keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

micronutrient deficiencies

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906964/undernutrition-vitamin-a-and-iron-deficiency-are-associated-with-impaired-intestinal-mucosal-permeability-in-young-bangladeshi-children-assessed-by-lactulose-mannitol-test
#1
Md Iqbal Hossain, Rashidul Haque, Dinesh Mondal, Mustafa Mahfuz, Am Shamsir Ahmed, M Munirul Islam, Richard L Guerrant, William A Petri, Tahmeed Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Lactulose/mannitol (L:M) test has been used as a non-invasive marker of intestinal mucosal -integrity and -permeability (enteropathy). We investigated the association of enteropathy with anthropometrics, micronutrient- status, and morbidity in children. METHODS: The urine and blood samples were collected from 925 children aged 6-24 months residing in Mirpur slum of Dhaka, Bangladesh during November 2009 to April 2013. L:M test and micronutrient status were assessed in the laboratory of International Centre for Diarrhoeal Diseases Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b) following standard procedure...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898225/plasma-riboflavin-level-is-associated-with-risk-relapse-and-survival-of-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#2
Shan-Shan Li, Yi-Wei Xu, Jian-Yi Wu, Hua-Zhen Tan, Zhi-Yong Wu, Yu-Jie Xue, Jian-Jun Zhang, En-Min Li, Li-Yan Xu
Riboflavin is an essential micronutrient for normal cellular activity, and deficiency may result in disease, such as cancer. We performed a case-control study to explore the association of riboflavin levels with risk and prognosis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Plasma riboflavin levels, as measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), in ESCC patients were significantly lower than in those of healthy controls (7.04 ± 6.34 ng/ml vs. 9.32 ± 12.40 ng/ml; P < 0.05). Moreover, there was an inverse relationship between riboflavin level and risk of ESCC (odds ratio (OR) = 0...
November 29, 2016: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894337/intestinal-dysbiosis-is-common-in-systemic-sclerosis-and-associated-with-gastrointestinal-and-extraintestinal-features-of-disease
#3
Kristofer Andréasson, Zaid Alrawi, Anita Persson, Göran Jönsson, Jan Marsal
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence suggests a link between autoimmunity and the intestinal microbial composition in several rheumatic diseases including systemic sclerosis (SSc). The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of intestinal dysbiosis in SSc and to characterise patients suffering from this potentially immunomodulatory deviation. METHODS: This study consisted of 98 consecutive patients subject to in-hospital care. Stool samples were analysed for intestinal microbiota composition using a validated genome-based microbiota test (GA-map™ Dysbiosis Test, Genetic Analysis, Oslo, Norway)...
November 29, 2016: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890954/prevalence-of-vitamin-b12-and-folic-acid-deficiency-in-hiv-positive-patients-and-its-association-with-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-and-immunological-response
#4
Prabha M R Adhikari, Mukta N Chowta, John T Ramapuram, Satish Rao, Karthik Udupa, Sahana Devdas Acharya
BACKGROUND: Deficiency of micronutrients is prevalent even before the development of symptoms of HIV disease and is associated with accelerated HIV disease progression. AIMS: This study evaluates the prevalence of folate and Vitamin B12 deficiency in HIV-positive patients with or without tuberculosis (TB) and its association with neuropsychiatric symptoms and immunological response. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Cross-sectional, observational study in an outpatient setting...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890019/vitamin-a-deficiency-and-determinants-of-vitamin-a-status-in-bangladeshi-children-and-women-findings-of-a-national-survey
#5
Sabuktagin Rahman, Ahmed Shafiqur Rahman, Nurul Alam, Am Shamsir Ahmed, Santhia Ireen, Ireen Akhter Chowdhury, Fatima Parveen Chowdhury, Sm Mustafizur Rahman, Tahmeed Ahmed
OBJECTIVE: Using data from the national micronutrients survey 2011-2012, the present study explored the status of subclinical vitamin A nutrition and the underlying determinants in the Bangladeshi population. DESIGN: A nationwide cross-sectional study. Settings The survey covered 150 clusters; fifty in each of rural, urban and slum strata. SUBJECTS: Three population groups: (i) pre-school age children (6-59 months; PSAC); (ii) school age children (6-14 years; SAC); and (iii) non-pregnant non-lactating women (15-49 years; NPNLW)...
