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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244607/a-survey-of-risk-factors-for-digit-injuries-among-dogs-training-and-competing-in-agility-events
#1
Debra C Sellon, Katherine Martucci, John R Wenz, Denis J Marcellin-Little, Michelle Powers, Kimberley L Cullen
OBJECTIVE To identify potential risk factors for digit injuries in dogs training and competing in agility events. DESIGN Internet-based, retrospective, cross-sectional survey. ANIMALS 1,081 dogs training or competing in agility events. PROCEDURES Data were collected for eligible animals via retrospective surveys distributed electronically to handlers of dogs participating in agility-related activities. Variables evaluated included demographic (handlers) and signalment (dogs) information, physical characteristics of dogs, and injury characteristics...
January 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238076/climatic-suitability-isolation-by-distance-and-river-resistance-explain-genetic-variation-in-a-brazilian-whiptail-lizard
#2
Eliana Faria Oliveira, Pablo Ariel Martinez, Vinícius Avelar São-Pedro, Marcelo Gehara, Frank Thomas Burbrink, Daniel Oliveira Mesquita, Adrian Antonio Garda, Guarino Rinaldi Colli, Gabriel Correa Costa
Spatial patterns of genetic variation can help understand how environmental factors either permit or restrict gene flow and create opportunities for regional adaptations. Organisms from harsh environments such as the Brazilian semiarid Caatinga biome may reveal how severe climate conditions may affect patterns of genetic variation. Herein we combine information from mitochondrial DNA with physical and environmental features to study the association between different aspects of the Caatinga landscape and spatial genetic variation in the whiptail lizard Ameivula ocellifera...
December 14, 2017: Heredity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215042/a-plag1-mutation-contributed-to-stature-recovery-in-modern-cattle
#3
Yuri Tani Utsunomiya, Marco Milanesi, Adam Taiti Harth Utsunomiya, Rafaela Beatriz Pintor Torrecilha, Eui-Soo Kim, Márcio Silva Costa, Tamíris Sayuri Aguiar, Steven Schroeder, Adriana Santana do Carmo, Roberto Carvalheiro, Haroldo Henrique Rezende Neves, Romulo Cláudio Morozini Padula, Thayla Souza Sussai, Ludmilla Balbo Zavarez, Rafael Silva Cipriano, Maria Margareth Theodoro Caminhas, George Hambrecht, Licia Colli, Elisa Eufemi, Paolo Ajmone-Marsan, Deneb Cesana, Marco Sannazaro, Maurizio Buora, Michele Morgante, George Liu, Derek Bickhart, Curtis Paul Van Tassell, Johann Sölkner, Tad Stewart Sonstegard, José Fernando Garcia
The recent evolution of cattle is marked by fluctuations in body size. Height in the Bos taurus lineage was reduced by a factor of ~1.5 from the Neolithic to the Middle Ages, and increased again only during the Early Modern Ages. Using haplotype analysis, we found evidence that the bovine PLAG1 mutation (Q) with major effects on body size, weight and reproduction is a >1,000 years old derived allele that increased rapidly in frequency in Northwestern European B. taurus between the 16th and 18th centuries...
