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micronutrient testing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438816/the-effect-of-tranexamic-acid-in-unilateral-and-bilateral-total-knee-arthroplasty-in-the-south-asian-population-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#1
Syed Hamza Mufarrih, Azeem Tariq Malik, Nada Qaisar Qureshi, Riaz Hussain Lakdawala, Umar Rabbani, Arif Ali, Shahryar Noordin
INTRODUCTION: Together with evidence of higher bleeding tendencies, the vulnerability of the South Asian population to anemia secondary to a higher prevalence of hemoglobinopathies and micronutrient deficiencies merits further exploration of the effects of tranexamic acid on this population. Additionally, limited access to self-care facilities and certain sociocultural beliefs and practices may not be conducive to a speedy recovery from surgical complications. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of intraoperative administration of tranexamic acid during total knee arthroplasty when considering the South Asian population...
February 10, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428785/micronutrient-supplementation-during-pregnancy-and-the-risk-of-pregnancy-induced-hypertension-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#2
Sen Chen, Nan Li, Zuguo Mei, Rongwei Ye, Zhiwen Li, Jianmeng Liu, Mary K Serdula
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Increasing evidence suggests that iron-containing multiple micronutrient may reduce the risk of pregnancy-induced hypertension including gestational hypertension or preeclampsia. We aimed to examine whether 30 mg iron plus folic acid or multiple micronutrients during pregnancy reduces the risk of pregnancy-induced hypertension. METHODS: We conducted a secondary data analysis by the dataset from a double-blind randomized controlled trial in China from 2006 to 2009 that was conducted to investigate the effects of multiple micronutrient supplements on adverse pregnancy outcomes when provided to pregnant women with no/mild anemia...
February 7, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423690/exposure-to-aged-crumb-rubber-reduces-survival-time-during-a-stress-test-in-earthworms-eisenia-fetida
#3
Sharon Pochron, Jacqueline Nikakis, Kyra Illuzzi, Andrea Baatz, Loriana Demirciyan, Amritjot Dhillon, Thomas Gaylor, Alexa Manganaro, Nicholas Maritato, Michael Moawad, Rajwinder Singh, Clara Tucker, Daniel Vaughan
Solid waste management struggles with the sustainable disposal of used tires. One solution involves shredding used tires into crumb rubber and using the material as infill for artificial turf. However, crumb rubber contains hydrocarbons, organic compounds, and heavy metals, and it travels into the environment. Earthworms living in soil contaminated with virgin crumb rubber gained 14% less body weight than did earthworms living in uncontaminated soil, but the impact of aged crumb rubber on the earthworms is unknown...
February 8, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29418003/in-vitro-evaluation-of-chitosan-copper-chelate-gels-as-a-multimicronutrient-feed-additive-for-cattle
#4
Ciara Duffy, E Dolores O' Riordan, Michael O' Sullivan, Jean-Christophe Jacquier
BACKGROUND: Effective micronutrient supplementation strategies are critical to ensure optimal health and productivity in livestock. The objective of this study was to develop a copper and vitamin (multimicronutrient) delivery system based on chitosan gel beads, and test its suitability, in vitro, for use as a cattle feed additive. RESULTS: Chitosan was chelated with copper sulphate to produce millimetre-scale gel matrices (~2mm). The copper content was significantly increased (from 61 to 95mg...
February 8, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415730/effect-of-nutrient-supplementation-on-the-acquisition-of-humoral-immunity-to-plasmodium-falciparum-in-young-malawian-children
#5
Priyanka Barua, Upeksha P Chandrasiri, James G Beeson, Kathryn G Dewey, Kenneth Maleta, Per Ashorn, Stephen J Rogerson
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that suggests that undernutrition has a detrimental effect on malarial immunity in children. The aim of the study was to discover whether nutrient supplementation improved development of malarial antibody immunity in children up to 18 months of age. METHODS: The study was conducted with a subset of 432 Malawian children from a randomized controlled trial of nutritional supplements. The arms included pre- and postnatal small-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplements for both mother and child; prenatal supplementation with iron and folic acid; and pre- and postnatal supplementation with multiple micronutrients...
