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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149344/prevalence-of-dehydration-before-training-sessions-friendly-and-official-matches-in-elite-female-soccer-players
#1
Mauricio Castro-Sepulveda, Javier Astudillo, Pablo Letelier, Hermann Zbinden-Foncea
This study aimed to evaluate and compare the hydration states prior to different sporting events (training sessions, friendly and official matches) in elite female soccer players and relate that to the importance that the player attached to the hydration state as a determinant of sports performance. The hydration state of 17 female elite soccer players (age: 21.5 ± 3 years; body mass: 62 ± 6 kg; body height: 165 ± 9 cm) was determined by measuring their urine specific gravity (USG) prior to three different sports events: training sessions (PT), friendly (PF) and official (PO) matches...
April 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028987/evaluation-of-the-erosive-potential-of-selected-isotonic-drinks-in-vitro-studies
#2
Aneta Ostrowska, Witold Szymański, Łukasz Kołodziejczyk, Elżbieta Bołtacz-Rzepkowska
BACKGROUND: Isotonic drinks are an important component of the diet of athletes. Sports drinks cause the body to maintain proper hydration and supplement minerals which are lost in sweat during excessive exercising. Aside from the benefits of isotonic drinks, it is important to be aware of the harmful effects of citric acid within the products, which could cause enamel erosion. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate the erosive potential of sports drinks using confocal scanning laser microscopy (CLSM)...
November 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004903/fluid-intake-behaviour-in-athletes-during-typical-training-bouts
#3
Alex Buoite Stella, Maria P Francescato, Stacy T Sims, Shawnda A Morrison
BACKGROUND: Hydration habits during training may differ depending on sports mode and individual characteristics. The aim of this study was to assess fluid intake behaviour in a wide sample of Italian athletes during their regular training. METHODS: Data on hydration habits during training were collected from a random sample of competitive athletes. Hydration strategies and personal characteristics were queried via questionnaire, including athletes' quantity and type of fluid ingested during a typical training bout, sport characteristics (e...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793443/pressures-of-wilderness-improvised-wound-irrigation-techniques-how-do-they-compare
#4
John B Luck, Danielle Campagne, Roberto Falcón Banchs, Jason Montoya, Susanne J Spano
OBJECTIVE: Compare the pressures measured by improvised irrigation techniques to a commercial device and to prior reports. METHODS: Devices tested included a commercial 500-mL compressible plastic bottle with splash guard, a 10-mL syringe, a 10-mL syringe with a 14-ga angiocatheter (with needle removed), a 50-mL Sawyer syringe, a plastic bag punctured with a 14-ga needle, a plastic bottle with cap punctured by a 14-ga needle, a plastic bottle with sports top, and a bladder-style hydration system...
December 2016: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777542/gender-differences-and-access-to-a-sports-dietitian-influence-dietary-habits-of-collegiate-athletes
#5
Michael V Hull, Andrew R Jagim, Jonathan M Oliver, Mike Greenwood, Deanna R Busteed, Margaret T Jones
BACKGROUND: Limited research exists on the effect of a sports dietitian (SD) on athletes' dietary habits and nutrient periodization, which is the deliberate manipulation of macronutrient intake to match training goals. Further, the difference in dietary habits between men and women collegiate athletes has been understudied. A survey questionnaire examining dietary habits and practices was administered to athletes at two universities that employed a full time SD. Not all athletes used the SD as their primary source for nutritional guidance...
2016: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710146/high-prevalence-of-dehydration-and-inadequate-nutritional-knowledge-among-university-and-club-level-athletes
#6
Pamela J Magee, Alison M Gallagher, Jacqueline M McCormack
Although dehydration of ≥2% body weight (BW) loss significantly impairs endurance performance, dehydration remains prevalent among athletes and may be owing to a lack of knowledge in relation to fluid requirements. The aim of this study was to assess the hydration status of university/club level athletes (n=430) from a range of sports/activities (army officer cadet training; bootcamp training; cycling; Gaelic Athletic Association camogie, football and hurling; golf; hockey; netball; rugby; running (sprinting and endurance); Shotokan karate and soccer) immediately before and after training/competition and to assess their nutritional knowledge...
October 6, 2016: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500905/conclusions-of-the-ii-international-and-iv-spanish-hydration-congress-toledo-spain-2nd-4th-december-2015
#7
Javier Aranceta-Bartrina, Ángel Gil, Ascensión Marcos, Carmen Pérez-Rodrigo, Lluis Serra-Majem, Gregorio Varela-Moreiras, Adam Drewnowski, Andreu Palou, Arturo Anadón, Bob Murray, Carmen Gómez-Candela, Claudio Maffeis, Daniel Ramón, David Benton, Dolores Corella, Elena Alonso-Aperte, Emilio Martínez de Victoria, Eric O'Neal, Frania Pfeffer, Hans Braun, Henry Lukaski, Isabel Polanco, Jennifer Bernal, José González-Alonso, José María Ordvás, Juan del Coso, Larry Kenney, Luis B Sardinha, Manuel Díaz-Rubio, Marcela González-Gross, María Kapsokefalou, Michael N Sawka, Mindy Millard-Stafford, Nieves Palacios, Phil Watson, Pilar Riobó, Rafael Urrialde, Ricardo Mora-Rodríguez, Ronald J Maughan, Rosa María Ortega, Ryszard Gellert, Samuel Oliver, Steven Trangmar, Teresa Partearroyo
Water is the major component of our organism representing about 60% of total body weight in adults and has to be obtained through the consumption of different foods and beverages as part of our diet. Water is an essential nutrient performing important functions, including transport of other nutrients, elimination of waste products, temperature regulation, lubrication and structural support. In this context, hydration through water has an essential role in health and wellness, which has been highly acknowledged in recent years among the health community experts such as nutritionists, dietitians, general practitioners, pharmacists, educators, as well as by physical activity and sport sciences experts and the general population...
