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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042999/pien-tze-huang-inhibits-the-proliferation-of-colorectal-cancer-cells-by-increasing-the-expression-of-mir-34c-5p
#1
Yun Wan, Aling Shen, Fei Qi, Jianfeng Chu, Qiaoyan Cai, Thomas Joseph Sferra, Jun Peng, Youqin Chen
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, short endogenous non-coding RNA that act as oncogenes or tumor suppressors, and serve an important role in various human malignant cancers, including colorectal cancer (CRC). Evidence has indicated that miRNAs regulate the expression of various genes associated with human cancer, in particular the miR-34 family. A well-known traditional Chinese formula, Pien Tze Huang (PZH), has a significant clinical effect on CRC. Previous studies have demonstrated that PZH inhibits CRC growth in vitro and in vivo via multiple mechanisms, including the induction of apoptosis, inhibition of cell proliferation and tumor angiogenesis...
October 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036788/knockdown-of-lncrna-ccat2-inhibits-endometrial-cancer-cells-growth-and-metastasis-via-sponging-mir-216b
#2
Pengmu Xie, Hongying Cao, Ying Li, Jianhua Wang, Zhumei Cui
OBJECTIVE: Colon cancer-associated transcript 2 (CCAT2), a novel lncRNA has been reported as an oncogene in several cancers. This study was aimed to explore whether CCAT2 also exerted oncogenic roles in endometrial cancer cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression of CCAT2 in 30 pairs of endometrial cancer and matched non-cancerous tissues were detected by qRT-PCR. Two endometrial cancer cell lines HEC-1-A and RL95-2 were used throughout this study. CCAT2 in cells was silenced by transfection with shRNA targeted CCAT2, then cell growth and metastasis were assessed by performing trypan blue staining, Transwell assay, and flow cytometry...
September 29, 2017: Cancer Biomarkers: Section A of Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035829/mir-129-inhibits-cell-proliferation-and-metastasis-by-targeting-ets1-via-pi3k-akt-mtor-pathway-in-prostate-cancer
#3
Song Xu, Jingping Ge, Zhengyu Zhang, Wenquan Zhou
New evidence suggests that microRNAs (miRNAs) play an important role in regulating the development and progression of prostate cancer. However, their specific functions and mechanisms remained to be further explored. MiR-129 has been reported in gastric cancers, colon cancer and lung cancer. In this study, we disclosed a new tumor suppresser function of miR-129 in prostate cancer. The purpose of our study is to clarify the effects of miR-129 in cellular processes correlated with cancer development and progression of prostate cancer cell by regulating ETS1...
October 13, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029434/silencing-protein-kinase-c-%C3%AE-by-microrna-25-5p-activates-ampk-signaling-and-inhibits-colorectal-cancer-cell-proliferation
#4
Shihu Zhang, Yiyang Zhang, Qing Cheng, Zhaoqun Ma, Guanwen Gong, Zhengming Deng, Kun Xu, Gaoyuan Wang, Yousong Wei, Xiaoping Zou
Developing novel strategies against human colorectal cancer (CRC) cells is needed. Activation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) could possibly inhibit CRC cells. Protein kinase C ζ (PKCζ) is an AMPK negative regulator. Here we found that PKCζ expression was significantly elevated in human colon cancer tissues and CRC cells. PKCζ upregulation was correlated with AMPK in-activation and mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1) over-activation. Reversely, PKCζ shRNA knockdown activated AMPK signaling and inhibited HT-29 cell proliferation...
September 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024383/down-regulation-of-lncrna-ccat1-enhances-radiosensitivity-via-regulating-mir-148b-in-breast-cancer
#5
Yong Lai, Yang Chen, Yuanhong Lin, Ling Ye
LncRNA colon-cancer-associated transcript-1 (CCAT1) was proved to be a potential prognostic biomarker for breast cancer progression. However, the role of CCAT1 in regulating radiosensitivity of breast cancer and its underlying mechanism have not been investigated. The present study showed that CCAT1 was up-regulated and miR-148b was down-regulated in radioresistant breast cancer tissues compared with radiosensitive breast cancer tissues. Radiation treatment triggered a significant increase in CCAT1 and an obvious decrease in miR-148b...