December 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208994/author-correction-the-global-distribution-of-tetrapods-reveals-a-need-for-targeted-reptile-conservation
#4
Uri Roll, Anat Feldman, Maria Novosolov, Allen Allison, Aaron M Bauer, Rodolphe Bernard, Monika Böhm, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Ben Collen, Guarino R Colli, Lital Dabool, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M Doan, Lee L Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Yuval Itescu, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Amir Lewin, Marcio Martins, Erez Maza, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T Nagy, Cristiano de C Nogueira, Olivier S G Pauwels, Daniel Pincheira-Donoso, Gary D Powney, Roberto Sindaco, Oliver Tallowin, Omar Torres-Carvajal, Jean-François Trape, Enav Vidan, Peter Uetz, Philipp Wagner, Yuezhao Wang, C David L Orme, Richard Grenyer, Shai Meiri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2017: Nature Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168204/early-and-medium-term-outcomes-of-alfieri-mitral-valve-repair-in-the-management-of-systolic-anterior-motion-during-septal-myectomy
#5
Richard Collis, Oliver Watkinson, Antonis Pantazis, Maria Tome-Esteban, Perry M Elliott, Christopher G A McGregor
BACKGROUND: This report studies the early and medium-term clinical and echocardiographic outcomes of the Alfieri edge-to-edge mitral valve repair, as adjunctive therapy, to prevent and treat systolic anterior motion (SAM) at the time of septal myectomy (SM) for left ventricular outflow tract obstruction in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. METHODS: From 2009-2015, 11 consecutive patients had a trans-atrial Alfieri repair, to prevent (n = 7) or treat (n = 4) SAM at the time of SM...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Cardiac Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164663/erythromelanosis-follicularis-faciei-et-colli-a-clinicoepidemiologic-study
#6
Tasleem Arif, Mohammad Adil, Syed Suhail Amin, Mohammad Tahseen, Konchok Dorjay, Mohd Mohtashim, Manu Singh, Roopal Bansal, Dinesh Raj
We describe 25 cases of erythromelanosis follicularis faciei et colli from India. The male:female ratio was 5.25:1 and the average age of onset was 12.3 years. The cheeks, preauricular area, and submandibular region were the sites most commonly affected. Keratosis pilaris was seen in 22 (88%) of the patients.
November 21, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150700/prevalence-of-intestinal-parasites-in-companion-dogs-with-diarrhea-in-beijing-china-and-genetic-characteristics-of-giardia-and-cryptosporidium-species
#7
Zhongjia Yu, Yang Ruan, Mengjie Zhou, Siyuan Chen, Yinxin Zhang, Liya Wang, Guan Zhu, Yonglan Yu
Companion animals including dogs are one of the important components in One Health. Parasites may cause not only diseases in pet animals but also many zoonotic diseases infecting humans. In this study, we performed a survey of intestinal parasites in fecal specimens (n = 485) collected from outpatient pet dogs with diarrhea in Beijing, China, for the entire year of 2015 by microscopic examination (all parasites) and SSU rRNA-based nested PCR detection (Giardia and Cryptosporidium). We observed a total of 124 (25...
November 18, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148156/long-term-outcomes-for-different-surgical-strategies-to-treat-left-ventricular-outflow-tract-obstruction-in-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy
#8
Richard Collis, Oliver Watkinson, Constantinos O'Mahony, Oliver P Guttmann, Antonis Pantazis, Maria Tome-Esteban, Victor Tsang, Venkatachalam Chandrasekaran, Christopher G A McGregor, Perry M Elliott
AIMS: Surgical intervention is used to treat dynamic left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO) in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. This study assesses the effect of different surgical strategies on long-term mortality and morbidity. METHODS AND RESULTS: In total, 347 patients underwent surgical intervention for LVOTO (1988-2015). Group A (n = 272) underwent septal myectomy; Group B (n = 33), septal myectomy and mitral valve (MV) repair; Group C (n = 22), myectomy and MV replacement; and Group D (n = 20), MV replacement alone...
November 16, 2017: European Journal of Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145245/case-reports-about-an-overlooked-cause-of-neck-pain-calcific-tendinitis-of-the-longus-colli-case-reports
#9
Yeong-Jin Kim, Jae-Young Park, Ki-Young Choi, Bong-Ju Moon, Jung-Kil Lee
STUDY DESIGN: Case description. OBJECTIVE: Acute calcific tendinitis of the longus colli muscle is a rare clinical entity that causes severe neck pain. This entity is not well recognized due to its nonspecific presentation such as acute neck pain, neck stiffness, and odynophagia. The importance of this disease with a review of the literature is presented. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Acute calcific tendinitis of the longus colli muscle is an inflammatory condition caused by deposition of calcium hydroxyapatite in the superior oblique tendon fibers of the longus colli muscle...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145108/acute-calcific-tendinitis-of-the-longus-colli-muscle-masquerading-as-a-retropharyngeal-abscess-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
Uthman Alamoudi, Ahmed A Al-Sayed, Yasser AlSallumi, Matthew H Rigby, S Mark Taylor, Robert D Hart, Jonathan R B Trites
INTRODUCTION: Acute calcific longus colli tendinitis, also known as retropharyngeal or acute calcific prevertebral tendinitis, is a reactive self-limiting inflammatory response to acute or subacute deposition of amorphous calcium hydroxyapatite crystals in the tendons of the longus colli muscle, anterior to the C1-C2 disk space. CASE PRESENTATION: A 53-year-old man presented with a complaint of neck pain and odynophagia over a few days. Blood test findings showed mild leukocytosis and elevated C-reactive protein level...
