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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643752/dosimetric-characterization-of-optically-stimulated-luminescence-dosimeter-with-therapeutic-photon-beams-for-use-in-clinical-radiotherapy-measurements
#1
Retna Ponmalar, Ravikumar Manickam, K M Ganesh, Sathiyan Saminathan, Arun Raman, Henry Finlay Godson
AIM: The modern radiotherapy techniques impose new challenges for dosimetry systems with high precision and accuracy in in vivo and in phantom dosimetric measurements. The knowledge of the basic characterization of a dosimetric system before patient dose verification is crucial. This incites the investigation of the potential use of nanoDot optically stimulated luminescence dosimeter (OSLD) for application in radiotherapy with therapeutic photon beams. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Measurements were carried out with nanoDot OSLDs to evaluate the dosimetric characteristics such as dose linearity, dependency on field size, dose rate, energy and source-to-surface distance (SSD), reproducibility, fading effect, reader stability, and signal depletion per read out with cobalt-60 (60 Co) beam, 6 and 18 MV therapeutic photon beams...
April 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643518/mini-c-arm-fluoroscopy-does-its-configuration-matter-for-radiation-exposure-to-the-surgeon
#2
Talia Chapman, Dennis P Martin, Christopher Williamson, Brian Tinsley, Mark L Wang, Asif M Ilyas
BACKGROUND: The risk of occupational radiation exposure to the surgeon associated with the use of a mini C-arm has yet to reach a wide consensus. Using a distal radius fracture surgery model, we tested the hypothesis that radiation exposure to the surgeon's critical body parts is independent of mini C-arm configuration. METHODS: An anthropomorphic mannequin (representing the upper body of a 60" male surgeon) was seated at a hand table as if operating on a volar-plated wrist Sawbone model...
June 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638277/titanium-dioxide-nanoparticles-as-radiosensitisers-an-in-vitro-and-phantom-based-study
#3
Esho Qasho Youkhana, Bryce Feltis, Anton Blencowe, Moshi Geso
Objective: Radiosensitisation caused by titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2-NPs) is investigated using phantoms (PRESAGE(®) dosimeters) and in vitro using two types of cell lines, cultured human keratinocyte (HaCaT) and prostate cancer (DU145) cells. Methods: Anatase TiO2-NPs were synthesised, characterised and functionalised to allow dispersion in culture-medium for in vitro studies and halocarbons (PRESAGE(®) chemical compositions). PRESAGE(®) dosimeters were scanned with spectrophotometer to determine the radiation dose enhancement...
2017: International Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637959/examination-of-dose-reduction-using-image-noise-reduction-technology-in-cardiovascular-x-ray-systems
#4
Takaya Saijo, Shigenobu Seguchi
The aim of this study is to establish radiation exposure dose reduction protocols during cardiac intervention by decreasing the entrance dose at flat panel detector (FPD) with image quality evaluations. For measuring entrance surface dose (ESD), we have used a Radical 9015 dosimeter (6 cc ion chamber) placed under 20 cm thick acrylic plates at the patient's entrance reference point. We performed an image quality assessment based on quantitative as well as visual evaluation of the images obtained via current and dose reduction protocols...
2017: Nihon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635402/analysing-the-vocal-behaviour-of-teachers-during-classroom-teaching-using-a-portable-voice-accumulator
#5
Manfred Nusseck, Bernhard Richter, Claudia Spahn, Matthias Echternach
PURPOSE: Teachers are at a considerable risk of developing vocal health problems due to intensive voice use during teaching. This study investigated factors related to the teacher's voice during a teaching situation. METHODS: Overall, 113 teachers were recorded during a typical class lesson, lasting on average 48 min. A portable voice dosimeter (VoxLog System) was used to measure the sound pressure level (SPL) of the noise in the classroom, the teacher's voice SPL, the fundamental frequency (fo) and the phonation time...
