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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889847/diagnostic-value-of-small-bowel-capsule-endoscopy-in-isolated-ileitis-a-capentry-study
#1
Hyun Seok Lee, Yun Jeong Lim, Ki Nam Shim, Chang Mo Moon, Hyun Joo Song, Jin Oh Kim, Seong Ran Jeon, Dae Young Jung, Ji Hyun Kim, Kyeong Ok Kim, Bo-In Lee
BACKGROUND: Capsule endoscopy (CE) has proven to be highly effective at detecting small bowel lesions, but studies regarding the diagnostic impact of CE on ileitis are rare. AIMS: We evaluated the diagnostic value of small bowel CE for isolated ileitis observed during ileocolonoscopy. METHODS: The CE results in 137 patients initially diagnosed with ileitis without colonic mucosal abnormalities on ileocolonoscopy at one of eight tertiary referral centers between October 2002 and June 2015 were retrospectively analyzed...
November 26, 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867950/review-capsule-colonoscopy-a-concise-clinical-overview-of-current-status
#2
REVIEW
Diana E Yung, Emanuele Rondonotti, Anastasios Koulaouzidis
The colon capsule endoscopy (CCE) was first introduced in 2007. Currently, the main clinical indications for CCE are completion of incomplete colonoscopy, polyp detection and investigation of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Although conventional colonoscopy is the gold standard in bowel cancer screening, incomplete colonoscopy remains a problem as lesions are missed. CCE compares favourably to computer tomography colonography (CTC) in adenoma detection and has therefore been proposed as a method for completing colonoscopy...
October 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843572/utility-of-high-resolution-anorectal-manometry-and-wireless-motility-capsule-in-the-evaluation-of-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-and-chronic-constipation
#3
Andrew Su, Rita Gandhy, Carrolee Barlow, George Triadafilopoulos
BACKGROUND: The aetiology of constipation in Parkinson's disease remains poorly understood. Defaecatory dyssynergia, anal sphincter spasticity and slow transit constipation may, individually or collectively, play a role. AIMS: In this retrospective cohort analysis of patients with Parkinson's disease and chronic constipation, we determined the utility of high-resolution anorectal manometry, balloon expulsion and wireless motility capsule testing in defining the underlying aetiology for constipation...
2016: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795303/antibody-based-immunotherapy-to-treat-and-prevent-infection-with-hypervirulent-klebsiella-pneumoniae
#4
Elizabeth Diago-Navarro, Isabel Calatayud-Baselga, Donglei Sun, Camille Khairallah, Inderjit Mann, Amaia Ulacia-Hernando, Brian Sheridan, Meiqing Shi, Bettina C Fries
Hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae (hvKp) strains are predicted to become a major threat in Asia if antibiotic resistance continues to spread. Anticapsular antibodies (Abs) were developed because disseminated infections caused by hvKp are associated with significant morbidity and mortality even with antibiotic sensitive strains. K1-serotype polysaccharide capsules (K1-CPS) are expressed by the majority of hvKp strains. In this study K1-CPS specific IgG Abs were generated by conjugation of K1-CPS to immunogenic Anthrax Protective Antigen (PA) protein...
October 26, 2016: Clinical and Vaccine Immunology: CVI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793502/detection-of-small-colon-bleeding-in-wireless-capsule-endoscopy-videos
#5
Muhammad Arslan Usman, G B Satrya, Muhammad Rehan Usman, Soo Young Shin
In the recent years, wireless capsule endoscopy (WCE) technology has played a very important role in diagnosing diseases within the gastro intestinal (GI) tract of human beings. The WCE device captures images of the GI tract of patient with a certain frame rate. Physicians examine these images in order to find abnormalities in the GI tract. This examination process is very time consuming and hectic for the physician as a WCE device captures around 60,000 images on the average. At present, there are no standards defined for the WCE image classification...
December 2016: Computerized Medical Imaging and Graphics: the Official Journal of the Computerized Medical Imaging Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761464/erratum-to-pillcam-colon-capsule-endoscopy-pcce-in-colonic-diseases
#6
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.21037/atm.2016.08.28.].
September 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760231/pyruvate-oxidase-as-a-critical-link-between-metabolism-and-capsule-biosynthesis-in-streptococcus-pneumoniae
#7
Haley Echlin, Matthew W Frank, Amy Iverson, Ti-Cheng Chang, Michael D L Johnson, Charles O Rock, Jason W Rosch
The pneumococcus is one of the most prodigious producers of hydrogen peroxide amongst bacterial pathogens. Hydrogen peroxide production by the pneumococcus has been implicated in antibiotic synergism, competition between other bacterial colonizers of the nasopharynx, and damage to epithelial cells. However, the role during invasive disease has been less clear with mutants defective in hydrogen peroxide production demonstrating both attenuation and heightened invasive disease capacity depending upon strain and serotype background...
