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Jianyu Yang, Naiwen Zhang, Ruxu Gao, Yuyan Zhu, Zhe Zhang, Xiaolong Xu, Jianfeng Wang, Zeliang Li, Xiankui Liu, Zhenhua Li, Jun Li, Jianbin Bi, Chuize Kong
Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) plays a crucial role in the signaling network that controls cellular invasion and motility capability during tumor development. To investigate whether fascin1 plays a crucial role in TGF-β1-facilitated invasion and migration of kidney cancer cells (KCC), real-time PCR and western blotting were used to test the fascin1 expression after TGF-β1 treatment (10 ng/ml) in 769-P and OSRC cells. Fascin1 was silenced using the small interfering RNA (siRNA) technique. Cytoskeleton staining was used to test the change of Cytoskeleton...
May 14, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Muhamed Yusuf Shahul Hamid, Sugeng Triwahyono, Aishah Abdul Jalil, Nurfatehah Wahyuny Che Jusoh, Siti Maryam Izan, Tuan Amran Tuan Abdullah
Nickel (Ni), cobalt (Co), and zinc (Zn) loaded on fibrous silica KCC-1 was investigated for CO2 methanation reactions. Ni/KCC-1 exhibits the highest catalyst performance with a CH4 formation rate of 33.02 × 10-2 molCH4 molmetal -1 s-1 , 1.77 times higher than that of Co/KCC-1 followed by Zn/KCC-1 and finally the parent KCC-1. A pyrrole adsorption FTIR study reveals shifting of perturbed N-H stretching decreasing slightly with the addition of metal oxide, suggesting that the basic sites of catalyst were inaccessible due to metal oxide deposition...
May 10, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
Longjiang Ding, Siyu Chen, Wei Zhang, Yinglu Zhang, Xu-Dong Wang
A fully reversible optical sensor for hydrogen peroxide with fast response is presented. The sensor was fabricated by in-situ growing ultra-small platinum nanoparticles (PtNPs) inside the pores of fibrous silica particles (KCC-1). The nanocomposite was then embedded into a hydrogel matrix and form a sensor layer, the immobilized PtNPs can catalytically convert hydrogen peroxide into molecular oxygen, which is measured via luminescent quenching based oxygen sensor underneath. Owing to the high porosity and permeability of KCC-1 and high local concentration of PtNPs, the sensor exhibits fast response (less than 1 min) and full reversibility...
May 9, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
Lijie Wang, Jinping Xu, Chao Wang, Jiaojian Wang
Mounting studies have demonstrated that brain functions are determined by its external functional connectivity patterns. However, how to characterize the voxel-wise similarity of whole brain functional connectivity pattern is still largely unknown. In this study, we introduced a new method called functional connectivity homogeneity (FcHo) to delineate the voxel-wise similarity of whole brain functional connectivity patterns. FcHo was defined by measuring the whole brain functional connectivity patterns similarity of a given voxel with its nearest 26 neighbors using Kendall's coefficient concordance (KCC)...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Panying Wang, Jielan Li, Xiangyu Wang, Guang-Yao Wu, Deepa Thapa
OBJECTIVE: Perinatal HIV-infected (PHIV+) adolescents survive longer with the use of readily found combination antiretroviral therapy(cART), however, they still have the risk of developing cognitive deficits. The paper aims to explore the brain functional changes in asymptomatic PHIV+ adolescents with cART based on the resting-state functional MRI (rs-fMRI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: rs-fMRI was performed on 20 PHIV+ adolescents and 28 PHIV- controls to evaluate the regional homogeneity (ReHo) in different brain regions by calculating the Kendall harmonious coefficient(KCC)...
May 8, 2018: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
Zhen Li, Harish Jangra, Quan Chen, Peter Mayer, Armin R Ofial, Hendrik Zipse, Herbert Mayr
The kinetics of epoxide formation by Darzens condensation of aliphatic ketones 1 with arylsulfonyl-substituted chloromethyl anions 2 (ArSO2 CHCl- ) have been determined photometrically in DMSO solution at 20 °C. The reactions proceed via nucleophilic attack of the carbanions at the carbonyl group to give intermediate halohydrin anions 4, which subsequently cyclize with formation of the oxiranes 3. Protonation of the reaction mixture obtained in THF solution at low temperature allowed the intermediates to be trapped and the corresponding halohydrins 4-H to be isolated...
