keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Chromatin aging

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774376/roles-of-heat-shock-factor-1-beyond-the-heat-shock-response
#1
REVIEW
János Barna, Péter Csermely, Tibor Vellai
Various stress factors leading to protein damage induce the activation of an evolutionarily conserved cell protective mechanism, the heat shock response (HSR), to maintain protein homeostasis in virtually all eukaryotic cells. Heat shock factor 1 (HSF1) plays a central role in the HSR. HSF1 was initially known as a transcription factor that upregulates genes encoding heat shock proteins (HSPs), also called molecular chaperones, which assist in refolding or degrading injured intracellular proteins. However, recent accumulating evidence indicates multiple additional functions for HSF1 beyond the activation of HSPs...
May 17, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771950/biophotonic-detection-of-high-order-chromatin-alterations-in-field-carcinogenesis-predicts-risk-of-future-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-pilot-study
#2
Richard Kalman, Andrew Stawarz, David Nunes, Di Zhang, Mart A Dela Cruz, Arpan Mohanty, Hariharan Subramanian, Vadim Backman, Hemant K Roy
PURPOSE: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) results from chronic inflammation/cirrhosis. Unfortunately, despite use of radiological/serological screening techniques, HCC ranks as a leading cause of cancer deaths. Our group has used alterations in high order chromatin as a marker for field carcinogenesis and hence risk for a variety of cancers (including colon, lung, prostate, ovarian, esophageal). In this study we wanted to address whether these chromatin alterations occur in HCC and if it could be used for risk stratification...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767107/effects-of-purified-zearalenone-on-selected-immunological-and-histopathologic-measurements-of-spleen-in-post-weanling-gilts
#3
Peng Chen, Tingjun Liu, Shuzhen Jiang, Zaibin Yang, Libo Huang, Faxiao Liu
The present study was aimed at investigating the adverse effects of dietary zearalenone (ZEA) on the lymphocyte proliferation rate (LPR), interleukin-2 (IL-2), mRNA expressions of pro-inflammatory cytokines, and histopathologic changes of spleen in post-weanling gilts. A total of 20 crossbred piglets (Yorkshire × Landrace × Duroc) with an initial BW of 10.36 ± 1.21 kg (21 d of age) were used in the study. Piglets were fed a basal diet with an addition of 0, 1.1, 2.0, or 3.2 mg/kg purified ZEA for 18 d  ad libitum ...
September 2017: Animal nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764566/laminopathies-mutations-on-single-gene-and-various-human-genetic-diseases
#4
So-Mi Kang, Min-Ho Yoon, Bum-Joon Park
Lamin A and its alternative splicing product Lamin C are the key intermediate filaments (IFs) of the inner nuclear membrane intermediate filament. Lamin A/C forms the inner nuclear mesh with Lamin B and works as a frame with a nuclear shape. In addition to supporting the function of nucleus, nuclear lamins perform important roles such as holding the nuclear pore complex and chromatin. However, mutations on the Lamin A or Lamin B related proteins induce various types of human genetic disorders and diseases including premature aging syndromes, muscular dystrophy, lipodystrophy and neuropathy...
May 16, 2018: BMB Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758565/clinical-and-genetic-analysis-of-a-rare-syndrome-associated-with-neoteny
#5
Richard F Walker, Serban Ciotlos, Qing Mao, Robert Chin, Snezana Drmanac, Nina Barua, Misha R Agarwal, Rebecca Yu Zhang, Zhenyu Li, Michelle Ka Yan Wu, Kevin Sun, Katharine Lee, Staci Nguyen, Jia Sophie Liu, Paolo Carnevali, Radoje Drmanac, Brock A Peters
PurposeWe describe a novel syndrome in seven female patients with extreme developmental delay and neoteny.MethodsAll patients in this study were female, aged 4 to 23 years, were well below the fifth percentile in height and weight, had failed to develop sexually, and lacked the use of language. Karyotype and array chromosome genomic hybridization analysis failed to identify large-scale structural variations. To further understand the underlying cause of disease in these patients, whole-genome sequencing was performed...
