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micronutrient deficiencies

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817367/nutrition-implications-for-long-term-survivors-of-pancreatic-cancer-surgery
#1
Maria Q B Petzel, Leah Hoffman
With slowly increasing survival rates in pancreatic cancer and international consensus guidelines recommending surgical resection of premalignant lesions, survival post-pancreatic resection is increasing. With longer survival time, the significant comorbidities of such major surgery have far-reaching effects on the nutrition status of the survivor of pancreatic cancer. This review describes the many nutrition-related side effects of pancreatic surgery, including the development of pancreatic enzyme insufficiency, micronutrient deficiencies, diabetes, fatty liver, and metabolic bone disease...
August 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799141/trace-element-and-vitamin-concentrations-in-paediatric-dialysis-patients
#2
Triona Joyce, Frances Court Brown, Dean Wallace, Christopher J D Reid, Manish D Sinha
BACKGROUND: There are few recent data regarding blood micronutrient concentrations and supplementation in children on maintenance dialysis. We investigated micronutrient concentrations following dialysis commencement. METHODS: Retrospective review, including all children on maintenance dialysis (peritoneal dialysis, PD; intermittent haemodialysis, IHD), for nutritional blood concentrations measured over the first 12 months. Patients received pyridoxine and Dialyvit® daily with planned 3-monthly micronutrient concentration monitoring including selenium, manganese, copper, zinc, folate and vitamins A, D, B12 and E...
August 10, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796830/dynamic-changes-of-nutrient-composition-throughout-the-entire-life-cycle-of-black-soldier-fly
#3
Xiu Liu, Xuan Chen, Hui Wang, Qinqin Yang, Kashif Ur Rehman, Wu Li, Minmin Cai, Qing Li, Lorenzo Mazza, Jibin Zhang, Ziniu Yu, Longyu Zheng
Black soldier fly (BSF) larvae, Hermetia illucens L., develops on organic wastes, reducing ecological pollution and converting waste biomass into protein and fat rich insect biomass. BSF can replace increasingly expensive protein sources used in poultry, aquaculture and livestock compound diet formulation, such as fish meal and soybean meal, which holds the potential to alleviate future food and feed insecurity. The fate of nutritional spectra in BSF during its life cycle phases is still poorly understood. This study assessed metabolic changes in nutrition composition of BSF from egg to adult...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792457/impact-of-frequency-of-multi-vitamin-multi-mineral-supplement-intake-on-nutritional-adequacy-and-nutrient-deficiencies-in-u-s-adults
#4
Jeffrey B Blumberg, Balz B Frei, Victor L Fulgoni, Connie M Weaver, Steven H Zeisel
Although >50% of U.S. adults use dietary supplements, little information is available on the impact of supplement use frequency on nutrient intakes and deficiencies. Based on nationally representative data in 10,698 adults from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES) 2009 to 2012, assessments were made of intakes from food alone versus food plus multi-vitamin/multi-mineral supplements (MVMS) of 17 nutrients with an Estimated Average Requirement (EAR) and a Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL), and of the status of five nutrients with recognized biomarkers of deficiency...
August 9, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779824/nutritional-problems-affecting-older-adults
#5
REVIEW
Neva L Crogan
Nutritional problems, such as malnutrition, dehydration, and electrolyte imbalance, are multifaceted and complex issues for older adults. This article describes these potential nutritional problems and then discusses evidence-based assessment strategies and treatment modalities that target these problems. Micronutrient deficiency is explored and evidence-based supplementation discussed. Many factors contribute to weight loss and malnutrition in older adults. These factors are classified as social, psychological, and/or biological...
September 2017: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777128/spinal-cord-injury-following-a-mild-trauma-in-homocystinuria-related-bone-frailty-neurorehabilitation-and-education-on-bone-health-management
#6
Ginny Varghese, Wafa Al Yazeedi, Mohammed Al Hamawi, Mohammed N Awad, Giorgio Ferriero, Elena Giovanazzi
Homocystinuria (HCU) is a rare autosomal recessive disease characterized by the deficiency of cystathionine β-synthetase, presenting with variable clinical features including micronutrient deficiency-related osteoporosis. Early-onset osteoporosis results in increased bone fragility, which is associated with low-impact fractures. To date, no traumatic myelopathy has ever been described in patients with HCU. This case report describes a 30-year-old male patient with HCU who was not aware that he was at high risk of sustaining debilitating bone fractures...
