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Obesity and asthma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788027/the-neonatal-microbiome-and-its-partial-role-in-mediating-the-association-between-birth-by-cesarean-section-and-adverse-pediatric-outcomes
#1
Diana Montoya-Williams, Dominick J Lemas, Lisa Spiryda, Keval Patel, O'neshia Olivia Carney, Josef Neu, Tiffany L Carson
BACKGROUND: Cesarean sections (CS) are among the most commonly performed surgical procedures in the world. Epidemiologic data has associated delivery by CS with an increased risk of certain adverse health outcomes in children, such as asthma and obesity. OBJECTIVE: To explore what is known about the effect of mode of delivery on the development of the infant microbiome and discuss the potentially mediating role of CS-related microbial dysbiosis in the development of adverse pediatric health outcomes...
May 22, 2018: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786596/-coexistence-of-asthma-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-review-of-the-literature
#2
Magdalena Pawelec-Winiarz, Anna Brzecka
Both asthma and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) syndrome are frequent diseases and their coexistence may implicate important consequences. The incidence of OSA syndrome among the patients with asthma is higher than in the general population, especially in the patients with nocturnal symptoms persisting despite treatment, in patients frequently admitted to hospital because of the exacerbations of asthma, and in obese patients. The causes of frequent coexistence of asthma and OSA syndrome are not fully elucidated...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784755/intergenerational-associations-of-parent-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-child-health-outcomes
#3
Félice Lê-Scherban, Xi Wang, Kathryn H Boyle-Steed, Lee M Pachter
BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) robustly predict future morbidity and mortality. Researchers are just beginning to investigate intergenerational effects. We hypothesize there are intergenerational associations between parent ACE exposure and worse child health, health behaviors, and health care access and use. METHODS: We linked data from 2 population-based cross-sectional telephone surveys in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, that were used to ask parents about their past exposure to ACEs and their child's health, respectively...
May 21, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780807/a-critical-review-of-the-bacterial-baptism-hypothesis-and-the-impact-of-cesarean-delivery-on-the-infant-microbiome
#4
REVIEW
Lisa F Stinson, Matthew S Payne, Jeffrey A Keelan
Numerous studies suggest that infants delivered by cesarean section are at a greater risk of non-communicable diseases than their vaginal counterparts. In particular, epidemiological studies have linked Cesarean delivery with increased rates of asthma, allergies, autoimmune disorders, and obesity. Mode of delivery has also been associated with differences in the infant microbiome. It has been suggested that these differences are attributable to the "bacterial baptism" of vaginal birth, which is bypassed in cesarean deliveries, and that the abnormal establishment of the early-life microbiome is the mediator of later-life adverse outcomes observed in cesarean delivered infants...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780586/asthma-related-health-services-and-asthma-control-among-women-in-puerto-rico
#5
María Calixta Ortiz-Rivera
Objectives: This study evaluates social, behavioral, and environmental determinants to differentiate between active and inactive asthma and how predisposing, enabling, and need factors elucidate asthma-related health services and asthma control among women in Puerto Rico. Methods: This study analyzed secondary cross-sectional data from a subsample of 625 adult females who participated in the Asthma Call Back Survey in Puerto Rico. Logistic and multinomial regression analyses were conducted to examine associations between explanatory variables and asthma outcomes...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778650/obesity-surgery-makes-patients-healthier-and-more-functional-real-world-results-from-the-united-kingdom-national-bariatric-surgery-registry
#6
Alexander Dimitri Miras, Kamocka Anna, Patel Darshan, Dexter Simon, Finlay Ian, Hopkins C James, Khan Omar, Reddy Marcus, Sedman Peter, Small Peter, Somers Shaw, Suzie Cro, Walton Peter, le Roux Carel W, Welbourn Richard
BACKGROUND: The National Bariatric Surgery Registry (NBSR) is the largest bespoke database in the field in the United Kingdom. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to analyze the NBSR to determine whether the effects of obesity surgery on associated co-morbidities observed in small, randomized controlled clinical trials could be replicated in a "real life" setting within U.K. healthcare. SETTING: United Kingdom. METHODS: All NBSR entries for operations between 2000 and 2015 with associated demographic and co-morbidity data were analyzed retrospectively...
February 15, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774708/-communicating-data-of-the-italian-ninfea-birth-cohort
#7
Lorenzo Richiardi, Maja Popovic, Daniela Zugna, Franca Rusconi, Franco Merletti, Costanza Pizzi
"In March 2016, the website of the NINFEA project (an Internet-based cohort set up to investigate the effects of exposures acting early in life) was enriched with the section «Data», which reports aggregated data for selected variables of the cohort. This article discusses the rationale for this new section, available data and their possible uses are described, and some results are compared with figures accessible from surveillance studies. The Italian birth cohort NINFEA includes 7,500 pregnant women, recruited through the Internet from 2005 to June 2016, and of their children, followed up with repeated questionnaires...