October 11, 2017: Cell Biology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022915/wild-type-and-mutant-p53-differentially-modulate-mir-124-iaspp-feedback-following-pohotodynamic-therapy-in-human-colon-cancer-cell-line
#6
Kuijie Liu, Weidong Chen, Sanlin Lei, Li Xiong, Hua Zhao, Dong Liang, Zhendong Lei, Nanjiang Zhou, Hongliang Yao, Ying Liang
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a most common digestive system malignant tumor. p53 mutation has essential role in cancers and is frequently observed in CRC and presents a huge challenge. p53 mutation has been reported to attenuate the inhibitory effect of photofrin-based photodynamic therapy (PDT). p53 mutation-induced gain of function brings up the dysfunction of carcinogenic factors, including miRNAs. Our research found that PDT suppressed CRC cell viability, reduced the tumor size and prolonged the survival time, all of which could be attenuated by p53 mutation or deletion...
October 12, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020498/lncrna-ccat1-mir-130a-3p-axis-increases-cisplatin-resistance-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-cell-line-by-targeting-sox4
#7
Baoli Hu, Haifeng Zhang, Zuopei Wang, Feng Zhang, Haitao Wei, Li Li
BACKGROUND: Colon cancer-associated transcript-1 (CCAT1) has been demonstrated to act as an oncogene and promote chemoresistance in several cancers. However, little is known about the underlying mechanism of CCAT1 in cisplatin (DDP) resistance of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells. METHODS: qRT-PCR was performed to detect the expression levels of CCAT, miR-130a-3p, or sex-determining region Y-box 4 (SOX4) mRNA. Luciferase reporter assay, RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP), and qRT-PCR analysis were carried out to explore the potential targets of CCAT1 or miR-130a-3p...
October 11, 2017: Cancer Biology & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017096/enhancing-mir-132-expression-by-aryl-hydrocarbon-receptor-attenuates-tumorigenesis-associated-with-chronic-colitis
#8
Abdullah M Alzahrani, Hamza Hanieh, Hairul-Islam Mohamed Ibrahim, Omar Mohafez, Tamer Shehata, Mohammad Bani Ismail, Manal Alfwuaires
BACKGROUND: Chronic inflammation in ulcerative colitis (UC) patients is the major risk factor for colitis-associated colon cancer (CAC). Recent evidences have shown that microRNAs (miRNAs) are implicated in CAC pathogenesis. However, the interaction of miRNAs with the transcription factors that alleviate CAC has not been reported. METHODS: 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) or 3,3'-diindolylmethane (DIM) were used to activate aryl hydrocarbon receptor (Ahr) in azoxymethane (AOM)/dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced CAC in mice...
October 7, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987942/mir-205-regulation-of-ict1-has-an-oncogenic-potential-via-promoting-the-migration-and-invasion-of-gastric-cancer-cells
#9
Youmao Tao, Yan Song, Tao Han, Changjing Wang, Tongquan Zhao, Ye Gu
Immature colon carcinoma transcript-1 (ICT1) is a newly identified oncogene, which regulates mobility, apoptosis, cell cycle progression and proliferation of cancer cells. Nevertheless, the role of ICT1 and its clinical significance in gastric cancer (GC) is largely uncovered. Here, we found that ICT1 displayed higher expression in GC tissues compared to corresponding tumor-adjacent tissues. Further investigation confirmed ICT1 overexpression in GC cell lines. Clinical data disclosed that high ICT1 expression correlated with distant metastasis and advanced tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) stage...
October 4, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980150/comparison-of-circulating-mirnas-expression-alterations-in-matched-tissue-and-plasma-samples-during-colorectal-cancer-progression
#10
Zsófia Brigitta Nagy, Barbara Kinga Barták, Alexandra Kalmár, Orsolya Galamb, Barnabás Wichmann, Magdolna Dank, Péter Igaz, Zsolt Tulassay, Béla Molnár
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been found to play a critical role in colorectal adenoma-carcinoma sequence. MiRNA-specific high-throughput arrays became available to detect promising miRNA expression alterations even in biological fluids, such as plasma samples, where miRNAs are stable. The purpose of this study was to identify circulating miRNAs showing altered expression between normal colonic (N), tubular adenoma (ADT), tubulovillous adenoma (ADTV) and colorectal cancer (CRC) matched plasma and tissue samples. Sixteen peripheral plasma and matched tissue biopsy samples (N n = 4; ADT n = 4; ADTV n = 4; CRC n = 4) were selected, and total RNA including miRNA fraction was isolated...