March 3, 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632552/comparative-study-of-c-arms-for-intraoperative-3-dimensional-imaging-and-navigation-in-minimally-invasive-spine-surgery-part-ii-radiation-exposure
#6
Jan-Helge Klingler, Ronen Sircar, Christian Scheiwe, Evangelos Kogias, Marie T Krüger, Christoph Scholz, Ulrich Hubbe
STUDY DESIGN: A radiation exposure study in vitro. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the radiation exposure of 2 different 3-dimensional (3D) C-arm devices on an anthropomorphic phantom. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Minimally invasive pedicle screw placement requires intraoperative imaging techniques for visualization of the unexposed spine. Mobile 3D C-arms compose a 3D image data set out of multiple successive fluoroscopic images. METHODS: We compared the 3D C-arm devices Siremobil Iso-C 3D (Siemens Sector Healthcare, Erlangen, Germany) and Vision FD Vario 3D (Ziehm Imaging, Nuremberg, Germany) regarding their radiation exposure...
July 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631620/effectiveness-of-pelvic-lead-blanket-to-reduce-the-doses-to-eye-lens-and-hands-of-interventional-cardiologists-and-assistant-nurses
#7
Włodzimierz Grabowicz, Joanna Karolina Domienik-Andrzejewska, Konrad Masiarek, Tomasz Górnik, Tomasz Grycewicz, Marcin Brodecki, Andrzej Lubiński
The aim of the present study is to analyse quantitatively the potential reduction of the doses to eye lens and the hands of an operator and a nurse by the pelvic lead blanket during coronary angiography (CA) and percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) procedures. Thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLDs) were used to assess dose levels to left eye lens and left and right fingers of both physician and nurses during single procedures performed with or without lead blanket. The measurements were carried out in one medical centre and include dosimetric data from100 procedures...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623063/low-dose-out-of-field-radiotherapy-part-2-calculating-the-mean-photon-energy-values-for-the-out-of-field-photon-energy-spectrum-from-scattered-radiation-using-monte-carlo-methods
#8
A Skrobala, S Adamczyk, M Kruszyna-Mochalska, M Skórska, A Konefał, W Suchorska, K Zaleska, A Kowalik, W Jackowiak, J Malicki
PURPOSE: During radiotherapy, leakage from the machine head and collimator expose patients to out-of-field irradiation doses, which may cause secondary cancers. To quantify the risks of secondary cancers due to out-of-field doses, it is first necessary to measure these doses. Since most dosimeters are energy-dependent, it is essential to first determine the type of photon energy spectrum in the out-of-field area. The aim of this study was to determine the mean photon energy values for the out-of-field photon energy spectrum for a 6 MV photon beam using the GEANT 4-Monte Carlo method...
June 13, 2017: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622597/investigation-of-radfet-response-to-x-ray-and-electron-beams
#9
E Yilmaz, A Kahraman, A M McGarrigle, N Vasovic, D Yegen, A Jaksic
The irradiation response of Radiation Sensing Field Effect Transistor (RadFET), also known as MOSFET/pMOS dosimeter, to high energy X-rays and electron beams was investigated. The threshold voltages before and after irradiation were measured and the trap densities in the gate oxide and oxide/silicon interface of the RadFETs are evaluated. The RadFETs were irradiated with 6MV X-rays, and 10 and 18MeV electron beams emitted from a Linear accelerator (LINAC). Linear and non-linear fits to experimental results showed that after an initial linear response up to several Gy, deviation from the linearity occurred due to electric field screening by the radiation induced oxide trapped charges...
June 8, 2017: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622024/comparison-of-radiation-exposure-from-fixed-table-fluoroscopy-to-a-portable-c-arm-during-ureteroscopy
#10
Fernando Cabrera, Richard Shin, Kyle Waisanen, Giao Nguyen, Charles D Scales, Michael N Ferrandino, Glenn M Preminger, Terry T Yoshizumi, Michael Eric Lipkin
INTRODUCTION: Fluoroscopy is widely used during endourologic procedures and is associated with treatment required radiation exposure. Our objective was to estimate patient radiation exposure during fluoroscopy with either a fixed table or portable C-arm using a validated anthropomorphic adult male model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A validated male anthropomorphic model was placed supine on both a cystoscopy operating room table and a fixed fluoroscopy table unit. Metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistor dosimeters were placed at 20 organ-specific locations in the model to measure organ specific dosages...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618854/verification-of-organ-doses-calculated-by-a-dose-monitoring-software-tool-based-on-monte-carlo-simulation-in-thoracic-ct-protocols
#11
Nika Guberina, Saravanabavaan Suntharalingam, Kai Naßenstein, Michael Forsting, Jens Theysohn, Axel Wetter, Adrian Ringelstein
Background The importance of monitoring of the radiation dose received by the human body during computed tomography (CT) examinations is not negligible. Several dose-monitoring software tools emerged in order to monitor and control dose distribution during CT examinations. Some software tools incorporate Monte Carlo Simulation (MCS) and allow calculation of effective dose and organ dose apart from standard dose descriptors. Purpose To verify the results of a dose-monitoring software tool based on MCS in assessment of effective and organ doses in thoracic CT protocols...