March 2018: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771599/clinical-characterization-of-children-with-resistant-airflow-obstruction-a-multicenter-study
#8
Sankaran Krishnan, Allen J Dozor, Leonard Bacharier, Jason E Lang, Charles G Irvin, David Kaminsky, Harold J Farber, Lynn Gerald, Mark Brown, Janet T Holbrook, Robert A Wise, Julie Ryu, Sonali Bose, Yasin Razan, Joy Saams, Robert J Henderson, William G Teague
OBJECTIVE: To characterize a cohort of children with airflow limitation resistant to bronchodilator (BD) therapy. METHODS: Pulmonary function tests performed in children 6-17 years of age at 15 centers in a clinical research consortium were screened for resistant airflow limitation, defined as a post-BD FEV1 and/or an FEV1 /FVC less than the lower limits of normal. Demographic and clinical data were analyzed for associations with pulmonary function. RESULTS: 582 children were identified...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771333/multiple-comorbid-conditions-sleep-quality-and-duration-and-academic-performance-in-urban-children-with-asthma
#9
Katharine C Reynolds, Julie Boergers, Sheryl J Kopel, Daphne Koinis-Mitchell
Objective: Common comorbid medical conditions including allergic rhinitis (AR), obesity, and sleep disordered breathing (SDB) have been linked with asthma exacerbations; however, these conditions also impact sleep and academic functioning. The current study sought to examine unique and combined associations of these common comorbidities on sleep and academic performance among urban minority children with persistent asthma. We expected additional comorbid diagnoses would be associated with poorer sleep and academic functioning...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768270/associations-of-current-wheeze-and-body-mass-index-with-perennial-and-seasonal-allergic-rhinitis-in-young-adults
#10
Munehiro Matsumoto, Satoshi Konno, Hirokazu Kimura, Nozomu Takei, Hiroki Kimura, Kaoruko Shimizu, Houman Goudarzi, Masaru Suzuki, Satoshi Hashino, Masaharu Nishimura
BACKGROUND: The coexistence of asthma and allergic rhinitis (AR) and its distinct association with obesity have been reported. However, few studies have differentiated the two types of AR, i.e., perennial (PAR) and seasonal AR (SAR), with regard to their associations with asthma and obesity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the coexistence of current wheeze and two types of AR and the impact of body mass index (BMI) on these two conditions in Japanese young adults. METHODS: First-year students from Hokkaido University were enrolled into this study from 2011 to 2016...
May 16, 2018: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764626/25-hydroxvitamin-d-concentrations-are-not-lower-in-children-with-bronchial-asthma-atopic-dermatitis-obesity-or-attention-deficient-hyperactivity-disorder-than-in-healthy-children
#11
Thomas Reinehr, Christian Langrock, Eckard Hamelmann, Thomas Lücke, Cordula Koerner-Rettberg, Martin Holtmann, Tanja Legenbauer, Stephanie Gest, Mirjam Frank, Börge Schmidt, Katharina Radkowski, Karl-Heinz Jöckel
Vitamin D (vitD) is involved in immune regulation, and its receptor has been identified in several tissues including lung, adipose tissue, brain, and skin. Based on these observations, it has been suggested that vitD has an essential role not only in bone metabolism but also in other diseases such as atopic dermatitis (AD), bronchial asthma (BA), attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and obesity because the affected tissues express vitD receptors. Furthermore, obesity, AD, and BA are regarded as inflammatory diseases...
April 2018: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756983/-endocrine-disruptors-in-artificial-nutrition
#12
Maria B Badia Tahull, Elisabet Leiva Badosa, Montserrat Colls González, Josep Llop Talaverón
Phthalates are chemical compounds classified as endocrine disruptors which are present in practically every environment of daily life. In the field of artificial nutrition, they are relevant because they are found as plasticizers in infusion lines made with PVC. They are lipophilic molecules which weakly pair with PVC and, therefore, they are easily extracted by the fatty compounds that are part of both the parenteral and enteral nutrition, as various studies show. As endocrine disruptors, they directly affect the reproductive organs because of their antiandrogenic and estrogenic effects...
February 27, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755730/having-concomitant-asthma-phenotypes-is-common-and-independently-relates-to-poor-lung-function-in-nhanes-2007-2012
#13
Rita Amaral, João A Fonseca, Tiago Jacinto, Ana M Pereira, Andrei Malinovschi, Christer Janson, Kjell Alving
Background: Evidence for distinct asthma phenotypes and their overlap is becoming increasingly relevant to identify personalized and targeted therapeutic strategies. In this study, we aimed to describe the overlap of five commonly reported asthma phenotypes in US adults with current asthma and assess its association with asthma outcomes. Methods: Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES) 2007-2012 were used (n = 30,442). Adults with current asthma were selected...
