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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664868/active-transcutaneous-bone-conduction-implant-middle-fossa-placement-technique-in-children-with-bilateral-microtia-and-external-auditory-canal-atresia
#1
Carolina Der, Sofía Bravo-Torres, Nicolás Pons
AIM: The aim of this study is to present the middle fossa technique (MFT) as an alternative for patients who cannot undergo traditional surgery for active transcutaneous bone conduction implants (ATBCI) due to their altered anatomy or desire for future aesthetic reconstruction. DESIGN: A case series descriptive study was designed. The MFT was developed. Preoperative and postoperative information from 24 patients with external auditory canal atresia (EACA) and implanted with ATBCI was reviewed...
April 16, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659054/tuning-in-c-nociceptors-to-reveal-mechanisms-in-chronic-neuropathic-pain
#2
Robin Jonas, Barbara Namer, Lenka Stockinger, Kim Chisholm, Mark Schnakenberg, Gunther Landmann, Mateusz Kucharczyk, Christoph Konrad, Roland Schmidt, Richard Carr, Stephen McMahon, Martin Schmelz, Roman Rukwied
OBJECTIVE: Develop and validate a low-intensity sinusoidal electrical stimulation paradigm to preferentially activate C-fibers in human skin. METHODS: Sinusoidal transcutaneous stimulation (4 Hz) was assessed psychophysically in healthy volunteers (n=14) and neuropathic pain patients (n=9). Pursuing laser Doppler imaging and single nociceptor recordings in vivo in humans (microneurography) and pigs confirmed the activation of "silent" C-nociceptors. Synchronized C-fiber compound action potentials were evoked in isolated human nerve fascicles in vitro...
April 16, 2018: Annals of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658440/effects-of-transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-in-autonomic-nervous-system-of-hypertensive-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Sandra do Amaral Sartori, Cinara Stein, Christian Correa Coronel, Fabricio Edler Macagnan, Rodrigo Della Mea Plentz
BACKGROUND: Patients with hypertension have altered autonomic nervous system function, which are increased sympathetic activity. Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) is a useful modality for pain control and has also been shown to be effective in the reduction of sympathetic activity in healthy subjects and individuals with cardiovascular diseases. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to verify the effects of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation by the evaluation of heart rate variability (HRV) in patients with essential hypertension...
April 16, 2018: Current Hypertension Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657529/impact-of-electro-neuro-feedback-on-postoperative-outcome-of-impacted-lower-third-molar-surgery
#4
Giacomo Oteri, Michele Pisano, Antonia Marcianò, Gabriele Cervino, Matteo Peditto
Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of a treatment with electro-neuro-feedback (ENF), a portable transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) device, on the clinical outcome and inflammatory biochemical parameters related to the impacted lower third molar surgery. Materials and Methods: A randomized, split-mouth, and single-blind study was conducted on 32 patients requiring lower third molars extractions and referred to the Oral Surgery Unit of the School of Dentistry of the University of Messina...
January 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652778/does-the-use-of-electrotherapies-increase-the-effectiveness-of-neck-stabilization-exercises-for-improving-pain-disability-mood-and-quality-of-life-in-chronic-neck-pain-a-randomized-controlled-single-blind-study
#5
Hilal Yesil, Simin Hepguler, Umit Dundar, Sahel Taravati, Banu Isleten
STUDY DESIGN: This study was a prospective, randomized, controlled study. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine if transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) or interferential current (IFC) increase the effectiveness of neck stabilization exercises on pain, disability, mood, and quality of life for chronic neck pain (CNP). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Neck pain is one of the three most frequently reported complaints of the musculoskeletal system...
April 12, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651877/first-to-understand-the-present-situation-transcutaneous-aortic-valve-implantation-as-a-real-global-treatment-for-severe-aortic-stenosis
#6
Hiroki Teragawa, Yukihiro Fukuda, Yasuki Kihara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650846/-two-stage-radical-resection-of-a-case-of-colon-cancer-with-abdominal-wall-invasion-and-cholangiocarcinoma
#7
Takashi Sugimoto, Hidenori Kiyochi, Yohei Hosoda, Izumi Komoto, Yu Sasaki, Kazuhiro Nishiyama, Hokahiro Katayama, Nobuko Ogura, Shoji Tsunekawa, Yoshiro Taki, Mizuho Akahane, Teruyoshi Aoyama, Hiroko Matsumoto, Shoji Takami, Jun Kawai
A woman in her 50s was admitted to our hospital with fever and lower abdominal swelling. Abdominal CT/MRI examinations revealed irregular thickening of the transverse colon wall, which was attached to a subcutaneous abscess. An abdominal wall mass, a patent urachus, and a tumor in the 5th segment of the liver were also noted. Colonoscopy revealed type 2 advanced transverse colon cancer. The solitary, sessile tumor was observed at the apex of the bladder under cystoscopy, suggesting the formation of the urachal carcinoma...
