keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Atropin

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136777/anti-hypertensive-and-vasodilatory-effects-of-amended-banxia-baizhu-tianma-tang
#1
Chu Shan Tan, Yean Chun Loh, Chiew Hoong Ng, Yung Sing Ch'ng, Mohd Zaini Asmawi, Mariam Ahmad, Mun Fei Yam
Although Banxia Baizhu Tianma Tang (BBT) has been long administered for hypertensive treatment in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), the ratio of the herbal components that makes up the formulation has not been optimized with respect to the anti-hypertensive effect that it inherently possesses. A newly amended BBT (ABBT) formulation was developed using the evidence-based approach of orthogonal stimulus-response compatibility model. The ABBT showed enhanced therapeutic effect while maintaining its traditional theoretical approach rooted in TCM...
November 7, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136135/sarin-exposures-in-a-cohort-of-british-military-participants-in-human-experimental-research-at-porton-down-1945-1987
#2
Thomas J Keegan, Lucy M Carpenter, Claire Brooks, Toby Langdon, Katherine M Venables
Background: The effects of exposure to chemical warfare agents in humans are topical. Porton Down is the UK's centre for research on chemical warfare where, since WWI, a programme of experiments involving ~30000 participants drawn from the UK armed services has been undertaken. Objectives: Our aim is to report on exposures to nerve agents, particularly sarin, using detailed exposure data not explored in a previous analysis. Methods: In this paper, we have used existing data on exposures to servicemen who attended the human volunteer programme at Porton Down to examine exposures to nerve agents in general and to sarin in particular...
November 9, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133646/efficacy-of-1-atropine-eye-drops-in-retarding-progressive-axial-myopia-in-indian-eyes
#3
Mihir Kothari, Vivek Rathod
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to assess the efficacy of 1% atropine eye drops for the retardation of progressive axial myopia in Indian eyes. METHODS: This prospective interventional cohort study included children aged 5-16 years. Both the eyes of myopic children with progressive increase of ≥-0.5D sphere/year with the best-corrected vision of ≥6/6 were treated with once a day application of 1% atropine eye drops and progressive addition photogray lenses...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129799/post-exposure-treatment-with-the-oxime-rs194b-rapidly-reactivates-and-reverses-advanced-symptoms-of-lethal-inhaled-paraoxon-in-macaques
#4
Yvonne J Rosenberg, Jerry Wang, Tara Ooms, Narayanan Rajendran, Lingjun Mao, Xiaoming Jiang, Jonathan Lees, Lori Urban, Jeremiah Romper, Yadire Sepulveda, Yan-Jye Shyong, Palmer Taylor
Fatalities from organophosphate (OP) insecticide result from both occupational and deliberate exposure; significantly impacting human health. Like nerve agents, insecticides are neurotoxins which target and inhibit acetylcholinesterases (AChE) in central and peripheral synapses in the cholinergic nervous system. Post-exposure therapeutic countermeasures generally include administration of atropine with a pyridinium aldoximes e.g. pralidoxime, to reactivate the OP-inhibited AChE. However, commonly used oximes inefficiently cross the blood brain barrier and are rapidly cleared and their benefit is debated...
November 9, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129798/the-efficacy-of-hi-6-dms-in-a-sustained-infusion-against-percutaneous-vx-poisoning-in-the-guinea-pig
#5
C Whitmore, A R Cook, T Mann, M E Price, E Emery, N Roughley, D Flint, S Stubbs, S J Armstrong, H Rice, J E H Tattersall
Post-exposure nerve agent treatment usually includes administration of an oxime, which acts to restore function of the enzyme acetylcholinesterase (AChE). For immediate treatment of military personnel, this is usually administered with an autoinjector device, or devices containing the oxime such as pralidoxime, atropine and diazepam. In addition to the autoinjector, it is likely that personnel exposed to nerve agents, particularly by the percutaneous route, will require further treatment at medical facilities...