October 2016: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754730/a-novel-in-line-delivery-system-to-administer-dry-powder-mannitol-to-mechanically-ventilated-patients
#8
Benny Feng, Patricia Tang, Sharon Shui Yee Leung, Jayesh Dhanani, Hak-Kim Chan
BACKGROUND: Mechanically ventilated patients commonly suffer from ventilator-associated pneumonia, hypoxemia, and other lower respiratory tract infection as a result of pathogen colonization and poor sputum clearance. Consequently, there is a high rate of morbidity and mortality in these patients. Dry powder mannitol increases sputum clearance, and therefore, we developed a system to administer it to mechanically ventilated patients without disconnection from the ventilator. METHODS: The inspiratory line from a ventilator was split by using a three-way valve into two parallel lines where one contains a humidifier for normal breathing cycle and the other line contains a dry powder inhaler (Osmohaler™)...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Aerosol Medicine and Pulmonary Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753700/capsule-endoscopy-crohn-s-disease-activity-index-cecdaiic-or-niv-score-for-the-small-bowel-and-colon
#9
Yaron Niv, Eyal Gal, Violeta Gabovitz, Marcela Hershkovitz, Lev Lichtenstein, Irit Avni
BACKGROUND AND THE STUDY AIM: Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic inflammatory disorder defined as a transmural inflammation of the bowel wall, affecting the small and large intestine. The Capsule Endoscopy Crohn's Disease Activity Index (CECDAI or Niv score) was devised to measure mucosal disease activity. We extended the Niv score to the colon and have a comprehensive view of the whole intestine. METHODS: We evaluated 3 parameters of intestinal pathology: A, Inflammation; B, Extent of disease; C, Presence of strictures...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747276/extracolonic-findings-with-the-pillcam-colon-is-panendoscopy-with-capsule-endoscopy-closer
#10
Javier Romero-Vázquez, Ángel Caunedo-Álvarez, Alba Belda-Cuesta, Victoria Alejandra Jiménez-García, Francisco Pellicer-Bautista, Juan Manuel Herrerías-Gutiérrez
Background and study aims: Colon capsules display images from the moment they are ingested, making the study of other extracolonic areas possible. The aim of this study was to analyze the significance of these extracolonic findings. Patients and methods: In this single-center, prospective study, 165 patients underwent colon capsule endoscopy (CCE) between September 2009 and October 2012 to rule out colonic pathology. Images were recorded, without interruptions, from the moment the capsule was ingested until its battery ran out...
October 2016: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730779/abdominal-tuberculosis
#11
Pravin Rathi, Pravir Gambhire
Abdomen is involved in 11% of patients with extra-pulmonary tuberculosis; The most common site of involvement is the ileocaecal region, other locations of involvement, in order of descending frequency, are the ascending colon, jejunum, appendix, duodenum, stomach, oesophagus, sigmoid colon, and rectum. Apart from the basic work up, Investigations like CT scan, EUS, Capsule endoscopy, Balloon enteroscopy, Ascitic fluid ADA, TB-PCR, GeneXpert, Laproscopy are being increasingly used to diagnose tuberculosis.Therapy with standard antituberculous drugs is usually highly effective for intestinal TB...
February 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698664/colon-capsule-endoscopy-review-and-perspectives
#12
David Friedel, Rani Modayil, Stavros Stavropoulos
Colon capsule endoscopy utilizing PillCam COLON 2 capsule allows for visualization potentially of the entire colon and is currently approved for patients who cannot withstand the rigors of traditional optical colonoscopy (OC) and associated sedation as well as those that had an OC that was incomplete for technical reasons other than a poor preparation. We will then describe the prior experience and current status of colon capsule endoscopy.
2016: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668227/pillcam-colon-capsule-endoscopy-pcce-in-colonic-diseases
#13
REVIEW
Dan Carter, Rami Eliakim
Diseases affecting the colon are common worldwide and can cause a major health problem. Colorectal cancer (CRC) as well as Inflammatory bowel diseases represent a major cause of morbidity and mortality in western countries. PillCam colon capsule endoscopy (PCCE) is a novel and promising technology that can be useful for the screening and monitoring of colonic diseases. In the recent years many articles examined the use of various versions of PCCE-the 1st and 2nd generation versus various other endoscopic or radiologic modalities both for detection of colonic polyps or cancer and in both ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease...
August 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663229/co-release-of-dicloxacillin-and-thioridazine-from-catheter-material-containing-an-interpenetrating-polymer-network-for-inhibiting-device-associated-staphylococcus-aureus-infection
#14
Michael Stenger, Kasper Klein, Rasmus B Grønnemose, Janne K Klitgaard, Hans J Kolmos, Jes S Lindholt, Martin Alm, Peter Thomsen, Thomas E Andersen
Approximately half of all nosocomial bloodstream infections are caused by bacterial colonization of vascular catheters. Attempts have been made to improve devices using anti-adhesive or antimicrobial coatings; however, it is often difficult to bind coatings stably to catheter materials, and the low amounts of drug in thin-film coatings limit effective long-term release. Interpenetrating polymer networks (IPNs) are polymer hybrid materials with unique drug release properties. While IPNs have been extensively investigated for use in tablet- or capsule-based drug delivery systems, the potential for use of IPNs in drug release medical devices remains largely unexplored...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658907/comparing-diagnostic-yield-of-a-novel-pan-enteric-video-capsule-endoscope-with-ileocolonoscopy-in-patients-with-active-crohn-s-disease-a-feasibility-study
#15
Jonathan A Leighton, Debra J Helper, Ian M Gralnek, Iris Dotan, Ignacio Fernandez-Urien, Adi Lahat, Pramod Malik, Gerard E Mullin, Bruno Rosa
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Crohn's disease (CD) is typically diagnosed by ileocolonoscopy (IC); however, when inflammation is localized solely in the small bowel, visualization of the entire small-bowel mucosa can be challenging. The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic yield of a pan-enteric video capsule endoscope (small-bowel colon [SBC] capsule) versus IC in patients with active CD. METHODS: This was a prospective, multicenter study. Patients with known active CD and proven bowel luminal patency underwent a standardized colon cleansing protocol followed by ingestion of the capsule...
