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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042299/non-pharmacological-interventions-for-spasticity-in-adults-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#1
REVIEW
Fary Khan, Bhasker Amatya, Djamel Bensmail, Alain Yelnik
OBJECTIVES: Spasticity causes significant long-term disability-burden, requiring comprehensive management. This review evaluates evidence from published systematic reviews of clinical trials for effectiveness of non-pharmacological interventions for improved spasticity outcomes. METHODS: Data sources: A literature search was conducted using medical and health science electronic (MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PubMed, and the Cochrane Library) databases for published systematic reviews up to 15(th) June 2017...
October 14, 2017: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039062/assessment-of-liver-perfusion-and-function-by-indocyanine-green-in-the-perioperative-setting-and-in-critically-ill-patients
#2
REVIEW
Samir G Sakka
Indocyanine green (ICG) is a water-soluble dye that is bound to plasma proteins when administered intravenously and nearly completely eliminated from the blood by the liver. ICG elimination depends on hepatic blood flow, hepatocellular function and biliary excretion. ICG elimination is considered as a useful dynamic test describing liver function and perfusion in the perioperative setting, i.e., in liver surgery and transplantation, as well as in critically ill patients. ICG plasma disappearance rate (ICG-PDR) which can be measured today by transcutaneous systems at the bedside is a valuable method for dynamic assessment of liver function and perfusion, and is regarded as a valuable prognostic tool in predicting survival of critically ill patients, presenting with sepsis, ARDS or acute liver failure...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038637/subcuticular-suture-technique-alternative-to-frost-suture-to-prevent-ectropion-after-transcutaneous-incision-of-lower-eyelid
#3
Adarsh Kudva, Abhay Kamath, K M Cariappa, Srikanth Gadicherla, B Vasantha Dhara
INTRODUCTION: An ectropion is a complication that can arise from reconstruction in the infraorbital region. Often, this complication occurs despite proper positioning of the lower lid at the time of closure. Various transcutaneous approaches to orbit skeleton have investigated in view of complication arising from them. A subtarsal approach with a postoperative Frost suture gives an advantage to reduce the occurrence of ectropion especially after treatment of orbital floor fractures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This case describes a method of subcuticular suturing technique for subtarsal incision of lower lid which can be used to support the lid during healing period, thus decreasing the rate of ectropion...
December 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037556/transcutaneous-electrical-acupoint-stimulation-teas-treatment-improves-pregnancy-rate-and-implantation-rate-in-patients-with-implantation-failure
#4
Ya-Chiung Hsu, I-Ting Liang, Shang-Yu Huang, Hsin-Shih Wang, Yung-Kuei Soong, Chia-Lin Chang
OBJECTIVE: Although major advances have greatly improved the outcomes of assisted reproductive technology in the last two cascades, there remains significant difficulty in achieving pregnancy for many patients even after repeated attempts of IVF. Interestingly, recent studies have shown that transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) can improve the reproductive outcomes of select IVF patients. To determine the utility of TEAS in improving IVF outcomes in patients with a history of implantation failure, we conducted a retrospective study of clinical outcomes of women, who had a prior history of unsuccessful pregnancy outcome after IVF-embryo transfer (IVF-ET), following TEAS treatment...
October 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036948/commentary-on-transcutaneous-brow-shaping-a-straightforward-and-precise-method-to-lift-and-shape-the-eyebrows
#5
John Mesa, Luis O Vasconez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034273/comparison-of-the-effects-of-transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-and-low-level-laser-therapy-on-drug-resistant-temporomandibular-disorders
#6
Fahimeh Rezazadeh, Khadijeh Hajian, Shoaleh Shahidi, Soraya Piroozi
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is a clinical term used for clinical signs and symptoms that affect the temporomandibular joints, masticatory muscles, and associated structures. Surgical and non-surgical treatments can be used for management of TMD. Non-surgical route is the main part of the treatment, since clinicians prefer non-aggressive treatment for TMD such as pharmacological and physical therapy. Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) are the main procedures in physical therapy...
September 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034187/electrical-nerve-stimulation-for-xerostomia-a-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#7
REVIEW
Gowri Sivaramakrishnan, Kannan Sridharan
BACKGROUND: Xerostomia leads to caries, infection and overall psychological discomfort. Salivary substitutes and pharmacological agents have been tried only with temporary relief. The use of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) has been contemplated on by various researchers for treatment of xerostomia. We carried out the present review as a systematic compilation and quantitative synthesis of the existing evidence related to the utility of TENS in patients with xerostomia...