November 9, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128789/diuretic-and-natriuretic-effect-of-luteolin-in-normotensive-and-hypertensive-rats-role-of-muscarinic-acetylcholine-receptors
#6
Thaise Boeing, Luísa Mota da Silva, Marihá Mariott, Sérgio Faloni de Andrade, Priscila de Souza
BACKGROUND: Luteolin is a very common phenolic compound found in a wide variety of natural products. Although several biological properties have already been described regarding the beneficial effect of luteolin in the cardiovascular and renal system, no scientific research explored its potential effect as a diuretic agent in experimental trials. METHODS: Groups of male normotensive (NTR) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) were orally treated with vehicle, hydrochlorothiazide or luteolin...
May 24, 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128314/early-changes-in-m2-muscarinic-acetylcholine-receptors-machrs-induced-by-sarin-intoxication-may-be-linked-to-long-lasting-neurological-effects
#7
Zipora Pittel, Shlomi Lazar, Rellie Gez, Shira Chapman
The effect of sarin on the binding parameters (KD & Bmax) of M2 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (mAChR) was studied 24h and 1 week post exposure. Male & female Sprague-Daweley rats were poisoned with 1XLD50 sarin (80μg/kg, im) followed by treatment of trimedoxime bromide and atropine (7.5:5mg/kg, im) 1min later. Brains were removed and analyzed for M2 mAChR binding, using [(3)H]AFDX384, an M2 selective antagonist. A significant increase in KD of M2 mAChR was found in the cortex 24h post poisoning, displaying elevation from 4...
November 8, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127032/efficacy-of-the-antinicotinic-compound-mb327-against-soman-poisoning-importance-of-experimental-end-point
#8
M E Price, C L Whitmore, J E H Tattersall, A C Green, H Rice
Medical countermeasures for acute poisoning by organophosphorus nerve agents are generally assessed over 24h following poisoning and a single administration of treatment. At 24h, the antinicotinic bispyridinium compound MB327 (1,10-(propane-1,3-diyl)bis(4-tert-butylpyridinium)) dimethanesulfonate is as effective as the oxime HI-6 against poisoning by soman, when used as part of a treatment containing atropine and avizafone. In this study, we hypothesised that an earlier endpoint, at 6h, would be more appropriate for the pharmacokinetics and mechanism of action of MB327 and would therefore result in improved protection...
November 7, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127015/oxotremorine-m-potentiates-nmda-receptors-by-muscarinic-receptor-dependent-and-independent-mechanisms
#9
Ruud Zwart, Hannah Reed, Emanuele Sher
Muscarinic acetylcholine M1 receptors play an important role in synaptic plasticity in the hippocampus and cortex. Potentiation of NMDA receptors as a consequence of muscarinic acetylcholine M1 receptor activation is a crucial event mediating the cholinergic modulation of synaptic plasticity, which is a cellular mechanism for learning and memory. In Alzheimer's disease, the cholinergic input to the hippocampus and cortex is severely degenerated, and agonists or positive allosteric modulators of M1 receptors are therefore thought to be of potential use to treat the deficits in cognitive functions in Alzheimer's disease...
November 7, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123207/atropine-augments-cardiac-contractility-by-inhibiting-camp-specific-phosphodiesterase-type-4
#10
Ruwan K Perera, Thomas H Fischer, Michael Wagner, Matthias Dewenter, Christiane Vettel, Nadja I Bork, Lars S Maier, Marco Conti, Juergen Wess, Ali El-Armouche, Gerd Hasenfuß, Viacheslav O Nikolaev
Atropine is a clinically relevant anticholinergic drug, which blocks inhibitory effects of the parasympathetic neurotransmitter acetylcholine on heart rate leading to tachycardia. However, many cardiac effects of atropine cannot be adequately explained solely by its antagonism at muscarinic receptors. In isolated mouse ventricular cardiomyocytes expressing a Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET)-based cAMP biosensor, we confirmed that atropine inhibited acetylcholine-induced decreases in cAMP. Unexpectedly, even in the absence of acetylcholine, after G-protein inactivation with pertussis toxin or in myocytes from M2- or M1/3-muscarinic receptor knockout mice, atropine increased cAMP levels that were pre-elevated with the β-adrenergic agonist isoproterenol...
