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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429340/controlled-prospective-observational-study-on-the-efficiency-and-tolerability-of-a-combination-of-potential-nrf2-inducing-antioxidants-and-micronutrients-as-pre-treatment-for-icsi-in-dyspermic-patients-with-previous-failure
#1
R Rago, M Gallo, A Dal Lago, E Licata, G Paciotti, M Amodei, C Meneghini, C Fabiani, G Dani, C Liberanome, D Antonaci, R Corno, D Miriello, G Giuffrida, B Giammusso
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficiency of pre-treatment in dyspermic males in IVF couples with a combination of micronutrients, for the purpose of improving the fertilization rate, the implantation rate and the outcome of the pregnancy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This controlled prospective clinical study was performed in two medically assisted reproduction centers. 59 males with mild oligo-astheno-teratospermia (OAT) were admitted to the study. All of them had a history of previous in vitro fertilization (IVF) attempts with female partners aged < 40 diagnosed having tubal or idiopathic infertility...
April 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425182/serum-ferritin-thresholds-for-the-diagnosis-of-iron-deficiency-in-pregnancy-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
J Daru, J Allotey, J P Peña-Rosas, K S Khan
The aim of this review was to understand the landscape of serum ferritin in diagnosing iron deficiency in the aetiology of anaemia in pregnancy. Iron deficiency in pregnancy is a major public health problem leading to the development of anaemia. Reducing the global prevalence of anaemia in women of reproductive age is a 2025 global nutrition target. Bone marrow aspiration is the gold standard test for iron deficiency but requires an invasive procedure; therefore, serum ferritin is the most clinically useful test...
April 20, 2017: Transfusion Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393440/effects-of-a-multifactorial-intervention-comprising-resistance-exercise-nutritional-and-psychosocial-programs-on-frailty-and-functional-health-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-randomized-controlled-cross-over-trial
#3
Satoshi Seino, Mariko Nishi, Hiroshi Murayama, Miki Narita, Yuri Yokoyama, Yu Nofuji, Yu Taniguchi, Hidenori Amano, Akihiko Kitamura, Shoji Shinkai
AIM: To examine the effects of a multifactorial intervention on frailty and functional health among community-dwelling older adults, a 6-month randomized, controlled, cross-over trial was carried out within the Hatoyama Cohort Study. METHODS: A total of 77 pre-frail or frail older adults (mean age 74.6 years) were randomly allocated to an immediate intervention group (IIG; n = 38) or delayed intervention group (DIG; n = 39). The IIG participated in a twice-weekly multifactorial intervention comprising resistance exercise, nutritional education and psychosocial programs...
April 10, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391491/effects-of-feedstock-sources-on-inoculant-acclimatization-start-up-strategies-and-reactor-performance
#4
Qian Yang, Liang-Huan Wei, Wei-Zun Li, Yu Chen, Mei-Ting Ju
Different inoculum sources and acclimatization methods result in different substrate adaptation and biodegradability. To increase straw degradation rate, shorten the digester start-up time, and enhance the biogas production, we domesticated anaerobic sludge by adding microcrystalline cellulose (MCC). During acclimatization, the start-up strategies and reactor performance were investigated to analyze changes in feedstock adaption, biodegradability, and methanogen activity. The effect of the domesticated inoculum was evaluated by testing batch un-pretreated corn stover with a dewatered sludge (DS)-domesticated inoculum as a control...
April 8, 2017: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389335/maternal-hypomagnesemia-alters-hippocampal-nmdar-subunit-expression-and-programs-anxiety-like-behaviour-in-adult-offspring
#5
R N Schlegel, J G Spiers, K M Moritz, C L Cullen, S T Björkman, T M Paravicini
It is well established that maternal undernutrition and micronutrient deficiencies can lead to altered development and behaviour in offspring. However, few studies have explored the implications of maternal Mg deficiency and programmed behavioural and neurological outcomes in offspring. We used a model of Mg deficiency (prior to and during pregnancy and lactation) in CD1 mice to investigate if maternal Mg deficiency programmed changes in behaviour and NMDAR subunit expression in offspring. Hippocampal tissue was collected at postnatal day 2 (PN2), PN8, PN21 and 6 months, and protein expression of NMDAR subunits GluN1, GluN2A and GluN2B was determined...
