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micronutrient testing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894337/intestinal-dysbiosis-is-common-in-systemic-sclerosis-and-associated-with-gastrointestinal-and-extraintestinal-features-of-disease
#1
Kristofer Andréasson, Zaid Alrawi, Anita Persson, Göran Jönsson, Jan Marsal
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence suggests a link between autoimmunity and the intestinal microbial composition in several rheumatic diseases including systemic sclerosis (SSc). The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of intestinal dysbiosis in SSc and to characterise patients suffering from this potentially immunomodulatory deviation. METHODS: This study consisted of 98 consecutive patients subject to in-hospital care. Stool samples were analysed for intestinal microbiota composition using a validated genome-based microbiota test (GA-map™ Dysbiosis Test, Genetic Analysis, Oslo, Norway)...
November 29, 2016: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849269/adherence-to-multiple-micronutrient-powders-and-associated-factors-in-children-aged-6-to-35-months-treated-in-sentinel-health-facilities-ministry-of-health-of-peru
#2
Oscar Munares-García, Guillermo Gómez-Guizado
Introduction: Anemia in children is a public health issue, and the current strategies include treatment and iron supplementation, but their level of adherence or compliance is unknown. Objective: To consider the adherence to multiple micronutrient powders and the associated factors. Methods: Epidemiological study of active surveillance through sentinel facilities in 2,024 children aged 6 to 35 months treated in health facilities of the Ministry of Health of Peru, from October to December 2014...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832646/the-impact-of-a-standardized-oral-multinutrient-supplementation-on-embryo-quality-in-in-vitro-fertilization-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection-a-prospective-randomized-trial
#3
Kazem Nouri, Katharina Walch, Andrea Weghofer, Martin Imhof, Christian Egarter, Johannes Ott
The role of micronutrients in fertility has recently gained increased attention. We aimed to test the impact of a standardized, multinutrient supplementation on outcomes after in vitro fertilization (IVF)/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) in a pilot study. One hundred women undergoing IVF/ICSI were prospectively included and randomized to receive either a multinutrient supplementation named PROfertil® female that included folic acid, selenium, vitamin E, catechins, glycyrrhizin, diosgenin, damiana and omega-3-fatty acids (study group; n = 50), or 400 µg folic acid (control group; n = 50)...
November 11, 2016: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807040/a-combined-intervention-of-zinc-multiple-micronutrients-and-albendazole-does-not-ameliorate-environmental-enteric-dysfunction-or-stunting-in-rural-malawian-children-in-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Alfred Z Wang, Robert J Shulman, Audrey H Crocker, Chrissie Thakwalakwa, Kenneth M Maleta, Sridevi Devaraj, Mark J Manary, Indi Trehan
BACKGROUND: Environmental enteric dysfunction (EED) and linear growth stunting affect many rural agrarian children in the developing world and contribute to the persistently high rates of stunting that are observed worldwide. Effective interventions to consistently ameliorate EED are lacking. OBJECTIVE: We tested whether a bundle of safe and affordable interventions would decrease EED and stunting over 12-24 wk in a cohort of rural Malawian children 12-35 mo old...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801985/global-regulatory-framework-for-production-and-marketing-of-crops-biofortified-with-vitamins-and-minerals
#5
Luis A Mejia, Omar Dary, Hala Boukerdenna
Biofortification of crops is being introduced in several countries as a strategy to reduce micronutrient deficiencies. Biofortified products, with increased contents of micronutrients, are currently produced by conventional plant breeding, genetic modification, or nutrient-enhanced fertilization. Corn, rice, wheat, beans, pearl millet, sweet potato, and cassava have been biofortified with increased contents of provitamin A carotenoids, iron, or zinc. However, regulatory considerations are rare or nonexistent...
November 1, 2016: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788773/maternal-choline-supplementation-in-a-sheep-model-of-first-trimester-binge-alcohol-fails-to-protect-against-brain-volume-reductions-in-peripubertal-lambs
#6
Sharla M Birch, Mark W Lenox, Joe N Kornegay, Beatriz Paniagua, Martin A Styner, Charles R Goodlett, Tim A Cudd, Shannon E Washburn
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is a leading potentially preventable birth defect. Poor nutrition may contribute to adverse developmental outcomes of prenatal alcohol exposure, and supplementation of essential micronutrients such as choline has shown benefit in rodent models. The sheep model of first-trimester binge alcohol exposure was used in this study to model the dose of maternal choline supplementation used in an ongoing prospective clinical trial involving pregnancies at risk for FASD. Primary outcome measures including volumetrics of the whole brain, cerebellum, and pituitary derived from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in 6-month-old lambs, testing the hypothesis that alcohol-exposed lambs would have brain volume reductions that would be ameliorated by maternal choline supplementation...
