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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435656/white-tailed-deer-browse-on-an-invasive-shrub-with-extended-leaf-phenology-meets-assumptions-of-an-apparent-competition-hypothesis
#1
Kylie L Martinod, David L Gorchov
It has been hypothesized that invasive plant species with extended leaf phenology (ELP) elevate generalist herbivore populations, increasing herbivory on native plants (apparent competition). This hypothesis assumes that consumption of the invasive is associated with periods of ELP, the invasive is a major component of the herbivore's diet, and that it is more nutritious than native plants during periods of ELP. We tested these assumptions by estimating the proportion of the white-tailed deer diet comprised of Lonicera maackii, an invasive shrub with ELP, quantifying the seasonal pattern of deer browse on this invasive shrub, and comparing its nutritional quality to leafless woody stems...
March 2017: AoB Plants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431310/characterization-of-bacterial-communities-of-donkey-milk-by-high-throughput-sequencing
#2
Maria de Los Dolores Soto Del Rio, Alessandra Dalmasso, Tiziana Civera, Maria Teresa Bottero
The interest in donkey milk (DM) is growing because of its functional properties and nutritional value, especially for children with allergies and food intolerances. However, most of the available reports of DM microbiota are based on culture-dependent methods to investigate food safety issues and the presence of lactic acid bacteria (LAB). The aim of this study was to determine the composition of DM bacterial communities using a high-throughput sequencing (HTS) approach. Bulk milk samples from Italian donkey dairy farms from two consecutive years were analysed using the MiSeq Illumina platform...
March 30, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417464/qualitative-and-quantitative-analysis-of-endophyte-alkaloids-in-perennial-ryegrass-using-near-infrared-spectroscopy
#3
Milton C Soto-Barajas, Iñigo Zabalgogeazcoa, Inmaculada González-Martin, Beatriz R Vázquez-de-Aldana
BACKGROUND: Near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy (NIRS) has been widely used in forage quality control because it is faster, cleaner, and less expensive than conventional chemical procedures. In Lolium perenne (perennial ryegrass), one of the most important forage grasses, the infection by asymptomatic Epichloë fungal endophytes alters the plant nutritional quality due to the production of alkaloids. In this research, we developed a rapid method based on NIRS to detect and quantify endophyte alkaloids (peramine, lolitrem B and ergovaline) using a heterogeneous set of L...
April 18, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400011/use-of-enhanced-nisin-derivatives-in-combination-with-food-grade-oils-or-citric-acid-to-control-cronobacter-sakazakii-and-escherichia-coli-o157-h7
#4
Alicia Campion, Ruth Morrissey, Des Field, Paul D Cotter, Colin Hill, R Paul Ross
Cronobacter sakazakii and Escherichia coli O157:H7 are well known food-borne pathogens that can cause severe disease. The identification of new alternatives to heating to control these pathogens in foods, while reducing the impact on organoleptic properties and nutritional value, is highly desirable. In this study, nisin and its bioengineered variants, nisin V and nisin S29A, are used alone, or in combination with plant essential oils (thymol, carvacrol and trans-cinnamaldehyde) or citric acid, with a view to controlling C...
August 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394304/the-diet-and-haemodialysis-dyad-three-eras-four-open-questions-and-four-paradoxes-a-narrative-review-towards-a-personalized-patient-centered-approach
#5
REVIEW
Giorgina Barbara Piccoli, Maria Rita Moio, Antioco Fois, Andreea Sofronie, Lurlinys Gendrot, Gianfranca Cabiddu, Claudia D'Alessandro, Adamasco Cupisti
The history of dialysis and diet can be viewed as a series of battles waged against potential threats to patients' lives. In the early years of dialysis, potassium was identified as "the killer", and the lists patients were given of forbidden foods included most plant-derived nourishment. As soon as dialysis became more efficient and survival increased, hyperphosphatemia, was identified as the enemy, generating an even longer list of banned aliments. Conversely, the "third era" finds us combating protein-energy wasting...