April 16, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Carlo Brugnara
Cell dehydration is a distinguishing characteristic of sickle cell disease and an important contributor to disease pathophysiology. Due to the unique dependence of Hb S polymerization on cellular Hb S concentration, cell dehydration promotes polymerization and sickling. In double heterozygosis for Hb S and C (SC disease) dehydration is the determining factor in disease pathophysiology. Three major ion transport pathways are involved in sickle cell dehydration: the K-Cl cotransport (KCC), the Gardos channel (KCNN4) and Psickle, the polymerization induced membrane permeability, most likely mediated by the mechano-sensitive ion channel PIEZO1...
2018: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
Halima W M Al Balushi, David C Rees, John N Brewin, Anke Hannemann, John S Gibson
Red cells from patients with sickle cell anemia (SCA) are under greater oxidative challenge than those from normal individuals. We postulated that oxidants generated by xanthine oxidase (XO) and hypoxanthine (HO) contribute to the pathogenesis of SCA through altering solute permeability. Sickling, activities of the main red cell dehydration pathways (Psickle , Gardos channel, and KCl cotransporter [KCC]), and cell volume were measured at 100, 30, and 0 mmHg O2 , together with deoxygenation-induced nonelectrolyte hemolysis...
March 2018: Physiological Reports
Sam W Henderson, Stefanie Wege, Matthew Gilliham
Genomes of unicellular and multicellular green algae, mosses, grasses and dicots harbor genes encoding cation-chloride cotransporters (CCC). CCC proteins from the plant kingdom have been comparatively less well investigated than their animal counterparts, but proteins from both plants and animals have been shown to mediate ion fluxes, and are involved in regulation of osmotic processes. In this review, we show that CCC proteins from plants form two distinct phylogenetic clades (CCC1 and CCC2). Some lycophytes and bryophytes possess members from each clade, most land plants only have members of the CCC1 clade, and green algae possess only the CCC2 clade...
February 6, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Zhiyong Bai, Jianlong Wang, Qi Yang
Sulfonamide antibiotics are ubiquitous pollutants in aquatic environments due to their large production and extensive application. In this paper, the iron doped fibrous-structured silica (KCC-1) nanospheres (Fe-KCC-1) was prepared, characterized, and applied as a catalyst for catalytic ozonation of sulfamethazine (SMT). The effects of ozone dosage, catalyst dosage, and initial concentration of SMT were examined. The experimental results showed that Fe-KCC-1 had large surface area (464.56 m2 g-1 ) and iron particles were well dispersed on the catalyst...
April 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Harshad Devarbhavi, Mallikarjun Patil, Vishnu V Reddy, Rajvir Singh, Tarun Joseph, Deepak Ganga
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Drugs producing acute liver failure (ALF) are uncommon and vary geographically. Here we review the implicated drugs, clinical features, laboratory characteristics and outcome of patients with drug-induced ALF (DIALF). We analysed the predictors of mortality and their relationship with MELD, King's College criteria (KCC) and ALFSG prognostic index. METHODS: We identified DIALF patients from our drug-induced liver injury (DILI) registry (1997-2017)...
December 9, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
Shabbir Lobo, Guang Yan
Current topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) showed marginal efficacy in treatment of musculoskeletal disorders due to their fast clearance by skin blood flow and thus little direct penetration into the underlying muscle and joint tissues. Using ketoprofen (Kt) as a model NSAID and converting it to a cationic ester prodrug ketoprofen choline chloride (KCC), this study was to investigate the iontophoresis delivery of the prodrug KCC for improving the drug retention in the skin and the direct penetration into underlying tissues...
January 15, 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Emlyn J Resetarits, Sara E Cathey, Mathew A Leibold
Although the influence of regional processes on local patches is well studied, the influence of local patches and their spatial arrangement on regional processes is likely to be complex. One interesting idea is the keystone community concept (KCC); this posits that there may be some patches that have a disproportionately large effect on the metacommunity compared to other patches. We experimentally test the KCC by using replicate protist microcosm metacommunities with single-patch removals. Removing single patches had no effect on average community richness, evenness and biomass of our metacommunities, but did cause metacommunities to be assembled significantly less by local environmental conditions and more by spatial effects related to stochastic factors...
