion Tharrey, Gilma A Olaya, Mary Fewtrell, Elaine Ferguson
OBJECTIVE: To use Linear Programming (LP) analyses to adapt New Complementary Feeding Guidelines (NCFg) designed for infants aged 6-12 month (m) living in poor socioeconomic circumstances in Bogota to ensure dietary adequacy for young children aged 12-23 m. DESIGN: A secondary data analysis was performed using dietary and anthropometric data collected from 12 m old infants (n = 72) participating in a randomised controlled trial. LP analyses were performed to identify nutrients whose requirements were difficult to achieve using local foods as consumed; and to test and compare the NCFg and alternative food-based recommendations (FBRs) on the basis of dietary adequacy, for 11 micronutrients, at the population level...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633691/dietary-gap-assessment-an-approach-for-evaluating-whether-a-country-s-food-supply-can-support-healthy-diets-at-the-population-level
#4
Edye M Kuyper, Reina Engle-Stone, Joanne E Arsenault, Mary Arimond, Katherine P Adams, Kathryn G Dewey
OBJECTIVE: Dietary diversity, and in particular consumption of nutrient-rich foods including fruits, vegetables, nuts, beans and animal-source foods, is linked to greater nutrient adequacy. We developed a 'dietary gap assessment' to evaluate the degree to which a nation's food supply could support healthy diets at the population level. Design/Setting In the absence of global food-based dietary guidelines, we selected the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet as an example because there is evidence it prevents diet-related chronic disease and supports adequate micronutrient intakes...
June 21, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629485/characterisation-of-vitamin-and-mineral-supplement-users-differentiated-according-to-their-motives-for-using-supplements-results-of-the-german-national-nutrition-monitoring-nemonit
#5
Anne Frey, Ingrid Hoffmann, Thorsten Heuer
OBJECTIVE: To characterise German vitamin and mineral supplement users differentiated by their motives for supplement use. DESIGN: Data were obtained from the German National Nutrition Monitoring (2010/11) via two 24 h dietary recalls and a telephone interview. Motive-based subgroups of supplement users were identified by factor and cluster analysis. Sociodemographic, lifestyle, health and dietary characteristics and supplement use were examined. Differences were analysed using χ 2 tests, logistic and linear regression models...
June 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623904/impact-of-preconceptional-micronutrient-supplementation-on-maternal-mental-health-during-pregnancy-and-postpartum-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-vietnam
#6
Phuong H Nguyen, Ann M DiGirolamo, Ines Gonzalez-Casanova, Hoa Pham, Wei Hao, Hieu Nguyen, Truong V Truong, Son Nguyen, Kimberly B Harding, Gregory A Reinhart, Reynaldo Martorell, Usha Ramakrishnan
BACKGROUND: Micronutrient malnutrition has been associated with maternal depressive symptoms (MDS), but little is known about the effects of preconceptional micronutrient supplementation. This paper examined the effects of preconceptional micronutrient supplementation on MDS during pregnancy and postpartum. METHODS: We used data from a double-blind controlled trial (PRECONCEPT) in which 5011 Vietnamese women were randomized to receive weekly supplements containing either a) multiple micronutrients (MM) b) iron and folic acid (IFA) or c) folic acid (FA) until conception (n = 1813)...
June 17, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614727/micronutrient-consumption-by-female-argiope-bruennichi-affects-offspring-survival
#7
Shawn M Wilder, Jutta M Schneider
Sexual cannibalism has long been hypothesized to be a foraging decision in which females consume males for the nutrients in their bodies. While few studies have documented fecundity benefits of sexual cannibalism, several recent studies have documented benefits of cannibalism to egg hatching success or offspring survival. We tested if small supplements of dietary essential nutrients fed to female spiders, Argiope bruennichi, would result in increases in offspring survival similar to those seen following sexual cannibalism...
June 11, 2017: Journal of Insect Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537578/relation-between-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-and-micronutrient-intake-in-a-prospective-study
#8
P Mullie, E Mertens, R Charlier, S S Knaeps, J Lefevre, P Clarys
Micronutrient dilution following sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption can lead to a qualitative impoverishment of a dietary pattern. The aim of this prospective study was to investigate the relation between SSB consumption and micronutrients. A total 562 adults were tested in 2002 and 2012 for the same anthropometric, lifestyle and nutritional intake activity parameters. Calcium, iron and magnesium intake decreased with increasing baseline SSB intake, and with increasing SSB consumption during the 10 years...