October 4, 2017: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977865/a-functional-variant-in-grem1-confers-risk-for-colorectal-cancer-by-disrupting-a-hsa-mir-185-3p-binding-site
#11
Jiaoyuan Li, Hui Liu, Li Zou, Juntao Ke, Yi Zhang, Ying Zhu, Yang Yang, Yajie Gong, Jianbo Tian, Danyi Zou, Xiating Peng, Jing Gong, Rong Zhong, Kun Huang, Jiang Chang, Xiaoping Miao
The transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) pathway has been implicated in carcinogenesis of intestinal canal. Except for common variants indentified by genome-wide association studies, variants with lower frequency can also explain a part of the disease heritability, especially those in gene regulatory regions. In this study, we searched for colorectal cancer (CRC) related functional low-frequency variants (minor allele frequency 1-5%) in untranslated regions (UTR) involved in the TGF-β signaling using a next-generation sequencing based approach...
September 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969027/mir-223-promotes-colon-cancer-by-directly-targeting-p120-catenin
#12
Liwei Liu, Chao Zhang, Xiyu Li, Wenjia Sun, Shenghui Qin, Lingzhi Qin, Xi Wang
microRNA (miRNA) dysregulation is frequently observed in colon cancer. Previous studies found that miR-223 is upregulated in colon cancer and functions as an oncogene. Conversely, p120 is often downregulated or even absent in colon cancer, and is a likely tumor suppressor. The present study showed that increased miR-223 and decreased p120 levels are associated with colon cancer malignancy, and p120 expression is negatively correlated with miR-223 expression. A dual luciferase reporter assay showed that miR-223 directly targets p120...
September 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965333/preliminary-identification-of-key-mirnas-signaling-pathways-and-genes-associated-with-hirschsprung-s-disease-by-analysis-of-tissue-microrna-expression-profiles
#13
Zhi-Gang Gao, Qing-Jiang Chen, Min Shao, Yun-Zhong Qian, Li-Feng Zhang, Yue-Bin Zhang, Qi-Xing Xiong
BACKGROUND: Hirschsprung's disease (HSCR) is a congenital gut motility disorder of infants, and if left untreated, it is fatal to the affected infants. This study aimed to identify key microRNAs (miRNAs), signaling pathways and genes involved in the pathogenesis of HSCR. METHODS: The miRNA microarray dataset GSE77296 was downloaded. Nine colon tissue samples were available: six from HSCR patients and three matched control samples. Differentially expressed miRNAs (DEMs) were identified after data preprocessing...
October 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964256/a-novel-mechanism-of-lncrna-and-mirna-interaction-ccat2-regulates-mir-145-expression-by-suppressing-its-maturation-process-in-colon-cancer-cells
#14
Yingjie Yu, Pratima Nangia-Makker, Lulu Farhana, Adhip P N Majumdar
BACKGROUND: Although both long and micro RNAs are emerging as important functional components in colorectal cancer (CRC) progression and metastasis, the mechanism of their interaction remains poorly understood. CCAT2 (Colon cancer-associated transcript-2), a long noncoding RNA (lncRNA), has been reported to be over-expressed in CRC and is found to promote tumor growth. miRNAs, a class of naturally occurring short RNAs negatively control the expression of target genes by cleaving mRNA or through translation repression...
September 30, 2017: Molecular Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960206/mir-148a-inhibits-colitis-and-colitis-associated-tumorigenesis-in-mice
#15
Yahui Zhu, Li Gu, Yajun Li, Xi Lin, Hongxing Shen, Kaisa Cui, Li Chen, Feng Zhou, Qiu Zhao, Jinxiang Zhang, Bo Zhong, Edward Prochownik, Youjun Li
miR-148a has been shown to regulate inflammation, immunity and the growth of certain tumors, but its roles in colitis and colorectal tumorigenesis remain largely undetermined. Here we found miR-148a-deficient mice to be more susceptible to colitis and colitis-associated tumorigenesis. Both were associated with increased nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) and signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) signaling. Bone marrow- and non-bone marrow-derived miR-148a contributed to colitis and colitis-associated tumorigenesis...