April 10, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394274/vegetarian-diet-in-chronic-kidney-disease-a-friend-or-foe
#6
REVIEW
Anna Gluba-Brzózka, Beata Franczyk, Jacek Rysz
Healthy diet is highly important, especially in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Proper nutrition provides the energy to perform everyday activities, prevents infection, builds muscle, and helps to prevent kidney disease from getting worse. However, what does a proper diet mean for a CKD patient? Nutrition requirements differ depending on the level of kidney function and the presence of co-morbid conditions, including hypertension, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. The diet of CKD patients should help to slow the rate of progression of kidney failure, reduce uremic toxicity, decrease proteinuria, maintain good nutritional status, and lower the risk of kidney disease-related secondary complications (cardiovascular disease, bone disease, and hypertension)...
April 10, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391688/total-as-and-as-speciation-in-italian-rice-as-related-to-producing-areas-and-paddy-soils-properties
#7
Daniele Tenni, Maria Martin, Elisabetta Barberis, Gian Maria Beone, Eleonora Miniotti, Marcella Sodano, Elena Zanzo, Maria Chiara Fontanella, Marco Romani
Rice and rice-based foodstuffs are important pathways for inorganic As dietary intake. This work shows a detailed picture of As content and speciation in Italian rice, which contributes to more than one half of European production, and addresses the role of soil chemistry and agronomic management on As concentration in rice grain, in view of ameliorative strategies. The mean total As content in Italian white rice was 155±65 µg kg-1 with significant differences among producing areas, while the mean inorganic As was 102±26 µg kg-1, largely below the E...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389712/implications-from-distinct-sulfate-reducing-bacteria-populations-between-cattle-manure-and-digestate-in-the-elucidation-of-h2s-production-during-anaerobic-digestion-of-animal-slurry
#8
Benoit St-Pierre, André-Denis G Wright
Biogas produced from the anaerobic digestion of animal slurry consists mainly of methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2), but also includes other minor gases, such as hydrogen sulfide (H2S). Since it can act as a potent corrosive agent and presents a health hazard even at low concentrations, H2S is considered an undesirable by-product of anaerobic digestion. Sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRBs) have been identified as the main biological source of H2S in a number of natural, biological, and human-made habitats, and thus represent likely candidate microorganisms responsible for the production of H2S in anaerobic manure digesters...
April 7, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384568/combination-of-a-crop-model-and-a-geochemical-model-as-a-new-approach-to-evaluate-the-sustainability-of-an-intensive-agriculture-system
#9
Gihan Mohammed, Fabienne Trolard, Marina Gillon, Anne-Laure Cognard-Plancq, André Chanzy, Guilhem Bourrié
By combining a crop model (STICS) and a geochemical model (PHREEQC), a new approach to assess the sustainability of agrosystems is proposed. It is based upon aqueous geochemistry and the stepwise modifications of soil solution during its transfer from the surface till aquifer. Meadows of Crau (SE France), irrigated since the 16th century, were field monitored (2012-2015) and modelled. Except for N, the mineral requirements of hay are largely covered by dissolved elements brought by irrigation water with only slight deficits in K and P, which are compensated by P-K fertilizers and the winter pasture by sheep...
April 3, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382632/a-phosphoproteomic-landscape-of-rice-oryza-sativa-tissues
#10
Yifeng Wang, Xiaohong Tong, Jiehua Qiu, Zhiyong Li, Juan Zhao, Yuxuan Hou, Liqun Tang, Jian Zhang
Protein phosphorylation is an important post-translational modification that regulates various plant developmental processes. Here, we report a comprehensive, quantitative phosphoproteomic profile of six rice tissues, including callus, leaf, root, shoot meristem, young panicle and mature panicle from Nipponbare by employing a MS-based, label-free approach. A total of 7171 unique phosphorylation sites in 4792 phosphopeptides from 2657 phosphoproteins were identified, including 4613 peptides were differentially phosphorylated among the tissues...
