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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351047/otologic-disease-following-palatoplasty-in-international-cleft-palate-cohort
#1
Jeff Markey, Rebecca Maine, Kimberly Daniels, Emily Yang Yu, George Gregory, William Hoffman, Jorge Palacios
OBJECTIVE: Study the prevalence of otologic disease in a pediatric post-palatoplasty population with no prior ear tube placement in resource-deprived countries and assess patient characteristics associated with these abnormal results. DESIGN: Retrospective data review. PARTICIPANTS: Ecuadorian and Chinese children identified during humanitarian cleft lip and palate repair trips with cleft palates undergoing palatoplasty from 2007 to 2010. INTERVENTIONS: Tympanometry and otoacoustic emission (OAE) testing performed following palatoplasty...
February 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336126/effects-of-smoking-on-eustachian-tube-and-hearing
#2
Matteo Pezzoli, Denise Lofaro, Alessandro Oliva, Monica Orione, Daniela Cupi, Andrea Albera, Guido Bongioannini, Roberto Albera
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of tobacco use on the Eustachian tube and inner ear function. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study. SUBJECTS AND SETTINGS: Thirty-one nonsmoking volunteers and 34 smoking subjects recruited in an University Hospital, submitted to an audiological evaluation including pure tone audiometry, basal tympanogram, stapedial reflexes analysis, and nine-step eustachian tube (ET) function test...
December 1, 2017: International Tinnitus Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336124/masking-treatment-and-its-effect-on-tinnitus-parameters
#3
Ismail Aytac, Elif Baysal, Secaattin Gulsen, Koray Tumuklu, Cengiz Durucu, Lütfi Semih Mumbuc, MUzaffer Kanlikama
OBJECTIVE: Tinnitus is described as the perception of sound without any external acoustic stimulation. Any pathology of auditory pathways or any system of the human body may result with tinnitus. The pathophysiology of tinnitus accompanying the disorders of auditory system is not fully understood and there is not any particular effective treatment method has been specified. Tinnitus masking therapy has been reported as an effective treatment modality in the treatment of tinnitus. In this study, the results of tinnitus masking treatment on the parameters were evaluated prospectively...
December 1, 2017: International Tinnitus Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299505/utility-of-adjunctive-procedures-with-balloon-dilation-of-the-eustachian-tube
#4
Yehia Ashry, Kosuke Kawai, Dennis Poe
Objective: To assess the role and effect of concomitant adjunctive procedures when combined with balloon dilation of the Eustachian tube (BDET), including a new technique for treating obstructive disease within the bony Eustachian tube (ET). Study Design: Retrospective case series. Setting: Tertiary medical center. Subjects: Adults with persistent (≥2 years): 1) OME or non-fixed TM retraction AND type B or C tympanogram OR 2) Consistent symptoms of barochallenge with flights or diving, all despite medical treatment for ≥6 weeks...
December 2017: Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279727/current-audiological-diagnostics
#5
REVIEW
Sebastian Hoth, Izet Baljić
Today's audiological functional diagnostics is based on a variety of hearing tests, whose large number takes account of the variety of malfunctions of a complex sensory organ system and the necessity to examine it in a differentiated manner and at any age of life. The objective is to identify nature and origin of the hearing loss and to quantify its extent as far as necessary to dispose of the information needed to initiate the adequate medical (conservative or operational) treatment or the provision with technical hearing aids or prostheses...
2017: GMS Current Topics in Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260791/-the-clinical-classification-of-acute-otitis-media-with-special-reference-to-tympanometry
#6
M V Subbotina
We have developed a new clinical classification of acute otitis media (AOM) based on the previously proposed classifications of V.T. Palchun with co-workers (1997) and J. Jeger (1970) in which the letter near the stage of the pathological process roughly corresponds to the type of the tympanogram as follows: stage I (acute tubootitis): A, B, C; stage II (acute catarrhal otitis media): A, B, C; stage III (acute purulent otitis media, perforation stage); stage IV (acute purulent otitis media, post-perforation stage); stage V (resolution of otitis media): A - convalescence or recovery, B1 - exudate present in the tympanic cavity; B2 - persisting perforation; C - block of the auditory tube, O - the development of complications...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260779/-the-relationship-between-the-parameters-of-evoked-otoacoustical-emission-and-tympanometry-in-the-children-born-with-the-extremely-low-body-weight
#7
I V Rakhmanova, I N D'yakonova, A G Matroskin, D Yu Korneev, E V Khaulina
The objective of the present study was to elucidate correlation between the parameters of evoked otoacoustical emission at the distorsion product otoacoustic emissionen frequency (DPOAE) and the results of tympoanometry performed at the probe tone frequencies of 226 Hz and 1 kHz in the children born with the extremely low body weight. The results of the study give evidence of the moderate correlation dependence between the strength of the cochlear acoustic response at DPOAE and the cohlear response amplitude at the frequencies of 2 kHz and 6 kHz from TTP (r=0...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063965/prognostic-and-influencing-factors-of-tinnitus-in-chronic-otitis-media-after-tympanoplasty
#8
Ping Guo, Wenfang Sun, Wuqing Wang
The purpose of this study is to investigate what characteristics of tinnitus in patients with chronic otitis media was reduced after tympanoplasty and to assess the relationship between post-operative tinnitus reduction and pre-operative tinnitus tone, tinnitus duration, post-operative hearing recovery, and tympanogram. Medical records were prospective between March 2013 and May 2016. Audiologic evaluation by pure tone audiometry and acoustic impedance and tinnitus assessment using scores on the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI) was conducted preoperatively and 6 months post-operatively...