April 4, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381419/environmental-and-nutrition-impact-of-achieving-new-school-food-plan-recommendations-in-the-primary-school-meals-sector-in-england
#6
Kremlin Wickramasinghe, Mike Rayner, Michael Goldacre, Nick Townsend, Peter Scarborough
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this modelling study was to estimate the expected changes in the nutritional quality and greenhouse gas emissions (GHGEs) of primary school meals due to the adoption of new mandatory food-based standards for school meals. SETTING: Nationally representative random sample of 136 primary schools in England was selected for the Primary School Food Survey (PSFS) with 50% response rate. PARTICIPANTS: A sample of 6690 primary students from PSFS who consumed school meals...
April 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371705/impact-of-spreading-olive-mill-waste-water-on-agricultural-soils-for-leaching-of-metal-micronutrients-and-cations
#7
R Aharonov-Nadborny, L Tsechansky, M Raviv, E R Graber
Olive mill waste water (OMWW) is an acidic (pH 4-5), saline (EC ∼ 5-10 mS cm(-1)), blackish-red aqueous byproduct of the three phase olive oil production process, with a high chemical oxygen demand (COD) of up to 220,000 mg L(-1). OMWW is conventionally disposed of by uncontrolled dumping into the environment or by semi-controlled spreading on agricultural soils. It was hypothesized that spreading such liquids on agricultural soils could result in the release and mobilization of indigenous soil metals...
March 25, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327563/health-benefits-and-consequences-of-the-eastern-orthodox-fasting-in-monks-of-mount-athos-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
S N Karras, A Persynaki, A Petróczi, E Barkans, H Mulrooney, M Kypraiou, T Tzotzas, K Tziomalos, K Kotsa, A A Tsioudas, C Pichard, D P Naughton
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Greek Orthodox fasting (OF), which involves 180-200 days of fasting per year, is dictated by the Christian Orthodox religion. For the first time, this cross-sectional study examines the characteristics and the effects of OF on anthropometry, cardiometabolic markers and calcium homeostasis in Athonian monks (AMs). SUBJECTS/METHODS: Daily intakes of energy, macro- and micronutrients of a day during a weekend of Nativity Fast, defined as non-restrictive day (NRD), and a weekday during Great Lent, labeled as restrictive day (RD) were recorded...
March 22, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320597/racial-or-ethnic-and-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-adherence-to-national-dietary-guidance-in-a-large-cohort-of-us-pregnant-women
#9
Lisa M Bodnar, Hyagriv N Simhan, Corette B Parker, Heather Meier, Brian M Mercer, William A Grobman, David M Haas, Deborah A Wing, Matthew K Hoffman, Samuel Parry, Robert M Silver, George R Saade, Ronald Wapner, Jay D Iams, Pathik D Wadhwa, Michal Elovitz, Alan M Peaceman, Sean Esplin, Shannon Barnes, Uma M Reddy
BACKGROUND: The significance of periconceptional nutrition for optimizing offspring and maternal health and reducing social inequalities warrants greater understanding of diet quality among US women. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate racial or ethnic and education inequalities in periconceptional diet quality and sources of energy and micronutrients. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of data from the Nulliparous Pregnancy Outcomes Study: Monitoring Mothers-to-Be cohort...
March 14, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320484/nutritional-intervention-preconception-and-during-pregnancy-to-maintain-healthy-glucose-metabolism-and-offspring-health-nipper-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Keith M Godfrey, Wayne Cutfield, Shiao-Yng Chan, Philip N Baker, Yap-Seng Chong
BACKGROUND: Improved maternal nutrition and glycaemic control before and during pregnancy are thought to benefit the health of the mother, with consequent benefits for infant body composition and later obesity risk. Maternal insulin resistance and glycaemia around conception and in early pregnancy may be key determinants of maternal physiology and placental function, affecting fetal nutrient supply and maternal-feto-placental communications throughout gestation, with implications for later postnatal health...