2018: Clinical and Translational Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736958/benefits-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-pediatric-asthma
#14
Stephen Kirkby, Allison Rossetti, Don Hayes, Elizabeth Allen, Shahid Sheikh, Benjamin Kopp, Alpa Patel
INTRODUCTION: There are limited studies evaluating the role of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) in pediatric asthma. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed of all pediatric patients with a diagnosis of asthma enrolled in PR. Demographics, medications, and clinical records were reviewed. In addition, PFTs, 6-min walk test (6MWT), and patient/parent symptom and quality of life surveys before and after PR were evaluated. RESULTS: A total of 38 patients were enrolled in PR; 18 (47%) female and 20 (53%) male...
May 7, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730453/overweight-obesity-enhances-associations-between-secondhand-smoke-exposure-and-asthma-morbidity-in-children
#15
Tianshi David Wu, Emily P Brigham, Roger Peng, Kirsten Koehler, Cynthia Rand, Elizabeth C Matsui, Gregory B Diette, Nadia N Hansel, Meredith C McCormack
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 3, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729177/clinical-and-pathogenetic-features-of-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis-for-comorbidity-with-bronchial-asthma-on-the-background-of-obesity
#16
Oksana S Khukhlina, Alona A Antoniv, Olha Ye Mandryk, Olha Yе Hryniuk, Svitlana V Kovalenko, Victoria Yu Drozd, Zoriana Ia Kotsiubiichuk
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The comorbid flow of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and bronchial asthma (BA) on the background of obesity is often recently drawn to the attention of both practitioners and researchers . The aim of our study was to study the changes in the functional state of the liver and the dependence of the external respiration function in patients with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis in combination with bronchial asthma and obesity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: The study was attended by 50 people aged from 30 to 50 years (average age 42 years), of which 40% were men and 60% women...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729167/the-dependence-of-the-endothelial-function-on-comorbid-states-in-patients-with-asthma
#17
Galyna V Yeryomenko
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: the purpose of the research consisted in the study of the functional state of the endothelium in patients having persistent asthma (A) with an uncontrolled course in combination with diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM2T) and obesity (O) The aim: on the basis of a complex study of nitric oxide metabolites (nitrosothiols, S-NO), von Willebrand factor (VWF) and endothelin-1 (EТ-1). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: The study involved 90 A patients with comorbid states, who were divided into 3 groups...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729164/cluster-analysis-of-the-phenotype-of-asthma-and-obesity
#18
Victoria S Sukhan
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The combination of asthma and obesity can affect the mutual encumbrance to which other pathogenetic mechanisms join, which worsen the course of both diseases. The aim of the work is to analyze the features of the genotype and phenotype in patients with a combined course of asthma and obesity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: In order to detect the features of obesity asthma, 108 patients were examined. Patients were divided into two groups: the first included 50 patients with normal body weight, the second - 58 patients with obesity...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726431/telemedicine-in-diagnosis-treatment-and-management-of-diseases-in-children
#19
Abbas Sheikhtaheri, Farzaneh Kermani
The purpose of this study was to review different telemedicine services in diagnosis, treatment and management of various children diseases and providing an overview of systematic reviews conducted in this regard. We searched English articles published in peer-reviewed journals between 2000 to 2016. We found that tele-pediatric services have been reported in various areas such as cardiology, burn, diabetes, obesity, emergency medicine, speech and hearing loss, Ear, Nose and Throat, psychology and psychiatry, radiology, oncology, home healthcare, asthma, genetics and dentistry...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724382/chronic-airway-obstruction-in-a-population-based-adult-asthma-cohort-prevalence-incidence-and-prognostic-factors
#20
Helena Backman, Sven-Arne Jansson, Caroline Stridsman, Hana Muellerova, Keele Wurst, Linnea Hedman, Anne Lindberg, Eva Rönmark
BACKGROUND: Asthma and COPD may overlap (ACO) but information about incidence and risk factors are lacking. This study aimed to estimate prevalence, incidence and risk factors of chronic airway obstruction (CAO) in a population-based adult asthma cohort. METHODS: During 1986-2001 a large population-based asthma cohort was identified (n = 2055, 19-72y). Subsamples have participated in clinical follow-ups during the subsequent years. The entire cohort was invited to a clinical follow-up including interview, spirometry, and blood sampling in 2012-2014 when n = 983 subjects performed adequate spirometry...
May 2018: Respiratory Medicine
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