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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027975/dietary-supplement-use-during-preconception-the-australian-longitudinal-study-on-women-s-health
#1
Elle McKenna, Alexis Hure, Anthony Perkins, Ellie Gresham
Worldwide, dietary supplement use among reproductive aged women is becoming increasingly common. The aim of this study was to investigate dietary supplement use among Australian women during preconception. Self-reported data were collected prospectively for the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health (ALSWH). The sample included 485 women aged 31-36 years, with supplement data, classified as preconception when completing Survey 5 of the ALSWH in 2009. Frequency and contingency tables were calculated and Pearson's chi-square test for associations between demographic variables and supplementation status was performed...
October 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025632/modifiers-of-the-effect-of-maternal-multiple-micronutrient-supplementation-on-stillbirth-birth-outcomes-and-infant-mortality-a-meta-analysis-of-individual-patient-data-from-17-randomised-trials-in-low-income-and-middle-income-countries
#2
Emily R Smith, Anuraj H Shankar, Lee S-F Wu, Said Aboud, Seth Adu-Afarwuah, Hasmot Ali, Rina Agustina, Shams Arifeen, Per Ashorn, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Parul Christian, Delanjathan Devakumar, Kathryn G Dewey, Henrik Friis, Exnevia Gomo, Piyush Gupta, Pernille Kæstel, Patrick Kolsteren, Hermann Lanou, Kenneth Maleta, Aissa Mamadoultaibou, Gernard Msamanga, David Osrin, Lars-Åke Persson, Usha Ramakrishnan, Juan A Rivera, Arjumand Rizvi, H P S Sachdev, Willy Urassa, Keith P West, Noel Zagre, Lingxia Zeng, Zhonghai Zhu, Wafaie W Fawzi, Christopher R Sudfeld
BACKGROUND: Micronutrient deficiencies are common among women in low-income and middle-income countries. Data from randomised trials suggest that maternal multiple micronutrient supplementation decreases the risk of low birthweight and potentially improves other infant health outcomes. However, heterogeneity across studies suggests influence from effect modifiers. We aimed to identify individual-level modifiers of the effect of multiple micronutrient supplements on stillbirth, birth outcomes, and infant mortality in low-income and middle-income countries...
November 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022999/effects-of-selenium-application-on-plant-growth-and-some-quality-parameters-in-peanut-arachis-hypogaea
#3
Seyyid Irmak
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Selenium (Se) is an essential plant micronutrient and has been repetedly shown to enhance crop growth and crop tolerance to abiotic stresses when applied in trace amounts. However, physiological responses of different plants vary significantly to the Se fertilizer application. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Se application on yield and quality parameters of peanut under field conditions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A pot experiment was conducted where Se fertilizer was applied (i) To soil at 5 different doses, (ii) As folier fertilizer or (iii) Via seed soaking at 4 different doses...
2017: Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences: PJBS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990670/measuring-consumers-interest-in-instant-fortified-pearl-millet-products-a-field-experiment-in-touba-senegal
#4
Hugo De Groote, Sarah W Kariuki, Djibril Traore, John R N Taylor, Mario Ferruzzi, Bruce R Hamaker
BACKGROUND: In Africa, food-processing industries are emerging fast, especially for cereals. New low-cost extrusion cookers give small enterprises an opportunity to enter the market for processed cereal products, in particular instant, fortified and flavored mixes. Before engaging in the marketing of these products, consumers' interest needs to be assessed. This study used a combination of affective tests and experimental auctions with 200 consumers in Touba, Senegal to evaluate four new products with conventional pearl millet flour as the control: instant pearl millet flour, instant pearl millet flour with added dry mango and carrot powder (naturally fortified), and the previous products with added conventional chemical micronutrient fortificants...
October 9, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988951/-relationship-between-macronutrient-and-micronutrient-intake-and-nutritional-status-of-active-older-adults-in-chill%C3%A3-n-chile
#5
Verónica Barrón, Alejandra Rodríguez, Ivonne Cuadra, Carolina Flores, Paulina Sandoval
INTRODUCTION: Social participation by older adults is a health-protective element that promotes a normal nutritional status through the intake of appropriate nutrients that favour successful aging. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional analytical study was performed on a sample of 118 older adults. Food intake was measured using a 24-h recall questionnaire. The body mass index was used to evaluate the nutritional status. The information was analysed using uni- and bivariate descriptive statistics...