February 7, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413007/malnutrition-in-gastrointestinal-disorders-detection-and-nutritional-assessment
#6
REVIEW
Khursheed N Jeejeebhoy, Donald R Duerksen
All patients with significant gastrointestinal disease should be clinically assessed for protein calorie malnutrition by using the Subjective Global Assessment. Blood tests for anemia, electrolytes, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, ferritin, vitamin B 12 , and folate should be considered for assessment of major micronutrients. Where malabsorption or inflammatory bowel disease is diagnosed, bone mineral density using dual beam x-ray absorptiometry, 25-OH vitamin D levels, and measurement of other vitamins and trace elements should be considered...
March 2018: Gastroenterology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399039/food-consumption-and-dietary-intakes-in-36-448-adults-and-their-association-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-nutrinet-sant%C3%A3-study
#7
Marion J Torres, Jean-Marc Sabate, Michel Bouchoucha, Camille Buscail, Serge Hercberg, Chantal Julia
Introduction: Diet plays an important role for patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The aim of this study was to compare the diets in terms of food consumption and nutrient intake between subjects with IBS and controls in a large French population. Methods: This study included 36,448 subjects from the Nutrinet-Santé cohort study, who completed a questionnaire pertaining to functional bowel disorders based on the Rome III criteria. Dietary data were obtained from at least three self-administered 24 h records via the internet...
2018: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395373/cross-sectional-associations-of-dietary-and-circulating-magnesium-with-skeletal-muscle-mass-in-the-epic-norfolk-cohort
#8
Richard P G Hayhoe, Marleen A H Lentjes, Angela A Mulligan, Robert N Luben, Kay-Tee Khaw, Ailsa A Welch
BACKGROUND: Maintenance of skeletal muscle in older age is critical to reducing frailty and the risk of falls and fractures. Nutrition has established importance for muscle health in general, but less research has looked at associations of dietary intake of specific micronutrients on skeletal muscle mass in older adults. AIMS: This study aimed to investigate the influence of dietary and circulating magnesium on skeletal muscle mass in a UK population of 14,340 middle to older-aged men and women participating in the EPIC-Norfolk cohort study...
January 30, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385050/sexual-dimorphism-in-the-selenocysteine-lyase-knockout-mouse
#9
Ashley N Ogawa-Wong, Ann C Hashimoto, Herena Ha, Matthew W Pitts, Lucia A Seale, Marla J Berry
Selenium (Se) is an essential micronutrient known for its antioxidant properties and health benefits, attributed to its presence in selenoproteins as the amino acid, selenocysteine. Selenocysteine lyase (Scly) catalyzes hydrolysis of selenocysteine to selenide and alanine, facilitating re-utilization of Se for de novo selenoprotein synthesis. Previously, it was reported that male Scly-/- mice develop increased body weight and body fat composition, and altered lipid and carbohydrate metabolism, compared to wild type mice...
January 31, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378046/a-10-food-group-dietary-diversity-score-outperforms-a-7-food-group-score-in-characterizing-seasonal-variability-and-micronutrient-adequacy-in-rural-zambian-children
#10
Bess L Caswell, Sameera A Talegawkar, Ward Siamusantu, Keith P West, Amanda C Palmer
Background: Dietary diversity scores and dichotomous indicators derived from them are widely used to assess dietary quality, and specific scoring methods have been recommended for women and 6- to 23-mo-old children. However, there is no specific score recommended for older children and the effect of seasonal dietary changes on score performance is not well documented. Objective: We assessed performance of 2 recommended dietary diversity scores as indicators of dietary quality over 3 seasons...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29365153/screening-for-low-mn-sensitive-arabidopsis-thaliana-mutants-identified-novel-alleles-of-nramp1-and-pgsip6
#11
Bian Bian, Sae Kageshima, Kenji Yano, Toru Fujiwara, Takehiro Kamiya
Manganese is an essential micronutrient; however, few genes required for growth under low-Mn conditions have been identified. In this study, we isolated Arabidopsis thaliana mutants sensitive to a low-Mn condition from ethyl methanesulfonate-mutagenized seeds. Among the mutants, we identified the causal genes of two mutants. One mutant (35-34) exhibited a short root phenotype and a low Mn concentration in shoots. The other mutant (30-11) exhibited a small shoot phenotype with Mn concentrations similar to the control...