September 29, 2017: Cell Death and Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954383/long-non-coding-rna-casc7-inhibits-the-proliferation-and-migration-of-colon-cancer-cells-via-inhibiting-microrna-21
#16
Ziwen Zhang, Chaojun Fu, Quanyu Xu, Xiaoli Wei
Recent evidences highlight the crucial regulatory roles of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNA) in tumor biology. LncRNA CASC7 is a ∼9.3kb lncRNA whose function is currently unknown. The present study aimed to investigate the expression of CASC7 in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) and its effect on CRC cells. The expression levels of CASC7, miR-21 and ING3 were estimated by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) or western blot in CRC tissues and CRC cell lines (SW480 and HCT-116)...
September 23, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947883/network-analysis-based-on-tcga-reveals-hub-genes-in-colon-cancer
#17
Fenzan Wu, Guoping Yuan, Junjie Chen, Chengzu Wang
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most widespread cancer in the world. Although many advances have been made in molecular biology, novel approaches are still required to reveal molecular mechanisms for the diagnosis and therapy of colon cancer. In this study, we aimed to determine and analyse the hub genes of CRC. First, we explored the mRNA and microRNA (miRNA) expression profiles of colon carcinoma, then we screened target genes of differentially expressed miRNAs and obtained the intersection between differently expressed genes and target genes...
2017: Contemporary Oncology Współczesna Onkologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943452/long-non-coding-rna-hnf1a-as1-mediated-repression-of-mir-34a-sirt1-p53-feedback-loop-promotes-the-metastatic-progression-of-colon-cancer-by-functioning-as-a-competing-endogenous-rna
#18
Changyi Fang, Shenglong Qiu, Feng Sun, Wei Li, Ziqi Wang, Ben Yue, Xuesong Wu, Dongwang Yan
In recent years, accumulating evidence indicates that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have emerged as powerful influence factors in the progression of multiple malignancies. Dysregulation of lncRNA HNF1A-antisense 1 (HNF1A-AS1) has been reported in many types of human cancers, and studies on HNF1A-AS1 function in cancers revealed that HNF1A-AS1could act as either oncogene or tumor suppressor. Nevertheless, the functional involvement of HNF1A-AS1 in colon cancer remains unknown. In this study, we reported that HNF1A-AS1 was frequently upregulated in colon cancer tissues and associated with poor prognosis...
September 21, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938919/mir-19b-3p-promotes-colon-cancer-proliferation-and-oxaliplatin-based-chemoresistance-by-targeting-smad4-validation-by-bioinformatics-and-experimental-analyses
#19
Tao Jiang, Ling Ye, Zhongbo Han, Yuan Liu, Yinxue Yang, Zhihai Peng, Junwei Fan
BACKGROUND: As a disease with extremely complex molecular mechanisms, many deregulated miRNAs have been identified in colon cancer. Few studies have been performed by using Ingenuity Pathways Analysis (IPA) to predict miRNAs specifically expressed in colon cancer. METHODS: A characteristic microRNA-target network of colon cancer was explored using IPA. Then the clinical significance of miR-19b-3p was evaluated in 211 colon cancer patients. The roles of miR-19b-3p and its candidate target gene, SMAD4, in colon cancer progression were examined both in vitro and in vivo...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938537/mir-590-3p-promotes-proliferation-and-metastasis-of-colorectal-cancer-via-hippo-pathway
#20
Zhen-Qiang Sun, Ke Shi, Quan-Bo Zhou, Xiang-Yue Zeng, Jinbo Liu, Shuai-Xi Yang, Qi-San Wang, Zhen Li, Gui-Xian Wang, Jun-Min Song, Wei-Tang Yuan, Hai-Jiang Wang
Studies reported that miR-590-3p was involved in human cancer progression. However, its roles of oncogene or anti-oncogene in malignancies still remain elusive. This study was aimed to investigate the effect of miR-590-3p on the cell proliferation and metastasis via Hippo pathway in colorectal cancer (CRC). In our study, miR-590-3p was demonstrated highly expressed in CRC tissues, compared with adjacent normal tissues (P<0.05). In addition, miR-590-3p was positively associated with TNM stage and distant metastasis...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
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