October 5, 2017: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985688/diagnosis-and-management-of-pancreatic-exocrine-insufficiency-pei-in-primary-care-consensus-guidance-of-a-canadian-expert-panel
#6
P Durie, J-D Baillargeon, S Bouchard, F Donnellan, S Zepeda-Gomez, C Teshima
Pancreatic exocrine insufficiency (PEI) results in maldigestion due to inadequate activity of pancreatic enzymes in the small bowel. PEI can arise from a variety of medical conditions that reduce enzyme synthesis within the pancreatic parenchyma or from secondary factors that may occur despite optimal parenchymal function, such as pancreatic duct obstruction or reduced or poorly synchronized enzyme release. The most characteristic symptom of PEI is steatorrhea - voluminous, lipid-rich stools; other common signs and symptoms include unexplained weight loss and deficiencies of fat-soluble vitamins and other micronutrients...
October 6, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978232/retail-sugar-from-one-zambian-community-does-not-meet-statutory-requirements-for-vitamin-a-fortification
#7
Matthew D Greene, Gladys Kabaghe, Mofu Musonda, Amanda C Palmer
BACKGROUND: Industrial food fortification is a major strategy to improve dietary micronutrient intakes and prevent deficiencies. Zambia introduced mandatory sugar fortification with vitamin A, at a target of 10 mg/kg, in 1998. Representative surveys conducted since that time do not support marked improvement in vitamin A status. OBJECTIVE: To describe vitamin A concentrations in retail sugar, as well as vendor practices, perceptions of fortified foods, and sugar use practices...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971097/acceptability-of-iron-and-zinc-biofortified-pearl-millet-ictp-8203-based-complementary-foods-among-children-in-an-urban-slum-of-mumbai-india
#8
Samantha Lee Huey, Sudha Venkatramanan, Shobha A Udipi, Julia Leigh Finkelstein, Padmini Ghugre, Jere Douglas Haas, Varsha Thakker, Aparna Thorat, Ashwini Salvi, Anura V Kurpad, Saurabh Mehta
Biofortification, a method for increasing micronutrient content of staple crops, is a promising strategy for combating major global health problems, such as iron and zinc deficiency. We examined the acceptability of recipes prepared using iron- and zinc-biofortified pearl millet (FeZnPM) (~80 ppm Fe, ~34 ppm Zn, varietal ICTP-8203), compared to conventional pearl millet (CPM) (~20 ppm Fe, ~19 ppm Zn) in preparation for an efficacy trial. Our objective was to examine the acceptability of FeZnPM compared to CPM among young children and mothers living in the urban slums of Mumbai...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969711/fatty-fish-intake-and-attention-performance-in-14-15%C3%A2-year-old-adolescents-fins-teens-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Katina Handeland, Jannike Øyen, Siv Skotheim, Ingvild E Graff, Valborg Baste, Marian Kjellevold, Livar Frøyland, Øyvind Lie, Lisbeth Dahl, Kjell M Stormark
BACKGROUND: Fatty fish is the dominant dietary source of n-3 LCPUFAs but it also contains other micronutrients considered important for brain development and function. To our knowledge, the effect of fatty fish intake on cognitive function in adolescents has not been investigated in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) previously. The aim of the present trial was to investigate whether consumption of fatty fish meals three times per week for 12 weeks could alter attention performance in adolescents compared to similar meals with meat or n-3 LCPUFA supplements...
October 2, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955080/burden-of-zinc-zn-deficiency-a-high-volume-clinical-laboratory-data-analysis
#10
Hafsa Majid, Shabnum Khawaja, Aysha Habib Khan, Imran Siddqui, Farooq Ghani, Lena Jafri
A cross-sectional survey was done at the Section of Chemical Pathology, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, AKUH, Karachi, to determine frequency of Zn deficiency, the second major micronutrient deficiency in developing countries, in subjects coming for investigations. Data of plasma Zn, from Jan 2013 to Dec 2014 was analyzed and deficiency was labeled at <65ug/dl. Total 469 subjects were tested for plasma Zn levels over the period of 24 months and complete information was available for 422 subjects, included in final analysis...