October 24, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940574/balloon-dilation-of-the-eustachian-tube-for-dilatory-dysfunction-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Dennis Poe, Vijay Anand, Marc Dean, William H Roberts, Jose Pablo Stolovitzky, Karen Hoffmann, Nathan E Nachlas, Joshua P Light, Mark H Widick, John P Sugrue, C Layton Elliott, Seth I Rosenberg, Paul Guillory, Neil Brown, Charles A Syms, Christopher W Hilton, John T McElveen, Ameet Singh, Raymond L Weiss, Moises A Arriaga, John P Leopold
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To assess balloon dilation of the Eustachian tube with Eustachian tube balloon catheter in conjunction with medical management as treatment for Eustachian tube dilatory dysfunction. STUDY DESIGN: In this prospective, multicenter, randomized, controlled trial, we assigned, in a 2:1 ratio, patients age 22 years and older with Eustachian tube dilatory dysfunction refractory to medical therapy to undergo balloon dilation of the Eustachian tube with balloon catheter in conjunction with medical management or medical management alone...
September 20, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923429/frequency-of-auditory-involvement-and-of-associated-factors-in-patients-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#10
Adriana Ivonne Céspedes Cruz, Myriam Méndez Núñez, Eunice Solís Vallejo, Maritza Zeferino Cruz, Alfonso Ragnar Torres Jiménez, Verónica Ocampo Sánchez, Beatriz Flores Meza, Norma Quintana Ruiz
INTRODUCTION: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by the presence of arthritis in children under 16 years of age for more than 6 weeks in the absence of any other known cause. The extra-articular manifestations, especially in the audiovestibular system, are related to the involvement of the joints of the ossicular chain as a result of the inflammatory process in the synovium. Previous clinical studies in pediatric patients have shown conductive or sensorineural hearing loss...
September 8, 2017: Reumatología Clinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790141/prognostic-factors-for-treatment-failure-in-acute-otitis-media
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Paula A Tähtinen, Miia K Laine, Aino Ruohola
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Antimicrobial treatment is effective in the management of acute otitis media (AOM), but approximately half of the children may recover without antimicrobial agents. By identifying patients who may not require antimicrobial treatment for the management of AOM, the use of antimicrobial agents could be substantially reduced. Our aim was to identify subgroups of children with AOM who would benefit most from antimicrobial treatment and children who could be suitable for initial observation...
September 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758602/eustachian-tube-dysfunction-leading-to-middle-ear-pathology-in-patients-on-chronic-mechanical-ventilation
#12
O Ilan, E-L Marcus, Y Cohen, T Farkash, R Levy, A Sasson, C Adelman
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of and risk factors for Eustachian tube dysfunction leading to middle-ear pathology in patients on chronic mechanical ventilation via tracheostomy tube. METHODS: A total of 40 patients on chronic ventilation were included in a prospective cohort study. Middle-ear status was determined by tympanometry. Tympanograms were categorised as types A, B or C; types B and C were defined as middle-ear pathology. RESULTS: In all, 57 ears of 40 patients were examined...
September 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750130/prevalence-of-hearing-loss-among-children-9-to-11-years-old-the-generation-r-study
#13
Carlijn M P le Clercq, Gijs van Ingen, Liesbet Ruytjens, André Goedegebure, Henriette A Moll, Hein Raat, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Rob J Baatenburg de Jong, Marc P van der Schroeff
Importance: Hearing loss (HL), a major cause of disability globally, negatively affects both personal and professional life. Objective: To describe the prevalence of sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) among a population-based cohort of 9- to 11-year-old children, and to examine potential associations between purported risk factors and SNHL in early childhood. Design, Setting, and Participants: The study was among the general, nonclinical, pediatric community within the city of Rotterdam, the Netherlands, and was conducted between 2012 and 2015 as a cross-sectional assessment within the Generation R Study, a population-based longitudinal cohort study from fetal life until adulthood...