November 28, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872866/roles-of-zinc-signaling-in-the-immune-system
#6
REVIEW
Shintaro Hojyo, Toshiyuki Fukada
Zinc (Zn) is an essential micronutrient for basic cell activities such as cell growth, differentiation, and survival. Zn deficiency depresses both innate and adaptive immune responses. However, the precise physiological mechanisms of the Zn-mediated regulation of the immune system have been largely unclear. Zn homeostasis is tightly controlled by the coordinated activity of Zn transporters and metallothioneins, which regulate the transport, distribution, and storage of Zn. There is growing evidence that Zn behaves like a signaling molecule, facilitating the transduction of a variety of signaling cascades in response to extracellular stimuli...
2016: Journal of Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872656/nutritional-situation-among-syrian-refugees-hosted-in-iraq-jordan-and-lebanon-cross-sectional-surveys
#7
S M Moazzem Hossain, Eva Leidman, James Kingori, Abdullah Al Harun, Oleg O Bilukha
BACKGROUND: Ongoing armed conflict in Syria has caused large scale displacement. Approximately half of the population of Syria have been displaced including the millions living as refugees in neighboring countries. We sought to assess the health and nutrition of Syrian refugees affected by the conflict. METHODS: Representative cross-sectional surveys of Syrian refugees were conducted between October 2 and November 30, 2013 in Lebanon, April 12 and May 1, 2014 in Jordan, and May 20 and 31, 2013 in Iraq...
2016: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864852/h-pyrophosphatase-ibvp1-promotes-efficient-iron-use-in-sweet-potato-ipomoea-batatas-l-lam
#8
Weijuan Fan, Hongxia Wang, Yinliang Wu, Nan Yang, Jun Yang, Peng Zhang
Iron (Fe) deficiency is one of the most common micronutrient deficiencies limiting crop production globally, especially in arid regions because of decreased availability of iron in alkaline soils. Sweet potato [Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam.] grows well in arid regions and is tolerant to Fe deficiency. Here we report that the transcription of type I H(+) -pyrophosphatase (H(+) -PPase) gene IbVP1 in sweet potato plants was strongly induced by Fe deficiency and auxin in hydroponics, improving Fe acquisition via increased rhizosphere acidification and auxin regulation...
November 18, 2016: Plant Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852523/anemia-offers-stronger-protection-than-sickle-cell-trait-against-the-erythrocytic-stage-of-falciparum-malaria-and-this-protection-is-reversed-by-iron-supplementation
#9
M M Goheen, R Wegmüller, A Bah, B Darboe, E Danso, M Affara, D Gardner, J C Patel, A M Prentice, C Cerami
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency causes long-term adverse consequences for children and is the most common nutritional deficiency worldwide. Observational studies suggest that iron deficiency anemia protects against Plasmodiumfalciparum malaria and several intervention trials have indicated that iron supplementation increases malaria risk through unknown mechanism(s). This poses a major challenge for health policy. We investigated how anemia inhibits blood stage malaria infection and how iron supplementation abrogates this protection...