March 20, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320080/interlaboratory-trial-for-the-measurement-of-total-cobalt-in-equine-urine-and-plasma-by-icp-ms
#11
Marie-Agnes Popot, Emmie N M Ho, Natali Stojiljkovic, Florian Bagilet, Pierre Remy, Pascal Maciejewski, Benoit Loup, George H M Chan, Sabine Hargrave, Rick M Arthur, Charlie Russo, James White, Pamela Hincks, Clive Pearce, George Ganio, Paul Zahra, David Batty, Mark Jarrett, Lydia Brooks, Lise-Anne Prescott, Ludovic Bailly-Chouriberry, Yves Bonnaire, Terence S M Wan
Cobalt is an essential mineral micronutrient and is regularly present in equine nutritional and feed supplements. Therefore, cobalt is naturally present at low concentrations in biological samples. The administration of cobalt chloride is considered to be blood doping and is thus prohibited. In order to control the misuse of cobalt, it was mandatory to establish an international threshold for cobalt in plasma and/or in urine. To achieve this goal an international collaboration, consisting of an interlaboratory comparison, between 5 laboratories for the urine study and 8 laboratories for the plasma study has been undertaken...
March 20, 2017: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303504/do-bariatric-patients-follow-dietary-and-lifestyle-recommendations-during-the-first-postoperative-year
#12
Shiri Sherf Dagan, Andrei Keidar, Asnat Raziel, Nasser Sakran, David Goitein, Oren Shibolet, Shira Zelber-Sagi
BACKGROUND: Data on adherence to postoperative lifestyle recommendations by bariatric patients are scarce. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate adherence to selected recommendations during the first year following laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) surgery. METHODS: A prospective cohort study with 12 months of follow-up on 100 LSG patients was conducted. Data were collected at baseline and at 3 (M3), 6 (M6), and 12 (M12) months post-surgery and included anthropometrics, biochemical tests, food intake, food tolerance, common surgery-related side effects, physical activity (PA), supplementation, and number of follow-up meetings with a dietitian...
March 16, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298278/pediatric-celiac-disease-follow-up-in-the-spotlight
#13
REVIEW
Francesco Valitutti, Chiara Maria Trovato, Monica Montuori, Salvatore Cucchiara
The follow-up of celiac disease (CD) is challenging due to the scarcity of published data and the lack of standardized evidence-based protocols. The worldwide frequency and methods of CD follow-up appear to be heavily influenced by expert opinions of the individual physicians who assess children with CD. The aim of this review was to summarize the available studies on CD follow-up in children. We conducted a literature search with the use of PubMed, Medline, and Embase (from 1900 to 15 December 2016) for terms relevant to this review, including CD, follow-up, dietary adherence or dietary compliance, nutrition, comorbidities, complications, and quality of life...
March 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275125/lipid-based-nutrient-supplementation-in-the-first-1000-d-improves-child-growth-in-bangladesh-a-cluster-randomized-effectiveness-trial
#14
Kathryn G Dewey, Malay K Mridha, Susana L Matias, Charles D Arnold, Joseph R Cummins, Md Showkat Ali Khan, Zeina Maalouf-Manasseh, Zakia Siddiqui, Md Barkat Ullah, Stephen A Vosti
Background: Stunting in linear growth occurs mainly during the first 1000 d, from conception through 24 mo of age. Despite the recognition of this critical period, there have been few evaluations of the growth impact of interventions that cover most of this window.Objective: We evaluated home fortification approaches for preventing maternal and child undernutrition within a community-based health program. We hypothesized that small-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNSs) provided to women during pregnancy and the first 6 mo postpartum, LNSs provided to their offspring from 6 to 24 mo of age, or both would result in greater child length-for-age z score (LAZ) at 24 mo than iron and folic acid (IFA) provided to women during pregnancy and postpartum plus micronutrient powder (MNP) or no supplementation for their offspring from 6 to 24 mo...
March 8, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273871/the-association-between-dietary-quality-and-dietary-guideline-adherence-with-mental-health-outcomes-in-adults-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#15
Amy P Meegan, Ivan J Perry, Catherine M Phillips
The prevalence of adverse mental health outcomes in adults is increasing. Although beneficial effects of selected micronutrients and foods on mental health have been reported, they do not reflect the impact of the habitual diet on mental health. Therefore, our objective is to examine potential associations between dietary quality, dietary composition and compliance with food pyramid recommendations with depressive symptoms, anxiety and well-being (assessed using CES-D, HADS-A and WHO-5 screening tools) in a cross-sectional sample of 2047 middle-aged adults...