April 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649928/noninvasive-activation-of-cervical-spinal-networks-after-severe-paralysis
#8
Parag Gad, Sujin Lee, Nicholas Terrafranca, Hui Zhong, Amanda Turner, Yury Gerasimenko, Victor Reggie Edgerton
Paralysis of the upper extremities following cervical spinal cord injury (SCI) significantly impairs one's ability to live independently. While regaining hand function or grasping ability is considered one of the most desired functions in tetraplegics, limited therapeutic development in this direction has been demonstrated to date in humans with a high, severe cervical injury. The underlying hypothesis is after severe cervical SCI, nonfunctional sensory-motor networks within the cervical spinal cord can be transcutaneously neuromodulated to physiological states which enables and amplifies voluntary control of the hand...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649082/transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-reduces-resting-pain-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-a-randomized-and-placebo-controlled-double-blind-pilot-study
#9
Jennifer E Lee, Carryn M Anderson, Yelena Perkhounkova, Brittany M Sleeuwenhoek, Rebecca R Louison
BACKGROUND: Individuals receiving radiation for head and neck cancer (HNC) often develop painful oral mucositis that impairs function, possibly leading to feeding tubes, hospitalization, and treatment delays. Although pharmacologic medications provide some relief, many report inadequate analgesia and adverse effects. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is a safe, nonpharmacologic intervention; it decreases pain and analgesics and improves function, yet no studies examined TENS for HNC...
April 11, 2018: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643608/the-immediate-effect-of-fes-and-tens-on-gait-parameters-in-patients-after-stroke
#10
Shin-Jun Park, Joong-San Wang
[Purpose] This study was conducted to compare the immediate effects of different electrotherapies on the gait parameters for stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty patients with stroke were randomly assigned either to the functional electrical stimulation group or the transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation group, with 15 patients in each group. Each electrotherapy was performed for 30 minutes simultaneously with the therapeutic exercise, and the changes in the spatial and temporal parameters of gait were measured...
December 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643590/immediate-effects-of-transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-on-six-minute-walking-test-borg-scale-questionnaire-and-hemodynamic-responses-in-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure
#11
Majid Ashraf Ganguie, Behrouz Attarbashi Moghadam, Nastaran Ghotbi, Azadeh Shadmehr, Mohammad Masoumi
[Purpose] This study examined the immediate effects of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on a six-minute walking test, Borg scale questionnaire and hemodynamic responses in patients with chronic heart failure. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty patients with stable systolic chronic heart failure came to the pathophysiology laboratory three times. The tests were randomly performed in three sessions. In one session, current was applied to the quadriceps muscles of both extremities for 30 minutes and a six-minute walking test was performed immediately afterward...
December 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643577/effects-of-concentric-contraction-of-the-wrists-and-transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-cycle-on-pain-and-muscle-strength-in-lateralepicondylitis-patients
#12
Yeong-Deok Choi, Myung-Joon Kim, Jung-Ho Lee
[Purpose] This study examined the effects of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation and concentric contraction of the muscles surrounding the elbow joints on pain and muscular strength in the elbow joints of patients with lateral epicondylitis. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects of this study were 30 patients who visited our hospital with the main complaint of lateral pain in the elbow joint. All subjects were randomly and equally assigned to an experimental group that conducted concentric contraction exercises in sync with a transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation cycle and a control group that performed concentric contraction after the application of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation...
December 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628217/development-and-characterization-of-a-point-of-care-rate-based-transcutaneous-respiratory-status-monitor
#13
Xudong Ge, Prosper Adangwa, Ja Young Lim, Yordan Kostov, Leah Tolosa, Richard Pierson, Daniel Herr, Govind Rao
Blood gas measurements provide vital clinical information in critical care. The current "gold standard" for blood gas measurements involves obtaining blood samples, which can be painful and can lead to bleeding, thrombus formation, or infection. Mass transfer equilibrium-based transcutaneous blood gas monitors have been used since the 1970s, but they require heating the skin to ≥42 °C to speed up the transcutaneous gas diffusion. Thus, these devices have a potential risk for skin burns. Here we report a new generation of noninvasive device for respiratory status assessment...