September 19, 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658471/fecal-microbiota-transplant-in-patients-with-recurrent-clostridium-difficile-infection
#16
Stefan Hagel, Anne Fischer, Philipp Ehlermann, Thorsten Frank, Kester Tueffers, Andreas Sturm, Alexander Link, Muenevver Demir, Arno Siebenhaar, Martin Storr, Thomas Glueck, Erhard Siegel, Philip Solbach, Felix Goeser, Christian B. Koelbel, Ansgar Lohse, Christoph Luebbert, Ulrich Kandzi, Matthias Maier, Stefanie Schuerle, Markus M. Lerch, Daniela Tacke, Oliver A. Cornely, Andreas Stallmach, Maria Vehreschild
BACKGROUND: The clinical effectiveness of fecal microbiota transplant (FMT) for the treatment of recurrent Clostridium difficile infections (rCDI) has been demonstrated in randomized controlled trials. To assess the current status of FMT in Germany with respect to active centers, local standards, clinical effectiveness and safety, the MicroTrans Registry (NCT02681068) was established. METHODS: In a long-term retrospective multicenter observational study by the German Clinical Microbiome Study Group (GCMSG), primary and secondary cure on day 30 and 90, as well as occurrence of treatment-related adverse events were assessed...
September 5, 2016: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650225/lubiprostone-accelerates-intestinal-transit-and-alleviates-small-intestinal-bacterial-overgrowth-in-patients-with-chronic-constipation
#17
Irene Sarosiek, Mohammad Bashashati, Alicia Alvarez, Mark Hall, Nagasri Shankar, Yvette Gomez, Richard W McCallum, Jerzy Sarosiek
BACKGROUND: Lubiprostone is an effective treatment for chronic constipation (CC). The mechanism of action of lubiprostone is through increasing fluid secretion and lubrication of the intestinal lumen. The effects of lubiprostone on gastrointestinal transit and small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) have not been adequately explored. The current study was designed to investigate whether lubiprostone (1) alters gastrointestinal transit and (2) affects SIBO in patients with constipation...
September 2016: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648298/utility-of-wireless-motility-capsule-and-lactulose-breath-testing-in-the-evaluation-of-patients-with-chronic-functional-bloating
#18
George Triadafilopoulos
BACKGROUND: The precise aetiology of chronic bloating remains poorly understood and underlying gastroparesis, small bowel bacterial overgrowth and colonic inertia may, individually or collectively, play a role. AIMS: In this retrospective cohort analysis of symptomatic patients with chronic persistent bloating, we determined the clinical utility of wireless motility capsule and lactulose breath test in further defining the underlying aetiology for functional bloating...
2016: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642216/the-role-of-fecal-calprotectin-in-evaluating-intestinal-involvement-of-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease
#19
Burak Özşeker, Cem Şahin, Havva Solak Özşeker, S Cumali Efe, Taylan Kav, Yusuf Bayraktar
One of the regions of involvement of Behçet's disease (BD), a systematic inflammatory vasculitis with unknown etiology, is the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Upper GI endoscopy, colonoscopy, and capsule endoscopy are frequently used methods to diagnose the intestinal involvement of BD. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of fecal calprotectin (FC) in the evaluation of intestinal involvement in BD. Material and Method. A total of 30 patients who were diagnosed with BD and had no GI symptoms and 25 individuals in the control group were included in this study...
2016: Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27641998/aspergillus-spp-panophthalmitis-with-intralenticular-invasion-in-dogs-report-of-two-cases
#20
Penelope J Wooff, Darryl D Dees, Leandro Teixeria
This case series describes the ocular, clinical and histologic manifestations of disseminated Aspergillosis in two dogs. Two dogs presented for severe unilateral panophthalmitis and secondary glaucoma with positive Aspergillus spp. titers. Case 1 showed no clinicopathologic systemic symptoms of fungal dissemination, however, case 2 was affected with acute renal failure. The affected eye of case 1 did not respond to medical therapy and was enucleated for comfort. The affected eye of case 2 responded to aggressive topical and systemic medical therapies, however, the patient was euthanized for acute renal failure...
September 19, 2016: Veterinary Ophthalmology
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