May 24, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535743/acceptability-of-complementary-foods-that-incorporate-moringa-oleifera-leaf-powder-among-infants-and-their-caregivers
#9
Laurene Boateng, Ruth Nyarko, Matilda Asante, Matilda Steiner-Asiedu
BACKGROUND: Moringa Oleifera leaf powder (MLP) is a nutrient-rich and readily available food resource that has the potential to improve the micronutrient quality of complementary foods in developing countries. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the acceptability of complementary foods fortified with MLP. METHODS: Moringa Oleifera leaf powder was fed to infants either as part of a cereal-legume complementary food blend (MCL-35 g) or by sprinkling as a food supplement (MS-5 g) on infant's usual foods...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531168/a-novel-millet-based-probiotic-fermented-food-for-the-developing-world
#10
Elisa Di Stefano, Jessica White, Shannon Seney, Sharareh Hekmat, Tim McDowell, Mark Sumarah, Gregor Reid
Probiotic yogurt, comprised of a Fiti sachet containing Lactobacillus rhamnosus GR-1 and Streptococcus thermophilus C106, has been used in the developing world, notably Africa, to alleviate malnutrition and disease. In sub-Saharan African countries, fermentation of cereals such as millet, is culturally significant. The aim of this study was to investigate the fermentation capability of millet when one gram of the Fiti sachet consortium was added. An increase of 1.8 and 1.4 log CFU/mL was observed for S. thermophilus C106 and L...
May 22, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529518/genetic-variability-genotype-%C3%A3-environment-interaction-correlation-and-gge-biplot-analysis-for-grain-iron-and-zinc-concentration-and-other-agronomic-traits-in-ril-population-of-sorghum-sorghum-bicolor-l-moench
#11
Rahul M Phuke, Kotla Anuradha, Kommineni Radhika, Farzana Jabeen, Ghanta Anuradha, Thatikunta Ramesh, K Hariprasanna, Shivaji P Mehtre, Santosh P Deshpande, Gaddameedi Anil, Roma R Das, Abhishek Rathore, Tom Hash, Belum V S Reddy, Are Ashok Kumar
The low grain iron and zinc densities are well documented problems in food crops, affecting crop nutritional quality especially in cereals. Sorghum is a major source of energy and micronutrients for majority of population in Africa and central India. Understanding genetic variation, genotype × environment interaction and association between these traits is critical for development of improved cultivars with high iron and zinc. A total of 336 sorghum RILs (Recombinant Inbred Lines) were evaluated for grain iron and zinc concentration along with other agronomic traits for 2 years at three locations...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526376/the-excessive-caloric-intake-and-micronutrient-deficiencies-related-to-obesity-after-a-long-term-interdisciplinary-therapy
#12
Vanessa Fadanelli Schoenardie Poli, Ricardo Badan Sanches, Amanda Dos Santos Moraes, João Pedro Novo Fidalgo, Maythe Amaral Nascimento, Paula Bresciani, Stephan Garcia Andrade-Silva, Marcos Alberto Taddeo Cipullo, José Carlos Clemente, Danielle Arisa Caranti
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a long-term interdisciplinary lifestyle modification therapy on food intake, body composition, and anthropometric measurements of obese women. METHODS: Seventy obese women (age 41 ± 5.9 y) attended the interdisciplinary therapy, with nutrition, physical exercise, physiotherapy, and psychological support during the course of 1 y. Usual food intake was estimated by 3-d dietary record. Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry was performed to determine body fat and fat-free mass...
June 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508256/the-role-of-micronutrients-in-alopecia-areata-a-review
#13
REVIEW
Jordan M Thompson, Mehwish A Mirza, Min Kyung Park, Abrar A Qureshi, Eunyoung Cho
Alopecia areata (AA) is a common, non-scarring form of hair loss caused by immune-mediated attack of the hair follicle. As with other immune-mediated diseases, a complex interplay between environment and genetics is thought to lead to the development of AA. Deficiency of micronutrients such as vitamins and minerals may represent a modifiable risk factor associated with development of AA. Given the role of these micronutrients in normal hair follicle development and in immune cell function, a growing number of investigations have sought to determine whether serum levels of these nutrients might differ in AA patients, and whether supplementation of these nutrients might represent a therapeutic option for AA...
May 15, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507613/correlation-between-soil-transmitted-helminths-infection-and-serum-iron-level-among-primary-school-children-in-medan
#14
Nurfida K Arrasyid, Monica Nadya Sinambela, Zaimah Z Tala, Dewi Masyithah Darlan, Syah Mirsya Warli
BACKGROUND: The latest estimates indicate that more than 2 billion people worldwide are infected by Soil-Transmitted Helminths (STH). The burden of STH infection is mainly attributed to the chronic effect on health and quality of life of those infected. It is also contributed to micronutrient deficiencies such as iron-deficiency anaemia. The prevalence of worm infection in Public Primary School students in Medan was quite high (40.3%), and 33.3% was anaemic in the latest study. AIM: To determine the correlation between STH infection with serum iron (SI) level on primary school children, as well as to determine the prevalence of SI level and worm infection, and the type of worm that infects the most of them...