April 2018: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747367/-ultrastructure-of-the-lens-anterior-capsule-in-secondary-cataract-associated-with-uveitis-under-an-electron-microscope
#6
M L Yang, L Yang
Objective: To observe the ultrastructure of lens epithelium cells in cataract associated with uveitis. Methods: A cross-sectional study. Seven patients(7 eyes) received phacoemulsification in Peking University First Hospital from August 2016 to March 2017 due to complicated cataract associated with uveitis[2 males and 5 females,with an average age of (49±20) years] and 3 patients of age-related cataract (3 eyes, females, aged 54, 71, 74 years) were enrolled. Anterior capsule samples were collected during surgery...
May 11, 2018: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742888/atypical-teratoid-rhabdoid-tumour-from-tumours-to-therapies
#7
REVIEW
Elizabeth Anne Richardson, Ben Ho, Annie Huang
Atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumours (ATRTs) are the most common malignant central nervous system tumours in children ≤1 year of age and represent approximately 1-2% of all pediatric brain tumours. ATRT is a primarily monogenic disease characterized by the bi-allelic loss of the SMARCB1 gene, which encodes the hSNF5 subunit of the SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling complex. Though conventional dose chemotherapy is not effective in most ATRT patients, high dose chemotherapy with autologous stem cell transplant, radiotherapy and/or intrathecal chemotherapy all show significant potential to improve patient survival...
May 2018: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740925/metformin-directly-targets-the-h3k27me3-demethylase-kdm6a-utx
#8
Elisabet Cuyàs, Sara Verdura, Laura Llorach-Pares, Salvador Fernández-Arroyo, Fedra Luciano-Mateo, Noemí Cabré, Jan Stursa, Lukas Werner, Begoña Martin-Castillo, Benoit Viollet, Jiri Neuzil, Jorge Joven, Alfons Nonell-Canals, Melchor Sanchez-Martinez, Javier A Menendez
Metformin, the first drug chosen to be tested in a clinical trial aimed to target the biology of aging per se, has been clinically exploited for decades in the absence of a complete understanding of its therapeutic targets or chemical determinants. We here outline a systematic chemoinformatics approach to computationally predict biomolecular targets of metformin. Using several structure- and ligand-based software tools and reference databases containing 1,300,000 chemical compounds and more than 9,000 binding sites protein cavities, we identified 41 putative metformin targets including several epigenetic modifiers such as the member of the H3K27me3-specific demethylase subfamily, KDM6A/UTX...
May 8, 2018: Aging Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738169/-yam-polysaccharide-improves-sperm-viability-and-protects-sperm-dna-integrity-in-vitro
#9
Mei-Hua Zhang, Zhen-Ya Fang, An-Na Li, Yan-Ping Zhang, Yi Qiu
Objective: To clarify the roles of yam polysaccharide (YPS) in improving sperm viability and protecting sperm DNA integrity in vitro and provide a new approach to the treatment of oligoasthenozoospermia. METHODS: We collected samples by masturbation from 36 normal fertile males aged 27-39 years. Each sample was divided into six groups: blank control or treated with normal saline, vitamin C solution, and YPS solution at low (0.25 mg/ml), medium (1.0 mg/ml) or high concentration (5...
November 2017: Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue, National Journal of Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728458/the-epigenetic-regulator-sirt7-guards-against-mammalian-cellular-senescence-induced-by-ribosomal-dna-instability
#10
Silvana Paredes, Maria Angulo-Ibanez, Luisa Tasselli, Scott M Carlson, Wei Zheng, Tie-Mei Li, Katrin F Chua
In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, genomic instability in rDNA repeat sequences is an underlying cause of cell aging and is suppressed by the chromatin-silencing factor Sir2. In humans, rDNA instability is observed in cancers and premature aging syndromes, but its underlying mechanisms and functional consequences remain unclear. Here, we uncovered a pivotal role of sirtuin 7 (SIRT7), a mammalian Sir2 homolog, in guarding against rDNA instability and show that this function of SIRT7 protects against senescence in primary human cells...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727617/genome-wide-control-of-heterochromatin-replication-by-the-telomere-capping-protein-trf2
#11
Aaron Mendez-Bermudez, Liudmyla Lototska, Serge Bauwens, Marie-Josèphe Giraud-Panis, Olivier Croce, Karine Jamet, Agurtzane Irizar, Macarena Mowinckel, Stephane Koundrioukoff, Nicolas Nottet, Genevieve Almouzni, Mare-Paule Teulade-Fichou, Michael Schertzer, Mylène Perderiset, Arturo Londoño-Vallejo, Michelle Debatisse, Eric Gilson, Jing Ye
Hard-to-replicate regions of chromosomes (e.g., pericentromeres, centromeres, and telomeres) impede replication fork progression, eventually leading, in the event of replication stress, to chromosome fragility, aging, and cancer. Our knowledge of the mechanisms controlling the stability of these regions is essentially limited to telomeres, where fragility is counteracted by the shelterin proteins. Here we show that the shelterin subunit TRF2 ensures progression of the replication fork through pericentromeric heterochromatin, but not centromeric chromatin...