November 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122673/involvement-of-dual-mechanisms-of-anti-muscarinic-and-ca-antagonistic-activities-to-validate-the-folkloric-uses-of-cyperus-niveus-retz-in-multiple-gastrointestinal-ailments
#11
Ambreen Aleem, Khalid Hussain Janbaz
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Cyperus species are famous for their traditional uses and very commonly used for their anti-spasmodic and anti-diarrheal activities. Cyperus niveus Retz. is used in local traditional system of medicine in Pakistan to treat various gastrointestinal ailments. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of the study was to validate the traditional uses and to provide the possible mechanisms for the medicinal use of Cyperus niveus Retz. in gastrointestinal ailments...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121915/clinical-monitoring-of-cardiac-output-assessed-by-transoesophageal-echocardiography-in-anaesthetised-dogs-a-comparison-with-the-thermodilution-technique
#12
Matheus M Mantovani, Denise T Fantoni, André M Gimenes, Jacqueline R de Castro, Patrícia B Flor, Keila K Ida, Denise S Schwartz
BACKGROUND: Cardiac output (CO) is an important haemodynamic parameter to monitor in patients during surgery. However, the majority of the techniques for measuring CO have a limited application in veterinary practice due to their invasive approach and associated complexity and risks. Transoesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is a technique used to monitor cardiac function in human patients during surgical procedures and allows CO to be measured non-invasively. This prospective clinical study aimed to compare the transoesophageal echocardiography using a transgastric view of the left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) and the thermodilution (TD) technique for the assessment of CO during mean arterial pressure of 65-80 mmHg (normotension) and <65 mmHg (hypotension) in dogs undergoing elective surgery...
November 9, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117635/evaluation-of-the-influence-of-three-newly-developed-bispyridinium-anti-nicotinic-compounds-mb408-mb442-mb444-on-the-efficacy-of-antidotal-treatment-of-nerve-agent-poisoning-in-mice
#13
Jiri Kassa, Christopher M Timperley, Mike Bird, Rebecca L Williams, A Christopher Green, John E H Tattersall
The influence of three newly-developed bispyridinium antinicotinic compounds (the non-oximes MB408, MB442 and MB444) on the therapeutic efficacy of a standard antidotal treatment (atropine in combination with an oxime) of acute poisoning by the organophosphorus nerve agents tabun and soman was studied in mice. The therapeutic efficacy of atropine in combination with an oxime with or without one of the bispyridinium non-oximes was evaluated by determination of the LD50 values of the nerve agents and measurement of the survival time after supralethal poisoning...
November 8, 2017: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107282/the-autonomic-nervous-system-and-cardiac-glp-1-receptors-control-heart-rate-in-mice
#14
Laurie L Baggio, John R Ussher, Brent A McLean, Xiemin Cao, M Golam Kabir, Erin E Mulvihill, Alexandra S Mighiu, Hangjun Zhang, Andreas Ludwig, Randy J Seeley, Scott P Heximer, Daniel J Drucker
OBJECTIVES: Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is secreted from enteroendocrine cells and exerts a broad number of metabolic actions through activation of a single GLP-1 receptor (GLP-1R). The cardiovascular actions of GLP-1 have garnered increasing attention as GLP-1R agonists are used to treat human subjects with diabetes and obesity that may be at increased risk for development of heart disease. Here we studied mechanisms linking GLP-1R activation to control of heart rate (HR) in mice...
November 2017: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107209/phkv-a-toxin-isolated-from-the-spider-venom-induces-antinociception-by-inhibition-of-cholinesterase-activating-cholinergic-system
#15
Flavia Karine Rigo, Mateus Fortes Rossato, Gabriela Trevisan, Samira Dal-Toé De Prá, Rafael Porto Ineu, Mariane Bernardo Duarte, Célio José de Castro Junior, Juliano Ferreira, Marcus Vinicius Gomez
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Cholinergic agents cause antinociception by mimicking the release of acetylcholine (ACh) from spinal cholinergic nerves. PhKv is a peptide isolated from the venom of the armed spider Phoneutria nigriventer. It has an antiarrythmogenic activity that involves the enhanced release of acetylcholine. The aim of this study was to investigate whether PhKv had an antinociceptive action in mice. METHODS: Male albino Swiss mice (25-35g) were used in this study...