October 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033299/unpredictable-pain-timings-lead-to-greater-pain-when-people-are-highly-intolerant-of-uncertainty
#8
Clémence Bélanger, Bernard Blais Morin, Andréanne Brousseau, Nicolas Gagné, Anne Tremblay, Kathya Daigle, Philippe Goffaux, Guillaume Léonard
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Many psychological factors are known to influence pain perception. Among them, intolerance of uncertainty (IU) may play a key modulating role in situations where uncertainty prevails, especially uncertainty regarding the timing of painful events. The objective of this study was to explore the impact of individual differences in IU on pain perception during predictable and unpredictable stimulation timings. We hypothesized that people with high IU, as opposed to those with low IU, would perceive more pain when the timing of painful stimulations cannot be predicted, as compared to when they can...
October 12, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026141/combined-skin-and-muscle-vaccination-differentially-impact-the-quality-of-effector-t-cell-functions-the-cuthivac-001-randomized-trial
#9
G Haidari, A Cope, A Miller, S Venables, C Yan, H Ridgers, K Reijonen, D Hannaman, A Spentzou, P Hayes, G Bouliotis, A Vogt, S Joseph, B Combadiere, S McCormack, R J Shattock
Targeting of different tissues via transcutaneous (TC), intradermal (ID) and intramuscular (IM) injection has the potential to tailor the immune response to DNA vaccination. In this Phase I randomised controlled clinical trial in HIV-1 negative volunteers we investigate whether the site and mode of DNA vaccination influences the quality of the cellular immune responses. We adopted a strategy of concurrent immunization combining IM injection with either ID or TC administration. As a third arm we assessed the response to IM injection administered with electroporation (EP)...
October 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024489/a-novel-combination-regimen-with-intense-focused-ultrasound-and-pressure-and-dose-controlled-transcutaneous-pneumatic-injection-of-hypertonic-glucose-solution-for-lifting-and-tightening-of-the-aging-face
#10
Hyuck Hoon Kwon, Sun Chul Choi, Kyung-Hoon Park, Jae Yoon Jung
BACKGROUND: Intense focused ultrasound (IFUS) has demonstrated moderate efficacy for facial laxity of the aging face. Pressure- and dose-controlled transcutaneous pneumatic injections of hypertonic glucose solution (TPIG) are a minimally invasive way to deliver solution into the skin for therapeutic purposes. Recently, its application around temporal areas is known to exert early-onset lifting effects with facial contour rejuvenation. AIMS: We sought to evaluate the safety and efficacy of this novel combination regimen with IFUS and TPIG for lifting and tightening of aging face...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018637/tissue-variability-and-antennas-for-power-transfer-to-wireless-implantable-medical-devices
#11
Kara N Bocan, Marlin H Mickle, Ervin Sejdic
The design of effective transcutaneous systems demands the consideration of inevitable variations in tissue characteristics, which vary across body areas, among individuals, and over time. The purpose of this paper was to design and evaluate several printed antenna topologies for ultrahigh frequency (UHF) transcutaneous power transfer to implantable medical devices, and to investigate the effects of variations in tissue properties on dipole and loop topologies. Here, we show that a loop antenna topology provides the greatest achievable gain with the smallest implanted antenna, while a dipole system provides higher impedance for conjugate matching and the ability to increase gain with a larger external antenna...
2017: IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017745/does-transcutaneous-nerve-stimulation-have-effect-on-sympathetic-skin-response
#12
E Esra Okuyucu, Ayşe Dicle Turhanoğlu, Murat Guntel, Serkan Yılmazer, Nazan Savaş, Ayhan Mansuroğlu
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the effects of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) on the sympathetic nerve system by sympathetic skin response test. METHODS: Fifty-five healthy volunteers received either: (i) 30minutes TENS (25 participants) (ii) 30minutes sham TENS (30 participants) and SSR test was performed pre- and post-TENS. The mean values of latency and peak-to-peak amplitude of five consecutive SSRs were calculated. RESULTS: A significant amplitude difference was found between TENS and sham TENS group both in right and left hand (p=0...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992717/accuracy-of-transcutaneous-bilirubinometry-in-the-preterm-infants-a-comprehensive-meta-analysis
#13
Mohammad Hassan Shabuj, Jesmin Hossain, Sanjoy Dey
BACKGROUND: Transcutaneous bilirubin measurement is widely used in term babies. But its effectiveness till debated in preterm infants. So our objective was to pool data to see the accuracy of transcutaneous bilirubinometry in preterm infants. METHOD: Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library database were searched from 2000 to July 2017. The included studies had compared transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) with total serum bilirubin (TSB) in preterm infants before phototherapy and data were presented as correlation coefficients...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990665/transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-tens-for-fibromyalgia-in-adults
#14
REVIEW
Mark I Johnson, Leica S Claydon, G Peter Herbison, Gareth Jones, Carole A Paley
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia is characterised by persistent, widespread pain; sleep problems; and fatigue. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is the delivery of pulsed electrical currents across the intact surface of the skin to stimulate peripheral nerves and is used extensively to manage painful conditions. TENS is inexpensive, safe, and can be self-administered. TENS reduces pain during movement in some people so it may be a useful adjunct to assist participation in exercise and activities of daily living...
