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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897784/passive-hip-range-of-motion-values-across-sex-and-sport
#1
Jennifer A Hogg, Randy J Schmitz, Anh-Dung Nguyen, Sandra J Shultz
CONTEXT:   Greater passive hip range of motion (ROM) has been associated with greater dynamic knee valgus and thus the potential for increased risk of anterior cruciate ligament injuries. Normative data for passive hip ROM by sex are lacking. OBJECTIVE:   To establish and compare passive hip ROM values by sex and sport and to quantify side-to-side differences in internal-rotation ROM (ROMIR ), external-rotation ROM (ROMER ), and total ROM (ROMTOT ). DESIGN:   Cross-sectional study...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29864776/sudden-cardiac-and-noncardiac-death-in-sports-epidemiology-causes-pathogenesis-and-prevention
#2
Giuseppe Lippi, Emmanuel J Favaloro, Fabian Sanchis-Gomar
Although few doubts remain that physical exercise should be widely promoted for maintenance of health and fitness, the risk of adverse events such as sudden death (especially due to cardiac causes, i.e., sudden cardiac death [SCD]) during exercise remains tangible. The overall risk of sudden death in athletes is relatively low (i.e., usually comprised between 0.1 and 38/100,000 person-years), and globally comparable to that of the general population. However, up to 20% of all sudden death cases are still recorded while exercising...
June 4, 2018: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29794559/blood-pressure-response-to-maximal-dynamic-exercise-testing-in-an-athletic-population
#3
Axel Pressler, Angelika Jähnig, Martin Halle, Bernhard Haller
OBJECTIVE: Exaggerated blood pressure (BP) response to exercise testing has been linked to left ventricular hypertrophy and myocardial fibrosis in competitive athletes. Due to frequent training, athletes are particularly exposed to high BP levels, but data on the magnitude and distribution of BP response to exercise in athletic populations is scarce. METHODS: Cycle ergometry was performed in 2419 healthy competitive adolescent, professional and master athletes (age 26 ± 12 years, range 9-74, 27% women, 84 disciplines) for preparticipation screening...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762263/amssm-position-statement-on-cardiovascular-preparticipation-screening-in-athletes-current-evidence-knowledge-gaps-recommendations-and-future-directions-erratum
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744264/the-prevalence-of-anemia-in-japanese-universiade-athletes-detected-with-longitudinal-preparticipation-medical-examinations
#5
Takayuki Komatsu, Fumihiro Yamasawa, Michiko Dohi, Takao Akama, Atsushi Masujima, Ichiro Kono, Takashi Kawahara
Background: No reports have evaluated the long-term trends of the prevalence of anemia in Universiade athletes using preparticipation medical examinations (PPMEs). We aimed to investigate the prevalence of anemia among Japanese Universiade athletes, using longitudinal PPMEs. Methods: In this retrospective, observational study, athletes with published data from official reports of the Japanese delegation of the summer Universiade games between 1977 and 2011 were included, as were similar-aged nonathletes with published health data, extracted from official national reports from the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare...
May 2018: Journal of General and Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650310/electronic-health-record-with-computerized-decision-support-tools-for-the-purposes-of-a-pediatric-cardiovascular-heart-disease-screening-program-in-crete
#6
Ilias Chatzakis, Kostas Vassilakis, Christos Lionis, Ioannis Germanakis
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Early detection of cardiovascular (CV) disease or associated risk factors during childhood is of paramount importance, allowing for early treatment or lifestyle modifications, respectively. The objective of this study was to describe the development of an electronic health record (EHR), with integrated computerized decision support system (CDSS), specifically designed for supporting the needs of a pilot pediatric CV disease screening program applied on primary school students of a Mediterranean island...