August 2, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771408/promoting-early-child-development-with-interventions-in-health-and-nutrition-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Tyler Vaivada, Michelle F Gaffey, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
CONTEXT: Although effective health and nutrition interventions for reducing child mortality and morbidity exist, direct evidence of effects on cognitive, motor, and psychosocial development is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To review existing evidence for health and nutrition interventions affecting direct measures of (and pathways to) early child development. DATA SOURCES: Reviews and recent overviews of interventions across the continuum of care and component studies...
August 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768707/impact-of-childhood-malnutrition-on-host-defense-and-infection
#8
REVIEW
Marwa K Ibrahim, Mara Zambruni, Christopher L Melby, Peter C Melby
The global impact of childhood malnutrition is staggering. The synergism between malnutrition and infection contributes substantially to childhood morbidity and mortality. Anthropometric indicators of malnutrition are associated with the increased risk and severity of infections caused by many pathogens, including viruses, bacteria, protozoa, and helminths. Since childhood malnutrition commonly involves the inadequate intake of protein and calories, with superimposed micronutrient deficiencies, the causal factors involved in impaired host defense are usually not defined...
October 2017: Clinical Microbiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766851/folate-deficiency-in-north-indian-children-undergoing-maintenance-chemotherapy-for-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-implications-and-outcome
#9
Nirmalya Roy Moulik, Archana Kumar, Suraksha Agrawal, Abbas Ali Mahdi
BACKGROUND: Treatment-related toxicity and mortality are not uncommon during maintenance chemotherapy for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), especially in the low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). Undernutrition and micronutrient deficiencies are commonly seen in children from LMICs undergoing treatment for ALL. The present study examines the prevalence and clinical implications of folate deficiency in north Indian children with ALL during the maintenance phase of treatment in view of prolonged antifolate treatment and high population prevalence of folate deficiency...
August 2, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763004/the-linoleic-acid-dihomo-%C3%AE-linolenic-acid-ratio-la-dgla-an-emerging-biomarker-of-zn-status
#10
REVIEW
Marija Knez, James C R Stangoulis, Maria Glibetic, Elad Tako
Zinc (Zn) deficiency is a common aliment predicted to affect 17% of the world's population. Zinc is a vital micronutrient used for over 300 enzymatic reactions and multiple biochemical and structural processes in the body. Although whole blood, plasma, and urine zinc decrease in severe zinc deficiency, accurate assessment of zinc status, especially in mild to moderate deficiency, is difficult as studies with these biomarkers are often contradictory and inconsistent. Hence, as suggested by the World Health Organization, sensitive and specific biological markers of zinc status are still needed...
August 1, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761260/prospective-analytical-controlled-study-evaluating-serum-biotin-vitamin-b12-and-folic-acid-in-patients-with-premature-canities
#11
Deepashree Daulatabad, Archana Singal, Chander Grover, Neelam Chhillar
BACKGROUND: Premature canities is a common yet unfathomed disorder. The evidence for the role of micronutrient deficiency in premature canities is not well established. AIM: The present study was undertaken to evaluate the micronutrient levels in Indian patients with premature canities as compared to controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a case-control study in 52 self-reporting patients with premature canities (<20 years age). Micronutrient levels including serum Vitamin B12, biotin, and folic acid were assessed and compared among the patients and controls...
January 2017: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761150/single-genetic-locus-improvement-of-iron-zinc-and-%C3%AE-carotene-content-in-rice-grains
#12
Simrat Pal Singh, Wilhelm Gruissem, Navreet K Bhullar
Nearly half of the world's population obtains its daily calories from rice grains, which lack or have insufficient levels of essential micronutrients. The deficiency of micronutrients vital for normal growth is a global health problem, and iron, zinc and vitamin A deficiencies are the most prevalent ones. We developed rice lines expressing Arabidopsis NICOTIANAMINE SYNTHASE 1 (AtNAS1), bean FERRITIN (PvFERRITIN), bacterial CAROTENE DESATURASE (CRTI) and maize PHYTOENE SYNTHASE (ZmPSY) in a single genetic locus in order to increase iron, zinc and β-carotene content in the rice endosperm...
July 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760418/energy-and-nutrient-intake-of-infants-and-young-children-in-pastoralist-communities-of-ethiopia
#13
Girma Mengistu, Tibebu Moges, Aregash Samuel, Kaleab Baye
OBJECTIVE: Nutrient intake from complementary foods often is suboptimal in subsistent farming households of developing countries, but little is known about this in pastoralist communities. The aim of this study was to estimate the energy and nutrient intake of children ages 6 to 23 mo living in pastoralist communities of Ethiopia. METHOD: As part of the Ethiopian National Food Consumption Survey, 24-h dietary recall data were collected through in-home interviews from a nationally representative sample...