April 5, 2017: Physiologia Plantarum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380695/adherence-to-nutrition-based-cancer-prevention-guidelines-and-breast-prostate-and-colorectal-cancer-risk-in-the-mcc-spain-case-control-study
#11
Dora Romaguera, Esther Gracia-Lavedan, Amaia Molinuevo, Jordi de Batlle, Michelle Mendez, Victor Moreno, Carmen Vidal, Adela Castelló, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Vicente Martín, Antonio J Molina, Verónica Dávila-Batista, Trinidad Dierssen-Sotos, Inés Gómez-Acebo, Javier Llorca, Marcela Guevara, Jesús Castilla, Carmen Urtiaga, Cristóbal Llorens-Ivorra, Guillermo Fernández-Tardón, Adonina Tardón, José Andrés Lorca, Rafael Marcos-Gragera, José María Huerta, Rocío Olmedo-Requena, José Juan Jimenez-Moleon, Jone Altzibar, Silvia de Sanjosé, Marina Pollán, Núria Aragonés, Gemma Castaño-Vinyals, Manolis Kogevinas, Pilar Amiano
Prostate, breast and colorectal cancer are the most common tumours in Spain. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association between adherence to nutrition-based guidelines for cancer prevention and prostate, breast and colorectal cancer, in the MCC-Spain case-control study. A total of 1718 colorectal, 1343 breast and 864 prostate cancer cases and 3431 population-based controls recruited between 2007 and 2012, were included in the present study. The World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (WCRC/AICR) score based on six recommendations for cancer prevention (on body fatness, physical activity, foods and drinks that promote weight gain, plant foods, animal foods and alcoholic drinks; score range 0-6) was constructed...
April 5, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376721/construction-of-a-high-density-genetic-map-and-the-x-y-sex-determining-gene-mapping-in-spinach-based-on-large-scale-markers-developed-by-specific-locus-amplified-fragment-sequencing-slaf-seq
#12
Wei Qian, Guiyan Fan, Dandan Liu, Helong Zhang, Xiaowu Wang, Jian Wu, Zhaosheng Xu
BACKGROUND: Cultivated spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.) is one of the most widely cultivated types of leafy vegetable in the world, and it has a high nutritional value. Spinach is also an ideal plant for investigating the mechanism of sex determination because it is a dioecious species with separate male and female plants. Some reports on the sex labeling and localization of spinach in the study of molecular markers have surfaced. However, there have only been two reports completed on the genetic map of spinach...
April 4, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372259/medicinal-plants-and-phytochemicals-with-anti-obesogenic-potentials-a-review
#13
REVIEW
Ramgopal Mopuri, Md Shahidul Islam
Human mortality has been significantly increased in last few decades due to the increased prevalence of obesity and associated chronic disorders such as type 2 diabetes, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, coronary heart disease and atherosclerosis. Apart from genetic and medicine or drug related side effects, nearly 90-95% people became obese due to the imbalanced calorie intake and lack of nutritional knowledge. The anti-obesogenic drugs, Orlistat and Sibutramine, which have been duly approved by Food and Drug Administration (FDA), USA, work very well on diet-induced obesity however they are not getting popular to the people with overweight/obesity due to the higher cost and severe side effects...
March 29, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370110/steady-dynamic-and-structural-deformation-three-interval-thixotropy-test-characteristics-of-gluten-free-tarhana-soup-prepared-with-different-concentrations-of-quinoa-flour
#14
M Kürşat Demir, Gözde Kutlu, Mustafa T Yilmaz
Celiac disease is among the most important health problems and the most important feature of this disease is its being the only lifelong food allergy. To overcome this problem, some gluten-free and starch based food products have been generally introduced to the market; however, these products are starch based with low nutritive value. Therefore, it is important to enrich such products for individuals who are obliged to be nourished by gluten-free diet. In this study, wheat flour was replaced with quinoa flour (QF) in the production of tarhana...