September 2016: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765492/optimization-of-micronutrient-supplement-for-enhancing-biogas-production-from-food-waste-in-two-phase-thermophilic-anaerobic-digestion
#7
Ajay Menon, Jing-Yuan Wang, Apostolos Giannis
The aim of this study was to enhance the biogas productivity of two-phase thermophilic anaerobic digestion (AD) using food waste (FW) as the primary substrate. The influence of adding four trace metals (Ca, Mg, Co, and Ni) as micronutrient supplement in the methanogenic phase of the thermophilic system was investigated. Initially, Response Surface Methodology (RSM) was applied to determine the optimal concentration of micronutrients in batch experiments. The results showed that optimal concentrations of 303, 777, 7 and 3mg/L of Ca, Mg, Co and Ni, respectively, increased the biogas productivity as much as 50% and significantly reduced the processing time...
October 17, 2016: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759339/vitamin-d-a-critical-micronutrient-for-vascular-health-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#8
Aashish Kumar Sharma, R P Agrawal, J K Sharma, Ritvik Agrawal, Surendra Kumar, Kunal Thackar, Kailash Chandra Saini
OBJECTIVE: Vitamin D deficiency may be responsible for endothelial dysfunction which in turn affects the onset and progression of vascular disease including coronary artery disease and its risk factor, directly or indirectly through various mechanisms. This study was undertaken to find out association between vitamin D and endothelial dilatation of brachial artery, which may help to suggest possible underlying mechanisms and may be of clinical importance in planning preventive and therapeutic strategies...
July 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752262/effect-of-myoinositol-and-antioxidants-on-sperm-quality-in-men-with-metabolic-syndrome
#9
Mario Montanino Oliva, Elisa Minutolo, Assunta Lippa, Paola Iaconianni, Alberto Vaiarelli
This prospective longitudinal study investigated the effects of a dietary supplement in patients affected by reduced sperm motility (asthenospermic males) with metabolic syndrome. The product tested was Andrositol®, which contains myoinositol (MI) as principal compound, in association with other molecules, and the parameters evaluated were semen characteristics as well as hormone and metabolic profiles. The inclusion criteria were subjects aged over 18 years, with asthenospermia and metabolic syndrome. The exclusion criteria were presence of cryptorchidism, varicocele, and prostatitis...
2016: International Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732680/are-parents-of-preschool-children-inclined-to-give-consent-for-participation-in-nutritional-clinical-trials
#10
Somashekhar Marutirao Nimbalkar, Dipen Vasudev Patel, Ajay Gajanan Phatak
OBJECTIVE: Micronutrient deficiencies can lead to anemia, growth restriction, and poor motor and cognitive development. A clinical trial was planned to assess the impact of nutritional supplementation on cognitive measures in preschool children. Conducting clinical trials in children is difficult due to underlying laws, hesitation of the research community, and difficult enrollment. We carried out a questionnaire-based feasibility survey to assess the interest of parents towards participation in such a nutrition-based study...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729404/laboratory-monitoring-of-children-on-home-parenteral-nutrition-a-prospective-study
#11
Amber Smith, Mary Beth Feuling, Catherine Larson-Nath, Catherine Karls, Megan Van Hoorn, Cassandra L S Walia, Carly Leon, Elaine Danner, Pam Opichka, Lori Duesing, Alfonso Martinez, Praveen S Goday
BACKGROUND: The primary hypothesis of this article is that a team approach in creating a protocolized laboratory monitoring schedule for home parenteral nutrition (PN) patients improves patient safety by decreasing the occurrence of nutrition deficiencies and is cost-effective. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study of home PN patients, each patient followed an established protocol of laboratory monitoring and weekly review by an interdisciplinary team of dietitians, nurses, and physicians...
October 11, 2016: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714440/celiac-disease-is-associated-with-reduced-bone-mineral-density-and-increased-frax-scores-in-the-us-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#12
E Kamycheva, T Goto, C A Camargo
: We investigated the association between celiac disease (CD) and bone mass density (BMD) and risk of osteoporotic fractures in the general US population. In children and men ≥18 years, CD was associated with reduced BMD, and in men ≥40 years, CD was associated with increased risk of osteoporotic fractures. INTRODUCTION: Celiac disease (CD) is an autoimmune condition, characterized by inflammation of the small intestine. CD has an increasing prevalence, and if unrecognized or untreated, CD can lead to complications from malabsorption and micronutrient deficiencies...
October 6, 2016: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706460/alteration-of-taste-buds-in-experimental-cirrhosis-is-there-correlation-with-human-hypogeusia
#13
Sabrina Alves Fernandes, Silvia Bona, Carlos Thadeu Schmidt Cerski, Norma Possa Marroni, Claudio Augusto Marroni
Background: The inherent complications of cirrhosis include protein-calorie malnutrition and micronutrient deficiencies.Changes in taste are detrimental to the nutritional status, and the mechanism to explain these changes is not well documented in the cirrhotic patients. Objective: To evaluate the taste buds of cirrhotic rats. Methods: Fourteen male Wistar rats were evaluated. After 16 weeks, the liver was removed to histologically diagnose cirrhosis, and blood was collected to perform liver integrity tests...
October 2016: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702409/the-relationship-between-micronutrient-status-and-sleep-patterns-a-systematic-review
#14
Xiaopeng Ji, Michael A Grandner, Jianghong Liu
OBJECTIVE: To review articles on the relationship of dietary and circulating micronutrients with sleep patterns, and to identify issues surrounding implications for future research and public health practice. DESIGN: A systematic review was conducted. PubMed, Embase and Scopus were searched through January 2016. SETTING: Both experimental and observational studies were included. However, studies that focused on secondary sleep impairment due to comorbidities were excluded...