November 11, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132368/frequency-of-canine-nt230-del4-mdr1-mutation-in-prone-pure-breeds-their-crosses-and-mongrels-in-israel-insights-from-a-worldwide-comparative-perspective
#11
Yaron Dekel, Yossy Machluf, Aviad Stoler, Arava Aderet, Daniel Baumel, Efrat Kellerman, Yoram Plotsky, Oshrat Noked Partouche, Gal Elhalal, Izhar Ben-Shlomo, Dani Bercovich
BACKGROUND: Sensitivity to macrocyclic lactones, which are commonly used in veterinary clinics, was first found in Rough Collies, and was attributed in 2001 to a 4 bp deletion in the MDR1 gene. The list of affected breeds currently includes 13 breeds. Researchers from different countries and continents examined the allelic frequencies of the nt230(del4) MDR1 mutation, emphasizing the clinical importance of this test not only to mutation-prone dogs, but also to their crosses and mongrels, since treatment of a deletion carrier with these compounds may lead to its death...
November 13, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119576/natural-course-of-fetal-axillary-lymphangioma-based-on-prenatal-ultrasound-studies
#12
Theera Tongsong, Suchaya Luewan, Jiraporn Khorana, Sirinart Sirilert, Cholaros Charoenratana
This series and literature review aimed to prenatally characterize the nature of axillary lymphangioma. A total of 30 cases, including our 5 cases, were analyzed. Insights gained from this review are as follows: Septate and nonseptate cysts seem to be different entities. The nonseptate type tends to be small and transient but more highly associated with aneuploidies. Septate cysts are very rarely associated with other abnormalities and hydrops fetalis, unlike cystic hygroma colli, but are more progressive with gestational age and associated with adverse outcomes...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111596/compliance-between-clinical-and-genetic-diagnosis-of-choroidal-hypoplasia-in-103-norwegian-border-collie-puppies
#13
Siv Grosås, Frode Lingaas, Kristin Wear Prestrud, Ernst-Otto Ropstad
OBJECTIVE: To describe the frequency of the nonhomologous end-joining factor 1 (NHEJ1) mutation and the compliance between clinical and genetic diagnosis of choroidal hypoplasia (CH) in a group of Norwegian Border Collies. ANIMALS STUDIED: Border collie puppies in the age from 5 to 8 weeks. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Puppies included in the study had a complete ophthalmological examination. All findings were recorded, and an ECVO scheme form was issued for each puppy...
November 7, 2017: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111287/transcatheter-closure-of-a-small-atrial-septal-defect-with-an-amplatzer%C3%A2-patent-foramen-ovale-occluder-in-a-working-dog-with-cyanosis-and-exercise-intolerance-at-high-altitude
#14
A Shelden, S Wesselowski, S G Gordon, A B Saunders
A 6.5-year-old male Border Collie presented for transcatheter closure of an atrial septal defect due to exercise intolerance and cyanosis while working and training at altitude. A small, left-to-right shunting secundum atrial septal defect was confirmed with no evidence of significant right-sided volume overload. Pulmonary hypertension with subsequent right-to-left interatrial shunting occurring during exercise at high altitude was suspected and prompted the closure of the defect due to the dog's continued athletic requirements...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology: the Official Journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107220/do-longus-capitis-and-colli-really-stabilise-the-cervical-spine-a-study-of-their-fascicular-anatomy-and-peak-force-capabilities
#15
Ewan Kennedy, Michael Albert, Helen Nicholson
BACKGROUND: Longus capitis and colli are proposed to play a role in stabilising the cervical spine, targeted in clinical and research practice with cranio-cervical flexion. However, it is not clear if these muscles are anatomically or biomechanically suited to a stabilising role. OBJECTIVES: To describe the fascicular morphology of the longus capitis and colli, and estimate their peak force generating capabilities across the individual cervical motion segments. STUDY DESIGN: Biomechanical force modelling based on anatomical data...