May 3, 2018: Molecular Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725455/alternative-lengthening-of-telomeres-phenotype-and-loss-of-atrx-expression-in-sarcomas
#12
REVIEW
Xiaolei Ren, Chao Tu, Zhenchu Tang, Ruofei Ma, Zhihong Li
Sarcoma is a rare and heterogeneous type of cancer with an early mean onset age and a poor prognosis. However, its genetic basis remains unclear. A series of recent genomic studies in sarcomas have identified the occurrence of mutations in the α-thalassemia/mental retardation syndrome X-linked (ATRX) gene. The ATRX protein belongs to the SWI/SNF family of chromatin remodeling proteins, which are frequently associated with α-thalassemia syndrome. Cancer cells depend on telomerase or the alternative lengthening of telomeres (ALT) pathway to overcome replicative programmed mortality...
May 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725441/forkhead-box-n1-inhibits-the-progression-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-and-serves-as-a-tumor-suppressor
#13
Xiaojian Ji, Yan Ji, Wenqing Wang, Xinmei Xu
Forkhead box N1 (FOXN1) belongs to the FOX family of transcription factors, which comprises a diverse group of winged-helix proteins. FOXN1 is a ubiquitously expressed member that has been implicated in the embryo development, metabolism, aging and cancer. However, little is known regarding the role of FOXN1 in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The aim of the study was to investigate the function of FOXN1 in NSCLC and examine the relevant mechanism. In the present study, using reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction, western blotting, transwell assay, MTT assay, luciferase report assy, it was identified that knockdown of FOXN1 increased the proliferation of A549 and H1299 cells, while overexpression of FOXN1 evidently suppressed the cell growth...
May 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722544/histone-acetylation-maps-in-aged-mice-developmentally-exposed-to-lead-epigenetic-drift-and-alzheimer-related-genes
#14
Aseel Eid, Syed Waseem Bihaqi, Christopher Hemme, John M Gaspar, Ronald P Hart, Nasser H Zawia
AIM: Early life exposure to lead (Pb) has been shown to increase late life biomarkers involved in Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology. Here, we tested the hypothesis that latent over expression of AD-related genes may be regulated through histone activation pathways. METHODS: Chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing was used to map the histone activation mark (H3K9Ac) to the mouse genome in developmentally Pb exposed mice on postnatal days 20, 270 and 700. RESULTS: Exposure to Pb resulted in a global downregulation of H3K9Ac across the lifespan; except in genes associated with the Alzheimer pathway...
May 3, 2018: Epigenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719560/cytomorphological-features-as-predictors-of-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-mutation-status-in-lung-adenocarcinoma
#15
Saniya Sharma, Nalini Gupta, Navneet Singh, Rini Chaturvedi, Digambar Behera, Arvind Rajwanshi
Background: Epidermal growth factor receptor mutation-positive ( EGFR-p ) lung adenocarcinomas are sensitive to tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Although histopathological subtype is an independent predictor of mutation status, there is a paucity of data on the cytomorphological features correlating with the EGFR mutation status. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine whether certain cytomorphological features correlate with EGFR mutation in lung adenocarcinoma. Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis of 48 lung adenocarcinoma cases diagnosed on fine needle aspiration cytology with known EGFR mutation status was conducted...