September 1, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744788/extended-high-frequency-audiometry-as-early-detection-of-hearing-loss-in-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-syndrome
#14
José Luis Treviño González, Janett Riega Torres, Yolisa Hinojosa Ríos, Mario Jesús Villegas González, Marco A Mendez Saenz, German A Soto-Galindo
The aim of the study is to evaluate hearing function by extended high-frequency audiometry in primary Sjögren Syndrome (pSS) and to correlate it with disease activity. All patients diagnosed with pSS were recruited within 1 year. Patients underwent otologic evaluation, extended high-frequency audiometry, tympanogram, and the ESSPRI scale evaluation. A total of 63 (60 female and 3 male) patients with mean age 49.5 ± 9.9 years with pSS were included. We detected a hearing loss prevalence of 95.2% (60 patients) in both ears in very high frequencies (10000-16,000 Hz)...
October 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642679/assessment-of-ipsilateral-efferent-effects-in-human-via-ecochg
#15
Eric Verschooten, Elizabeth A Strickland, Nicolas Verhaert, Philip X Joris
Development of electrophysiological means to assess the medial olivocochlear (MOC) system in humans is important to further our understanding of the function of that system and for the refinement and validation of psychoacoustical and otoacoustic emission methods which are thought to probe the MOC. Based on measurements in anesthetized animals it has been hypothesized that the MOC-reflex (MOCR) can enhance the response to signals in noise, and several lines of evidence support such a role in humans. A difficulty in these studies is the isolation of efferent effects...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576543/pycnodysostosis-at-otorhinolaryngology
#16
Tekin Baglam, Adem Binnetoglu, Muhammet Fatih Topuz, Nilay Baş Ikizoglu, Refika Ersu, Serap Turan, Murat Sarı
AIM: Pycnodysostosis is a rare autosomal, recessive, skeletal dysplasia caused by a mutation in the cathepsin k gene. Pycnodysostosis is characterized by short stature, characteristic facial appearance (delayed closure of fontanelles and cranial sutures, mandibular hypoplasia and angle disorder, blue sclera), and acroosteolysis of the distal phalanges. Our aim was to describe the otorhinolaryngologic findings, differential diagnoses, various treatment options, and followup in eight cases of pycnodysostosis...
April 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537107/clinical-and-audiological-short-term-and-long-term-outcomes-of-fat-graft-myringoplasty
#17
Johan Knutsson, Annika Kahlin, Magnus von Unge
INTRODUCTION: Results of fat graft myringoplasty are often reported with only short-term follow-up. Audiological results are less commonly reported, as well as long-term follow-up results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred consecutive patients scheduled for fat graft myringoplasty were included in a prospective cohort study. Clinical and audiological outcomes were assessed at six weeks and one year postoperatively. RESULTS: Perforation sizes ranged from 0...
September 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499293/-current-audiological-diagnostics
#18
Sebastian Hoth, Izet Baljić
Today's audiological functional diagnostics is based on a stock of hearing tests, whose large number takes account of the variety of malfunctions of a complex sensory organ system and the necessity to examine it in a differentiated manner and at any age of life. The objective is to identify nature and origin of the hearing loss and to quantify its extent as far as necessary to dispose of the information needed to initiate the adequate medical (conservative or operational) treatment or the provision with technical hearing aids or prostheses...
April 2017: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468223/values-range-of-tympanometric-gradient-in-otitis-media-with-effusion
#19
Sertac Duzer, Oner Sakallioglu, Abdulvahap Akyigit, Cahit Polat, Hasan Cetiner, Nihat Susaman
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to establish how reliable a given tympanogram is in predicting the presence or absence of a middle ear effusion, and to provide new views for the diagnostic information of tympanometry. The use of tympanometric gradient in addition to static admittance is the focus of this study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors enrolled 146 female and 129 male patients. The participants were allocated into groups as follow: Group A1 consisted of 50 healthy children...
May 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462671/the-impact-of-tympanostomy-tubes-on-speech-and-language-development-in-children-with-cleft-palate
#20
Amber D Shaffer, Matthew D Ford, Sukgi S Choi, Noel Jabbour
Objective Describe the impact of hearing loss, tympanostomy tube placement before palatoplasty, and number of tubes received on speech outcomes in children with cleft palate. Study Design Case series with chart review. Setting Tertiary care children's hospital. Subjects and Methods Records from 737 children born between April 2005 and April 2015 who underwent palatoplasty at a tertiary children's hospital were reviewed. Exclusion criteria were cleft repair at an outside hospital, intact secondary palate, absence of postpalatoplasty speech evaluation, sensorineural or mixed hearing loss, no tubes, first tubes after palatoplasty, or first clinic after 12 months of age...
September 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
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