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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290230/cilia-and-ear
#1
Gioia Piatti, Maria Margherita De Santi, Sara Torretta, Lorenzo Pignataro, Daniela Soi, Umberto Ambrosetti
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of otological complications derived from primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) in adulthood. METHODS: Twenty-three patients with diagnosed PCD underwent medical history aimed at recording the presence of ear, nose, and throat manifestations (ENT) and any surgical treatments. The ENT objectivity was annotated, and then patients were subjected to audiometric test, tympanometry, registration of otoacoustic emission, and vestibular evaluation...
April 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283791/balloon-eustachian-tuboplasty-in-children
#2
A Leichtle, D Hollfelder, B Wollenberg, K-L Bruchhage
Endonasal ballon dilatation of the Eustachian tube (BET) is a promising treatment for Eustachian tube dysfunction with encouraging results over the last years in adults. In addition, in children, single studies demonstrated promising results, but revealed the necessity for broader and additional studies. Our retrospective analysis presents outcomes with BET in children with chronic obstructive dysfunction of the Eustachian tube, showing resistance to the conventional therapy after adenotomy with paracentesis or grommets (ventilation tubes)...
March 10, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244843/a-simple-diagnostic-scale-based-on-the-analysis-and-screening-of-clinical-parameters-in-paediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-hypopnea-syndrome
#3
D Wu, X Li, X Guo, J Qin, S Li
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to develop a simple and accurate method to diagnose paediatric obstructive sleep apnoea hypopnea syndrome. METHODS: A total of 311 children with suspected paediatric obstructive sleep apnoea hypopnea syndrome were included in the study. Multiple clinical parameters, including sex, age, body mass index, history of snoring or gasping, history of nasal obstruction, history of running nose, palatine tonsil size, adenoid to nasopharynx ratio, and tympanogram type, were compared with polysomnography results using relevant correlation and regression analyses...
April 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167017/hearing-sensitivity-in-adults-with-a-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate-after-two-stage-palatoplasty
#4
I F P M Kappen, J B S Schreinemakers, K P Q Oomen, D Bittermann, M Kon, C C Breugem, A B Mink van der Molen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate long-term hearing and middle ear status in patients treated for a unilateral complete cleft lip and palate (UCLP) by two-stage palatoplasty. METHODS: Forty-nine UCLP patients aged 17 years and older were included in this retrospective study. Patients were invited for a multidisciplinary long-term follow-up of their treatment at a tertiary center for craniofacial surgery in the Netherlands. ENT assessment included tympanometry and pure-tone audiometry...
March 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167007/sinuclean-nebules-treatment-in-children-suffering-from-otitis-media-with-effusion
#5
A Varricchio, A De Lucia, A M Varricchio, A Della Volpe, N Mansi, V Pastore, G Ciprandi
OBJECTIVE: Otitis media with effusion (OME) is an ear disorder defined by the presence of fluid in the middle ear without signs or symptoms of acute infection. The current randomized, double-blind, controlled study aimed to evaluate whether Sinuclean Nebules treatment, administered by nasal douche (Rinowash), could induce ear healing better than isotonic saline in children with OME. METHODS: The study was randomized, double-blind, and controlled. Group A (30 children) was treated with Sinuclean Nebules 45 and Group B (31 children) was treated with isotonic saline; both compounds were administered by nasal nebulization with Rinowash nasal douche twice/day in the morning and in the evening for 10 days, followed by a one-week suspension, and after by a second course as the first...
March 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141649/values-range-of-tympanometric-gradient-in-otitis-media-with-effusion
#6
Sertac Duzer, Oner Sakallioglu, Abdulvahap Akyigit, Cahit Polat, Hasan Cetiner, Nihat Susaman
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to establish how reliable a given tympanogram is in predicting the presence or absence of a middle ear effusion, and to provide new views for the diagnostic information of tympanometry. The use of tympanometric gradient in addition to static admittance is the focus of this study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors enrolled 146 female and 129 male patients. The participants were allocated into groups as follow: Group A1 consisted of 50 healthy children...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103655/temporomandibular-joint-disorders-as-a-cause-of-aural-fullness
#7
Yongxin Peng
Objectives: Temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD) are often associated with aural manifestations. However, it is not clear whether aural fullness could be induced by TMD. The purpose was to investigate the TMD and effectiveness of TMD treatments in patients with mainly or exclusively aural fullness complaint. Methods: One hundred and twelve patients, who had aural fullness as the main or sole complaint, presented to the Otolaryngology Department, PLA Army General Hospital, Beijing, China, between January 2010 and January 2015...
