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Robert T Dauchy, Melissa A Wren-Dail, Aaron E Hoffman, John P Hanifin, Benjamin Warfield, George C Brainard, Steven M Hill, Victoria P Belancio, Erin M Dauchy, David E Blask
Regular cycles of exposure to light and dark control pineal melatonin production and temporally coordinate circadian rhythms of metabolism and physiology in mammals. Previously we demonstrated that the peak circadian amplitude of nocturnal blood melatonin levels of rats were more than 6-fold higher after exposure to cool white fluorescent (CWF) light through blue-tinted (compared with clear) rodent cages. Here, we evaluated the effects of light-phase exposure of rats to white light-emitting diodes (LED), which emit light rich in the blue-appearing portion of the visible spectrum (465-485 nm), compared with standard broadspectrum CWF light, on melatonin levels during the subsequent dark phase and on plasma measures of metabolism and physiology...
2016: Comparative Medicine
Otmar M Ten Kate, Rong-Jun Xie, Chun-Yun Wang, Shiro Funahashi, Naoto Hirosaki
Novel Sr2-yEuyB2-2xSi2+3xAl2-xN8+x phosphors were investigated as a function of the boron and aluminum over silicon ratio and as a function of the Eu(2+) concentration. Samples were prepared via solid-state reaction synthesis by carefully controlling the synthesis conditions and composition. At high boron and aluminum content, that is, x = 0, a Eu(2+) 5d-4f emission is observed of which the maximum shifts from 595 nm for low Eu concentrations (y = 0.005) toward 623 nm for high Eu concentrations (y = 0.5). The samples can be excited by UV or blue light up to ∼475 nm...
October 25, 2016: Inorganic Chemistry
Jipeng Fu, Su Zhang, Ran Pang, Yonglei Jia, Wenzhi Sun, Haifeng Li, Lihong Jiang, Chengyu Li
Infrared (IR) light-emitting materials have wide applications. However, variety and economical accesses to obtain IR materials and devices are still limited, because the IR-emitting materials are always suffering from two obstacles, namely, lower absorption and lower emission efficiency. In this work, using a modified high-temperature solid-state reaction an efficient short-wavelength IR luminescent material is successfully synthesized. On the basis of the excellent luminescent properties, a convenient IR light-emitting diode (LED) device is fabricated by combining the novel IR material with a commercial UV LED chip...
October 25, 2016: Inorganic Chemistry
Tzu-Heng Wu, Chia-Chen Chang, Julien Vaillant, Aurélien Bruyant, Chii-Wann Lin
Smartphone camera based gold nanoparticle colorimetry (SCB-AuNP colorimetry) has shown good potential for point-of-care applications. However, due to the use of a camera as a photo-detector, there are major limitations to this technique such as a low bit resolution (∼8 bits mainstream) and a low data acquisition rate. These issues have limited the ultimate sensitivity of smartphone based colorimetry as well as the possibility to integrate efficiently a more sensitive approach such as detection based on a lock-in amplifier (LIA)...
October 25, 2016: Lab on a Chip
Chih-Yuan Lin, Fu Chen, Li-Hsien Yeh, Jyh-Ping Hsu
Modern applications of nanotechnology such as salinity gradient power and ionic diodes usually involve the transport of ionic species in a system comprising a nanopore connecting two large reservoirs. The charge properties on the nanopore surface plays a key role, and they need to be estimated by fitting a mathematical model for the system to measurable quantities such as ionic current or conductance. This model can also be used to simulate the system behavior under various conditions. However, the large difference between the linear size of a nanopore and that of a reservoir makes relevant analyses difficult...
October 25, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Guang Zhang, Manuel Auer-Berger, Dominik W Gehrig, Paul W M Blom, Martin Baumgarten, Dieter Schollmeyer, E J W List-Kratochvil, Klaus Müllen
Two light-emitting polyphenylene dendrimers with both hole and electron transporting moieties were synthesized and characterized. Both molecules exhibited pure blue emission solely from the pyrene core and efficient surface-to-core energy transfers when characterized in a nonpolar environment. In particular, the carbazole- and oxadiazole-functionalized dendrimer (D1) manifested a pure blue emission from the pyrene core without showing intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) in environments with increasing polarity...