2018: CytoJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709672/of-pleiotropy-and-trajectories-does-the-tgfb-pathway-link-childhood-asthma-and-copd
#16
Avery DeVries, Donata Vercelli
The study of developmental trajectories is where epigenetics truly shines. The "epi" in epi-genetics captures the fact that although epigenetic processes also preside over the maintenance and termination of gene expression, the unfolding and remodeling of chromatin architecture are especially critical to prepare genes for regulated transcription. These properties imply being on a path, a trajectory to events that will occur later on thanks to epigenetic programming. Thus, epigenetics is about timed and timely events...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706550/single-cell-chromatin-modification-profiling-reveals-increased-epigenetic-variations-with-aging
#17
Peggie Cheung, Francesco Vallania, Hayley C Warsinske, Michele Donato, Steven Schaffert, Sarah E Chang, Mai Dvorak, Cornelia L Dekker, Mark M Davis, Paul J Utz, Purvesh Khatri, Alex J Kuo
Post-translational modifications of histone proteins and exchanges of histone variants of chromatin are central to the regulation of nearly all DNA-templated biological processes. However, the degree and variability of chromatin modifications in specific human immune cells remain largely unknown. Here, we employ a highly multiplexed mass cytometry analysis to profile the global levels of a broad array of chromatin modifications in primary human immune cells at the single-cell level. Our data reveal markedly different cell-type- and hematopoietic-lineage-specific chromatin modification patterns...
April 21, 2018: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706028/emerging-concepts-on-the-role-of-epigenetics-in-the-relationships-between-nutrition-and-health
#18
REVIEW
P J Stover, W P T James, A Krook, C Garza
Understanding the physiological and metabolic underpinnings that confer individual differences in responses to diet and diet-related chronic disease is essential to advance the field of nutrition. This includes elucidating the differences in gene expression that are mediated through programming of the genome through epigenetic chromatin modifications. Epigenetic landscapes are influenced by age, genetics, toxins and other environmental factors, including dietary exposures and nutritional status. Epigenetic modifications influence transcription and genome stability, are established during development with life-long consequences...
April 29, 2018: Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703891/targeting-of-nat10-enhances-healthspan-in-a-mouse-model-of-human-accelerated-aging-syndrome
#19
Gabriel Balmus, Delphine Larrieu, Ana C Barros, Casey Collins, Monica Abrudan, Mukerrem Demir, Nicola J Geisler, Christopher J Lelliott, Jacqueline K White, Natasha A Karp, James Atkinson, Andrea Kirton, Matt Jacobsen, Dean Clift, Raphael Rodriguez, David J Adams, Stephen P Jackson
Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome (HGPS) is a rare, but devastating genetic disease characterized by segmental premature aging, with cardiovascular disease being the main cause of death. Cells from HGPS patients accumulate progerin, a permanently farnesylated, toxic form of Lamin A, disrupting the nuclear shape and chromatin organization, leading to DNA-damage accumulation and senescence. Therapeutic approaches targeting farnesylation or aiming to reduce progerin levels have provided only partial health improvements...
April 27, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700278/targeting-of-epigenetic-regulators-in-neuroblastoma
#20
REVIEW
Luz Jubierre, Carlos Jiménez, Eric Rovira, Aroa Soriano, Constantino Sábado, Luis Gros, Anna Llort, Raquel Hladun, Josep Roma, Josep Sánchez de Toledo, Soledad Gallego, Miguel F Segura
Approximately 15,000 new cases of pediatric cancer are diagnosed yearly in Europe, with 8-10% corresponding to neuroblastoma, a rare disease with an incidence of 8-9 cases per million children <15 years of age. Although the survival rate for low-risk and intermediate-risk patients is excellent, half of children with high-risk, refractory, or relapsed tumors will be cured, and two-thirds of the other half will suffer major side effects and life-long disabilities. Epigenetic therapies aimed at reversing the oncogenic alterations in chromatin structure and function are an emerging alternative against aggressive tumors that are or will become resistant to conventional treatments...
April 27, 2018: Experimental & Molecular Medicine
keyword
keyword
78135
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"