October 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950025/foliar-zinc-biofortification-effects-in-lolium-rigidum-and-trifolium-subterraneum-grown-in-cadmium-contaminated-soil
#11
Maria J Poblaciones, Paul Damon, Zed Rengel
Zinc (Zn) is an important micronutrient that can alleviate cadmium (Cd) toxicity to plants and limit Cd entry into the food chain. However, little is known about the Zn-Cd interactions in pasture plants. We characterized the effects of foliar Zn application and Cd uptake by ryegrass (Lolium rigidum L.) and clover (Trifolium subterraneum L.) grown on Cd-contaminated soils; all combinations of foliar Zn applications (0, 0.25 and 0.5% (w/v) ZnSO4·7H2O) and soil Cd concentrations (0, 2.5 and 5 mg Cd kg-1) were tested...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925036/combining-food-based-dietary-recommendations-using-optifood-with-zinc-fortified-water-potentially-improves-nutrient-adequacy-among-4-to-6-year-old-children-in-kisumu-west-district-kenya
#12
Prosper Kujinga, Karin J Borgonjen-van den Berg, Cecilia Superchi, Hermine J Ten Hove, Elizabeth Opiyo Onyango, Pauline Andang'o, Valeria Galetti, Michael B Zimmerman, Diego Moretti, Inge D Brouwer
Children in developing countries often face multiple micronutrient deficiencies. Introduction of zinc-fortified water can increase zinc intake, but additional recommendations are required to address overall diet nutrient adequacy. We developed and tested food-based recommendations (FBRs) that included zinc-fortified water for children aged between 4 and 6 years from rural Kenya to achieve the best possible nutrient adequacy. Dietary intakes of 60 children aged 4-6 years, from Kisumu West district, Kenya, were assessed using a quantitative multipass 24-hr recall...
September 19, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911802/transient-gestational-exposure-to-drinking-water-containing-excess-hexavalent-chromium-modifies-insulin-signaling-in-liver-and-skeletal-muscle-of-rat-progeny
#13
Navaneethabalakrishnan Shobana, Mariajoseph Michael Aruldhas, Lalmuankimi Tochhawng, Ayyalu Loganathan, Sadhasivam Balaji, Mani Kathiresh Kumar, Liaquat Alikhan Sheerin Banu, Ajit Kumar Navin, Chinnaiyan Mayilvanan, Ramachandran Ilangovan, Karundevi Balasubramanian
Chromium (Cr), an essential micronutrient potentiates insulin action, whereas excess hexavalent Cr (CrVI) acts as an endocrine disruptor. Pregnant mothers living in areas abutting industries using the metal and chromite ore dumps are exposed to ground water contaminated with Cr. Nevertheless, the impact of prenatal exposure to excess CrVI on insulin signaling in the progeny remains obscure. We tested the hypothesis "transient gestational exposure to drinking water containing excess CrVI may modify insulin signaling during postnatal life"...
September 11, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895680/optimising-preconception-health-in-women-of-reproductive-age
#14
Adina Y Lang, Jacqueline A Boyle, Grace Fitzgerald, Helena Teede, Danielle Mazza, Lisa J Moran, Cheryce Harrison
There is a growing realisation that efforts to optimise the health of women and reduce the risk of adverse maternal, perinatal and neonatal outcomes during pregnancy should commence in the preconception period. The preconception period (prior to or between pregnancies) provides an opportune time to address reproductive intentions and promote and support wellbeing and healthy behaviour change regardless of pregnancy intention. Research over the last 30 years has explored the influence of a range of preconception risk factors and determinants of health on pregnancy and maternal and neonatal outcomes including: pregnancy planning, diet and micronutrient supplementation, physical activity, weight, smoking, recreational drug and alcohol use, mental health, oral hygiene, and chronic health and medical conditions...
September 12, 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891932/inadequate-vitamin-c-status-in-prediabetes-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-associations-with-glycaemic-control-obesity-and-smoking
#15
Renée Wilson, Jinny Willis, Richard Gearry, Paula Skidmore, Elizabeth Fleming, Chris Frampton, Anitra Carr
Vitamin C (ascorbate) is an essential micronutrient in humans, being required for a number of important biological functions via acting as an enzymatic cofactor and reducing agent. There is some evidence to suggest that people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have lower plasma vitamin C concentrations compared to those with normal glucose tolerance (NGT). The aim of this study was to investigate plasma vitamin C concentrations across the glycaemic spectrum and to explore correlations with indices of metabolic health...