September 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757585/should-research-on-the-nutritional-potential-and-health-benefits-of-fermented-cereals-focus-more-on-the-general-health-status-of-populations-in-developing-countries
#14
Caroline Laurent-Babot, Jean-Pierre Guyot
Cereal foods fermented by lactic acid bacteria are staples in many countries around the world particularly in developing countries, but some aspects of the nutritional and health benefits of traditional fermented foods in developing countries have not been sufficiently investigated compared to fermented foods in high-income countries. Today, malnutrition worldwide is characterized by a double burden, excess leading to non-communicable diseases like obesity or diabetes alongside micronutrient deficiencies. In addition, populations in developing countries suffer from infectious and parasitic diseases that can jeopardize the health benefits provided by their traditional fermented foods...
July 25, 2017: Microorganisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752139/association-between-serum-vitamin-b12-level-and-frailty-in-older-adults
#15
Ozge Dokuzlar, Pinar Soysal, Ahmet Turan Isik
OBJECTIVE: Frailty is associated with recurrent falls, fractures, limitation of daily living activities, cognitive impairment, increase in hospitalization, placement in nursing home, and mortality rate in older adults. Although malnutrition is one of the most important etiological factors, role of micronutrients is unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate association between frailty and vitamin B12, which has been demonstrated to be related to numerous geriatric syndromes. METHODS: Total of 335 patients who presented at geriatric outpatient clinic and underwent comprehensive geriatric assessment were included in this study...
2017: Northern Clinics of Istanbul
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749985/fatigue-in-out-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-prevalence-and-predictive-factors
#16
Albert Villoria, Víctor García, Angelina Dosal, Laura Moreno, Antònia Montserrat, Ariadna Figuerola, Diana Horta, Xavier Calvet, María José Ramírez-Lázaro
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Fatigue is a common and bothersome symptom in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients. The study was aimed to determine the relationship of biological and psychological factors with IBD-related fatigue. METHODS: Consecutive clinically inactive IBD outpatients receiving immunosuppressants or biological drugs were enrolled between January and December 2013. Patients completed a Fatigue score (FACIT-F), various psychological, quality of life (IBDQ-9), and IBD activity scores...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749486/milestones-and-controversies-in-maternal-and-child-health-examining-a-brief-history-of-micronutrient-fortification-in-the-us
#17
A Deavenport-Saman, A Britt, K Smith, R A Jacobs
Fortification of our food and drinking supply has decreased morbidity rates related to micronutrient deficiencies among mothers and their children, particularly during the perinatal and neonatal periods of development. The purpose of this historical review is to examine the impact of public policy changes related to micronutrient fortification. We provide a historical investigation of achievements and controversies related to iodine, vitamin D, fluoride and folic acid fortifications in our food and drinking supply...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749117/roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-versus-sleeve-gastrectomy-a-narrative-review-of-risks-and-benefits
#18
Matthew D Ettleson, Corey J Lager, Andrew T Kraftson, Nazanene H Esfandiari, Elif A Oral
INTRODUCTION: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (GB) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG) are the most commonly performed metabolic surgeries and are highly effective for the treatment of obesity and related comorbidities. In this narrative review, recent studies of at least two years of follow-up directly comparing outcomes between GB and SG are reviewed to assess the efficacy of each procedure in weight loss and diabetes remission, as well as resulting quality of life (QoL) assessment and micronutrient deficiencies...
July 26, 2017: Minerva Chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746059/nutrition-micronutrients-in-child-growth-and-development-a-systematic-review-on-current-evidence-recommendations-and-opportunities-for-further-research
#19
Mohammad Yawar Yakoob, Clifford W Lo
OBJECTIVE: An important aspect of malnutrition is deficiency of different micronutrients during pregnancy or early childhood. We systematically reviewed the role of nutrition in child growth (weight or height gain) and development. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was done on PubMed/Cochrane Library browsing through 38,795 abstracts until December 31, 2016 to select systematic reviews/meta-analyses and individual randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of micronutrient supplementation...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746054/nutritional-deficiency-related-oral-and-cutaneous-lesions-in-an-obese-patient
#20
Lilly Esquivel-Pedraza, Silvia Méndez-Flores, Alba Cicero-Casarrubias, Marcela Saeb-Lima, Judith Domínguez-Cherit, Laura Fernández-Cuevas
The cutaneous and oral lesions related to nutritional deficiencies are scarcely reported. Micronutrient deficiencies may significantly affect mouth mucosa and skin, causing great morbidity. We report an extraordinary case with detailed clinical and microscopic findings affecting the oral cavity and skin. Physicians must be familiar with these manifestations to suspect the diagnosis.
July 17, 2017: American Journal of Dermatopathology
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