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plant-based nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152691/strategies-for-the-control-of-rhipicephalus-microplus-ticks-in-a-world-of-conventional-acaricide-and-macrocyclic-lactone-resistance
#1
REVIEW
Roger I Rodriguez-Vivas, Nicholas N Jonsson, Chandra Bhushan
Infestations with the cattle tick, Rhipicephalus microplus, constitute the most important ectoparasite problem for cattle production in tropical and subtropical regions worldwide, resulting in major economic losses. The control of R. microplus is mostly based on the use of conventional acaricides and macrocyclic lactones. However, the intensive use of such compounds has resulted in tick populations that exhibit resistance to all major acaricide chemical classes. Consequently, there is a need for the development of alternative approaches, possibly including the use of animal husbandry practices, synergized pesticides, rotation of acaricides, pesticide mixture formulations, manual removal of ticks, selection for host resistance, nutritional management, release of sterile male hybrids, environmental management, plant species that are unfavourable to ticks, pasture management, plant extracts, essential oils and vaccination...
November 20, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149845/early-nutritional-programming-affects-liver-transcriptome-in-diploid-and-triploid-atlantic-salmon-salmo-salar
#2
L M Vera, C Metochis, J F Taylor, M Clarkson, K H Skjærven, H Migaud, D R Tocher
BACKGROUND: To ensure sustainability of aquaculture, plant-based ingredients are being used in feeds to replace marine-derived products. However, plants contain secondary metabolites which can affect food intake and nutrient utilisation of fish. The application of nutritional stimuli during early development can induce long-term changes in animal physiology. Recently, we successfully used this approach to improve the utilisation of plant-based diets in diploid and triploid Atlantic salmon...
November 17, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148143/leaf-cell-membrane-stability-based-mechanisms-of-zinc-nutrient-in-mitigation-of-salinity-stress-in-rice
#3
Abdullah Tufail, Hong Li, Asif Naeem, Tingxian Li
Excess salts affect about 955 million ha of total arable lands worldwide and 49% of agricultural lands are Zn deficient. Soil salinity and zinc deficiency can intensify plant abiotic stress. The mechanisms by which Zn nutrients can mitigate salinity effects on plant functions are not well understood. We conducted an experiment to determine the zinc and salinity effects on rice plant retention of Zn, macronutrient potassium (K) and salt ion Na, chlorophyll formation, leaf cell membrane stability and grain yield, and to examine the mechanisms of zinc nutrition in mitigating salinity stress on plant physiological and nutritional aspects...
November 16, 2017: Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133124/proteomic-approaches-to-uncover-the-flooding-and-drought-stress-response-mechanisms-in-soybean
#4
REVIEW
Xin Wang, Setsuko Komatsu
Soybean is the important crop with abundant protein, vegetable oil, and several phytochemicals. With such predominant values, soybean is cultivated with a long history. However, flooding and drought stresses exert deleterious effects on soybean growth. The present review summarizes the morphological changes and affected events in soybean exposed to such extreme-water conditions. Sensitive organ in stressed soybean at different-developmental stages is presented based on protein profiles. Protein quality control and calcium homeostasis in the endoplasmic reticulum are discussed in soybean under both stresses...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130721/the-nutritional-limitations-of-plant-based-beverages-in-infancy-and-childhood
#5
Isidro Vitoria
Breastfeeding, infant formula and cow's milk are basic foods in infant nutrition. However, they are being increasingly replaced either totally or partially by plant-based beverages.The composition of 164 plant-based beverages available in Spain was reviewed based on the nutritional labeling of the package and the manufacturers' webpages. This was compared to the composition of cow's milk and infant formula. In addition, the nutritional disease associated with consumption of plant-based beverages in infants and children was reviewed by means of a literature search in Medline and Embase since 1990 based on the key words "plant-based beverages" or "rice beverages" or "almond beverages" or "soy beverages" and "infant" or "child"...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125587/polyphenol-rich-lentils-and-their-health-promoting-effects
#6
REVIEW
Kumar Ganesan, Baojun Xu
Polyphenols are a group of plant metabolites with potent antioxidant properties, which protect against various chronic diseases induced by oxidative stress. Evidence showed that dietary polyphenols have emerged as one of the prominent scientific interests due to their role in the prevention of degenerative diseases in humans. Possible health beneficial effects of polyphenols are measured based on the human consumption and their bioavailability. Lentil (Lens culinaris; Family: Fabaceae) is a great source of polyphenol compounds with various health-promoting properties...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123942/mode-of-managing-nutrient-solution-based-on-n-use-efficiency-for-lettuce-lactuca-sativa-l
#7
Ibraimo Teleha Chabite, Zhang Lei, Yao Ningning, Fu Qiang, Yu Haiye
In aeroponic cultivation the nutrient solution is an essential component to achieve good production results. And nitrogen is the main constituent element of the nutrient solution and essential element in plant nutrition. Therefore, the management and monitoring nutrient solution and existing nitrogen is fundamental. The experiment shows that three modes of replacing the nutrient solution and three initial pH values and their interaction significantly influenced the fresh weight and dry matter of lettuce. The highest values of fresh and dry weight were recorded in the fifth treatment where there is an interaction between pH 6 and the mode of replacing half of the nutrient solution...