September 9, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888461/a-high-fat-high-sucrose-diet-enriched-in-blue-mussels-protects-against-systemic-inflammation-metabolic-dysregulation-and-weight-gain-in-c57bl-6-mice
#16
Hitesh B Vaidya, Surendiran Gangadaran, Sukhinder K Cheema
High fat-high sucrose (HF-HS) diet, known as the western diet, has been shown to induce the onset of obesity via increasing metabolic inflammation, insulin resistance and adipose tissue dysfunction. Hyperleptinemia, hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia are also the primary observations of obesogenic diet induced obesity. We have previously reported anti-adipogenic and insulin sensitizing effects of blue mussels (BM) using 3T3-L1 cells. BM is a rich source of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, phytosterols and other micronutrients that has been shown to elicit benefits under obese conditions using in-vitro cell culture models...
October 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887030/association-of-picky-eating-with-weight-status-and-dietary-quality-among-low-income-preschoolers
#17
Callie L Brown, Eliana M Perrin, Karen E Peterson, Holly E Brophy Herb, Mildred A Horodynski, Dawn Contreras, Alison L Miller, Danielle P Appugliese, Sarah C Ball, Julie C Lumeng
BACKGROUND: Picky eating is common in children. Few studies have examined predictors of picky eating, and the association of picky eating with weight status and dietary quality is inconsistent in prior literature. We aimed to identify predictors of picky eating and to test the association of picky eating with child body mass index z-score (BMIz), dietary quality, and micronutrient intake. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from a randomized controlled trial to prevent obesity among 506 preschoolers attending Head Start...
September 5, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882910/crossover-trial-to-test-the-acceptability-of-a-locally-produced-lipid-based-nutrient-supplement-lns-for-children-under-2-years-in-cambodia-a-study-protocol
#18
Bindi Borg, Seema Mihrshahi, Mark Griffin, Chhoun Chamnan, Arnaud Laillou, Frank T Wieringa
INTRODUCTION: The acceptability and efficacy of existing ready-to-use supplementary and therapeutic foods has been low in Cambodia, thus limiting success in preventing and treating malnutrition among Cambodian children. In that context, UNICEF and IRD have developed a locally produced, multiple micronutrient fortified lipid-based nutrient supplement. This food is innovative, in that it uses fish instead of milk as the animal source food. Very few supplementary foods have non-milk animal source foods, and in addition they have not been widely tested...
September 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878035/a-simplified-regimen-compared-with-who-guidelines-decreases-antenatal-calcium-supplement-intake-for-prevention-of-preeclampsia-in-a-cluster-randomized-noninferiority-trial-in-rural-kenya
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Moshood O Omotayo, Katherine L Dickin, David L Pelletier, Erick O Mwanga, Jacqueline K Kung'u, Rebecca J Stoltzfus
Background: To prevent preeclampsia, the WHO recommends antenatal calcium supplementation in populations with inadequate habitual intake. The WHO recommends 1500-2000 mg Ca/d with iron-folic acid (IFA) taken separately, a complex pill-taking regimen. Objective: The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that simpler regimens with lower daily dosages would lead to higher adherence and similar supplement intake.Methods: In the Micronutrient Initiative Calcium Supplementation study, we compared the mean daily supplement intake associated with 2 dosing regimens with the use of a parallel, cluster-randomized noninferiority trial implemented in 16 primary health care facilities in rural Kenya...
October 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867595/mitochondrial-ferredoxin-determines-vulnerability-of-cells-to-copper-excess
#20
Cindy Vallières, Sara L Holland, Simon V Avery
The essential micronutrient copper is tightly regulated in organisms, as environmental exposure or homeostasis defects can cause toxicity and neurodegenerative disease. The principal target(s) of copper toxicity have not been pinpointed, but one key effect is impaired supply of iron-sulfur (FeS) clusters to the essential protein Rli1 (ABCE1). Here, to find upstream FeS biosynthesis/delivery protein(s) responsible for this, we compared copper sensitivity of yeast-overexpressing candidate targets. Overexpression of the mitochondrial ferredoxin Yah1 produced copper hyper-resistance...
August 24, 2017: Cell Chemical Biology
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