October 20, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Xiaoli Gao, Yan Song, Guixia Liu, Xiangting Dong, Jinxian Wang, Wensheng Yu
As a new class of non-rare-earth red phosphors for high-efficiency warm white light-emitting diodes (white LEDs), Mn(4+) ion activated fluoride compounds have been extensively investigated recently and hold the potential to supersede commercial rare earth doped nitride phosphors. Herein, a series of Mn(4+) ions doped BaTiF6 phosphors have been prepared via the hydrothermal route using citric acid as a surfactant. After a systematic investigation, we illustrate the effects of reaction time, nominal concentration of HF solution, and reaction temperature on the luminescence performance of the phosphor...
October 24, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Huanhuan Yang, Xiangyu Cao, Fan Yang, Jun Gao, Shenheng Xu, Maokun Li, Xibi Chen, Yi Zhao, Yuejun Zheng, Sijia Li
Diverse electromagnetic (EM) responses of a programmable metasurface with a relatively large scale have been investigated, where multiple functionalities are obtained on the same surface. The unit cell in the metasurface is integrated with one PIN diode, and thus a binary coded phase is realized for a single polarization. Exploiting this anisotropic characteristic, reconfigurable polarization conversion is presented first. Then the dynamic scattering performance for two kinds of sources, i.e. a plane wave and a point source, is carefully elaborated...
October 24, 2016: Scientific Reports
Gilad Yahav, Eran Barnoy, Nir Roth, Lior Turgeman, Dror Fixler
Fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy (FLIM) is an essential tool in many scientific fields such as biology and medicine thanks to the known advantages of the fluorescence lifetime (FLT) over the classical fluorescence intensity (FI). However, the frequency domain (FD) FLIM technique suffers from its strong dependence on the reference and its compliance to the sample. In this paper, we suggest a new way to calculate the FLT by using the crossing point (CRPO) between the modulation and phase FLTs measured over several light emitting diode (LED) DC currents values instead of either method alone...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Biophotonics
Lei Li, Pengfei Li, Ning Lu, Jun Dai, Xiao Cheng Zeng
2D material with tunable direct bandgap in the intermediate region (i.e., ≈2-3 eV) is key to the achievement of high efficiency in visible-light optical devices. Herein, a simulation evidence of structure transition of monolayer ZnSe from the experimental pseudohexagonal structure to the tetragonal structure (t-ZnSe) under lateral pressure is shown, suggesting a possible fabrication route to achieve the t-ZnSe monolayer. The as-produced t-ZnSe monolayer exhibits highly tunable bandgap under the biaxial strains, allowing strain engineering of t-ZnSe's bandgap over a wide range of 2-3 eV...
December 2015: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
Michelle Maclean, John G Anderson, Scott J MacGregor, Tracy White, Chintamani D Atreya
Bacterial contamination of injectable stored biological fluids such as blood plasma and platelet concentrates preserved in plasma at room temperature is a major health risk. Current pathogen reduction technologies (PRT) rely on the use of chemicals and/or ultraviolet light, which affects product quality and can be associated with adverse events in recipients. 405 nm violet-blue light is antibacterial without the use of photosensitizers and can be applied at levels safe for human exposure, making it of potential interest for decontamination of biological fluids such as plasma...
2016: Journal of Blood Transfusion
Kei Takayama, Hiroki Kaneko, Keiko Kataoka, Reona Kimoto, Shiang-Jyi Hwang, Fuxiang Ye, Yosuke Nagasaka, Taichi Tsunekawa, Toshiyuki Matsuura, Norie Nonobe, Yasuki Ito, Hiroko Terasaki
Purpose. It is a matter of increasing concern that exposure to light-emitting diodes (LED), particularly blue light (BL), damages retinal cells. This study aimed to investigate the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) damage caused by BL and to elucidate the role of nuclear factor (erythroid-derived)-related factor 2 (Nrf2) in the pathogenesis of BL-induced RPE damage. Methods. ARPE-19, a human RPE cell line, and mouse primary RPE cells from wild-type and Nrf2 knockout (Nrf2(-/-)) mice were cultured under blue LED exposure (intermediate wavelength, 450 nm)...
2016: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
M Venkataravanappa, H Nagabhushana, B Daruka Prasad, G P Darshan, R B Basavaraj, G R Vijayakumar
A novel Sr2SiO4:Eu (1-5mol %) superstructures (SS) were synthesized using bio-sacrificial A.V. gel assisted ultrasound method. Powder X-ray diffraction patterns confirmed the presence of both α and β phase formation. It was evident that the morphological growth was highly reliant on A.V. gel concentration, sonication time, pH and sonication power. The formation mechanisms for different hierarchical SS were proposed. From diffuse reflectance spectra, the energy band gap was estimated and found to be ∼4.70-5...