January 2018: Ecology
Anita Punia, N Siva Siddaiah, Saurabh K Singh
We present here the results of the study on metal pollution by identifying source, abundance and distribution in soil and tailings of Khetri copper complex (KCC) mines, Rajasthan India. The region is highly contaminated by copper (Cu) with higher values in the soil near overburden material (1224 mg/kg) and tailings (111 mg/kg). The average Cu (231 mg/kg) concentration of soil is ~9, 5 and 32 times higher than upper crust, world average shale (WAS) and local background soil (LS), respectively. However this reaches to ~82, 46 and 280 times higher in case of tailing when compared...
November 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Ilavenil Soundharrajan, Da Hye Kim, Srigopalram Srisesharam, Palaniselvam Kuppusamy, Hyung Soo Park, Yong Hee Yoon, Won Ho Kim, Young Gil Song, Ki Choon Choi
The present study aimed to investigate the efficacy of customised Lactobacillus plantarum KCC-10, KCC-19 and K-46 on nutrient composition and fermentation quality of low moisture Italian ryegrass (IRG) forage. An addition of customised bacterial inoculants (CBI) did not affect the nutrient compositions and digestibility rates of haylage. The lactic acid content was higher in CBI-inoculated haylage, whereas the amount of acetic acid and butyric acid production was significantly reduced than the control. CBI-inoculated haylage exhibited higher numbers of bacterial colonies that reduced the pH of the haylage...
October 2017: 3 Biotech
Ayan Maity, Vivek Polshettiwar
Morphology-controlled nanomaterials such as silica play a crucial role in the development of technologies for addressing challenges in the fields of energy, environment, and health. After the discovery of Stöber silica, followed by that of mesoporous silica materials, such as MCM-41 and SBA-15, a significant surge in the design and synthesis of nanosilica with various sizes, shapes, morphologies, and textural properties has been observed in recent years. One notable invention is dendritic fibrous nanosilica, also known as KCC-1...
October 23, 2017: ChemSusChem
Cynthia Howard, Barbara Di Eugenio, Pamela Jordan, Sandra Katz
Peer interaction has been found to be conducive to learning in many settings. Knowledge co-construction (KCC) has been proposed as one explanatory mechanism. However, KCC is a theoretical construct that is too abstract to guide the development of instructional software that can support peer interaction. In this study, we present an extensive analysis of a corpus of peer dialogs that we collected in the domain of introductory Computer Science. We show that the notion of task initiative shifts correlates with both KCC and learning...
August 2017: Cognitive Science
Brian Roland Larsen, Nanna MacAulay
During neuronal activity in the mammalian brain, the K(+) released into the synaptic space is initially buffered by the astrocytic compartment. In parallel, the extracellular space (ECS) shrinks, presumably due to astrocytic cell swelling. With the Na(+) /K(+) /2Cl(-) cotransporter and the Kir4.1/AQP4 complex not required for the astrocytic cell swelling in the hippocampus, the molecular mechanisms underlying the activity-dependent ECS shrinkage have remained unresolved. To identify these molecular mechanisms, we employed ion-sensitive microelectrodes to measure changes in ECS, [K(+) ]o and [H(+) ]o /pHo during electrical stimulation of rat hippocampal slices...
July 26, 2017: Glia
Halima W M Al Balushi, Yasser Wali, Maha Al Awadi, Taimoora Al-Subhi, David C Rees, John N Brewin, Anke Hannemann, John S Gibson
Studying different sickle cell genotypes may throw light on the pathogenesis of sickle cell disease (SCD). Here, the clinical profile, red cell sickling and K+ permeability in 29 SCD patients (15 patients with severe disease and 14 with a milder form) of HbA/S-Oman genotype were analysed. The super sickling nature of this Hb variant was confirmed. The red cell membrane permeability to K+ was markedly abnormal with elevated activities of Psickle , Gardos channel and KCl cotransporter (KCC). Results were consistent with Ca2+ entry and Mg2+ loss via Psickle stimulating Gardos channel and KCC activities...
October 2017: British Journal of Haematology
Anna-Maria Hartmann, Lucie I Pisella, Igor Medina, Hans Gerd Nothwang
Cation Chloride Cotransporters (CCCs) comprise secondary active membrane proteins mainly mediating the symport of cations (Na+, K+) coupled with chloride (Cl-). They are divided into K+-Cl- outward transporters (KCCs), the Na+-K+-Cl- (NKCCs) and Na+-Cl- (NCCs) inward transporters, the cation chloride cotransporter interacting protein CIP1, and the polyamine transporter CCC9. KCCs and N(K)CCs are established in the genome since eukaryotes and metazoans, respectively. Most of the physiological and functional data were obtained from vertebrate species...
2017: PloS One
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