October 16, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092010/transoesophageal-echo-guided-mitral-valve-repair-using-the-harpoon-system
#16
Gino Gerosa, Augusto D'Onofrio, Laura Besola, Andrea Colli
Transapical off-pump echo-guided mitral valve repair with implantation of artificial ePTFE chordae with the Harpoon device has been proposed to treat patients presenting with severe mitral regurgitation due to posterior leaflet prolapse. The device is inserted in the left ventricle and steered to the surface of the diseased portion of the leaflet. The Harpoon device is actuated, and the leaflet is perforated by a needle that consequently releases an ePTFE chord that is fixed on the atrial surface by a double-helix coiled knot...
October 30, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078799/comparing-microbiotas-in-the-upper-aerodigestive-and-lower-respiratory-tracts-of-lambs
#17
Laura Glendinning, David Collie, Steven Wright, Kenny M D Rutherford, Gerry McLachlan
BACKGROUND: Recently, the importance of the lung microbiota during health and disease has been examined in humans and in small animal models. Whilst sheep have been proposed as an appropriate large animal model for studying the pathophysiology of a number of important human respiratory diseases, it is clearly important to continually define the limits of agreement between these systems as new concepts emerge. In humans, it has recently been established that the lung microbiota is seeded by microbes from the oral cavity...
October 27, 2017: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077763/spatial-temporal-dynamics-of-neotropical-velvet-ant-hymenoptera-mutillidae-communities-along-a-forest-savanna-gradient
#18
Júlio Miguel Alvarenga, Cecília Rodrigues Vieira, Leandro Braga Godinho, Pedro Henrique Campelo, James Purser Pitts, Guarino Rinaldi Colli
Understanding how and why biological communities are organized over space and time is a major challenge and can aid biodiversity conservation in times of global changes. Herein, spatial-temporal variation in the structure of velvet ant communities was examined along a forest-savanna gradient in the Brazilian Cerrado to assess the roles of environmental filters and interspecific interactions upon community assembly. Velvet ants were sampled using 25 arrays of Y-shaped pitfall traps with drift fences for one year along an environmental gradient from cerrado sensu stricto (open canopy, warmer, drier) to cerradão (closed canopy, cooler, moister)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067221/acute-calcific-tendinitis-of-the-longus-colli-muscle-report-of-two-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Ahmed Abdelbaki, Shady Abdelbaki, Neeraj Bhatt, Nishant Gupta, Shuo Li, Ahmadreza Ghasemiesfe, Yogesh Kumar
Acute calcific tendinitis (ACT) of the longus colli muscle is a rare cause of debilitating neck pain. The ACT is presumed to be an aseptic inflammatory process of the superior oblique tendons of the longus colli muscle. It is often confused with other more concerning conditions including trauma, epidural abscess, disc herniation, and neoplasm. We present two cases of ACT and a brief literature review to stress the risk of misdiagnosis. A 38-year-old male presented with neck pain and stiffness accompanied by dysphagia...
August 23, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052466/edgar-leigh-collis-industrial-lung-disease-and-ergonomics
#20
Tony Waldron
Edgar Collis was appointed as the second Medical Inspector of Factories in 1908, holding the post until the outbreak of the First World War when he became Medical Director of the Ministry of Munitions. After the war, he was appointed to the chair in public health in the University of Wales. He held this post while living in Lossiemouth in Scotland, some 570 miles distant. His research interests were in industrial lung disease, industrial hygiene, and the health of coal miners. He made important contributions to the first and third subjects, but was a less significant figure in the field of industrial hygiene...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
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