November 9, 2016: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843721/antioxidant-nutrition-in-atlantic-salmon-salmo-salar-parr-and-post-smolt-fed-diets-with-high-inclusion-of-plant-ingredients-and-graded-levels-of-micronutrients-and-selected-amino-acids
#10
Kristin Hamre, Nini H Sissener, Erik-Jan Lock, Pål A Olsvik, Marit Espe, Bente E Torstensen, Joana Silva, Johan Johansen, Rune Waagbø, Gro-Ingunn Hemre
The shift from marine to plant-based ingredients in fish feeds affects the dietary concentrations and bioavailability of micronutrients, amino acids and lipids and consequently warrants a re-evaluation of dietary nutrient recommendations. In the present study, an Atlantic salmon diet high in plant ingredients was supplemented with graded levels of nutrient premix (NP), containing selected amino acids, taurine, cholesterol, vitamins and minerals. This article presents the results on the antioxidant nutrients vitamin C, E and selenium (Se), and effects on tissue redox status...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837349/comparison-of-body-composition-and-nutrients-deficiencies-between-portuguese-rink-hockey-players
#11
Maria-Raquel G Silva, Hugo-Henrique Silva
: We evaluated dietary intake and body composition of child and adolescent rink-hockey players and controls. Seventy-two male rink-hockey players (38 children and 34 adolescents) and 79 male controls (43 children and 36 adolescents) were evaluated in order to collect training data, detailed dietary intake and body composition. Rink-hockey players presented significantly lower body fat (BF) and higher fat-free mass (FFM) than controls. Mean intakes of carbohydrate and protein were considered to be adequate, but mean intakes of fat were above the recommended levels in athletes...
November 12, 2016: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835794/iodine-biofortification-of-crops-agronomic-biofortification-metabolic-engineering-and-iodine-bioavailability
#12
REVIEW
Silvia Gonzali, Claudia Kiferle, Pierdomenico Perata
Iodine deficiency is a widespread micronutrient malnutrition problem, and the addition of iodine to table salt represents the most common prophylaxis tool. The biofortification of crops with iodine is a recent strategy to further enrich the human diet with a potentially cost-effective, well accepted and bioavailable iodine source. Understanding how iodine functions in higher plants is key to establishing suitable biofortification approaches. This review describes the current knowledge regarding iodine physiology in higher plants, and provides updates on recent agronomic and metabolic engineering strategies of biofortification...
October 27, 2016: Current Opinion in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827854/nutritional-and-micronutrient-status-of-female-workers-in-a-garment-factory-in-cambodia
#13
Jan Makurat, Hanna Friedrich, Khov Kuong, Frank T Wieringa, Chhoun Chamnan, Michael B Krawinkel
BACKGROUND: Concerns about the nutritional status of Cambodian garment workers were raised years ago but data are still scarce. The objectives of this study are to examine the nutritional, hemoglobin and micronutrient status of female workers in a garment factory in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, and to assess if body mass index is associated with hemoglobin and/or micronutrient status. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 223 female workers (nulliparous, non-pregnant) at a garment factory in Phnom Penh...
November 2, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826955/vitamin-d-supplementation-for-preventing-infections-in-children-under-five-years-of-age
#14
REVIEW
Mohammad Y Yakoob, Rehana A Salam, Farhan R Khan, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D is a micronutrient important for bone growth and immune function. Deficiency can lead to rickets and has been linked to various infections, including respiratory infections. The evidence on the effects of supplementation on infections in children has not been assessed systematically. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the role of vitamin D supplementation in preventing pneumonia, tuberculosis (TB), diarrhoea, and malaria in children under five years of age...
November 9, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825397/micronutrient-intake-in-advanced-age-te-pu%C3%A4-waitanga-o-ng%C3%A4-tapuwae-kia-ora-tonu-life-and-living-in-advanced-age-a-cohort-study-in-new-zealand-lilacs-nz
#15
Carol Wham, Ruth Teh, Simon A Moyes, Anna Rolleston, Marama Muru-Lanning, Karen Hayman, Ngaire Kerse, Ashley Adamson
A high prevalence of undernutrition has previously been reported in indigenous Māori (49 %) and non-Māori (38 %) octogenarians and may be associated with risk of micronutrient deficiencies. We examined vitamin and mineral intakes and the contributing food sources among 216 Māori and 362 non-Māori participating in Life and Living to Advanced age a Cohort Study in New Zealand, using a repeat 24-h multiple-pass recall. More than half of the Māori and non-Māori participants had intakes below the estimated average requirement from food alone for Ca, Mg and Se...