March 5, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265366/micronutrient-composition-and-acceptability-of-moringa-oleifera-leaf-fortified-dishes-by-children-in-ada-east-district-ghana
#16
Mary Glover-Amengor, Richmond Aryeetey, Edwin Afari, Alexander Nyarko
Moringa oleifera (M. oleifera), a green leafy vegetable, is a good source of minerals and vitamins which could be consumed as part of diet to improve human health and well-being. Drying M. oleifera leaves could make it readily available for use as a food fortificant. The objectives of the study were to determine micromineral and β -carotene content of dried M. oleifera leaves, and leaf-incorporated local dishes, and also assess school children's (4-12 yr) acceptability of dried M. oleifera leaf-incorporated local dishes and feasibility of introducing dried leaves into a school lunch menu...
March 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257107/micronutrient-fortified%C3%A2-milk%C3%A2-and%C3%A2-academic%C3%A2-performance%C3%A2-among%C3%A2-chinese%C3%A2-middle%C3%A2-school%C3%A2-students-%C3%A2-a%C3%A2-cluster-randomized%C3%A2-controlled%C3%A2-trial
#17
Xiaoqin Wang, Zhaozhao Hui, Xiaoling Dai, Paul D Terry, Yue Zhang, Mei Ma, Mingxu Wang, Fu Deng, Wei Gu, Shuangyan Lei, Ling Li, Mingyue Ma, Bin Zhang
Many children suffer from nutritional deficiencies that may negatively affect their academic performance. This cluster-randomized controlled trial aimed to test the effects of micronutrient-fortified milk in Chinese students. Participants received either micronutrient-fortified (n = 177) or unfortified (n = 183) milk for six months. Academic performance, motivation, and learning strategies were estimated by end-of-term tests and the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire. Blood samples were analyzed for micronutrients...
March 2, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251719/high-altitude-agriculture-in-the-titicaca-basin-800-bce-200-ce-impacts-on-nutrition-and-disease-load
#18
Sara L Juengst, Dale L Hutchinson, Sergio J Chávez
OBJECTIVES: This study investigates the biological impacts of sedentism and agriculture on humans living in the high altitude landscape of the Titicaca Basin between 800 BCE and CE 200. The transition to agriculture in other global areas resulted in increases in disease and malnutrition; the high altitude of the Titicaca Basin could have exacerbated this. Our objective is to test whether the high altitude of the Titicaca Basin created a marginal environment for early agriculturalists living there, reflected through elevated rates of malnutrition and/or disease...
March 2, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245227/delivery-of-iron-fortified-yoghurt-through-a-dairy-value-chain-program-increases-hemoglobin-concentration-among-children-24-to-59-months-old-in-northern-senegal-a-cluster-randomized-control-trial
#19
Agnes Le Port, Tanguy Bernard, Melissa Hidrobo, Ousmane Birba, Rahul Rawat, Marie T Ruel
BACKGROUND: Innovative strategies are needed to enhance the nutritional impact of agriculture. Value chain approaches, which use supply chains to add value (usually economic) to products as they move from producers to consumers, can be used to increase access to nutritious foods and improve nutritional status. This study tested whether a dairy value chain could be used to distribute a micronutrient-fortified yoghurt (MNFY) (conditional upon the producer supplying a minimum amount of cow milk/day) to improve hemoglobin and reduce anemia among preschool children in a remote area in Northern Senegal...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231179/how-can-diet-affect-the-accumulation-of-advanced-glycation-end-products-in-the-human-body
#20
REVIEW
Axel Guilbaud, Celine Niquet-Leridon, Eric Boulanger, Frederic J Tessier
The accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) is associated with the complications of diabetes, kidney disease, metabolic disorders and degenerative diseases. It is recognized that the pool of glycation products found in the human body comes not only from an endogenous formation, but also from a dietary exposure to exogenous AGEs. In recent years, the development of pharmacologically-active ingredients aimed at inhibiting endogenous glycation has not been successful. Since the accumulation of AGEs in the human body appears to be progressive throughout life, an early preventive action against glycation could be effective through dietary adjustments or supplementation with purified micronutrients...
December 6, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
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