January 21, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045835/normative-wideband-reflectance-equivalent-admittance-at-the-tympanic-membrane-and-acoustic-stapedius-reflex-threshold-in-adults
#8
M Patrick Feeney, Douglas H Keefe, Lisa L Hunter, Denis F Fitzpatrick, Angela C Garinis, Daniel B Putterman, Garnett P McMillan
OBJECTIVES: Wideband acoustic immittance (WAI) measures such as pressure reflectance, parameterized by absorbance and group delay, equivalent admittance at the tympanic membrane (TM), and acoustic stapedius reflex threshold (ASRT) describe middle ear function across a wide frequency range, compared with traditional tests employing a single frequency. The objective of this study was to obtain normative data using these tests for a group of normal-hearing adults and investigate test-retest reliability using a longitudinal design...
December 30, 2016: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995276/seasonal-differences-of-tympanogram-and-middle-ear-findings-in-children
#9
S Knopke, A Böttcher, P Chadha, H Olze, F Bast
BACKGROUND: It is a known fact that bacterial or viral acute otitis media occurs more frequently in the winter months. Only a few older studies on seasonal differences in middle ear findings are available. These studies are based solely on tympanography, without correlation to intraoperative middle ear findings. This study addresses the question of whether seasonal differences can be found in the preoperative tympanogram and in the corresponding intraoperative findings in children with chronic middle ear problems...
December 19, 2016: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957560/auditory-and-nonauditory-effects-of-ultrasonic-scaler-use-and-its-role-in-the-development-of-permanent-hearing-loss
#10
Aditi Chopra, Betsy S Thomas, Kishan Mohan, Karthik Sivaraman
PURPOSE: To evaluate the negative auditory and non-auditory effects developed immediately after using ultrasonic scalers and their potential role in the development of permanent hearing loss. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The auditory functions of 60 dental clinicians were evaluated with the pure tone audiometry test (PTA), tympanogram and the otoacoustic emission test (OAE) before and immediately after using ultrasonic scalers. The paired t-test was used to evaluate the difference in the pre- and post-exposure recordings for all three tests...
2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942601/high-frequency-tympanometry-1-000-hz-for-neonates-with-normal-and-abnormal-transient-evoked-otoacoustic-emissions
#11
Maryam Emadi, Mohammad Rezaei, Morteza Hamidi Nahrani, Masoud Bolandi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This paper aimed at evaluating the characteristics of high-frequency (1,000 Hz) acoustic admittance (ya) for the neonates with transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAE) as either pass or refer group. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Using a 1,000 Hz probe tone, 297neonates (152 male, 145 female aged 0-104 days old) were evaluated. Tympanometric parameters admittance value at +200 dapa, middle ear admittance, and tympanometric peak pressure were calculated for each tympanogram...
December 2016: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904919/-seasonal-differences-of-tympanogram-and-middle-ear-findings-in-children-german-version
#12
S Knopke, A Böttcher, P Chadha, H Olze, F Bast
BACKGROUND: It is a known fact that bacterial or viral acute otitis media occurs more frequently in the winter months. Only a few older studies on seasonal differences in middle ear findings are available. These studies are based solely on tympanography, without correlation to intraoperative middle ear findings. This study addresses the question of whether seasonal differences can be found in the preoperative tympanogram and in the corresponding intraoperative findings in children with chronic middle ear problems...
November 30, 2016: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873023/therapeutic-efficacy-of-azithromycin-and-acetylcysteine-in-chronic-otitis-media-with-effusion
#13
Irena Babić, Tomislav Baudoin, Robert Trotić, Vladimir Bedeković
Otitis media with effusion (OME) is a common disease in childhood. There is no consensus on the optimal therapeutic option for OME. Considering the known efficacy of acetylcysteine (AC) and azithromycin (AZ) in the treatment of middle ear mucosa, the aim of the study was to assess their efficacy in the management of chronic OME. The study included 90 children with OME, both ears. They are divided into three groups of 30 children. Group 1 (AC) patients were treated with acetylcysteine per os, 3 × 100 mg, for 3 weeks; group 2 (AZ) with body weight adjusted dose of azithromycin for 3 days; and group 3 (AC + AZ) with a combination of acetylcysteine and azithromycin at doses described above...