July 13, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27491584/a-new-educational-tool-to-learn-about-hydration-taste-workshops-for-children
#8
Teresa Valero Gaspar, Paula Rodríguez-Alonso, Emma Ruiz Moreno, Susana Del Pozo de la Calle, José Manuel Ávila Torres, Gregorio Varela Moreiras
INTRODUCTION: Nutrition education contributes to children´s understanding and practice of healthy lifestyles behaviors. Having a well hydration status is an essential topic, especially since children are a vulnerable population who are much more  prone to dehydration than adults are. The approval of the Report on the European Gastronomic Heritage: Cultural and Educational Aspects in 2014 served as starting point to work on innovative audio-visual and multimedia materials for children...
July 13, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27491574/impact-of-physical-activity-and-sedentarism-on-hydration-status-and-liquid-intake-in-spanish-older-adults-the-physmed-study
#9
Raquel Aparicio-Ugarriza, Raquel Luzardo-Socorro, Gonzalo Palacios, María Del Mar Bibiloni, Alicia Julibert, Josep Antoni Tur, Marcela González-Gross
INTRODUCTION: Data on hydration status in older adults are scarce and there are very few studies focusing on the impact of physical activity (PA) on drinking behavior. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of physical activity and sedentarism on fluid intake in Spanish elderly. METHODS: 433 non-institutionalized Spanish older adults (58% females), aged 55-88 years, volunteered for the PHYSMED study. PA data were obtained by means of the Minnesota and EXERNET questionnaires...
July 13, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27486491/pulmonary-aspects-of-exercise-and-sports
#10
Alfred A Bove
Although the lungs are a critical component of exercise performance, their response to exercise and other environmental stresses is often overlooked when evaluating pulmonary performance during high workloads. Exercise can produce capillary leakage, particularly when left atrial pressure increases related to left ventricular (LV) systolic or diastolic failure. Diastolic LV dysfunction that results in elevated left atrial pressure during exercise is particularly likely to result in pulmonary edema and capillary hemorrhage...
April 2016: Methodist DeBakey Cardiovascular Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27485967/-a-new-educational-tool-to-learn-about-hydration-taste-workshops-for-children
#11
Teresa Valero Gaspar, Paula Rodríguez-Alonso, Emma Ruiz Moreno, Susana Del Pozo de la Calle, José Manuel Ávila Torres, Gregorio Varela Moreiras
INTRODUCTION: Nutrition education contributes to children´s understanding and practice of healthy lifestyles behaviors. Having a well hydration status is an essential topic, especially since children are a vulnerable population who are much more  prone to dehydration than adults are. The approval of the Report on the European Gastronomic Heritage: Cultural and Educational Aspects in 2014 served as starting point to work on innovative audio-visual and multimedia materials for children...
2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27485957/-impact-of-physical-activity-and-sedentarism-on-hydration-status-and-liquid-intake-in-spanish-older-adults-the-physmed-study
#12
Raquel Aparicio-Ugarriza, Raquel Luzardo-Socorro, Gonzalo Palacios, María Del Mar Bibiloni, Alicia Julibert, Josep Antoni Tur, Marcela González-Gross
INTRODUCTION: Data on hydration status in older adults are scarce and there are very few studies focusing on the impact of physical activity (PA) on drinking behavior. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of physical activity and sedentarism on fluid intake in Spanish elderly. METHODS: 433 non-institutionalized Spanish older adults (58% females), aged 55-88 years, volunteered for the PHYSMED study. PA data were obtained by means of the Minnesota and EXERNET questionnaires...
2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27485956/-conclusions-of-the-ii-international-and-iv-spanish-hydration-congress-toledo-spain-2nd-4th-december-2015
#13
Javier Aranceta-Bartrina, Ángel Gil, Ascensión Marcos, Carmen Pérez-Rodrigo, Lluis Serra-Majem, Gregorio Varela-Moreiras
Javier Aranceta-Bartrina1, Ángel Gil2, Ascensión Marcos3, Carmen Pérez-Rodrigo4, Lluis Serra-Majem5 and Gregorio Varela-Moreiras6*1Associate Professor at University of Navarra. Pamplona, Spain. 2Professor of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. University of Granada. Granada, Spain. 3Research Professor at the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC). Madrid, Spain. 4President of Spanish Society of Community Nutrition (SENC). Bilbao, Spain. 5Professor of Preventive Medicine and Public Health. Director of Group of Nutrition...