November 9, 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821202/food-composition-tables-in-resource-poor-settings-exploring-current-limitations-and-opportunities-with-a-focus-on-animal-source-foods-in-sub-saharan-africa
#16
Julia de Bruyn, Elaine Ferguson, Margaret Allman-Farinelli, Ian Darnton-Hill, Wende Maulaga, John Msuya, Robyn Alders
Animal-source foods (ASF) have the potential to enhance the nutritional adequacy of cereal-based diets in low- and middle-income countries, through the provision of high-quality protein and bioavailable micronutrients. The development of guidelines for including ASF in local diets requires an understanding of the nutrient content of available resources. This article reviews food composition tables (FCT) used in sub-Saharan Africa, examining the spectrum of ASF reported and exploring data sources for each reference...
November 8, 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810990/thiamin-pyridoxine-vitamin-d-and-carotene-deficiency-in-a-malnourished-patient-following-billroth-ii-gastrectomy
#17
Mark D Lahey, Amir Y Kamel
We describe the case of a malnourished 48-year-old man who had previously undergone a Billroth II procedure for severe peptic ulcer disease. He was found to have a severely stenotic gastrojejunal anastomosis with inflamed mucosa that prevented him from tolerating solid food. Laboratory assessment revealed deficiencies in thiamin, pyridoxine, vitamin D, and carotene. This case demonstrates potential vital micronutrient complications following a partial gastrectomy.
November 3, 2016: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809765/impact-of-neonatal-iron-deficiency-on-hippocampal-dna-methylation-and-gene-transcription-in-a-porcine-biomedical-model-of-cognitive-development
#18
Kyle M Schachtschneider, Yingkai Liu, Laurie A Rund, Ole Madsen, Rodney W Johnson, Martien A M Groenen, Lawrence B Schook
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency is a common childhood micronutrient deficiency that results in altered hippocampal function and cognitive disorders. However, little is known about the mechanisms through which neonatal iron deficiency results in long lasting alterations in hippocampal gene expression and function. DNA methylation is an epigenetic mark involved in gene regulation and altered by environmental factors. In this study, hippocampal DNA methylation and gene expression were assessed via reduced representation bisulfite sequencing and RNA-seq on samples from a previous study reporting reduced hippocampal-based learning and memory in a porcine biomedical model of neonatal iron deficiency...
November 3, 2016: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807872/the-modulating-effects-of-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy-on-myocardial-metabolism-in-heart-failure
#19
REVIEW
Chao-Feng Chen, Petras P Dzeja, Yong-Mei Cha, Wei Hua, Bin Chen, Xiao-Fei Gao, Yi-Zhou Xu
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) is associated with changes in cardiac substrate utilization and energy metabolism, including a decline in high-energy phosphate content, mitochondrial dysfunction, and phosphotransfer enzyme deficiency. METHODS AND RESULTS: A shift toward glucose metabolism was noted in the end stage of HF in animals, although HF in humans may not be associated with a shift toward predominant glucose utilization. Deficiencies of micronutrients are well-established causes of cardiomyopathy...
November 3, 2016: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806723/factors-associated-with-compliance-to-recommended-micronutrients-uptake-for-prevention-of-anemia-during-pregnancy-in-urban-peri-urban-and-rural-communities-in-southeast-nigeria
#20
Nkechi G Onyeneho, Ngozi I'Aronu, Ngozi Chukwu, Uju Patricia Agbawodikeizu, Malgorzata Chalupowski, S V Subramanian
BACKGROUND: The study investigated the factors associated with compliance to the recommended ≥90-day uptake of micronutrients for prevention of iron-deficiency anemia during pregnancy in Nigeria. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 1500 women who had babies within 6 months prior to the survey, drawn from six urban, peri-urban, and rural local government areas in Enugu and Imo States of Nigeria, was conducted, using a structured questionnaire. A focus group discussion was held with grandmothers and fathers of the new baby...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
keyword
keyword
78180
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"