November 21, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790571/assessment-of-function-of-eustachian-tube-in-oral-submucous-fibrosis-a-tympanometric-study
#14
Alagiri Chandran, Nalini Aswath
INTRODUCTION: Oral Submucous fibrosis (OSMF) is a chronic insidious disease of oral mucosa that occurs due to areca-nut chewing, consumption of chillies, autoimmunity and genetic predisposition. The disease starts with burning sensation and inability to tolerate spicy foods with gradual reduction in mouth opening due to fibrosis of the oral mucosa. The extension of fibrosis into the naso pharynx leads to reduction in hearing efficiency. It is a potentially malignant lesion and can transform into oral cancer...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761737/middle-ear-adenoma-with-neuroendocrine-differentiation-a%C3%A2-pediatric-case-report
#15
Elisabeth Sterrer, Franz Windisch, Kurt Frey, Klaus Rettensteiner, Benjamin Loader
BACKGROUND: Middle ear adenoma with neuroendocrine differentiation (MEA-ND), also known as carcinoid tumor of the middle ear, is an extremely rare neoplasm, especially when located within the tympanic cavity. To the best of our knowledge, this represents the first pediatric case of a MEA-ND described in Europe. Excluding the present case, only three other pediatric cases of this disease have been published globally. CASE REPORT: We report on a 15-year-old female patient who presented with conductive hearing loss of the right ear...
October 19, 2016: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627838/tympanometric-measurements-in-conscious-sheep-a-diagnostic-tool-for-pre-clinical-middle-ear-implant-studies
#16
Friederike Pohl, Gerrit Paasche, Thomas Lenarz, Robert Schuon
OBJECTIVE: To investigate and establish the use of tympanometry in conscious sheep to provide a means of objective assessment of tympanic membrane integrity, middle ear ventilation and functioning of the Eustachian tube (ET). DESIGN: After conditioning the sheep for four weeks, tympanometric measurements at 226 Hz were carried out weekly for 13 weeks. Before measurements, the external ear canal had been cleaned. Resultant curves were classified according to human reference values...
January 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27577883/middle-ear-ventilation-status-postoperatively-after-translabyrinthine-resection-of-vestibular-schwannoma-with-mastoid-obliteration-and-eustachian-tube-occlusion-is-the-eustachian-tube-enough-to-ventilate-the-middle-ear-without-the-mastoid-air-cell-system
#17
James Belyea, Brandon Wickens, Manohar Bance
BACKGROUND: Gas pressure balance is essential for maintaining normal middle ear function. The mucosal surfaces of the middle ear, the mastoid air cell system (MACS), and the Eustachian tube (ET) play a critical role in this process; however, the extent that each of these factors contributes to overall middle ear ventilation is unknown. The objective of this study was to determine if the ET alone can maintain normal middle ear pressure without the MACS. To do this, we reviewed subjects who had their MACS completely removed with translabyrinthine (TL) surgery for vestibular schwannoma...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563311/tympanometric-findings-among-children-with-adenoid-hypertrophy-in-port-harcourt-nigeria
#18
Chibuike Nwosu, Mathilda Uju Ibekwe, Lucky Obukowho Onotai
Introduction. Adenoid hypertrophy (AH) is a common childhood disorder. Adenoid plays a significant role in the pathogenesis of otitis media with effusion (OME). The aim of this study is to critically appraise the tympanometric finding among children with adenoid hypertrophy in Port Harcourt, Nigeria. Methodology. A Prospective, controlled study carried out among newly diagnosed cases of adenoid hypertrophy at the ENT clinic of the UPTH, between November 2014 and June 2015. Tympanometry was done on each child and each ear was considerably studied as a single entity...
2016: International Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27551851/clinical-functional-and-surgical-findings-in-chronic-bilateral-otitis-media-with-effusion-in-childhood
#19
Svetlana Diacova, Thomas J McDonald, Ion Ababii
We conducted a prospective, observational study over a 3-year period to compare the clinical, functional, and surgical findings in children with chronic bilateral otitis media with effusion who underwent one of three different types of treatment. Our study population was made up of 150 patients-79 boys and 71 girls aged 24 to 84 months-who were randomly assigned to one of the three treatment groups of 50 patients each. One group was treated with myringotomy, tympanostomy tube insertion, and adenoidectomy (T+A group); another with a combination of physical conservative treatment and adenoidectomy (P+A group); and the third with physical conservative treatment alone (P-only group)...
August 2016: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27518207/air-bone-gaps-contribute-to-functional-hearing-preservation-in-cochlear-implantation
#20
Jameson K Mattingly, Kristin M Uhler, Stephen P Cass
OBJECTIVE: To examine the incidence and effect of postoperative air-bone gaps in subjects who received cochlear implants for the purpose of hearing preservation. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, multicenter, nonrandomized, repeated measures within subject design. SETTING: Ten tertiary care institutions. PATIENTS: Fifty adults participating in a multicenter clinical trial of the Cochlear Nucleus Hybrid implant system. INTERVENTION(S): Cochlear implantation with Hybrid L24 electrode...
October 2016: Otology & Neurotology
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