2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27444673/-a-new-educational-tool-to-learn-about-hydration-taste-workshops-for-children
#14
Teresa Valero Gaspar, Paula Rodríguez-Alonso, Emma Ruiz Moreno, Susana Del Pozo de la Calle, José Manuel Ávila Torres, Gregorio Varela Moreiras
INTRODUCTION: Nutrition education contributes to children´s understanding and practice of healthy lifestyles behaviors. Having a well hydration status is an essential topic, especially since children are a vulnerable population who are much more  prone to dehydration than adults are. The approval of the Report on the European Gastronomic Heritage: Cultural and Educational Aspects in 2014 served as starting point to work on innovative audio-visual and multimedia materials for children...
2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27444663/-impact-of-physical-activity-and-sedentarism-on-hydration-status-and-liquid-intake-in-spanish-older-adults-the-physmed-study
#15
Raquel Aparicio-Ugarriza, Raquel Luzardo-Socorro, Gonzalo Palacios, María Del Mar Bibiloni, Alicia Julibert, Josep Antoni Tur, Marcela González-Gross
INTRODUCTION: Data on hydration status in older adults are scarce and there are very few studies focusing on the impact of physical activity (PA) on drinking behavior. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of physical activity and sedentarism on fluid intake in Spanish elderly. METHODS: 433 non-institutionalized Spanish older adults (58% females), aged 55-88 years, volunteered for the PHYSMED study. PA data were obtained by means of the Minnesota and EXERNET questionnaires...
2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27444662/-conclusions-of-the-ii-international-and-iv-spanish-hydration-congress-toledo-spain-2nd-4th-december-2015
#16
Javier Aranceta-Bartrina, Ángel Gil, Ascensión Marcos, Carmen Pérez-Rodrigo, Lluis Serra-Majem, Gregorio Varela-Moreiras
Javier Aranceta-Bartrina1, Ángel Gil2, Ascensión Marcos3, Carmen Pérez-Rodrigo4, Lluis Serra-Majem5 and Gregorio Varela-Moreiras6*1Associate Professor at University of Navarra. Pamplona, Spain. 2Professor of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. University of Granada. Granada, Spain. 3Research Professor at the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC). Madrid, Spain. 4President of Spanish Society of Community Nutrition (SENC). Bilbao, Spain. 5Professor of Preventive Medicine and Public Health. Director of Group of Nutrition...
2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27338907/a-survey-of-sports-drinks-consumption-among-adolescents
#17
D Broughton, R M Fairchild, M Z Morgan
Background Sports drinks intended to improve performance and hydrate athletes taking part in endurance sport are being marketed to children, for whom these products are not intended. Popularity among children has grown exponentially. Worryingly they consume them socially, as well as during physical activity. Sports drinks are high in sugar and are acidic. Product marketing ignores the potential harmful effects of dental caries and erosion.Objective To investigate the use of sports drinks by children.Method One hundred and eighty-three self-complete questionnaires were distributed to four schools in South Wales...
June 24, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27294353/realising-the-potential-of-urine-and-saliva-as-diagnostic-tools-in-sport-and-exercise-medicine
#18
REVIEW
Angus Lindsay, Joseph T Costello
Accurate monitoring of homeostatic perturbations following various psychophysiological stressors is essential in sports and exercise medicine. Various biomarkers are routinely used as monitoring tools in both clinical and elite sport settings. Blood collection and muscle biopsies, both invasive in nature, are considered the gold standard for the analysis of these biomarkers in exercise science. Exploring non-invasive methods of collecting and analysing biomarkers that are capable of providing accurate information regarding exercise-induced physiological and psychological stress is of obvious practical importance...
January 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27087798/the-impact-of-post-exercise-hydration-with-deep-ocean-mineral-water-on-rehydration-and-exercise-performance
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Douglas A Keen, Eleni Constantopoulos, John P Konhilas
BACKGROUND: Dehydration caused by prolonged exercise impairs thermoregulation, endurance and exercise performance. Evidence from animal and human studies validates the potential of desalinated deep-ocean mineral water to positively impact physiological and pathophysiological conditions. Here, we hypothesize that deep-ocean mineral water drawn from a depth of 915 m off the Kona, HI coast enhances recovery of hydration and exercise performance following a dehydrating exercise protocol compared to mountain spring water and a carbohydrate-based sports drink...
2016: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27071988/thermoregulation-fluid-balance-and-sweat-losses-in-american-football-players
#20
REVIEW
Jon K Davis, Lindsay B Baker, Kelly Barnes, Corey Ungaro, John Stofan
Numerous studies have reported on the thermoregulation and hydration challenges athletes face in team and individual sports during exercise in the heat. Comparatively less research, however, has been conducted on the American Football player. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to review data collected in laboratory and field studies and discuss the thermoregulation, fluid balance, and sweat losses of American Football players. American Football presents a unique challenge to thermoregulation compared with other sports because of the encapsulating nature of the required protective equipment, large body size of players, and preseason practice occurring during the hottest time of year...
October 2016: Sports Medicine
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