April 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499361/dietary-diversity-scores-an-indicator-of-micronutrient-inadequacy-instead-of-obesity-for-chinese-children
#15
Wenzhi Zhao, Kai Yu, Shengjie Tan, Yingdong Zheng, Ai Zhao, Peiyu Wang, Yumei Zhang
BACKGROUND: Micronutrient malnutrition affects the well-being of both adults and children. Dietary diversity score (DDS) is a useful evaluation index with a relatively well-developed guideline by FAO. It's meaningful to assess and predict inadequate micronutrient intakes using DDS in Chinese children, after ruling out the risk of obesity coming with more dietary diversity. METHODS: Data for evaluation were extracted from the Nutrition Study of Preschool Children and School Children, which is a cross-sectional study covering 8 cities of China, including 1694 children in kindergartens and primary schools...
May 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495662/the-development-validation-and-user-evaluation-of-foodbook24-a-web-based-dietary-assessment-tool-developed-for-the-irish-adult-population
#16
Claire M Timon, Richard J Blain, Breige McNulty, Laura Kehoe, Katie Evans, Janette Walton, Albert Flynn, Eileen R Gibney
BACKGROUND: The application of technology in the area of dietary assessment has resulted in the development of an array of tools, which are often specifically designed for a particular country or region. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the development, validation, and user evaluation of a Web-based dietary assessment tool "Foodbook24." METHODS: Foodbook24 is a Web-based, dietary assessment tool consisting of a 24-hour dietary recall (24HDR) and food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) alongside supplementary questionnaires...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495227/lab-scale-co-digestion-of-kitchen-waste-and-brown-water-for-a-preliminary-performance-evaluation-of-a-decentralized-waste-and-wastewater-management
#17
Maria Cristina Lavagnolo, Francesca Girotto, Osamu Hirata, Raffaello Cossu
An overall interaction is manifested between wastewater and solid waste management schemes. At the Laboratory of Environmental Engineering (LISA) of the University of Padova, Italy, the scientific and technical implications of putting into practice a decentralized waste and wastewater treatment based on the separation of grey water, brown water (BW - faecal matter) and yellow water (YW - urine) are currently undergoing investigation in the Aquanova Project. An additional aim of this concept is the source segregation of kitchen waste (KW) for subsequent anaerobic co-digestion with BW...
May 8, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490333/micronutrient-powders-to-combat-anemia-in-young-children-does-it-work
#18
Frank T Wieringa
In developing countries, anemia and iron deficiency in early childhood are two highly prevalent public health problems. Providing caregivers with a powder containing multiple vitamins and minerals (also known as micronutrient powder or MNP) as a food supplement is a widely used strategy to combat these problems. However, concerns exist around MNP programs with regards to effectiveness and potential negative impact on diarrheal disease prevalence and gut flora. Teshome et al. (BMC Medicine 15:89, 2017) recently tested a MNP with a new iron formulation, iron-EDTA, which has a potentially higher bioavailability and thus requires a lower iron content...
May 11, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485779/effects-of-vitamin-b12-on-postoperative-cognitive-dysfunction-induced-by-isoflurane-anesthesia-in-rats
#19
H-Y Sha, J-B Zhao, M-X Sha, S-M Guo
OBJECTIVE: Postoperative cognitive dysfunction is a clinical syndrome associated with cognitive decline in patients after anesthesia. This study aimed to investigate the effect of VB12 (Vitamin B12), a kind of necessary micronutrients promoting the growth and development of the nervous system, on cognitive dysfunction induced by isoflurane anesthesia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighteen-month-old rats were exposed to or were not exposed to 1.4% isoflurane for 2 h. Two hours before isoflurane exposure, rats in groups with VB12 were injected intramuscularly with VB12 at 10 or 20 μg...
April 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481642/micronutrient-therapy-for-violent-and-aggressive-male-youth-an-open-label-trial
#20
Jessica L Hambly, Kelly Francis, Sohil Khan, Kristen S Gibbons, William J Walsh, Brett Lambert, Chris Testa, Alison Haywood
OBJECTIVES: Pharmacotherapy for problematic aggressive and violent behavior disorders in male children and adolescents is associated with significant adverse events. Treatments with more acceptable risk-benefit ratios are critically needed. Micronutrient intervention will be investigated as an alternative to bridge the therapeutic gap in the management of these behaviors. METHODS: Males aged 4-14 who displayed ongoing violent and aggressive behaviors received micronutrient intervention containing alpha-tocopherol (vitamin E), ascorbic acid (vitamin C), biotin, chromium, pyridoxal-5-phosphate (P5P), pyridoxine (vitamins B6), selenium, and zinc, in a 16-week open-label trial...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
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