January 20, 2018: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358603/status-and-determinants-of-intra-household-food-allocation-in-rural-nepal
#12
Helen A Harris-Fry, Puskar Paudel, Niva Shrestha, Tom Harrisson, B James Beard, Sonali Jha, Bhim P Shrestha, Dharma S Manandhar, Anthony M D L Costello, Mario Cortina-Borja, Naomi M Saville
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Understanding of the patterns and predictors of intra-household food allocation could enable nutrition programmes to better target nutritionally vulnerable individuals. This study aims to characterise the status and determinants of intra-household food and nutrient allocation in Nepal. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Pregnant women, their mothers-in-law and male household heads from Dhanusha and Mahottari districts in Nepal responded to 24-h dietary recalls, thrice repeated on non-consecutive days (n = 150 households; 1278 individual recalls)...
January 22, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329258/association-between-haem-and-non-haem-iron-intake-and-serum-ferritin-in-healthy-young-women
#13
Isabel Young, Helen M Parker, Anna Rangan, Tania Prvan, Rebecca L Cook, Cheyne E Donges, Kate S Steinbeck, Nicholas J O'Dwyer, Hoi Lun Cheng, Janet L Franklin, Helen T O'Connor
Iron is an essential micronutrient for human health and inadequate intake may result in iron deficiency (ID) or iron deficiency anaemia (IDA). Unlike other recent studies investigating iron status in young women, this cross-sectional study analysed dietary intake and biochemical data from healthy young (18-35 years) women ( n = 299) to determine the association between both haem iron (HI) and non-haem iron (NHI) intakes and serum ferritin (SF). Dietary restraint and possible inflammation secondary to obesity were also measured and accounted for, and energy intake was adjusted for using the residuals method...
January 12, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316855/the-role-of-noninvasive-cardiovascular-testing-applied-clinical-nutrition-and-nutritional-supplements-in-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-coronary-heart-disease
#14
Mark Houston
Numerous clinical trials suggest that we have reached a limit in our ability to decrease the incidence of coronary heart disease (CHD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) utilizing the traditional diagnostic evaluation, prevention and treatment strategies for the top five cardiovascular risk factors of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, obesity and smoking. About 80% of heart disease (heart attacks, angina, coronary heart disease and congestive heart failure) can be prevented by optimal nutrition, optimal exercise, optimal weight and body composition, mild alcohol intake and avoiding smoking...
January 1, 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Cardiovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313747/comparison-of-the-hei-and-hei-2010-diet-quality-measures-in-association-with-chronic-disease-risk-among-low-income-african-american-urban-youth-in-baltimore-maryland
#15
Margaret M Wrobleski, Elizabeth A Parker, Kristen M Hurley, Sarah Oberlander, Brian C Merry, Maureen M Black
OBJECTIVE: Overall diet patterns may be a better predictor of disease risk than specific nutrients or individual foods. The purpose of this study is to examine how overall diet patterns relate to nutritional intake, body composition, and physiological measures of chronic disease risk among low-income, urban African American adolescents. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were collected from two samples of African American adolescents (n = 317) from a low-income urban community, including dietary intake using the food frequency Youth/Adolescent Questionnaire and anthropometric measures...