October 26, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104018/the-influence-of-midazolam-on-heart-rate-arises-from-cardiac-autonomic-tones-alterations-in-burmese-pythons-python-molurus
#16
Ivã Guidini Lopes, Vinicius Araújo Armelin, Victor Hugo da Silva Braga, Luiz Henrique Florindo
The GABAA receptor agonist midazolam is a compound widely used as a tranquilizer and sedative in mammals and reptiles. It is already known that this benzodiazepine produces small to intermediate heart rate (HR) alterations in mammals, however, its influence on reptiles' HR remains unexplored. Thus, the present study sought to verify the effects of midazolam on HR and cardiac modulation in the snake Python molurus. To do so, the snakes' HR, cardiac autonomic tones, and HR variability were evaluated during four different experimental stages...
October 28, 2017: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103011/seizure-triggered-by-sick-sinus-syndrome
#17
Nilesh Patel, Faisal Majeed, Anupam Ashutosh Sule
Sick sinus syndrome (SSS) is a dysfunction of sinoatrial node resulting in symptomatic bradycardia or sinus pauses causing decreased cardiac output with cerebral hypoperfusion and usually presents as syncope, presyncope or fatigue. The occurrence of a seizure is very rare. A 69-year-old man suffered two episodes of generalised tonic-clonic seizures. MRI and electroencephalogram failed to reveal the cause of seizures. In the emergency room, he experienced presyncope simultaneous to bradycardia and sinus pauses...
November 4, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099437/isotretinoin-induced-angle-closure-and-myopic-shift
#18
Young-Myoung Park, Tae-Eun Lee
PURPOSE: To report and describe the management a rare case of transient bilateral angle closure with increased intraocular pressure (IOP) and myopic shift while on isotretinoin therapy for acne. METHODS: A 28-year-old woman presented with bilateral myopic shift, angle closure with IOP increase, and supraciliary effusion 1 week after acne therapy with isotretinoin. Two weeks after stopping isotretinoin, and treatment with topical prednisolone acetate, atropine, and fixed combination of timolol and dorzolamide, refraction, IOP returned to normal and supraciliary effusions was decreased on ultrasound biomicroscopy...
November 2017: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092846/bdnf-overexpression-in-bladder-induces-neuronal-changes-to-mediate-bladder-overactivity
#19
Mahendra Kashyap, Subrata Pore, William C de Groat, Christopher Chermansky, Naoki Yoshimura, Pradeep Tyagi
Elevated levels of brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in urine of overactive bladder (OAB) patients support the association of BDNF with OAB symptoms, but the causality is not known. Here, we investigated the functionality of BDNF overexpression in rat bladder following bladder wall transfection of either BDNF or luciferase transgenes (10µg). A week after transfection, BDNF overexpression in bladder tissue and elevation of urine BDNF levels was observed together with increased transcript of BDNF, its cognate receptors (TrkB & p75NTR) and downstream PLCγ isoforms in bladder...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081417/change-in-odor-identification-impairment-is-associated-with-improvement-with%C3%A2-cholinesterase-inhibitor-treatment-in%C3%A2-mild-cognitive-impairment
#20
D P Devanand, Cody Lentz, Richard E Chunga, Adam Ciarleglio, Jennifer M Scodes, Howard Andrews, Peter W Schofield, Yaakov Stern, Edward D Huey, Karen Bell, Gregory H Pelton
BACKGROUND: Anticholinergic challenge can induce odor identification impairment that indicates Alzheimer's disease pathology. OBJECTIVE: To determine if decline in odor identification ability with anticholinergic challenge can predict improvement with donepezil, a cholinesterase inhibitor (ChEI), in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). METHODS: At baseline, the University of Pennsylvania Smell identification Test (UPSIT) was administered before and after an anticholinergic atropine nasal spray challenge...
October 21, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
keyword
keyword
78098
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"