January 1, 2017: Acta Radiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610701/sensitivity-and-stability-of-optically-stimulated-luminescence-dosimeters-with-filled-deep-electron-hole-traps-under-pre-irradiation-and-bleaching-conditions
#12
So-Yeon Park, Chang Heon Choi, Jong Min Park, Minsoo Chun, Ji Hye Han, Jung-In Kim
PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate the characteristics of optically stimulated luminescence dosimeters (OSLDs) with fully filled deep electron/hole traps, and determine the optimal bleaching conditions for these OSLDs to minimize the changes in dose sensitivity or linearity according to the accumulated dose. METHODS: InLight nanoDots were used as OSLDs. The OSLDs were first pre-irradiated at a dose greater than 5kGy to fill the deep electron and hole traps, and then bleached (OSLDfull)...
June 2017: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604370/development-of-a-synthetic-single-crystal-diamond-dosimeter-for-dose-measurement-of-clinical-proton-beams
#13
Cyril Moignier, Dominique Tromson, Ludovic de Marzi, Fanny Marsolat, Juan Carlos García Hernández, Mathieu Agelou, Michal Pomorski, Romuald Woo, Jean-Michel Bourbotte, Fabien Moignau, Delphine Lazaro, Alejandro Mazal
The scope of this work was to develop a synthetic single crystal diamond dosimeter (SCDD-Pro) for accurate relative dose measurements of clinical proton beams in water. Monte Carlo simulations were carried out based on the MCNPX code in order to investigate and reduce the dose curve perturbation caused by the SCDD-Pro. In particular, various diamond thicknesses were simulated to evaluate the influence of the active volume thickness (e AV) as well as the influence of the addition of a front silver resin (250 µm in thickness in front of the diamond crystal) on depth-dose curves...
July 7, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602688/quality-control-in-cone-beam-computed-tomography-cbct-efomp-estro-iaea-protocol-summary-report
#14
Hugo de Las Heras Gala, Alberto Torresin, Alexandru Dasu, Osvaldo Rampado, Harry Delis, Irene Hernández Girón, Chrysoula Theodorakou, Jonas Andersson, John Holroyd, Mats Nilsson, Sue Edyvean, Vesna Gershan, Lama Hadid-Beurrier, Christopher Hoog, Gregory Delpon, Ismael Sancho Kolster, Primož Peterlin, Julia Garayoa Roca, Paola Caprile, Costas Zervides
The aim of the guideline presented in this article is to unify the test parameters for image quality evaluation and radiation output in all types of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) systems. The applications of CBCT spread over dental and interventional radiology, guided surgery and radiotherapy. The chosen tests provide the means to objectively evaluate the performance and monitor the constancy of the imaging chain. Experience from all involved associations has been collected to achieve a consensus that is rigorous and helpful for the practice...
June 8, 2017: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600992/a-novel-polydentate-ligand-chromophore-for-simultaneously-colorimetric-detection-of-trace-ag-and-fe3
#15
Zhengquan Yan, Qi Zhao, Meijun Wen, Lei Hu, Xuezhong Zhang, Jinmao You
A novel polydentate ligand chromophore, 3,6-di-(N-ethyl-N-ethoxyl phenylazo) acridine (EEPA), was identified and synthesized. After its structure was characterized by FTIR, (1)H NMR, mass spectra and element analyses, it was noted to find that there was a simultaneously colorimetric response to Ag(+) and Fe(3+) accompanying with different color changes, i.e., from brown to light purple for Ag(+) and further to purple-red for Fe(3+), respectively. Their different action mechanisms, a 1:2 complex mode for EEPA-Ag(+) and 1:1 for EEPA-Fe(3+), were investigated and confirmed by means of Job's plot and theoretical calculation...