June 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510974/correction-amssm-position-statement-on-cardiovascular-preparticipation-screening-in-athletes-current-evidence-knowledge-gaps-recommendations-and-future-directions
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423770/preparticipation-screening-in-athletes-the-role-of-sports-cardiology-and-the-impact-of-the-camera
#8
EDITORIAL
R J G Peters
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Netherlands Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414256/updated-recommendations-for-athletes-with-heart-disease
#9
Rachel Lampert, Douglas P Zipes
Professional society recommendations to decrease sudden cardiac death in athletes, including eligibility requirements with disqualification for athletes with diagnosed disease as well as preparticipation screening and emergency preparedness, were updated in 2015. The update includes new sections on aortic disease, channelopathies, and sickle cell trait, as well as a change in format from the previous binary yes/no format to the more nuanced and contemporary "class and level of evidence" format. Eighty-four of the 246 recommendations now carry Class II designation-"reasonable," or "may be considered...
January 29, 2018: Annual Review of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406947/preparticipation-screening-of-young-athletes-identifying-cardiovascular-disease
#10
REVIEW
Kyle P Lammlein, Jonathan M Stoddard, Francis G O'Connor
The most common cause of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in young athletes in the United States is "autopsy-negative sudden unexplained death." This makes it extremely difficult to screen for and diagnose predisposing cardiovascular conditions before athletic participation. The goal of the preparticipation physical examination is to detect risk factors for SCD, make risk-based decisions regarding the need for further workup, and ultimately recommend for or against participation. Current evidence recommends universal screening of young athletes using the 14-point American Heart Association preparticipation cardiovascular checklist...
March 2018: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396838/preparticipation-screening-the-way-forward-is-smart-screening
#11
REVIEW
H Thune Jørstad
The image of a young athlete collapsing on the pitch, followed by resuscitation, leaves an unforgettable impression. However, this impression should not seduce us into resuscitating the debate for large-scale preparticipation screening without doing the smart thing: taking a step back to review what we know to be effective, and what has been shown not to be effective. What we should do is use this momentum to focus on what we still need to know.
March 2018: Netherlands Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369833/athletic-remodeling-in-female-college-athletes-the-morganroth-hypothesis-revisited
#12
Zoe Kooreman, Geneviève Giraldeau, Gherardo Finocchiaro, Yukari Kobayashi, Matthew Wheeler, Marco Perez, Kegan Moneghetti, David Oxborough, Keith P George, Jonathan Myers, Euan Ashley, François Haddad
BACKGROUND: There is limited data regarding ventricular remodeling in college female athletes, especially when appropriate scaling of cardiac dimensions to lean body mass (LBM) is considered. Moreover, it is not well established whether cardiac remodeling in female athletes is a balanced process with proportional increase in left ventricular (LV) mass and volume or the right and LV size. METHODS: During the preparticipation competitive screening, 72 female college athletes volunteered to undergo dual energy x-ray absorptiometry scan for quantification of LBM and comprehensive 2D echocardiography including assessment of longitudinal myocardial strain...
January 23, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329116/concussion-symptom-underreporting-among-incoming-national-collegiate-athletic-association-division-i-college-athletes
#13
Fiona N Conway, Marianne Domingues, Robert Monaco, Laura M Lesnewich, Anne E Ray, Brandon L Alderman, Sabrina M Todaro, Jennifer F Buckman
OBJECTIVE: Accurate diagnosis of sport-related concussions relies heavily on truthful self-reporting of symptom severity. Previous studies have emphasized lack of knowledge as a factor in symptom nondisclosure. This study sought to examine concussion knowledge and the relationship of knowledge to reasons for symptom nondisclosure. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Data were collected during preparticipation athletic evaluations via electronic survey...
January 11, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314871/normative-functional-performance-values-in-high-school-athletes-the-functional-pre-participation-evaluation-project
#14
James A Onate, Cambrie Starkel, Daniel R Clifton, Thomas M Best, James Borchers, Ajit Chaudhari, R Dawn Comstock, Nelson Cortes, Dustin R Grooms, Jay Hertel, Timothy E Hewett, Meghan Maume Miller, Xueliang Pan, Eric Schussler, Bonnie L Van Lunen
CONTEXT:   The fourth edition of the Preparticipation Physical Evaluation recommends functional testing for the musculoskeletal portion of the examination; however, normative data across sex and grade level are limited. Establishing normative data can provide clinicians reference points with which to compare their patients, potentially aiding in the development of future injury-risk assessments and injury-mitigation programs. OBJECTIVE:   To establish normative functional performance and limb-symmetry data for high school-aged male and female athletes in the United States...