2017: J Food Sci Eng
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113066/polyphenol-rich-dry-common-beans-phaseolus-vulgaris-l-and-their-health-benefits
#8
REVIEW
Kumar Ganesan, Baojun Xu
Polyphenols are plant metabolites with potent anti-oxidant properties, which help to reduce the effects of oxidative stress-induced dreaded diseases. The evidence demonstrated that dietary polyphenols are of emerging increasing scientific interest due to their role in the prevention of degenerative diseases in humans. Possible health beneficial effects of polyphenols are based on the human consumption and their bioavailability. Common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) are a greater source of polyphenolic compounds with numerous health promoting properties...
November 4, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110555/oxidative-stress-or-redox-signalling-new-insights-into-the-effects-of-a-proprietary-multifunctional-botanical-dietary-supplement
#9
Boris V Nemzer, Christoph Centner, Denise Zdzieblik, Bruno Fink, John M Hunter, Daniel König
Recent interest has focused on maintenance of healthy levels of redox signalling and the related oxidants; these parameters are crucial for providing us with concrete nutritional targets that may help us to better understand and maintain "optimal health". Following the above hypothesis, we performed a pilot double-blind, crossover, placebo-controlled, single dose study to measure the dose-dependent effects of a proprietary plant-based dietary supplement labelled here as S7 (SPECTRA7), related to how it affected the cellular metabolic index (CMI) in healthy human participants (n = 8)...
November 7, 2017: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106612/mediterranean-diet-as-the-diet-of-choice-for-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#10
Philippe Chauveau, Michel Aparicio, Vincenzo Bellizzi, Katrina Campbell, Xu Hong, Lina Johansson, Anne Kolko, Pablo Molina, Siren Sezer, Christoph Wanner, Pieter M Ter Wee, Daniel Teta, Denis Fouque, Juan J Carrero
Traditional dietary management of chronic kidney disease (CKD) focuses on the quantity within the diet of energy and protein, and the restriction of single micronutrients, with little mention of dietary quality. Dietary patterns that are more plant-based, lower in meat (including processed meat), sodium and refined sugar, and have a higher content of grains and fibres are now included in multiple clinical guidelines for chronic disease prevention. The Mediterranean diet (MD) has been associated with reduced cardiovascular disease incidence in both observational and interventional studies...
July 2, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103704/characterization-of-linoleic-acid-c18-2-concentration-in-commercial-corn-silage-and-grain-hybrids
#11
M Baldin, Y Ying, Y Fan, G Roth, D P Casper, K J Harvatine
Corn silage and high-moisture corn grain are commonly recognized as risk factors for biohydrogenation-induced milk fat depression and may be due to the high concentration of linoleic acid (C18:2) in corn. Corn silage and corn grain have a low concentration of fatty acids (FA), but due to their high inclusion rate in diets they contribute substantially to unsaturated FA intake. The first objective of this study was to characterize the contribution of individual plant parts to total FA in whole-plant chopped corn...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103419/marker-based-standardization-and-investigation-of-nutraceutical-potential-of-indian-propolis
#12
Nanaware Sadhana, Sathiyanarayanan Lohidasan, Kakasaheb Ramoo Mahadik
OBJECTIVE: Propolis, a resinous material collected by honey bees from various plants, has been explored globally for its medicinal and nutritional properties. However, research over Indian propolis is at infancy. This study was designed to investigate nutraceutical potential of Indian propolis. METHODS: In the present study, propolis extract was standardized with respect to markers caffeic acid phenethyl ester, caffeic acid, galangin, luteolin, curcumin, apigenin, pinocembrin and quercetin by new high-performance thin-layer chromatographic (HPTLC) methods...
November 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095351/young-child-formula-a-position-paper-by-the-espghan-committee-on-nutrition
#13
Iva Hojsak, Jiri Bronsky, Cristina Campoy, Magnus Domellöf, Nicholas Embleton, Nataša Fidler Mis, Jessie Hulst, Flavia Indrio, Alexandre Lapillonne, Christian Molgaard, Rakesh Vora, Mary Fewtrell
Young child formulae (YCF) are milk-based drinks or plant protein-based formulae intended to partially satisfy the nutritional requirements of young children ages 1 to 3 years. Although widely available on the market, their composition is, however, not strictly regulated and health effects have not been systematically studied. Therefore, the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) Committee on Nutrition (CoN) performed a systematic review of the literature to review the composition of YCF and consider their role in the diet of young children...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079619/identification-of-heterotrophic-zinc-mobilization-processes-among-bacterial-strains-isolated-from-wheat-rhizosphere-triticum-aestivum-l
#14
Benjamin Costerousse, Laurie Schönholzer-Mauclaire, Emmanuel Frossard, Cécile Thonar
Soil and plant inoculation with heterotrophic Zinc Solubilizing Bacteria (ZSB) is considered as a promising approach for increasing zinc (Zn) phytoavailability and enhance crop growth and nutritional quality. It is nevertheless necessary to understand the underlying bacterial solubilization processes in order to predict their repeatability in inoculation strategies. Acidification via gluconic acid production remains the most reported process. In this study, wheat rhizosphere soil serial dilutions were plated onto several solid microbiological media supplemented with scarcely soluble Zn oxide (ZnO) and 115 putative Zn solubilizing isolates were directly detected based on the formation of solubilization halo around the colonies...