April 2017: Journal of Texture Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369505/predator-preference-for-bt-fed-spodoptera-frugiperda-lepidoptera-noctuidae-prey-implications-for-insect-resistance-management-in-bt-maize-seed-blends
#15
Z Svobodová, E C Burkness, O Skoková Habuštová, W D Hutchison
Understanding indirect, trophic-level effects of genetically engineered plants, expressing insecticidal proteins derived from the bacterium, Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), is essential to the ecological risk assessment process. In this study, we examine potential indirect, trophic-level effects of Bt-sensitive prey using the predator, Harmonia axyridis (Pallas), feeding upon Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith) larvae, which had delayed development (lower body mass) following ingestion of Cry1Ab maize leaves. We found no adverse effects on development and survival when H...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363565/zinc-complexed-chitosan-tpp-nanoparticles-a-promising-micronutrient-nanocarrier-suited-for-foliar-application
#16
Paresh Deshpande, Ashwin Dapkekar, Manoj D Oak, Kishore M Paknikar, Jyutika M Rajwade
Cultivation of cereals in zinc deficient soils leads to declined nutritional quality of grain. Zinc deficiency in humans is a consequence of consumption of micronutrient deficient cereals as staple food. To achieve an increase in zinc density in grain, we evaluated zinc complexed chitosan nanoparticles (Zn-CNP) as a potential 'nanocarrier' suited for foliar fertilization. Zn-CNP were synthesized using tri-polyphosphate as a cross-linker. Spherical Zn-CNP (diameter 250-300nm) were positively charged (zeta potential, +42...
June 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362107/interactions-between-cell-wall-polysaccharides-and-polyphenols
#17
Fan Zhu
In plant-based food systems such as fruits, vegetables, and cereals, cell wall polysaccharides and polyphenols co-exist and commonly interact during processing and digestion. The non-covalent interactions between cell wall polysaccharides and polyphenols may greatly influence the physicochemical and nutritional properties of foods. The affinity of cell wall polysaccharides with polyphenols depends on both endogenous and exogenous factors. The endogenous factors include the structures, compositions, and concentrations of both polysaccharides and polyphenols, and the exogenous factors are the environmental conditions such as pH, temperature, ionic strength, and the presence of other components (e...
March 31, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357640/azospirillum-spp-from-native-forage-grasses-in-brazilian-pantanal-floodplain-biodiversity-and-plant-growth-promotion-potential
#18
Mayara S T Souza, Valter A de Baura, Sandra A Santos, Paulo Ivan Fernandes-Júnior, Fábio B Reis Junior, Maria Rita Marques, Gecele Matos Paggi, Marivaine da Silva Brasil
A sustainable alternative to improve yield and the nutritive value of forage is the use of plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) that release nutrients, synthesize plant hormones and protect against phytopathogens (among other mechanisms). Azospirillum genus is considered an important PGPB, due to the beneficial effects observed when inoculated in several plants. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diversity of new Azospirillum isolates and select bacteria according to the plant growth promotion ability in three forage species from the Brazilian Pantanal floodplain: Axonopus purpusii, Hymenachne amplexicaulis and Mesosetum chaseae...
April 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344556/the-immunomodulatory-effects-of-plant-extracts-and-plant-secondary-metabolites-on-chronic-neuroinflammation-and-cognitive-aging-a-mechanistic-and-empirical-review
#19
REVIEW
Christina Kure, Jorinde Timmer, Con Stough
Advances in healthcare have considerably improved the life expectancy of the human population over the last century and this has brought about new challenges. As we live longer the capacity for cognitive aging increases. Consequently, it has been noted that decline in cognitive performance in the elderly in domains of reasoning, problem solving skills, attention, processing speed, working memory and episodic memory is a significant societal problem. Despite the enormity of this issue there are relatively few interventions for cognitive aging...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330134/phytases-from-enterobacter-and-serratia-species-with-desirable-characteristics-for-food-and-feed-applications
#20
Harpreet Kaur Kalsi, Rajveer Singh, Harcharan Singh Dhaliwal, Vinod Kumar
Phytases are enzymes of great industrial importance with wide range of applications in animal and human nutrition. These catalyze the hydrolysis of phosphomonoester bonds in phytate, thereby releasing lower forms of myo-inositol phosphates and inorganic phosphate. Addition of phytase to plant-based foods can improve its nutritional value and increase mineral bioavailability by decreasing nutritional effect of phytate. In the present investigation, 43 phytase positive bacteria on PSM plates were isolated from different sources and characterized for phytase activity...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
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