January 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
R B Basavaraj, H Nagabhushana, B Daruka Prasad, G R Vijayakumar
The cationic surfactants assisted ultrasound route was used to prepare Dy(3+) doped Zn2SiO4 nanophosphors. The final products were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), ultraviolet visible spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and photoluminescence. Orthorhombic phase of Zn2SiO4:Dy(3+) (JCPDS card No. 35-1485) was confirmed from PXRD. It was evident that the morphology of spherical and broom like structures were obtained with epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) and cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) surfactants respectively...
January 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Zhiqiang Gao, Junfeng Zheng, Lian Chen
Ultrasonic accelerated the asparagine-glucose non-enzymatic browning reaction with significant decrease of glucose and asparagine concentrations, and marked increase of intermediate products (UV-absorbance value at 294nm, Abs294), melanoidins (UV-absorbance value at 420nm, Abs420) and in vitro antioxidant activity (DPPH free radical scavenging activity). As the ultrasonic intensity was 17.83W/cm(2), the asparagine-glucose solution's Abs294, Abs420 and antioxidant activity increased from 0 to 1.26, 0.88 and 21...
January 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Guorui Jin, Jun Li, Kai Li
Photosensitive semiconducting polymer (SP) combined with light stimulation has shown the capability in promoting the proliferation of human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs). However, the high cytotoxicity of the used SP hindered its further application in bioactive scaffolds. In this contribution, we designed and synthesized a SP, poly (N,N-bis(2-octyldodecyl)-3,6-di(thiophen-2-yl)-2,5-dihydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-1,4-dione-alt-thieno[3,2-b]thiophene) (PDBTT) with low cytotoxicity and strong absorbance in red and near-infrared region (600-1200nm)...
January 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Sujan K Sarkar, Onyinye Osisioma, William L Karney, Manabu Abe, Anna D Gudmundsdottir
Photolysis of 3-azido-1-indenone (1) with a light-emitting diode (LED, λ= 405 nm) or mercury arc lamp (Pyrex) resulted in the formation of heterodimer 3 in excellent yield, through dimerization of triplet vinylnitrene (3)2. At ambient temperature, vinylnitrene (3)2 (λmax at 340 and 480 nm) was detected directly with laser flash photolysis of vinyl azide 1. The vinylnitrene intermediate was also characterized directly with IR and ESR spectroscopy in cryogenic matrices. The ESR spectrum of vinylnitrene (3)2 yielded a zero-field splitting parameter |D/hc| of 0...
October 22, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Korgün Ökmen, Burcu Metin Ökmen
This study aims to investigate the efficacy of three different percutaneous intradiscal therapies in patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP) due to lumbar disc herniation (LDH). Medical files of a total of 120 patients who received percutaneous intradiscal therapy were retrospectively analyzed. All patients were divided into three groups: group L: diode laser (n = 40), group R: radiofrequency (RF) (n = 40), and group P: pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) (n = 40). The visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) scores were calculated at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months for all patients...
October 21, 2016: Lasers in Medical Science
Jiping Ma, Zhidan Yao, Liwei Hou, Wenhui Lu, Qipeng Yang, Jinhua Li, Lingxin Chen
Magnetic metal-organic frameworks (MOFs, [MIL-101]) were prepared and used as magnetic solid-phase extraction (MSPE) adsorbents for preconcentration of four kinds of pyrazole/pyrrole pesticides (flusilazole, fipronil, chlorfenapyr, and fenpyroximate) in environmental water samples, followed by high-performance liquid chromatography-diode-array detector (HPLC-DAD) determination. Several variables affecting MSPE efficiency were systematically investigated, including amount of MIL-101, extraction time, sample pH, salt concentration, type of desorption solvent and desorption number of times...
December 1, 2016: Talanta
Ahmet Kemal Aloglu, Peter de B Harrington, Saliha Sahin, Cevdet Demir
Four different data representations were evaluated for the determination of the total antioxidant activities of four different Prunella L. species, which are Prunella vulgaris, Prunella grandiflora, Prunella laciniata, and Prunella orientalis Bornm. Three different antioxidant assays, 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABST), 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), and Folin-Ciocalteu (FC) reagent measured the total antioxidant activity and phenolic content of the four Prunella L. species that were extracted with 12 different solvent systems...
December 1, 2016: Talanta
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