January 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251536/collegiate-athletic-trainers-knowledge-of-the-female-athlete-triad-and-relative-energy-deficiency-in-sport
#15
Emily Kroshus, J D DeFreese, Zachary Y Kerr
CONTEXT:   The female athlete triad (Triad) and relative energy deficiency in sport (RED-S) specify the consequences of energy imbalance. Athletic trainers (ATs) are positioned to identify athletes who are fueling themselves inadequately and experiencing related health and performance consequences. OBJECTIVE:   To assess the knowledge of collegiate ATs about the Triad and RED-S and to examine variability in related screening and referral behaviors among National Collegiate Athletic Association divisions...
January 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251533/the-functional-movement-screen-as-a-predictor-of-injury-in-national-collegiate-athletic-association-division-ii-athletes
#16
Bryan Dorrel, Terry Long, Scott Shaffer, Gregory D Myer
CONTEXT:   The Functional Movement Screen (FMS) is a tool used to assess the quality of human movement. Previous FMS researchers reported a difference between the comprehensive and individual FMS test scores of injured and uninjured participants. OBJECTIVE:   To evaluate the accuracy of the FMS for predicting injury in National Collegiate Athletic Association Division II athletes and to evaluate how an injury definition may affect the prognostic values. DESIGN:   Cross-sectional study...
January 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177075/obesity-and-elevated-blood-pressure-in-suburban-student-athletes
#17
Andrew Georgeson, Mark Lebenthal, Raymond Catania, Steven Georgeson
Objective: To assess the prevalence of obesity and elevated blood pressure in a suburban population of middle school and high school student athletes and examine the differences from the previously published populations. Study design: The Student Athlete Cardiac Evaluation Registry Study is a single-centre, community hospital-based registry study, that provided free annual preparticipation physical examinations (PPE) from 2009 to 2017. The PPE on the 906 athletes included a history, a physical examination and body metrics including height, weight and blood pressure...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154691/optimal-screening-methods-to-detect-cardiac-disorders-in-athletes-an-evidence-based-review
#18
Zachary K Winkelmann, Ashley K Crossway
Reference/Citation:  Harmon KG, Zigman M, Drezner JA. The effectiveness of screening history, physical exam, and ECG to detect potentially lethal cardiac disorders in athletes: a systematic review/meta-analysis. J Electrocardiol. 2015;48(3):329-338. CLINICAL QUESTION:   Which screening method should be considered best practice to detect potentially lethal cardiac disorders during the preparticipation physical examination (PE) of athletes? DATA SOURCES:   The authors completed a comprehensive literature search of MEDLINE, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, Embase, Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), and SPORTDiscus from January 1996 to November 2014...
December 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141175/sudden-cardiac-arrest-during-participation-in-competitive-sports
#19
Cameron H Landry, Katherine S Allan, Kim A Connelly, Kris Cunningham, Laurie J Morrison, Paul Dorian
BACKGROUND: The incidence of sudden cardiac arrest during participation in sports activities remains unknown. Preparticipation screening programs aimed at preventing sudden cardiac arrest during sports activities are thought to be able to identify at-risk athletes; however, the efficacy of these programs remains controversial. We sought to identify all sudden cardiac arrests that occurred during participation in sports activities within a specific region of Canada and to determine their causes...
November 16, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071113/introducing-the-national-institute-for-sports-medicine-in-hungary-a-complex-sports-medical-healthcare-and-screening-system
#20
REVIEW
Judit Laki, Ágnes Soós, Péter Jákó, András Tállay, Ábel Perjés, Anita Megyeriné Szabó
The Hungarian National Institute for Sports Medicine (NISM) was founded in 1952 to provide medical coverage for national teams, screening and periodic health evaluation (PHE) for all Hungarian athletes. The system of 'all in one and ASAP' evolved by now to a specific state-funded healthcare provider with complex sports medical and sport-related services available for athletes. The NISM created a countrywide network to make health clearance available for all athletes close to their place of residency. This centralised system guarantees the uniformity and financial independence of the network, as it is directly financed by the government and free for every competitive athlete...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
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