October 27, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070089/feed-resource-selection-of-criollo-goats-artificially-infected-with-haemonchus-contortus-nutritional-wisdom-and-prophylactic-self-medication
#15
J Ventura-Cordero, P G González-Pech, P R Jaimez-Rodriguez, G I Ortiz-Ocampo, C A Sandoval-Castro, J F J Torres-Acosta
Previous cafeteria studies suggested that a moderate natural gastrointestinal nematode (GIN) infection did not modify the resource selection of adult Criollo goats towards tannin-rich plants compared with worm-free goats. A higher infection with Haemonchus contortus could trigger a change in the resource selection behaviour towards tannin-rich foliage. Alternatively, goats might select plant species solely to meet their nutritional requirements. A cafeteria study investigated the effect of a high artificial infection with H...
October 26, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059226/successful-selection-of-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss-on-their-ability-to-grow-with-a-diet-completely-devoid-of-fishmeal-and-fish-oil-and-correlated-changes-in-nutritional-traits
#16
Thérèse Callet, Françoise Médale, Laurence Larroquet, Anne Surget, Pierre Aguirre, Thierry Kerneis, Laurent Labbé, Edwige Quillet, Inge Geurden, Sandrine Skiba-Cassy, Mathilde Dupont-Nivet
In the context of limited marine resources, the exponential growth of aquaculture requires the substitution of fish oil and fishmeal, the traditional components of fish feeds by terrestrial plant ingredients. High levels of such substitution are known to negatively impact fish performance such as growth and survival in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) as in other salmonids. In this respect, genetic selection is a key enabler for improving those performances and hence for the further sustainable development of aquaculture...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034184/understanding-nutrition-and-immunity-in-disease-management
#17
REVIEW
Edwin L Cooper, Melissa J Ma
As we search for answers to modern medicine's most prevalent and challenging problems, the relationship between nutrition, immunity, and biological function of various natural compounds are preimminent. Nutritional research involving genomics provides rational capabilities for preventing disease. Scientific advances in genomic sequencing reveal opportunities for exploring diet-health relationships and potential for individual, genotype based dietary recommendations. Utilizing molecular and genetic technology to analyze impact of nutrition on genomics and metabolism reveals that nutrients may influence certain innate and/or acquired immune functions...
October 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032248/a-critical-role-of-amt2-1-in-root-to-shoot-translocation-of-ammonium-in-arabidopsis
#18
Ricardo F H Giehl, Alberto M Laginha, Fengying Duan, Doris Rentsch, Lixing Yuan, Nicolaus von Wirén
Ammonium uptake in plant roots is mediated by AMT/MEP/Rh-type ammonium transporters. Out of five AMTs being expressed in Arabidopsis roots, four AMT1-type transporters contribute to ammonium uptake, whereas no physiological function has so far been assigned to the only homolog belonging to the MEP subfamily, AMT2;1. Based on the observation that under ammonium supply, the transcript levels of AMT2;1 increased and its promoter activity shifted preferentially to the pericycle, we assessed the contribution of AMT2;1 to xylem loading...
November 6, 2017: Molecular Plant
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029168/effects-of-foliar-insecticides-on-leaf-level-spectral-reflectance-of-soybean
#19
Tavvs M Alves, Zachary P Marston, Ian V MacRae, Robert L Koch
Pest-induced changes in plant reflectance are crucial for the development of pest management programs using remote sensing. However, it is unknown if plant reflectance data is also affected by foliar insecticides applied for pest management. Our study assessed the effects of foliar insecticides on leaf reflectance of soybean. A 2-yr field trial and a greenhouse trial were conducted using randomized complete block and completely randomized designs, respectively. Treatments consisted of an untreated check, a new systemic insecticide (sulfoxaflor), and two representatives of the most common insecticide classes used for soybean pest management in the north-central United States (i...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027830/occurrence-types-properties-and-interactions-of-phenolic-compounds-with-other-food-constituents-in-oil-bearing-plants
#20
Muhammad H Alu'datt, Taha Rababah, Mohammad N Alhamad, Ghaid J Al-Rabadi, Carole C Tranchant, Ali Almajwal, Stan Kubow, Inteaz Alli
Phenolic phytochemicals have become of interest due to their therapeutic potential, particularly with regards to their anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, hypolipidemic, and hypoglycemic properties. An evolving area of research involving phenolics in foods and their products pertains to the functional, biological, and nutritional consequences resulting from the binding between certain phenolic compounds and the macronutrient and micronutrient constituents of foods. The goal of this review is to provide a summary of studies investigating endogenous phenolic interactions with major components in food systems, including carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, minerals and vitamins, with a focus on the phenolic compounds and nutrients in oil-bearing plants...
October 13, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
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