April 5, 2018: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624470/noninvasive-vaccination-against-infectious-diseases
#14
Zhichao Zheng, Diana Diaz-Arévalo, Hongbing Guan, Mingtao Zeng
The development of a successful vaccine, which should elicit a combination of humoral and cellular responses to control or prevent infections, is the first step in protecting against infectious diseases. A vaccine may protect against bacterial, fungal, parasitic, or viral infections in animal models, but to be effective in humans there are some issues that should be considered, such as the adjuvant, the route of vaccination, and the antigen-carrier system. While almost all licensed vaccines are injected such that inoculation is by far the most commonly used method, injection has several potential disadvantages, including pain, cross contamination, needlestick injury, under- or overdosing, and increased cost...
April 6, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623558/why-i-choose-to-repair-and-not-to-replace-the-aortic-valve
#15
Athanasios Antoniou, Amer Harky, Mohamad Bashir, Gebrine El Khoury
Aortic valve replacement whether surgical or transcutaneous remains an option for the treatment of severe aortic valve disease; however, current prosthetic devices are associated with complications including, but no limited to, valve thrombosis and thromboembolic events, bleeding events associated with anticoagulation use, prosthetic valve endocarditis and structural valve deterioration. In this effect, aortic valve repair (AVr) has become an attractive alternative in circumventing these potential complications by preservation of the native aortic valve apparatus...
April 5, 2018: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619788/effects-of-high-frequency-high-intensity-transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-versus-intravenous-opioids-for-pain-relief-after-gynecologic-laparoscopic-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-study
#16
Birgitta Platon, Clas Mannheimer, Paulin Andréll
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to compare the pain relieving effect and the time spent in the recovery unit after treatment with high frequency, high-intensity transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) or intravenous (IV) opioids after gynecologic laparoscopic surgery. METHODS: All patients who postoperatively reported visual analogue scale (VAS) pain score ≥ 3 were consecutively included in the study. The TENS treatment was given with a stimulus intensity between 40-60 mA during 1 minute, repeated once if insufficient pain relief...
April 2018: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619627/new-advances-in-acute-postoperative-pain-management
#17
REVIEW
Sukanya Mitra, Daniel Carlyle, Gopal Kodumudi, Vijay Kodumudi, Nalini Vadivelu
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Postoperative pain remains one of the most common challenges following inpatient and outpatient surgeries. With our advances in modern medicine, pain following surgical procedures still remains a challenge, though significant accomplishments have been made over the past few decades. This article highlights some of the promising new advances and approaches in postoperative pain management. RECENT FINDINGS: Over the last decade, Enhanced Recovery after Surgery (ERAS) pathways and protocols are becoming the benchmark standards for enhancing postoperative recovery...
April 4, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610941/pilot-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-study-on-a-mouse-model-to-evaluate-the-safety-of-transcutaneous-low-frequency-electrical-nerve-stimulation-on-cervical-cancer-patients
#18
Shiyan Wang, Xiuli Sun, Wenjin Cheng, Jue Zhang, Jianliu Wang
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: To clarify whether the pulse electrical field (PEF) caused by transcutaneous low-frequency nerve electrical stimulation (TENS) enhances the proliferation of cervical cancer cells, leading to recurrence and metastasis, and the effect of such a PEF on a cervical cancer mouse model. METHODS: 1. In vitro experiment: SiHa cervical cancer cells treated with one session of microsecond PEFs for 30 min were divided into four groups: three experimental groups and the control group...
April 2, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606674/reducing-the-risk-for-pressure-injury-during-combat-evacuation
#19
Elizabeth Bridges, JoAnne D Whitney, Robert Burr, Ernesto Tolentino
BACKGROUND: Combat casualties undergoing aeromedical evacuation are at increased risk for pressure injuries. The risk factors pressure and shear are potentially modifiable via solutions appropriate for en route care. OBJECTIVES: To compare transcutaneous oxygen levels and skin temperatures in healthy participants under offloaded (side lying) and loaded (supine or supine with 30° backrest elevation) under 4 conditions: control (no intervention), Mepilex sacral and heel dressings, LiquiCell pad, and Mepilex plus LiquiCell...
April 2018: Critical Care Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605355/a-functional-and-anatomical-comparison-between-two-passive-transcutaneous-bone-conduction-implants-in-children
#20
Sara Giannantonio, Alessandro Scorpecci, Concettina Pacifico, Pasquale Marsella
OBJECTIVE: To compare anatomical and functional outcomes of two passive transcutaneous bone conduction implant systems: Sophono™ and BAHA Attract™. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients, affected by bilateral conductive hearing loss, underwent unilateral transcutaneous bone conduction implant surgery. Ten children received a Sophono™ implant (6 males, 4 females, mean age 11 years, mean unaided Pure Tone Average (PTA) 0.25-4kHz = 69.70dB HL) and 10 a BAHA Attract™ system (7 males, 3 females, mean age 19 years, mean unaided PTA0...
May 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
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