October 5, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696720/association-of-prenatal-lipid-based-nutritional-supplementation-with-fetal-growth-in-rural-gambia
#15
William Johnson, Momodou K Darboe, Fatou Sosseh, Patrick Nshe, Andrew M Prentice, Sophie E Moore
Prenatal supplementation with protein-energy (PE) and/or multiple-micronutrients (MMNs) may improve fetal growth, but trials of lipid-based nutritional supplements (LNSs) have reported inconsistent results. We conducted a post-hoc analysis of non-primary outcomes in a trial in Gambia, with the aim to test the associations of LNS with fetal growth and explore how efficacy varies depending on nutritional status. The sample comprised 620 pregnant women in an individually randomized, partially blinded trial with four arms: (a) iron and folic acid (FeFol) tablet (usual care, referent group), (b) MMN tablet, (c) PE LNS, and (d) PE + MMN LNS...
October 2, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695751/responses-of-reclamation-plants-to-high-root-zone-ph-effects-of-phosphorus-and-calcium-availability
#16
Wenqing Zhang, Janusz J Zwiazek
Low phosphorus (P) availability and high pH inhibit plant growth in calcareous soils and some oil sands reclamation sites in northeastern Alberta, Canada. In this study, we used a split-root hydroponic setup to test the effects of supplemental P with different calcium (Ca) concentrations and root-zone pH conditions on the growth and physiological response of trees commonly found in the region: paper birch ( Marsh.), trembling aspen ( Michx.), green alder [ (Chaix) DC.], and black spruce [ (Mill.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb...
September 2016: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671163/advances-in-breeding-for-high-grain-zinc-in-rice
#17
REVIEW
B P Mallikarjuna Swamy, Mohammad Akhlasur Rahman, Mary Ann Inabangan-Asilo, Amery Amparado, Christine Manito, Prabhjit Chadha-Mohanty, Russell Reinke, Inez H Slamet-Loedin
Zinc (Zn) is one of the most essential micronutrients required for the growth and development of human beings. More than one billion people, particularly children and pregnant women suffer from Zn deficiency related health problems in Asia. Rice is the major staple food for Asians, but the presently grown popular high yielding rice varieties are poor supplier of Zn in their polished form. Breeding rice varieties with high grain Zn has been suggested to be a sustainable, targeted, food-based and cost effective approach in alleviating Zn deficiency...
December 2016: Rice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639139/on-line-coupling-of-physiologically-relevant-bioaccessibility-testing-to-inductively-coupled-plasma-spectrometry-proof-of-concept-for-fast-assessment-of-gastrointestinal-bioaccessibility-of-micronutrients-from-soybeans
#18
Mónica Alejandra Herrera, María Rosende, Marco Aurélio Zezzi Arruda, Manuel Miró
In-vitro physiologically relevant gastrointestinal extraction based on the validated Unified BARGE Method (UBM) is in this work hyphenated to inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry in a batch-flow configuration for real-time monitoring of oral bioaccessibility assays with high temporal resolution. A fully automated flow analyzer is designed to foster in-line filtration of gastrointestinal extracts at predefined times (≤15 min) followed by on-line multi-elemental analysis of bioaccessible micro-nutrients, viz...
October 5, 2016: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632432/stable-isotope-techniques-for-the-assessment-of-host-and-microbiota-response-during-gastrointestinal-dysfunction
#19
Ross N Butler, Margaret Kosek, Nancy F Krebs, Cornelia U Loechl, Alexander Loy, Victor O Owino, Michael B Zimmermann, Douglas J Morrison
The International Atomic Energy Agency convened a technical meeting on environmental enteric dysfunction (EED) in Vienna (28-30 October 2015; https://nucleus.iaea.org/HHW/Nutrition/EED_Technical_Meeting/index.html) to bring together international experts in the fields of EED, nutrition and stable isotope technologies. Advances in stable isotope labelling techniques open up new possibilities to improve our understanding of gastrointestinal dysfunction and the role of the microbiota in host health. In the context of EED, little is known about the role gut dysfunction may play in macro- and micronutrient bioavailability and requirements and what the consequences may be for nutritional status and linear growth...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27620820/moderate-multivitamin-supplementation-improved-folate-and-vitamin-b12-status-in-the-elderly
#20
Sari Tal, Felicia Stern, Zeev Polyak, Ina Ichelzon, Yosef Dror
The dependent elderly are widely considered to be at higher risk of nutritional problems. Suboptimal micronutrient intake might put the elderly, especially those living in nursing homes, at high risk of morbidity. So far, no public authority, except for the Israel Ministry of Health, has issued particular recommendations for micronutrient supplementation for the elderly. We hypothesized that moderate 'multivitamin' supplementation could improve the vitamin status of the dependent elderly. The study took place in two nursing homes and included 144 dependent elderly (males/females, 35/109)...
November 2016: Experimental Gerontology
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