January 9, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306154/wood-ash-residue-causes-a-mixture-of-growth-promotion-and-toxicity-in-lemna-minor
#16
Lucas S Jagodzinski, Marian T O'Donoghue, Liam B Heffernan, Frank N A M van Pelt, John O'Halloran, Marcel A K Jansen
The use of wood as a sustainable biofuel results in the generation of residual wood ash. The ash contains high amounts of plant macronutrients such as phosphorus, potassium, calcium as well as several micronutrients. To explore the potential use of wood ash as a fertiliser, the growth enhancing properties of Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis Bong.) wood ash were contrasted with the potential toxic action, using common duckweed (Lemna minor L.) as a model test species. The growth of L. minor exposed to wood bottom and fly ash solids and corresponding leachates was assessed in ultra-oligotrophic and eutrophic media...
January 3, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300423/effects-of-low-dose-dairy-protein-plus-micronutrient-supplementation-during-resistance-exercise-on-muscle-mass-and-physical-performance-in-older-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
S Seino, K Sumi, M Narita, Y Yokoyama, K Ashida, A Kitamura, S Shinkai
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether supplementation with low-dose dairy protein plus micronutrients augments the effects of resistance exercise (RE) on muscle mass and physical performance compared with RE alone among older adults. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Tokyo, Japan. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-two community-dwelling older adults (mean age, 73.5 years) were randomly allocated to an RE plus dairy protein and micronutrient supplementation group or an RE only group (n = 41 each)...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247416/%C3%AE-carotene-and-retinol-reduce-benzo-a-pyrene-induced-mutagenicity-and-oxidative-stress-via-transcriptional-modulation-of-xenobiotic-metabolizing-enzymes-in-human-hepg2-cell-line
#18
Wageh Sobhy Darwish, Yoshinori Ikenaka, Shouta Nakayama, Hazuki Mizukawa, Lesa A Thompson, Mayumi Ishizuka
Benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) is one of the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons which is formed due to smoking of foods, incomplete combustion of woods, vehicle exhausts, and cigarettes smokes. B[a]P gets entry into human and animal bodies mainly through their diets. Metabolic activation of B[a]P is required to induce mutagenesis and carcinogenesis in animal and human studies. Carotenoids and retinoids are phytochemicals that if ingested have multiple physiological interferences in the human and animal bodies. In this study, we firstly investigated the protective effects of β-carotene, β-apo-8-carotenal, retinol, and retinoic acid against B[a]P-induced mutagenicity and oxidative stress in human HepG2 cells...
December 15, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243938/iron-deficiency-affects-seizure-susceptibility-in-a-time-and-sex-specific-manner
#19
Michael Rudy, Margot Mayer-Proschel
Iron deficiency (ID) affects more than three billion people worldwide making it the most common micronutrient deficiency. ID is most prevalent during gestation and early life, which is of particular concern since its impact on the developing central nervous system is associated with an increased risk of a wide range of different psychiatric disorders later in life. The cause for this association is not known, but many of these same disorders are also associated with an imbalance between excitation and inhibition (E/I) within the brain...
November 2017: ASN Neuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227176/metabolomics-approach-in-the-study-of-the-well-defined-polyherbal-preparation-zyflamend
#20
Eric D Tague, Allen K Bourdon, Amber MacDonald, Maggie S Lookadoo, Edward D Kim, Wesley M White, Paul D Terry, Shawn R Campagna, Brynn H Voy, Jay Whelan
Zyflamend is a highly controlled blend of 10 herbal extracts that synergistically impact multiple cell signaling pathways with anticancer and anti-inflammatory properties. More recently, its effects were shown to also modify cellular energetics, for example, activation of fatty acid oxidation and inhibition of lipogenesis. However, its general metabolic effects in vivo have yet to be explored. The objective of this study was to characterize the tissue specific metabolomes in response to supplementation of Zyflamend in mice, with a comparison of equivalent metabolomics data generated in plasma from humans supplemented with Zyflamend...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
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