June 6, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598130/-radiation-dose-of-body-surface-at-sensitive-organs-and-its-protective-precaution-in-head-ct-scanning-initial-experience
#16
Chun-Chao Xia, Jin Pu, Lei Li, Fei Zhao, Kai Zhang, Yu-Ming Li, Wan-Lin Peng, Jin-Ge Zhang, Zhen-Lin Li
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the radiation dose of body surface at sensitive organs using different protective precaution in head CT scanning. METHODS: The standard phantom received head routine sequence scanning with dual-source computed tomography.The phantoms were scanned with three different protective precaution:group A (without protective clothing),group B (wearing lead collar and cover lead clothes),group C (wearing lead collar and clothes without cuffs).The thermoluminescence dosimeters (TLD) was placed on the body surface corresponding to sensitive organs to measure radiation dose...
November 2016: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595335/results-from-a-new-method-to-assess-the-occupational-lens-dose-in-interventional-radiology
#17
B Cijan, M Mukaj, F Bonutti, E Del Dò, M Floreani, D Kishta, E Martin, M Sponza, Al Mohannadi Salha Saad
Interventional radiology procedures have always been of particular concern because of the potential high dose to the workers. Special attention has recently been given to the lens dose: in 2011 the ICRP issued the recommendation 'Statement on Tissue Reactions' where a new limit of 20 mSv in a year, averaged over defined periods of 5 years, is given. Due to the impossibility of measuring the dose directly on the eye, there is not still a general consensus on a standardized methodology to assess the lens dose, which should be at the same time reliable, robust and simple to implement in practice...
June 8, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595322/the-effects-of-bit-wear-on-respirable-silica-dust-noise-and-productivity-a-hammer-drill-bench-study
#18
Paul Carty, Michael R Cooper, Alan Barr, Richard L Neitzel, John Balmes, David Rempel
Objectives: Hammer drills are used extensively in commercial construction for drilling into concrete for tasks including rebar installation for structural upgrades and anchor bolt installation. This drilling task can expose workers to respirable silica dust and noise. The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the effects of bit wear on respirable silica dust, noise, and drilling productivity. Method: Test bits were worn to three states by drilling consecutive holes to different cumulative drilling depths: 0, 780, and 1560 cm...
June 8, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594461/evaluation-of-a-composite-gel-alanine-phantom-on-an-end-to-end-test-to-treat-multiple-brain-metastases-by-a-single-isocenter-vmat-technique
#19
Juliana Fernandes Pavoni, Wellington Furtado Pimenta Neves, Matheus Antonio da Silveira, Cecília Maria Kalil Haddad, Oswaldo Baffa
PURPOSE: This work aims to evaluate the application of a cylindrical phantom made of dosimetric gel containing alanine pellets distributed inside the gel volume during an end-to-end test of a single isocenter VMAT for simultaneous treatment of multiple brain metastases. The evaluation is based on the comparison of the results obtained with the composite phantom with the treatment planning system (TPS) dose distribution validated by using the clinical conventional quality control with point and planar dose measurements...
June 8, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591863/measurement-of-the-contralateral-breast-photon-and-thermal-neutron-doses-in-breast-cancer-radiotherapy-a-comparison-between-physical-and-dynamic-wedges
#20
Hamed Bagheri, Seyed Rabie Mahdavi, Babak Shekarchi, Farhad Manouchehri, Bagher Farhood
This research aimed to measure the received photon and thermal neutron doses to contralateral breast (CB) in breast cancer radiotherapy for various field sizes in presence of physical and dynamic wedges. The measurement of photon and thermal neutron doses was carried out on right breast region of RANDO phantom (as CB) for 18 MV photon beams. The dose measurements were performed by thermoluminescent dosimeter chips. These measurements obtained for various field sizes in presence of physical and dynamic wedges...
June 7, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
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