October 9, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988995/overcoming-or-circumventing-the-stratum-corneum-barrier-for-efficient-transcutaneous-immunization
#15
REVIEW
Zhongjian Chen, Yongjiu Lu, Jianping Qi, Quangang Zhu, Yi Lu, Wei Wu
Transcutaneous immunization (TCI) is a promising alternative to vaccine delivery via the subcutaneous and intramuscular routes because of the unique immunological characteristics of the skin. However, the stratum corneum (SC) prevents entry of most therapeutic compounds into the body. Several physical devices have been developed to overcome the SC barrier, but still damage the skin. However, by targeting antigens to the abundant perifollicular antigen-presenting cells (APCs), the transfollicular route might be a promising approach for TCI without compromising the skin barrier...
October 5, 2017: Drug Discovery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988818/assessing-outcome-following-levatorplasty-when-east-meets-west-editorial-on-paper-transcutaneous-aponeurotic-repair-with-small-detachment-of-the-levator-aponeurosis-for-aponeurotic-blepharoptosis-in-japanese-patients
#16
Jan J van Wingerden
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 25, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985707/simultaneous-pain-intensity-rating-and-quantification-of-ischemia-throughout-exercise-and-recovery-in-proximal-versus-distal-arterial-claudication
#17
Alban Fouasson-Chailloux, Pierre Abraham, Christophe Colas-Ribas, Mathieu Feuilloy, Bruno Vielle, Samir Henni
Data on simultaneous hemodynamic changes and pain rating estimation in arterial claudication while walking are lacking. This study was conducted to determine if a difference in transcutaneous oxygen pressure (tc pO2) exists between proximal and distal localization at pain appearance (PAINapp), maximal pain (PAINmax) and pain relief (PAINrel) in proximal or distal claudication and if a relationship exists between tc pO2 changes and pain intensity. We analyzed the pain rating (Visual Analog Scale (VAS)) to lower limb ischemia, measured with the decrease from rest of oxygen pressure (DROP) tc pO2 index during constant-load treadmill tests in patients with calf ( n = 41) or buttock ( n = 19) claudication...
October 1, 2017: Vascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977147/the-role-of-vagus-nerve-stimulation-in-refractory-epilepsy
#18
Tatiana Von Hertwig Fernandes de Oliveira, Alexandre Novicki Francisco, Zeferino Demartini, Sergio Leandro Stebel
Vagus nerve stimulation is an adjunctive therapy used to treat patients with refractory epilepsy who are not candidates for resective surgery or had poor results after surgical procedures. Its mechanism of action is not yet fully comprehended but it possibly involves modulation of the locus coeruleus, thalamus and limbic circuit through noradrenergic and serotonergic projections. There is sufficient evidence to support its use in patients with focal epilepsy and other seizure types. However, it should be recognized that improvement is not immediate and increases over time...
September 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974365/predictors-of-outcome-in-children-and-adolescents-with-overactive-bladder-treated-with-parasacral-transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation
#19
Anselmo Hoffmann, Clara Sampaio, Ana Aparecida Nascimento, Maria Luiza Veiga, Ubirajara Barroso
BACKGROUND: Parasacral transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) has emerged as an effective treatment for overactive bladder (OAB) in view of its high success rates in improving lower urinary tract symptoms and constipation, with no direct side effects. However, the clinical characteristics associated with the outcomes remain to be established. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate potential predictors of outcome in children with OAB treated using parasacral TENS...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974217/low-power-transcutaneous-current-stimulator-for-wearable-applications
#20
David Karpul, Gregory K Cohen, Gaetano D Gargiulo, André van Schaik, Sarah McIntyre, Paul P Breen
BACKGROUND: Peripheral neuropathic desensitization associated with aging, diabetes, alcoholism and HIV/AIDS, affects tens of millions of people worldwide, and there is little or no treatment available to improve sensory function. Recent studies that apply imperceptible continuous vibration or electrical stimulation have shown promise in improving sensitivity in both diseased and healthy participants. This class of interventions only has an effect during application, necessitating the design of a wearable device for everyday use...
October 3, 2017: Biomedical Engineering Online
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